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Full text of "Agricultural statistics"

Agricultural Statistics 



1937 




United States Department of Agriculture 



Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices 



'43 

UNITED STATES 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

LIBRARY 




BOOK NUMBER 



reserve 
3 So i 2,4. 



Ag84Y<ss 
193*7 



,,„ 8—7671 



oJb 




UNITED STATES 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



AGRICULTURAL 

STATISTICS 

1937 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1937 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. - Price 50c. Paper Covers 



: ; 24 



Agricultural Statistics 



Prepared under the direction of the Yearbook Statistical 
Committee: Joseph A. Becker, Chairman; Paul Froeh- 
lich, Secretary; Roy F. Hendrickson, S. W. Mendum, 
S. R. Newell, R. E. Post, and G. W. Sprague. 

{ Contents } 



Introduction 1 

Statistics of grains 9 

Statistics of cotton, sugar, and tobacco 88 

Statistics of fruits and vegetables 132 

Statistics of miscellaneous crops 214 

Statistics of beef cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, 

and mules 244 



Page 

Dairy and poultry statistics 293 

Statistics of foreign trade in agricultural 

products 336 

Farm business and related statistics 378 

Miscellaneous agricultural statistics— forestry, 

weather, roads, etc 424 

Index 477 



INTRODUCTION 

This volume presents information formerly published (until 1935) 
in the statistical section of the Yearbook of Agriculture. It brings 
together what seem from experience to be the most important agri- 
cultural statistics of the United States and of the world so far as the 
agriculture of this country is concerned. Those who need data for 
years earlier than are here shown may refer to the Yearbook of 
Agriculture prior to 1936 and to Agricultural Statistics, 1936. Cur- 
rent statistics comparable with those here presented can be obtained 
from periodicals published by the Department. When the word 
"Yearbook" alone appears in this volume, it refers to the Yearbook 
of Agriculture, published by this Department. 

ACREAGE, YIELD, AND PRODUCTION ESTIMATES 

The Bureau of Agricultural Economics, through its crop and live- 
stock reporting service, estimates acreage of crops, numbers of live- 
stock, and production, farm utilization, prices paid to farmers, farm 
income from and farm value of crops, livestock, and livestock 
products. 

Acreages for the census years (1909, 1919, 1924, 1929 and 1934) are 
based largely on the census. Estimates of acreages in recent inter- 
censal years have been based on the year-to-year changes shown by 
approximately 160,000 records which rural mail carriers secure each 
year from individual farmers, supplemented in each State by such 
other indications of acreage or production as are locally available, 
including State enumerations, local surveys, frontage measurements, 
carlot shipments, elevator and warehouse receipts, cotton ginnings, 
tobacco sales, sugar-beet purchases, and acreages of special crops 
contracted by processing companies. 

Yields per acre are estimates based on reports of one or more farmers 
in each agricultural township on the average yield per acre in their 
localities. For all crops except cotton and a few minor crops, yields 
from 1919 to 1936 have been adjusted to be comparable with the 



2 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

census yields of 1919, 1924, 1929, and 1934. For cotton acreage, 
yield, and production have been revised in consideration of census 
data and other statistical data developed from the agricultural adjust- 
ment programs. The production agrees with census ginning enumer- 
ations, with some adjustments between States where cotton grown in 
one State was ginned in another. Linters are not included in cotton 
figures, unless so stated in the respective tables. 

In this volume, historical revisions prior to 1919 are shown for rice, 
wheat, rye, corn, oats, barley, buckwheat, flaxseed, cotton, tobacco, 
potatoes, and sweetpotatoes, by which the currently published esti- 
mates have been made consistent with the decennial census figures, 
supplemented by State enumerations. For other important crops, 
revised data will be published in future issues. 

Estimates of farm stocks, farm sales, utilization, crop condition, 
and miscellaneous information concerning crops are based either upon 
sample data or upon estimates of crop reporters for their localities. 

COMMERCIAL CROPS 

The term "commercial" is used in connection with certain crop 
estimates to distinguish some part of the total production of a crop. 
Except for indicating that the entire production is not represented in 
the estimate, "commercial" does not have the same meaning in each 
instance where used. The commercial apple-crop estimate, for ex- 
ample, represents that portion of the total apple crop which is sold 
or available for sale for consumption as fresh fruit. That portion 
of the crop which is used for cider, vinegar, canning, evaporating, 
or other manufacture is not included in the commercial crop as defined 
in this case. 

Estimates of commercial truck-crop production are concerned only 
with those areas growing crops primarily to supply the large con- 
suming markets more or less distant from the producing center. 
Production in home and market gardens, intended primarily for local 
sale, is excluded. Similarly with truck crops grown for commercial 
canning or manufacture, the estimates include only quantities grown 
for use by canning or packing establishments and exclude quantities 
canned in the home. For the commercial acreages in the areas 
concerned, the truck-crop estimates are intended to include the total 
production suitable for food marketing purposes (unless destroyed 
by natural cause before harvest), whether or not the entire crop 
finds a market or use. It is, therefore, customary practice to retain 
in these production estimates those quantities of produce which ordi- 
narily would be marketable, but which are left unharvested because 
of adverse marketing conditions. The canning-crop estimates repre- 
sent the total quantity of raw product used by packers or canners for 
manufacturing purposes, including cold-packing. 

PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS 

Monthly prices received by farmers are based on reports from 
special price reporters, who are mostly country buyers of or dealers 
in agricultural products. These are prices paid to farmers for all 
grades and qualities of a specific commodity. Most of these prices 
relate to the 15th of the month, and for current information and the 
preparation of index numbers the State averages are weighted by 
State production to secure a United States weighted average for the 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 3 

date. The seasonal (weighted) prices represent the State prices 
weighted by estimated sales during the marketing season. Farm 
values are computed mostly by applying the seasonal State price to 
the State production. 

For commercial truck crops and canning crops, and for certain fruit 
crops, the prices shown are the estimated season averages of the prices 
received by farmers at the shipping point, including the cost of the 
container where this is a customary requirement of delivery. The 
December 1 price has been employed in computing farm values only 
in the case of certain miscellaneous crops of minor importance, where 
neither weighted averages of monthly prices nor estimates of average 
prices for the entire marketing season are available. These prices 
as of December 1 are obtained from an inquiry sent to farmers, on 
the regular December crop-schedule, and are weighted by crop- 
reporting districts in each State. 

The index numbers of prices received by farmers (farm prices) are, 
for the most part, based on mid-month prices of fixed quantities of 
farm products and are expressed as a percentage of the August 1909- 
July 1914 average. The ratio of these index numbers of prices re- 
ceived to the companion index numbers of prices paid by farmers 
indicates the changes in the exchange value, or purchasing power, 
per unit of farm products. 

LIVESTOCK ON FARMS 

Numbers of livestock on farms on January 1, 1920, 1925, and 1935, 
are based on the census enumerations as of those dates, supplemented 
by enumerations by State agencies, such as assessors' and brand- 
inspection boards, and by records of shipments. Numbers on Janu- 
ary 1, 1930, give weight insofar as feasible to the numbers reported 
by the census of 1930 which was as of April 1, with allowance for 
indicated changes between January 1 and April 1 . In the intercensal 
years the numbers of livestock are estimated by methods similar to 
those used for crop acreages. 

The average value per head on January 1 is estimated from reports 
of correspondents relating to livestock in their vicinity. These tend 
to reflect inventory values as distinguished from the monthly prices 
which relate to sales. The farm value on January 1 is computed by 
applying the average value per head to the number on farms. Esti- 
mates of production and farm utilization of livestock products are 
based upon sample data supplemented by check data of shipments, 
receipts, manufactures, and other similar data. 

MARKET SUPPLIES AND PRICES 

The market news service of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
supplies much of the information on market prices and movements. 
The leased-wire telegraph system in use by this service extends from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean and reaches most of the important 
markets. At each of the branch offices commodity specialists gather 
information regarding supply, market demand, and prices of the prod- 
ucts on which they report. They observe sales actually made on the 
markets and are constantly in touch with the traders, who in many 
instances give them access to their office records in order that they 
may have specific information on which to base their reports. 

Carlot shipments and market receipts of crops and livestock products 
are reported by officials and agents of railroads, express companies, 



4 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

and boat lines, or are compiled from trade publications. Shipments to 
market by motortruck have continued important, and at a few of the 
markets receipts by truck are reported by dealers and distributors. 
Data on receipts, slaughter, and shipments of livestock are obtained 
from monthly reports submitted by the public stockj^ards. Data on 
cold-storage stocks are obtained directly from all important cold- 
storage warehouses, and data on commercial stocks of grain are re- 
ported by boards of trade, etc. Leaf-tobacco stocks are reported 
directly by dealers and manufacturers. Reports on the grade and 
staple of cotton ginned in the principal cotton-producing States are 
based on samples currently obtained from a substantial number of 
representative gins, a sample from every bale. Annually the grade 
and staple of the cotton on hand August 1 is reported. 

Where a weighting factor is available, market prices as shown are 
weighted averages. But in many cases a weighting factor is not 
available, and the prices shown are usually the means of ranges of 
quotations without reference to quantity. 

Prices derived from different sources may not be strictly com- 
parable, although for most purposes they are satisfactory. Data as 
to commercial stocks and movements of various commodities are as 
nearly complete as practicable and are considered fairly representative. 

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 

The tables of international trade cover substantially the inter- 
national trade of the world in agricultural products. The total im- 
ports and total exports in any one year cannot be expected to balance, 
although disagreements tend to be compensated over a series of 
years. Among the sources of disagreement are: The different periods 
covered by the year of various countries; imports received in the 
year subsequent to the year of export; lack of uniformity in classifi- 
cation of goods as among countries; different trade practices and vary- 
ing degrees of failure in recording countries of origin and ultimate 
destinations; different practices in recording reexported goods, and 
different methods of treating free ports. In the international trade 
tables the exports given are domestic exports and, therefore, include 
exports of commodities which are the growth, produce, or manu- 
facture of the specified country, as well as exports of commodities of 
foreign origin which have been changed from the form in which they 
were imported or enhanced in value by further manufacture after 
importation. In the case of foreign countries the imports given are 
"special" or net imports, rather than general imports, whenever it 
is possible to distinguish such imports from general imports. General 
imports are all the imports reported, whereas "special" or net imports 
are general imports less reexports of merchandise previously imported 
and not changed from the condition in which imported. "Special" 
or net imports are used in the international trade tables for the 
following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Egypt, Irish Free State, 
China, Netherland India, France, and the United Kingdom. 

In both the United States trade tables and the international trade 
tables, the United States trade figures are domestic exports as defined 
above and, until January 1934, general imports, unless otherwise 
specified. Beginning with January 1934 imports for consumption are 
given. General imports include all commodities entered for immediate 
consumption plus those entered for storage in bonded customs ware- 
houses. Imports for consumption include all commodities entered 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 5 

for immediate consumption upon arrival, plus withdrawals for con- 
sumption from bonded customs warehouses. For any given period 
general imports will differ from imports for consumption to the extent 
that entries for bonded customs warehouses during the period differ 
from withdrawals from such warehouses for consumption. This 
difference will be equal to the increase or decrease of stocks at the end, 
compared with stocks at the beginning of the period, in bonded cus- 
toms warehouses, plus exports of foreign merchandise (reexports) from 
bonded customs warehouses during the period. While there are some 
inevitable omissions, there may be some duplications because of reship- 
ments which do not appear as such in the official reports. Export and 
import statistics of the United States include trade with the Philippine 
Islands, which are treated as a foreign country. They also include 
any trade between foreign countries and Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto 
Rico, but do not include shipments between continental United States 
and these possessions. Prior to January 1, 1935, the Virgin Islands 
of the United States were considered a foreign country (the same as 
the Philippine Islands), but since that date the Virgin Islands are 
treated in the same manner as Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. 

OTHER STATISTICS 

Statistics of acreage and production in foreign countries are compiled 
as far as possible from official sources and are, therefore, subject to 
whatever errors may result from shortcomings in the reporting and 
statistical services of the various countries. Inaccuracies also result 
from differences in nomenclature and classification in foreign countries. 
Except where otherwise stated, pre-war data refer to pre-war bound- 
aries. Yields per acre are calculated from acreage and production, 
both rounded to thousand units, and are therefore subject to a greater 
possibility of error when calculated for countries with small acreage. 

Agricultural Adjustment Administration work began about the 
middle of 1933. This publication contains two summary tables, indi- 
cating in a general way some of the results of that work. Work of 
the Soil Conservation Service began in the early part of 1936, and this 
publication includes three summary tables relating to that subject. 
These five tables comprise the last pages in the section on Farm 
Business and Related Statistics. 

Prices are stated in terms of United States currency, unless other- 
wise specified. For the convenience of those wishing to convert 
currency prices to gold prices a table of the gold value of the dollar, 
weekly from April 1933 to March 1937, will be found as the last table. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES 

The following table of weights, measures, and conversion factors 
covers the most important agricultural products, or the products for 
which such information is most frequently asked in the Department of 
Agriculture. It does not claim to cover all farm products nor all 
containers for any one product. 

The figures were assembled from various sources within the Depart- 
ment and from State schedules of legal weights. Effort was made 
to select the most representative and fairest average for each product, 
particularly for fresh fruits and vegetables which show a wide variation 
in weight, due to differences in variety or size of the commodity and to 
condition and tightness of pack, etc. For such commodities as 



6 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



develop considerable shrinkage, the point-of -origin weight or harvest- 
ing weight was used. 

The approximate or average weights, as given in this table, do not 
(necessarily) have official standing as a basis for packing or as 
grounds for settling disputes. Not all of them are recognized as legal 
weights. The table was prepared chiefly for use of workers in the 
Department of Agriculture, who have need of conversion factors in 
statistical computations. The figures are subject to revision. 

Weights, measures, and conversion factors used in the Department of Agriculture 
(See explanatory text just preceding this table) 



Commodity 


Unit « 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 


I 

Commodity 


Unit i 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 




Bushel 


Pounds S 
60 
48 
44 
140 
48 
22 

40 
50 
24 

48 

56 
60 
100 
32 
30 
52 

450 
380 
425 
36 
14-30 
333 

44-50 

48-52 

63 

50 
SO 

60 
50 
46 

38 

39 

90 

56 
64 
15 
60 

<70 

56 

35 

50 

3 7.5 

11.5 

500 

»478 

«32 

3 7.5 

60 

100 

50 

8.43 

48 
36 




Bushel ... 


Pounds 
33 


Apples, fresh .... 


(.— do 

{Box 


Eggs, average size 


Case, 30 dozen. .. 
Bushel 


45 
56 




[Barrel- 




Barrel 

Bushel 

Box 


196 


Apricots 


Bushel 


Grain sorghums 

Grapefruit: 




Western 


Crate 2 




Artichokes: 


Box 


80 


Globe 


California 

Grapes 


—do 

Bushel - - . 


60 




Bushel 


48 


Asparagus ... 


Crate 


Lug box _. 


26 


Barley 


Bushel 


Keg 

Eastern 

Hemp seed . - 




32 


Beans: 

Lima, dry 

Other, dry 


do 

f— -do 

\Sack 


\Sawdust 

12-quart basket .. 
Bushel .-- 


13 
18 
44 


Hickory nuts 


do 

Gallon 








Lima, unshelled . 


Bushel 


12 


Snap 


do 

do— 

50-gallon barrel. . 
do 

.... do.. . 




Bale, gross 

Bushel . 


200 


Beets, table 


Horseradish roots 

Hunearian millet seed. 

Kafir 

Kale 

Kapok seed. 


35 


Berries: 

Frozen-pack: 

2+1 pack 

Without sugar. 
3+1 pack 


do 

do 

do 

do 


48 and 50 

56 and 50 

18 

35-40 

375 


Blackberries.. . 


2-1-quart crate. .. 
Bushel 


Lemons, California 


Box... . 


76 


Blueerass seed. 


Bushel 

Crate 

Gallon 

Bushel-.. 

Gallon... 

Bushel.. 


60 


Broomcorn (6 balps per 


Bale.. 


Lettuce, western 




ton) 


Bushel 


3 7.5 


Broomcorn seed 


Malt 


34 


Buckwheat 

Butter 


do 

Tub. . 


Maple sirup 

Meadow fescue seed... 
Milk (specific gravity 

1.032). 
Millet 


11 
24 


Cabbage 


H£ -bushel ham- 
per 

Lettuce crate 

Standard 45 
crate 

Bushel 


Gallon 






8.6 


Cabbase, western 


Bushel 

Gallon 


4S-50 


Cantaloups 


Molasses 


11.75 






Bushel 


58-60 


Carrots.. . _ 


Oats 


do 


32 


Castor beans 


do 


Olive oil -.. ... 


Gallon 


»7.5 


Castor oil 


Gallon 

Crate.. .. 


Onions, drv 


[Sack 

^Bushel, late 

( do early — 
do 


100 


Cauliflower.. _ 


57 


Celery.. 


5$ crate - 




50 




Bushel 

do 

Lue box... 


28-32 


Unstemmed 


Oranges: 
Florida 


Box . 


90 


Western 


California 

Orchard grass seed 


do 

Bushel 


70 




Bushel 


14 


Corn* 


do 

do 

do 

do 

Gallon 


Gallon 


*7.5 






Bushel . 


50 


Shelled 




.do... - 


48 


| Green, sweet 




Box 


20 




Gallon.. 


«7.5 


F f Oil 


Peanuts, unshelled: 


Bushel 




Sirup 

Cotton 


do.... - 

[Bale, gross 

(Bale, net 

Bushel 


22 


Runners 

Spanish 

Pears 


do 

do 

do 


28 
30 
50 






Gallon- 




Box 


46 




Bushel 


Do.... 


Crate 2 


22 




[Barrel 


Peas: 

Fresh, unshelled... 
Dry 






Cranberries . 


\H -barrel box 


30 


Cream, 30 percent 
butterfat. 


do 


60 


"Bushel 


Peppers 

Perilla seed 


do 

do... 


25 
37-40 


Dewberries 


24-quart crate... 


Pineapples 


Crate 


70 



See footnotes on next page. 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Weights, measures, and conversion factors used in the Department of 
Agriculture — Continued 

(See explanatory text just preceding this table) 



Commodity 


Unit' 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 


Commodity 


Unit » 


Approxi- 
mate net 
weight 






Pounds 
56 
20 

16 

<70 
56 
46 
60 

165 
56 
20 

16 

4S 

50 and 60 

36 

14-40 

45 
162 
100 
500 

56 
56 






Pounds 
46 




Box 


Sorgo: 

Seed 


do 






do 


50 




Sirup . 


Gallon 


11.4 


Popco r n: 

On ear 


Bushel 




Bushel.. 


60 


Soybean oil. 


Gallon 


»7. 5 


Shelled 


do 

do 

J do 


Spelt 


Bushel 

do 


40 




Spinach ... ... 


18 






24-quart crate. . 
Bushel 


36 


Potatoes . 


(Barrel 


Sudan grass seed 

Sugarcane sirup 

Sunflower seed _ 

Sweetpotatoes 

Tangerines, Florida 

Timothy seed 










Bushel. 


Gallon.. 


11.25 


Western 


Box 


Bushel 


24 and 32 


Northwestern suit- 


do 

Bushel 


do 

H-strap 


'55 
40 


Quinces .. 


Bushel ... 


45 


Rapeseed 


do 

24-quart crate. .. 
Bushel . 




L— do 

(Lug box 


53 


Raspberries 


Turnips.. ... . 


32 


Redtop seed 


Bushel 


54 


Rice: 


do 




Gallon 


7.23 


Rough 


Velvetbeans (hulled) . . 

Vetch 

"Walnuts 

Water, 60° F 


Bushel.. . 


60 


Do 


Barrel . . 


do 

do 

Gallon 


60 


Milled 




50 


Rosin ._ 


Barrel, gross 


8.33 


Rutabagas 


Wheat 


Bushel 


60 


Rye 


do 


Various commodities.. 


Short ton 


2,000 









1 Standard bushel used in the United States contains 2,150.42 cubic inches; the gallon, 231 cubic inches. 

2 Crates 4Ji by 16 by 16& inches. 

' This is the weight commonly used in trade practice, the actual weight varying according to'temperature 
conditions. 

4 The standard weight of 70 pounds is usually recognized as being about 2 measured bushels of corn, 
husked, on the ear, because it requires 70 pounds to yield 1 bushel, or 56 pounds, of shelled corn. 

5 For statistical purposes the bale of cotton is 500 pounds gross or 478 pounds net weight. Actual bale 
weights vary from year to year, and the customary average weights of bales of foreign growth differ from 
that of the American square bale. 

8 Average weight of cottonseed, although the legal weight in some States varies from this figure of 32 
pounds. 

7 This average of 55 pounds indicates the usual weight of sweetpotatoes when harvested. Much weight 
is lost in curing or drying, and the net weight when sold in terminal markets may be far below 55 pounds. 

(See other conversion factors on next page.) 



s 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 
OTHER CONVERSION FACTORS 



Commodity 


Unit 


Approximate equivalent 






7 pounds fresh. 


Do 




Do 


1 barrel .. 




Apricots .. - -. . . .. 






Barley flour 


1 barrel (196 pounds) ... 




Beans, lima 


1 pound shelled . . 


2 pounds unshelled. 


Buckwheat flour . _ - 


1 barrel (196 pounds) . 




Cane sirup 


1 gallon 








4 pounds fresh in California; 5 pounds 

fresh elsewhere. 
2 bushels (70 pounds) of husked ear corn. 


Corn, shelled.. 




Corn meal: 


1 barrel (196 pounds) 


Nondegermed.. -.- __. 


-- . do... . ... .. 




Cotton .. -. ..- 




2.86 pounds unginned. 
21 pounds milk. 


Dairy products: 

Butter .- - 


1 pound 


Cheese 

Condensed milk, whole- 
Evaporated milk, whole- 


do 

do 

do 


10 pounds milk. 
2.2 pounds milk. 
Do. 


Ice cream s (eliminating 
fat from butter and 
concentrated milk). 

Malted milk 


do 


12 pounds milk. 
2.6 pounds milk. 


Powdered milk 

Powdered cream 

Dates . .__. 


do 

do 

1 pound dried _ 


S pounds milk. 
19 pounds milk. 
1.33 pounds fresh. 


Eggs - --- - 


1 case (45 pounds).- . - 


35.3 pounds frozen or liquid eggs. 


Figs 


1 pound dried - ... . .. 


3 pounds fresh in California; 4 pounds fresh 


Grapefruit, Florida 


1 case canned _ 


elsewhere. 
Slightly less than 1 box fresh fruit. 


Flaxseed - - . .— 


1 bushel.. . ... 


Yields about 2 l A gallons oil. 








Malt 


1.1 bushels .-.-- 


1 bushel barlev. 


Maple sirup - 


1 gallon . ..... 


8 pounds sugar. 


Nuts: 

Almonds. - . 


1 pound shelled 


3H pounds unshelled. 


Brazil 

Cashews 

Chestnuts 

Filberts 


do 

do 

do 

do 


2 pounds unshelled. 
4.55 pounds unshelled. 
1.19 pounds unshelled. 
2.22 pounds unshelled. 


Pecans: 

Seedling 

Improved 

Pignolias 

Pistachios . 


do 

do 

do 

do 


2.63 pounds unshelled. 
2.38 pounds unshelled. 
1.30 pounds unshelled. 
2 pounds unshelled. 


Walnuts: 

Black 

Persian (English) 

Oatmeal. . . _. 


do ---. 

do 

1 barrel (196 pounds)-. . 


8H pounds unshelled. 
2.38 pounds unshelled. 
10§9 bushels oats. 






fiVi pounds fresh. 


Peanuts . . 


l pound shelled 


V/i pounds unshelled. 


Pears.. . - 


1 pound dried . . . 


5H pounds fresh. 






2.5 pounds unshelled. 


Prunes _ 


1 pound dried 


2j-o pounds fresh in California; 3 to 4 pounds 


Raisins . .... 


1 pound. _.- .. 


fresh elsewhere. 
4 pounds fresh grapes. 






1.62 pounds rough or unhulled rice. 


Rve flour - 




6 bushels rve. 


Sugar 


1 ton raw . 


Hawaii, 0.9617 ton refined; Puerto Rico 


Tobacco. . -_. . . 


1 pound stemmed. - - 


and Philippines, 0.946 ton refined; Cuba 
and other sections, 0.9418 ton refined, be- 
ginning with the 1931-32 season. 
1.33 pounds unstemmed. 


Wheat flour. . 


1 barrel (196 pounds). . . ... 


4.7 bushels wheat. 9 


Wool ._ 






Do 


1 pound pulled 


IJ3 pounds grease. 









8 The milk equivalent of ice cream per gallon is 15 pounds. Reports from plants indicate 81.24 percent of 
the butterfat in ice cream is from milk and cream, the remainder being from butter and concentrated milk. 
Thus the milk equivalent of the milk and cream in ice cream is about 12. 

9 This figure (4.7) has been used for conversions relating to the period 1921-36. Because of changes in 
milling processes, the following factors have been used for earlier periods: 1790-1879, 5 bushels; 1880-1908, 
4.75 bushels; 1909-17, 4.7 bushels; 1918 and 1919, 4.5 bushels; 1920, 4.6 bushels. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 

Table 1. — Wheat: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1936 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 

by 
farmers ' 


Farm 
value 


Price per bushel 
at— 


Foreign trade, including flour, 
year beginning July * 




Chicago, 
year 

begin- 
ning 

July 1 2 


Minne- 
apolis, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
July 1 ? 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports « 


Im- 
ports 6 


Net ex 


ports * 


Year 


Total 


Per- 
cent- 
age of 
pro- 
duc- 
tion 


1866 


1,000 
acres 
15, 408 
16, 738 
19, 140 


Bush- 
els 
11.0 
12.6 
12.9 


1,000 
bushels 
169, 703 
210, 878 
246, 272 
287, 746 
289, 526 
254, 429 
271, 881 
271, 482 
321, 931 

356. 115 
313, 728 

309. 116 
395, 510 
449, 175 
459, 483 
459, 234 
502, 257 
405, 886 
552, 207 
438, 762 
571, 292 
399, 931 
513, 540 
490, 761 
423,867 
468,874 
504, 370 
449,042 
677, 543 
611,854 
505, 795 
541, 873 
542, 119 
522, 963 
606, 202 
768, 148 
658, 534 
655, 143 
599, 315 
762, 546 
686, 959 
663, 115 
555, 571 
706, 026 
740, 509 
628, 764 
642, 818 
683, 379 
683, 927 
625, 476 
618, 166 
730, Oil 
751, 101 
897,487 


Cents 
206.2 
201.2 
145.9 


1,000 
dollars 
349, 914 
424, 334 
359, 347 


Cents 
189 
189 
128 


Cents 


1,000 
bushels 
12, 647 
26, 323 
29,717 


1,000 
bushels 
3,092 
2,014 
1,830 


1,000 
bushels 
10, 828 
24, 550 
28,314 


Per- 
cent 
6.4 


1867 




11 6 


1868 




11.5 


1869... 






1869 


21, 194 
20, 945 
22,230 
22, 962 
24, 866 

27, 310 

28, 382 
28, 283 
27, 963 
33, 379 
35, 430 

35, 347 
38, 096 

36, 795 
36, 496 
35, 587 
38, 485 

35, 095 
36, 312 
36, 873 
34, 969 
33, 580 
36,098 

36, 686 

41, 090 

42, 979 
40, 790 
40, 167 
38, 998 
40,828 

43, 413 
50,506 
52, 589 
52, 342 
49, 203 
50, 847 
46, 244 
48, 456 
43, 155 
46, 306 
46, 230 
44, 139 
45, 102 
44,263 

44, 262 

45, 793 
49, 894 
48, 413 
52, 012 
55, 613 


13.7 
12.1 
12.2 
11.8 
12.9 
13.0 
11.1 
10.9 
14.1 
13.5 
13.0 
13.0 
13.2 
11.0 
15.1 
12.3 
14.8 
11.4 
14.1 
13.3 
12.1 
18.9 
14.0 
12.2 
16.5 
14.2 
12.4 
13.5 
13.9 
12.8 
14.0 
15.2 
12.5 
12.5 
12.2 
15.0 
14.9 
13.7 
12.9 
15.2 
16.0 
112 
14.3 
15.4 
15.5 
13.7 
12.4 
15.1 
14.4 
16.1 


92.3 
104.2 
124.7 
123.9 
116.8 

94.8 
101.0 
103.6 
108.5 

77.2 


267, 224 
265, 230 
339, 130 
336, 324 
375, 957 
337, 451 
316, 946 
320, 270 
429, 278 
346, 834 


99 

115 
124 
121 
116 

95 
106 
122 
111 

90 




53, 901 
52, 574 
38, 996 
52, 015 
91,510 
72, 913 
74, 751 
57,044 
92, 142 
150, 503 


1,286 

867 

2,411 

1,841 

2,117 

368 

1,664 

366 

1,391 

2,074 


53, 126 
52, 195 
37, 587 
50, 705 
90,418 
72, 845 
74, 508 
57, 148 
92, 028 
150, 253 


18 3 


1870 




20.5 


1871 




13.8 


1872 




18.7 


1873 




28.1 


1874 




20 5 


1875 




23.7 


1876 . 




18 5 


1877 .. 




23.3 


1878 




33.5 


1879 






1879... 


110.7 
95.2 

119.6 
88.8 
91.4 
64.5 
77.2 
68.7 
68.1 
92.7 


508, 554 
477, 989 
485, 570 
490, 371 
400, 964 
368, 642 
308, 825 
352, 767 
334, 459 
393, 000 


110 
99 
129 
105 
93 
80 
81 
77 
75 
95 




181, 807 
188, 308 
123, 371 
150, 113 
113, 822 
135, 232 

96, 611 
156, 685 
122, 616 

90, 944 


487 
212 
867 
1,088 
33 
213 
389 
283 
596 
136 


181, 951 
188, 250 
123,211 
150, 000 
113, 892 
135, 301 

96, 569 
156, 760 
122, 524 

91, 030 


39.6 


1880 




37.5 


1881 . 




30.4 


1882 




27 2 


1883 




26.0 


1884 




23 7 


1885 




24. 1 


1886 .. -. 




30.5 


1887 




25.0 


1888. 




21.5 


1889 






1889 .. 


69.8 
83.7 
83.1 
62.4 
53.4 
48.9 
50.5 
72.1 
80.9 
57.9 


352, 283 
376, 015 
563, 213 
381,987 
270, 268 
265, 134 
273, 756 
376, 827 
490, 644 
445, 055 


81 
97 
89 

73 
60 

57 
61 
70 
91 
71 




112,488 
109, 017 
229, 465 
196, 068 
168, 498 
148, 630 
130, 099 
148, 767 
221, 143 
227, 240 


163 
586 
2,463 
968 
1,183 
1,439 
2,117 
1,545 
2,060 
1,875 


112, 507 
109, 054 
228, 841 
195, 672 
167, 531 

147, 740 
130, 345 

148, 725 
220, 965 
227, 300 


22.3 


1890 




24.3 


1891. 




33.8 


1892... 




32.0 


1893 




33.1 


1894... 




27.3 


1895 




24.0 


1896 




28.4 


1897 




36.5 


1898 




29.6 


1899 






1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 


58.8 
62.1 
63.1 
63.0 
69.3 
92.6 
74.7 
66.0 
86.6 
96.7 


385, 259 
371, 888 
480, 886 
432, 942 
459, 847 
514, 503 
527, 437 
488, 427 
544, 211 
621, 797 


68 
72 
71 
73 
81 

101 
86 
76 
96 

100 


67 
75 
72 
74 
89 
113 
84 
83 
107 
111 


190, 772 
220, 653 
239, 212 
207, 835 
124, 977 
46, 319 
101, 089 
150, 597 
166, 525 
116, 373 


320 
603 
121 

1,080 
229 

3,296 
273 
602 
530 
475 


190, 749 
220, 723 
239, 137 
208, 016 
124, 926 
43, 612 
100, 849 
150, 594 
166, 304 
115,901 


29.1 
36.8 
31.4 
30.3 
18.8 
7.8 
14.3 
20.3 
26.4 
18.0 


1909 

1910 

1911 

1912 

1913 

1914 


99.1 
90.8 
86.9 
80.7 
79.4 
97.4 


677, 726 
567, 800 
537, 068 
588, 775 
596, 039 
874, 009 


109 
100 
94 
94 
89 
111 


109 
105 
107 

87 
88 
120 


89, 173 
71,338 
81, 891 
145, 159 
147, 955 
335, 702 


845 
1,175 
3,445 
1,304 
2,402 

728 


88, 465 
70, 164 
78, 447 
143, 938 
146, 306 
335, 162 


12.9 
11.2 
12.7 
19.7 
19.5 
37.3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



10 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 193< 



Table 1. — Wheat: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1 866-1936— Continued 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 

by 
farmers 1 


Farm 
value 


Price per bushel 
at— 


Foreign trade, including flour, 
year beginning July 4 




Chicago, 
year 

begin- 
ning 

July 1 2 


Minne- 
apolis, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
July 1 3 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports « 


Im- 
ports « 


Net exports 7 


Year 


Total 


Per- 
cent- 
age of 
pro- 
duc- 
tion 


1915 

1916 

1917 

1918 

1919 


1,000 
acres 

60, 303 
53, 510 
46, 787 
61,068 
73, 099 
73, 700 
62, 358 
64, 566 

61, 397 
56, 920 

50, 862 
52, 463 
52, 443 

56, 616 
59, 628 
59, 226 

62, 000 

63, 332 
62, 614 

57, 681 
57, 839 
49, 438 
U,943 
43, 400 

51, 229 
48, 820 


Bush- 
els 

16.7 
11.9 
13.2 
14.8 
12.9 
12.9 
13.5 
12.7 
13.8 
13.3 
15. 7 
16.0 
12.8 
14.7 
14.7 
15.4 
12.9 
13.0 
14.2 
16.3 
13.1 
11.2 
12.2 
12.1 
12.2 
12.8 


1,000 
bushels 
1,008,637 
634, 572 
619, 790 
904, 130 
945, 403 
952, 097 
843, 277 
818, 964 
846, 649 
759, 482 
800, 877 
841. 617 
668, 700 
832, 213 
875, 059 
914, 373 
800, 649 
823, 217 
886, 470 
941, 674 
756, 927 
551, 683 
513, 213 
526, 393 
626, 344 
626, 461 


Cents 

96.1 

143.4 

204.7 

205.0 


1,000 

dollars 

968, 800 

910,052 

1, 268, 898 

1, 853, 063 


Cents 
114 

157 
228 

224 


Cents 
109 
176 
220 
236 


1,000 
bushels 
246, 221 
205. 962 
132, 579 
287, 402 


1,000 
bushels 
7,254 
24, 960 
31,215 
11, 289 


1,000 
bushels 
239, 591 
181,067 
102, 775 
276,615 


Per- 
cent 
23.8 
28.5 
16.6 
30.6 


1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923 

1924 


216.3 
182.6 
103.0 
96.6 
92.6 


2. 059, 421 

1, 539, 584 

843, 458 

817, 929 

703, 283 


227 
216 
128 

113 
106 


300 
201 
148 
126 

124 


222, 030 
369, 313 
282, 566 
224, 900 
159, 880 


5,511 
57, 682 
17, 375 
20, 031 
28,079 


216, 671 
312,625 
265, 590 
205, 079 
131, 892 


22.8 
37.1 
32.4 
24.2 

17.4 


1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 


124.7 
143.7 
121.7 
119.0 

99.8 


1, 049, 534 

961,131 

1,012,831 

1,041,512 
912, 496 


139 
161 
140 
138 

117 


158 
165 
151 

141 
126 


260, 803 
108, 035 
219, 160 
206, 259 
163, 687 


6,201 
15, 679 
13, 264 
15, 734 
21, 442 


254, 695 
92, 669 
205, 994 
190, 578 
142, 301 


30.3 
13.8 
24.8 
21.8 
15.6 


1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 


103.6 
67.1 
39.0 

38.2 

74.4 


852,9011 130 
594,874 84 
367. 6271 53 
289, 0961 53 
410,280 94 


130 
82 
71 
61 
91 


153, 245 
131,475 
135, 797 
41,211 
37,002 


12, 956 
19, 059 
12,886 
9,382 
11, 494 


140, 361 
112, 435 
123, 774 
32, 284 
25,508 


17.0 
12.7 

13.1 
4.3 
4. 6 


1934 

1935 

1936 8 


84.8 
83.2 
99.7 


446, 368 
521, 233 
624, 338 


102 
104 


116 
126 


21, 532 
15, 929 


25, 134 
46, 663 


8 3, 602 
8 30, 734 























1 Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 1866-67 to 1898-99, Spring wheat, quoted as follows: 1866-67 to 1884-85, No. 2 Spring— simple average of 
mean of weekly high and low cash prices, as quoted in annual reports of the Chicago Board of Trade; 1885-86 
to December 1896, No. 2 Spring— simple average of mean of daily high and low cash prices, as quoted in 
Howard, Bartel & Co. Red Book (summary of current quotations in Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin); Janu- 
ary 1897- June 1898, No. 3 Spring and 1898-99, No. 1 Spring— simple average of mean of daily high and low 
cash prices as quoted in Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin; 1899-1900 to date, No. 2, Hard Winter computed by 
weighting selling prices bv number of carlots sold, as reported in the Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin. 

* 1899-1900 to 1917-18, No. 1 Northern Spring and 1918-19 to date No. 1 Dark Northern Spring, computed 
by weighting selling prices by number of carlots sold as reported in the Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 

* Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and 
Navigation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, 
June issues, 1919-26, Januarv and June issues, 1927-36. Wheat flour converted to terms of grain on the 
following basis: 1866-79, 5; 1880-1908, 4.75; 1909-17, 4.7; 1918 and 1919, 4.5; 1920, 4.6; 1921-36, 4.7 bushels of 
grain per barrel of flour. 

* Includes flour milled from imported wheat. 

6 Includes wheat imported for milling in bond and export. 

7 Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus total imports; beginning 1933 net figures are domestic 
exports minus imports for consumption. 

8 Net imports; i. e., imports for consumption minus domestic exports. 
p Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



11 



Table 2.- 



Wheat, winter, all spring, durum, and other spring: Acreage seeded and 
harvested, and production, United States, 1909-36 



Year 



1909. . 
1910.. 
1911.. 
1912.. 
1913. . 
1914.. 
1915.. 
1916.. 
1917. . 
1918.. 
1919.. 
1920. . 
1921.. 
1922.. 
1923.. 
1924.. 
1925.. 
1926.. 
1927.. 
1928.. 
1929.. 
1930. . 
1931.. 
1932.. 
1933.. 
1934.. 
1935.. 
1936 i. 



Winter 



Acreage 

seeded in 

preceding 

fall 



1,000 

acres 
29, 196 
32, 878 
33, 514 
35, 709 
33, 608 

37, 372 
40, 657 

38, 873 
37, 981 
43, 399 
51,391 
45, 505 
45, 479 
47, 415 
45, 408 
38, 638 
40, 922 
40, 604 
44,134 
48, 431 
43, 967 
45, 032 
45, 647 

43, 371 

44, 445 
44,585 
47,064 



Acreage 
harvested 


Average 
yield per 




acre 


1,000 




acres 


Bushels 


27,018 


15.5 


28, 152 


15.3 


29,780 


14.4 


28,406 


14.2 


31, 962 


15.7 


36, 203 


18.5 


39, 597 


16.2 


34, 078 


13.4 


26, 825 


14.5 


37, 171 


15.0 


50, 404 


14.8 


40, 409 


15.2 


43, 160 


14.0 


41,649 


13.7 


38, 712 


14.3 


35, 418 


16.2 


31,964 


12.5 


37, 597 


16.8 


38, 195 


14.4 


36, 853 


15.7 


41, 194 


14.2 


41, 069 


15.4 


43, 448 


19.0 


36, 056 


13.6 


30, 272 


12.4 


34, 638 


12.6 


33, 402 


13.9 


37, 608 


13.8 



Production 



1,000 
bushels 
417, 796 
429,875 
428, 740 
402, 703 
501, 239 
670, 945 
640, 565 
456, 118 
389, 956 
556, 506 
748, 460 
613. 227 
602, 793 
571, 459 
555, 299 
573, 563 
400, 619 
631, 607 
548,188 
579, 066 
586, 239 
633, 605 
825, 396 
491. 795 
376,518 
437, 963 
465, 319 
519.013 



All spring 



Acreage 
seeded 



1,000 
acres 



26. 049 
22, 472 
22, 202 

19, 748 
19, 102 

17, 068 
20, 816 
20, 108 

21, 527 
22, 721 
22, 873 
22, 118 

20, 351 

22, 542 
24,040 

18, 977 
22, 143 

23, 912 



Acreage 
harvested 


Average 
yield per 




acre 


1,000 




acres 


Bushels 


17,244 


15.4 


17,641 


11.1 


20, 114 


9.4 


20, 007 


16.4 


20, 050 


12.5 


19,410 


11.7 


20,706 


17.8 


19, 432 


9.2 


19, 962 


11.5 


23, 897 


14.5 


23,296 


8.7 


21, 949 


10.5 


21, 406 


10.1 


19, 748 


13.9 


18,208 


11.2 


17, 045 


15.7 


20, 479 


13.1 


19, 019 


10.5 


21, 433 


15.3 


22, 373 


15.0 


22, 138 


10.7 


21,545 


11.7 


14,233 


8.2 


21, 783 


12.2 


19, 166 


9.1 


8,762 


10.1 


17, 827 


9.0 


11, 212 


9.6 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
bushels 

266. 131 
195, 601 
189, 426 
327, 308 
249, 862 
226, 542 
368, 072 
178, 454 
229, 834 
347, 624 
203, 637 
230, 050 
216, 171 
275, 190 
204, 183 
268, 054 
268, 081 
200, 606 
326,871 
335, 307 
236, 978 
252, 865 
116,278 

265. 132 
175, 165 

88,430 
161,025 
107, 448 



1919. 
1920. 
1921. 
1922. 
1923. 
1924. 
1925. 
1926- 
1927. 
1928- 
1929. 
1930. 
1931- 
1932. 
1933. 
1934. 
1935. 
1936 



Durum 2 



Other spring 



Acreage 
seeded 



4,882 
5,478 
6,884 
5,770 
4,776 
4,003 
4,227 
3,112 
1,959 
2,461 
3,592 



3,893 


7.3 


4,400 


9.9 


6,009 


9.0 


5,659 


14.5 


4,064 


9.6 


3,674 


16.1 


4,158 


14.0 


4,577 


9.3 


5,445 


14.4 


6,804 


14.1 


5,571 


9.8 


4,701 


12.2 


2,964 


7.1 


3,984 


10.3 


2,304 


7.3 


. 876 


7.4 


2,262 


10.5 


1,559 


5.3 



28,324 
43, 550 
54,212 
82, 245 
38, 961 
59, 114 
58,010 
42, 469 
78, 359 
95, 802 
54, 710 
57, 391 
21, 133 
41, 063 
16, 715 

6,507 
23, 821 

8,227 



15, 226 

16, 049 
15, 837 
17, 103 

17, 342 

16, 348 

18, 315 
20,928 

17, 018 

19, 682 

20, 320 



19,403 


9.0 


17, 549 


10.6 


15, 397 


10.5 


14, 089 


13.7 


14,144 


11.7 


13, 371 


15.6 


16, 321 


12.9 


14, 442 


10.9 


15,988 


15.5 


15, 569 


15.4 


16, 567 


11.0 


16, 844 


11.6 


11,269 


8.4 


17, 799 


12.6 


16, 862 


9.4 


7,886 


10.4 


15, 565 


8.8 


9,653 


10.3 



175, 313 
186, 500 
161, 959 
192, 945 
165, 222 
208, 940 
210, 071 
158, 137 
248, 512 
239, 505 
182, 268 
195, 474 

95, 145 
224, 069 
158, 450 

81,923 
137, 204 

99, 221 



1 Preliminary. 

1 Figures on durum apply to 4 States only— Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana. 

Bureauof Agricultural Economics. 



12 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 3. — Wheat: Acreage, production, and season average price per bushel received 
by farmers, by States, average 1928-32, and annual 1934-36 





Acreage harvested 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and division 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1934 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age 

1928-32 


1934 


1935 


1936 i 


1934 


1935 


1936 1 




1,000 

acres 

3 

239 

53 

969 


1,000 

acres 

7 

263 

51 

946 


1,000 
acres 

10 
283 

58 
1,004 


1,000 

acres 

7 

282 

61 

1,033 


1,000 

bu. 

55 

4,447 

1,153 

17, 659 


1,000 
bu. 
150 

4,714 
1,096 
15, 499 


1,000 
bu. 

170 

6,457 

1,334 

21, 045 


1,000 
bu. 

119 
5,743 
1,281 
19, 615 


Ct. 

146 
96 
97 
92 


Ct. 

134 
82 
84 
84 


Ct. 

150 




107 




106 




101 






North Atlantic 


1,265 


1,267 


1,355 


1,383 


23,329 


21, 459 


29,006 


26, 758 


93.6 


83.9 


102.7 


Ohio. 


1,538 
1,463 
1,870 

753 

98 

1,408 

391 
1,478 
9,620 
3,542 
3,426 
12, 062 


1,994 
1,845 
2,080 

855 

104 
1,322 

298 
1.643 
3,430 

158 
2.251 
8,610 


2.132 

1,906 

2,074 

874 

139 

1,874 

401 

2,054 

7,823 

3,153 

3,070 

6,888 


2,177 
1,775 
2,082 

823 

106 
1,821 

440 
2,095 
3,699 

840 
3,338 
10, 464 


31, 664 
26.732 
33, 183 
15, 949 
1,874 
21, 097 
7,460 
20. 479 

102. 840 
37, 003 
56. 520 

177,418 


36, 467 
31,891 
36. 522 
12, 126 

1,475 
14, 165 

3,632 
24, 776 
20, 908 
732 
17, 543 
84,323 


46, 892 

29. 534 

30, 060 
19, 108 

2, 254 
19, 676 

6,318 
25, 648 
54, 714 
25, 481 
38, 675 
64,055 


40,278 
31, 042 
36, 435 
16, 702 
1.469 

18, 721 
9,440 

31,407 

19, 235 
4,286 

47, 339 
120, 270 


89 
86 
85 
88 
97 
99 
88 
84 
98 
92 
84 
84 


80 
80 
84 
79 
94 
98 
85 
84 
79 
91 
85 
89 

84.5 


100 




98 




102 




100 




113 




121 




105 




102 




118 




113 




103 


Kansas 


99 


North Central 


37, 648 


24, 590 


32,388 


29,660 


532. 216 


284. 560 


362, 415 


376. 624 


87.0 


102.5 




98 
460 
610 
116 
352 
67 
66 


80 
408 
605 
145 
496 
156 
169 


84 
428 
629 
149 
-520 
175 
195 


86 
449 
629 
150 
530 
184 
195 


1,781 
8,630 
9,260 
1,747 
3,790 
704 
610 


1,448 
7,630 
7,926 
1, 856 
4,910 
1,404 
1,436 


1,596 
8,774 
8,177 
2,384 
5,876 
1,750 
1,560 


1,419 
8,980 
7,862 
2,025 
5,194 
1,472 
1,560 


91 

90 
96 
96 
106 
112 
112 


83 
77 
88 
90 

100 
98 

102 


101 




101 




107 




107 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


114 
110 
111 






South Atlantic 


1,768 


2,059 


2,180 


2,223 


26, 522 


26,610 


30, 117 


28. 512 


97.6 


88.3 


106.5 




231 

286 

3 

31 

4,299 

3,357 


403 

418 

9 

60 

3,543 

3,094 


443 

468 

7 

114 

3,308 

1,639 


421 

454 

6 

70 
3,440 
2,458 


3.278 

3,174 

36 

304 

55, 145 

41,410 


5,239 
4,264 
72 
480 
37, 202 
26, 299 


4,430 
4,446 
70 
912 
33, 080 
11, 473 


5,894 
4,858 
54 
595 
27, 520 
18, 927 


89 
98 
107 
96 
81 
78 


86 
94 
96 
87 
86 
84 


102 




107 




110 




108 




99 




95 






South Central 


8.208 


7,527 


5,979 


6,849 


103, 350 


73. 556 


54, 411 


57, 848 


81.6 


86.3 


98.8 




3,847 
1.188 

296 
1,361 

319 
23 

271 

15 

2,312 

1,011 

606 


2,481 
885 
106 
704 
129 
54 
202 
12 

1,934 
835 
615 


3, 434 
978 
246 
553 
187 
44 
230 
13 

1.998 
878 
766 


2,239 

1,030 

119 

853 

146 

48 

255 

13 

2,144 

1,000 

858 


45, 160 
27,228 

3,632 
17, 255 

4,194 
518 

5,692 

381 

42, 798 

21,211 

11, 046 


27, 624 

19, 921 

1,050 

6,192 

833 

1,161 

3,513 

306 

37. 158 

12,610 

9,840 


36, 365 

21, 733 

2,647 

6,532 

1,463 

990 

5,222 

336 

45, 050 

15, 503 

14, 554 


13, 626 

21, 096 

1,164 

10, 691 

1,023 

1,104 

4,477 

274 

46, 193 

20, 340 

16,731 


86 
69 
87 
84 
91 
82 
83 
82 
73 
74 
79 


92 
70 
89 
90 
83 
82 
79 
87 
70 
72 
78 


116 




86 




110 




99 




98 




89 


Utah . 


96 




96 




85 




84 


California .. 


86 








11, 249 


7,957 


9,327 


8,705 


179, 115 


120. 20S 


150, 395 


136, 719 


77.0 


77.9 


90.1 






United States _. 


60, 138 


43, 400 


51, 229 


48, 820 


864, 532 


526, 393 


626, 344 


626, 461 


84.8 


83.2 


99.7 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



13 



Table 4. — Wheat, winter, durum, and other spring: Acreage and production, by 
States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 



WINTER 





Acreage seeded in 
autumn of— 


Acreage harv 


isted 


Production 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-31 


1934 


1935 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


New York . 


1,000 
acres 

239 
55 

993 


1,000 

acres 

289 

59 

1,011 


1,000 

acres 

283 

63 

1,042 


1,000 
acres 

229 
53 

958 


1,000 
acres 

275 
58 

991 


1,000 

acres 

275 

61 

1,021 


1,000 
bu. 
4,273 
1,153 
17, 456 


1,000 
bu. 
6,325 
1,334 
20,811 


1,000 
bu. 
5,638 


New Jersey . . 


1,281 


Pennsylvania 


19,399 






North Atlantic . 


1,286 


1,359 


1,388 


1,240 


1,324 


1, 357 


22, 882 


28,470 


26,318 






Ohio 


1,898 
1,781 
2,232 

767 
36 

204 

379 
1,677 

159 
3,667 
13, 255 


2,147 
1,939 
2,111 

867 
22 

123 

382 
2,130 

167 
3,217 
13, 438 


2,307 
1,880 
2,226 

819 
27 

198 

430 
2,258 

282 
3,474 
14, 244 


1,523 
1,447 
1,737 

739 
32 

167 

344 
1,468 

119 
3,248 
12, 027 


2,126 
1,900 
2,048 

854 
22 

118 

355 
2,045 

117 
2.600 
6,876 


2,169 
1,767 
2,048 

803 
26 

170 

400 
2,086 

113 
2,938 
10, 452 


31,385 

26, 458 

30, 674 

15,684 

605 

3,309 

6,698 

20, 343 

1,699 

54. 169 

177, 054 


46, 772 

29, 450 

29,696 

18, 788 

440 

2,655 

5,858 

25, 562 

1,696 

35, 620 

63, 947 


40, 126 


Indiana 


30, 922 


Illinois 


35, 840 


Michigan 


16, 462 


Wisconsin. _. 


429 


Minnesota. 


3,145 


Iowa 


8,800 


Missouri 


31,290 


South Dakota.. 


881 


Nebraska ..... .. 


45, 539 


Kansas 


120, 198 






North Central 


26, 054 


26, 543 


28,145 


22, 851 


19, 061 


22, 972 


368, 079 


260, 484 


333. 632 






Delaware .. 


100 
475 
626 
121 
363 
72 
70 


86 
439 
642 
150 
525 
177 
201 


89 
461 
655 
159 
560 
190 
217 


98 
460 
610 
116 
352 
67 
66 


84 
428 
629 
149 
520 
175 
195 


86 
449 
629 
150 
530 
184 
195 


1,781 
8,630 
9,260 
1,747 
3,790 
704 
610 


1,596 
8,774 
8,177 
2,384 
5,876 
1,750 
1,560 


1,419 


Maryland . . 


8,980 


Virginia 


7,862 


West Virginia. 


2,025 


North Carolina 


5,194 


South Carolina... 


1,472 


Georgia.. 


1,560 






South Atlantic 


1,827 


2,220 


2,331 


1,768 


2,180 


2,223 


26, 522 


30, 117 


28, 512 






Kentuckv 


293 

.318 

3 

36 

4,685 

3,930 


468 

488 

7 

134 

4,726 

4,867 


468 

475 

7 

82 

4,845 

5,062 


231 

286 

3 

31 

4,299 

3,357 


443 

468 

7 

114 

3,308 

1,639 


421 

454 

6 

70 

3,440 

2,458 


3,278 

3,174 

36 

304 

55, 145 

41,410 


4,430 
4,446 
70 
912 
33, 080 
11,473 


5,894 


Tennessee. _ . ... . 


4,858 


Alabama. . . .. 


54 


Arkansas 


595 


Oklahoma 


27,520 


Texas 


18, 927 






South Central 


9,266 


10, 690 


10, 939 


8,208 


5,979 


6,849 


103, 350 


54,411 


57, 848 








852 
698 
166 

1.562 

412 

24 

202 

3 

1,345 
869 
725 


929 

670 

228 

986 

300 

44 

177 

2 

1,357 

761 

798 


1,208 
719 
285 

1,197 

360 

48 

192 

2 

1,146 
805 
923 


639 
666 
133 

1,066 

288 

23 

195 

3 

1,205 
834 
606 


828 
623 
119 
207 
165 
44 
159 
2 
1,298 
647 
766 


447 
604 

57 
455 
125 

48 
172 
2 
779 
660 
858 


8,998 
13, 682 

1,608 
13, 051 

3,766 
518 

3,498 

70 

28, 543 

17, 610 

11,046 


12,834 

12, 148 

1,250 

2,380 

1,155 

990 

3,021 

56 

32,450 

10, 999 

14, 554 


3,800 


Idaho... 


10, 872 




513 


Colorado. .. . 


5,915 




750 


Arizona.. .. 


1,104 


Utah 


2,236 


Nevada . . . 


54 


Washington . . 


17, 528 


Oregon.. . . .... 


13, 200 


California 


16, 731 






Western 


6,857 


6,252 


6,885 


5,657 


4,858 


4,207 


102, 387 


91,837 


72, 703 


United States 


45,290 


47,064 


49,688 


39, 724 


33, 402 


37,608 


623,220 


465, 319 


519,013 







i Preliminary. 



14 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 4. — Wheat, winter, durum, and other spring: Acreage and production, by 
States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 — Continued 



DURUM 





Acreage seeded in- 


Acreage harvested 


Production 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 

1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 




1,000 
acres 
199 
3,614 
1,283 
36 


1,000 

acres 
97 

1,858 

472 

34 


1,000 
acres 

111 
2,683 

761 
37 


1,000 
acres 
199 
3,347 
1,229 
30 


1,000 
acres 

97 

1,728 

406 

31 


1,000 
acres 

108 
1, 261 

175 
15 


1,000 

bu. 

2,912 

38. 167 

12, 607 

333 


1,000 

bu. 

1,261 

18, 144 

4,060 

356 


1,000 
bu. 
918 


North Dakota 


6,557 
700 


South Dakota 




52 






4 States. 


5,132 


2,461 


3.592 


4,805 


2,262 


1,559 


54, 020 


23,821 


8,227 





OTHER SPRING 



Maine 


3 

10 
11 


10 
8 
13 


7 
7 
12 


3 

10 
11 


10 
8 
13 


7 
7 
12 


55 
174 
203 


170 
132 

234 


119 




105 


Pennsylvania .. 


216 






North Atlantic. . 


25 


31 


26 


25 


31 


26 


447 


536 


440 






Ohio 


15 

16 
133 

14 

67 

1,042 

47 

10 

6.954 

2,334 

181 

35 


6 
6 

26 

20 

117 

1,864 

46 

9 

8,963 

2,995 

470 

18 


8 
8 

34 

24 

83 

1,591 

40 

9 

8,127 

3,154 

536 

20 


15 

16 
133 

14 

66 

1,042 

47 

10 

6,273 

2,193 

178 

35 


6 

6 

26 

20 

117 

1,659 

46 

9 

6,095 

2,630 

470 

12 


8 

8 

34 

20 

80 

1,543 

40 

9 

2,438 

552 

400 

12 


279 

274 

2, 509 

264 

1,269 

14, 875 

762 

136 

64,672 

22. 696 

2,350 

364 


120 

84 

364 

320 

1,814 

15, 760 

460 

86 

36, 570 

19, 725 

3,055 

108 


152 




120 


Illinois .. 


595 




240 


Wisconsin .. .. 


1,040 




14, 658 




640 




117 


North Dakota - 


12, 678 


South Dakota 


2,705 


Nebraska . 


1,800 


Kansas 


72 






North Central 


10, 84S 


14, 540 


13, 634 


10, 023 


11,096 


5,144 


110,451 


78, 466 


34, 817 






Montana . 


3,639 

522 

209 

342 

32 

76 

12 

1,107 

177 


3,146 

355 

146 

402 

25 

71 

11 

700 

255 


3,712 

426 

165 

531 

27 

83 

11 

1,365 

340 


3,178 

522 

163 

295 

31 

76 

12 

1,107 

177 


2,575 

355 

127 

346 

22 

71 

11 

700 

231 


1,777 

426 

62 

398 

21 

83 

11 

1,365 

340 


35, 829 
13,546 
2,024 
4,204 
428 
2,196 
311 
14,255 
3,601 


23, 175 

9,585 

1,397 

4,152 

308 

2,201 

280 

12,600 

4,504 


9,774 




10, 224 




651 


Colorado. 


4,776 




273 


Utah 


2,241 


Nevada 


220 


Washington 


28, 665 




7,140 






Western 


6,116 


5,111 


6,660 


5,562 


4,438 


4,483 


76, 394 


58,202 


63,964 








16, 989 


19, GS2 


20, 320 


15, 610 


15, 565 


9,653 


187, 292 


137, 204 


99, 221 







i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



15 



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18 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 6. — Wheat: Production, world and selected countries, 1890-91 to 1986-37 



Crop year 



1890-91.. 
1891-92.. 
1892-93.. 
1893-94.. 
1894-95 _. 
1895-96.. 
1896-97.. 
1897-98- 
1898-99 __ 
1899-1900 
1900-1901 
1901-2... 
1902-3... 
1903-4... 
1904-5— 
1905-6— 
1906-7— 
1907-8... 
1908-9. .. 
1909-10.. 
1910-11.. 
1911-12. _ 
1912-13... 
1913-14. . 
1914-15... 
1915-16.. 
1916-17... 
1917-18. _ 
1918-19.. 
1919-20... 
1920-21... 
1921-22... 
1922-23.. 
1923-24... 
1924-25. .. 
1925-26... 
1926-27... 
1927-28.. 
1928-29... 
1929-30.. 
1930-31... 
1931-32... 
1932-33- 
1933-34.. 
1934-35... 
1935-36... 
1936-37 '. 



World 

excluding 

U.S.S.R 

and 

China 



Million 
bushels 
2,018 
2,152 
2,226 
2,180 
2,231 
2,172 
2,124 
1,968 
2,632 
2.416 
2,297 
2,516 
2,537 
2,739 
2,529 
2,754 
3,026 
2,694 
2,618 
2,860 
2,815 
3,087 
3,140 
3,129 
2,884 
3.520 
2,717 
2,693 
2,935 
2,809 
2,968 
3,179 
3,203 
3,519 
3,127 
3,380 
3,494 
3,673 
3,996 
3,574 
3,847 
3,865 
3,863 
3,838 
3,518 
3,566 
3,466 



Northern 
Hemi- 
sphere, 
excluding 
U.S.S.R 
and 
China 



Million 
bushels 
1,944 
2.066 
2,108 
2,034 
2,120 
2,086 
2,054 
1,866 
2,452 
2,246 
2,151 
2,398 
2,394 
2,498 
2,293 
2,519 
2,771 
2,419 
2,357 
2,593 
2,533 
2,801 
2,817 
2,882 
2,649 
3,124 
2,436 
2,285 
2,631 
2,504 
2,612 
2,797 
2,845 
3,087 
2,716 
3,012 
3,043 
3,200 
3,420 
3,207 
3,344 
3,390 
3,340 
3,292 
3,070 
3,194 
3,002 



Europe, 
exclud- 
ing 

U.S. 

S. R. 



Million 
bushels 
1,082 
946 
1,084 
1,073 
1,110 
1,098 
1,151 
874 
1,209 
1,147 
1,134 
1,135 
1,240 
1,305 
1,154 
1,266 
1,398 
1,205 
1,204 
1,263 
1,218 
1,366 
1,307 
1,322 
1,096 



151 

020 
865 
959 
900 
949 
224 
045 
257 
058 
397 
216 
274 
410 
451 
360 
436 
490 
746 
548 
577 



1,483 



Selected countries 



U.S. 
S.R.i 



Million 
bushels 
212 
173 
255 
375 
355 
310 
412 
340 
459 
454 
423 
428 
607 
621 
667 
636 
543 
571 
628 
846 
836 
563 
801 
1,028 

2 834 

3 827 
< 531 

622 



320 
205 
389 
451 
480 
764 
898 
792 
807 
694 
989 
753 
744 
6 1,019 
6 1, 117 
« 1, 133 



United 
States 



Million 
bushels 
449 
678 
612 
506 
542 
542 
523 
606 
768 
655 
599 
763 
687 
663 
556 
706 
741 
629 
643 
684 
625 
618 
730 
751 
897 
1,009 
635 
620 
904 
952 
843 
819 
847 
759 
842 
669 
832 
875 
914 
823 
886 
942 
757 
552 
526 
626 
626 



Canada 



Million 

bushels 

42 

42 

48 

41 

43 

41 

33 

47 

63 

57 

56 

85 

94 

78 

69 

106 

126 

93 

112 

167 

132 

231 

224 

232 

161 

394 

263 

234 

189 

193 

263 

301 

400 

474 

262 

395 

407 

480 

567 

305 

421 

321 

443 

282 

276 

282 

229 



India 



Million 
bushels 
229 
257 
227 
286 
271 
261 
201 
200 
269 
255 
200 
265 
227 
298 
360 
283 
320 
317 
229 
285 
360 
376 
371 
368 
312 
377 
323 
382 
370 
280 
378 
250 
367 
372 
361 
331 
325 
335 
291 
321 
391 
347 
337 
353 
352 
363 
352 



Argen- 
tina 



Million 

bushels 

31 

36 

59 

82 

61 

46 

32 

53 

105 

102 

75 

56 

104 

130 

151 

135 

156 

192 

156 

131 

146 

166 

187 

105 

169 

169 

84 

235 

180 

217 

156 

191 

196 

248 

191 

191 

230 

282 

349 

163 

232 

220 

241 

286 

241 

141 

250 



Austra- 
lia 



Million 
bushels 
27 
26 
33 
37 
28 
18 
21 
28 
41 
40 
48 
39 
12 
74 
55 



45 

63 

90 

95 

72 

92 

103 

25 

179 

152 

115 

76 

46 

146 

129 

109 

125 

165 

115 

161 

118 

160 

127 

214 

191 

214 

177 

133 

143 

134 



France 



Million 
bushels 
330 
215 
311 
278 
344 
340 
340 
242 
365 
365 
326 
311 
328 
363 
300 
335 
329 
381 
317 
359 
253 
322 
334 
319 
283 
223 
205 
•135 
229 
187 
237 
323 
243 
276 
281 
330 
232 
276 
281 
337 
228 
264 
334 
362 
339 
285 
244 



1 Includes all Russian territory reporting for years named. 

1 Total Russian Empire exclusive of the 10 Vistula Provinces of Russian Poland and the Province of 
Batum in Transcaucasia. 

* Exclusive of Russian Poland, Lithuania, parts of present Latvia and Ukraine, and 2 Provinces of 
Transcaucasia. 

4 Beginning with this date estimated production is within present boundaries of the Union of Soviet 
Socialist Republics, excluding Turkestan, Transcaucasia, and the Far East, which regions in 1924 produced 
51,706,000 bushels and, in 1925, 58,000.000 bushels. 

6 Beginning with this date production is within post-war boundaries and therefore not comparable with 
earlier years. 

« Official estimates. Figures are probably not strictly comparable with those for previous years. 

7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere countries are 
combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus, for 1935-36 the crop 
harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1935 is combined with the Southern Hemisphere 
harvest which begins late in 1935 and ends early in 1936. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 19 

Table 7. — Wheat: World supply and disappearance, 1922-23 to 1936-37 





Production 


Net 
exports 
from U. 
S. S. R. 


Stocks 

on about 

July 1 


Total 
supply > 




Year 


United 
States 


Canada, 
Argen- 
tina, and 
Aus- 
tralia 


Europe 


All other 


World 
produc- 
tion 


Total 
disap- 
pearance 


1922-23 


Million 
bushels 
847 
759 
842 
669 
832 
875 
914 
823 
886 
942 
757 
552 
526 
626 
626 


Million 
bushels 
705 
847 
618 
701 
798 
880 
1,076 
.595 
867 
732 
898 
745 
650 
560 
573 


Million 
bushels 
1,045 
1,257 
1,058 
1,397 
1,216 
1,274 
1,410 
1,451 
1,360 
1,436 
1,490 
1,745 
1,548 
1,576 
1,490 


Million 
bushels 
606 
656 
609 
613 
648 
644 
596 
705 
734 
756 
718 
767 
790 
794 
742 


Million 
bushels 
3,203 
3,519 
3,127 
3,380 
3,494 
3,673 
3,996 
3,574 
3,847 
3,866 
3,863 
3,809 
3,514 
3,556 
3,431 


Million 

bushels 

1 

21 


Million 

bushels 

588 

576 

719 

566 

655 

687 

753 

1,027 

943 

1,054 

1,041 

1,142 

1,167 

920 

747 


Million 
bushels 
3,792 
4,116 
3,846 
3,973 
4,198 
4,365 
4,749 
4,608 
4,902 
4,990 
4,921 
4,985 
4,683 
4.505 
4,178 


Million 

bushels 
3,216 


1923-24 


3,397 


1924-25 


3,280 


1925-26 . 


27 

49 

5 


3,318 


1926-27 


3, 511 


1927-28 


3,612 


1928-29 .. . 


3,722 


1929-30 


7 

112 

70 

17 

34 

2 
29 


3,665 


1930-31 


3,848 


1931-32— 


3,949 


1932-33 


3,779 


1933-34 .. 


3,818 


1934-35 K ... 


3,763 


1935-36 2 


3,758 


1936-37 2 











1 Excludes production and stocks in Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and China. 
1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
Table 8. — Wheat: Stocks on farms, quarterly, United States, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Stocks on farms 


Year 


Stocks on farms 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July li 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July li 


1926-27 

1927-28. 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 . 


1,000 bu. 
356, 249 
369, 010 
421, 677 
341, 387 
385. 915 
490, 594 


1,000 bu. 
207, 631 
199, 641 
254, 298 
218, 468 
253, 083 
321, 985 


1,000 bu. 
101, 495 
86, 530 

130, 913 

131, 897 
117, 223 
172, 288 


1,000 bu. 
26. 640 
19,588 
45, 106 
60, 216 
37, 867 
93, 769 


1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35. 

1935-36 

1936-37 


1,000 bu. 
403,044 
295, 644 
244,275 
269, 169 
225, 505 


l,000bu. 
274, 391 
196, 860 
145, 591 
163, 360 
128, 604 


1,000 bu. 
183, 173 
119, 342 
98, 726 
98. 978 
71, 723 


1,000 bu. 
82. 882 
62, 516 
44, 339 
43/988 


1931-32 





1 Includes old crop only. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



20 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 9. — Wheat: Production and farm disposition, United States, 1909-10 to 

1935-36 





Production 


Used for seed 


Fed to 

livestock i 


Ground at 

mills for 

home use or 

exchanged 

for flour 




Season 


Total 


Home 
grown i 


Sold or for 
sale 


1909-10 


1.000 bu. 
683, 927 

625, 476 
618, 166 
730, Oil 
751, 101 
897, 487 

1, 008, 637 
634, 572 
619, 790 
904, 130 
952, 097 
843, 277 
818, 964 
846,649 
759, 482 
841,617 
668, 700 
832, 213 
875, 059 
914, 373 
823, 217 
886, 470 
941, 674 
756, 927 
551, 683 
526, 393 

626, 344 


1,000 bu. 
69, 870 
73,129 
75, 170 
72, 696 
75, 796 
80, 972 
79, 559 

79, 042 

86, 719 
97, 372 
89, 914 
88, 500 
88, 215 
85,528 
74, 111 
79, 895 
78, 828 
83,264 
89,864 
83,663 
83, 353 
80,886 

80, 049 
83, 513 
77,832 
82, 585 

87, 407 


1,000 bu. 

65, 456 
68, 336 
70, 393 
68, 659 
72, 001 
77,483 
77, 267 
74, 902 
72, 749 
89, 084 
85, 645 
85, 015 
84, 859 
82, 138 

72, 254 
75, 312 

73, 513 
78, 858 
84, 197 

79, 675 

80, 737 
77, 878 
73,411 
79, 565 
68, 132 
66,408 
75, 191 


1,000 bu. 
21, 037 
22, 778 

35, 267 
23,687 
36,244 
27, 633 
28,755 
38, 220 
31, 152 
36, 869 

36, 863 
20, 649 
32,984 
48, 969 
69, 670 

55, 727 
28,214 
34,261 
44, 507 

56, 566 
58, 769 

157, 188 
173, 991 
124, 912 
72, 261 
83,700 
83, 168 


1,000 bu. 
10, 074 
10, 457 
12, 103 
10, 221 
11, 935 

10, 757 
11,318 
12, 182 
11,918 
13, 022 

11, 614 
11, 325 
10, 996 
11, 116 
10, 906 
10, 268 
10, 691 
10, 791 

9,420 
7,682 
6,686 
10, 131 
15,090 
16, 073 
16, 284 
15, 457 
15, 935 


1,000 bu. 
587, 360 
523,905 
500,403 


1910-11 


1911-12 


1912-13 . 


1913-14 


630, 921 
781, 614 
891, 297 
509,268 
503, 971 
765 155 


1914-15 


1915-16 


1916-17 


1917-18 


1918-19 


1919-20 .. 


817, 975 
726,288 
690, 125 
704,426 
606, 652 
700, 310 
556 282 


1920-21 


1921-22 


1922-23- . 


1923-24 


1924-25 


1925-26 


1926-27.- 


708, 303 
736, 935 
770, 450 
677, 025 
641, 273 
679, 182 
536, 377 
395 006 


1927-28 


1928-29 


1929-30 


1930-31— 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 . 


1934-35 


360 828 


1935-36 


452, 050 







i Relates to quantities used by producers on their own farms. Additional quantities of purchased wheat 
are so utilized. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 10. — Wheat: United States production, and exports 1 by classes, 1925-26 to 

1936-37 



Year beginning 
July 


Hard red spring 


Durum 


Hard red winter 


Soft red winter 


White 


Produc- 
tion 


Exports 


Pro- 
duction 


Exports 


Produc- 
tion 


Exports 


Produc- 
tion 


Exports 


Pro- 
duction 


Exports 


1925-26 


1,000 
bu. 
165, 780 
123,282 
206, 679 
202, 803 
145, 621 
157, 378 

72. 439 
189, 939 

106, 469 
53, 279 

107, 975 
52, 252 


1,000 

bu. 
4,958 
2,174 
6,000 
2,200 
1,900 
600 
100 

(*) 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 


1,000 
bu. 
60, 377 
45, 320 
81,423 
99,008 
57, 117 
59, 522 
22, 099 
42, 252 
17, 816 

6,891 
24, 759 

8,875 


1,000 

bu. 
26, 834 
21, 970 
36, 500 
47,500 
14, 800 
12, 100 

4,700 

1,700 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

( 2 ; 


1,000 
bu. 
204, 171 
371, 178 
322, 322 
394, 110 
371, 076 
403, 609 
514, 035 
280, 450 
176, 997 
207, 860 
203, 232 
259, 667 


1,000 

bu. 

9,677 
73, 123 
60,299 
35,014 
54, 375 
47, 365 
75, 521 
16, 987 

1,400 
170 
108 


1,000 

bu. 
162, 962 
215, 709 
166, 592 
127, 393 
164,400 
179, 692 
262, 006 
159, 214 
162,313 
188, 602 
204, 256 
207, 126 


1,000 

bu. 

2,563 

31,352 

12, 800 

3,000 

2,700 

2,600 

2,200 

( s ) 

0) 
10 
37 


1,000 
bu. 

75, 410 

76, 724 
98, 043 
91, 059 
85,003 
86, 269 
71,095 

85, 072 
88,088 
69, 761 

86, 122 
98,541 


1.000 
bu. 

19, 157 


1926-27 


27, 631 


1927-28 


30,400 


1928-29 

1929-30 . . 


15, 400 
18,400 


1930-31 


13,700 


1931-32 


14, 000 


1932-33 . 


2,200 


1933-34. . 


17, 399 


1934-35 


2,839 


1935-36 


166 


1936-37.. 









i Computed from total exports by customs districts on the basis of inspections of wheat for export by 
ports and classes in the United States and Canadian eastern grain division. 

3 Less than 500 bushels. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Estimated production by classes based on questionnaire surveys of local authorities, supplemented by 
judgment of cereal specialists. Inspection of United States wheat for export data furnished monthly by 
Federal grain supervision officers at the export markets. Inspections are made at the ports of export. 
Export figures from reports of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 21 

Table 11. — Wheat and wheat, including flour in terms of grain: Exports from the 
United States, by months, 1925-26 to 1936-37 

WHEAT, GRAIN 



Year 



1925-26.. 
1926-27.. 
1927-28.. 
1928-29.. 
1929-30.. 
1930-31-. 
1931-32.. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35.. 
1935-36 i 
1936-37 i 



July 



1,000 

bu. 

5,295 

16, 091 

8,397 

4,153 

8,691 

11,934 

12, 731 

3,208 

29 

826 

66 

26 



Aug. 



1,000 

bu. 

7,901 

29, 075 

23,418 

10, 374 

12, 094 

18,646 

8,911 

3,899 

21 

1,776 

8 

222 



Sept. 



1,000 

bu. 

9,391 

23,700 

33, 776 

17, 979 

13,104 

12, 716 

8,397 

2,479 

43 

108 

14 

487 



Oct. 



1,000 

bu. 

4,354 

17, 589 

29,236 

22, 058 

8, 

6,105 

11,873 

2,656 

24 

57 

13 

926 



Nov. 



1,000 

bu. 

4,696 

14, 340 

20, 731 

10, 562 

9,977 

3,266 

9,519 

3,714 

512 

152 

30 

21 



Dec. 



1,000 

bu. 

3,695 

9,622 

6,917 

7,641 

7,149 

2,713 

7,896 

1,729 

4,152 

32 

34 

50 



Jan. 



1,000 

bu. 

2,412 

8,078 

5,956 

3,399 

8,245 

1,290 

4,072 

1,793 

2,867 

14 

13 

33 



Feb. 



1,000 
bu. 
1,700 
4,889 
2,276 
3,214 
5,185 

137 
4,650 

729 

2,667 

4 

28 



Mar. 



1,000 

bu. 

3,770 

5,084 

2,740 

3,487 

2,414 

1,397 

5,749 

456 

3,065 

10 

29 



Apr. 



1,000 

bu. 

2,553 

11,363 

2,723 

3,942 

3,050 

3,531 

9,351 

194 

3,576 

30 

16 



May 



1,000 
bu. 
9,368 
8,960 
4,823 
11, 741 
5,433 
6,494 
7,284 

14 

1,457 

2 

34 



June Total 



1,000 
bu. 
8,074 
7,459 
5,006 
4,564 
8,066 
8,136 
6,088 

16 

387 

8 

26 



1,000 
bu. 

63, 189 
156, 250 
145, 999 
103, 114 
92, 175 
76, 365 
96, 521 
20,887 
18,800 
3,019 
311 



WHEAT, INCLUDING FLOUR IN TERMS OF GRAIN » 



1925-26-. 
1926-27.. 
1927-28-. 
1928-29.. 
1929-30-. 
1930-31.. 
1931-32-. 
1932-33.. 
1933-34.. 
1934-35.. 
1935-36 « 
1936-37 i 



8,944 


12, 007 


13, 152 


9,113 


8,794 


8,437 


5,587 


4,742 


7,039 


6,452 


12, 558 


11, 210 


19, 819 


35, 479 


31,031 


24,098 


20,655 


15, 301 


12, 821 


8,997 


9,183 


16, 138 


14, 123 


11,515 


12,100 


28,361 


39, 792 


36, 347 


27,003 


12, 197 


11, 809 


6,725 


7,492 


7,410 


8,793 


8,230 


7,193 


14, 754 


22, 772 


28, 567 


16, 195 


12,053 


9,833 


8,948 


9,090 


9,151 


16,128 


9,003 


13, 784 


17, 338 


18, 568 


14, 922 


15, 155 


12, 428 


14, 073 


9,535 


7,321 


7,438 


10, 208 


12, 475 


16. 377 


24, 413 


19, 352 


12,355 


8,701 


6,906 


5,731 


3,717 


4,757 


7,107 


10,203 


11, 856 


17, 454 


11,919 


11, 729 


15, 563 


13, 550 


12,100 


8,134 


7,995 


8,554 


11, 882 


8,831 


8,086 


4,841 


5,613 


4,226 


4,422 


5,985 


3,549 


3,313 


2,175 


2,015 


1,754 


1,523 


1,705 


1,391 


1,721 


1,530 


1,489 


1,930 


5,975 


4,570 


4,039 


4,733 


5,482 


2 727 


1,415 


2,168 


3,845 


2,190 


1,923 


1,936 


1,511 


1,257 


1,300 


1,500 


1,281 


1,426 


1,195 


1,232 


1,278 


1,324 


1,486 


1,320 


1,132 


1,202 


1,192 


1,424 


1,423 


1,534 


1,382 


1,389 


1,666 


2,415 


2,436 


1,285 


1,731 


1,576 


1,522 



















108, 035 
219, 160 
206, 259 
163, 687 
153,245 
131,475 
135, 797 
41, 211 
37,002 
21, 532 
15, 929 



i Preliminary. 

2 Includes flour exports made from foreign wheat milled in bond. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United 
States. 

The following factor has been used for converting flour into terms of wheat: 1 barrel of flour=the product 
of 4.7 bushels of grain. 



Table 12. 



Wheat: Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection points, 
United States, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



1926-27 
1927-28 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Total 



1,000 
bu. 
168, 040 
111,097 
161, 267 
234, 335 
221, 083 
219, 167 
112, 764 

94, 212 
113,525 

73, 048 
159, 309 



1,000 
bu. 
142, 833 
127, 877 
139, 714 
171, 098 
153, 923 
114, 427 
85, 520 
52, 980 
62,723 
119, 468 
65, 712 



1,000 
bu. 
96,534 
136, 744 
127, 237 
92,048 
95, 619 
69,; 
71, 789 
42, 772 
40, 054 
87, 118 
36, 820 



1,000 
bu. 

72. 182 
112,361 
130, 017 

64, 384 
54,806 
64,505 
46,244 

30. 183 



1,000 
bv. 
55, 067 
79, 464 
81, 352 
36, 369 
38,532 
49,83S 
32,003 
26, 925 
20, 997 
55,389,30,666 
32,660 24,068 



1,000 
bu. 
44,757 
53, 284 
68, 185 
45,790 
44,049 
33, 840 
28,071 
24, 338 
18, 872 



1,000 
bu. 
45,154 
46, 724 
46, 115 
32, 973 
53, 826 
38, 989 
25, 477 
24,824 
14, 853 



24,015,24,168 
25,344... 



1,000 
bu, 
47,062 
43, 395 
53,800 
40, 21c 
52, 491 
55, 105 
19, 592, 
24,591! 
13,254! 
14, 408 ' 



1,000 

bu. 

42, 770 

47, 274 
49, 912 
28,723 

48, 072 
27,238 
22, 970 30, 539 



1,000 

bu. 

37, 169 

33, 426 

34, 910 
25, 327 
37. 020 



24, 327 
16, 180 

22, 098 



20, 564 
19. 234 
15, 870 



1,000 
bu. 
43, 077 
41, 124 
40, 499 
34, 265 
52, 869 
34, 642 
45, 232 66, 641 
23,680173,381 
20,346 21,554 
18,340 41,328 



1,000 
bu. 
46, 321 
26, 480 
56,723 
62,466 
62, 660 



1,000 
bu. 
840, 966 
859, 250 
989, 731 
867, 993 
914, 950 
774, 408 
586, 842 
462, 777 
387, 252 
525, 916 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of licensed inspectors through district offices 
of Federal grain inspection. The quantity loaded per car varies, but car-lot receipts have been converted 
to bushels by using conversion factors for crop years as follows, 1926-27, 1,380; 1927-28, 1,399; 1928-29, 1,441; 
1929-30, 1,455; 1930-31, 1,477; 1931-32, 1,485; 1932-33, 1,479; 1933-34 to 1936-37, 1,500 bushels per car. 



22 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 13. — Wheat: Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection points, 
United States, by classes and grades, 1929-80 to 1985-86 



Class and year beginning July 



Hard red spring: 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

Durum: 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34. 

1934-35 

1935-36 

Red durum: 

1934-35 

1935-36 

Hard red winter: 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

Soft red winter: 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

White: 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

Mixed: 2 

1929-30. 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

Total: 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 



Grade 


No. 1 


No. 2 


No. 3 


No. 4 


No. 5 


Sample 


1,000 bu. 


1,000 bu. 


1,G00 bu. 


1,000 bu. 


1,000 bu. 


1,000 bu. 


85, 142 


27, 409 


14, 971 


3,088 


1,097 


6,270 


87, 418 


29, 508 


30, 859 


10, 742 


2,893 


1,059 


20, 809 


10, 508 


10, 428 


3,130 


1,579 


603 


61, 985 


29, 349 


29, 096 


5,496 


1,167 


808 


62, 685 


14, 237 


11, 728 


2,208 


1,002 


952 


i 27, 545 


9,390 


8,032 


1,557 


309 


4,614 


i 30, 854 


8,104 


7,994 


7,758 


12, 472 


39, 879 


4,858 


22, 676 


4,707 


2,120 


1,409 


985 


8,516 


32, 562 


4,616 


1,663 


579 


349 


1,286 


8,503 


1,298 


374 


153 


73 


3,235 


11, 740 


1,534 


413 


180 


86 


3,585 


7,295 


306 


72 


66 


172 


5,822 


2,778 


72 


10 


4 


78 


1,118 


2,476 


4,302 


4,617 


4,551 


1,662 


84 
76 


33 
1,010 


14 
840 


6 

250 




10 
62 


42 


110,932 


226, 191 


123, 928 


38, 070 


12, 865 


14, 575 


237, 604 


193, 528 


51, 537 


22, 161 


12, 027 


7,957 


261, 155 


229, 722 


52, 195 


12, 859 


9,942 


7,135 


96, 125 


145, 624 


45, 710 


13, 687 


10, 437 


6,542 


81,954 


85, 604 


20, 421 


4,378 


5,034 


4,719 


72, 014 


79, 950 


15, 591 


1,527 


382 


5,229 


68, 328 


86, 009 


36, 064 


14, 655 


8,250 


5,244 


5,522 


28, 879 


22, 013 


4,596 


1,085 


1,913 


40, 728 


14, 358 


2,758 


693 


445 


449 


17, 870 


38, 357 


12, 994 


3,533 


1,414 


1,488 


14, 385 


26, 156 


5,648 


1,056 


1,275 


1,254 


13, 849 


32, 564 


6,982 


1,445 


870 


1,051 


21, 768 


39, 112 


11, 346 


1,742 


417 


1,476 


8,208 


31, 593 


32, 790 


8,743 


2,210 


6,618 


14, 659 


25, 502 


4,105 


538 


147 


387 


13. 391 


29, 668 


5,819 


645 


148 


235 


13, 632 


21, 273 


5,267 


491 


94 


94 


8,192 


17, 177 


6,877 


1,239 


284 


371 


11, 172 


35, 670 


11,811 


1,650 


258 


484 


16, 928 


28, 178 


4,939 


387 


79 


303 


20, 643 


27, 480 


5,202 


1,207 


726 


1,046 


12, 520 


23,153 


12, 820 


4,381 


2,324 


2,156 


25, 100 


26, 800 


9,702 


5,206 


2,034 


1,193 


9,670 


10,042 


4,581 


992 


563 


301 


10, 613 


19, 103 


6,337 


1,707 


1,229 


725 


14, 198 


17, 246 


4,533 


844 


794 


938 


9,131 


12, 440 


2,848 


405 


90 


612 


5,222 


10, 515 


8,401 


3,976 


2,436 


2,283 


233, 633 


353,810 


182, 544 


52, 793 


18,927 


26,286 


412, 757 


326, 424 


105, 291 


41, 110 


18, 126 


11, 242 


324, 422 


318, 405 


86,763 


21, 379 


13, 745 


9,694 


194, 535 


249, 149 


95, 202 


23,598 


14, 572 


9,786 


187, 443 


192, 616 


55, 781 


10, 597 


8,024 


8,316 


153, 292 


171, 881 


42, 842 


5,634 


1,281 


12, 322 


134, 449 


167, 187 


95, 593 


41, 206 


30, 687 


56, 794 



i Includes 9,914,000 bushels of No. 1 Heavy 1934-35; 18,202,500 bushels, 1935-36. 
* Mixed durum included. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of licensed inspectors through district offices 
of Federal grain inspection. See 1927 Yearbook, table 15, and 1928 Yearbook, table 15, for data for earlier 
years. The quantity loaded per car varies, but car-lot receipts have been converted to bushels by using 
the following conversion factors: 1929-30, 1,455; 1930-31, 1,477; 1931-32, 1,485; 1932-33, 1,479; 1933-34 to 1935- 
36, 1,500 bushels per car. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



23 



Table 14. — Wheat: Commercial slocks, 1926-27 to 1936-37 
DOMESTIC WHEAT IN UNITED STATES i 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27. . . . 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
66, 340 
88, 581 
144, 351 
182, 226 
199, 649 
226, 874 
168, 465 
132,511 
90, 937 
76, 694 
62, 366 


1,000 

bushels 

56, 304 

78, 203 

129, 646 

168, 346 

202, 694 

217, 719 

155, 552 

116,472 

75, 274 

70, 254 


1,000 
bushels 
56, 262 
72, 858 
126, 377 
160, 674 
208, 651 
216, 282 
147, 132 
107, 233 
61, 751 
59, 926 


1,000 
bushels 
49, 910 
68, 791 
124, 756 
153, 122 
213, 583 
207, 215 
135, 552 
97, 132 
51, 882 
49, 919 


1,000 
bushels 

37, 667 

61,957 
113, 392 
135. 471 
206, 490 
186, 549 
124, 395 

88, 821 

39, 424 

40, 698 


1,000 
bushels 
26, 553 
48, 286 
96, 059 
120. 303 
209, 110 
176, 237 
117,536 
78, 967 
30, 775 
31, 174 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


21, 052 
38, 587 
90, 442 
109, 327 
203, 967 
168, 405 
123, 712 
80, 548 
21, 951 
25, 202 


33, 677 
63, 133 

136, 423 
161, 897 
235, 727 
175, 918 
134, 946 
115,922 

34, 739 
67, 305 


62, 042 
93, 870 

186, 847 
201, 319 
261, 742 
188, 342 
151, 738 
122, 380 
62, 495 
81, 048 


78, 811 
115, 469 
198, 211 
220,600 
256, 327 
194, 858 
156, 652 
120, 075 
79, 703 
82, 849 


89, 684 
139, 493 
202, 461 
211,381 
244, 043 
191, 829 
151, 294 
108, 518 
84, 326 
76, 423 


91, 589 
140, 172 
189, 926 
206, 618 
236, 616 
176, 428 
142, 187 
99, 158 
81, 173 
70, 314 















UNITED STATES WHEAT IN CANADA * 



1,362 

2,506 

3,332 

4,729 

15. 347 

15, 895 

4,047 









1,280 

2,258 

2,288 

3,961 

22, 934 

15, 364 

3,740 









4,249 

2,546 

4,450 

3,812 

32, 236 

11, 334 

3,672 









5,156 

8,280 

9,101 

4,790 

29, 414 

7,000 

2,251 

1,049 







1,067 

3,933 

7,328 

8,161 

4,819 

29, 153 

6, 938 

2,249 

1,049 







549 
2,285 
3,930 
7,517 
4,802 
28, 652 
6,742 
2,249 
1,049 




437 
1,680 
2,139 
6,613 
4,951 
27, 682 
6,554 
2, 235 
1,049 




378 

977 

1, 586 

5,860 

5,254 

27, 578 

6,403 

2,229 

1,049 





1,344 
2,314 
4,865 
4,359 
7,851 
17,481 
4,782 


200 





CANADDAN WHEAT IN CANADA 3 



38, 974 
82, 781 
94, 939 
110, 202 
107, 861 
134, 040 
194, 776 
179, 438 
187, 905 
119, 645 



331 



51. 744 
98, 041 
115, 126 
128. 020 
126, 601 
138, 616 
196. 382 
195, 084 
192, 175 
148, 564 



CANADIAN WHEAT IN UNITED STATES « 



7,472 
11, 132 
23. 196 
16, 435 
6,021 
4,532 
4,337 
10, 121 
9,279 
15,287 



4,835 
13, 610 
23, 550 
16, 468 
6,244 
4,707 
6.697 
9,727 
10, 507 
19, 117 



3,410 
3,789 
22, 025 
12, 603 
6,227 
5,581 
4,785 
10, 103 
18. 571 
18, 309 



3,784 

7,548 
21, 753 
17, 765 

9,116 
10, 988 

5,752 
14, 221 
20, 600 
19,010 



8,617 
18,291 
28, 316 
22, 112 
12, 596 
13,917 
10, 016 
17, 576 
32, 050 
22, 282 



31, 375 

33, 902 

34, 527 
30, 297 
23, 480 
15, 197 
14, 767 
23, 569 

32, 845 
23, 953 



23, 394 
35, 764 
46, 717 
38,000 
32, 266 
25, 212 

13, 575 

14, 038 
27, 563 
34, 959 
25, 121 



14, 500 

25, 649 
38, 327 
35, 517 

26, 954 
21, 905 
10, 996 

9,798 
24, 963 
28, 620 



9, 5321 
19, 260 
32, 851 
31,516 
18, 085 
14,589 
7,792 
9,171 
21, 485 
23, 117 



6,650 
11, 848 
23, 854 
25, 285 
11, 554 
11,426 
5,992 
5,653 
16, 321 
15, 0S4 



10, 724 
6,597 
28, 772 
17, 587 
2,766 
4, 619 
2,497 
1,519 
11,919 
11, 889 



14, 466 
11,549 
25, 538 
14, 372 
5,926 
5, 958 
4,609 
5,253 
9,370 
13, 382 



1 Domestic wheat in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and wheat afloat in vessels or 
barges in harbors of lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of the month. 

1 United States wheat in store at 15 Canadian points or afloat in vessels or barges in harbors of lake and 
seaboard ports, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

3 Canadian wheat in Canada exclusive of farm stocks, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

4 Canadian wheat in store and afloat at 16 United States lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 
1st of the month. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



24 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 15. — Wheat: Supply, distribution, and disappearance in continental United 
States, 1923-24 to 1936-37 



SUPPLY 





Stocks July 1 


New crop 


Imports 
(flour in- 
cluded) 3 




Crop year beginning 
July 


On farms 


In coun- 
try eleva- 
tors and 
mills 


Com- 
mercial 
stocks i 


In mer- 
chant 
mills and 
elevators 

and 

stored for 

others 2 


Total 


Total 
supply 


1923-24 


1,000 

bushels 
35,239 
29. 349 
28, 638 
27, 071 
26, 640 
19,588 
45, 106 
60. 216 
37, 867 
93, 769 
82. 882 
62.516 
44. 339 
43,988 


1,000 
bushels 
37, 117 
36, 626 
25. 287 

29. 501 
21,776 
19, 277 
41. 546 
60, 166 

30. 252 
41, 585 
64. 296 
48, 150 

31. 799 
22, 476 


1,000 

bushels 

28, 956 

38, 112 

28,900 

16, 148 

21, 052 

38, 587 

90.442 

109. 327 

203, 967 

168, 405 

123.712 

80, 548 

21,951 

20,622 


1,000 
bushels 
31, 000 
33,000 
25, 576 
27. 505 

40. 038 
34. 920 
51, 279 
59, 170 

41, 202 
71. 714 

107, 052 
83, 114 

47. 529 

48, 556 


1,000 
bushels 
132, 312 
137. 087 

108, 401 
100, 225 

109, 506 
112,372 
228, 373 
288, 879 
313. 288 
375, 473 
377. 942 
274. 328 
145. 618 
135, 642 


1,000 

bushels 
759. 482 
841, 617 
668. 700 
832, 213 
875. 059 
914. 373 
823, 217 
886. 470 
941. 674 
756, 927 
551. 683 
526. 393 
626. 344 
626. 461 


1,000 
bushels 

14, 578 
304 

1,747 

188 
91 
53 

354 
7 
10 

153 

15, 569 
34, 685 


1,000 

bushels 

906, 372 

979, 008 

778, 848 

932,515 

984, 753 

1. 026, 836 

1, 051, 643 

1 175 703 


1924-25 


1925-26 .. 


1926-27... . — 


1927-28 _ 


1928-29 


1929-30 

1930-31 


1931-32... 


1, 254, 969 
1 132 410 


1932-33 


1933-34 . 


929 778 


1934-35 


816, 290 
806, 647 


1935-36 . 


1936-37 









DISTRIBUTION 





Exports and shipments 3 


Disappearance 


Carry- 
over 6 


Per 
capita 


Crop year 

beginning 
July 


Exports 
(wheat 
only) 


Exports 
flour as 
wheat 


Ship- 
ments 
(flour 
includ- 
ed) * 


Total 


Seed 


Feed 

(fed on 
farms of 

wheat 
growers) 


Foods 
and com- 
mercial 

feeds 5 


Total 


disap- 
pear- 
ance 
(total 
less 
seed) 


1923-24 

1924-25 

1925-26 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 


1,000 
bushels 
78, 793 
195. 490 
63, 189 
156. 250 
145, 999 
103, 114 
92, 175 
76, 365 
96. 521 
20, 887 
18.800 
3,019 
311 


1,000 
bushels 
67, 213 
59, 478 
31, 428 
49, 761 
45, 228 
38, 106 
48, 179 
36, 063 
26, 376 
10.979 
6,798 
7,512 
3,896 


1,000 
bushels 
2.973 
2,871 
2,741 
3,082 
2,692 
3,172 
2.983 
2,850 
2,757 
3,023 
2.779 
2,783 
2,908 


1,000 

bushels 

148, 979 

257, 839 

97, 358 

209, 093 

193, 919 

144, 392 

143. 337 

115,278 

125, 654 

34,889 

28, 377 

13,314 

7,115 


1,000 

bushels 
74, 103 
79. 903 
78. 843 
83, 279 
89. 879 
83, 677 
83, 353 
80, 886 
80,049 
81,161 
75, 511 
82, 467 
88, 373 


1,000 
bushels 
66, 857 
55, 956 
28, 214 
34. 262 
44, 500 
55,315 
59, 323 
157, 188 
173, 727 
124.912 
72. 261 
83, 593 
97, 533 


1,000 
bushels 
479, 346 
476. 909 
474, 208 
496. 375 
544, 083 
515,079 

476, 751 
509, 063 
500, 066 
513, 506 
479, 301 
491, 298 

477, 984 


1,000 

bushels 
620, 306 
612, 768 
581, 265 
613,916 
678. 462 
654. 071 
619, 427 
747, 137 
753, 842 
719, 579 
627, 073 
657, 358 
663, 890 


1,000 
bushels 
137, 087 

108, 401 
100, 225 

109, 506 
112,372 
228, 373 
288, 879 
313, 288 
375, 473 
377, 942 
274, 328 
145, 618 
135, 642 


Bushels 
4.9 
4.7 
4.3 
4.5 
4.9 
4.7 
4.4 
5.4 
5.4 
5.1 
4.4 
4.5 
4.5 



1 1923 to 1926 Bradstreets, excluding country elevator stocks. 

2 Stocks in merchant mills and elevators: 1923 and 1924 estimated in absence of actual figures, 1925 to date, 
Bureau of Census raised to represent all merchant mills. Stored for others; 1923 to 1929 estimated in absence 
of actual figures: 1930 to date, Bureau of Census raised to represent all merchant mills. 

3 From reports of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the United States: Imports include full-duty 
wheat, wheat paying a duty of 10 percent ad valorem, and flour in terms of wheat; exports include only 
flour made from domestic wheat; 1923-35 estimated on basis of total exports less wheat imported for milling 
in bond and export adjusted for changes in carry-over; 1935-36 figure for exports of flour wholly from domestic 
wheat. 

* Shipments are to Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands (Virgin Islands prior to Dec. 31, 
1934, included with domestic exports). 

4 Balancing item. 

6 For individual items see Supply section. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



25 



Table 16. — Wheat: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


July 
15 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


De". 
15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 

1927-28 


Cents 
127.7 
127.3 
118.1 
101.6 
70.6 
36.3 
35.6 
86.9 
78.8 
76.4 
94.1 


Cents 
125.1 
123.5 
95.2 
110.0 
74.0 
35.4 
38.5 
74.7 
89.6 
80.8 
105.1 


Cents 
117.7 
119.2 
94.4 
111.4 
70.3 
35.7 
37.4 
71.1 
92.2 
85.2 
104.3 


Cents 
121.4 
113.7 
98.7 
110.7 
65.6 
36.1 
34.6 
63.6 
88.5 
95.1 
106.8 


Cents 
123.6 
111.4 
97.1 
102.8 
60.0 
50.5 
32.8 
71.1 
88.1 
87.6 
106.4 


Cents 
122.8 
113.9 
98.2 
107.3 
61.3 
44.1 
31.6 
67.3 
90.6 
89.0 
114.5 


Cents 
122.2 
115.2 
98.5 
107.5 
59.1 
44.1 
32.9 
69.4 
89.3 
92.0 


Cents 
122.8 
116.2 
104.2 
101.3 
58.7 
44.0 
32.3 
72.0 
87.9 
91.1 


Cents 
120.9 
121.6 
104.7 
91.9 
58.3 
44.2 
34.5 
70.9 
85.5 
89.5 


Cents 
117.2 
129.2 
99.8 
93.4 
59.2 
43.1 
44.8 
68.7 
90.2 
85.4 


Cents 
123.2 
144.3 
90.1 
87.5 
59.9 
42.4 
59.0 
69.5 
87.8 
81.6 


Cents 
130.1 
132.0 
86.8 
87.9 
51.9 
37.3 
58.7 
78.9 
77.3 
79.9 


Cents 
121.7 
119.0 


1928-29 


99.8 


1929-30 


103. 6 


1930-31 


67.1 


1931-32 .. 


39.0 


1932-33 


38.2 


1933-34 


74.4 


1934-35 


84.8 


1935-36 


83.2 


1936-37 


i 99.7 



















1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices by 
States weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 issue 
of Crops and Markets, p. 530. 



Table 17.— Wheat: 



Average price per bushel, selected markets and grades 
1900-1901 to 1985-36 



Crop year beginning July— 


Minne- 
apolis 
No. 1 
Northern 
Spring 


Minne- 
apolis 
No. 2 
Amber 
Durum 


St. Louis, 

No. 2 

Red 

Winter 


Kansas 
City 
No. 2 
Hard 

Winter 


Chicago 
No. 2 
Hard 

Winter 


New 
York 
No. 2 
Hard 
Winter > 


Liver- 
pool, im- 
ported 2 


1900-1901 


Cents 
75 
72 
74 
89 
113 
84 
83 
v 107 
111 
109 
105 
107 
87 
88 
120 
109 
176 
220 
225 
272 
207 
143 
120 
117 
156 
161 
146 
136 
118 
133 
83 
68 
60 
94 
113 
119 


Cents 


Cents 

74 

72 

71 

87 

103 

90 

76 

94 

104 

113 

99 

94 

105 

89 

110 

120 

163 

223 

223 

230 

213 

127 

121 

107 

159 

169 

138 

149 

139 

130 

83 

52 

55 

94 

94 

95 


Cents 
67 
68 
68 
77 
97 
80 
72 
93 
99 
107 
98 
97 
88 
84 
105 
119 
71 
252 
219 
242 
183 
120 
113 
105 
135 
163 
135 
135 
112 
120 
76 
47 
51 
88 
98 
105 


Cents 

72 

71 

73 

81 

101 

86 

76 

96 

100 

109 

100 

94 

94 

89 

111 

114 

157 

228 

234 

227 

216 

128 

113 

106 

139 

161 

140 

138 

117 

130 

84 

53 

53 

94 

102 

104 


Cents 

84 

82 

85 

98 

120 

96 

92 

116 

122 

120 

104 

110 

103 

99 

136 

128 

208 

240 

237 

255 

210 

135 

131 

121 

170 

180 

156 

153 

131 

126 

3 92 

68 

69 

106 

119 

125 


Cents 

87 


1901-2 




87 


1902-3 




89 


1903-4 

1904-5 


69 

92 

70 

64 

85 

95 

90 

87 

98 

85 

83 

122 

104 

180 

218 

222 

249 

200 

119 

107 

106 

156 

144 

155 

132 

113 

119 

78 

76 

58 

103 

138 

113 


90 
»95 


1905-6 


<98 


1906-7 


93 


1907-8 


110 


1908-9 


120 


1909-10 


120 


1910-11 


107 


1911-12 


112 


1912-13 . 


114 


1913-14 


106 


1914-15 

1915-16 


157 
175 


1916-17 


224 


1917-18 


235 


1918-19 


240 


1919-20 


215 


1920-21 


223 


1921-22 


151 


1922-23 


144 


1923-24 


•127 


1924-25 


181 


1925-26 


176 


1926-27 


163 


1927-28 


152 


192S-29 


128 


1929-30 


129 


1930-31 


80 


1931-32 


59 


1932-33 


54 


1933-34 


68 


1934-35 


81 


1935-36 


90 



i 1900-1901 to 1908-9 averages of monthly high and low from Annual Statistical Report New York 
Produce Exchange of No. 1 Northern Spring; 1909-10 to date averages of daily closing prices in the cash 
market from New York Journal of Commerce. 

s Compiled from Broomhall's Yearbooks and Corn Trade News. 1900-1901 to 1925-26 imported red; 
1926-27 to date; average of all parcels at Liverpool. 

3 Average for 6 months. 4 Average for 10 months. * Average for 11 months. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

The prices at Chicago, Minneapolis, Kansas City, and St. Louis are weighted averages. New York 
and Liverpool are simple averages. The weighted average prices are compiled from daily trade papers of 
markets named. 



26 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 18. — Wheat: Weighted average price per bushel of reported cash sales at 
Minneapolis, St. Louis, Kansas City, and six markets combined, 1926-27 to 
1936-S7 



Grade, market, 
and year 



No.l Dark North- 
ern Spring, 
Minneapolis: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

No. 2 Amber Du- 
rum, Minneap- 
olis: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30. 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

No. 2 Red Win- 
ter, St. Louis: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

No. 2 Hard Win- 
ter, Kansas 
City: 

392*3-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

6 markets, all 
classes and 
grades: 1 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31.. 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



July 



Cents 
175 
158 
147 
150 
96 
65 



154 
153 

123 
135 

87 
61 
54 

108 
132 
105 
143 



142 
141 
147 
139 
85 
48 
47 
101 
92 
87 
106 



137 
136 
120 
125 
80 
44 
45 
98 
93 
99 
111 



141.6 
.7 

126.0 

129.8 
82.6 
46.5 
47.6 

100.3 
94.6 
96.7 

109.7 



Aug, 



Cents 
156 
150 
124 
138 
92 



153 

140 

108 

127 

86 

73 

57 

102 

144 

115 

149 



134 
142 
338 
132 
89 
47 
53 
92 
101 
92 
117 



131 
135 
100 
123 
SI 
43 
48 
90 
107 
104 
122 



135.3 
136.4 
109.4 
125.7 
84.7 
50.6 
55.1 
92.3 
114.7 
97.6 
126.6 



Sept 



Cents 
148 
137 
126 
137 
87 
71 
59 
90 
121 
133 
146 



138 

128 
106 
128 

79 
73 
53 
100 
151 
111 
137 



132 
131 

107 
124 
78 
43 
48 
87 
108 
115 
122 



135.6 

128.7 

108.9 

127.4 

79.0 

55.7 

55.1 

89.1 

119.2 

102.7 

136.8 



Oct. 



Cents 
153 
134 
123 
132 
83 
72 
54 
85 
115 
134 
148 



140 
145 
144 
132 
87 
52 
50 
86 
100 
110 
121 



139 
128 
110 
122 
74 
48 
45 
83 
102 
119 
122 



139.4 

125. 1 

107.0 

123.7 

76.0 

58.4 

51.2 

84.3 

113.8 

107. 3 

128.9 



Cents 
148 
134 
124 
130 
75 
80 
50 
87 
114 
128 
144 



161 
12S 
114 
119 

70 
87 
50 

100 
142 
113 
148 



130 
141 
145 
129 
S3 
62 
47 
90 
101 
105 
123 



43 
SI 
102 
113 
122 



137.7 
125.6 
109.1 
121.2 
69.8 
68.7 
48.8 
86.7 
113.2 
97.8 
127.5 



Dec. 



174 

133 

110 

123 

74 

84 

50 

97 

141 

112 

178 



137 
144 
139 
135 
S3 
57 
46 
87 
104 
106 
135 



138 
132 
111 
121 

71 
52 

42 
SO 
104 
111 
134 



Jan. 



Cents Cents 
148 147 



139.5 
128.0 
107.4 
123.5 
72.5 
60.0 
46.1 
83.0 
112.2 
100.0 
139.3 



16S 
130 
127 
119 
72 
87 
52 
111 
144 
120 



137 

133 

114 

119 

69 

53 

44 

84 

101 

113 



138.8 
131.0 
113.7 
121.6 
71.4 
61.3 
48.4 
88.3 
111.5 
106.6 



Feb. 



Cents 

146 

142 

136 

125 

76 

77 

50 

90 

115 

131 



160 
129 
129 
111 
73 
86 
51 
109 
136 
121 



135 
156 
140 
123 

79 
57 
49 
91 
98 
109 



135 
133 
118 
113 

69 

54 

44 
85 
100 
110 



136.2 
132.0 
118.1 
115.8 
70.9 
59.0 
47.9 
90.9 
112.1 
107.1 



Mar 



Cents 
143 
147 
132 
115 
76 
72 
54 
89 
113 
124 



157 

133 

124 

97 

72 

78 

57 

110 

128 

114 



130 
109 
135 
118 
78 
55 
55 
89 
95 
108 



133 
138 
116 

102 
70 
51 

48 
82 
97 
106 



133.6 
136.6 
114.2 
103.9 
71.4 
57.8 
53.1 
88.1 
105.7 
.1 



Apr. 



May 



June 



Cents 
141 
163 
129 
114 



154 
141 
118 
99 
73 
72 
68 
97 
133 
106 



129 
196 

125 
117 
SO 
57 
69 
S3 
97 
107 



131 

152 
110 
101 
73 
53 
60 
78 
105 
102 



134.7 
150.7 
109.2 
102.5 
74.5 
60.1 
64.4 
82.8 
112.5 
94.9 



Cents 
153 
164 
121 
110 
82 
72 
76 
94 
116 
114 



153 
140 
108 
97 
77 
67 
74 
109 
118 
100 



142 
190 
117 
114 
79 
50 
81 
87 
93 
102 



142 
ISO 
101 
99 
73 
54 
70 



95 



145.1 
151.4 
101.1 
100.9 
75.5 
60.8 
73.4 
93.7 
108.0 
90.0 



Cents 
157 
153 
123 
105 
76 
64 
81 
104 
105 
124 



157 
131 
115 
83 
64 
56 
73 
112 
103 
112 



144 
147 
105 
89 
68 
46 
76 
89 
88 
90 



148.6 
141.8 
105.3 
94.1 
66.8 
52.8 
77.7 
94.9 
96.5 
96.1 



Weight- 
ed aver- 



1 The markets are Chicago, Minneapolis, Kansas City, St. Louis, Omaha, and Duluth. Compiled from 
daily trade papers of markets named. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; computed by weighting selling price by number of car lots sold, as 
reported in Minneapolis Daily Market Record, St. Louis Daily Market Reporter, and Kansas City Grain 
Market Review. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 22. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



27 



Table 19. — Wheat: Average spot price per bushel in specified exporting countries 
and in England, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Description, mar- 
ket, and year 



July 



Aug. 



Sept. 



Oct. 



Nov, 



Dec. 



Feb. 



Mar, 



Apr. 



May 



June 



Aver- 
ago 



Canadian No. 3, 
Northern Mani- 
toba, at Winni- 
peg: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Argentine No. 2, 
semihard, at 
Buenos Aires: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37' 

Australian milling, 
at Sydney: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

English, imported 
parcels, at Liver- 
pool: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37— 



Cents 
149 
153 
120 
152 
90 
49 
43 
75 
78 
73 



159 
147 
131 
123 



160 
132 
12S 
124 
88 
42 
43 
62 
5$ 
57 



167 
161 
141 
141 
104 
62 
54 
79 
76 
2 81 

2 100 



Cents 
138 
145 
108 

152 



160 
147 
120 
123 
98 
45 
49 
60 
74 
66 
108 



167 
134 
116 
128 
86 
40 
45 
56 
66 
01 
93 



162 
160 
126 
142 
106 
53 
57 
67 
94 
2 86 

2 115 



Cents 
133 
131 
106 
144 
74 
43 
43 
61 
79 
83 
100 



159 
143 
118 
122 
87 
42 
50 
62 
66 
76 
101 



160 
151 
126 
137 
91 
53 
59 
73 
86 
2 91 
2 114 



Cents 
136 
127 
111 
134 
68 
45 
41 
54 
73 
82 
107 



163 
140 
120 
122 
77 
44 
47 
56 
58 
80 
101 



1,54 
123 
112 
127 
61 



171 

149 

129 

136 

86 

58 

55 

2 60 

77 

2 99 

2 119 



Cents 
131 
124 
111 
126 
60 
52 
38 
60 
75 
77 
105 



154 
139 
118 

119 



135 
133 
113 
121 

58 
48 
38 
54 
49 
67 
94 



171 
147 
129 
127 
81 
67 
52 
68 
76 
> 86 
2 115 



Cents 
123 
124 
109 
130 
48 
43 
32 
55 
74 
76 
115 



135 
132 
112 
124 
58 



131 
134 
112 
126 
54 
43 
35 
53 
52 
69 
104 



163 
148 
126 
141 
74 
57 
49 
65 
81 
2 93 
129 



Cents 
123 
123 
112 
123 
47 
44 
35 
59 
72 
79 
120 



129 
132 
113 
124 
52 
44 
39 
52 
57 
92 



128 
131 
111 
119 
44 
43 
37 
51 
56 
74 



Cents 

127 

124 

120 

110 

53 

48 

35 

61 

72 

76 

121 



130 
129 
1.' 6 
114 
53 
46 
38 
52 
56 
91 
100 



123 
125 
113 
112 
40 
44 
37 
49 
57 
71 



160 
149 
131 
140 
68 



78 



Cents 

130 

131 

119 

100 

50 

49 

38 

62 

74 

75 

130 



132 
132 
114 

107 
52 

48 



Cents 

133 

141 

115 

103 

54 

50 

43 

61 

80 

74 



Cents 

146 

142 

107 

104 

53 

49 

53 

65 

78 

71 



Cents 

149 

130 

112 

98 

53 

43 

57 

72 

74 

73 



133 
140 
111 
112 
52 
49 
41 
54 
65 



145 

144 

103 

109 

51 

50 

48 

53 

64 



123 
132 
111 
104 
40 
45 
38 
51 
59 
72 



132 
135 
110 
105 
42 
46 
40 
52 
64 
73 



133 
136 

104 
102 
47 
47 
48 
52 
03 
73 



157 
146 
135 
125 
70 
60 
47 
66 
2 76 
91 
125 



155 
151 
131 
117 
67 
64 
47 
67 
80 
92 
136 



156 
159 
125 
120 
71 
64 
52 
68 
2 80 
«89 



165 
155 
116 
115 
72 
61 
61 
67 
2 84 
87 



147 
137 
100 
104 
51 
48 
50 
57 
62 
91 



165 
147 
117 
110 
67 
55 
63 
67 
79 



Cents 
135 
133 
112 

123 

62 
47 
42 
62 
76 
77 



146 
138 
115 
117 
66 
47 
44 
56 
61 
82 



140 
132 
112 
116 
56 
43 
42 
53 
58 



163 

152 

128 

129 

80 

59 

54 

2 68 

2 81 

2 90 



1 No wheat exported from Argentina to England for period March-September 1936, during part of which 
time fixed prices at Buenos Aires were higher than Liverpool prices. 
3 Excluding occasional "on sample" prices. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in original currencies and units as follows: Canada- 
July 1926-July 1928, Reports on the Grain Trade of Canada, Winnipeg, annual. August 1928 to date, 
Minneapolis Daily Market Record. Monthly prices are averages of daily cash closing prices, in store at 
Fort William and Port Arthur. Argentina— Revista de la Bolso de Cereales, Buenos Aires, weekly. Aver- 
ages of daily prices described as follows: July 1, 1926-July 27, 1934, Barletta, for Brazil and/or consumption; 
July 28, 1934-Dec. 28, 1935, "Brazil"; January 1936 to date, No. 2, semihard. Grade wherever given de- 
scribed as 80 kg per hectoliter. Average of daily official market prices in car on dock for merchandise of 
export grade. Australia— July 1926-June 1931, Statistical Register of New South Wales, annual; July 1931 
to date, New South Wales Statistical Bulletin, Sydney, quarterly. No description given as to how monthly 
averages are computed. England— Broomhall's Corn Trade News, Liverpool, daily. Averages of daily 
sales prices of parcels at Liverpool. Parcels are less than cargo lots. 

Price converted to cents per bushel of 60 pounds at current monthly rate? of exchange as reported by the 
Federal Reserve Board (Canadian and English prices converted at par prior to September 1931). Annual 
averages compiled from monthly prices carried to one decimal. For earlier Winnipeg and Liverpool prices, 
see the 1930 Yearbook, tables 22 and 23. 



28 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 20.— Wheat. 



Volume of trading in futures at all contract markets, 1 by 
months and crop years, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29. 
1929-30. 
1930-31. 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35. 
1935-36. 
1936-37. 



July 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
1,438 
1,018 
996 
2,889 
1,306 
677 
592 
2,000 
1,089 
1,158 
1,329 



Aug. 



Mil- 
lion 

bu. 

1,226 

1,144 

1,133 

2,265 

1,531 

647 
1,214 

820 
1,273 

917 
1,032 



Sept. 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
1,156 
923 
818 
1,401 
1,216 
519 
831 
802 
605 
902 



Oct. 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
1,090 
918 
916 
1,738 
1,160 
925 
714 
989 
758 
1,075 
515 



Nov. 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
1,227 
838 
750 
1,805 
1,094 
1,479 
725 
917 
614 
627 
519 



Dec. 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
972 
543 
517 
1,608 
529 
864 
488 
529 
542 
570 
1,164 



Jan. 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
704 
384 
1,085 
1,334 
347 
654 
518 
519 
479 
448 



Feb. 
Mil- 
lion 

bu. 

581 
508 
892 
1,484 
369 
770 
365 
383 
280 
322 



Mar. 
Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
920 
923 
1,083 
1,201 
433 
859 
551 
373 
433 



Apr. 



Mil- 
lion 



1,590 

1,361 

1,501 

706 

1,127 

1,548 

632 

733 

801 



May 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
1,260 
1,471 
1,253 
1,004 
635 
787 
1,483 
1,046 
638 
591 



June 
Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
1,164 
941 
1,391 
1,377 
737 
840 
1,864 
1,084 
652 
768 



Total 



Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
12, 584 
11,201 
12, 195 
19, 607 
10, 063 
10, 147 
10, 890 
10, 093 
8,097 
8,644 



1 Grain exchanges fulfilling conditions of the Commodity Exchange Act respecting location, facilities, 
and rules and which have been designated "contract markets" by the Secretary of Agriculture. Trading 
in grain futures on exchanges in the United States is limited by the act to contract markets. Contract 
markets conducting trading in wheat futures are shown in table 21. 

Commodity Exchange Administration. 



Table 21.— Wheat: 



Volume of trading in futures at contract markets, by markets 
and by crop years, 1926-27 to 1935-36 



Year begin- 
ning July 1 


Chi- 
cago 

Board 
of 

Trade 


Chi- 
cago 
Open 

Board 
of 

Trade 


Min- 
neapo- 
lis 

Cham- 
ber of 
Com- 
merce 


Kan- 
sas 
City 
Board 

of 
Trade 


Du- 
luth 

Board 
of 

Trade 


St. 
Louis 
Mer- 
chants 

Ex- 
change 


Mil- 
wau- 
kee 
Grain 
and 
Stock 
Ex- 
change 


Seattle 
Grain 
Ex- 
change 


Port- 
land 
Grain 
Ex- 
change 


New 

York 
Pro- 
duce 
Ex- 
change 


Oma- 
ha 

Grain 
Ex- 
change 
0) 


Hutch- 
inson 
Board 

of 
Trade 


1926-27 .. _. 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
10, 620 
9,203 
9,908 
16, 599 
8,360 
8,566 
9,093 
8,399 
6,798 
7,272 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
429 
342 
387 
466 
297 
334 
267 
249 
128 
132 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
632 
824 
887 
1,248 
581 
364 
589 
605 
457 
526 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
502 
441 
576 
875 
515 
773 
799 
735 
678 
666 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
155 
272 
377 
328 
220 
67 
102 
72 
16 
31 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
69.5 
53.2 
27.6 
22.2 

8.8 
15.2 
10.8 

6.1 
.7 

1.8 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
20.7 
27.6 
25.0 
39.3 
15.3 
17.6 
19.4 
18.7 
13.4 
12.9 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
6.9 
7.4 
7.9 
14.4 
12.2 
5.4 
5.4 
6.0 
3.6 
2.8 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 

"~0.l~ 

15.0 

12.8 

2.9 

3.1 

3.3 

1.4 

.7 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 
148.8 
29.1 


Mil- 
lion 
bushels 


Mil- 
lion 
busheu 


1927-28.. 




1928-29 







1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 


~~25.T 
1.0 


( 2 ) 
15.3 
.1 


»1. 3 
1.4 


1933-34 






.2 


1934-35 






.4 


1935-36 






.5 



i Trading on Omaha Grain Exchange started June 16, 1930, and was suspended Dec. 7, 1932. 
2 Less than 50,000 bushels. 

s Trading on Hutchinson Board of Trade began May 16, 1932, ceased Sept. 12, 1936. License surrendered 
Oct. 26, 1936. 

Commodity Exchange Administration. 



Table 22. — Wheat: Open commitments in 
Trade, semimonthly, Jan. 



all futures co 
15, 1926-Dec 



mbined, Chicago Board of 
31, 1936 



Date 


1926 


1927 


192S 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


Jan. 15. .. 


112 


89 


83 


116 


196 


132 


116 


134 


129 


111 


109 


Jan. 31 


109 


88 


84 


115 


201 


134 


113 


133 


134 


105 


109 


Feb. 15.... 


108 


88 


86 


128 


194 


133 


117 


132 


131 


99 


103 


Feb. 28— 


105 


89 


88 


142 


178 


135 


126 


129 


126 


96 


103 


Mar. 15— 


100 


90 


85 


146 


173 


130 


130 


125 


120 


92 


100 


Mar. 31—. 


92 


82 


95 


143 


168 


127 


126 


127 


116 


84 


99 


Apr. 15--. 


97 


82 


101 


147 


165 


126 


120 


136 


113 


81 


94 


Apr. 30 


93 


69 


122 


133 


140 


115 


114 


148 


96 


73 


83 


May 15.-. 


89 


68 


102 


127 


132 


93 


110 


150 


90 


70 


74 


May 31... . 


73 


68 


93 


134 


125 


70 


112 


151 


91 


73 


66 


June 15. . 


87 


75 


93 


125 


127 


78 


112 


160 


103 


74 


62 


June 30 


89 


72 


87 


140 


105 


79 


106 


164 


117 


71 


56 


July 15_ — 


89 


82 


85 


164 


110 


88 


111 


191 


140 


73 


70 


July 31..- 


82 


75 


102 


210 


126 


86 


121 


167 


158 


90 


89 


Aug. 15.... 


101 


85 


112 


218 


143 


95 


139 


163 


163 


101 


92 


Aug. 31— 


107 


79 


113 


216 


142 


96 


157 


150 


158 


108 


91 


Sept. 15--. 


100 


83 


116 


230 


162 


95 


162 


151 


153 


113 


89 


Sept. 30. - - 


96 


85 


111 


243 


167 


94 


171 


158 


147 


116 


95 


Oct. 15 


100 


89 


123 


246 


174 


98 


165 


152 


135 


124 


98 


Oct. 31 


104 


89 


125 


221 


185 


121 


155 


137 


133 


129 


102 


Nov. 15— 


110 


94 


130 


198 


184 


127 


155 


142 


133 


131 


102 


Nov. 30— 


103 


84 


133 


190 


161 


123 


139 


138 


128 


125 


100 


Dec. 15-.- 


96 


75 


128 


190 


155 


118 


139 


138 


125 


118 


94 


Dec. 31_ — 


1 92 


74 


129 


184 


1 145 


115 


133 


133 


119 


110 


102 



Commodity Exchange Administration. 

The maximum open commitments in Chicago wheat futures during period shown were 248,291,000 bushels, 
Oct. 16, 1929; the minimum open commitments were 53,568,000 bushels, June 23, 1936. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



29 



Table 23. — Wheat, including flour, in terms of grain: International trade, average 
1925-26 to 1929-30, annual 1982-83 to 1935-36 





Year beginning July 


Country 


Average 1925- 
26 to 1929-30 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 i 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Canada. ._ 


1,000 
bushels 
307, 640 
170,077 
159, 377 
83, 268 
23, 539 

17, 731 

10, 822 

10, 080 

6,528 

5, 153 

3,518 

1,869 

925 


1,000 
bushels 
796 
15,815 

* 10 
3 
8 


5 

8,636 

79 

1,737 

669 

• 1, 804 

456 


1,000 
bushels 
267, 342 

41,211 

120, 272 

148, 552 

7,010 

19, 676 
1,162 
2,169 
« 179 

11, 505 

7,672 

3,144 

27 


1,000 
bushels 
167 
9,382 

3 
3 

2,726 

~~2~370 

824 

1,655 

576 



2,086 


1,000 
bushels 
198, 555 

37, 002 
144, 854 

86, 509 

29, 615 

33, 787 

839 

2,084 

5 248 

12, 435 

2, 613 

4,236 

693 


1,000 
bushels 
321 
3 11,494 

2 


247 

""486 

5 18 
467 

1, 843 


1,839 


1,000 
bushels 
169, 630 

21, 532 
187, 000 
108, 009 

12, 499 

4,286 
4,401 
2,318 
5 3, 432 
14, 029 
4,583 
376 
1,556 


1,000 

bushels 

970 

25, 134 

..... 



2,198 

""540 
5 7 
612 
315 

836 


1,000 
bushels 
237, 447 

15, 929 

76, 577 
105, 479 

14, 649 

29, 704 

740 

2,556 

5 6, 390 

11, 323 

7,709 

988 

2, 359 


1,000 
bushels 
312 


United States 2 


46, 663 


Argentina 






Hungary ... 




Union of Soviet Socialist Re- 
publics ._ 


1,082 


Yugoslavia. .. ._ 




British India.. . . 


805 


Rumania 


j 4 


Algeria.. 


925 


Tunisia .. . 


331 


Bulgaria.. .. 





Chile 


111 






Total 


800, 527 


30, 018 


629, 921 


18, 992 


553, 470 


16,717 


533, 651 


30, 616 


511,850 


50, 233 


PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United Kingdom. . 


11,369 

11, 527 

2,014 

4,170 

2,452 



943 

^ 1, 862 

( 8 ) 

5,989 



418 

10 74 



116 

162 

524 

2,004 


215, 665 
85, 668 
76, 212 
46, 574 
43, 482 
32, 839 
30, 050 
1 23,486 

( 8 ) 

23,158 

20, 055 

18,604 

18, 502 

16, 461 

16, 275 

10, 448 

10, 102 

9,092 

6,964 

6,317 

5,705 

5,390 

5,189 

4,820 

3,328 

2,710 

2,027 

1,658 

1,177 

1,062 


10, 138 

25, 290 

8, 295 

9,104 

3,847 



900 

2,722 


227, 115 
34, 049 
21,454 
47, 9S1 
44, 910 
30, 473 
27, 351 
59, 123 


7,119 

32, 519 
8,920 
11,964 
2,502 

2,196 
610 


223, 237 
28, 063 
17,234 
30, 116 
45, 257 
33, 586 
26, 273 
23, 121 


7,690 

3,547 

8,599 

46, 507 

3,092 



1,310 

683 


209, 715 
14, 685 
19, 023 
30, 031 
42, 847 
33, 768 
20, 555 
20, 796 


6,077 
3,509 


210, 967 


Germany . 


3,695 


Italy 




France 

Belsrium 


22, 727 

1,835 



98 

312 

»887 

10, 132 



1,395 

5 

40 

9 

107 

3,840 

"""167 


30, 152 
40, 726 


Brazil 


36, 349 




21, 394 


China 


8,952 


Manchuria ... .. 


» 15,738 


Japan.. __ 


15, 093 



4,162 

28 
41 
53 
62 
23 

""154 





20 

2,092 

1 

694 
4 

706 




18, 832 

19, 517 
11,352 

18, 439 

19, 313 
13, 422 

633 
12, 151 
3,640 
8.234 

353 
3,860 
4,146 
8,264 

811 
3,600 
2,668 

283 
2,124 

770 
3 


12, 796 



3,199 

16 
39 
31 
49 
14 

""185 





77 

2,349 



874 



300 






16, 564 
11,919 

2,935 
19, 183 

17, 588 
10,636 

242 

12, 025 

1,813 

8,557 

92 

3,620 

4,239 



846 

3,621 

2,451 



688 

791 

1 


10, 419 



1,204 

- 

37 

87 

92 

3,130 

"".65 





3 

3,633 



585 

485 





5 198 


17, 983 

13, 456 

1,223 

17, 554 

17, 512 

9,640 

2,236 

19, 454 

1,534 

8,693 

918 

4,291 

4,051 



14 

3,954 

312 



586 

• 866 

50 


15,023 


Greece. 


14, 538 


Czechoslovakia . 


2,465 


Irish Free State. . 


15, 037 


Switzerland .. 


16, 953 


Austria 

Egvpt. ... 


7,524 
182 


Denmark .. 


9,077 


Sweden.. 


1,633 




7,999 


Union of South Africa 

Cuba " 


253 





526 

1,407 



< 14 

17 

45 

50 




79 


Finland. ... .. 




28 

7,828 

"0 

516 

2,072 





«125 


4,048 


Spain 


30 


Poland 


1 


Netherland India " 


ii 2, 706 


Syria and Lebanon »_ ______ . 


186 


Latvia 5 . .. .. ... 





New Zealand .. 


99S 


Indo-China . 


907 


Estonia . 


» 132 






Total— 


45, 880 


743, 020 


83,429 


644, 471 


85, 753 


544, 698 


97, 470 


515, 697 


61, 709 


467, 491 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Imports include all wheat, i. e. dutiable for consumption, free for grinding in bond and export, and dutia- 
ble for feed. Exports of flour include flour ground from domestic wheat and from wheat imported in bond. 

3 Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

4 3-year average. 

5 Monthly Crop Report and Agricultural Statistics, International Institute of Agriculture. 
1 1 year only. 

7 Calendar year. 

* Included with China. 

• Unavailable for year beginning July, prior to date shown. 
io 4-year average. 

11 Java and Madura only. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. 



30 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 24. — Flour * 'spring wheat, family patent: Average zoholesale price per barrel, 1 
Minneapolis, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Dol. 
9.27 
8.26 
7.63 
8.38 
6.01 
4.56 
4.24 
8.03 
7.59 
7.46 
7.28 


Dol. 
8.50 
7.98 
6.94 
7.96 
5.92 
4.50 
4.43 
7.57 
7.93 
7.93 
7.60 


Dol. 
7.87 
7.52 
6.87 
7.79 
5.54 
4.44 
4.44 
7.54 
7.89 
8.53 
7.58 


Dol. 
8.08 
7.43 
6.76 
7.38 
5.42 
4.52 
4.19 
7.21 
7.59 
8.72 
7.60 


Dol. 
7.85 
7.38 
6.68 
7.29 
5.24 
5.01 
4.02 
7.28 
7.47 
8.37 
7.43 


Dol. 
8.02 
7.37 
6.68 
7.54 
5.34 
4.75 
4.07 
7.06 
7.37 
8.31 
7.69 


Dol. 
7.95 
7.48 
7.00 
7.29 
5.37 
4.50 
4.11 
7.27 
7.32 
7.57 


Dol. 
7.85 
7.47 
7.40 
6.91 
5.22 
4.42 
4.10 
7.28 
7.31 
7.07 


Dol. 
7.74 
7.88 
7.23 
6.71 
5.07 
4.31 
4.32 
7.15 
7.20 
6.91 


Dol. 
7.75 
8.48 
7.07 
6.67 
4.94 
4.62 
4.92 
6.72 
7.41 
6.64 


Dol. 
8.23 
8.68 
6.60 
6.43 
5.17 
4.71 
5.41 
7.06 
7.47 
6.42 


Dol. 
8.39 
8.12 
6.68 
6.31 
5.08 
4.38 
5.77 
7.44 
6.93 
6.78 


Dol. 
8 12 


1927-2S 

1928-29 


7.84 
6 96 


1929-30 

1930-31 


7.22 
5 36 


1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 


4.56 
4.50 
7 30 


1934-35 


7 46 


1935-36 

1936-37 


7.56 



















i Packed in 98-pound cotton sacks, 1926-27 to 1931-32, and September 1934 to date; sold bulk basis, 1932-33 
to August 1934. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from the Minneapolis Daily Market Kecord. 
Prices 1909-10 to 1925-26 appear in 1930 Yearbook, table 25. 

Table 25. — Bread: Averaae retail price per pound (baked weight) in leading cities 
of the United States, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


July 

15 


Aug. 
15 


Sent. 

15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 
15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 

15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
9.4 
9.3 
9.2 
9.0 
8.8 
7.5 
6.8 
7.2 
8.2 
8.3 
8.1 


Cents 
9.4 
9.3 
9.2 
9.0 
8.7 
7.4 
6.8 

17.6 
8.3 
8.3 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.3 
9.1 
9.0 
8.7 
7.3 
6.7 
7.7 
8.4 
8.3 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.3 
9.1 
8.9 
S.fi 
7.3 
6.7 
8.0 
8.4 
8.3 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.3 
9.1 
8.9 
8.5 
7.3 
6.7 
8.0 
8.3 
8.5 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.2 
9.0 
8.9 
8.5 
7.2 
6.6 
7.9 
8.3 
8.6 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.2 
9.0 
8.9 
8.2 
7.1 
6.4 
7.9 
8.3 
8.5 


Cents 
9.4 
9.2 
9.0 
8.8 
8.0 
7.0 
6.4 
7.9 
8.3 
8.4 


Cents 
9.4 
9.1 
9.0 
8.8 
7.9 
7.0 
6.4 
7.9 
8.3 
8.3 


Cents 
9.4 
9.1 
9.0 
8.8 
7.7 
6.9 
6.4 
8.0 
8.3 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.1 
9.0 
8.8 
7.7 
6.9 
6.5 
8.0 
8.4 
8.2 


Cents 
9.4 
9.2 
9.2 
8.8 
7.6 
6.9 
6.6 
8.1 
8.3 
8.1 


Cents 
9.4 


1927-28 


9.2 


1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 


9.1 

8.9 
8 2 


1931-32 


7.2 


1932-33 


6.6 


1933-34 


7.8 


1934-35. 


8.3 


1935-36 


8.3 


1936-37 





















i Beginning August 1933, price is for Tuesday nearest the 15th of month. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from Bureau of Labor Statistics retail prices, monthly. 
Data for 1913-14 to 1925-26 are available in the 1930 Yearbook, table 26. 

Table 26. — Bran, standard: Average price per ton, Minneapolis, 1926-27 to 

1936-37 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Dol. 
21.60 
25.00 
27.00 
26.00 
19.00 
10.06 
7.87 
17.50 
19.90 
17.60 
25.75 


Dol. 
21.25 
27.00 
24.00 
26.80 
23.40 
10.50 
8.25 
16.60 
22.56 
16.25 
26.00 


Dol. 
21.56 
25.63 
25.00 


Dol. 
21. 35 
25.75 
2S nn 


Dol. 

23.80 
28.44 
30.63 
27.90 
17.70 
14.00 
7.95 
13.50 
24.25 
15.50 
30.37 


Dol. 
25.63 


Dol. 

26. 50 


Dol. 
27.31 
32.50 
28.63 
24.44 
14.12 
11.63 
9.31 


Dol. 

26.44 

35.45 

26.10 

22.90 

17.88 

13.38 

11.06 

19.00 

24.88 

15.70 


Dol. 

27.00 

34.13 

22.63 

27.38 

19.12 

13.20 

11.31 

18.38 

25.90 

17.56 


Dol. 
28.25 


Dol. 
26. 3S 


Dol. 
24.75 


1927-28 


30 001 30 R3 


34.751 29.60 
22.25 22.50 


29.90 


1928-29 


31.65 
27. 50 
16.00 
12.88 
7.88 
12.75 
29.05 
16.05 
32.20 


30.50 
26.62 
15.20 
12.75 
8.00 


26.57 


1929-30 


29.38' 28- 12 


24.40 
13.50 
9.81 
11.90 
17.40 
25.13 
14.88 


20.75 
11.31 
9.38 
11.50 
21.50 
20.56 
17.00 


26.01 


1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 


20.75 
9.69 
8.19 
14.25 
22.13 
15.00 
23.60 


19.65 
9.95 
7.69 
13.30 
21.75 
15.50 
25.75 


17.30 
11.43 
9.24 


1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 


14.50 16.50 
27.13 26.25 
15.63 15.44 


16.26 
24.12 
16.01 


1936-37 



















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports made directly to the Bureau by its repre- 
sentative in the market. Prices are simple averages of 1 day's quotation each week. Quoted per ton, 
bagged, in carlots, sight-draft basis. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



31 



Table 27. — Rye: Acreage, "production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1986 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers > 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 

bushel 
of no. 2 
rye at 
Minne- 
apolis, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
Julys 


Foreign trade, including flour, 
year beginning July ' 




Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Net exports • 


Year 


Total 


Per- 
cent- 
age of 
pro- 
duction 


1866 


1,000 
acres 
1,509 
1,649 
1,620 


Bushels 
11.7 
11.9 
10.6 


1,000 
bushels 
17, 619 
19, 595 
17, 218 

16, 919 

17, 906 

15, 637 

16, 975 

16, 776 
16, 141 

17, 305 
16, 927 
19, 266 
21, 860 
21, 755 
19, 832 
19, 789 
19, 306 
19, 181 
26, 747 

25, 407 

26, 627 

21, 714 
23, 854 

22, 530 
28, 440 

28, 421 

29, 524 
26. 378 
29, 569 
28,718 
26, 700 
26, 758 

29, 614 
31, 852 
31, 129 
29, 044 
25, 569 
26, 001 
27, 413 

30, 773 
33, 862 

28, 932 
28, 461 
31, 173 

29, 609 
28, 247 
28, 650 
29, 520 

30, 083 
29, 098 

31, 396 
37, 911 
40, 390 
42, 120 
46, 752 
43, 089 
60, 321 
83, 421 
76, 992 
78, 659 
61, 915 
61,023 

100, 986 
55, 961 


Cents 
105.8 
131.2 
120.2 


1,000 
dollars 
18, 645 
25, 702 
20, 697 


Cents 


1,000 

bushels 

235 

565 

93 


1,000 

bushels 

246 

229 

201 


1,000 

bushels 

137 

395 

«61 


Percent 
0.8 


1867 




2.0 


1868 .. 






1869... 






1869. - 


1,631 
1,559 
1,588 
1,563 
1,553 
1,568 
1,647 
1,770 
1,844 
1,905 
1,842 
1,825 
1,752 
1,749 
2,080 
2,123 
2,100 
1,897 
1,918 
1,985 
2,181 
2,172 
2,248 
2,116 
2,180 
2,239 
2,162 
2,166 
2,400 
2,599 
2,323 
2,204 
2, 054 
2,059 
2,127 
2,409 
2,444 
2,260 
2,205 
2,297 
2,154 
2,073 
2,130 
2,196 
2,212 
2,262 
2,452 
2,724 
3,089 
3,144 
3,417 
3,528 
5,059 
6,694 
7,679 
7,168 
4,825 
4,851 
6,757 
4,936 


11.0 
10.0 
10.7 
10.7 
10.4 
11.0 
10.3 
10.9 
11.9 
11.4 
10.8 
10.8 
11.0 
11.0 
12.9 
12.0 
12.7 
11.4 
12.4 
11.4 
13.0 
13,1 
13.1 
12.5 
13.6 
12.8 
12.3 
12.4 
12.3 
12.3 
13.4 
13.2 
12.4 
12.6 
12.9 
12.8 
13.9 
12.8 
12.9 
13.6 
13.7 
13.6 
13.5 
IS. 4 
13.6 
12.9 
12.8 
13.9 
13.1 
13.4 
13.7 
12.2 
11.9 
12.5 
9.9 
11.0 
12.8 
12.6 
14.9 
11.3 


87.3 
80.5 
76.7 
74.4 
75.7 
85.6 
75.9 
68.0 
60.6 
54.5 


15, 626 

12, 593 

13, 027 
12, 477 

12, 215 

14, 805 

12. 852 

13, 099 
13, 241 

11. 853 




199 

87 

833 

612 

1,923 

267 

589 

2,235 

4,250 

4,878 


412 
116 
249 
214 
164 
299 
241 
99 
430 
478 


126 

126 

717 

676 

1,977 

224 

639 

2,234 

4,159 

4,947 


.2 


1870 




.7 


1871- 




4.8 


1872 




4.0 


1873 . 




12.2 


1874 




1.3 


1875 




3.8 


1876- . 




11.6 


1877 




19.0 


1878 




22.7 


1879 






1879 


67.4 
74.5 
91.7 
63.1 
58.4 
53.4 
58.0 
53.0 
53.5 
59.2 


13, 346 

14, 384 
17, 591 
16, 886 
14, 839 
14, 222 
12, 592 
12, 635 
12, 056 
16, 836 




2,944 

1,955 

1,004 

2,206 

6,248 

2,974 

217 

377 

95 

309 


533 
474 
954 
974 
656 
239 
174 
18 


2,965 

1, 942 

907 

2,222 

6,338 

3,020 

127 

494 

103 

309 


15.0 


1880 . 




10.1 


1881 




4.7 


1882 




8.3 


1883 




24.9 


1884 




11.3 


1885 




.6 


1886 




2.1 


1887 




.5 


1888 




1.1 


1889 






1889 


42.0 
62.3 
77.2 
53.7 
49.6 
48.8 
40.7 
36.9 
42.6 
44.1 


12, 399 
16, 435 
22, 830 
15, 416 

13, 237 
13, 065 

12, 042 

11, 761 

13, 267 

12, 806 




2,281 

358 

12, 069 

1,494 

249 

32 

1,011 

8,576 

15, 562 

10, 170 


198 
141 

84 
9 

--- 

" i" 

33 
1 


2,241 

340 

12, 005 

1,485 

249 

19 

1,011 

8,574 

15, 529 

10, 169 


7.6 


1890 




1.3 


1891 




40.6 


1892 




5.2 


1893 




.9 


1894 




.1 


1895 




3.4 


1896... . 




26.9 


1897... 




49.9 


1898 






1899 






1899 


49.5 
50.1 
55.0 
50.0 
53.5 
69.2 
60.3 
58.5 
72.6 
72.8 


12, 882 

13, 724 
16, 933 
16, 941 
15, 482 
19, 703 
18, 789 
17,318 
20, 507 
20, 848 




2,382 
2,346 
2,712 
5,445 

784 

30 

1,388 

770 
2,445 
1,296 


.. 

34 
21 

1 

1 

2 

1 


2,382 
2,345 
2,712 
5,444 

751 

9 

1,387 

769 
2,443 
1,295 


9.2 


1900 




8.6 


1901 




8.8 


1902 




16.1 


1903 




2.6 


1904 




.0 


1905 




4.4 


1906 




2.6 


1907 




8.6 


1908... 




4.5 


1909 






1909 


73.0 

72.9 

80.7 

65.0 

61.0 

82.3 

84.0 

112.4 

173.4 

149.6 


21, 952 
21, 221 
25, 331 
24, 649 
24,656 
34, 655 
39, 256 
48, 453 
104, 571 
124, 787 


70 
77 
86 
60 
58 
98 
94 
135 
193 
158 


242 
40 
31 
1,855 
2,273 
13, 027 
15, 250 
13, 703 
17, 186 
36, 467 


30 

227 

134 

1 

37 
147 
566 
428 
834 
638 


212 
•187 

•103 
1,854 
2,236 
12, 880 
14, 684 
13, 275 
16, 352 
35,829 


.7 


1910. . 




1911 




1912. 


4.9 


1913 


5.5 


1914 


30.6 


1915 


31.4 


1916 


30.8 


1917 


27.1 


1918 




1919 




1919 


145.9 
146.4 
84.0 
63.9 
59.3 


114,801 
90, 626 
51, 274 
64, 523 
33, 168 


160 
161 
92 
75 
65 


41, 531 
47, 337 
29, 944 
51, 663 
19, 902 


1,077 

452 

700 

99 

2 


40, 454 
46, 885 
29,244 
51, 564 
19,900 


51.4 


1920 


75.7 


1921 


47.9 


1922 


51.1 


1923 


35.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 
130180 — 37 3 



32 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 27. — Rye: Acreage, 'production, value, and foreign trade, 

1866-1 936— Continued 



United States, 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 
yield 
per 
acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers 1 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 
bushel 
of no. 2 
rye at 
Minne- 
apolis, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
July 


Foreign trade, including flour, 
year beginning July s 


Year 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Net exports 


Total 


Per- 
cent- 
age of 
pro- 
duction 


1924 


1,000 
acres 
3,744 
3,941 
3,800 
3,419 
3,458 
3,310 
3, 033 
3,130 
3,621 
3,162 
3,351 
2,418 
1,914 
2,035 
4,141 
2,757 


Bushels 

14.9 

14.8 

11.1 

10.2 

14.8 

11.5 

11.3 

11.3 

12.4 

10.6 

11.8 

8.9 

8.6 

8.4 

14.2 

9.3 


1,000 
bushels 
65, 674 
58, 445 
42, 316 

34, 860 
51, 076 
37, 910 
34, 303 

35, 282 
45, 068 
33, 378 
39, 424 
21, 418 

16, 234 

17, 070 
58, 597 
25, 554 


Cents 


1,000 
dollars 


Cents 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


Percent 


1924. . 


95.3 
79.0 
83.0 
83.5 
83.6 


55, 707 
33, 419 
28, 928 
42, 648 
31, 689 


114 
88 
98 

104 
95 


50, 242 
12, 647 
21, 698 
26, 346 
9,488 


1 
-. 

2 
1 


50, 241 
12, 646 
21, 697 
26, 345 
9,487 


86 


1925- . 


29 9 


1926..- 


62 2 


1927 


51.6 


1928 


25.0 


1929.. 




1929 


85.7 
44.5 
34.1 
28.1 
62.7 


30, 241 
20, 039 
11,370 
11,093 
13, 434 


90 
51 

42 
41 
69 


2,600 

227 

909 

311 

21 


1 
88 

1 

14 

12,019 


2,599 

139 

908 

304 

5 11, 998 


7.4 


1930 


.3 


1931 


2.7 


1932. . 


.8 


1933-.- 




1934 




1934 


71.8 
39.5 
80.5 


12, 263 
23, 171 
20, 572 


81 
50 


( 6 ) 
9 


11, 250 

2,266 


5 11,249 

» 2, 257 




1935-.. 




1936 * . 

















• Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 Prices are from Minneapolis Daily Market Record and are averages of daily prices weighted by carlot 
sales. 

3 Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States 1866-1917, Foreign Commerce and 
Navigation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June 
issues, 1919-26; January and June issues, 1927-36, and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic 
Commerce. Rye— General imports 1866-1909; imports for consumption, 1910-36. Rye flour— General im- 
ports 1866-1871; imports for consumption, 1872-1936. Rye flour converted to rye on the basis that 1 barrel of 
rye flour is the product of 6 bushels of grain. 

* Total exports (i. e., domestic plus foreign) minus total imports; beginning 1910 domestic exports minus 
imports for consumption. 

» Net imports. 

« Less than 500 bushels. 

7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



33 



Table 28, — Rye: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per bushel 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of — 


State 
and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


1935 


19361 




1,000 

acres 

21 

26 

123 


1,000 

ucres 
27 
22 
112 


1,100 

acres 

19 

21 

90 


Bu. 
14.8 
17.2 
13.6 


Bu. 
15.0 
17.5 
15.0 


Bu. 
16.0 
17.5 
14.0 


1,000 
bu. 
321 
462 

1,671 


1,000 
bu. 
405 
385 

1,680 


1.000 
bu. 
304 
368 

1,260 


Ct. 

58 
56 
59 


a. 

86 




93 




78 








170 


161 


130 


14.4 


15.3 


14.9 


2,454 


2,470 


1,932 


58.4 


82.1 






Ohio 


52 
.92 

66 
158 
196 
386 

44 

17 

1,095 

328 

266 

19 


128 
221 
128 
228 
314 
495 
125 

84 
855 
470 
429 

60 


52 

99 

69 

141 

210 

346 

75 

25 

445 

268 

459 

58 


13.4 
12.3 
12.9 
12.6 
11.8 
15.5 
15.8 
9.4 
10.8 
12.0 
10.0 
10.6 


15.0 
11.5 
12.0 
13.5 
12.5 
20.0 
15.0 
7.5 
14.5 
17.5 
12.5 
10.5 


13.5 
12.0 
12.5 
11.5 
10.0 
12.5 
14.0 
9.0 
5.5 
6.0 
7.5 
10.5 


731 
1,100 

807 
1, 950 
2,189 
5,966 

681 

165 
11, 073 
4,072 
2,667 

217 


1,920 
2,542 
1,536 
3,078 
3,925 
9,900 
1,875 

630 
12, 398 
8,225 
5,362 

630 


702 
1,188 

862 
1,622 
2,100 
4,325 
1,050 

225 
2,448 
1,608 
3,442 

609 


45 
43 
42 
42 
45 
36 
38 
64 
29 
33 
38 
53 


76 




78 


Illinois . 


85 


Michigan __. 


83 




84 




74 


Iowa.. - 


79 




99 


North Dakota .. . 


68 




74 


Nebraska - 


86 


Kansas . 


87 






North Central . -. 


2,720 


3,537 


2,247 


12.2 


14.7 


9.0 


31,618 


52, 021 


20,181 


36.6 


78.8 








6 
20 
53 
13 
60 

8 
16 


6 
18 
54 
11 
70 
11 
20 


4 
15 
38 

9 

60 
10 
18 


13.1 
13.0 
11.3 
10.9 

7.8 
8.6 
6.3 


12.5 
13.5 
11.5 
12.5 

7.5 
8.5 
6.0 


11.5 
12.5 
11.0 
11.5 
6.5 
7.5 
5.5 


85 
266 
654 
151 
486 
69 
99 


75 
243 
621 
138 
525 

94 
120 


46 
188 
418 
104 
390 
75 
99 


64 
62 
76 
68 
91 
109 
104 


105 


Maryland .. .. . 


91 




101 




91 


North Carolina - L___„ 


116 


South Carolina 


131 




124 






South Atlantic . 


175 


190 


154 


9.6 


9.6 


8.6 


1,811 


1,816 


1,320 


80.9 


106.7 






Kentucky _ . 


18 
23 
12 
3 


17 

28 

30 

3 


18 
27 
24 
3 


11.4 
7.0 

8.9 
11.0 


8.0 
6.5 
7.0 
11.5 


11.0 
6.5 
6.0 
9.5 


202 
159 
114 
34 


136 
182 
210 
34 


198 
176 
144 
28 


70 

85 
69 
70 


99 


Tennessee. - . 


108 


Oklahoma. . 


95 


Texas.. . 


86 








56 


78 


72 


9.2 


7.2 


7.6 


509 


562 


546 


74.6 


100.2 






Montana . . . _. 


57 
4 
29 
55 
2 
19 
22 

28 


50 

7 

27 

23 

3 

22 
34 
9 


15 
8 
23 
29 
2 
18 
50 
9 


11.0 
11.6 
7.6 
8.3 
8.6 
10.5 
13.6 

2 12.1 


10.5 
10.0 
8.0 
7.0 
9.0 
7.5 
13.0 
13.5 


6.0 
11.0 
6.0 
8.0 
6.0 
10.5 
14.0 
14.0 


574 
50 
219 
438 
16 
162 
289 

2 91 


525 
70 
216 
161 
27 
165 
442 
122 


90 
88 
138 
232 
12 
189 
700 
126 


29 
41 
42 
52 
63 
62 
60 
65 


63 




67 




81 




82 


Utah 


79 


Washington 


73 




70 


California 


58 






Western.. 


194 
3,315 


175 


154 


9.8 


9.9 


10.2 


1,820 


1,728 


1,575 


47.4 


71.6 






United States 


4,141 


2,757 


12.0 


14.2 


9.3 


38, 212 


58, 597 


25, 554 


39.5 


80.5 







i Preliminary. 

2 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



34 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 29. — Rye: Acreage, yield per acre, and production in specified countries, 
average 1925-26 to 1929-30, annual 1935-36 and 1936-37 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Country 


Aver- 
age 

1925-26 

to 
1929-30 


1935- 36 


1936- 
37 1 


Aver- 
aee 

1925-26 

to 
1929-30 


1935- 
36 


1936- 
37i 


Aver- 
age 

1925-26 
to 

1929-30 


1935-36 


1936-37' 


NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

North America: 

Canada 


1,000 
acres 

794 
3,423 


1,000 

acres 
720 

4,141 


1,090 
acres 

635 
2,757 


Bush- 
els 

16.3 
11.8 


Bush- 
ds 

13.3 
14.2 


Bush- 
els 
6.7 
9.3 


1,000 

bushels 
12. 937 
40, 305 


1,000 

bushels 
9 606 


1,000 

bushels 

4 981 


United States. . .. - 


58 597i 25 554 






Total 


4,217 


4,861 


3,392 


12.6 


14.0 


8.8 


53. 242 


68 203! 29 835 






Europe: 

Norway . . 


21 

741 

448 

489 

568 

17 

1,953 

1,717 

488 

307 

50 

11, 614 

946 

2,452 

121 

14, 016 

1,191 

627 

354 

553 

66, 621 


15 

560 

391 

519 

529 

19 

1,663 

1,415 

332 

272 


15 

527 

326 

587 

525 

19 

1,634 

1,471 


27.6 
26.5 
25.3 
32.4 
38.4 
21.6 
18.3 
13.9 
9.0 
21.2 
33.5 
25.7 
21.2 
26.0 
12.8 
17.4 
17.1 
14.9 
16.8 
21.7 

13.0 


32.2 
30.6 
28.6 
35.5 
35.0 
23.8 
17.4 
13.6 
14.1 
23.0 
33.8 
26.2 
26.3 
25.9 
12.1 
18.2 
19.9 
21.4 
19.1 
23.0 

14.1 


28.7 
28.1 
25.4 
34.2 
26.8 
24.0 
17.1 
12.3 

"23~6 
27.1 
19.2 
22.7 

15.2 
17.6 
16.6 
17.7 
17.9 
21.5 


580 

19, 609 

11, 337 

15, 832 

21, 796 

367 

35, 647 

23, 846 

4,401 

6,516 

1 675 


483 1 430 




17, 116 
11, 177 

18, 434 

18, 522 
452 

28,980 

19, 206 
4,674 
6,267 


14, 834 
8,267 

20 07S 




Netherlands ... . . . 


Belgium . 


14,094 
456 


Luxemburg _ . . 


France ... . 


27, 988 




18, 053 
3,652 


Portugal . .. 


Italy 






37! 38 

2 11, 21S1211 IIS 


1 952! 874 


Germany 


299 035 2 294. 399 *Sffl- 55S 


Austria 


930 

2,493 

181 

14, 292 

1,267 

668 

357 

598 

3 59, 479 


945 

2,494 

166 

14, 403 

1,216 

637 

338 

593 


20,102 24^416 


18, 129 


Czechoslovakia - - - . 


63, 638 

1,549 

243, 530 

20, 379 
9,335 
5,937 

11, 983 

867, 983 


64, 501 

2,183 

260, 498 

25, 221 

14, 326 
6,804 

13, 760 

3 841,051 


56, 549 


Greece ._ ... . 


2,531 


Poland 


253. 139 


Lithuania 


20, 231 


Latvia 


11, 260 


Estonia 


6,044 


Finland... 


12, 755 


Union of Soviet Socialist Repub- 
lics 








Total of above European 
countries reporting all years. 


37, 878 


37, 152 


37, 047 


21.3 


22.1 


21.3 


806, 177 


821. 730 


787, 270 


Danube Basin: 
Hungary... . 


1,649 
518 
481 


1,537 


1. R18 


18.2 
14.3 
15.2 
14.8 


18.6 
12.4 
17.9 
13.3 


17.7 
12.7 
18.4 

17.1 


30, 063 
7,407 

7, 32S 


28,650 
7,719 
7.767 


28,594 


Yugoslavia . ... 


623 628 


8,002 




433 


434 
1,041 


7,980 


Rumania 


719 960 


10, 662 j 12,724 


17, 842 






Total Danube Basin 


3,367' 3,553 


3,721 


16.5 


16.0 


16.8 


55,460 56,860 


62. 418 






Total all European countries 
reporting all vears 


41, 245 
42,100 


40, 705 

41, 300 


40, 768 
41,400 


20.9 


21.6 


20.8 


861, 637 
874,000 


878, 590 
890.000 


849, 688 


Estimated European total, ex- 
cluding Union of Soviet 
Socialist Republics 


S60.000 














Total Northern Hemisphere 
countries reporting all years. 

Estimated Northern Hemi- 
sphere total, excluding 
Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics and China . 


45, 462 

46, 900 


45, 566 
47. 100 


44,160 
45.900 


20.1 


20.8 


19.9 


914, 879 
935,000 


946, 793 
970. 000 


879, 523 
900,000 
















SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE 

Chile 


8 

587 

4 






14.8 
11.0 
15.0 






118 

6,431 

60 






Argentina 


573 


988 


8.7 


9.0 


5,000 


8,858 




















Estimated world total, exclud- 
ing Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics and China 


1 

47,700 49.00( 


48, 200 








944,000 


976, 000 


911,000 



















1 Preliminary. 

J Excludes the Saar, since production for this terriory was not included prior to 1935. 

3 Official estimate. Figures are probably not strictly comparable with those for previous years. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from official sources and International Institute of Agri- 
culture. 

Both acreage and production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere 
countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus, for 1936-37 
the crop harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1936 is combined with the Southern Hemisphere 
harvest which begins late in 1936 and ends early in 1937. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 35 

Table 30. — Rye: Production, world and selected countries, 1894.-95 to 1936-37 





World 
produc- 
tion ex- 
cluding 

U.S. 

S. R. 
and 

China 


Northern 
Hemi- 
sphere 
produc- 
tion, ex- 
cluding 
U. S. S. R. 
and 
China 


Euro- 
pean 
produc- 
tion, ex- 
cluding 
U. S. 
S. R. 


Selected countries 


Crop year 


U. S. 
S. R.i 


Ger- 
many 


Poland 


France 


Hun- 
gary 


Czecho^ 
Slo- 
vakia 


United 
States 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1894-95 


710 


709 


668 


863 


328 




75 


58 




27 


1895-96 


663 


661 


618 


773 


304 




72 


47 




30 


1896-97 


719 


717 


673 


790 


336 




70 


51 




32 


1897-98 


646 


644 


600 


654 


322 




48 


36 




31 


1898-99 


722 


721 


678 


738 


356 




67 


46 




29 


1899-1900 


705 


704 


664 


912 


342 




67 


50 





26 


1900-1901 


671 


670 


629 


920 


337 




59 


42 




27 


1901-2 


690 
731 


688 
730 


644 

682 


755 

919 


321 
374 




58 
46 


44 
53 




31 


1902-3 


34 


1903-4 


764 

752 


762 
750 


720 
709 


912 
1,008 


390 
396 




58 
53 


51 
46 




29 


1904-5 


28 


1905-6 


778 
780 
744 


111 
778 
742 


732 
736 
700 


737 

668 
815 


378 
379 
384 




59 
51 
56 


53 
54 
42 




31 


1906-7 


30 


1907-8 


28 


1908-9 


820 
867 


819 

864 


776 
821 


790 
904 


423 
447 




52 
56 


48 

47 




29 


1909-10 


30 


1910-11.-- 


812 


810 


768 


875 


414 




44 


52 




29 


1911-12 


827 


824 


779 


769 


428 




47 


54 




31 


1912-13 


864 


862 


810 


1,051 


457 




49 


57 




38 


1913-14 


891 


888 


834 


1,011 


481 




50 


56 




40 


1914-15 


765 


763 


707 


3 870 


410 




44 


45 




42 


1915-16 :.. 


684 


681 


621 


3 910 


360 




33 


48 




47 


1916-17 


657 
545 
582 
689 


655 
542 
580 
687 


598 
466 
476 
586 


*771 
614 


352 

«228 

260 

238 


""I63" 


33 
25 

5 30 
31' 






43 


1917-18 - 






60 


1918-19 






83 


1919-20 




33 


79 


1920-21 


620 


617 


532 


368 


194 


74 


37 


«20 


33 


62 


1921-22 


858 


855 


766 


401 


268 


175 


44 


23 


54 


61 


1922-23 


866 


8C0 


720 


715 


206 


203 


38 


25 


51 


101 


1923-24 


924 


918 


832 


779 


263 


243 


37 


31 


53 


56 


1924-25 


738 


734 


655 


741 


226 


148 


40 


22 


45 


58 


1925-26 


1,012 


1,005 


947 


896 


317 


265 


44 


33 


58 


42 


1926-27 


824 


816 


763 


931 


252 


204 


30 


31 


56 


35 


1927-28 


897 


886 


813 


952 


269 


232 


34 


22 


60 


51 


1928-29 


975 


964 


905 


760 


335 


241 


34 


33 


72 


£8 


1929-30 


1,011 


1,004 


940 


802 


321 


276 


36 


31 


72 


35 


1930-31 


1,012 


1,006 


924 


929 


302 


274 


28 


28 


70 


45 


1931-32 


844 


833 


776 


866 


263 


224 


30 


22 


ao 


33 


1932-33 


1,005 


991 


932 


867 


329 


241 


34 


30 


86 


39 


1933-34 


1,052 


1,043 


1,004 


8 952 


344 


278 


35 


38 


82 


21 


1934-35 


942 


925 


890 


«792 


299 


254 


33 


24 


56 


]7 


1935-36 


976 


970 


890 


8 841 


7 294 


260 


29 


29 


65 


59 


1936-37 s 


911 


900 


860 




7 302 


253 


28 


29 


57 


20 



1 Includes all Russian territory reporting- for the years shown. 

2 Exclusive of the 10 Vistula Provinces of Russian Poland and the Province of Batum in Transcaucasia. 

3 Exclusive of Russian Poland, Lithuania, parts of Latvia and the Ukraine, and the 2 Provinces of Baium 
and Elizabetpol in Transcaucasia. 

4 Beginnins: with this year, estimates for the present territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 
exclusive of TurkestaD, Transcaucasia, and the Far East, which territory in 1924 produced 8,646,000 bushels. 

* Beginning with this year post-war boundaries, therefore, not comparable with earlier years. 
« Official estimates. Figures are probably not strictly comparable with those for previous years. 

7 Excludes the Saar, since production for this territory was not included prior to 1935. 

8 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Both acreage and production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere 
rcountries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus, for 1936-37 
the crop harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1936 is combined with the Southern Hemi- 
vsphere harvest which begins late in 1936 and ends early in 1937. 



36 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. 1937 



Table 31.- — Rye: Production and farm disposition, 1 United States, 1924.-25 to 

1935-86 











Ground 












Ground 






Pro- 


Used 


Fed 
to 
live- 
stock 


at mills 
for home 


Sold 




Pro- 


Used 


Fed 
to 
live- 
stock 


at mills 
for home 


Sold 


Season 


duc- 


for 


use or 


or for 


Season 


duc- 


for 


use or 


or for 




tion 


seed 


ex- 
changed 


sale 




tion 


seed 


ex- 
changed 


sale 










for flour j 










for flour 






1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1924-25 


58, 445 


6,609 


10, 136 


717 


41.614 


1930-31 


45,068 


6,888 


19, 038 


390 


19, 959 


1925-26 


42, 316 


6.602 


5.219 


651 


30. 307 


1931-32.... 


33. 378 


6,752 


14, 100 


390 


11, 048 


1926-27 


34, 860 


6,075 


6,767 


586 


21.933 


1932-33 


39.424 


6,149 


18, 827 


390 


15, 273 


1927-28 


51, 076 


6.369 


6.53S 


521 


38, 683 


1933-34 


21. 418 


6,545 


7,657 


390 


6.558 


1928-29.... 


37, 910 


5,784 


6,679 


458 


25, 670 


1934-35 


17. 070 


5,379 


6,26S 


456 


4,967 


1929-30 


35,282 


6,480 


7.373 


390 


21, 239 


1935-36.... 


58,597 


8,466 


20,921 


532 


29, 009 



1 Disposition items are as previously published and have not been revised to conform with revisions of 
production. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 32. — Rye: Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection points, 
1926-27 to 1935-86 



Year beginning July 






Grade 






Total 


No. 1 


No. 2 


No. 3 


No. 4 


Sample 


1926-27 •_ 


Cars 

3.892 
10. 659 
1,787 
8,985 
5,804 
2.071 
3,821 
4.559 
4,362 
2,031 


Cars 

9,921 
15, 573 
13, 081 
10, 611 
9,320 
5.531 
7,713 
6,669 
7,902 
8,911 


Cars 

5,794 

4,976 

6,646 

1,642 

1,198 

927 

721 

2,570 

429 

6,098 


Cars 

3,597 

1.409 

1,994 

475 

225 

240 

261 

194 

45 

1,445 


Cars 

1,445 

564 

626 

288 

103 

71 

71 

1,530 

4,027 

635 


Cars 
24,649 


1927-28 


33, 181 


1928-29 


24, 134 


1929-30 


22, 001 


1930-31 


16, 650 


1931-32 


8,840 


1932-33 


12,587 


1933-34. 


15, 522 


1934-35 i 


16, 765 


1935-36 


19, 120 







i Revised standards effective July 2, 1934. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 33.— Rye: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1936-37 

DOMESTIC RYE IN UNITED STATES i 



Year 


July 


Aug. Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 


1,000 

bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
13,092 
3,281 
5,934 
13. 997 
16, 361 
10, 223 
7,993 
13, 735 
12, 572 
8,893 
4,860 


1,000 
bushels 
12.8S0 

3,915 

6.185 
14, 536 
15.629 
10, 085 

7,936 
12, 936 
11,486 

8,412 


1,000 
bushels 
13, 897 

4,321 

6.440 
14, 379 
14, 270 
10, 006 

7,774 
12, 032 
10. 630 

7,642 


1,000 
bushels 
13, 905 
5.090 
6,914 
14, 285 
12,903 
10, 124 
7,688 
11,621 
9,652 
7,620 


1,000 
bushels 
7,818 
5,544 
6,598 
13. 701 
10,990 
9,493 
8,006 
11,002 
8,562 
7,009 


1,000 

bushels 

2,522 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 .. 


1,018 
2,499 
6,632 
12, 481 
10, 154 


1,454 
2,112 
6,614 
12, 073 
9,838 
8, 955 

11, 273 

12, 049 
6,907 
6,080 


2,091 
1,351 
8,561 
14, 248 
9,405 


2,608 
2.684 
9,771 
17. 302 
1 0. 095 


2.077 
4,771 
11,453 
17, 291 
10, 376 
8,485 
13. 457 
12, 323 
9,088 
6,209 


2,970 
5,589 

12. 033 
17, 173 
10,431 

8,030 
14. 153 

13. 425 
9,660 
5,983 


2,662 
6,532 
12, 572 
10, 599 
9,428 


1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


8.942 
10,501 
11,452 
8,560 
6,379 


9.052 8,700 
11,998 112,968 
11,798 '11,776 
7,060 | 8,407 
6,674 fi.515 


8,806 
10, 505 
9,198 
6,869 



















Domestic rye in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and rye afloat in vessels or barges 

™ stnriia\7 noaroct ttio let nf tho mnnth 



1 Domestic rye in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and 
in harbors of lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of the month. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



37 



Table 33. — Rye: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1936-87 — Continued 

UNITED STATES RYE IX CANADA » 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 

1,658 

930 

1,707 

2,726 

2,131 

754 

99 










1,000 

bushels 

1,704 

772 

1,425 

2,720 

2,128 

732 

99 








1,000 

bushels 

1,583 

351 

1,255 

2,714 

2,126 

675 

99 








1,000 

bushels 

1,384 

259 

],310 

2,692 

2,119 

250 

99 








1,000 

bushels 

3,379 

47 

1,367 

2,871 

2,110 

213 

99 








1,000 

bushels 

869 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


1,465 

750 

1,182 

3,789 

1,827 

242 

1 








589 

449 

1,255 

3,761 

1,792 

160 

1 








686 

357 

1,540 

3,432 

1,775 

121 










1,385 

838 

2,804 

3,139 

1,229 

89 










1,390 

1,248 

2,883 

2,792 

821 

99 










1,208 

1,478 

2,900 

2,113 

782 

99 










512 

1,379 

3,821 

1,911 

295 

1 





















CANADIAN RYE IN CANADA * 



1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



1,131 
2,514 
2,180 
7,937 
12, 602 
7,066 
5,071 
3,796 
3,232 
3,264 



1,149 
1,180 
3,282 
7,519 
12, 161 
5,193 
5,390 
3,815 
2.918 
2,807 



912 
603 
3,982 
8,541 
12, 356 
4,753 
5,180 
3,994 
3,273 
2,865 



2,444 
2,444 
5,898 
10, 907 
12, 306 
4,948 
4,673 
4,014 
3,899 
2,509 



3,479 
3,448 
7.268 
12, 546 
13,021 
4,753 
4,170 
4,031 
4,459 
2,300 



3,052 
3,595 
8,087 
12, 780 
12, 202 
4,359 
4.060 
3,967 
4,585 
1,799 



3,546 
4,137 
4,834 
8,380 
13, 135 
11,473 
4,442 
4,024 
3,961 
4,688 



3.758 
4,787 
4,760 
8,348 
13, 150 
11, 161 
4,475 
3,985 
3,928 
4,662 



3,843 
4,963 
4,571 
8,517 
13, 059 
10, 994 
4.579 
3,960 
3,878 
4,678 



3,853 
4.773 
4,423 
8,307 
13, 230 
10, 904 
4,587 
3,940 
3,821 
4,791 



3,064 
4,525 
4,019 
8,112 
13, 255 
10, 345 
4,626 
3,842 
3,712 
4,808 



1,445 
2,668 
3,907 
7,992 
12, 547 
8,921 
4,855 
3,837 
3,650 
3,827 



CANADIAN RYE IN UNITED STATES * 



1926-27 














2,266 


1,922 


1,631 


494 


689 


739 


1927-2S 


63 


50 


20 


124 


441 


802 


851 


434 


203 


90 


90 


371 


1928-29- 


248 


237 


12 


83 


205 


258 


208 


532 


559 


440 


451 


480 


1929-30 


380 


394 


432 


320 


429 


431 


431 


431 


371 


370 


426 


270 


1930-31 


188 


187 


172 


239 


430 


651 


489 


446 


528 


344 


273 


2 


1931-32 


2 


2 


2 


390 


388 


1,^05 


1,746 


1,703 


1,389 


1,631 


794 


526 


1932-33 


498 


347 


412 


412 


502 


412 


548 


545 


545 


543 


543 


213 


1933-34 


213 


192 


283 


260 


374 


103 


86 


86 


85 


82 


77 


68 


1934-35 


68 


54 


104 


50 




















65 





1935-36 


200 


29 


29 


























226 


1936-37 - 


237 


344 


560 


527 


577 


467 


562 

























2 United States rye in store at 15 Canadian points or afloat in vessels or barges in harbors of lake and sea- 
board ports, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

3 Canadian rye in Canada exclusive of farm stocks, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

* Canadian rye in store and afloat at 16 United States lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of 
the month. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 34.— Rye: 



Average price per bushel received by farmers, 
1926-27 to 1936-37 



United States, 



Year 


July 
15 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 

15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 

15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 .._ 


Cents 
80.7 
91.2 
99.2 
85.3 
43.6 
33.0 
22.0 
78.2 
61.8 
36.0 
61.1 


Cents 
86.1 
80.6 
83.6 
91.8 
53.0 
32.5 
23.3 
58.8 
73.9 
35.5 
75.1 


Cents 
81.6 
81.4 
81.8 
89.2 
53.1 
33.2 
23.6 
61.4 
79.1 
36.5 
79.5 


Cents 
82.4 
81.0 
87.1 
89.9 
47.6 
33.6 
22.3 
52.7 
75.0 
42.1 
80.4 


Cents 
83.0 
84.0 
86.3 
85.5 
41.6 
41.4 
22.1 
55.4 
71.9 
40.4 
81.5 


Cents 
82.4 
87.8 
87.2 
88.4 
41.1 
36.8 
21.1 
51.9 
74.4 
40.0 
90.0 


Cents 
83.6 
88.0 
87.9 
85.7 
37.4 
36.8 
22.7 
53.6 
73.1 
41.4 


Cents 
88.4 
89.5 
91.5 
78.3 
34.9 
36.3 
21.9 
54.2 
69.3 
44.4 


Cents 
86.4 
96.0 
91.4 
68.4 
34.3 
37.7 
22.8 
53.1 
66.5 
42.9 


Cents 
85.2 
99.8 
86.0 
68.7 
32.8 
36.6 
30.1 
52.8 
66.0 
40.8 


Cents 
90.1 

111.5 
79.1 
63.8 
33.0 
33.4 
38.9 
51.9 
62.0 
40.6 


Cents 
94.9 

106.8 
75.7 
60.7 
31.4 
28.8 
43.5 
58.2 
53.7 
43.8 


Cents 
83.0 


1927-28 


83.5 


1928-29 


83.6 


1929-30 

1930-31 


85.7 
44.5 


1931-32 


34.1 


1932-33 

1933-34 


2S.1 
62.7 


1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


71.8 

39.5 

»80.5 























' Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 issue 
of crops and markets, p. 531. 



38 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 35.' — Rye No. 2: Weighted average price per bushel of reported cash sales. 
Minneapolis, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
102 
104 
111 
107 
55 
37 
32 
83 
74 
48 
75 


Cents 
97 
92 
94 
98 
60 
38 
34 
72 
89 
45 
83 


Cents 
93 
92 
94 
97 
55 
39 
34 
71 
87 
47 
87 


Cents 
95 
92 
94 
97 
49 
41 
32 
62 
76 
52 
85 


Cents 
94 
99 
98 
95 
43 
51 
31 
62 
76 
49 
92 


Cents 
94 

102 
97 
98 
44 
45 
31 
60 
80 
49 

110 


Cents 
99 
103 
101 
91 
38 
46 
33 
64 
76 
53 


Cents 
102 
106 
105 
78 
37 
46 
32 
61 
69 
57 


Cents 
99 
114 
100 
66 
36 
47 
35 
59 
61 
52 


Cents 
99 
124 
89 
68 
35 
45 
43 
57 
61 
50 


Cents 
109 
128 
85 
65 
36 
39 
52 
60 
54 
52 


Cents 
111 
123 
84 
57 
37 
32 
62 
69 
46 
58 


Cents 
98 
104 


1927-28 


1928-29 - 


95 


1929-30 

1930-31 


90 

51 


1931-32 


42 


1932-33 


41 


1933-34 : 


69 


1934-35 


81 


1935-36 


50 


1936-37 





















Bureau of Agricultural Economics; computed by weighting selling price by number of car lots sold, as 
reported in Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 

Chicago prices, 1909-10 to 1926-27 appear in 1927 Yearbook, table 46. Minneapolis prices, 1909-10 to 
1925-26, appear in 1930 Yearbook, table 43. 

Table 36. — Rye, including flour in terms of grain: International trade, average 
1925-26 to 1929-30, annual 1932-33 to 1935-36 





Year beginning July 


Country 


Average 1925- 
26 to 1929-30 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 1 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 

COUNTRIES 

Germany 


1,000 
bushels 
15. 498 
14, 556 

7,406 

6,597 

6,559 

6, 328 

4,511 

1,133 

486 

176 

50 


1,000 
bushels 
13,815 




2,453 

1 

129 



12 



6 

3 


1,000 
bushels 
6,385 
311 

9,551 

12, 985 

3,003 

5,132 

5,306 

3 44 

123 

1 

43 


1,000 
bushels 
15,808 



386 

6 


30 






1,000 
bushels 
16, 113 
21 

5,760 
23, 824 
6,490 
2,799 
3,949 

30 

32 


41 


1,000 
bushels 
4,964 
2 12,019 



411 

6 


30 






1,000 
bushels 
497 


1,187 
25. 527 

1,306 

975 

10, 556 

30 


190 
49 


1,000 

bushels 

9, 444 

11, 250 


1 


25 


»0 





1,000 
bushels 
1, 905 
9 

2,777 

18, 444 

345 

2,009 

4,192 

3 610 

217 


1,000 
bushels 
1,913 


United States 


2,266 


Union of Soviet Socialist Re- 





Poland - 












7 









30 























Total 


63, 300 


16,419 


42, 884 


16. 200 


59, 029 


17, 400 


40, 287 


20, 720 


30, 508 


4,186 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Denmark 


414 


8,109 

7,027 

6,193 

4,701 

4,645 

4,525 

3,203 

3,008 

2.244 

1,625 

1, 535 

696 

386 

91 


312 

1 

1,024 

77 

172 

1 

52 

"""720 
1 
9 
1 



10, 683 

5, 046 

2, 647 

396 

1,129 

8,629 



739 



4,936 

1,068 

180 

555 

615 


269 

6 
624 
70 
40 

37 

91 

1 

14 




10. 999 

5,663 

2,316 

48 

404 

9,726 



61 



9,070 

219 

1,382 

268 

237 


307 
. 

68 

61 

422 

3,446 

3, 580 

3 1,177 

25 

6 

10 






7, 160 

4,650 

710 

50 

3,147 

3,260 



40 

3 39 

3,278 

61 

179 

375 

282 


334 

- 

45 
55 
160 


7,232 




5, 879 


Finland - 


10 
963 

103 
528 
25 
537 


2,884 


Czechoslovakia 

Austria 


134 

1,849 




3,118 






Sweden 


1,682 

3 814 

81 




33 




'591 


Belgium 


43 

31 

98 

9 




5,811 


France 


46 






Italy 






Switzerland... 





591 






Total 


2,761 


47, 988 


2,370 


36, 623 


1,146 


40, 393 


9,103 


23, 231 


3, 171 


28, 168 







1 Preliminary. 

" Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

3 Monthly Crop Report and Agricultural Statistics, International Institute of Agriculture. 

4 Year beginning Aug. 1; International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 
8 Calendar year. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted- 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



39 



Table 37. — Corn: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1936 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Production 


Season 

average 

price 

per 

bushel 

re- 
ceived 

by 
farm- 
ers 1 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 
bushel 
at Chi- 
cago, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
Novem^ 
ber» 


Foreign trade, including meal, 
year beginning July « 


Year 


In grain 
equiva- 
lent on 
entire 
acreage 


Har- 
vested as 
grain 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Net exports • 




Total 


Per- 
centage 
of pro- 
duction 


1866 


1,000 

acres 

30,017 

32,116 

35,116 


Bu. 
24.3 

24.7 
26.2 


1,000 bu. 

730,814 

793, 905 

919, 590 

760, 945 

782, 084 

1, 124, 775 

1,141,715 

1,279,369 

1,008,326 

1,058,778 

1,450,270 

1,478,173 

1,515,862 

1, 564, 537 

1,754,592 

1,751,984 

1,706,673 

1,244,803 

1, 755, 272 

1, 652, 148 

1, 947, 838 

2, 057, 807 

1,782,767 

1, 604, 549 

2, 250, 632 
2, 122, 328 
2, 294, 289 

1, 650, 446 

2, 335, 804 
1,897,412 

1, 900, 401 
1,615,016 
2. 534, 762 
2,671,048 

2, 2S7, 628 
2,351,323 
2, 666, 324 
2, 645, 796 
2,661,978 
1.715,752 
2, 773, 954 
2,515,093 
2, 686, 624 
2, 954, 148 
3,032,910 
2, 613, 797 
2, 566, 742 
2, 552, 190 
2,611,157 
2, 852, 794 
2, 474, 635 
2, 947, 842 
2, 272, 540 
2, 523, 750 
2, 829, 044 
2, 425, 206 
2, 908, 242 
2, 441, 249 


1,000 bu. 


Cents 
65.7 
78.1 
61.7 


1,000 dot. 
480, 483 
619, 789 
567, 275 


Cents 
89 
88 
67 


1,000 
bu. 

16,027 
12, 494 
8,287 


1,000 
bu. 
82 

50 
91 


1,000 

bu. 

15,954 
12, 446 

8,198 


Percent 
2.2 
16 
.9 


1867 

1868 




1869 




1869 


35, 833 
38, 388 
42, 002 
43, 584 
44, 084 
47, 640 
52,446 
55, 277 

58, 799 

59, 659 
62, S69 

62, 229 
62, 545 

63, 026 
66, 157 
68, 168 
68, 834 
71,854 
73,911 

73, 296 
77, 474 
72, 088 
77, 656 

74, 785 
78, 855 
76,914 
79, 832 
80, 069 
90, 479 
89, 074 
89, 965 
87, 784 
94, 914 

94, 591 
94, 852 
94, 422 
97, 177 
93, 555 

95, 228 
95, 746 

95, 624 

96, 094 
95, 285 
98,383 

100,200 
102, 267 
101, 393 
101,451 
100, 206 

97, 796 
100, 623 
100, 561 
110, S93 
102, 195 

87,772 
98, 145 
101,359 
103, 155 
100,345 
101,123 
82, 329 
100, 420 
101,331 


21.8 
29.3 
27.2 
29.4 
22.9 
22.2 
27.7 
26.7 
25.8 
26.2 
28.1 
28.2 
27.3 
19.8 
26.5 
24.2 
28.3 
28.6 
24.1 
21.9 
29.1 
29. J, 
29.5 
22.1 
29.6 
24.7 
23.8 
20.2 
28.0 
30.0 
25.4 
26.8 
28.1 
28.0 
28.1 
18.2 
28.5 
26.9 
28.2 
30.9 
31.7 
27.2 
26.9 
25.9 
26.1 
27.9 
24.4 
29.1 
22.7 
25.8 
28.1 
24.1 
26.2 
23.9 
26.7 
27.3 
30.3 
28.4 
27.0 
28.4 
22.2 
22.1 
27.6 




72.5 
52.1 
46.4 
38.3 
48.3 
64.1 
41.9 
36.1 
35.7 
31.3 


566, 719 
585, 502 
529, 490 
489, 621 
487. 300 
678, 331 
607. 119 
533, 404 
541,396 
489, 567 


75 
51 
40 
35 
60 
68 
46 

4: 

40 
34 


2,140 
10, 674 
35, 727 
40, 154 
35, 986 
30,025 
50,911 
72, 653 
87, 192 
87,885 


90 
111 
59 
63 
76 
39 
53 
33 
15 
37 


2,051 
10, 562 
35, 668 
40,091 
35,910 
29, 986 
50, 858 
72, 620 
87, 178 
87, 848 


.3 
.9 
3.1 
3.1 
3.6 
2.8 
3.5 
4.9 
5.8 
5.6 


1870 

1871 

1872 





1873 




1874 




1875 




1876 




1877 

1878 





1879 




1879 




36.4 
39.0 
62.8 
48.1 
41.8 
34.9 
32.2 
35.7 
43.4 
33.1 


637, 103 
666, 022 
781, 522 
844, 496 
690, 521 
679, 559 
662, 485 
636, 182 
696, 633 
744, 044 


38 

46 
67 
55 
54 
43 
38 
38 
48 
35 


99, 572 
93, 648 
44, 341 

41, 656 

42, 259 
52, 876 
64, 830 
41,369 
25,361 
70, 842 


66 

76 

75 

38 

C 

5 

20 

31 

38 

3 


99, 507 
93, 572 
44, 266 
41,617 
46, 253 
52, 872 
64, 810 
41,337 
25, 323 
70, 839 


5.7 
5.5 
3.6 


1880 




1881 




1882 




1883 




2 8 


1884 




2.7 
3.1 
2 3 


1885 




18S6 




1887 






1888 




3 1 


1889 






1889 




27.5 
49.6 
39.8 
39.3 
36.1 
45.1 
25. 2 
21.4 
26.0 
28.5 


629, 881 
819,321 
930, 451 
745, 902 
686, 225 
728, 922 
638, 059 
572, 154 
593, 905 
670, 820 


36 

58 
47 
41 
41 
44 
26 
25 
30 
34 


103,419 
32, 042 
76, 602 
47, 122 
66, 490 
28, 585 
101, 100 
178,817 
212,056 


2 

2 
16 

2 

3 
17 

5 

4 


103,417 
32, 039 
76, 596 
47, 120 
66, 487 
28, 569 
101,096 
178.811 
212, 052 


4 5 


1890 




1 9 


1891 




3 3 


1892 




2.5 
3 5 


1893 




1894 

1895 





1.8 
4 


1896 




6 7 


1897 

1898 

1899 






1899 




29.8 
35.0 
60.0 
40.1 
41.9 
43.6 
40.6 
39.1 
50.5 
65.0 


789,111 
932, 538 
1,029,317 
1,112,550 
1, 053, 083 
1,172,419 
1,200,756 
1,187,339 
1,319,544 
1,668,955 


36 

43 
62 
47 
49 
48 
44 
50 
68 
65 


213, 123 
181,405 
28, 029 
76, 639 
58, 222 
90, 293 
119,894 
86, 368 
55, 064 
37, 665 


3 
5 

19 
41 
17 
16 
11 
11 
20 
258 


213,121 
181,400 
28,011 
76, 598 
58,210 
90, 278 
119,883 
86, 358 
55, 044 
37, 437 


8 1 


1900 




6 8 


1901 




1 6 


1902 




2 8 


1903 




2 3 


1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 


---------- 


3.4 
4.1 
2.8 

2.1 
1.5 


1909 . 






1909 




61.6 
51.6 
68.0 
55.3 
70.4 
70.8 
68.0 
116.6 
145.9 
152.2 


1.609,544 
1,471,171 
1, 682, 847 

1, 628, 801 
1,599,457 
1,787,351 
1,924,867 

2, 828, 246 
4, 243, 716 
3,714,970 


59 
53 
71 
53 
70 
70 
79 
111 
163 
162 


38, 128 

65, 615 
41, 797 
50, 780 
10, 726 
50, 668 
39, 897 

66, 753 
49, 073 


118 

53 
54 
903 
12,368 
9,899 
5,211 
2,270 
3,197 


38,010 
65, 562 
41,744 
49.913 
* 1,639 
40, 816 
34, 761 
65, 092 
45, 950 


1.5 


1910 




2.3 


1911 




1.7 


1912 




1.7 


1913 .. 






1914 

1915 




1.6 
1.2 


1916 

1917 

1918 




2.7 
1.6 


1919 9 . . 


2, 345, 833 
2,341,870 
2, 695, 085 
2, 556, 924 
2, 229, 496 
2, 429, 551 
1,823,880 
1,860,112 
2, 382, 288 




1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923 

1924* 


2, 678, 541 
3, 070, 604 
2, 928, 442 
2, 707, 306 
2, 875, 292 


151.3 
61.8 
52.3 
74.5 
82.5 


4, 053, 073 
1,899,136 

1, 532, 788 

2, 016, 891 
2, 372, 222 


159 
62 

55 
73 
88 


16,729 
70, 900 
179,490 
96, 596 
23, 135 


10,283 

5,791 

142 

182 

240 


6,509 
66, 116 
179,374 
96,415 
22, 896 


.2 
2.2 
6.1 
3.6 

.8 


1924 

1925 


2. 223. 123 
2, 798, 367 


106.1 
69.9 


2, 358, 497 
1, 957, 239 


106 
75 


9,791 
24, 783 


4,618 
637 


5, 348 
24, 150 


.2 
.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 



40 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. 1937 



Table 37. — Corn: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 
1 866-1 986— Continued 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Production 


Season 

average 

price 

per 

bushel 

re- 
ceived 

by 
farm- 
ers 1 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 
bushel 
at Chi- 
cago, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
Novem- 
bers 


Foreign trade, including meal 
year beginning July ' 


Year 


In grain 
equiva- 
lent on 
entire 
acreage 


Har- 
vested as 
grain 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Net exports * 




Total 


Per- 
centage 
of pro- 
duction 


1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 6 


1,000 
acres 
99, 452 
98.357 

100, 336 
S3, 162 
97, 805 

101, 465 
106, 912 
110. 577 
105, 963 

62, 217 
92.354 
95,804 
92, 829 


Bu. 

25.6 
26.6 
26.6 
25. 6 
25.8 
20.5 
24.1 
26.5 
22.6 
18.8 
15.8 
24.0 
16.5 


1,000 bu. 
2, 546, 972 
2, 616, 120 
2, 665, 516 


1,000 bu. 
2, 140, 207 
2, 218, 189 
2, 260, 990 
2, 130, 752 
2, 135, 038 

1, 757, 238 

2, 230, 125 
2, 576, 407 
2, 103, 308 
1,169,^38 
1, 146, 684 
2, 015, 007 
1, 262, 971 


Cents 
74.5 
85.0 

84.0 


1,000 dol. 
1, 896, 252 
2, 222, 649 

2,259,974 


Cents 
87 

101 
92 


1,000 
bu. 

19, 819 
19, 409 
41, 874 


1,000 
bu. 

1,098 
5,463 

490 


1,000 
bu. 
IS, 731 
14,364 
41, 387 


Percent 
.7 
.5 
1.6 


1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 «.. 


2, 521, 032 
2, 0S0, 421 
2,575,611 
2, 931, 281 
2, 399, 632 


79.9 
59.6 
32.0 

31.9 
52.2 


2,013,509 

1, 239, 861 

824, 543 

936, 093 

1, 253, 251 


83 

60 
36 
35 
52 


10, 281 
3,317 
3,969 
8,775 
4,965 


497 
1,747 
386 
195 
244 


9.78S 
1,572 
3,583 
8.5S0 
4,721 


.4 
.1 
.1 
.3 
.2 


1934 

1935 

1936 7 


1,461,123 
2, 303, 747 
1, 529, 327 


81.5 
65.5 

99.3 


1, 190, 612 
1. 509, 147 
1, 518, 411 


86 
75 


2,324 

816 


20, 430 
31,286 


5 18, 106 
« 30, 470 

















i Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 Prices 1866-67 to 1898-99 are averages of the weekly quotations for No. 2 or better in annual reports of 
Chicago Board of Trade; subsequent prices are compiled from the Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin, average 
of daily prices weighted by car-lot sales, no. 3 yellow. 

s Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and 
Jsavigation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, 
June issues, 1919-26; January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and 
Domestic Commerce. Corn— General imports 1866-1909 and 1912-32; imports for consumption 1910, 1911, 
and 1933 to date. Corn meal— Imports for consumption, 1866-1936. Corn meal converted to terms of grain 
on the basis of 4 bushels of corn to a barrel of meal. 

4 Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus total imports. Beginning 1933 net exports are domestic 
exports minus imports for consumption. 

5 Net imports— i. e., total imports minus total exports (domestic plus foreign). Beginning 1933 net 
imports are imports for consumption minus domestic exports. 

6 Corn harvested for grain; total acreage of corn in 1924 is 98,401,627 acres; 1929, 97,740,740 acres; and 1934, 
87.476,444 acres. 

7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



41 



Table 38. — Corn: Acreage, yield, 'production, and season average price per bushel 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936' 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936» 


Maine.. 


1,000 

acres 

13 

13 

64 

39 

8 

51 

584 

179 

1,256 


1,000 

acres 

13 

17 

84 

40 

9 

53 

734 

200 

1,384 


1,000 
acres 
12 
16 
76 
39 
9 

51 

640 

202 

1,315 


Bu. 
38.6 
41.6 
39.9 
41.9 
40.1 
39.4 
34.2 
39.1 
39.0 


Bu. 
38.0 
41.0 
39.0 
41.0 
42.0 
39.0 
34.0 
43.5 
44.0 


Bu. 
39.0 
41.0 
39.0 
42.0 
38.0 
38.0 
31.0 
36.5 
41.5 


1,000 bu. 

508 

551 

2,604 

1,621 

341 

2,024 

20, 033 

6,755 

45, 487 


1,000 bu. 

494 

697 

3,276 

1,640 

378 

2,067 

24, 956 

8,700 

60, 896 


1,000 bu. 

468 

656 

2,964 

1,638 

342 

1,938 

19,840 

7,373 

54, 572 


Ct. 
83 
83 
84 
83 
83 
82 
83 
78 
76 


Ct. 
115 


New Hampshire 

Vermont. 


115 
112 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 


119 

118 


Connecticut 


118 


New York 


118 


New Jersey 


103 


Pennsylvania 


101 






North Atlantic 


2,208 


2,534 


2,360 


37.8 


40.7 


38.0 


79, 924 


103, 104 


89, 791 


78.5 


106.2 


Ohio 


3,598 
4,563 
9,323 
1,364 
2,069 
4,590 
11,453 
6,223 
1,117 
4,961 
9,803 
6,868 


3,649 
4,270 
8,273 
1,667 
2,395 
4,514 
9,826 
3,940 
1,305 
3,707 
8,078 
4,380 


3,685 
4,526 
9,266 
1,500 
2,204 
4,649 
10, 612 
5,004 
744 
2,484 
7,674 
2,759 


36.6 
34.6 
36.0 
29.8 
32.0 
31.2 
37.8 
25.0 
18.5 
19.2 
24.0 
19.3 


44.0 
38.0 
38.5 
36.5 
34.0 
33.0 
38.0 
18.5 
17.5 
13.5 
13.2 
9.0 


33.0 
25.5 
23.5 
24.5 
20.0 
19.0 
20.0 
8.0 
3.4 
3.4 
3.5 
4.0 


129,257 

155, 968 

336, 738 

39, 171 

69, 926 

143, 136 

438, 792 

146, 489 

18, 522 

78, 447 

223, 843 

126, 756 


160, 556 
162, 260 
318,510 
60, 846 
- 8-1,430. 
148, 962 
373, 388 
72, 890 
22, 838 
50, 044 
106, 630 
39, 420 


121, 605 

115,413 

217, 751 

36, 750 

_.. 44,080 

88, 331 

212, 240 

40, 032 

2,530 

8,446 

26, 859 

11, 036 


62 
57 
64 
63 
72 
54 
62 
72 
46 
50 
61 
73 


90 


Indiana... 


93 


Illinois . 

Michigan. 


98 
99 


Wisconsin... .. 


108 


Minnesota 


101 


Iowa 


103 


Missouri ... . 


117 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska . 


115 
108 
113 


Kansas 


122 


North Central 


65, 932 


56, 004 


55, 107 


29.6 


28.5 


16.8 


1, 907, 044 


1, 597, 774 


925, 073 


61.7 


100.0 




140 

507 
1,489 

460 
2,186 
1,525 
3,676 

685 


142 

516 
1,501 

572 
2,478 
1,852 
4,619 

789 


142 

511 
1,396 

503 
2,350 
1,630 
4,203 

781 


27.1 
31.0 
21.7 
25.0 
17.8 
13.6 
10.4 
10.8 


29.0 
34.0 
24.5 
26.0 
19.0 
12.5 
10.5 
9.5 


29.0 
36.0 
21.5 
23.0 
18.5 
14.5 
8.0 
9.0 


3,680 
14, 431 
30, 388 
11, 054 
38, 415 
20, 240 
36,288 

6,506 


4,118 
17, 544 
36, 774 
14, 872 
47, 082 
23,150 
48, 500 

7,496 


4,118 
18,396 
30, 014 
11, 569 
43, 475 
23, 635 
33, 624 

7,029 


71 
76 
81 
83 
74 
71 
67 
71 


87 




89 




100 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 


105 
91 
92 
94 


Florida 


93 






South Atlantic 


10, 668 


12, 469 


11,516 


15.8 


16.0 


14.9 


161, 002 


199, 536 


171, 860 


73.9 


94.0 




2,919 
2,921 
2,868 
2,177 
1,974 
1,299 
3,184 
4,823 


2,829 
2,802 
3,503 
2,903 
2,183 
1,628 
1,848 
4,995 


3,027 
2,858 
3,293 
2,729 
2,139 
1,481 
1,811 
4,595 


22.4 
20.9 
12.9 
14.7 
16.3 
14.4 
16.6 
16.8 


22.0 
20.0 
13.0 
13.0 
12.0 
17.0 
14.0 
19.5 


18.0 
20.0 
12.5 
14.5 
12.5 
14.0 
6.5 
15.0 


60, 301 
58, 519 
35, 533 
32, 192 
31, 540 
18, 756 
51,842 
81, 922 


62, 238 
56,040 
45, 539 
37, 739 
26, 196 
27, 676 
25, 872 
97, 402 


54, 486 
57, 160 
41, 162 
39, 570 
26, 738 
20, 734 
11,772 
68, 925 


85 
83 
76 
84 
82 
71 
70 
53 


102 




103 


Alabama . 


102 


Mississippi 


100 




100 




94 


Oklahoma.. 


107 


Texas. -. 


84 






South Central 


22, 165 


22, 691 


21, 933 


17.2 


16.7 


14.6 


370, 605 


378, 702 


320, 547 


73.0 


97.6 




133 
38 

188 
1,613 

243 
30 
17 
2 
35 
63 
84 


180 
25 

226 
1,266 

200 
•35 
22 
2 
29 
56 
65 


72 
29 

164 
1,241 

190 
35 
21 
2 
31 
63 
65 


11.8 
33.7 
13.9 
13.2 
14.2 
16.3 
25.5 
24.7 
35.1 
30.4 
31.0 


10.8 
36.5 
10.0 
8.5 
13.5 
18.0 
20.5 
24.0 
36.0 
31.0 
33.0 


7.5 
33.0 
6.0 
9.0 
11.5 
14 
25.0 
26.0 
34.0 
30.5 
33.5 


1,401 

1, 322 

2,341 

20, 847 

3,528 

474 

465 

51 

1,246 

1,902 

2,620 


1,944 

912 

2.260 

10, 761 

2,700 

630 

451 

48 

1,044 

1,736 

2,145 


540 

957 

984 

11, 169 

2,185 

490 

525 

52 

1,054 

1,922 

2,178 


76 
73 
67 
66 
72 
83 
91 
96 
79 
79 
79 


115 




101 




123 




113 




112 




108 


Utah 


113 


Nevada ..- 


116 




93 




95 


California 


102 






Western 


2,445 


2,106 


1,913 


15.2 


11.7 


11.5 


36, 197 


24, 631 


22, 056 


71.3 


109.2 






United States 


103,419 


95,804 


92, 829 


25.4 


24.0 


16.5 


2, 554, 772 


2, 303, 747 


1, 529, 327 


65.5 


99.3 



1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



42 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



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44 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 40. — Corn: Utilization for grain, silage, hogging down, grazing, and forage, 

by States, 1935 and 1936 





1935 


1936 1 




For grain 


For silage 


Hogging 
down, 
grazing, 
and for- 
age acre- 
age 


For grain 


For silage 


Hogging 
down, 
grazing, 
and for- 
age acre- 
age 




Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Produc- 
tion 


Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Acre- 
age 

har- 
vested 


Produc- 
tion 


Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 




1,000 

acres 

3 

4 

14 

10 

2 

14 

178 

167 

1,067 


1,000 

bushels 

114 

164 

546 

410 

84 

546 

6,052 

7,264 

46, 948 


1,000 

acres 

8 

11 

58 

23 

6 

33 

431 

27 

257 


1,000 

short 

tons 

84 

121 

609 

253 

60 

363 

4,094 

270 

2,570 


1,000 

acres 

2 
2 

12 
7 
1 
6 
125 
6 

60 


1,000 
acres 
3 
4 

l l 

2 

13 

144 

161 

1,025 


1,000 

bushels 

117 

164 

429 

378 

76 

494 

4,464 

5,876 

42,538 


1,000 
acres 
7 

10 
57 
24 
6 
33 
396 
33 
245 


1,000 

short 

tons 

70 

106 

616 

254 

60 

346 

3.366 

248 

2,328 


1,000 
acres 

2 


New Hampshire 


2 

8 


Massachusetts 


6 
1 




5 




100 




8 




45 






North Atlantic 


1,459 


62, 128 


854 


8,424 


221 


1,372 


54. 536 


811 


7,394 


177 


Ohio - .- 


3, 423 
4,016 
7,785 
1,234 
1,126 
3,115 
8,962 
3,439 
176 
2,794 
7,533 
2,627 


150, 612 
152, 608 
299, 722 

46, 275 

39, 410 
107, 468 
340, 556 

65, 341 
3,520 

41, 910 
101, 696 

24, 956 


106 
106 
240 
243 
1,103 
483 
314 

44 
142 

93 
130 
526 


1,007 

901 

1,920 

2,017 

8,493 

3,429 

2,795 

198 

454 

465 

390 

1,578 


120 
148 
248 
190 
166 
916 
550 
457 
987 
820 
415 
1,227 


3,409 
4,145 
8,247 
1,067 

573 

2.650 

7,163 

2,452 

30 

447 
1,842 

497 


112, 497 

106, 112 

197. 928 

28,276 

13. 752 

58.300 

157, 586 

25, 746 

285 

3,129 

10. 131 

2,982 


147 
177 
445 
253 

1.367 
883 

1,061 
300 
112 
248 

1,535 
773 


1,102 

974 

2,403 

1,569 

5,741 

3,532 

4,244 

900 

123 

298 

1,842 

1.314 


129 




204 




574 




180 


Wisconsin 


264 
1, 116X 




2.388 




2, 252 


North Dakota 


602 
1,789 




4,297 




1.489 






North Central 


46, 230 


1, 374, 074 


3,530 


23, 647 


6,244 


32. 522 


716, 724 


7.301 


24.042 


15,284 




138 

487 
1,421 

525 
2,417 
1,826 
4,571 

755 


4,002 
16, 558 
34, 814 
13. 650 
45, 923 
22, 825 
47, 996 

7,172 


3 

21 
51 
35 
15 
2 
3 
2 


27 
210 
510 
315 
90 
5 

14 
8 


1 
8 
29 
12 
46 
24 
45 
32 


138 

484 
1,298 

468 
2,274 
1,607 
4,125 

747 


4.002 
17, 424 
27, 907 
10, 764 
42. 069 
23,302 
33,000 

6,723 


3 
20 
56 
25 
16 
2 
3 
2 


26 

180 

476 

200 

88 

9 

10 

8 


1 




7 




42 




10 


North Carolina. 

South Carolina 


60 
21 
75 


Florida 


32 






South Atlantic. 


12, 140 


192, 940 


132 


1,179 


197 


11, 141 


165, 191 


127 


997 


248 




2,741 
2,744 
3,484 
2.852 
2,060 
1,610 
1,737 
4,862 


60, 302 
54.880 
45,292 
37, 076 
24, 720 
27, 370 
24,318 
94, 809 


20 
11 
4 
3 
2 
2 
16 
8 


160 
66 
10 
13 
7 
6 
56 
24 


68 
47 
15 
48 

121 
16 
95 

125 


2,876 
2,796 
3,240 
2,688 
2,009 
1,451 
1,503 
4,426 


51, 768 
55, 920 
40,500 
38, 976 
26, 117 
20, 314 
10, 521 
66, 390 


30 
14 
4 
3 
2 
2 
15 
S 


180 

84 

9 

14 

6 

7 

36 

20 


121 


Tennessee 


48 




49 


Mississippi ... 


38 




128 




28 


Oklahoma ... - 


293 


Texas 


161 






South Central 


22, 090 


368, 767 


66 


342 


535 


20, 989 


310,506 


78 


356 


866 




34 

16 

117 

931 

171 

26 

9 

1 

10 
28 
43 


459 

608 

1,346 

8,844 

2,394 

468 

194 

24 

360 

896 

1,505 


5 
5 
7 
71 
• 4 
3 
6 
1 
9 
17 
11 


8 
45 
38 

213 
16 
15 
54 
9 
90 

110 
99 


141 

4 

102 

264 

25 

6 

7 


10 

20 

66 

931 

140 

28 

9 

1 

11 
35 
43 


120 

700 

528 

9,310 

1,680 

392 

234 

26 

374 

1,102 

1,548 


4 
5 
9 
68 
4 
2 
5 
1 
8 
19 
11 


5 
48 
27 

184 
16 
14 
45 
9 
92 

125 
99 


58 




4 




89 


Colorado 


242 




46 




5 


Utah 


7 






Washington 


10 
11 
11 


12 




9 




11 






Western 


1,386 


17, 098 


139 


697 


581 


1,294 


16, 014 


136 


667 


483 






United States 


83, 305 


2, 015, 007 


4,721 


34,289 


7,778 


67, 318 


1, 262, 971 8, 453 


33, 456 


17, 058 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 45 

Table 41. — Corn: Production, world and selected countries, 1900-1901 to 1986-87 



Crop year 



1900-1901. 
1901-02... 
1902-03.. _ 
1903-04... 
1904-05... 
1905-06— 
1906-07— 
1907-08— 
1908-09... 
1909-10. __ 
1910-11. __ 
1911-12... 
1912-13... 
1913-14. __ 
1914-15... 
1915-16— 
1916-17... 
1917-18— 
1918-19... 
1919-20. __ 
1920-21... 
1921-22... 
1922-23... 
1923-24... 
1924-25— 
1925-26... 
1926-27... 
1927-28... 
1928-29— 
1929-30... 
1930-31... 
1931-32... 
1932-33... 
1933-34... 
1934-35... 
1935-36... 
1936-37 6. . 



Esti- 
mated 
world 

total 



Esti- 
mated 
Euro- 
pean 
total 



Million 
bushels 
479 
566 
440 
. 510 
305 
437 



Selected countries 



United 
States 



Danube 
Basin 
coun- 
tries 



Million 
bushels 
2,662 
1,716 
2,774 
2,515 
2,687 
2,954 
3,033 
2,614 
2,567 
2,611 
2,853 
2,475 
2,948 
2,273 
2,524 
2,829 
2,425 
2,908 
2,441 
2,679 
3,071 
2,928 
2,707 
875 
223 
798 
547 
616 
666 
521 
2,080 
2,576 
2,931 
2.400 
1,461 
2,304 
1.529 



Million 

bushels 

269 



282 
113 
211 
370 
263 
287 
309 
375 
329 



5 354 
233 
275 
309 
404 
427 
468 
311 
250 
522 
400 
460 
555 
429 
507 
427 
535 



Argen- 
tina 



Million 
bushels 

99 

84 
149* 
175 
141 
195 

72 
136 
177 
175 

28 
296 
197 
263 
325 
161 

59 
171 
224 
259 
230 
176 
176 
277 
186 
322 
321 
312 
252 
281 
420 
299 
268 
257 
452 
392 



Brazil 



Million 
bushels 



204 
95 
87 
197 
186 
181 
202 
180 
162 
162 
164 
133 
194 
177 
187 
227 
221 
221 
222 



U.S. 
S. R.i 



Million 

bushels 

34 

68 

49 

51 

26 

34 

92 

64 

82 

55 

102 

95 

94 

84 

2 90 

372 

*62 



46 
46 
118 
125 
92 
177 
136 
123 
130 
119 
105 
187 
135 
189 
151 
110 



Union 
Italy ofSouth 
Africa 



Million 
bushels 



100 
71 



102 
104 
95 
101 
111 
105 
122 
82 
83 
77 



92 
77 
89 
106 
110 
118 
87 
65 
100 
118 
77 
119 
102 
126 
99 
119 



Million 
bushels 
2 
2 
2 
1 

11 
3 
2 
12 
10 
18 
31 
33 
34 
36 
40 
39 
43 
45 
41 
44 
48 
48 
71 
40 



1 Through 1913-14 estimates are for the total Russian Empire. 

2 Total Russian Empire, exclusive of the 10 Vistula Provinces of Russian Poland and the Province of 
Batum in Transcaucasia. 

3 Exclusive of Russian Poland, Lithuania, parts of present Latvia and the Ukraine) and the Provinces 
of Batum and Elizabetpol in Transcaucasia. 

* Beginning this year, estimates within present boundaries of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 
exclusive of Turkestan, Transcaucasia, and the Far East, which territory in 1924-25 produced 26,048,000 
bushels. 

* Production in present boundaries beginning this year, therefore not comparable with earlier years . 
« Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources and International Institute of Agriculture. 

Production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere countries are 
combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus, for 1935-36 the crop 
harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1935 is combined with the Southern Hemisphere harvest 
which takes place early in 1936. 

Table 42. — Corn for grain: Stocks on farms, quarterly, United States, 1927-87 





Stocks on farms 


Year 


Stocks on farms 


Year 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


Julyl 


Oct. 1 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


Julyl 


Oct. 1 « 


1927 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 


1,000 bu. 
1, 463, 041 
1, 424, 775 
1, 419, 901 
1, 386, 390 
1, 133, 655 
1, 556, 996 


1,000 bu. 
872,286 
703, 853 
772, 164 
748, 500 
633, 537 
914, 401 


1,000 bu. 
445, 443 
286, 494 
390, 875 
348, 640 
315, 702 
528,680 


1,000 bu. 
192, 369 
85, 306 
143, 919 
131, 477 
162, 185 
251, 628 


1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 


1,000 bu. 
1, 858, 461 
1, 478, 849 

836, 482 
1, 410, 901 

812, 607 


1,000 bu. 

1, 156, 102 
866, 905 
447, 009 
816, 058 
411, 980 


l,000bu. 
646, 176 
488, 743 
207, 770 
394,794 


1,000 bu. 

326, 530 

273, 287 

61, 655 

175, 222 


1932 







1 Includes old crop only. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



46 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 193" 



Table 43. — Corn, shelled; Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection 
points, total of all classes under each grade, 1926-27 to 1935-36 



Year beginning 


Grade 




November 


No. 1 


No. 2 


No. 3 


No. 4 


No. 5 


No. 6 


Sample 


Total 


1926-27 


Cars 
1,616 
9,682 
25, 809 
26, 394 
18, 176 
15, 469 
12, 217 
39, 099 
25, 329 
19,423 


Cars 
34, 390 
87, 801 
92, 285 
85, 038 
67, 781 . 
91, 136 
129, 825 
117, 613 
46. 966 
44, 937 


Cars 
57, 931 
78, 352 
73, 331 
49, 806 
70, 928 
53, 076 
63. 005 
47. 066 
38. 146 
33, 838 


Cars 
48, 217 
47, 890 
93, 367 
50, 916 
45, 629 
22, 756 
29,343 
14, 113 
15, 758 
42, 264 


Cars 

50, 195 

34, 638 

40, 594 

39, 995 

14, 745 

• 3,987 

6,487 

3,953 

4,435 

61, 418 


Cars 

46, 180 
27, 553 
10, 400 
19, 475 
5,262 
3.159 
7,218 
2,592 


Cars 
31, 171 

29, 006 
7,247 

16, 580 
3,745 
2,465 
6,632 
3,064 
6,618 

26, 104 


Cars 

269, 700 
314 922 


1927-28 


1928-29 


343, 033 
288, 204 

226, 266 
192, 048 
254, 727 

227, 500 
137 252 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 . 


1934-35 1 


1935-36 




227 984 









i Revised standards, effective Sept. 1, 1934, comprise 5 numerical grades. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 44. — Corn: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1936-37 

DOMESTIC CORN IN UNITED STATES i 



Year 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


1926-27 


1,000 

bushels 


1,000 

bushels 


1,000 

bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
36,019 
28, 741 
18. 565 
10,513 
17, 190 
12, 664 
30, 633 
70, 540 
43,752 
7, 657 
14, 440 


1,000 
bushels 
40, 670 
34, 558 
28. 797 
16,079 
17, 383 
14, 176 

33, 855 
68, 946 

34, 497 
6.94S 


1,000 
bushels 
47, 515 
44, 786 
36, 927 
24. 944 
20, 127 
18, 528 
36, 868 
69,424 
28, 002 
5,117 


1,000 
bushels 
49, 759 
48, 273 
37, 744 
25, 671 
22, 167 
22, 693 
36, 151 
66, 314 
21, 352 
7,561 


1,000 
bushels 
39,010 
36, 835 
28, 863 
21,073 
19, 697 
22, 032 
31, 958 
57, 343 
14, 818 
7,650 


1,G00 
bushels 
31, 607 
27, 497 
15, 951 
11,463 
12,337 
20, 903 
38, 780 
46, 257 
10,642 
6,158 


1,000 

bushels 

36, 268 

17, 650 

13, 740 

7,049 

8,175 

16, 117 

48, 618 

38, 312 

7,491 

7,023 


1,000 

bushels 

31, 782 

13, 571 

9,076 

3,421 

8,363 

11, 144 

61 274 

45, 504 

5,637 

4,316 


1,000 

bushels 
23, 324 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31... 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


24, 913 

6,894 

4,421 

4,855 

5,586 

18, 705 

59, 791 

63, 803 

3,421 

4,325 


21. 661 

2,032 

3,639 

4,550 

7,341 

27, 973 

62, 709 

58, 482 

2,060 

4,277 


20, 254 

6,353 

2,982 

7,332 

9,803 

26, 537 

65, 053 

50, 166 

4,466 

8,185 


9,768 
6,340 
4,220 
9,066 
14, 739 
57, 764 
61, 373 
5, 655 
4,537 























UNITED STATES CORN IN CANADA ' 



1926-27 








2,147 

1,891 


1,715 
1,598 


1,788 
1,312 


1,403 
976 


1,781 
626 


1,452 

1,634 


1,184 
1,337 


1,706 
818 


1,188 


1927-28 


2,010 


1,994 


2,263 


510 


1928-29. 


534 


252 


268 


580 


737 


601 


356 


1,759 


1,602 


911 


746 


480 


1929-30 


763 


847 


375 


230 


180 


152 


120 


428 


745 


697 


135 


147 


1930-31 


950 


750 


723 


571 


481 


423 


378 


476 


995 


176 


195 


557 


1931-32. 


500 


1,143 


1,106 


918 


884 


872 


843 


1,051 


992 


817 


549 


759 


1932-33 


2,826 


3,399 


4,211 


3,799 


3,017 


2,221 


1.562 


1,387 


2,809 


3,326 


7,116 


7,076 


1933-34 


7,707 


10, 065 


10, 830 


10, 159 


8,866 


7,822 


6,839 


5,829 


3,647 


2,833 


3,021 


5,809 


1934-35 


6,026 


6,297 


6,047 


5,802 


5,679 


5,468 


5,289 


4,485 


2,179 


1,337 


416 


178 


1935-36 


3 


2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


1 





445 


71 


193 


221 


1936-37 


10 


10 


6 


2 





































i Domestic corn in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and corn afloat in vessels or barges 
in harbors of lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of the month. 

J United States corn in store at 15 Canadian points or afloat in vessels or barges in harbors of lake and sea- 
board ports, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



47 



Table 45. — Corn: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 

15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


July 
15 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 

74.5 

87.6 

84.7 

91.9 

81.9 

33.4 

21.6 

38. 8 

76.7 

71.8 


Cents 

66.0 

73.7 

75.4 

81.0 

66.3 

36.6 

19.4 

40.6 

75.7 

56.4 

94.6 


Cents 
64.5 
75.1 
76.1 
78.0 
64.9 
34.5 
18.8 
42.0 
85.3 
53.0 
95.6 


Cents 
64.3 
75.2 
80.2 
77.3 
61.7 
33.7 
19.1 
43.9 
85.3 
53.5 


Cents 
66.5 
79.0 
86.8 
77.4 
58.6 
32.4 
19.4 
45.6 
84.5 
55.5 


Cents 
65.2 
86.2 
88.7 
74.5 
57.5 
32.2 
20.6 
47.1 
82.7 
56.4 


Cents 
65.6 
91.9 
87.5 
78.3 
57.7 
31.4 
28.2 
47.1 
85.2 
57.2 


Cents 
73.0 

102.5 
86.3 
77.8 
56.3 
30.1 
38.9 
48.6 
84.8 
60.0 


Cents 
88.9 

102.2 
86.9 
79.0 
53.8 
23.4 
40.2 
56.0 
83.3 
61.3 


Cents 
92.4 

102.4 
91.3 
77.1 
54.0 
29.9 
55.4 
55-2 
82.4 
80.2 


Cents 
97.7 
98.2 
96.0 
90.0 
50.8 
30.2 
48.8 
72.7 
80.8 

103.7 


Cents 
95.3 
95.1 
97.2 
91.7 
43.2 
28.0 
46.5 
77.4 
78.0 

104.7 


Cents 
74 5 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35.. 

1935-36 


85.0 
84.0 
79.9 
59.6 
32.0 
31.9 
52.2 
81.5 
65.5 


1936-37 


97.9 


1 99.3 








. 















1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 issue 
of Crops and Markets, p. 530. 

Table 46. — Corn: Weighted average price per bushel of reported cash sales, Chicago 
and five markets combined, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Grade, market, 
and year 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


No. 3, Yellow, 
Chicago: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


Cents 

71 

84 

84 

88 

71 

43 

25 

44 

83 

62 
105 

67.3 
78.7 
79.8 
81.0 
67.8 
43.5 
24.8 
43.6 
86.3 
56.6 
104.1 


Cents 

75 

86 

83 

88 

69 

37 

23 

47 

93 

59 
107 

65.9 
77.0 
78.4 
79.1 
64.1 
37.1 
22.6 
45.3 
95.5 
53.0 
105.1 


Cents 
74 
89 
93 
85 
65 
37 
24 
50 
91 
61 


Cents 
73 
95 
94 
82 
61 
34 
23 
49 
88 
61 


Cents 
68 
99 
94 
80 
60 
33 
26 
49 
83 
61 


Cents 

71 
106 

90 

82 

58 

32 

34 

47 

89 

63 


Cents 

87 
108 

87 

79 

56 

31 

42 

51 

88 

63 


Cents 

99 
103 

91 

79 

58 

30 

43 

58 

85 

64 


Cents 

102 

106 

99 

82 

57 

32 

56 

64 

85 

86 


Cents 
109 
102 
101 

99 

46 

32 

51 

76 

81 
114 


Cents 

97 
100 
101 

94 

42 

30 

47 

80 

83 
112 


Cents 

84 

96 

95 

82 

38 

26 

40 

78 

82 
107 


Cents 
87 
101 
92 
83 
60 
36 
35 
52 
86 
75 


5 markets, all 
classes and 
grades: 1 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34. 

1934-35 

1935-36 


65.2 
78.6 
87.1 
77.7 
61.0 
37.0 
23.1 
47.9 
92.8 
55.5 


62.7 
84.1 
89.5 
75.9 
57.2 
34.2 
22.4 
47.2 
88.9 
57.3 


60.9 
89.6 
89.0 
73.5 
56.8 
33.1 
25.4 
48.1 
84.2 
55.2 


67.0 
98.2 
86.9 
80.2 
56.3 
32.6 
33.6 
46.2 
89.9 
58.8 


83.0 
104.0 
84.6 
78.5 
54.4 
31.9 
40.7 
52.9 
88.0 
60.5 


91.5 
100.8 
89.7 
77.8 
55.3 
30.7 
41.7 
58.3 
86.6 
61.3 


96.7 
102.7 
98.1 
80.6 
56.9 
32.4 
54.8 
63.7 
84.7 
86.5 


104.2 
96.8 
99.9 
97.6 
46.7 
32.1 
50.4 
76 v 7 
81.4 

113.1 


92.2 
97.5 

100.0 
93.2 
42.4 
29.8 
46.7 
80.4 
82.0 

111.9 


79.9 
89.3 
93.8 
80.3 
38.0 
25.6 
39.9 
79.3 
71.0 
102.2 


75.8 
89.2 
88.5 
80.3 
56.9 
33.2 
37.8 
56.6 
85.5 
66.6 


1936-37 


















i * 















i Compiled from daily trade papers of markets named. The markets are Chicago, St. Louis, Omaha, 
Kansas City, and Minneapolis. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics, computed by weighing selling price by number of car lots sold as 
reported in Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin. Chicago prices for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 60. 



130180—31 



48 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 47. — Corn, yellow, La Plata: Average spot price per bushel in Buenos Aires 
and Liverpool, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and year 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Aver- 
age 


Buenos Aires: 

1926-27. 


Cents 
60 
76 
95 
85 
43 
25 
30 
34 
52 
37 
49 

93 
96 
115 
103 
63 
39 
39 
46 
64 
53 
69 


Cents 
55 
76 
97 
75 
34 
32 
28 
38 
51 
37 
45 

95 
97 
123 
98 
52 
44 
37 
56 
63 
49 
63 


Cents 
55 
83 
93 
72 
33 
28 
26 
37 
56 
37 
47 

92 
104 
120 
89 
54 
37 
37 
63 
65 
49 
70 


Cents 
60 
90 
98 
65 
29 
27 
29 
39 
49 
37 
50 

89 
110 
125 
83 
48 
39 
41 
59 
63 
51 
72 


Cents 
63 
98 
96 
62 
31 
30 
28 
43 
43 
37 
54 

93 
119 
127 
79 
49 
42 
40 
56 
56 
50 
72 


Cents 
63 
102 
90 
59 
35 
33 
27 
47 
42 
39 


Cents 
62 
89 
85 
60 
33 
31 
27 
40 
39 
42 


Cents 
66 
90 
79 
59 
30 
29 
30 
40 
38 
42 


Cents 
69 
91 
81 
56 
30 
30 
31 
43 
38 
42 


Cents 
69 
90 
90 
54 
30 
31 
37 
47 
37 
46 


Cents 
76 
85 
87 
56 
26 
32 
35 
61 
37 
52 


Cents 
77 
86 
87 
50 
24 
32 
37 
68 
38 
51 


Cents 
65 


1927-28 


88 


1928-29 __ 


90 


1929-30 


63 


1930-31 


32 


1931-32 


30 


1932-33 


30 


1933-34 


44 


1934-35, 


43 


1935-36 . 


42 


1936-37 




Liverpool: 

1926-27 


88 
127 
124 
75 
58 
46 
40 
62 
60 
54 
76 


88 
129 
121 
91 
61 
47 
40 
61 
64 
56 


94 
127 
107 
85 
57 
46 
44 
56 
59 
57 


91 
125 
104 

76 
50 
42 
44 
57 
52 
57 


91 
130 

117 
84 
47 
43 
50 
60 
50 
63 


98 
119 
113 
90 
44 
43 
46 
75 
48 
80 


97 
106 
107 

77 
41 
42 
47 
72 
51 
73 


92 


1927-28 L. 


116 


1928-29 


117 


1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 .. 


86 
52 
43 


1932-33 


42 


1933-34 


60 


1934-35 


58 


1935-36 


58 


1936-37 





















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in original currencies and units as follows: Buenos Aires- 
Revista de la Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, weekly. Averages of daily official market prices for mer- 
chandise of export grade. New crop used beginning Apr. 1. Liverpool-Broomhall's Corn Trade News, 
Liverpool, weekly. Averages of Tuesday quotations through Feb. 19, 1929. Beginning Feb. 27, 1929, 
Wednesday quotations were used. Prices series converted to cents per bushel of 56 pounds at current monthly 
rates of exchange as reported by the Federal Reserve Board (Liverpool series converted at par prior to 
September 1931). Annual averages compiled from monthly prices carried to 1 decimal. Data for earlier 
period in 1928 Yearbook, tables 62 and 63. 



Table 48. — Corn: Volume of trading in futures at all contract markets, 1 by months 
and crop years, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Total 


1926-27 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
383 
473 
457 
261 
418 
361 
145 
310 
378 
120 
230 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
395 
681 
420 
199 
649 
209 
99 
212 
332 
100 
258 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
261 
511 
690 
196 
600 
119 

74 
120 
255 

54 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
288 
698 
373 
252 
474 
156 
50 
70 
162 
45 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
429 
733 
416 
328 
370 
142 
87 
74 
228 
52 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
313 
745 
466 
283 
380 
204 
291 
224 
330 
92 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
692 
699 
526 
290 
346 
110 
544 
258 
240 
80 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
921 
567 
475 
322 
265 
102 
631 
381 
220 
148 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
575 
553 
520 
498 
381 
98 
816 
440 
192 
416 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
713 
616 
453 
611 
373 
178 
288 
602 
185 
395 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
836 
372 
296 
433 
238 
122 
202 
243 
136 
214 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
588 
467 
269 
461 
246 
106 
359 
296 
197 
113 


Mil- 
lion 
bu. 
6,394 


1927-28 


7,115 


1928-29-. 


5,361 
4,134 


1929-30- - 


1930-31 


4,740 


1931-32 


1,907 


1932-33 


3,586 
3,230 


1933-34 


1934-35 


2,855 


1935-36- 


1,829 


1936-37 



























i Grain exchanges fulfilling conditions of the Commodity Exchange Act respecting location, facilities, 
and rules and which have been designated "contract markets" by the Secretary of Agriculture. Trading 
in grain futures on exchanges in the United States is limited by the act to contract markets. Contract 
markets conducting trading in corn futures are shown in table 49. 

Commodity Exchange Administration. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



49 



Table 49. 



-Corn: Volume of trading in futures at contract markets, by markets and 
by crop years, 1926-27 to 1935-86 



Year beginning 
Nov. 1— 


Chicago 

Board of 

Trade 


Chicago 
Open 

Board of 
Trade 


Kansas 

City 

Board of 

Trade 


St. Louis 
Merchants 
Exchange 


Milwaukee 
Grain and 
Stock Ex- 
change 


Minneapolis 
Chamber of 
Commerce 1 


Omaha 
Grain Ex- 
change a 


1926-27 


Million 
bushels 
5, 981. 6 
6, 588. 9 
4, 924. 4 

3, 799. 1 

4, 318. 4 

1, 795. 6 
3,351.4 
3.017.4 

2, 678. 3 
1, 730. 2 


Million 

bushels 

158.7 

175.0 

144.4 

94.9 

173.0 

42.9 

55.4 

33.3 

28.2 

17.5 


Million 
bushels 
200.7 
290.1 
247.1 
208.1 
208.9 

56.9 
165.0 
165.8 
137.6 

73.9 


Million 

bushels 

24.4 

22.5 

11.9 

4.7 

3.5 

1.1 


Million 
bushels 
28.5 
38.7 
32.7 
27.1 
23.9 

8.7 
13.8 
13.6 
10.6 

7.0 


Million 
bushels 


Million 
bushels 


1927-28 






1928-29 _ 






1929-30 




.02 


1930-31 


9.9 


.9 


1931-32 


1 


1932-33 _ 






1933-34_„ 








1934-35 _. - . 


.7 
1.1 






1935-36 













i Trading in corn futures at Minneapolis began Jan. 30, 1922, was discontinued July 31, 1923, and resumed 
Jan. 31, 1931. 
2 Trading at Omaha began June 16, 1930, and was suspended Dec. 7, 1932. 

Commodity Exchange Administration. 

Table 50. — Corn: Wet-process grindings, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Total 


1926-27 - ' . 


1,000 
bu. 
7,604 
8,612 
7,725 
8,721 
6,253 
6,317 
5,856 
6,142 
5,498 
6,232 
5,462 


1,000 
bu. 
6,404 
8,064 
7,535 
6,453 
5,435 
6,348 
5,569 
8,952 
4,275 
5,894 
5,425 


1,000 
bu. 
5,455 
6,301 
6,550 
6,054 
5,241 
4,630 
5,167 
4,801 
5, 432 
6,128 
5,649 


1,000 
bu. 
6,618 
8,330 
8,364 
7,622 
5,990 
5, 130 
5,758 
4,421 
4,211 
6,356 


1,000 

bu. 
6,511 
8,339 
8,719 
6,568 
5,575 
5,344 
5,022 
5,020 
3,576 
6,113 


1,000 
bu. 
7,336 
9,244 
7,085 
6,065 
5,441 
5,045 
5,830 
5,938 
4,710 
7,088 


1,000 
bu. 
6,851 
8,285 
6,044 
6,615 
5,492 
4,687 
7,117 
4,953 
5,620 
6,209 


1,000 
bu. 
6,365 
6,921 
6,338 
6,623 
5,580 
4,921 
8,862 
5,524 
4,713 
6,242 


1,000 
bu. 
7,299 
6,428 
6,696 
6,100 
5,738 
4,552 
5,473 
6,997 
4,150 
5,386 


1,000 
bu. 
6,727 
5,833 
6,560 
6,103 
5,168 
4,343 
6,511 
5,983 
4,145 
6,502 


1,000 
bu. 
7,309 
5,193 
7,673 
6,561 
4,664 
5,165 
6,045 
6,792 
4,085 
6,898 


1,000 
bu. 
7,561 
6,541 
7,913 
6,473 
5,912 
5,981 
4,645 
5,017 
4,856 
6,778 


1,000 

bu. 

82,040 


1927-28. - 


88, 091 


1928-29 


87, 202 


1929-30 

1930-31. _ 


79, 958 
66, 489 


1931-32 


62, 463 


1932-33 


71, 855 


1933-34 

1934-35 . 


70, 540 
55, 271 


1935-36 


75, 826 


1936-37 



























Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports of the Corn Refiners' Statistical Bureau. 
Table 51. — Corn: Sales of certain products of the wet-process industry, 1927-86 





Corn- 
starch 


Corn 

sugar 


Corn sirup • 


Dex- 

trines 


Corn oil 


Feed 


Calendar year 


Crude 


Refined 


Gluten 

feed and 

meal 


Corn- 
oil meal 


1927 . 


1,000 
pounds 
906, 476 
838, 605 
879, 560 
710, 525 

635, 207 
529, 329 
741, 854 
666, 869 

636, 373 
849, 573 


1,000 
pounds 
896, 739 
968, 601 
894, 986 
849, 315 
802, 052 
776, 854 
836, 650 
633, 233 
363, 018 
424, 807 


1,000 

pounds 

1, 064, 821 

1, 106, 957 

1, 111, 153 

1, 025, 970 

929, 342 

794, 926 

1, 000, 941 

996, 172 

942, 332 

1, 154, 144 


1,000 
pounds 
103, 340 
110, 169 
114,486 
89, 720 
79, 136 
62, 122 
86,222 
69, 947 
71, 856 
93, 352 


1,000 
pounds 
39,524 
43, 507 
53, 661 
40, 004 
41, 076 
35, 127 
37, 246 
42, 400 
27, 200 
19, 825 


1,000 
pounds 
67, 511 
74, 153 
78, 913 
77,924 
71, 537 
76, 437 
81, 153 
87, 109 
82, 077 
105, 446 


1,000 

short 

tons 
648 
659 
634 
576 
479 
542 
508 
599 
472 
563 


1,000 
short 
tons 
38 


1928 


40 


1929- 


27 


1930 


25 


1931 . 


21 


1932... 


18 


1933 


23 


1934 


21 


1935 


18 


1936 


27 







1 Includes corn sirup sold to mixers and quantity used in mixed sirups. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports of the Corn Refiners' Statistical Bureau. 



50 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 52. 



■Corn, including corn meal in terms of grain: International 
average 1925-26 to 1929-30, annual 1932-33 to 1935-36 



trade 











* 


ear beginning J 


uly 








Country 


Average 1925- 
26 to 1929-30 


193 


2-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


193.5-36 i 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING COUN- 
TRIES 


1.000 

bu. 

220, 588 

30, 623 

23, 233 

19.446 

5 8. 534 

4,876 

4,043 

3,828 

3,674 

3,554 
1,786 
1.040 
( 8 ) 

561 
227 


1,000 

bu. 



26 

1, 637 

376 

13 

508 





276 



0) 
381 




1.000 

bu. 

206, 902 

68, 475 
8,775 

16, 786 

16. 369 
6.808 
5,386 
5,785 

8,491 

8,486 

369 

?533 


1,000 1,000 
bu. bu. 
0'21R. 61.T 


1,000 1,000 

bu. | bu. 

230,353 

3 320,857 

« 244 2, 324 

1,269 24,775 

25,212 

16 1, 734 

603 

2,053 

191 

18,341 

41 1 

43 75 


1,000 
bu. 


3 18 

20, 430 
696 

16 

902 





133 

43 


1,000 

bu. 
2S3, 068 


1.000 
bu. 

o 


Rumania 2 .. ... 


2 

195 
25 
-- 

894 





3 42,206 
4,965 
352 
23. 261 
4,337 
4,051 
4,189 

5.125 

1 2. 851 




United. States 

Union of South Africa 


816 
13. 205 
6 379 


31, 286 
96 




6 2,497! 6 10 
57 1 fi 9fu 






2,137 

282 

17, 099 

2 

41 

« 2, 667 

""""210 




Union of Soviet Socialist Ee- 










Esypt 

China J . 


18 31 
7 8 


100 
11 












2 

4 






6 6 

17 





n 






165 1 








Total 


326, 013 

2,512 

738 

23 

69 

1,080 
42 


3,217 


353, 171 


1,157 


320.002 1.613 


326, 714 


22, 238 


328, 271 


47, 767 










PRINCIPAL IMPORTING COUN- 
TRIES 


71, 650 
44, 523 
42,826 
27, 349 
24, 268 
23, 942 
18, 676 
16, 159 
13, 645 
13. 003 
12, 088 
6,593 
5,112 
5.099 
4,588 
2,265 


302 

223 

1 

16 
2,318 
1,694 

1S1 

o 


4 

3 

"*"l62 


109, 589 
58, 945 
17,744 
40, 422 
32, 194 
9,718 
28,821 
16,446 
7,442 
5, 499 
6,122 
17, 738 
9,373 
5,070 
6,276 
2 


260 


119 133 


286 


114.979 


472 

23 



6 

1,324 


143, 348 




33 43. 505 


21 35,721 

17,631 

22J 26,283 

1,075 29,211 

5 6, 195 

8,699 

12,069 

155 8,986 
2. 674 


35, 511 






42 

2,185 

2,073 

....... 

1 
1 

.... 

13 


10, 479 
26. 050 
28,828 
6,602 
10, 199 
10,854 
6. 585 
2.S88 
8.342 
20, 514 
9.288 
2,935 
5,816 
151 
168 


8,119 


France 


23, 602 
35,117 


Italv 






""229 





6 


8,864 




124 

58 

5 

20 


9,563 




6,339 


Spain - 


3,477 


Czechoslovakia 


1 

2 

" 6 

46 



7,120 
18, 013 
1,179 
3,111 
4,713 
24 
3 


4.111 
12, 737 




2.668 


Switzerland 





3,653 
5,360 


Cuba 2 



22 

2 





91 

17 
14 







2.0081 

1, 74S 

« 1,7021 

886 


184= 





1 




lj 5 

78 0| 14 

1, 114 175 


2, 798] 1 
01 22 
1,310 
41 
26l 100 
163 1 262 
0| 966 











10, 756 




2,599 




602 
424 
214 
190 


2 
1 




5 3 

2 35 

229 55 

1,6681 




182 

92 

3,128 






14 
41 



1 




95 


Finland 


3,836 


Total 


,8" 


339, 560 


4,914 


374, 682 


4,880 


308, 933 


5, 585 


299, 265 


2,109 


319, 757 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Calendar year. 

3 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 
* Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

5 4-year average. 

6 Java and. Madura only. 

: Beginning July 1, 1932, figures do not include Manchuria. 

s Included with China. 

6 Unavailable for year beginning July, prior to date shown. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted, 
is included with "corn and corn meal." 



Maicena or maizona 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



51 



Table 53. — Oats: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1936 



Year 



Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 



1,000 
acres 
7,935 
8,176 
8,897 



9,555 
10, 348 
11,061 
11,789 
12, 010 
12, 775 
13,616 
14,589 
14,816 

15, 830 

16, US 
15,955 
16,414 
16,916 
19, 075 
20, 621 
21,974 
23, 351 
24, 426 
26, 272 
27, 807 
28, 321 

28, 697 
28, 275 
27, 756 

28. 168 
29, 266 

29, 556 
.30, 905 

30, 248 
28, 829 
29, 327 
29, 540 
29,254 
31,049 
30, 891 

31, 358 
32, 187 

32, 749 
33, 426 

33, 688 

34, 439 
34, 310 

35. 169 
35, 062 
36, 844 
37, 149 
37,244 
37,245 
37,213 

38, 802 
39, 09S 

41, 604 
42, 464 
37, 991 

39, 601 

42, 732 
45, 539 

40, 324 

40, 245 
37, 650 

41, 857 
44, 240 



Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 



Bushels 
29.3 
27.2 
25.8 



29.7 
25.9 
27.7 
27.7 
25.6 
21.3 
26.8 
22.4 
29.4 
28.0 
25.5 
26.0 
25.5 
26.4 
28.3 
29.4 
29.1 
28.9 
27.9 
26.5 
27.8 
28.6 
29.0 
21.5 
30.1 
25.6 
24.2 
25.4 
29.9 
25.6 
28.8 
28.7 
31. 9 
32.0 
30.5 
25.9 
34.3 
27.5 
30.9 
33.0 
30.4 
23.3 
24.2 
28.6 
28.9 
30.0 
23.8 
36.3 
27.9 
28.7 
37.0 
29.1 
34.7 
33.6 
27.8 
27.9 
33.8 
23.0 
28.5 
30.5 
84.7 
33.8 
31.8 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 

bushels 

232, 360 

222, 605 

229, 676 

282, 107 

284, 004 

267, 947 

306, 218 

326, 759 

306, 906 

272, 501 

364, 967 

327, 212 

435, 330 

443, 365 

407, 859 

415, 440 

417,942 

446, 125 

540, 462 

605, 576 

640, 520 

674, 151 

682, 312 

696, 175 

773, 139 

809, 251 

831,047 

609, 122 

836, 789 

721, 824 

707, 129 

750, 009 

924, 858 

774, 929 

829, 525 

842, 205 

943, 389 

937, 173 

945, 483 

799, 812 

1, 076, 899 

885, 469 

1, Oil, 556 

1, 104, 395 

1, 022, 715 

801, 144 

829, 308 

1,007,143 

1,013,909 

1, 106, 162 

885, 527 

1, 353, 273 

1,039,131 

1, 066, 328 

1, 435, 270 

1,138,969 

1, 442, 519 

1, 428, 611 

1,055,183 

1, 106, 603 

1, 444, 291 

1, 045, 270 

1, 147, 905 

1, 227, 184 

1,304,699 

1,416,120 

1, 405, 268 



Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers ! 



Cents 
47.4 
58.7 
54.1 



46.1 
52.6 
38.5 
32.2 
37.4 
52.0 
36.7 
34.9 
28.8 
24.0 



32.6 
34.9 
45.5 
37.1 
32.4 
27.2 
27.9 
28.9 
29.7 
27.0 



21.9 
41,7 
30.6 
31.5 
28.9 
32.0 
19.3 
18.3 
21.0 
25.1 



24.5 
25.3 
39.7 
30.5 
33.7 
30.9 
28.8 
31.7 
44.4 
49.2 



42.8 
35.6 
44.9 
33.7 
38.6 
43.9 
38.3 
48.7 
70.1 
68.5 



76.7 
53.8 
32.2 
37.4 
40.7 



Farm 
value 



1,000 
dollars 
110, 237 
130, 730 
124, 144 



130, 896 
114, 091 
117,848 

105, 229 
114, 806 
141, 677 
134,088 
114,316 
125, 473 

106, 257 



135, 267 
145, 798 
202, 883 
200, 646 
196, 366 
174, 408 
187, 860 
197, 307 
206, 976 
208, 787 



181, 730 
253, 907 
256, 009 
227, 481 
204, 437 
240, 213 
178, 767 
141, 544 
173, 996 
211, 532 



229,312 
239, 672 
317, 793 
328, 647 
298, 707 
312, 675 
317,843 
324, 231 
355, 369 
408, 010 



433, 820 
394, 163 
397, 213 
455, 570 
401, 485 
467, 789 
550, 065 
554, 341 
1,011,201 
977, 940 



848, 264 
777, 178 
336, 563 
429, 195 
499, 693 



676, 316 
546, 354 



Price 
per 

bushel 

at Chi- 
cago, 
year 

begin- 
ning 

Aug. 1 2 



Cents 



Foreign trade, including meal, 
year beginning July 3 



Do- 
mestic 
exports 



1,000 

bushels 

826 

123 

482 



122 

148 

263 

714 

813 

505 

1,466 

2,854 

3,715 

5,452j 



766 

403 

626 

461 

3,275 

6,203 

7,311 

1,375 

573 

1,191 



15, 107 
1,383 
10, 587 
2,701 
6,290 
1,709 
15, 157 
37, 725 
73, 880 
33, 534 



45, 049 

42, 269 

13, 278 

8,382 

1,961 

8,395 

48,435 

6,386 

2,519 

2,334 



2,549 

3,846 

2,678 

36, 455 

2,749 

100, 609 

98, 960 

95, 106 

125, 091 

109,005 



43, 436 
9,391 
21, 237 
25, 413 



50 16, 777 
41 39, 687 



Net exports 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 

bushels 

790 

986 

478 



2,602 
890 
927 
287 
192 

1,500 
261 
153 
104 
63 



537 
115 
1,932 
885 
121 
94 
149 
140 
124 
132 



153 
42 
4S 
49 
32 

330 
67 

131 
25 
2S 



55 
32 
39 
150 

184 
56 
40 
91 
3S3 
692 



1,063 
140 

2,660 
765 
22, 333 
670 
720 
841 

2,915 
838 



6,077 
3,827 
1,824 
340 
4,271 



3,067 
212 



Total 



1,000 

bushels 

1,199 

•825 

63 



» 2, 403 
«737 
•665 
428 
621 
«995 
1,221 
2,703 
3,633 
5,390 



234 

290 

« 1, 307 

«419 

3,157 

6,109 

7,231 

1,235 

455 

1,060 



14, 969 

1,341 

10, 546 

2,655 

6,258 

1,379 

15,117 

37, 613 

73, 855 

33, 506 



44, 095 

42, 237 

13, 240 

8,233 

1,857 

8,339 

48, 395 

6,379 

2,195 

» 4, 252 



1,704 

3,707 

30 

35, 695 

« 18, 858. 

100,158 

98,648 

94, 348 

122, 273 

108, 167 



37, 365 

5,831 

19, 422 

25,087 

4,550 



13, 926 
39, 565 



Percent 
of pro- 
duction 



Percent 
0.5 



(•) 



.3 

.8 
.8 
1.2 



.5 
1.0 
1.1 
.2 
.1 
.1 



1.8 
.2 
1.3 
.4 
.9 
.2 
1.6 
4.9 
8.9 
4.0 



4.7 
4.5 
1.7 



4.4 
.6 
.3 



( 6 ) 



9.4 



8.5 
7.6 



3.4 
.4 
1.9 
2.2 
.4 



1.0 

2.8 



See footnotes at end of table. 



52 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 53. — Oats: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1 866-1 986— Continued 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers i 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 

bushel 

at Chi- 
cago, 
year 

begin- 
ning 

Aug. 1 2 


Foreign trade, including meal, 
year beginning July 3 


Year 


Do- 
mestic 
exports 


Im- 
ports 


Net exports « 




Total 


Percent 
of pro- 
duction 


1926 - - 


1,000 
acres 
42, 854 
40, 350 
40, 128 
S3, 466 


Bushels 
26.9 
27.1 
32.7 
29.7 
29.2 
32.0 
27.9 
30.0 
20.1 
18.7 
18.4 
30.0 
23.8 
1! 


1,000 

bushels 

1,152,911 

1, 093, 221 

1,312,914 

992, 747 

1,113,050 

1, 274, 698 

1, 123, 892 

1, 250, 955 

733, 166 

458, 780 

542, 306 

1, 194, 902 

789, 100 


Cents 
40.0 
47.1 
40.7 


1,000 
dollars 
461, 577 
515, 279 
534, 389 


Cents 
43 
55 
44 


1,000 
bushels 
15,041 

9,823 
16, 251 


1,000 

bushels 

135 

233 

426 


1,000 
bushels 
14, 988 
9,611 
15, 825 


Percent 
1 3 


1927 


.9 


1928 


1.2 


1929 




1929 

1930 


38, 153 
39, 850 


41.8 
32.2 
21.3 
15.7 
33.5 


465, 740 
410, 086 
239, 109 
195, 826 
245, 332 


44 
35 
22 
22 
36 


7,966 
3,123 
4,437 
5,361 
1,405 


175 
659 
85 
28 
154 


7,680 
2,464 
4,352 
5,333 
1,251 


.7 
.2 


1931 


40, 242 

41, 703 
36, 532 
24. 589 
29, 455 
39, 831 
33, 213 


.4 


1932 

1933 

1984 


.4 
.2 


1934 

1935 

1936 " 


48.0 
26.3 
44.2 


260, 560 
314, 590 
348, 610 


46 
30 


1,147 
1,429 


15, 645 
110 


« 14, 498 
1,319 


_. 















i Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 Compiled as follows: September 1868-July 1899, Chicago Board of Trade annual reports, average of 
weekly quotations for No. 2; beginning August 1899, Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin, average of daily quo- 
tations for No. 3 white, weighted by carlot sales. 

3 Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and 
Navigation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, 
June issues. 1919-26; January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and 
Domestic Commerce. Oats— general imports, 1866-1932, imports for consumption beginning 1933; oat- 
meal—general imports, 1866-68 and 1884-1909; imports for consumption 1869-83 and 1910-36. No exports 
of oatmeal reported 1866-84. 

* Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus total imports. Beginning 1933 net exports are domestic 
exports minus imports for consumption. 

5 Net imports. Total imports minus total exports (domestic plus foreign). Beginning 1933 net imports 
are imports for consumption minus domestic exports. 

6 Less than 0.05 percent. 

7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAIN'S 



53 



Table 54. — Oats: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per bushel 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1985 and 1936 



State and division 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 




Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


1935 


19361 




1,000 

acres 

120 

7 

59 

5 

2 

8 

854 

42 

950 


1,000 

acres 

113 

9 

66 

6 

2 

6 

853 

48 

915 


1,000 

acres 

118 

9 

64 

5 

2 

6 

836 

49 

906 


Bu. 
36.9 
38.0 
31.8 
32.2 
31.9 
29.0 
30.9 
27.6 
30.0 


Bu. 
36.0 
37.0 
30.0 
35.0 
33.0 
33.0 
30.0 
32.0 
29.0 


Bu. 
35.0 
38.0 
32.0 
34.0 
32.0 
27.0 
22.0 
32.0 
26.5 


1,000 

bu. 

4,346 

267 

1,853 

149 

63 

216 

25, 637 

1,181 

27, 585 


1,000 

bu. 

4,068 

333 

1,980 

210 

66 

198 

25, 590 
1,536 

26, 535 


1,000 

bu. 

4,130 

342 

2,048 

170 

64 

162 

18, 392 

1,568 

24,009 


Ct. 
42 
52 
48 
50 
52 
52 
39 
39 
40 


Ct. 
65 


New Hampshire 


64 
63 




64 


Rhode Island.. 


64 




64 




54 




51 


Pennsylvania " .. 


51 






North Atlantic ... 


2,046 


2,018 


1,995 


30.8 


30.0 


25.5 


61, 297 


60, 516 


50, 885 


40.1 


53.9 


Ohio. 


1,834 
2,017 
4,313 
1,420 
2,471 
4,382 
6,159 
1,740 
1,836 
2,239 
2,428 
1,387 


1,407 
1,485 
3,799 
1,402 
2,663 
4,897 
6,100 
1,341 
2,046 
2,215 
2,551 
1,540 


1,210 
1,426 
3,495 
1,262 
2,480 
4,016 
5,490 
1,676 
430 
908 
1,658 
1,694 


34.8 
30.4 
33.6 
31.7 
35.4 
34.1 
35.6 
21.2 
22.0 
27.1 
26.9 
22.9 


36.0 
26.0 
28.0 
33.5 
32.5 
37.0 
34.5 
22.0 
24.0 
29.5 
28.5 
26.5 


33.5 
27.0 
28.5 
25.5 
24.0 
23.5 
29.5 
17.5 
11.0 
14.0 
11.5 
19.0 


60, 392 

63, 810 

152, 009 

43, 854 

85, 527 

148, 841 

218, 730 

39, 595 

38, 397 

59, 033 

68, 421 

34, 515 


50,652 40.535 


26 
24 
25 
26 
28 
21 
22 
34 
18 
20 
25 
32 


44 


Indiana _.. .. 


38, 610 

106, 372 

46, 967 

86, 548 

181, 189 

210, 450 

29, 502 

49,104 

65, 342 

72,704 

40, 810 


38, 502 
99, 608 
32, 181 
59, 520 
94, 376 
161, 955 
29, 330 
4,730 
12, 712 
19, 067 
32, 186 


42 


Illinois 


40 




44 


Wisconsin.. , - 


46 




40 




42 


Missouri 


48 


North Dakota 


41 


South Dakota 


40 




49 


Kansas 


45 






North Central 


32,228 


31,446 


25, 745 


31.2 


31.1 


24.3 


1, 013, 125 


978, 250 


624, 702 


23.8 


42.6 


Delaware. 


3 

56 
141 
139 
185 
365 
300 

8 


3 
46 
82 
69 
240 
449 
378 
8 


2 
39 

78 
67 
245 
458 
386 
8 


28.6 
28.2 
19.4 
21.0 

17.6 
21.5 
18.2 
14.1 


31.0 
28.0 
20.0 
20.5 
21.5 
23.5 
19.0 
14.0 


30.5 
29.0 
16.5 
18.0 
14.0 
18.5 
18.0 
16.0 


97 
1,560 
2,837 
2,883 
3,572 
8,076 
5,741 
116 


93 
1,288 
1,640 
1,414 
5,160 
10, 552 
7,182 
112 


61 
1,131 

1,287 
1,206 
3,430 
8,473 
6,948 
128 


50 

42 
48 

48 
55 
51 
54 
69 


56 




54 


Virginia 


61 


West Virginia 


57 




65 


South Carolina. .. ... 


63 


Georgia 


69 


Florida 


76 






South Atlantic... 


1,197 


1,275 


1,283 


20.0 


21.5 


17.7 


24, 881 


27, 441 


22, 664 


51.8 


64.3 


Kentuckv 


179 
112 
103 
39 
121 
20 
1,157 
1,485 


65 
77 
97 
43 
161 
50 
1,433 
1,670 


78 
84 
110 
50 
150 
40 
1,270 
1,219 


16.8 
16.5 
17.4 
19.8 
18.5 
22.4 
20.8 
26.1 


16.0 
14.0 
19.0 
20.0 
17.0 
22.5 
25.0 
23.0 


13.5 
11.0 
17.0 
26.0 
20.5 
28.0 
16.0 
18.5 


2,992 
1,871 
1,919 
837 
2,358 
481 
25, 434 
39,032 


1,040 

1,078 

1,843 

860 

2,737 

1,125 

35, 825 

38, 410 


1,053 

924 

1,870 

1,300 

3,075 

1,120 

20,320 

22, 552 


45 
47 
61 
58 
45 
50 
30 
32 


54 




55 


Alabama . ' 


69 


Mississippi 


62 


Arkansas 


55 


Louisiana 


46 


Oklahoma 


44 


Texas 


38 






South Central 


3,218 


3,596 


3,001 


22.6 


23.1 


17.4 


74, 925 


82, 918 


52, 214 


33.1 


43.8 


Montana 


295 

136 

137 

180 

30 

1C 

45 

3 

154 

241 

93 


348 
149 
111 
160 
21 
1C 
36 
2 
192 
316 
151 


136 
131 
67 
152 
2C 
1C 
3C 
2 
167 
338 
136 


26.3 
35.0 
25.6 
27.6 
20.7 
27.4 
35.7 
35.6 
47.3 
30.6 
25.0 


22.5 
35.0 
26.0 
28.0 
26.0 
26.0 
38.0 
38.0 
47.5 
29. C 
32. C 


16.5 
36.0 
22.0 
28.0 
20.0 
30.0 
36.0 
38.0 
51. C 
34. C 
30.0 


7,214 

4,820 

3,302 

5,043 

667 

304 

1,648 

91 

7,513 

7,878 

2,394 


7,836 

5,21£ 

2,886 

4,48C 

546 

26C 

1,368 

76 

9,12( 

9,164 

4,835 


2,244 

4,716 

1,474 

4,256 

40C 

30C 

1.08C 

76 

8,517 

11,492 

4.08C 


36 
30 
37 
34 
52 
46 
39 
48 
33 
34 
33 


52 


Idaho. 


41 


Wyoming . 


57 




46 


New Mexico. ..... 


50 




51 


Utah 


46 




48 


Washington 


47 


Oregon 


45 


California 


41 






Western 


1,326 


1,496 


1.18S 


30.6 


30.6 


32.5 


40, 873 


45, 77/ 


38, 63c 


34.2 


45.6 






United States 


40, 01c 


39, 831 


33, 213 


30.2 


30. C 


23.8 


1, 215, 102 


1, 194, 902 789, 10C 


26.3 


44.2 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



54 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



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STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



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56 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 56. — Oats: Production, world and selected countries, 1894-95 to 1936-37 





Esti- 
mated 
world 
total 


Esti- 






Selected countries 










mated 
Euro- 
pean 
total 


















Crop year 


U.S.S.R. 


United 
States 


Ger- 
many 


Canada 


France 


Poland 


England 

and 

Wales 


Argen- 
tina 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 






1894-95 


3,082 


2,136 


683 


750 


453 




294 




119 




1895-96 


3,321 


2,152 


717 


925 


430 




306 




105 




1896-97 


3,177 


2,178 


800 


775 


411 




296 




93 




1897-98 


2,995 


1,947 


664 


830 


394 




253 




99 


1 


1898-99 


3,250 


2,201 


688 


842 


465 




322 




102 


1 


1899-1900— 


3,701 


2,460 


995 


937 


474 




308 




99 


2 


1900-1901 ... 


3,569 


2,308 


854 


945 


489 




285 




99 


2 


1901-02 


3,549 


2,040 


624 


800 


486 




255 




91 


2 


1902-03 


3,902 


2,507 


931 


1,077 


514 




320 




115 


4 


1903-04 


3,705 


2,448 


800 


885 


542 




344 




109 


3 


1904-05 


3,898 


2,554 


1,124 


1,012 


478 




291 




112 


4 


1905-06 


3,829 


2,392 


937 


1,104 


451 




306 




99 


6 


1906-07 


3,768 


2,397 


714 


1,023 


581 




295 




109 


12 


1907-08 


3,834 


2,684 


921 


801 


630 




353 




121 


34 


1908-09 


3,840 


2,585 


959 


829 


530 


266 


327 




106 


32 


1909-10 


3,445 


3,028 


1,163 


1,014 


629 


376 


383 




104 


36 


1910-11 


3,222 


2,726 


1,065 


1,106 


544 


261 


332 




104 


47 


1911-12 


3,183 


2,561 


876 


886 


531 


389 


349 




96 


69 


1912-13 


4,811 


2,811 


1,089 


1,353 


587 


416 


355 




89 


76 


1913-14 


4,835 


3,162 


1,251 


1,039 


669 


430 


357 




91 


43 


1914-15 


4,188 


2,598 


2 915 


1,066 


623 


333 


318 




93 


49 


1915-16 


4,469 


2,301 


3 897 


1,435 


412 


494 


239 




101 


75 


1916-17 


4,078 


2,316 


<845 


1,139 


484 


436 


277 




102 


32 


1917-18 


3,915 


1,811 


761 


1,443 


«250 


428 


«220 




106 


69 


1918-19 


3,797 


1,720 




1,430 


302 


453 


181 




141 


34 


1919-20 


3,298 
4,174 


1,570 
1,964 




1,107 
1,444 


310 
332 


419 

564 


180 
291 


76 
129 


110 
103 


31 


1920-21 


486 


51 


1921-22 


3,493 


1,814 


359 


1,045 


345 


453 


244 


92 


100 


31 


1922-23 


3,872 


2,010 


537 


1,148 


277 


522 


288 


110 


88 


56 


1923-24 


4,349 


2,297 


575 


1,227 


421 


599 


337 


153 


95 


76 


1924-25 


4,179 


2,185 


613 


1,416 


390 


431 


306 


106 


105 


53 


1925-26 


4,561 


2,502 


794 


1, 405 


385 


427 


328 


144 


97 


80 


1926-27 


4,627 


2,865 


1,022 


1,153 


436 


407 


364 


134 


104 


66 


1927-28 


4,400 


2,651 


903 


1,093 


437 


467 


343 


147 


94 


52 


1928-29 


5,020 


3,015 


1,135 


1,313 


482 


480 


340 


172 


101 


65 


1929-30 


4,786 


3,145 


1,084 


1,113 


509 


301 


373 


203 


107 


68 


1930-31 


4,797 


2,859 


1,145 


1,275 


390 


450 


286 


162 


94 


61 


1931-32 


4,136 


2,451 


755 


1,124 


427 


349 


316 


159 


87 


73 


1932-33 


4,508 


2,630 


774 


1,251 


458 


416 


332 


165 


88 


70 


1933-34 


4,265 


3,003 


e 1, 062 


733 


479 


327 


391 


185 


86 


57 


1934-35 


4,096 


2,998 


« 1, 302 


542 


376 


341 


302 


176 


78 


62 


1935-36 


4,727 


2,929 


6 1, 259 


1,195 


371 


419 


307 


179 


80 


36 


1936-37 ».„. 


4,014 


2,725 




789 


394 


289 


294 


181 


76 


56 



1 Through 1913-14 estimates are for the total Russian Empire. 

2 Total Russian Empire, exclusive of the 10 Vistula Provinces of Russian Poland and the Province of 
Batum in Transcaucasia. 

3 Exclusive of Russian Poland, Lithuania, parts of present Latvia and the Ukraine, and the Provinces of 
Batum and Elizabetpol, in Transcaucasia. 

4 Beginning this year, estimates for the present territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, ex- 
clusive of Turkestan, Transcaucasia, and the Far East, which territory in 1924-25 produced 20,248,000 bushels. 

5 Beginning with this year post-war boundaries, and therefore not comparable with earlier years. 
« Official estimates; figures are probably not strictly comparable with those for previous years. 

7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from official sources and International Institute of Agri- 
culture. Production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere countries 
are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus for 1936-37 the crop 
harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1936 is combined with the Southern Hemisphere harvest 
which begins late in 1936 and ends early in 1937. 



Table 57. — Oats: Stocks on farms, quarterly, United States 


, 1926- 


27 to 1936-37 


Year 


Stocks on farms 


Year 


Stocks on farms 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 i 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


July 1 i 


1926-27— 
1927-28— 
1928-29-.. 

1929-30 

1930-31-.. 
1931-32-- 


1,000 bu. 
894, 768 
830, 733 

1, 016, 785 
850, 465 
978, 873 
885, 119 


l,000bu. 
686, 942 
627, 911 
763, 257 
640, 940 
744, 822 
653, 889 


1,000 bu. 
402, 755 
332, 782 
446, 041 
367, 081 
428, 903 
364, 754 


1,000 bu. 
152, 279 
111, 827 
177, 048 
143, 385 
168, 039 
142, 280 


1932-33— 
1933-34— 
1934-35— 
1935-36— 
1936-37 


1,000 bu. 
977, 762 
610,317 
454, 726 
971, 463 
682, 920 


1,000 bu. 
765, 502 
457, 637 
350, 204 
770, 398 
484, 356 


l,000bu. 
469, 398 
276, 539 
208, 928 
493, 787 
287, 745 


1,000 bu. 

204, 977 

107, 691 

71, 354 

246, 952 



i Includes old crop only. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



57 



Table 58. — Oats: Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection poinU 
total of all classes under each grade, 1926-27 to 1935-36 



Year beginning August— 


Grade 


Total 


No. 1 


No. 2 


No. 3 


No. 4 


Sample 


1926-27 


Cars 
1,465 
2,838 
4,408 
4,106 

10, 344 
1,394 
1,370 
2,926 
6,470 
4,322 


Cars 
19, 692 
29, 106 
14, 144 
26, 053 
36, 939 
21, 966 
24, 110 

15, 547 

16, Oil 
12, 780 


Cars 
49, 581 
64, 444 
77, 823 
71, 757 
35, 186 
40, 303 
49, 901 
27, 050 
11,861 
43, 167 


Cars 
28,548 

19, 397 

20, 684 
11, 822 

8,137 
4,059 
7,936 
6,638 
6,188 
26, 206 


Cars 

17, 695 
5,728 
9,305 
3,097 
983 
926 
1,213 
1,703 
5,149 
8,420 


Cars 
116, 981 


1927-28 


121, 513 


1928-29 


126, 364 


1929-30 


116, 835 


1930-31 


91, 589 


1931-32... 


68, 648 


1932-33 


84, 530 


1933-34 


53,864 


1934-35 1 


45, 679 


1935-36. . 


94, 895 





1 Revised standards effective July 2, 1934. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 59.— Oats: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1936-37 

DOMESTIC OATS IN UNITED STATES > 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
47, 123 
23, 815 
17, 314 
29,019 
30, 896 
16, 810 
26, 443 
47, 229 
23, 384 
42, 863 
36, 372 


1,000 
bushels 
47, 421 
21, 949 

16, 219 
26, 097 
26, 770 

17, 096 
26, 406 
45, 177 
22, 332 
41, 893 


1,000 
bushels 
45, 105 
21, 127 

16, 801 

22, 937 

23, 029 

17, 938 
25, 831 
42, 399 
19, 729 

, 40, 770 


1,000 
bushels 
38, 481 
16, 803 

14, 003 
19, 484 
18, 213 

15, 796 
24,195 
38, 190 
15, 656 
38, 205 


1,000 
bushels 
30, 513 
11,667 
11, 493 
16, 519 
13, 930 
13, 621 
21, 878 
33, 013 
11, 686 
35, 500 


1,000 
bushels 
21, 032 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


17, 686 
3,338 
8,592 
11,028 
7,525 
10,657 
28, 430 
23, 369 
8,838 
31, 463 


11, 886 
2,445 
8,668 
9,102 
8,021 
12, 627 
35, 589 
22, 732 
7,525 
38,864 


23,224 
15, 992 

24, 318 

25, 844 
15, 013 
27, 273 
46, 193 

26, 344 
25, 602 
51, 861 


26, 513 
17, 561 
28, 597 
32, 928 
17, 372 
28, 895 
50, 846 
26, 271 
41, 215 
50, 973 


25, 682 
16, 900 

32, 762 

33, 265 
18, 180 
29, 084 
49, 860 
24.245 
45, 701 
48, 639 


24,784 
15, 399 
30, 064 
30, 504 
18, 161 
27, 484 
48, 755 
23, 570 
45, 320 
42, 571 


7,171 

10, 591 
13, 247 

9,681 

11, 839 
23, 959 
26, 237 
11, 003 
31, 043 















UNITED STATES OATS IN CANADA 2 



1926-27 














352 

670 

644 

3,630 

1,475 

165 

1,094 

871 

108 



51 


247 

563 

494 

3,236 

1,110 

11 

680 

488 

93 




218 
438 
424 
2,852 
834 

2 

392 

238 

76 




164 
216 
309 
2,407 
626 



158 

• 81 

55 




635 
57 

716 
1,934 

821 
73 

316 

46 

15 




1,432 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32. 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


1,759 
60 
346 
936 
484 
126 
677 
288 

214 


1,253 

4 

334 

1,106 

207 

144 

661 

241 






1,238 
978 

2,177 

2,679 
110 

1,317 

918 

169 



173 


1,435 
2,326 
4,293 
2,478 

199 
1,530 

969 

139 


100 


1,110 
1,031 
4,435 
2,425 

230 
1,407 

845 

153 


181 


825 

547 
4,410 
2,103 

467 
1,151 
1,133 

126 


133 


239 

529 

1,580 

936 

226 

565 

290 



26 















CANADIAN OATS IN CANADA ' 



1926-27 














14, 868 


14, 846 


15, 026 


13, 835 


10, 732 


7,734 


1927-28 


5,843 


4,438 


2,685 


2,505 


4,923 


8,634 


10, 656 


11, 879 


13, 027 


12, 918 


12, 070 


9,270 


1928-29 


8,247 


5,381 


3,114 


3,847 


9,636 


15, 145 


20, 665 


21, 085 


22, 709 


24, 079 


19, 753 


17, 892 


1929-30 


16, 045 


15, 893 


14, 859 


16, 449 


19, 777 


20, 998 


21, 233 


20, 109 


18, 489 


16, 065 


12, 553 


10, 340 


1930-31 


8,753 


6,689 


5,974 


9,594 


11, 178 


13, 839 


15, 052 


14, 200 


13, 799 


14, 877 


11, 873 


10, 601 


1931-32 


9,074 


8,874 


8,806 


9,527 


10, 823 


13, 577 


15, 582 


14,624 


14, 277 


14, 800 


11, 054 


6,005 


1932-33 


5,659 


6,204 


5,664 


7,273 


8,316 


9,115 


9,236 


9,389 


9,767 


12, 142 


10, 700 


9,692 


1933-34 


10, 308 


12, 252 


13, 501 


15, 926 


19, 328 


20, 192 


20,144 


18, 753 


18, 222 


16, 747 


12, 676 


10, 682 


1934-35 


10, 263 


10, 463 


10, 659 


11,987 


15, 335 


15,910 


16, 705 


15, 490 


15, 368 


14, 164 


9,317 


7,026 


1935-36 


5,772 


5,983 


5,750 


9,980 


13, 769 


12, 243 


12, 234 


11, 513 


10, 902 


12, 422 


10, 505 


8,646 


1936-37 


7,404 


8,155 


10, 168 


15, 712 


17, 645 


16, 016 


15,237 

























1 Domestic oats in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and oats afloat in vessels or barges 
in harbors of lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of the month. 

2 United States oats in store at 15 Canadian points or afloat in vessels or barges in harbors of lake and 
seaboard ports, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

3 Canadian oats in Canada exclusive of farm stocks, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 



58 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 59. — Oats: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1936-37 — Continued 

CANADIAN OATS IN UNITED STATES < 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 

228 

609 

900 

699 

255 

32 







199 




1,000 
bushels 

228 

346 

704 

634 

167 

2 







160 


1,000 

bushels 

171 

247 

801 

615 

3 

2 







85 


1,000 
bushels 

66 

117 

516 

488 

10 

1 







82 


1,000 
bushels 

117 

21 

722 

330 

78 

1 





130 

80 


1,000 
bushel 

208 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30....-.-. 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


19 

122 

377 

91 

55 












24 
12 
341 
146 
13 







26 

123 

341 

21 

41 














141 

283 

49 

41 










139 

211 

429 

27 

41 





266 

156 


296 
711 
670 

7 
32 





23 

242 

7 


199 

577 

264 

238 

40 























* Canadian oats in store and afloat at 16 United States lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st 
of the month. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 60. — Oats: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States j 

1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


37.7 


37.9 


35.6 


39.0 


39.8 


41.1 


42.6 


43.4 


43.4 


43.2 


45.4 


48.0 


46.3 


44.4 


43.9 


44.6 


45.1 


48.1 


49.3 


51.3 


54.5 


56.9 


62.0 


61.4 


56.2 


38.4 


36.7 


39.0 


39.8 


42.5 


43.7 


47.0 


46.6 


45.8 


44.6 


42.5 


42.9 


42.7 


44.1 


44.8 


43.1 


43.6 


43.1 


43.0 


41.4 


42.4 


40.9 


39.3 


33.1 


35.7 


36.1 


34.7 


31.5 


32.3 


31.1 


30.7 


30.1 


30.2 


28.6 


26.1 


23.3 


19.8 


20.0 


20.1 


23.2 


23.0 


22.7 


22.8 


22.8 


22.8 


21.8 


19.8 


17.5 


14.8 


14.4 


13.1 


13.1 


13.0 


13.4 


13.3 


13.7 


17.0 


21.7 


23.1 


39.1 


32.2 


32.3 


27.9 


31.4 


31.4 


32.5 


34.1 


33.9 


32.6 


32.7 


38.9 


40.6 


45.8 


50.3 


50.5 


51.1 


53.9 


54.6 


54.7 


54.1 


53.5 


49.8 


41.9 


32.2 


26.9 


25.8 


27.0 


25.8 


25.5 


25.9 


26.6 


26.7 


25.4 


25.1 


24.3 


35.2 


43.0 


43.5 


43.1 


44.2 


48.4 



























Weight- 
ed 
average 



1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29- 
1929-30_ 
1930-31- 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35. 
1935-36. 
1936-37. 



Cents 
40.0 
47.1 
40.7 
41.8 
32.2 
21.3 
15.7 
33.5 
48.0 
26.3 
144.2 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 issue 
of Crops and Markets, p. 531. 



Table 61. — Oats, No. 3, White: Weighted average price per bushel of reported cash 
sales, Chicago, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
42 
45 
56 
47 
35 
23 
18 
39 
45 
36 
37 


Cents 
38 
47 
38 
43 
39 
21 
17 
36 
49 
29 
44 


Cents 
38 
47 
41 
48 
38 
22 
17 
35 
55 
30 
44 


Cents 
44 
48 
42 
47 
36 
23 
15 
32 
52 
30 
42 


Cents 
42 
49 
44 
45 
33 
26 
15 
34 
54 
29 
46 


Cents 
46 
54 
56 
45 
34 
25 
15 
35 
56 
29 
50 


Cents 
46 
55 
50 
45 
32 
25 
15 
37 
56 
30 


Cents 
43 
56 
50 
44 
32 
24 
15 
36 
54 
30 


Cents 
44 
59 
48 
43 
31 
22 
17 
33 
49 
28 


Cents 
45 
63 
48 
43 
30 
23 
22 
32 
50 
28 


Cents 
50 
67 
45 
41 
28 
23 
25 
35 
44 
27 


Cents 
49 
68 
45 
38 
27 
21 
30 
43 
39 
28 


Cents 
43 


1927-28 


54 


1928-29 


44 


1929-30 


45 


1930-31 

1931-32 


36 
22 


1932-33. 


19 


1933-34 


36 


1934-35 


48 


1935-36 


29 


1936-37 





















Bureau of Agricultural Economics; computed by weighting selling price by number of carlots sold. as 
reported in Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin. 
Data for 1899-1923 available in 1924 Yearbook, table 94; for 1924 and 1925 in 1934 Yearbook, table 69. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



59 



Table 62. — Oats, No. 3, C. W.: Average spot price per bushel, Winnipeg, by 
months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Average 


1926-27 


Cents 

41.6 

57.4 

46.3 

60.6 

35.1 

22.7 

22.7 

32.1 

39.4 

31.4 

42.1 


Cents 

46.2 

56.0 

49.1 

61.1 

28.7 

21.9 

19.3 

28.4 

41.2 

29.4 

39.2 


Cents 
52.4 
56.1 
50.2 
58.3 
28.4 
23.6 
17.9 
24.2 
36.9 
26.0 
38.8 


Cents 

53.3 

53.0 

50.1 

55.2 

23.8 

25.7 

17.8 

25.8 

38.3 

25.9 

40.5 


Cents 

49.8 

54.8 

48.7 

53.5 

22.3 

21.0 

15.0 

25.4 

37.5 

24.6 

44.3 


Cents 

49.0 

54.7 

54.8 

48.8 

21.6 

21.6 

17.9 

29.4 

36.3 

27.1 

48.9 


Cents 

49.3 

55.2 

59.6 

47.5 

23.2 

22.5 

17.1 

29.6 

34.3 

28.0 

49.9 


Cents 

49.7 

60.2 

52.2 

44.1 

23.2 

23.1 

17.1 

29.5 

32.9 

28.3 

51.5 


Cents 

50.4 

65.3 

48.8 

45.6 

23.5 

25.3 

18.0 

28.5 

35.3 

27.9 


Cents 
55.4 
68.3 
44.5 
44.1 
24.2 
27.1 
21.6 
30.1 
35.5 
27.3 


Cents 
57.5 
57.9 
45.1 
42.0 
25.2 
26.1 
22.8 
33.8 
34.6 
27.3 


Cents 

58.9 

52.0 

56.3 

38.4 

24.8 

26.4 

32.7 

37.9 

37.5 

35.3 


Cents 
51. 1 


1927-28 


57.6 


1928-29 

1929-30 


50.5 
49.9 


1930-31 


25.3 


1931-32. 


23.9 


1932-33 


20.0 


1933-34 


29.6 


1934-35... 


36.6 


1935-36 


28.2 


1936-37 

















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in Canadian cents per bushel of 34 pounds, as follows: 
August 1926-July 1934, Report of the Grain Trade of Canada, Ottawa, annual; August 1934 to date, Canadian 
Grain Statistics, Ottawa, weekly. Averages of daily cash closing prices, in store at Fort William and Port 
Arthur. Price series converted to United States cents per bushel of 32 pounds at current monthly rates of 
exchange as reported by the Federal Reserve Board (converted at par prior to December 1928). 



Table 63. 



-Oats: Volume of trading in futures at all contract markets, 1 by months 
and crop years, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Total 




Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 


Mil- 






lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 


lion 






bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


bush- 


Million 




els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


els 


bushels 


1926-27.. 


148, 762 


86, 525 


63, 858 


124, 892 


172, 894 


62, 809 


77, 753 


101, 533 


110, 471 


178, 657 


157, 532 


91, 192 


1, 376, 878 


1927-28.. 


166, 614 


104, 350 


72, 173 


103, 611 


154, 783 


64, 496 


52, 222 


109, 956 


148, 947 


138, 320 


62, 384 


72, 907 


1, 250, 763 


1928-29.. 


85, 693 


55, 100 


39, 779 


49, 393 


43, 201 


63, 951 


45, 065 


67, 430 


67, 707 


58, 084 


44, 009 


152, 134 


771, 546 


1929-30.. 


143, 327 


108, 076 


79, 450 


107, 301 


65, 415 


39, 769 


49, 223 


44, 922 


61, 591 


43, 052 


51, 288 


52, 581 


845, 995 


1930-31- 


174, 716 


102, 631 


76, 232 


110, 209 


86, 594 


36, 758 


35, 356 


31, 934 


68, 232 


30, 136 


36, 238 


41,009 


830, 045 


1931-32.. 


53, 655 


38, 330 


37, 625 


62, 081 


28, 223 


12,304 


16, 388 


18, 058 


35, 478 


19, 045 


19, 953 


27,302 


368, 442 


1932-33.. 


53, 226 


22,278 


20, 523 


37,094 


12, 927 


6,590 


7,344 


13, 409 


62, 407 


64, 854 


242, 885 


260, 834 


804, 371 


1933-34. _ 


164, 684 


106, 465 


149, 029 


121,491 


67, 064 


44, 377 


32, 248 


51, 041 


125, 228 


163, 267 


171, 357 


96, 002 


1, 292, 253 


1934-35.. 


158, 110 


84, 744 


71, 075 


53, 719 


64, 690 


53, 214 


31, 506 


49, 660 


60, 007 


60, 959 


53, 175 


64, 126 


804, 985 


1935-36.. 


114, 932 


79, 790 


44, 623 


47, 321 


39, 922 


17, 067 


14, 526 


31, 680 


72, 372 


35, 743 


92, 569 


260, 104 


850, 649 


1936-37.. 


197, 617 


65,054 


39, 280 


96, 930 


146, 459 



































i Grain exchanges fulfilling conditions of the Commodity Exchange Act respecting location, facilities , 
and rules, and which have been designated "contract markets" by the Secretary of Agriculture. Trading 
in grain futures on exchanges in the United States is limited by the act to contract markets. Contract 
markets conducting trading on oats futures are shown in table 64. 

Commodity Exchange Administration. 



Table 64.— Oats: 



Volume of trading in futures at contract markets, by markets 
and by crop years, 1926-27 to 1935-36 



Year beginning Aug. 1 


Chicago 

Board of 

Trade 


Chicago 

Open Board 

of Trade 


Minneapo- 
lis Chamber 
of Com- 
merce 


Milwaukee 
Grain and 

Stock 
Exchange 


Kansas 

City Board 

of Trade 


New York 

Produce 

Exchange 1 


1926-27 


Million bu. 

1, 144. 5 

1, 095. 

677.0 

728.4 

728.8 

317.8 

722.0 

1, 164. 7 

723.9 

715.7 


Million bu. 
14.0 
13.6 
5.1 
5.5 
5.0 
1.7 
2.0 
6.8 
5.9 
3.3 


Million bu. 

200.5 

131.6 
81.4 

102.3 
88.5 
42.9 
75.4 

113.7 
70.3 

121.3 


Million bu. 
15.8 
10.6 
8.0 
9.8 
7.5 
5.9 
4.9 
7.1 
4.7 
4.4 


Million bu. 
1.4 
( 2 ) 


Million bu. 
0.7 


1927-28 




1928-29 




1929-30 






1930-31 


.2 
( J ) 




1931-32 




1932-33..- 




1933-34 






1934-35 


.3 

5.4 




1935-36 









1 Trading in oats futures at New York 5 months only. 
1 Less than 50,000 bushels. 
Commodity Exchange Administration. 



60 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 65. — Oats, including oatmeal, in terms of grain: International trade, average 
1925-26 to 1929-30, annual 1932-38 to 1935-36 





Year beginning July 


Country 


Average 1925-26 
to 1929-30 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 i 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Im- 
ports 


Exports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Exports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Argentina.. .. .. . 


1,000 

bushels 

29, 280 

20, 070 

17, 754 

16, 656 

3,861 

3,676 

3,305 

3,302 

2,713 

2,517 
2,134 
1,764 
1,556 
495 


1,000 
bushels 

2 91 

15,581 

207 

2,899 

"l,~260~ 

1,622 

2 

1,499 


2 

588 

81 

M8 


1,000 
bushels 
33, 892 

635 
5,361 
14, 158 

682 
9,455 

145 
4 2, 067 

863 

1,670 

1,252 

409 

483 

2 


1,000 
bush- 
els 

75 
1,275 

15 
2,144 

2 

176 
4 
30 



200 
1 
2 


1,000 

bushels 

20, 970 

6,127 

1,405 

8,336 

4,030 

2,676 

88 

4 1,619 

948 

8,674 

2,579 

177 

146 

104 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
66 
360 
U54 
21 
-- 

2 
4 
15 





878 

66 




1,000 
bush- 
els 
43, 753 
43 
1,147 
17, 407 
4,204 
97 
4 
4 193 
3,049 

9,082 
4 
441 
1,440 
947 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
52 
14,428 
15, 645 
15 
-- 

4 

4 



34 



422 






1,000 

bushels 

10, 072 

2 

1,429 

14, 892 

2,444 

330 

4 

4 1, 199 

7,754 

10, 434 
314 
674 
824 
401 


1,000 
bush- 
els 


Germany ... 


1,395 


United States.. . . 


110 


Canada... ... ... 


17 


Chile 




Czechoslovakia 

Irish Free State.. 


39 
4 


Rumania 


4 


Poland 


1 


Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics 


25 


Hungary 





Algeria . 


165 


Tunisia 


2 


Yugoslavia 3 


3 






Total 


109, 083 


23,880 


71, 074 


3,920 


57, 879 


1, 564 


81,807 


30, 601 


50, 769 


1,757 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

UnitedKingdom 

Switzerland 

Belgium .. 


1,170 

5 

46 

412 
9 

648 
8 

217 

902 

25 



110 
8 


155 

148 


30, 339 

10, 936 

8,210 

7,851 

7,016 

6,598 

6,092 

3,255 

2,956 

1,891 

1,242 

1,127 

714 

693 

276 

160 


348 

10 

55 

82 



15 

4 

232 

372 

8 



35 

4 



392 

42 


23, 730 

15,642 

3,310 

8,251 

9,551 

4,979 

2,131 

1,243 

1,972 

401 

353 



41 



16 

71 


247 

10 

4 

59 

1 

556 

3 

133 

79 

27 



1 

.. 

198 

55 


21,121 

14, 827 

1,367 

3,738 

7,781 

843 

1,288 

1,636 

2,886 

1,783 

173 

7 

8 



5 

90 


286 
8 
5 

32 



99 

3 

2,120 

150 

5 





~"~ 4 ~48~ 
820 

81 


12, 428 

13. 803 
1,519 
2,561 

14, 863 
1,289 
1,091 
2,696 

93 

172 

144 



63 

4 

10 

280 


278 
5 
5 

691 


12, 729 

13, 648 
3,209 


Netherlands . 


1,660 


Italy 




France. . 


24 

2 

1,416 

572 




1,481 


Austria ... 


1,943 


Denmark.. 


598 


Sweden... . 


839 


Finland 

Cuba 5 


2,322 


Latvia 6 






Nor way.. . . .. 


------- 

4 317 
32 


156 


Estonia . . .. 


4 138 


Australia. ... 


4 7 


Union of South Africa... 


79 


Total 


3,863 


89, 356 


1,599 


71, 691 


1,373 


57, 553 


3,657 


51,012 


3,342 


38, S09 







1 Preliminary. 

2 3-year average. 

s Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

4 Monthly Crop Report and Agricultural Statistics, International Institute of Agriculture. 

8 Calendar year. 

8 Year beginning Aug. 1, International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



61 



Table 66. — Barley: Acreage, 'production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1986 



Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 



1,000 
acres 
754 
1,058 
1,064 



1, 238 23. 5 

1, 331 21. 8 

1, 348 20. 5 

1, 421 22. 5 

1, 473 20. 7 

1, 628 22. 2 

1, 702 19. 3 

1, 973 20. 6 

1, 962 20. 

1, 848 20. 3 

1,998 22.0 

1, 926 22. 

1, 990 22. 7 

2, 201 22. 3 
2, 434 24. 7 
2, 474 23. 1 
2, 694 25. 2 

2, 862 22. 3 

3. 027 24. 3 
3. 258 22. 2 
3. 283 23. 1 
3, 221 24- 3 
3, 352 24. 1 
3, 250 21. 5 
3. 590 26. 2 
3, 857 24. 7 
3, 689 23. 6 

3, 639 20. 4 
4, 185 25. 
4, 131 23. 6 
4, 120 24. 9 
4,113 23.9 
4, 470 26. 8 

4. 472 26. 4 

4, 703 20. 5 

4, 963 24. 9 

5, 474 26. 7 

6, 231 24. 
6, 579 25. 2 
6. 658 25. 8 
6, 744 26. 6 

6, 854 22. 

7, 409 23. 1 
7, 699 22. 5 
7, 697 22. 5 
7, 546 18. 9 
7, 613 19. 1 
7, 542 26. 1 
7, 673 20. 7 
7, 653 23. 2 
7, 279 28. 4 

7, 623 20. 9 

8, 453 21. 6 
9, 198 24. 5 

6. 473 18. 9 

6, 579 19. 9 

7, 439 23. 
7, 074 18. 8 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Aver- 
age 
yield 
per 
acre 



Bushels 
24.0 
22.5 
21.8 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
bushels 
18, 095 
23, 850 
23, 200 
29, 761 
29, 099 

29, 047 
27, 690 
32, 005 

30, 536 

36. 125 
32, 812 
40,711 

39. 173 
37, 448 
43,997 
42, 369 
45, 261 
48, 984 
60, 072 

57. 126 
67, 919 
63, 963 

73, 503 
72, 395 
75, 980 
78, 333 
80, 790 
69,880 
94, 160 
95, 170 
87, 109 

74, 211 
104, 475 

97, 479 
102, 575 

98. 174 
119, 635 
118, 161 

96, 588 
123, 800 
146, 207 

149, 335 
166, 103 
171,639 
179, 148 

150, 584 
170, 780 
173, 344 
173, 069 
142, 419 
145, 074 
196, 927 
158, 820 
177, 712 
206, 976 
159, 157 
182, 209 
225, 067 
122, 025 

131, 086 
171,042 

132, 702 



Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers l 



Cents 
95.2 
121.8 
149.0 



87.2 
85.3 
77.1 
73.8 
96.3 
96.2 
85.6 
68.5 
63.3 
58.4 



66.3 
81.9 
63.1 
58.9 
48.3 
55.7 
53.1 
52.0 
59.1 



41.5 
62.1 
52.2 
46.6 
40.2 
43.7 
32.8 
29.6 
34.3 



38.8 
40.7 
45.4 
45.3 
44.7 
41.2 
39.4 
41.8 
66.5 
56.6 



55.8 
60.7 
82.5 
50.9 
52.5 
53.7 
52.0 
80.4 
123.2 
95.1 



124.4 
84.4 
47.8 



Farm 
value 



1,000 
dollars 
17, 231 
29, 060 
34, 560 



25, 386 
24, 764 
21, 343 

23, 623 
29, 392 
34, 753 
28,090 
27, 894 

24, 780 
21, 861 



25, 359 
30, 011 
40, 100 
37, 903 
33, 632 
32, 816 
35, 642 
39, 042 
37, 612 
44,883 



33, 508 
43, 422 
49, 182 
44,388 
35,009 
32, 438 
34,280 
28, 888 
35, 212 
38, 169 



45, 847 
39, 309 
56, 202 
66, 262 
66, 783 
68, 453 
67,646 
74, 867 
100, 192 
96, 691 



96, 656 
86, 482 
119, 699 
100, 290 
83, 405 
95, 392 
107, 718 
127, 982 
224, 466 
214, 063 



163, 045 
144, 276 
63, 471 



Price 
per 

bushel 

at Chi- 
cago, 
year 

begin- 
ning 

August 2 



Cents 



48 
66 
49 
55 
111 
102 
51 
39 
37 
40 



50 

74 

86 

54 

M7 

M2 

42 

M5 

63 

53 



42 
66 
50 
50 
48 
51 
31 
30 
«40 
45 



67 
92 

122 
68 

65 
72 

69 
119 
146 
104 



145 
78 

61 



Foreign trade, including barley, 
flour, and malt, year beginning 
Julys 



Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 4 



1,000 
bushels 



255 

340 

87 

482 

320 

91 

318 

1,186 

3,922 

716 



1,134 
893 
218 
454 
760 
667 
301 

1,349 
632 

1,511 



1,486 
1,065 
2,893 
3,139 
5,301 
1,711 
7,862 
20, 294 
11, 607 
2,679 



23, 931 
6,619 
9,079 
8,745 
11, 280 
11, 105 
18, 531 
8,616 
4,554 
6,729 



4,454 

9,507 

1,655 

17, 874 

6,945 

28,712 

30, 821 

20, 319 

28,717 

29, 324 



34, 691 
27, 255 
27, 546 



Im- 
ports * 



1,000 
bushels 
3,247 
3,784 
5,070 



6,728 
4,867 
5,566 
4,498 
5,114 
6,386 
10, 547 
6,989 
7,267 
6,210 



8,066 
10, 152 
13, 217 
11,284 

8,738 
10, 331 
10, 491 

10, 546 
11,029 

11, 505 



11,530 
5,191 
3,151 
1,973 

796 
2,127 

842 
1,282 

129 

115 



194 
175 
60 
59 
94 
84 
20 
41 
202 
4 




187 
772 

15 
351 
103 

37 
461 
517 

24 



335 
20 



Net balance 6 



Total 



1,000 
bushels 
-2, 877 
-3, 774 
-5,011 



-6,915 
- 9,259 
-12,999 
-10, 818 

-7, 977 

-9, 658 
-10, 175 

-9, 156 
-10, 392 

-9, 994 



-10, 035 

-3, 825 

+247 

+1,200 

+4, 536 

-405 

+7, 036 

+19, 021 

+11,478 

+2, 566 



+23, 759 
+6, 445 
+9,019 
+8, 686 
+11, 187 
+11,021 
+18, 510 
+8, 632 
+4, 370 
+6, 725 



+4, 449 
+9, 320 
-1,117 
+17, 859 
+6, 594 
+28, 609 
+30, 783 
+19, 858 
+2S, 200 
+29, 301 



+34, 356 
+27, 234 
+27, 538 



Per- 
cent- 
age of 
pro- 
duc- 
tion 



0.3 
1.3 
5.2 



6.7 
19.5 
11.2 

2.6 



20.1 
6.7 
7.3 
5.9 
7.5 
6.6 

10.8 
4.8 
2.9 



2.6 
6.5 



9.1 
4.2 
16.1 
14.9 
12.5 
15.5 
13.0 



62 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 66. — Barley: Acreage, -production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1936— Continued 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers J 


Farm 
value 


Price 
per 

bushel 
at Chi- 
cago, 
year 
begin- 
ning 
August 2 


Foreign trade, including barley, 
flour, and malt, year beginning 
July 3 


Year 


Do- 
mestic 

ex- 
ports 4 


Im- 
ports » 


Net balance • 


Total 


Per- 
cent- 
age of 
pro- 
duc- 
tion 


1922 


1,000 
acres 
6,601 
7,151 
6,767 
7,C38 
8,186 
7,917 
9,465 
12. 735 

12, 891 

13. 526 
12, 595 
11, 189 
13, 178 

9,687 
6,193 
6,553 
12, 371 
8,322 


Bushels 
23.2 
22.2 
23.5 
23.5 
23.5 
21.0 
25.3 
25.8 
20.4 
20.7 
23.8 
17.8 
22.6 
15.9 
17.8 
17.8 
23.1 
17.7 


1,000 
bushels 

152, 908 
158, 994 
159, 139 

165, 318 
192, 466 

166, 030 
239, 071 
328, 351 
263, 590 
279, 924 
300, 205 
199. 391 
298, 313 

153, 767 

no, 042 

116, 680 
285, 774 
147, 452 


Cents 
49.9 
54.6 


1,000 
dolliTS 
76, 314 
86, 868 


Cents 
65 

72 


1,000 
bushels 
21, 909 
13,913 


1,000 

bushels 
38 
55 


1,000 

bushels 

+21,871 

+13,858 


Percent 
14 3 


1923 - 


8 7 


1924 




1924 


74.2 
61.4 
57.9 
68.9 
56.8 


122, 690 
118, 191 
96, 071 
164, 775 
186, 485 


90 
72 

77 
91 
60 


28, 543 
30. 448 
19, 655 
39. 274 
60, 295 


48 
53 
49 
45 
45 


+28, 495 
+30, 395 
+19, 605 
+39. 230 
+60, 249 


17 2 


1925 


15.8 


1926 - 


11 8 


1927 


16 4 


1928 


18 3 


1929 




1929 


53.9 
40.5 
32.8 
22.1 
43.5 


150, 782 
121, 609 
65, 306 
65, 960 
66, 879 


62 
54 
40 
38 
72 


24, 054 
11. 443 
5,469 
9,399 
6,111 


41 
1,413 
1,509 
1,406 
4,560 


+24, 013 
+10,030 
+3, 960 
+7, 993 
+1,551 


8.6 


1930 . 


3 3 


1931 -. 


2 


1932 


2 7 


1933 


1.0 


1934 




1934 .-. 


68.6 
37.8 
80.0 


79, 994 
107, 997 
118, 007 


•93 

47 


4,126 
9,926 


18, 239 
7,885 


-14, 113 
+2,041 




1935 

1936 10 


.7 















1 Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 From Bureau of Labor Statistics, wholesale price bulletins— monthly quotations, August 1919-Septem- 
ber 1927, Fair to Good malting. B eginning October 1927, grade reported as feeding, but as quality remained 
unchanged, no change was made in comparative prices. 

3 Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and Navi- 
gation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June 
issues. 1919-26; January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic 
Commerce. Malt converted to terms of barley on the basis that 1.1 bushels of malt is the product of 1 
bushel of barley. Barley flour "con verted on the basis that 1 barrel of flour is the product of 9 bushels of barley. 

4 Malt not reported prior to 1869, reported in value only 1869-79. Barley flour not reported prior to 1918. 
« Barley— general imports 1866-1908, imports for consumption 1909-36. Malt not reported prior to 1870; 

reported in value only 1870-72. General imports 1870-1913, imports for consumption 1914-36. Flour not 
reported prior to 1914; imports for consumption 1915-36. 

« The difference between total exports (i. e., domestic exports plus reexports) and total imports. Net 
exports indicated by +, net imports indicated by — . 

7 Less than 30 weeks reported. 

» Average for 11 months. 

9 Beginning August 1934 price changed to barley, malting, at Minneapolis. 

10 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



63 



Table 67. — Barley: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936' 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936' 


1935 


1936 i 




1,000 

acres 

3 

4 

178 

1 

48 


1,000 

acres 

5 

4 

154 

1 

58 


1,000 

acres 

5 

5 

151 

1 

63 


Bush- 
els 
29.9 
26.9 
26.6 
28.6 
23.7 


Bush- 
els 
28.0 
27.0 
27.0 
30.0 
26.5 


Bush- 
els 
28.0 
28.0 
18.0 
22.0 
28.0 


1,000 

bushels 

94 

100 

4,521 

28 

1,173 


1,000 

bushels 

140 

108 

4,158 

30 

1,537 


1,000 

bushels 

140 

140 

2,718 

22 

1,764 


Cents 
68 
64 
50 
52 
56 


Cents 
82 


Vermont . . 


84 


New York . . . 


81 


New Jersey 


70 




75 






North Atlantic 


233 


222 


225 


26.4 


26.9 


21.3 


5,916 


5,973 


4,784 


52.2 


78.9 


Ohio 


141 

48 

410 

258 

730 

2,028 

622 

15 

2,387 

1,891 

708 

556 


17 

21 

80 

185 

929 

2,345 

576 

76 

2,380 

2,152 

690 

260 


20 

20 

100 

179 

873 

2,040 

392 

80 

476 

839 

552 

364 


26.0 
21.7 
29.7 
24.8 
30.3 
25.2 
28.8 
18.6 
17.6 
19.6 
21.4 
15.1 


27.0 
22.0 
24.5 
27.0 
27.5 
25.5 
26.5 
17.0 
18.0 
19.5 
22.0 
14.0 


26.0 
19.0 
27.0 
20.0 
20.5 
15.5 
18.0 
17.0 
9.5 
10.7 
10.0 
11.0 


3,548 

1,027 
11, 707 

6,288 
22, 178 
49, 615 
17,8S2 
270 
39, 055 
35, 277 
15, 386 

9,772 


459 
462 

1,960 

4,995 
25, 548 
59, 798 
15, 264 

1,292 
42, 840 
41, 964 
15, 180 

3,640 


520 
380 
2,7C0 
3, 5S0 
17, 896 
31, 620 
7,056 
1,360 
4,522 
8,977 
5,520 
4,004 


41 
45 
44 
48 
57 
37 
36 
54 
25 
30 
35 
51 


64 


Indiana .- ... 


74 


Illinois . . .- 


98 




95 




HI 




96 




87 




102 


North Dakota 

South Dakota ._ 


67 
70 
70 


Kansas . . 


71 






North Central 


9.794 


9,711 


5,935 


22.1 


22.0 


14.9 


212, 005 


213, 402 


88, 135 


36.1 


91.3 


Maryland 


17 

21 

23 

20 


37 

44 
4 
9 


40 

45 
5 
9 


28.6 

25.9 

2 24.5 

2 18.1 


34.5 
26.0 
27.0 
19.0 


25.0 
20.0 
22.5 

17.0 


510 
562 
«76 
361 


1,276 

1,144 

108 

171 


1,000 
900 
112 
153 


50 
58 
61 
77 


66 




78 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 


75 
93 


South Atlantic 


61 


94 


99 


24.4 


28.7 


21.9 


1,493 


2,699 


2,165 


55.6 


73.3 


Kentucky 


8 
17 
86 
190 


17 

28 
95 
99 


22 
27 
78 
89 


22.3 
17.9 
15.6 

17.8 


21.0 
16.5 
16.5 
15.0 


20.0 
16.0 
10.0 
14.0 


177 

315 

1,389 

3,522 


357 

462 

1,568 

1,485 


440 

432 

780 

1,246 


54 
68 

50 
49 


86 




89 


Oklahoma — 

Texas 


70 
55 






South Central 


301 


239 


216 


17.2 


16.2 


13.4 


5,404 


3,872 


2,898 


52.1 


68. S 


Montana . ... 


196 
147 
109 
512 

8 
17 
39 

6 

51 

78 

1,092 


151 

113 

60 

321 

7 

32 

45 

6 

65 

112 

1,193 


57 

104 

35 

360 

6 

22 

47 

7 

60 

99 

1,050 


21.8 
32.5 
22.1 
18.2 
18.0 
29.3 
36.5 
38.2 
31.4 
28.3 
26.5 


19.0 
35.0 
24.0 
20.0 
23.0 
33.0 
38.0 
38.0 
30.5 
27.0 
31.0 


14.0 
33.0 
22.0 
18.5 
21.0 
33.0 
37.0 
32.0 
35.0 
30.0 
28.5 


3.826 

4,896 

2,219 

9,635 

168 

489 

1,508 

233 

1,540 

2,310 

29, 594 


2,869 
3,955 
1,440 
6,420 

161 
1.056 
1,710 

228 

1,982 

3,024 

36, 983 


798 
3,432 

770 
6,660 

126 

726 
1,739 

224 
2,100 
2,970 
29, 925 


45 
40 
46 
44 
56 
53 
51 
55 
44 
47 
38 


73 


Idaho.. 


63 


Wyoming „ . 


84 




71 




60 




50 


Utah.. .- 


68 




76 


Washington 


65 




73 


California. - . 


56 






Western... 


2,255 


2,105 


1,847 


25.0 


28.4 


26.8 


56, 419 


59, 828 


49, 470 


40.7 


61.1 






United States 


12, 645 


12, 371 


8,322 


22.6 


23.1 


17.7 


281. 237 


285, 774 


147, 452 


37.8 


80.0 



i Preliminary. 

2 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

130180—37 3 



64 



? : 3c 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 






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STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



65 



26, 733 
19,421 
13, 905 
74, 033 


CM 
CO 


OO 

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00 o 

CO — T 
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58, 332 

24, 487 

3,445 

10, 825 


s 

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CO 

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8 ! :S : 

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cm" 


1- 


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r-l O 

1-H CM" 


1 CM i-H 1 
1 COCO 1 
1 CM CO 1 

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cm' 
to 


^8 
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1-Tcm 


25, 557 
17, 248 
12, 940 
42, 430 


I- 

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00 o 

rt< O 

—<o 

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35, 809 
33,019 
18. 372 
10, 461 


o 

- 


62, 994 

78, 707 
54, 082 


g 

a 

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CO 

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CM O 
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r-j CM~ 


co r^ •>*< 1 

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24, 983 
18, 828 
8, 609 
40, 019 


aa 

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OO o 
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CM O 

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69, 823 
44, 753 
6,890 
9,033 


o 

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76, 782 
112,612 
13,415 
73, 205 
48, 118 


O 

— 
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CM 


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3,803 

35, 859 

1, 545 

8,367 


8 


CO 

CO 


OO 

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OO 

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CM r-i 
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38, 647 
21, 267 
16, 147 
86, 543 




coo 

CO o 
CM O 

CM~t>T 

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50, 406 

35, 991 

7,349 

9, 236 


O 

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73, 417 
109, 713 
13, 062 
68, 631 
44, 269 


8 


1, 224, 392 
2, 162, 000 


6,723 

33, 739 

1,101 

8,291 


69, 000 

1, 259, 232 

2, 221, 000 


27, 329 
17, 378 
12, 203 

75, 485 


r. 

CO 

N 

W 


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44, 062 
34,711 
8,740 
11,334 


o 

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54, 118 
115, 668 
14,116 
86, 783 
38,028 


1 




eo 

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cm 

to CO 
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1-? cm' 


5,585 
16, 586 
1,314 
6,761 


1 

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23.6 
18.5 
28.7 
18.6 


CM 


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14.2 
9.3 

4.6 
38.4 




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24.2 

16.5 
25.8 
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8.3 
10.6 
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36.1 




22.0 
41.1 
21.2 




CM ! 

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21.2 
18.1 
15.2 
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19.3 
14.9 
18.4 
39.5 
19.1 




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25. 9 
21.4 
22.1 
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32.3 
20.1 
26.8 
19.3 


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21.6 
15.2 
17.1 
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18.8 


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28.6 
24.5 
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17.8 




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18.4 
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CM i 


OHO00 

f-ONd 

i-l i-t CO 


18.6 
14.5 
19.4 
37.2 
17.2 




CO 1 
CM 1 


31.4 
19.7 
15.6 
18.0 




id 1 
co 1 

CM 1 


1,134 

1, 051 

484 

3, 980 


OB 

-r- 

so 

c~ 


wo 

CO IV 
CM-*H 


4,109 

3,166 

741 

282 


o 
o 

00 


4.458 

""737" 
1,919 


a 




Tj< O 

CO O 

Co r- 

CO CO 

10 


Iccco 1 




1 


55. 446 
106, 700 


1,057 

1, 044 

501 

4,079 


x 
to 


26, 530 
48, 900 


4,303 

3,104 

1,532 

290 


o 

o 

a? 


O 1 iO CO 00 

CD 1 i-l —1 -CM 

cm 1 t-»ca >c 


C2 
O 


CO 

CO 

£8 8 


r-l £V CO 1 

coco 1 




g 

cm" 


COO 

132 

cocC 
10 1-1 


1,180 

1,042 

566 

4,332 


1-" 


coo 
CO o 
CM CO 

fVcO* 

CM Tf 


3,844 

3,131 

1,186 

284 


o 

s 


3, 976 

7,633 

730 

1, 853 
2,520 


O 

B 

CO 


CM O 



r- CO 

i-T ^<" 

id O 


t-~ r>. 00 

T1CO Tfl 





CM 

co" 


CO O 

co rv 

mo 


1,197 

1,059 

602 

4,485 


CO 


27, 003 
45, 700 


3,752 

3,450 

927 

292 


a 

s 

00 


3.401 

7,217 

763 

1,924 

2,360 


O 

O 

06 


-* O 
O O 
O 00 

■^ CO 
«o O 


235 

1,379 

62 

465 





co" 


\n 
co 
000 

LOCO 

100 


1, 054 
943 
562 

4.360 


co 

CO 

JO 


(NO 

go 

coo 


3.028 

3,445 

1, 243 

368 


o 
o 

x" 


2,904 
7, 960 
727 
2, 336 
2.209 


O 
O 

US 
CO 


64, 639 
104, 100 


oo-<Tfio 

MfXN 
rHOO CO 






CM 


IO 


Danube Basin: 

Hungary 

Yugoslavia— -. 

Bulgaria 

Rumania 


.5 
55 

m 

CD 

a 

C53 

p 
■3 

O 


a ■ 
® ! ! 
S J ! 

C cp o 

£c| 

° 2 

O 3H 

O CO CO 


Africa: 

Morocco 

Algeria 

Tunisia 

Egypt 


"3 
o 

a 

CJ 

< 
o 

cd 

a 


Asia: 

Turkey 

India 

Syria and Lebanon 

Japan. 

Chosen 


"3 

a 

.2 
"go 

< 

CD 
03 
| 
ca 


Total Northern Hemisphere coun- 
tries reporting area and produc- 
tion all years. 

Estimated Northern Hemisphere 
total 


SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE 

Chile 

Argentina 

Union of South Africa 

Australia 


<D ! 

(H 1 

O 1 

o< i 

en | 

a : 

CD ' 

w ; 

a '< 
1* 1 

CD 1 
SI \ 

"3 ! 
to 1 

tj ; 

2 ' 

C3-J 

S3 

'£ 


Total Northern and Southern Hem- 
isphere countries reporting area 
and production all years -.'. 

Estimated world total.. 



is « 

CD CD 

IS 

O CD 

cd-q 

?3 

B °^ 

~£E 

E3 a> o 
■2.3 <^ 

m&s 

•*---to 
O S " 
^H a 

3C- 

X3 CD CD 



3 ^J3 



S 3 

£0 



X!£ 



CD en co 

^la 



® s 

"? 2 ° 



6°a 
:S-2 



1 III 

TJtS £ 

1 |3| 
I Ht 

t> en £ 

~ . CDXl 

•p ££co 
PC 1 
2 ceo 

0.22 

£ o co 

O C :-c 
• *C « I* " 

>» CJCcD ° 



2 B 



CJ V- QJ— J^> 

a g«o§ 

£ £ £ .2 -o 

(5 3 0-5 c 

- CO®® 
CtJ 

E o 



50 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS.. 1937 

Table 69. — Barley: Production, world and selected countries, 1894-95 to 1936-S7 



Crop year 



Esti- Esti- 
mated J mated 
world European 

total total 



1894-95 

1895-96 

1896-97 

1897-98 

1898-99 

1899-1900... 

1900-01 

1901-02 

1902-03 

1903-04 

1904-05 

1905-06 

1906-07 

1907-08 

1908-09 

1909-10 

1910-11 

1911-12 

1912-13 

1913-14 

1914-15 

1915-16 

1916-17 

1917-18 

1918-19 

1919-20 

1920-21 

1921-22 

1922-23 

1923-24 

1924-25 

1925-26 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 «.._. 



Million 
bushels 
1,671 
1,587 
1,587 
1,507 
1,707 
1.60S 
1,631 
1,689 
1,824 
1. 825 
1,780 
1,777 
1,905 
1,881 
1,888 
2.193 
2.067 
2,111 
2,178 
2,339 
1,990 
2.011 
1,843 
1.825 
1,906 
1,564 
1,809 
1,698 
1,833 
1,999 
1,859 
2.103 
2,051 
2.025 
2.292 
2,434 
2.347 
2,071 
2,272 
2,221 
2,138 
2.312 
2,115 



Million 
bushels 
824 
755 
784 
721 
873 



U.S. S. 
R.i 



United 
States 



Million 
bushels 
197 
226 
254 
239 
307 



763 


227 


762 


237 


813 


240 


933 


338 


953 


357 


861 


346 


881 


347 


943 


331 


949 


377 


941 


402 


1, 126 


502 


1,051 


488 


1.046 


437 


1.0S9 


496 


1. 235 


600 


9S0 


5 433 


907 


3 429 


812 


<305 


752 


325 


724 




583 




771 


216 


675 


118 


784 


197 


911 


262 


766 


201 


947 


275 


926 


252 


865 


206 


1.003 


260 


1,159 


331 


1.070 


311 


928 


238 


1. 009 


231 


1,137 


' 360 


1,030 


"314 


1,071 


"375 



Million 
bushels 

74 
104 

97 
103 

98 
US 

97 
124 
146 
149 
166 
172 
179 
151 
171 
173 
142 
145 
197 
159 
178 
207 
159 
182 
225 
131 
171 
133 
153 
159 
165 
192 
166 
239 
328 
280 
300 
199 
298 
154 
117 
286 
147 



Ger- 
many 



Million 

bushels 
133 
131 
127 
120 
132 
140 
141 
156 
145 
156 
138 
137 
146 
164 
143 
164 
136 



India 



Million 
bushels 



tpain 



148 
163 




172 




144 


125 


114 


143 


128 


148 


« 86 


156 


94 


156 


77 


130 


82 


150 


89 


117 


74 


146 


108 


145 


110 


137 


119 


123 


113 


121 


126 


119 


154 


98 


146 


118 


131 


107 


139 


112 


148 


111 


159 


110 


147 


113 


156 




159 





Million 
bushels 
57 
47 
36 
46 
73 
54 
57 
SO 
81 
64 
54 
46 
90 
54 
70 



60 

69 

72 

84 

87 

78 

90 

82 

90 

89 

78 
112 

84 

99 

96 

92 

82 

97 
104 

91 

133 I 
100 
129 



Canada 



Japan 



Million 
bushels 



47 
55 
29 
44 
49 
48 
36 
54 
43 
55 
77 
56 
63 
60 
72 
77 
89 
87 
100 
97 
136 
102 
135 
67 
81 
63 
64 
84 
72 



Ruma 



Million 


Million 


bushels 


bushels 


81 


17 


80 


22 


71 


32 


73 


21 


83 


30 


77 


5 


82 


15 


83 


24 


74 


25 


60 


30 


81 


12 


77 


26 


84 


34 


90 


20 


87 


13 


87 


20 


82 


29 


86 


26 


91 


21 


101 


27 


86 


26 


95 


29 


89 


30 


89 




6 89 


55 


95 


32 


92 


68 


88 


44 


87 


94 


71 


61 


(O 


31 



58 
69 

126 
109 
65 
67 
87 
40 
42 
74 



1 Through 1913-14 estimates are for the total Russian Empire. 

s Total Russian Empire, exclusive of the 10 Vistula Provinces of Russian Poland and the Province of 
Batum in Transcaucasia. 

3 Exclusive of Russian Poland, Lithuania, parts of present Latvia and the Ukraine, and the Provinces of 
Batum and Elizabetpol, in Transcaucasia. 

4 Beginning this year, estimates within present boundaries of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 
excluding Turkestan, Transcaucasia, and the Far East, which regions in 1924-25 produced 20,897,000 bushels. 

: Post-war boundaries beginning this year, and therefore not comparable with earlier years. 
6 Beginning this year weighed bushels, those reported for the earlier years being measured bushels. 
' Official estimates; figures are probably not strictly comparable with those for previous years. 
s Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from official sources and International Institute of 
Agriculture. 

Production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere countries are 
combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; thus for 1936-37 the crop har- 
vested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1936 is combined with the Southern Hemisphere harvest 
which begins late in 1936 and ends early in 1937. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



67 



Table 70. — Barley: Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection points, 
total of all classes under each grade, 1926-27 to 1935-86 



Year begin- 
ning July 


Grade 




Choice 
No. 1 


No. 1 


Choice 
No. 2 


Special 
No. 2 


No. 2 


Choice 
No. 3 


No. 3 


No. 4 


No. 5 


No. 1 

feed 


Sample 


Total 


1926-27' _ 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 2 


Cars 
251 
262 
329 
223 
261 
142 
530 
596 


Cars 
481 

2,199 
966 
700 

1,483 

568 

764 

959 

14, 479 

6,166 


Cars 
107 
90 
100 
50 
76 
35 
50 
130 


Cars 

2,168 
14, 913 
13, 128 

9,966 
11,629 

6,014 
13,111 
14, 394 


Cars 
2,005 
12, 151 
20, 900 
5,800 
7,067 
2,410 
1,551 
2,670 
10, 163 
7,228 


Cars 
421 
274 
392 
315 
249 
130 
152 
239 


Cars 
4,929 
16, 299 
25, 264 
13, 907 
12, 489 
8,958 
8,601 
9,693 
7,742 
23, 578 


Cars 
4,026 
6,197 

20, 129 
7,269 
6,305 
2,743 
1,639 
1,620 
1,335 

11,919 


Cars 
266 
183 
135 
102 
127 
146 
80 
100 
657 
9,427 


Cars 

916 

2,875 

6,502 

3,602 

2,034 

865 

301 

805 


Cars 

15, 063 

10, 923 

11,021 

5,124 

1,927 

873 

4,817 

2,765 

1,424 

3,450 


Cars 
30, 633 
66, 366 
98, 866 
47, 058 
43, 647 
22,884 
31, 596 
33, 971 
35, 800 


1935-36 








61, 768 













1 Barley grades became effective Aug. 24, 1926. 

2 Revised standards, effective July 2, 1934, comprise 5 numeral grades. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 71.— Barley: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1936-37 
DOMESTIC BARLEY IN UNITED STATES > 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
7,097 
4,825 
10, 926 
11, 866 
13, 987 
6,164 
10, 245 
18, 291 
18, 290 
17, 779 
17, 639 


1,000 
bushels 
6,664 
4,419 
11,985 
10, 961 
14, 261 
5,710 
10, 415 
17, 236 
16, 406 
16, 970 


1,000 

bushels 

6,116 

4,273 

11, 399 
10, 415 

12, 279 
5,185 

10, 121 
16, 123 

14, 255 

15, 281 


1,000 
bushels 
5,339 
4,588 
9,998 
9,726 
9,464 
4,179 
9,848 
14, 535 
11,757 
14, 222 


1,000 
bushels 
3,675 
3,890 
8,412 
8,137 
7,319 
3,732 
9,599 

13,010 
9,163 

12,913 


1,000 

bushels 

2,513 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 _. 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


2,720 

2,801 

6,861 

6,366 

6,826 

2,793 

13,417 

10, 633 

6,102 

10, 141 


3,108 
3,467 
8,803 
6,746 
6,568 
3,440 
14, 587 
9,945 
5,234 
9,850 


5,041 
9,318 
12, 894 
10, 945 
7,093 
6,651 
17, 975 
13, 264 
8,635 
15, 343 


6,549 
10, 681 

12, 563 
16, 084 

7,211 
8,976 
19, 330 
17,744 

13, 918 
17, 732 


5,957 
11,067 
12, 721 
15,018 
7,355 
9,380 
20, 176 

17, 531 

18, 436 
20, 012 


5,769 
11, 744 
11,760 
14, 637 
7,124 
9,862 

19, 958 
19, 164 
18, 245 

20, 541 


2,410 
7,373 
6,843 
6,232 
2,848 
12, 181 
11,322 
8,100 
11,822 















UNITED STATES BARLEY IN CANADA J 



1926-27 














272 
40 


300 
42 


64 
9 


70 
25 


59 
9 





1927-28 


13 


5 


66 


665 


344 


152 


1 


1928-29 


20 





767 


4,171 


5,599 


2,319 


1,144 


302 


173 


170 


81 


92 


1929-30 


659 


279 


246 


1,341 


1,749 


955 


955 


937 


938 


936 


993 


963 


1930-31 


937 


797 


652 


580 


444 


371 


338 


309 


291 


264 


243 


68 


1931-32 


45 


45 


24 


24 


24 


24 


25 


25 


25 


25 


25 


77 


1932-33. 


6 


1 


130 


114 


111 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


1933-34 


21 



































1934-35 _. 






































1935-36 



































49 


1936-37 














































CANADIAN BARLEY IN CANADA 3 



1926-27 














11,082 


9,618 


10, 218 


10, 513 


6,378 


3,830 


1927-28 


3,335 


2,447 


1,000 


3,574 


6,162 


7,231 


7,972 


8,342 


8,548 


8,623 


8,218 


4,312 


1928-29 — 


2,895 


1,452 


1,356 


9,010 


14, 134 


13,419 


16, 926 


16, 393 


17, 488 


18,317 


13, 305 


11,003 


1929-30 


8,664 


6,997 


8,285 


18, 101 


22, 701 


25, 027 


26, 495 


25, 989 


24, 685 


23, 422 


21, 507 


20, 827 


1930-31 


20, 065 


18, 031 


20, 035 


28, 459 


31,047 


30, 048 


30, 021 


29, 162 


28, 259 


26, 798 


23, 053 


14, 886 


1931-32 


11, 158 


10, 142 


8,468 


11, 334 


11,270 


9,633 


9,970 


9,878 


9,631 


9,620 


7,949 


6,160 


1932-33 


4,344 


3,627 


3,293 


5,786 


5,328 


6,024 


6,772 


6,776 


6,679 


6,802 


6,505 


6,281 


1933-34 


6,952 


7,733 


8,917 


10, 679 


11,940 


11, 868 


11, 605 


11,045 


10, 808 


10, 536 


9,801 


9,211 


1934-35 


9,060 


9,048 


9,764 


13, 140 


14, 013 


11,614 


10, 888 


10, 505 


10, 075 


9,569 


8,382 


6,295 


1935-36 


5,026 


3,395 


3,609 


7,637 


10, 195 


9,054 


9,145 


8,817 


8,371 


8,951 


8,617 


7,100 


1936-37 


5,755 


5,235 


9,636 


14, 173 


14, 813 


11, 919 


9,078 

























1 Domestic barley in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and barley afloat in vessels or 
barges in harbors of lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of the month. 

2 United States barley in store at 15 Canadian points or afloat in vessels or barges in harbors of lake and 
seaboard ports, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 

* Canadian barley in Canada exclusive of farm stocks, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 



68 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 71. — Barley: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1986-37 — Continued 

CANADIAN BARLEY IN UNITED STATES* 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 

bushels 

2,942 

1,945 

6,210 

2,818 

1,329 

1,587 





1,682 

34 

5,808 


1,000 

bushels 

2,246 

1,686 

4,731 

3,006 

1,274 

1,587 





1,240 

21 


1,000 

bushels 

1,677 

1,191 

3,232 

2,928 

1,267 

1,552 





1,161 

21 


1,000 

bushels 

608 

557 

2,259 

2,781 

754 

1,479 





1,158 




1,000 

bushels 

2,401 

112 

2,523 

2,715 

764 

1,272 





188 




1,000 
bushels 
975 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


175 

278 

2,110 

2,376 

163 

57 





243 




19 

409 

2,277 

1,839 

119 

1 



1 

459 

389 


27 

249 

1,711 

1,300 

3 

2 



259 

225 

671 


27 

1,751 

1,654 

898 

4 

27 



412 

124 

1,215 


717 

2,959 

1,999 

832 

4 

46 



606 

113 

2,269 


1,768 

4,778 

2,637 

1,561 

649 





888 



3,305 


483 

3,315 

2,376 

627 

283 





263 

















4 Canadian barley in store and afloat at 16 United States lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 
1st of the month. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 72.- — Barley: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


55.3 


55.0 


52.9 


54.4 


56.0 


56.4 


58.0 


61.3 


62.2 


64.1 


68.4 


76.3 


71.4 


69.0 


69.5 


66.8 


66.8 


71.5 


73.6 


75.4 


79.4 


81.3 


84.5 


81.7 


77.6 


58.9 


54.1 


55.2 


54.5 


55.0 


56.2 


60.5 


60.1 


58.0 


55.3 


52.7 


55.6 


55.8 


55.2 


54.7 


53.8 


54.6 


53.9 


52.5 


51.4 


51.7 


50.5 


47.5 


40.0 


43.6 


45.3 


41.9 


38.3 


38.8 


36.6 


35.3 


34.4 


35.2 


35.5 


32.6 


30.0 


28.9 


30.9 


31.6 


35.7 


35.7 


35.7 


35.8 


37.2 


37.1 


33.7 


28.7 


24.6 


21.1 


20.1 


18.2 


20.1 


19.3 


18.4 


17.9 


18.3 


23.4 


29.9 


28.3 


47.6 


40.2 


42.8 


40.7 


41.6 


40.6 


43.7 


44.7 


43.7 


42.5 


42.2 


50.9 


52.6 


63.5 


78.2 


75. 5 


75.9 


79.7 


80.2 


79.2 


76.0 


74.4 


66.0 


55.0 


41.2 


35.1 


37.3 


39.4 


37.8 


37.5 


38.6 


39.6 


39.7 


38.6 


37.1 


37.0 


56.1 


81.3 


82.6 


84.2 


82.7 


86.1 



























Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 



1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29. 
1929-30. 
1930-31. 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35. 
1935-36. 
1936-37. 



Cents 
57.9 
68.9 
56.8 
53.9 
40.5 
32.8 
22.1 
43.5 
68.6 
37.8 
'80.0 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 531. 



Table 73. 



-Barley, malting grades: Weighted average price per bushel of reported 
cash sales, Minneapolis, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 » 


Cents 
63 
77 
65 
62 
53 
45 
31 
58 

100 
60 

124 


Cents 
62 
72 
63 
63 
54 
50 
32 
69 
116 

128 


Cents 
65 
73 
63 
59 
52 
50 
29 
67 

110 
65 

132 


Cents 
64 
77 
62 
60 
48 
51 
31 
63 

117 
62 

128 


Cents 
67 
83 
62 
60 
47 
51 
29 
68 

120 
66 

132 


Cents 
69 
84 
66 
58 
44 
51 
26 
71 
118 
69 


Cents 
71 
87 
70 
57 
44 
52 
25 
71 
115 
71 


Cents 
72 
90 
67 
56 
44 
53 
30 
70 
108 
69 


Cents 
77 
92 
65 
57 
48 
51 
40 
68 
107 
71 


Cents 
88 
93 
60 
56 
45 
44 
45 
72 
94 
67 


Cents 
88 
94 
60 
50 
39 
35 
43 
85 
82 
70 


Cents 
81 
85 
69 
48 
42 
31 
64 
»91 
65 
92 


Cents 
71 


1927-28 i 


84 


1928-29 i 


65 


1929-30 2 


59 


1930-31 2 


47 


1931-32 2 


48 


1932-33 2 


39 


1933-34 2 


70 


1934-35 3 


105 


1935-36* 


68 


1936-37 3 























1 Special No. 2 barley, including No. 2. 

« Special No. 2 barley, August 1929 to June 1934. 

» No. 2 Malting barley, July 1934 to end of table. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; computed by weighting selling prices by number of carlots sold, as 
reported in Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 
Prices 1909-10 to 1925-26 appear in 1932 Yearbook, table 89. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



69 



Table 74. — Barley, No. 8, C. W.: Average spot price per bushel, Winnipeg, by 
m.onths, 1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Average 


1926-27 


Cents 
61.7 
84.3 
68.8 
78.6 
38.9 
31.7 
30.1 
41.8 
57.9 
33.8 
59.8 


Cents 
63.0 
79.0 
66.2 
74.1 
31.6 
29.5 
26.1 
36.0 
60.1 
35.5 
58.8 


Cents 
64.6 
78.2 
70.1 
69.0 
28.2 
29.6 
23.4 
32.0 
52.7 
33.4 
60.9 


Cents 
63.6 
81.2 
68.4 
63.8 
23.4 
37.8 
26.4 
34.8 
53.2 
32.9 
61.9 


Cents 
63.6 
83.3 
66.3 
61.6 
25.0 
31.8 
24.1 
34.4 
55.5 
33.5 
76.3 


Cents 
67.4 
83.3 
72.6 
56.3 
22.1 
32.1 
24.1 
38.6 
50.5 
35.2 
83.7 


Cents 
69.6 
86.2 
77.5 
50.3 
22.1 
33.5 
22.9 
39.6 
46.7 
36.1 
83.2 


Cents 
71.2 
91.2 
74.4 
46.6 
25.1 
35.7 
24.1 
39.6 
44.3 
37.6 
81.3 


Cents 
79.4 
93.0 
71.2 
48.8 
28.3 
36.9 
26.5 
36.9 
45.5 
37.6 


Cents 
87.5 
91.7 
66.7 
44.7 
31.0 
35.6 
31.6 
38.1 
42.3 
37.0 


Cents 
92 1 
89 2 
69 1 
39.4 
32 7 
33.1 
34.0 
43.9 
39.1 
37.8 


Cents 
88.5 
83.0 
83.0 
39.2 
32.1 
31.8 
47.5 
46.5 
35.4 
50.9 


Cents 
72.7 


1927-28 


85.3 


1928-29 


71.2 


1929-30 


56.0 


1930 31 . 


28.4 


1931-32 

1932-33 -- 


33.3 

28.4 


1933-34 

1934-35 


38.5 
48.6 


1935-36 


36.8 


1936-37 

















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in Canadian cents per bushel of 48 pounds as follows: 
August 1926-July 1930, Report on the Grain Trade of Canada, Ottawa, annual; August 1930 to date, Cana- 
dian Grain Statistics, Ottawa, weekly. Averages of daily cash closing prices, in store at Fort William and 
Port Arthur. 

Price series converted to "United States cents per bushel at current monthly rates of exchange as reported 
by the Federal Reserve Board (converted at par prior to December 1928). 

Table 75. — Barley, excluding flour and malt: International trade, average 1925-26 
to 1929-30, annual 1932-33 to 1935-36 



Country 



Year beginning July 



Average 

1925-26 to 

1929-30 



Ex- 
ports 



Im- 
ports 



1932-33 



Ex- 
ports 



Im- 
ports 



1933-34 



Ex- 
ports 



Im- 
ports 



1934-35 



Ex- 
ports 



Im- 
ports 



1935-36 



Ex- 
ports 



Im- 
ports 



PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United States 

Rumania 

Canada 

Union of Soviet Socialist 

Republics 

Argentina 

Poland 

Czechoslovakia 

Algeria 

Tunisia 

Chile 

Hungary 

British India 

Bulgaria 

Australia 

Yugoslavia 6 

Spain 

Sweden 

Egypt 

Total 



PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Germany 

United Kingdom 

Netherlands.— 

Belgium 

Denmark 

Switzerland 

Austria.. 

France 

Norway 

Irish Free State 

Greece 

Italy 



1,000 
bushels 
31, 869 
30, 308 
28,724 

16, 561 

9,355 

7,120 

5,301 

4,701 

4,291 

2,936 

2,611 

2,169 

1,650 

1,235 

790 

531 

507 

311 



1,000 

bushels 





14 


<6 
90 
366 
750 
*477 






1 

« 412 

379 

13 

213 



1,000 
bushels 

9,155 
3 23,214 

6,750 

16, 555 

17,431 

7,355 

7,869 

306 

6,253 

595 

2,870 

11 

276 

3,178 

27 

118 

3 

230 



1,000 

bushels 



30 

1 



2 
4 
4,405 

80 



41 

1 

11 





6-2 



1,000 

bushels 

5.935 

3 31,734 

1, 547 

25, 898 

24, 080 

6,968 

2,331 

2,348 

307 

3,744 

2,505 

7 

1,176 

2,814 

445 

94 



1,000 
bushels 
2 30 







1,044 
1,223 


231 





1,000 
bushels 
4,050 
3 9, 421 
14, 453 

6,641 

20, 739 

14, 855 

2,310 

2,477 

434 

3,314 

231 

816 



3,023 

976 



26 





1,000 

bushels 

10, 978 

30 





1,000 
bushels 

9,886 
3 8, 400 

6,882 

29, 220 

9,276 

16, 063 

1,695 

1,458 

3,923 

1,164 

559 

75 

90 

3 2, 452 

248 

26 

4 





1,000 

bush' Is 

648 

30 







1 

4 

1,026 

83 



752 

240 





38 





30 



150, 970 



642 



790 

258 

2,891 



7 134 

1,044 



430 



23 



2,724 



83, 542 

32, 134 

14, 460 

13, 586 

3,494 

3.306 

3,163 

2,830 

1,382 

891 

593 

209 



102, 196 



4,543 



112, 325 



220 

2,985 

931 

2 



73 

1,365 
2,005 

1 
5 
1 




2,551 



15, 717 

42, 618 

23, 9G9 

18, 509 

3,013 

4,756 

5,435 

8,105 

613 

447 

7 

2,237 



83, 766 



406 

1,063 

2,966 

1 

3 



14, 938 



22. 652 

29, 330 

13,313 

17, 990 

2,184 

5,711 

3,628 

8,413 

330 

532 

157 

3,787 



91,421 



3,203 

3 
1 




2,822 



3,280 

45, 659 

13, 462 

18, 970 

450 

5,526 

2,497 

10, 053 

690 

878 

1,021 



Total. 



6, 212 159, 590 4, 159 



032 3, 454 125, 426 4, 448 108, 027 4, 553 102, 486 



1 Preliminary. 

1 Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

3 Monthly Crop Report and Agricultural Statistics, International Institute of Agriculture. 

* 3-year average. 

5 Calendar year. 

6 Excess of reexports over imports. 

7 4-year average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. 



70 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 76. — Flaxseed: Acreage, production, value, foreign trade, and net supply, 

United States, 1889-1936 





Acre- 
age 

seed- 
ed 


Acre- 
age 
har- 
vest- 
ed 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Season 
average 

price per 
bushel 

received 
by 

farmers • 


Farm 
value 


Price per 
bushel of 
no. 1 flax- 
seed at 
Minneapo- 
lis, year 
beginning 
Aug. 1 2 


Foreign trade, including linseed 
oil in terms of seed, year be- 
ginning September s 


Year 


Ex- 
ports, 
domes- 
tic and 
foreign 


Im- 
ports 


Net 
im- 
ports 4 


Net 

sup- 
ply 


1889 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 

1, 819 
1,344 
2,283 
2,040 
1,423 
1,287 
1,457 
2,039 
1,848 
1,365 
1,889 
2,111 
2,102 
2,762 
3,173 
3,878 
3,180 
2,092 
2,439 
2,568 
2,699 

2, 351 
2,088 
2,081 
2.222 
2,631 
2,941 
1,954 
1,561 
1,116 
1,298 
1,881 
1,783 
1,261 
1,293 
1,647 
1,143 
1,113 
2, 015 

3, 485 
3,535 
3,022 
2, 736 
2,763 
2,611 
2, 966 
3,049 
3,780 
2,431 
1,988 
1,341 

998 

995 

2,096 

1,180 


Bush- 
els 
7.8 
7.9 
8.4 
8.2 
8.3 
8.1 
7.2 
10.5 
9.6 
9.7 
9.8 
9.5 
9.5 
5.8 
8.7 
9.3 
8.0 
10.8 
11.8 
10.8 
8.8 
8.8 
9,4 
9.4 
5.1 
7.0 
9.6 
7.7 
8.3 
10.1 
9.1 
4.5 
7.2 
5.3 
5.2 
6.6 
7.1 
9.5 
8.2 
8.2 
8.8 
7.4 
6.8 
9.1 
7.3 
6.1 
6.2 
5.7 
4.8 
5.8 
5.1 
6.6 
5.7 
6.9 
5.0 


1,000 
bushels 
10, 250 

10, 614 
19, 176 

16, 732 

11, 807 
10, 421 

10, 490 
21,414 

17, 738 
13, 238 

18, 516 
19, 979 
19, 969 
16, 017 

27. 605 
36, 080 
25, 360 
22, 625 

28, 692 
27, 635 
23,793 
20, 627 
19, 518 
19,511 

11, 384 
18, 537 
28, 139 
15, 099 

12, 940 
11, 270 

11, 829 
8,402 

12, 779 
6,653 
6,770 

10, 900 
8,107 

10, 520 
16, 563 
28, 246 
31, 220 
22, 334 
18, 531 
25, 174 
19, 118 
15,046 
15, 924 
21, 673 

11, 755 
11,511 

6,904 
5,698 
5,661 
14, 520 
5,908 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


Dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1889 










44 

528 

4,100 

1,404 

1,766 

49 

619 

4,589 

244 

2,913 


2,225 
803 
257 
144 
621 

4,540 
328 
101 
140 
89 


2,181 

275 

« 3, 843 

5 1, 260 

« 1, 145 

4,491 

«291 

» 4, 488 

M04 

* 2. 824 


12, 795 


1890 










19,451 


1891 










12, 889 
10. 547 


1892 










1893 










9,276 


1894 










14, 981 
21, 123 


1895 










1896. 










13, 250 


1897 










13. 134 


1898 










15, 692 


1899 










1899 










2,881 
2,544 
3.948 
4,621 

486 

92 

9,390 

4,863 

3,450 

362 


53 

1,727 

501 

13 
209 
296 

70 
108 

33 
880 


5 2, 828 

5 817 

« 3, 447 

» 4, 608 

5 277 

204 

« 9, 320 

5 4, 755 

* 3, 417 

518 


17, 141 


1900 








1.64 
1.61 
1.17 
1.05 
1.30 
1.12 
1.18 
1.18 
1.51 


15, 200 


1901 








24, 158 


1902 




1.05 
.81 
.99 
.84 

1.02 
.96 

1.16 


37, 919 
20. 617 
22, 459 
24, 190 

28, 049 

22, 742 

23, 871 


31, 472 


1903 




25, 083 


1904 




22, 829 


1905 




19, 372 


1906 




22, 880 


1907 




20, 376 


1908 

1909 




21, 145 


1909 




1.42 
2.28 
1.97 
1.29 
1.23 
1.31 
1.68 
2.31 
3.11 
3.58 


27, 663 
25, 910 
36, 551 
36, 209 
18, 636 
16, 905 
18, 914 
27, 319 
26, 166 
45, 693 


1.97 
2.50 
2.18 
1.42 
1.50 
1.70 
2.00 
2.80 
3.70 
4.07 


152 
73 
126 
897 
216 
571 
313 
507 
467 
482 


6,074 
12, 010 
7,848 
3,845 
9.772 
12. 729 
14, 441 
10, 946 
14, 042 
9,230 


5,922 
11.937 
7,722 
2,948 
9, 556 
12, 158 
14, 128 
10, 439 
13, 575 
8,748 


25, 433 


1910 

1911 




23, 321 
26, 259 


1912 




31, 087 


1913 




24, 655 


1914 






1915 




25, 398 


1916 




22, 268 


1917. 




21, 977 


1918 




21, 527 


1919. 






1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923 

1924 


1,600 
1,745 
1,180 
1.125 
2,045 


4.42 
2.33 
1.65 
2.08 
2.12 


29, 932 
25, 375 
13,411 
21, 836 
35, 192 


4.73 
2.20 
2.16 
2.59 
2.44 


467 
219 
149 
161 

145 


26, 483 
16. 174 
23, 389 
29, 009 
19, 557 


26, 016 
15, 955 
23, 240 
28. 848 
19,412 


32, 786 
26, 855 
31,347 
39, 368 
35, 975 


1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 


3,570 
3,100 
2,923 
2,819 
2,702 


2.18 
2.26 
2.03 
1.92 
1.94 


68. 019 
50. 575 
37, 653 
48. 472 
37, 058 


2.63 
2.53 
2.25 
2.21 
2.29 


124 
148 
112 

120 

106 


12, 849 
20, 858 
24,155 
18, 177 
23, 611 


12. 725 
20, 710 
24.043 
18, 057 
23, 505 


43, 945 
43. 044 

42, 574 

43, 231 
42, 623 


1929 

1930. 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1984 


3,363 
4,466 
3,724 
2,691 
1.812 


2.81 
1.61 
1.17 
.88 
1.63 


44, 771 
34. 897 
13, 713 
10, 144 
11. 225 


3.11 
1.76 
1.36 
1.18 
1.87 


109 
69 
46 
39 
38 


18, 537 
9,938 

10, 949 

9,414 

e 16, 760 


18,428 
9,869 

10,903 
9,375 

16, 722 


34. 352 
31, 542 

22, 658 
20, 886 

23, 626 


1934 

1935 

1936 7 -_. 


1,588 
2,392 
2,497 


1.70 
1.42 
1.95 


9,620 
20, 605 
11, 510 


1.90 
1.73 


46 
59 


17, 336 

12, 848 


17, 290 
12, 789 


22, 951 
27, 309 















i Prior to 1908 prices are as of December 1. 

2 The figures shown, 1919-20, are averages of daily closing prices compiled from annual reports of the 
Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce; beginning 1921, averages of daily prices weighted by carlot sales, com- 
piled from Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 

3 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States June, July, and August 
issues, 1889-1926; January, June, July, and August issues 1927-36, and official records of the Bureau of Foreign 
and Domestic Commerce. 1 bushel of flaxseed weighs 56 pounds; 1 bushel of seed yields approximately 
2\h gallons of oil, and 1 gallon of oil weighs 7Yi pounds. 

4 Total imports minus total exports (domestic plus foreign). Beginning 1933 imports for consumption 
minus domestic exports. 

* Net exports. 

8 Beginning 1933 figures are imports for consumption. 

7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



71 



Table 77. — Flaxseed: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1985 and 1986 



State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 i 


Average, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936' 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


1,000 
acres 

24 

7 

706 

19 

2 

1,225 

458 

13 

39 

284 

16 


1,000 

acres 

10 

6 

677 

21 

5 

1,021 

190 

4 

58 

65 

1 

38 


1,000 

acres 

11 

4 

799 

10 

5 

204 

53 

2 

42 

8 

""42" 


Bushels 
2 10.0 
11.5 
9.3 
9.8 
25.6 
6.1 
6.1 
6.9 
6.3 
5.6 
5.4 


Bush- 
els 
10.0 

11.0 

9.5 
8.0 
2.0 
5.5 
5.0 
7.0 
6.0 
3.5 
4.0 
15.0 


Bush- 
els 
5.5 
10.0 
5.3 
8.0 
4.0 
2.7 
2.5 
1.0 
4.0 
4.0 

"l4."6" 


1,000 

bushels 

«38 

79 

6,040 

178 

12 

5,944 

2,170 

79 

241 

1,149 

74 


1,000 

bushels 

100 

66 

6,432 

168 

10 

5,616 

950 

28 

348 

228 

4 

570 


1,000 

bushels 

60 

40 

4,235 

80 

20 

551 

132 

2 

168 

32 

"""588" 


Dol- 
lars 
1.40 
1. 35 
1.44 
1.40 
1.22 
1.39 
1.42 
1.31 
1.31 
1.35 
1.35 
1.59 


Dol- 
lars 
1.80 
1.85 
1.96 
1.91 


Missouri 

North Dakota—. 
South Dakota- .. 
Nebraska 


1.78 
1.87 
1.92 
1.82 
1.72 


Montana 

Wyoming 

California 


1.78 
"2~05 












United States . 


2,772 


2,096 


1,180 


6.9 


6.9 


5.0 


15, 996 


14, 520 


5,908 


1.42 


1.95 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



72 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



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32, 285 


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Morocco 

Tunisia 

Egypt 

Eritrea 

Asia: 

Turkey 

India 

Japan 


Total Northern Hem- 
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Estimated Northern 
Hem isphere total . . . 


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Uruguay 

Argentina 

New Zealand 


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74 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 79. — Flaxseed: Production, world and selected countries, 1919-20 to 1986-3', 



Crop year 


World, 
includ- 
ing U. S. 
S. R.i i 


North- 
ern hem- 
isphere 
includ- 
ing U. S. 
S. R.2 


Europe, 
includ- 
ing 
U. S. 
S. R.a 


Argen- 
tina 


U. S. 
S. R.2 


United 
States 


India 


Can- 
ada 


Po- 
land 


Lithu- 
ania 3 


Uru- 
guay 


1919-20 

1920-21 

1921-22 

1922-23 

1923-24 

1924-25 

1925-26 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33. 

1933-34 

1934-35. 

193,5-36 

1936-37 5 .. 


1,000 
bu. 

86, 465 
113, 534 

75, 121 

98, 745 
125, 098 
131, 221 
159, 128 
153, 945 
158, 194 
150,000 
122, 764 
155, 500 
166, 000 
133, 000 
128, 000 
149, 000 
140, 000 


1,000 
bu. 
36, 877 
52, 361 
38, 427 
50, 236 
65, 797 
84, 460 
81, 876 
71, 080 
76,715 

68, 607 

69, 269 
87, 889 
71, 100 
67, 600 
62, 600 
65.200 
75, 800 


1,000 

bu. 

13, 425 

14, 894 
14, 424 
16, 813 
19,664 
23,982 

32, 391 
28, 861 
29, 146 
30, 530 
37, 776 

37, 815 

38, 927 
35, 461 

33, 944 
33, 826 


1,000 
bu. 
49, 890 
60, 006 
36, 046 
47, 577 
58,005 
45, 084 
75, 113 
80,783 
82, 672 
78, 377 
50,004 

78, 342 
89, 067 
62, 006 
62, 595 

79, 720 
56, 100 
74, 012 


1,000 

bu. 

« 8, 000 

9,204 

9, 752 

11, 043 

13, 379 

16, 960 

23,991 

20,877 

21, 814 

23, 690 

28, 060 

29, 957 
33, 069 
31,494 
29, 133 
27, 020 


1,000 
bu. 

6,770 
10, 900 

8,107 
10, 520 
16,563 
31, 220 
22, 334 
18, 531 
25, 174 
19, 118 
15, 924 
21, 673 
11,755 
11,511 

6,904 

5,661 
14, 520 

5,908 


1,000 

bu. 

9,400 

16, 760 
10, 800 

17, 440 
21, 320 

18, 520 
20,040 
16, 080 
16, 240 
13, 920 
12, 880 
15, 200 

15, 080 

16, 640 
16, 240 

15, 040 

16, 800 
15, 360 


1,000 
bu. 

5,473 
7,998 
4,112 
5,008 
7,140 
9,695 
6,237 
5,995 
4,885 
3,614 
2,060 
4,399 
2,465 
2,719 
632 
910 
1,667 
1,795 


1,000 
bu. 

556 
637 
856 
1,816 
2,129 
1,872 
2,250 
2,472 
2,790 
2,413 
3,173 
2,335 
1,941 
1,640 
1,774 
2,179 
2,793 
2,820 


1,000 
bu. 

827 
1,011 

909 
1,108 
1,056 
1,332 
1,571 
1,574 
1,405 
1,000 
1,718 
1,532 
1, 003 

626 

823 
1,014 
1,487 
1,389 


1,000 
bu. 
932 
966 
519 
719 
1,178 
1,542 
2,030 
1,970 
1,954 
2,030 
3,216 
5,056 
4,841 
1,475 
2,876 
3,402 
3,007 
4,901 











i Excludes a few minor producing countries for which no statistics are available and which do not enter 
into world trade. 

2 U. S. S. R. means Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 

3 Flax and hemp. 

* Estimate of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
« Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; official sources and International Institute of Agriculture. 

Production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere countries are com- 
bined with those of the Southern Hemisphere, which immediately follow; thus, for 1936-37, the crop har- 
vested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1936 is combined with the Southern Hemisphere harvest 
which begins late in 193G and ends early in 1937. 



Table 80. — Flaxseed: Receipts at Minneapolis, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Total 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1.000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


1926-27 


830 


1,539 


2,905 


1,103 


669 


415 


318 


273 


169 


257 


277 


145 


8,900 


1927-28... 


441 


4,465 


3,894 


1,065 


490 


716 


495 


471 


311 


439 


457 


143 


13, 387 


1928-29... 


652 


3,454 


3,690 


1,278 


601 


373 


328 


328 


255 


244 


330 


180 


11, 713 


1929-30 


1,249 


2,939 


1,759 


624 


403 


180 


116 


133 


142 


390 


313 


162 


8,410 


1930-31 


2,436 


2,295 


1,213 


912 


472 


401 


368 


449 


359 


355 


511 


154 


9, 925 


1931-32 


2,110 


1,476 


840 


321 


264 


161 


98 


97 


103 


164 


168 


66 


5,868 


1932-33 


1,994 


1,255 


696 


216 


168 


329 


72 


85 


134 


352 


307 


112 


5,720 


1933-34 


1,024 


1,120 


335 


202 


119 


141 


92 


119 


137 


273 


256 


100 


3,918 


1934-35... 


633 


1,169 


875 


246 


242 


135 


131 


100 


144 


200 


318 


213 


4,406 


193.5-36 


963 


3,165 


2,152 


857 


575 


1259 


123 


219 


178 


244 


251 


170 


9,156 


1936-37 ... 


1,247 


138 


590 


594 


380 





































1 Figures for 1936 from Minneapolis Daily Market Record; preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from annual reports of the Minneapolis Chamber of Com 
inerce. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 98. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 

Table 81. — Flaxseed: Commercial stocks, 1926-27 to 1986-87 

DOMESTIC FLAXSEED IN UNITED STATES' 



75 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 
2,684 
4,247 
1,397 

985 
1,371 

873 
1,212 
1,039 
1,109 
2,168 

471 


1,000 
bushels 
2,328 
3,409 
1,142 

867 
1,357 

639 
1,211 

963 
1,017 
1,961 


1,000 
bushels 

2,089 

2,816 
780 
740 

1,273 
492 

1,219 
983 
978 

1,674 


1,000 
bushels 

2,014 

2,178 
681 
696 

1,184 
555 

1,140 
980 
877 

1,126 


1,000 
bushels 

1,834 

1,691 
547 
589 
972 
686 

1,242 
793 
521 
830 


1,000 
bushels 
1,429 
882 
398 
519 
784 
874 
909 
646 
398 
575 


1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


1,445 
781 
434 
433 
802 
901 
960 
646 
344 
743 


909 
596 
370 
314 
672 
763 
875 
623 
247 
285 


584 
317 
159 
467 
745 
1,596 
1,117 
672 
344 
734 


1,583 

704 

924 

2,330 

1,383 

2,668 

1,834 

1,008 

2,083 

783 


5,353 
2,721 
1,179 
2,202 
1,920 
2,095 
1,482 
1,218 
3,356 
742 


4,703 
1,343 

610 
1,431 
1,585 
1,150 

984 
1,210 
2,625 

709 















CANADIAN FLAXSEED IN CANADA 2 



1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29. 
1929-30. 
1930-31. 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35. 
1935-36- 
1936-37. 



2,105 

1,770 

1,619 

471 

975 

1,347 

1,127 

474 

289 

325 



1,972 

1,168 

444 

434 

742 

1,283 

1,036 

450 

282 



1,535 
534 
352 
449 
758 
1,264 
1, 013 
469 
197 
291 



1,403 
500 
780 

1,300 
883 

1,399 
987 
503 
313 



1,899 

1,327 

1,230 

1,904 

1,588 

1,497 

904 

628 

795 

1,038 



2,747 

1,319 

1,275 

2,404 

1,549 

1,581 

699 

677 

626 

966 



3,188 

2,975 

1,528 

1,089 

2,134 

1,467 

1,435 

603 

432 

474 



3.319 

3,071 

1,381 

1,049 

2,080 

1,396 

1,482 

604 

414 

452 



3,427 

3,069 

1,328 

982 

2,104 

1, 363 

1,460 

595 

407 

421 



3, 463 

2,938 

1,293 

973 

2, 059 

1,383 

1, 285 

565 

409 

435 



947 

7S7 

080 

84 9 
756 
267 
383 
541 
409 
362 



2,577 

2,107 

932 

693 

1, 253 

1,404 

1,088 

507 

371 

349 



i Domestic flaxseed in store in public and private elevators in 39 markets and flaxseed afloat in vessels 
or barges in harbors of lake and seaboard ports, Saturday nearest the 1st of the month. 
' Canadian flaxseed in Canada exclusive of farm stocks, Friday nearest the 1st of the month. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 82. — Flaxseed: 



Year 



1926-27. - _ 
1927-28-. 
1928-29... 
1929-30.- 
1930-31— 
1931-32-. 
1932-33— 
1933-34— 
1934-35--. 
1935-36... 
1936-37— 



Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 
1926-27 to 1936-37 



Weighted 
average 

Dol. 

2.03 
1.92 
1.94 
2.81 
1.61 
1.17 
.88 
1.63 
1.70 
1.42 
J 1.95 



July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


2.09 


2.16 


2.11 


1.98 


1.96 


1.96 


1.93 


1.96 


1.95 


1.96 


2.06 


2.05 


1.98 


2.04 


1.97 


1.91 


1.84 


1.85 


1.88 


1.90 


1.95 


1.98 


2.10 


2.09 


1.96 


1.82 


1.82 


1.98 


1.98 


2 05 


2.11 


2.18 


2.19 


2.16 


2.15 


2.17 


2.33 


2.60 


2.85 


3.00 


2.85 


2.88 


2.80 


2.75 


2.62 


2.64 


2.46 


2.46 


1.93 


1.92 


1.68 


1.52 


1.34 


1.38 


1.32 


1.26 


1.30 


1.29 


1.30 


1.20 


1.33 


1.20 


1.13 


1.06 


1.22 


1.19 


1.16 


1.16 


1.19 


1.16 


1.07 


.86 


.81 


.79 


.88 


.88 


.87 


.83 


.91 


.87 


.88 


.95 


1.19 


1.36 


1.89 


1.63 


1.64 


1.49 


1.55 


1.51 


1.61 


1.65 


1.60 


1.55 


1.64 


1.68 


1.68 


1.77 


1.75 


1.67 


1.62 


1.69 


1.68 


1.67 


1.59 


1.61 


1.56 


1.49 


1.34 


1.34 


1.35 


1.52 


1.53 


1.56 


1.61 


1.60 


1.54 


1.48 


1.47 


1.47 


1.84 


1.92 


1.87 


1.86 


1.90 


1.95 















i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices by 
States weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 issue 
of Crops and Market?, p. 533. 

Table 83. — Flaxseed, No. 1: Weighted average price per bushel of reported cash 
sales, Minneapolis 1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Weighted 
average 


1926-27.. 


Dol. 

2.38 
2.22 
2.05 
2.79 
2.00 
1.41 
1.01 
1.88 
2.05 
1.53 
2.15 


Dol. 
2.33 
2.21 
2.09 
3.23 
1.90 
1.37 
1.13 
1.88 
1.98 
1.68 
2.14 


Dol. 
2.21 
2.13 
2.28 
3.32 
1.80 
1.32 
1.13 
1.80 
1.90 
1.79 
2.13 


Dol. 
2.22 
2.13 
2.35 
3.24 
i. 65 
1.46 
1.06 
1.77 
1.86 
1.80 
2.16 


Dol. 
2.24 
2.15 
2.39 
3.22 
1.61 
1.43 
1.09 
1.77 
1.99 
1.83 
2.21 


Dol. 
2.23 

2.24 
2.45 
3.08 
1.57 
1.41 
1.16 
1.90 
1.97 
1.87 


Dol. 
2.25 
2.27 
2.55 
3.05 
1.56 
j. 40 
1.10 
1.89 
1.94 
1.84 


Dol. 
2.22 
2.33 
2.49 
2.92 
1.58 
1.40 
1.13 
1.82 
1.81 
1.76 


Dol. 
2.24 
2.36 
2.45 
2.92 
i.57 
1.35 
1.28 
1.82 
1.85 
1.72 


Dol. 

2.34 
2.46 
2.45 
2.68 
^.55 
1.2. 
1.43 
1.91 
1.77 
1.69 


Dol. 
2.25 
2.38 
2.48 
2.71 
1.48 
1.05 
1.72 
1.91 
1.65 
1.77 


Dol. 
2.23 
2.21 
2.76 
2.32 
1.64 
.98 
2.05 
1.90 
1.59 
2.06 


Dol. 
2.25 


1927-28 


2.21 


1928-29.- 


2.29 


1929-30 


3.11 


1930-31 


1.76 


1931-32 


1.36 


1932-33..- 

1933-34 


1.18 
1.87 


1934-35 .- 


1.90 


1935-36... 


1.73 


1936-37 





Bureau of Agricultural Economics; computed by weighting selling price by number of car lots sold, as 
reported in Minneapolis Daily Market Record. 
Prices 1899-1900 to 1925-26 appear in 1932 Yearbook, table 100. 



76 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 84. — Flaxseed, export grade, l+-percent extraneous matter: Average market 
price per bushel, Buenos Aires, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
177.3 
168.6 
162.1 
209.1 
162.4 
82.0 
60.9 
105.6 
124.0 
101.4 
132.9 


Cents 
163. 5 
168.4 
163.4 
249.5 
142.8 
70.6 
67.1 
109.8 
112.6 
107.9 
126.1 


Cents 

159.4 

164.8 

168.4 

245.8 

125.2 

67.5 

62.2 

95.6 

104.4 

109.9 

116.6 


Cents 
153. 3 
158.0 
173.4 
225.7 
109.1 
71.3 
58.9 
104. 2 
98.0 
105.0 
115.9 


Cents 

153.3 

157.9 

164.8 

208.8 

95.6 

62.5 

58.9 

101.1 

99.2 

112.7 

116.9 


Cents 
150.7 
162.4 
162.7 
193.7 
82.2 
60.3 
60.1 
98.8 
99.2 
120.4 
118.2 


Cents 
153.8 
161.1 
165.4 
187.0 
88.3 
61.8 
58.5 
100.3 
97.9 
119.2 
117.5 


Cents 
152.1 
163.0 
163.9 
182.2 
93.8 
62.2 
58.5 
102. 7 
95.9 
118.2 


Cents 
158.3 
167.1 
165.2 
195.9 
88.5 
59.7 
62.1 
107.0 
97.1 
117.2 


Cents 
171.1 
172.1 
164.1 
188.6 
83.4 
57.2 
78.1 
120.2 
98.4 
117.8 


Cents 
171.2 
168.5 
166.0 
179.3 
83.9 
56.7 
92.2 
120.8 
99.4 
120.4 


Cents 
168.1 
165.9 
193.9 
156.0 
92.5 
57.9 
117.4 
117.0 
99.2 
128.5 


Cents 
161 


1927-28 


164.8 


1928-29 


167.8 


1929-30 


201.8 


1930-31 

1931-32 — 


104.0 
64 1 


1932-33 


69.6 


1933-34 


106 9 


1934-35 


102.1 


1935-36 


114 9 


1936-37 . 



















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in paper pesos per 100 kg as follows: August 1926-December 
1929, The Review of the River Plate, Buenos Aires, weekly, averages of quotations for Thursday of each 
week; January 1930 to date, Revista de la Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, weekly, averages of daily official 
market prices. (The Thursday prices in these publications are identical.) 

Price series converted to cents per bushel at current monthly rates of exchange as reported by the Federal 
Reserve Board. 



Table 85. — Flaxseed 


• International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1932- 


35 




Calendar year 


Country 


Average 
1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


19351 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 


1,000 
bu. 
63, 699 
9,442 
2,828 
2,084 
811 

778 
644 
363 
188 
117 
56 


1,000 

bu. 



763 

568 







560 



9 


1,000 

bu. 

79. 823 

3,088 

367 

3,082 

304 

165 
96 
533 

53 

88 

207 


1,000 

bu. 



574 

455 






136 






1,000 

bu. 

54, 812 

13, 897 

615 

2,383 

237 

79 
135 
104 
139 

545 
2 88 


1,000 

bu. 



773 

150 






188 




20 


1,000 

bu. 

54, 109 

11, 028 

7 

2,793 

252 



141 

168 

152 

1,133 

29 


1,000 

bu. 



363 

789 







155 




20 


1,000 

bu. 

69. 978 

5,171 

21 

"~502~ 

""161" 


1,000 
bu. 





551 




633 












Union of Soviet Social- 







149 







Eritrea 2 



















Total. 


81, 010 


1,900 


87. 806 


1,165 


73, 034 


1.111 


69, 792 


1,307 


75. 773 


1,333 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United States 




208 

80 



20 

301 

1 





10 



3 



275 







1 


20. 540 

13, 639 

13, 602 

13, 439 

7,368 

4, 052 

2,380 

1,477 

957 

885 

696 

663 

602 

522 

464 

222 

2 3 188 

118 



135 
35 

13 
248 



6 



6 






7.919 

17.700 

17, 572 

14,485 

9,290 

6,557 

2,702 

1,708 

845 

1,426 

953 

922 

721 

485 

263 

135 

204 

156 




79 
51 

11 
122 



4 



3 


1 

21 


13, 825 

11, 630 

14, 105 

9.935 

10, 404 

4,915 

2, 954 

1,384 

869 

757 

762 

642 

735 

511 

842 

156 

163 

239 



137 
5 

13 
122 



2 




5 





14. 170 

12, 692 

12. 477 

7,333 

9,315 

3,208 

2,541 

1,517 

998 

991 

642 

653 

602 

305 

776 

1S5 

246 

199 




137 





200 





1 




46 
4 

1 


17,560 


Netherlands - - - 


15, 842 


Germany 


9,737 


United Kingdom 

France 


10, 292 
10. 172 


Belgium . 


4,865 


Italy 




Sweden -. 


1,637 






Czechoslovakia --- 


1, 033 




1,005 


Spain 


996 


Norway 


957 


Poland 


1 


Japan. 


855 


Finland- -_ - 


147 




330 


Greece . 


212 






Total -- 


899 


81,814 


443 


84,043 


272 


74, 828 


284 


6S, 850 


396 


75, 641 







i Preliminary. 2 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. » Includes cottonseed and hempseed. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



77 



Table 86. — Flaxseed crushed and linseed oil produced, United States, 1926-27 to 

1935-36 





Flaxseed crushed > 


Oil produced 


Year 


Octo- 
ber-De- 
cember 


Janu- 
ary- 
March 


April- 
June 


July- 
Septem- 
ber 


Total 


October- 
Decem- 
ber 


January- 
March 


April- 
June 


July- 
Septem- 
ber 


Total 


1926-27 


1,000 
bushels 

11, 085 

12. 699 
11, 191 

9.947 
7, 391 
7,112 
4,998 
6.760 
4,569 
8,284 


1,000 
bushel? 
11, 034 
11, 885 
10, 839 
7,966 
6,571 
5,393 
4,365 
5, 156 
5,754 
7,094 


1,000 
bushels 
8,963 
9,G08 
9.962 
7,270 
7,205 
3.584 
4,268 
5, 016 
6 104 
5,168 


1,000 
bushels 
9,051 
7,603 
10, 321 
5,887 
7,610 
3,739 
6,074 
4,293 
5,998 
4,817 


1,000 
bushels 
40, 133 

41, 795 

42, 313 
31. 070 
28, 777 
19,828 
19, 705 

21, 225 

22, 425 
25, 363 


1,000 
pounds 
206, 496 
238, 046 
206, 273 
182, 228 
131, 257 
130. 479 

90, 987 
133, 906 

90. 253 
156, 608 


1,000 

pounds 

202, 162 

223, 751 

202, 353 

145, 970 

118, 417 

99, 783 

79. 595 

97, 452 

111.823 

132, 137 


1,000 

pounds 

167, 232 

179. 532 

187, 019 

130, 863 

130, 635 

67. 296 

79. 035 

98. 026 

116,946 

100, 119 


1,000 
pounds 
169, 274 
141, 889 
191,977 
108 236 
141, 205 

68,503 
113,413 

85, 038 
116,667 

91, 098 


1,000 
pounds 
745. 164 


1927-28 


783, 218 


1928-29 


787. 622 


1929-30 


567, 297 


1930-31 .. 


521, 514 


1931-32 


366, 061 


1932-33 


363, 030 


1933-34 


414, 422 


1934-35 


435, 689 


1935-36 2 


479, 962 



1 The reported production of meal for years beginning October 1932-33 to 1935-36, has averaged 64 per- 
cent of the weight of seeds crushed. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics: compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census, animal and 
vegetable fats and oils. Figures for 1919-20 to 1925-26 are in 1934 Yearbook, table 91. 



Table 87. — Linseed oil, raw: Average price per pound in tank carlois, Minneapolis, 
by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 















Aver- 
















Aver- 


Year 












age, 
















age, 


beginning 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


year 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


year 


August 












ended 
Dec. 
















ended 
July 




Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


1926-27 


11.4 


10.5 


10.2 


10.0 


10.1 


13.4 


10.0 


10.2 


9.8 


9.7 


10.4 


10.4 


9.9 


10.2 


1927-28 


9.8 


9.4 


9.1 


9.0 


8.8 


9.7 


8.8 


8.9 


9.4 


9.0 


9.2 


9.4 


9.0 


9.2 


1928-29 


8.8 


8.7 


9.2 


9.2 


9.3 


9.1 


9.4 


9.6 


9.6 


9.6 


9.5 


9.7 


11.2 


9.5 


1929-30 


12.2 


14.9 


15.0 


14.4 


14.4 


11.6 


13.5 


13.4 


13.4 


13.6 


13.3 


13.3 


13.0 


13.7 


1930-31 


12.4 


9.8 


8.8 


8.4 


8.2 


11.8 


7.9 


8.2 


8.6 


8.4 


8.3 


8.1 


8.8 


8.8 


1931-32 


7.9 


7.1 


6.6 


7.1 


6.4 


7.8 


6.2 


6.1 


6.2 


6.1 


5.8 


5.5 


4.9 


6.3 


1932-33 


4.7 


5.2 


5.5 


5.9 


6.0 


5.7 


6.6 


6.4 


6.6 


6.9 


8.2 


8.8 


10.3 


6.8 


1933-34 


10.0 


10.0 


9.4 


9.2 


9.1 


8.5 


8.9 


8.8 


8.9 


8.8 


9.2 


9.6 


9.4 


9.3 


1934-35 


9.4 


9.1 


9.0 


8.6 


8.5 


9.0 


8.4 


8.7 


9.0 


9.1 


9.2 


9.1 


9.0 


8.9 


1935-36 


8.2 


8.2 


9.0 


9.0 


9.3 


8.8 


9.5 


9.4 


9.3 


9.2 


9.0 


9.0 


9.8 


9.1 


1936-37. . 


10.1 


9.9 


9.7 


9.2 


9.5 


9.5 





































Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from the Oil, 
simple averages of quotations for Saturday of each week. 



Paint, and Drug Reporter. Prices are 



73 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 88. — Linseed oil: International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1932-85 



Country 



PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Netherlands 

United Kingdom 

Belgium 

Sweden 

Japan 

Total .— 

PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Germany .. 

Switzerland 

Brazil 

Austria 

France. 

United States 

Finland 

Netherland India 

Australia 2 

Egypt 

Union of South Africa 

Hungary 

New Zealand 

Italy 

Norway . 

Chile 

Irish Free State 

British India 

Denmark 

Algeria » 

Portugal 

British Malaya. 

Bulgaria 

Yugoslavia 

Czechoslovakia .. 

China 

Manchuria 

Philippine Islands 

Colombia 

Venezuela 

Peru.. 

Canada . 

Argentina. 

Morocco 

Tunisia 

Indochina 

Greece 

Total 



Calendar year 



Average 
1925-29 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

158, 136 

49, 400 

23,503 

1,267 

445 



232, 751 



8,343 

27 



459 

4,378 

2,351 





25 

3 



12 

2 

403 

54 

4 



728 

419 

67 

2 60 

126 



52 

257 



( 5 ) 



20 





49 

265 





88 
* 55 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 
833 
47,546 

2,303 



51,350 



43, 213 
13, 286 
9,558 
8,997 
8,138 
7,946 
5,380 
5,161 
4,968 
4,935 
4,770 
4,246 
3,789 
3,574 
3,314 
2,712 
2,319 
2,092 
2,081 
1,862 
2 1, 750 
1,550 
1,484 
1,390 
1,369 
1,242 
( 5 ) 

1,210 
2 1,058 
911 
905 
819 
743 
723 
668 
525 
419 



18, 227 159, 107 



1932 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

126, 030 

30,222 

34,744 

1,228 

897 



193, 121 



6,700 

3 



49 

9,555 

842 





27 

1 



312 



216 

120 

4 



343 

34 

54 

41 

69 



1 

507 

«98 





20 



12 
39 


70 




Im- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

455 

56, 965 

1,353 

684 





59, 457 



35, 301 

19, 667 

2,909 

9,200 

3,172 

25 

4,889 

2,880 

3,024 

835 

3,713 

162 

2,262 

4,079 

2,547 

357 

2,853 

1,675 

812 

3,279 

1,857 

725 

998 

1,045 

138 

« 1, 269 

432 

1,690 

2 778 

841 

432 

806 

290 

5,882 

862 

352 

364 



1933 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

105, 115 

24,125 

20, 765 

626 

1,043 



151, 674 



,047 
39 


277 
,824 

S2S 



125 
1 




177 

222 
1 


419 



2 41 

57 



1 

11 
2 


»0 


76 
49 





Im- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

481 

16, 182 

1,105 

220 





17, 988 



25,780 

17, 399 

2,673 

8,646 

1,002 

11,257 

5,102 

2,828 

1,994 

1,450 

5,756 

412 

2,401 

2,031 

1,896 

524 

3,273 

1,393 

252 

3,154 

2 1, 547 

957 

703 

380 

21 

1,335 

371 

1,340 

2 832 

671 

501 

1,604 

257 

9,832 

962 

419 

77 



19, 097 122, 402 14, 310 121, 032 18, 438 117. 944 31, 705 



1934 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

171, 379 

29,841 

8,418 

12 

795 



210,445 



3,013 
6 


75 

13, 203 

653 





44 

1 







224 

162 





742 



21 

27 

66 



1 

69 

2 





20 




11 

73 



45 




Im- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

994 

73, 696 

1,675 

483 





2S, 831 

16, 192 

>449 

9,283 

470 

2,781 

5,938 

3,054 

2,443 

1,175 

6,749 

113 

3,779 

1,680 

1,707 

986 

3,851 

1,401 

209 

3,132 

2,138 

1,158 

910 

322 

40 

1,339 

374 

1,304 

2 1,054 

6 337 

733 

10, 20' 

303 

2,267 

861 

332 

42 



1935 1 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 
190, 819 
33, 869 
12, 575 



1,554 



238,81' 



460 


289 
27, 042 

986 





Im- 
ports 



1,000 

lb. 

98 

99, 337 

6,301 

5,071 





110, 807 



24, 528 
18, 933 



10, 433 

941 

2,232 

8,735 

3 1,922 






913 





7,593 





435 





6,547 



1,633 
1,202 
2,934 
1,53b 
95 



1,228 
668 



1,673 


20 





1,455 

























752 


162 


1,658 


73 


296 













32 



i Preliminary. 

2 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

3 Java and Madura only. 

* Does not include Manchuria after June 1932. 

5 Not shown prior to 1932; included in data for China. 

6 6-month figure. 

7 3-year average. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
the basis of 7.5 pounds to the gallon. 



Official sources except where otherwise noted. Conversions made on 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



79 



Table 89.- 



-Linseed meal, 87-percent protein: Average price per ton, Minneapolis, 
by months, 1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 



1926-27 
1927-28 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



Aug. 



Dol. 

44.81 

46.25 

45.75 

53.10 

42.20 

26.20 

21.40 

36.10 

41.75 

25.30 

46.38 



Sept. ! Oct. 



Dol. 

43.12 

45.95 

47.55 

56.40 

42.10 

25.75 

22.40 

31.75 

44.00 

25.75 

46.30 



Dol. 

43.70 

45.30 

53.85 

55.70 

40.25 

25.70 

21.50 

31.70 

41.40 

27.40 

45.75 



Nov. Dec. Jan 



Dol. 

43.88 

46.40 

54.90 

55.10 

38.90 

31.40 

19.80 

31.90 

42.00 

26.63 



Dol. 

44.00 

47.45 

57.00 

55.00 

37.90 

32.10 

19.15 

31.65 

44.30 

27.00 



46. 751 ^ 48.80 



Dol. 

45.60 

48.00 

56.90 

54.10 

36.40 

30.15 

19.70 

32.00 

43. 25 

27.13 



Feb. 



Dol. 

47.35 
49.00 
59.00 
51.75 
34.65 
28.75 
19.30 
31.90 
39.65 
25.50 



Mar. 



Dol. 

47.75 
50.80 
56.60 
50.30 
31.60 
28.00 
20.00 
30.15 
38.40 
24.20 



Apr. May 



Dol. 

48.10 

51.40 

52.10 

54. 75 

30.75 

27.30 

21.65 

30.90 

3S.80 

25.03 



Dol. 

47.25 
53.00 
51.90 
48.70 
27.70 
24.25 
25.20 
29.20 
36.00 
25. 3S 



June 



July 



Dol. 

45.90 
51.10 
51.20 
44.75 
24.95 
21.40 
27.50 
32.25 
31.00 
28.60 



Dol. 

45.50 

49.10 

53.05 

42.75 

25.60 

20.40 

37.40 

33.40 

26.50 

42.12 



Dol. 
45.58 
48.65 
53. 32 
51.87 
34. 42 
26.78 
21.60 
31.91 
38.92 
27.50 



1 Prior to July 1933, quoted as 34-percent protein. July not included in yearly average. 
8 34 percent. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports made to the Bureau. Quoted "per ton. 
bagged, in carlots, sight-draft basis." 

Table 90. — Rice, rough: Acreage, production, value, shipments, and foreign trade, 

United States, 1909-36 



Year 


Acreage 
harvest- 
ed 


Average 

yield per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 

bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers i 


Farm 
value 


Ship- 
ments 
from 
United 
States to 
Alaska. 
Hawaii 

and 
Puerto 
Rico 2 


Foreign trade, mostly 
milled rice, but includ- 
ing rice bran, meal, and 
broken rice, reduced to 
rough basis, year begin- 
ning July 3 




Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Imports 


Net bal- 
ances * 


1909 


1,000 

acres 

662 

666 

636 

643 

722 

646 

740 

843 

953 

1,101 

1,070 

1,299 

990 

1,053 

874 

837 

849 

1,006 

1,024 

962 

860 

966 

965 

874 

798 

812 

816 

935 


Bushels 
35.6 
37.1 
35.6 
36.9 
33.5 
36.3 
35.3 
46.9 
36.4 

• 36.3 
39.9 
39.8 
39.7 
39.6 
38.0 
38.9 
38.6 
41.2 
43.4 
45.1 
46.0 
46.5 
46.2 
47.6 
47.2 
48.1 
47.5 
50.1 


1,000 
bushels 
23.5S6 
24, 731 

22, 662 

23, 700 

24, 210 
23,478 
26, 107 
39, 544 
34, 714 
39, 998 

42, 689 
51,648 
39, 274 
41, 663 
33, 238 
32,593 
32, 736 
41,415 
44, 422 

43, 434 
39, 534 

44, 929 
44,613 
41.619 

37, 651 
39, 047 

38, 784 
46, 833 


Cents 
79.5 
67.9 
80.6 
93.5 
86.0 
92.4 
90.6 
88.9 
189.6 
191.7 
266.0 
118.1 
94.8 
92.9 
110.2 
132.8 
145.5 
113.1 
90.8 
91.2 
99.5 
78.4 
48.5 
41.8 
77.7 
79.0 
77.1 
87.0 


1,000 
dollars 
18, 758 

16, 785 
18, 257 
22, 159 
20, 824 
21, 702 
23, 656 
35,162 
65, 804 
76, 696 

113, 570 
61,006 
37,239 
38,686 
36, 615 
43, 295 
47, 628 
46, 854 
40, 346 

39, 594 
39, 474 
35, 214 
21, 642 

17, 416 
29,248 
30, 854 
29,898 

40, 730 


1,000 
bushels 
4,276 
4,606 
4,890 
4,806 
5,244 
4,640 
5,191 
5,818 
4,878 
5,995 
5,547 
6,614 
7,179 
8,290 
9,094 
8,152 
8,049 
8,743 
9,183 
10, 131 
10, 342 
10,864 
10, 938 
12, 130 
10,450 
* 11, 159 
10,847 


1,000 

bushels 

964 

1,082 

1,420 

1,401 

807 

2,789 

4,391 

6,529 

7,069 

6,953 

17, 402 

15, 871 

19. 494 

13. 344 

8,199 

4,033 

1,734 

10,957 

11, 152 

14, 137 

10,423 

10,116 

9,890 

6,398 

3,629 

4,417 

3,043 


1,000 
bushels 
8,114 
7,516 
6.842 
7,996 

10,447 
9,979 
9,516 
7,778 

16,418 

13,094 
6,477 
3,485 
2,650 
2,503 
1,376 
2,076 
4,747 
2,558 
1,588 
1,325 
1,124 
1,278 
737 
780 
1,516 
2,931 
2,105 


1,000 
bushels 
-6, 857 


1910 


-6,211 


1911 


-5,047 


1912. 


-6, 139 


1913... 


-9,000 


1914 


-5, 059 


1915 


-2,540 


1916.... 


+348 


1917 


-6, 026 


1918 


+1,644 


1919 


+14,401 


1920 


+14, 603 


1921 


+18, 773 


1922 


+12,018 


1923 


+7, 322 


1924 


+2, 535 


1925 


-2, 514 


1926 


+8,844 


1927 


+9, 852 


1928 


+13, 272 


1929 


+9,453 


1930 


+8, 965 


1931 


+9. 255 


1932.... 


+5,687 


1933.... 


+2,114 


1934 


+1,486 


1935 


+938 


1936 6 








i 



1 Prior to 1924 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 Year beginning Julv; in terms of rough rice. 

3 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States June issues 1909-26; 
January and June issues 1927-36 and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 

4 The difference between the total exports (domestic exports plus reexports) and total imports. Begin- 
ning 1933 domestic exports and imports for consumption. Net exports indicated by +; net imports in- 
dicated by — . 

» Includes Virgin Islands beginning January 1935. 
8 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

130180—37 6 



80 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 91. — Rice, rough: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and animal 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of — 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1935 1 


1935 


19361 


Arkansas ' 


1,000 

acres 

168 

465 

17S 
114 


1,000 

acres 

138 

412 

167 
99 


1,000 
acres 
150 
445 
200 
140 


Bush- 
els 

47.4 
36.6 
46.2 
58.3 


Bush- 
els 
44.0 
42.0 
52.0 


Bush- 
els 
53.0 
43.0 
51.0 
68.2 


1,000 
bushels 

8,502 
17, 853 
9.029 
7,442 


1,000 

bushels 
6,072 

17, 296 
8,684 
6,732 


1,000 

bushels 
7, 950 
19. 135 
10. 200 
9,548 


Cents 
85 
71 
76 
87 


Cents 
82 


Louisiana. _ .. 


89 


Texas 


87 


California 


87 






United States 


925 


816 


935 


43.2 


47.5 


50.1 


42, 826 


38, 784 


46, 833 


77.1 


87.0 


1 Preliminary. 
Bureau of Agricultural 


Econorni 


es. 





















Table 92. — Rice: Acreage and production in specified countries, average 1921- 
to 1925-26, annual 1984.-35 to 1936-37 





Acreage 


Production, in terms of milled rice 


Country 


Aver- 
age, 
1921-22 

to 
1925-26 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936- 
37 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1921-22 

to 
1925-26 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936- 
37 1 




1,000 

acres 

921 

*95 

45 

115 

18 

316 

11 

3 2, 008 

119 

<79 

192 

81, 400 

3 66 

7,705 

3.824 

1.262 

12. 005 

5,964 

4,229 

5 1, 029 

s 1, 298 

8,014 


1,000 

acres 

812 

78 

71 

114 

57 

330 

20 

568 

128 

207 

407 

81,980 

104 

7,775 

4,195 

1,648 

13, 175 

7,247 


1,000 

acres 

816 

73 

84 

115 

60 

338 

19 


1,000 

acres 

935 

346~ 

15 


Million 

pounds 

997 

2 77 

53 

376 

22 

729 

14 

3 1, 106 

65 

'61 

320 

70, 270 

IS, 107" 

4, 556 
1,747 
7,704 
6,065 
2,744 
« 1, 029 
5 1, 322 
7,055 

126, 000 


Million 

pounds 

1,085 

94 

73 

400 

75 

916 

26 

210 

75 

139 

753 

67,785 

98 

16,285 

5.390 

2,855 

7, 195 

6,257 

2,827 

1,705 

971 

8,342 

127, 000 


Million 

pounds 

1,077 

92 

113 

397 

79 

862 

28 


Million 

pounds 

1,301 






British Guiana . 




Spain . . . . 




Portugal .. 




Italv 


940 




23 


























Egvpt. .__ . .. .. .. 


488 
81, 454 
111 
7, 852 
4,153 
1,676 
9,591 
7,526 


~8l,~446" 

88 

7,859 

3,916 

"8,"§63~ 


961 
62, 091 
122 
18, 050 
5,619 
2.866 
8.217 
6,406 
2,469 








Turkey 


• 151 


Japan ... 


21, 156 


Chosen ... 


6,265 




3,089 


French Indo-China 




Siam __ . ._ 


6,008 






Brazil.. 












1,272 
9,351 










Java and Madura 


9,358 




10, 486 
127.000 


10,588 


Estimated world total excluding 

















i Preliminary. 



3-year average. 



* 2-year average. 



1 year only. 



5 4-year average. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Both acreage and production figures refer to the year of harvest. 
Harvests of the Xorthern Hemisphere countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which 
immediately follow; thus, for 1935-36 the crop harvested in the Xorthern Hemisphere countries in 1935 is 
combined with the Southern Hemisphere harvest which begins late in 1935 and ends early in 1936. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



81 



Table 93. — Rice, in terms of milled rice: Production, world and selected countries, 

1909-10 to 1936-37 



Crop year 



1909-10.. 
1910-11.. 
1911-12.. 
1912-13.. 
1913-14.. 
1914-15.. 
1915-16.. 
1916-17.. 
1917-18.. 
1918-19.. 
1919-20.. 
1920-21.. 
1921-22.. 
1922-23.. 
1923-24.. 
1924-25.. 
1925-26.. 
1926-27.. 
1927-28.. 
1928-29.. 
1929-30.. 
1930-31.. 
1931-32.. 
1932-33.. 
1933-34.. 
1934-35.. 
1935-36- 
1936-37*. 



Esti- 
mated 
world, 
exclusive 
of China 



Million 
pounds 
107,000 
106, 000 
109,000 
109, 000 
113,000 
113, 000 
124,000 
129,000 

132, 000 
105. 000 
123, 000 
117,000 
127, 000 

133, 000 
118, 000 
127,000 
127,000 

126, 000 
127,000 

131, 000 
128,000 
137, 000 

132, 000 
133,000 
136, 000 

127, 000 
127, 000 



Production in selected countries i 



India 



Million 
pounds 
63, 869 
64, 552 
63,943 
63.802 
64, 555 
61, 109 

73, 315 
78. 521 
80, 559 
54, 466 

71, 734 

61. 949 
74,240 

74, 495 
63,164 
69, 601 
68, 851 

66, 483 
63,244 

72, 016 
69, 736 
72, 124 

73, 922 
69, 695 
69, 135 

67, 785 

62, 091 



Japan 



Million 
pounds 

16, 474 

14, 650 
16,246 

15, 778 
15, 789 
17, 909 

17. 569 
18, 363 
17, 143 
17, 184 
19, 107 
19, 857 
17, 335 
19, 067 
17,418 
17, 960 
18, 756 

17, 465 
19, 510 

18, 945 
18,710 
21,009 
17,346 
18,972 
22, 203 
16,286 
18, 050 
21, 156 



Chosen 



Million 
pounds 
2,343 
3,269 
3,634 
3,413 
3,804 
4,439 
4,036 
4,377 
4,261 
4,765 
3,974 
4,639 
4,500 
4, 717 
4,767 
4, 153 
4,641 
4,807 
5,435 
4,245 
4,304 
6,026 
4,987 
5, 135 
5,715 
5,390 
5,619 
6,265 



Taiwan 



Million 
pounds 
1,455 
1,316 
1,410 
1,271 
1,610 
1,448 
1,504 
1,461 
1, 519 
1,455 
1,547 
1,521 
1,563 
1,711 
1,529 
1,909 
2,024 
1,952 
2,167 
2,135 
2,036 
2.315 
2,350 
2,811 
2,627 
2,855 
2,866 



French 
Indo- 
China 



Million 
pounds 



6,614 
8,051 
9,521 
7,921 
6,733 
6,313 
6,302 
6,532 
6,283 
7,931 
7,629 
7.206 
7,801 
7,951 
8,255 
8,850 
7,822 
8,081 
8,138 
7,641 
7,872 
7,927 
7,195 
8,217 



Java 

and 

Madura 



Million 
pounds 
5,723 
5,738 
6,170 
5,842 
6,440 
6,339 
6,451 
6,409 
7,204 
7,272 
7,936 
6,761 
5,964 
7,280 
7,284 
7,563 
7,184 
7,732 
7,942 
7,679 
7,453 
8,053 
8,188 
8,303 
7,811 
• 8,342 
10, 486 
10,588 



Siam ' 



Million 
pounds 
3,734 
3,466 
4,533 
4,561 
4,994 
4.708 
4,786 
5,011 
5.133 
4,642 
3,114 
5,868 
5,806 
5,954 
6,034 
6,779 
5,752 
7.169 
6,261 
5,325 
5.315 
6,620 
5,581 
7,018 
6,869 
6,257 
6,406 



Philip- 
pines 



Million 
pounds 
1,164 
1,287 
717 
1,512 
1,404 
1,100 
1,289 
1,745 
2,210 
2,085 
2,243 
2,560 
2, 681 
2,703 
2.566 
2,818 
2,949 
3,083 
3,082 
3,073 
3,184 
3,064 
2,920 
2,953 
3,272 
2,827 
2,469 



United 
States 



Million 

pounds 

655 

687 

630 

658 

672 

652 

725 

1,098 

964 

1,111 

1,186 

1,435 

1,091 

1,157 

923 

905 

909 

1,150 

1,234 

1,206 

1,098 

1,248 

1,239 

1,156 

1,046 

1,085 

1,077 

1,301 



* China is an important producing country, but official statistics are not available. The Shanghai office 
of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics has made the following estimates of production in China expressed 
in terms of millions of pounds of cleaned rice: 90,200 in 1930; 77,060 in 1931; 92,800 in 1932; 88,800 in 1933; 
72,800 in 1934; and 83,000 in 1935. 

* Estimates of the production of rice on nonirrigated land are not available prior to 1917-18. Estimates 
for the years 1909-10 to 1916-17 as given here are for the production on irrigated land. Estimates for the 
years 1917-18 to 1934-35 are for the total production. 

3 Estimated figures obtained by multiplying acreage under rice as classified for revenue purposes up to 
1912-13. and acreage as reported by the Department of Land and Agriculture from 1912-13 on by an average 
yield for the years 1920-21 to 1923-24, for which years official estimates have been published of acreage, yield, 
and total production. 

* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from official sources and International Institute of Agri- 
culture. Both acreage and production figures refer to the year of harvest. Harvests of the Northern 
Hemisphere countries are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immediately follow; 
thus for 1935-36 the crop harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1935 is combined with the 
Southern Hemisphere harvest which begins late in 1935 and ends early in 1936. Estimates of world rice 
production for the period 1900-1901 to 1908-09 appear in the 1924 Yearbook, table 138. 

Table 94. — Rice, rough: Receipts at mills in Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and 
Tennessee, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Total 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1.000 


1,000 


1,000 




bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


bbls. 


1926-27 


188 


1,148 


1,681 


1,253 


1,025 


818 


648 


621 


372 


396 


430 


147 


8,727 


1927-28 


530 


1,167 


1,720 


1,266 


831 


853 


805 


942 


620 


352 


130 


17 


9,233 


1928-29 


180 


1,198 


2,114 


1,936 


947 


621 


592 


439 


429 


232 


192 


126 


9,006 


1929-30 


508 


1,388 


2,330 


1,416 


797 


870 


961 


284 


146 


182 


60 


22 


8,964 


1930-31 


481 


1,084 


2,063 


1,257 


844 


1,147 


864 


599 


566 


520 


324 


172 


9.921 


1931-32 


237 


1, 455 


1,810 


1,408 


632 


570 


734 


812 


544 


703 


343 


223 


9,471 


1932-33 


293 


843 


1.606 


1,186 


706 


687 


747 


821 


1,033 


628 


257 


112 


8,919 


1933-34 


171 


1,067 


2,095 


1,100 


426 


721 


932 


496 


191 


91 


183 


153 


7,626 


1934-34.. 


243 


836 


1,974 


910 


612 


688 


1,280 


825 


175 


143 


82 


14 


7,782 


1935-36. 


272 


930 


2,401 


1,816 


657 


845 


483 


232 


161 


129 


60 


20 


8,006 


1936-37 


304 


1,375 


2,289 


1,761 


736 





































Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from monthly reports of the Rice Millers' Association and 
from reports of nonassociation mills. A barrel is equivalent to 162 pounds of rough rice. 



82 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 95. — Rice: Consumption in the United States and possessions, 
exports and total sales, 1918-19 to 1935-36 



United States 





Consumption in the United States and possessions 


United 
States 


Total 


Year 


United 


States 


Puerto Rico 


Hawaii « 


Alaska 








sales 


beginning 




Per 




Per 




Per 




Per 




For- 


United 


United 


August 


Total 


cap- 
ita 


Total 


cap- 
ita 


Total 


cap- 
ita 


Total 


cap- 
ita 


Total 


eign 
rice 


States 
rice 


ports 2 


States 
rice > 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




pock- 




pock- 




pock- 




pock- 




pock- 


vock- 


pock- 


pock- 


pock- 




ets 


Lbs. 


ets 


Lbs. 


ets 


Lbs. 


ets 


Lbs. 


ets 


ets 


ets 


ets 




1918-19— 


5.829 


5.7 


1,669 


114.8 


433 


176.0 


16 


28.3 


7,947 


438 


7,509 


2.191 


9,700 


1919-20... 


3,632 


3.4 


1.405 


98.6 


438 


173.4 


14 


25.2 


5,489 


691 


4,798 


4,745 


9,543 


1920-21... 


5,565 


5.2 


1,648 


113.7 


521 


199.3 


8 


14.5 


7,742 


476 


7,266 


4.863 


12, 129 


1921-22... 


4,890 


4.5 


1,643 


113.3 


472 


173.3 


11 


19.8 


7,016 


198 


6,818 


4,740 


11, 558 


1922-23... 


5,848 


5.3 


1, 702 


117.4 


562 


198.4 


14 


25.0 


8,126 


315 


7,811 


3,249 


11, 060 


1923-24... 


6,890 


5.3 


1,824 


123.3 


608 


206.6 


13 


23.0 


8.335 


354 


7,981 


1,564 


9,545 


1924-25— 


6,192 


5.5 


1.778 


118.6 


659 


215.9 


12 


21.1 


8,641 


435 


8,206 


744 


8.950 


1925-26 ... 


6.060 


5.3 


1,860 


124.0 


658 


208.1 


13 


22.7 


8,591 


909 


7,682 


285 


7,967 


1926-27— 


6,671 


5.7 


1,833 


i22.2 


696 


2i2.7 


11 


19.1 


9,211 


464 


8,747 


2,381 


11, 128 


192/-28... 


7,370 


6.2 


1,932 


132.9 


704 


208.2 


13 


22.4 


10. 019 


327 


9,692 


2,390 


12, 082 


192S-29— 


7,017 


5.8 


2,084 


141.5 


814 


233.1 


13 


22.2 


9.928 


237 


9,691 


3.196 


12, 887 


1929-30... 


6.495 


5.3 


1,941 


125.7 


832 


231.0 


13 


22.0 


9,281 


271 


9,010 


2,250 


11. 260 


1930-31... 


7,147 


5.8 


2.077 


134.5 


892 


242.4 


11 


18.5 


10. 127 


274 


9,853 


2,217 


12. 070 


1931-32... . 


6,619 


5.4 


2,012 


130.3 


913 


242.2 


10 


16.7 


9.554 


120 


9,434 


2,246 


11,080 


1932-33— 


7,621 


6.1 


2,249 


>45.7 


879 


229.1 


11 


18.3 


10, 760 


109 


10. 651 


3 1, 275 


11, 926 


1933-34... 


5, 531 


4.5 


2,150 


139.3 


867 


227.0 


10 


16.5 


8.558 


81 


8,477 


862 


9,339 


1934-35— 


7,424 


5.8 


2,220 


138.8 


840 


219.9 


11 


18.0 


10, 495 


254 


10, 241 


1,173 


11,414 


1935-36... 


6,944 


5.4 


2,195 


127.4 


851 


220.4 


11 


17.9 


10, 001 


168| 9, 833 


759 


10, 592 



1 Hawaiian production not included. 

2 Reports of Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 

s Beginning with 1932-33 figures are for milled rice, including brown. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from annual reports of the Rice Millers' Association, N< 
Orleans. A pocket of milled rice weighs 100 pounds. 



Table 96. — Rice, Blue Rose, clean Fancy: Wholesale price per 100 pounds, Nevj 
Orleans, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



Aug. Sept. 



Dots. 
6.75 
4.62 
4.25 
4.50 
4.50 
3.25 
2.08 
3.18 
3.74 
4.07 
4.54 



Dots. 
6.00 
4.62 

'l25~ 
4.12 
3.12 
2.26 
3.45 
3.69 
4.10 
4.29 



Oct. 



Dots. 
5.62 
4.25 
4.06 
4.25 
3.88 
2.88 
2.14 
3.75 
3.68 
4.28 
3.63 



Nov. 



Dots. 
5.12 
3.88 
4.12 
4.00 
3.62 
2.94 
2.01 
3.80 
3.55 
4.52 
3.51 



Dec. Jan. 



Dots. 
5.00 
4.00 
4.12 
3.94 
3.62 
2.94 
1.94 
3.87 
3.57 
4.70 
3.45 



Dots. 
4.88 
4.00 
4.05 
4.25 
3. 5w 
2.84 
1.89 
3.90 
3.42 
4.00 



Feb. 



Dols. 
4.88 
3.81 
4.00 
4.38 
3.62 
2.66 
1.81 
3.90 
3.38 
3.74 



Mar. Apr. May June July 



Dols. 
4.81 
3.75 
4.00 
4.50 
3.50 
2.47 
1.96 
3.90 
3.64 
3.86 



Dols. 
4.62 
4.00 
4.00 
4.38 
3.50 
2.28 
2.0y 
3.90 
3.76 
4.28 



Dols. 
4.88 
4.38 
4.00 
4.62 
3.50 
2.12 
2.65 
3.90 
3. 95 
4.43 



Dots. 

5.05 
4.50 
4.00 
4.50 
3.38 
2.21 
2.79 
3.90 
4.08 
4.34 



Aver- 
age 



Dols. 
4.62 
4.25 
4.12 
4.50 
3.3S 
2.00 
2.89 
3.88 
4.16. 
4.38 



Dols. 
5.19 
4.17 

14.07 
4.34 
3.68 
2.64 
2.21 
3.78 
3.72 
4.22 



• Average for 11 months. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled as follows: 1926-27 to 1930-31 from annual reports of the 
New Orleans Board of Trade. (Highest quotations represent Fancy grade.) Beginning 1931-32, from 
rice market reports received weekly by the Bureau. 

Table 97. — Rice, No. 1, round, white, clean, 25 percent broken: Average wholesale 
price l per 100 pounds, Saigon, French Indo-China, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



1926-27.. 
1927-28.. 
1928-29.. 
1929-30.. 
1930-31- 
1931-32-. 
1932-33- 
1933-34-. 
1934-35- 
1935-36.. 
1936-37-. 



Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aver- 
age 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


Dols. 


2.79 


2.75 


2.77 


2.68 


2.51 


2 46 


2.49 


2.53 


2.51 


2.63 


2.66 


2.59 


2.61 


2.52 


2.35 


2.06 


2.07 


2.16 


2.22 


2.31 


2.22 


2.19 


2.18 


2.01 


1.93 


2.18 


1.96 


2.22 


2.32 


2.36 


2.24 


2.25 


2.27 


2.20 


2. 15 


2.25 


2.30 


2.35 


2.24 


2.37 


2.67 


2.56 


2.46 


2.20 


2.13 


2.11 


2.09 


2.33 


2.30 


2.21 


2.12 


2.30 


2.16 


1.94 


1.81 


1.56 


1.53 


1.29 


1.26 


1.25 


1.12 


1.05 


.98 


'1.15 


1.42 


1.50 


1.34 


1.15 


1.17 


1.09 


1.09 


1.11 


1.12 


1.09 


1.09 


1.05 


.99 


1.15 


.96 


.90 


.83 


.75 


. (O 


.76 


.76 


.73 


.74 


.85 


.98 


1.29 


.86 


1.11 


1.05 


.97 


.89 


.86 


.88 


.90 


.85 


.86 


.87 


.84 


.94 


.92 


1.16 


1.21 


1.04 


1.04 


1.03 


1.02 


1. IX) 


1.14 


1.33 


1.37 


1.31 


1.32 


1.17 


1.24 


1.32 


1.36 


1.37 


1.16 


1.07 


1.15 


1.32 


1.29 


1.27 


1.30 


1.43 


1.27 


1.56 


1.54 


1.23 


1.36 


1.55 


1.66 


1.46 















1 Delivery current month alongside ship, not including taxes but including bags. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in Indo-Chinese piastres per 100 kg from the Monthly 
Crop Report and Agricultural Statistics, International Institute of Agriculture, Rome. Averages of Friday 
quotations. Prior to January 1928, description did not include the term "25 percent broken." Price series 
converted to dollars per 100 pounds at current monthly rates of exchange as follows: August 1926-December 
1929, exchange rates of the French Indo-Chinese piastre, from the Handbook of Foreign Currency and 
Exchange, U. S. Department of Commerce, 1930, p. 76; January 1930 to date, exchange rates of the French 
franc (10 francs=l piastre), as reported by the Federal Reserve Board. 



STATISTICS OP GRAINS 



83 



Table 98. Rice, including flour, meal, and broken rice: International trade, average 

1925-29, annual 1932-35 





Calendar year 


Country 


Averaee 
1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 I 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports. 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

British India .. 


Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
4,888 
3,493 
3,097 
429 
252 
115 
103 
41 
14 


Mil- 
lion 

pounds 

224 



1 

3 

60 


59 


36 


Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
4,794 
2,609 
3,680 
335 
257 
87 
91 
11 
62 


Mil- 
lion 

pounds 

267 

, 2 A 



6 

19 



39 






Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
4,174 
2.682 
3,655 
397 
127 
19 
194 
4 
52 


Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
224 

22 



11 
29 

1 
8 



Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
3,179 
6,326 
4,412 
347 
83 
101 
139 
2 
73 


Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
910 
»2 

4 
65 

1 
68 



Mil- 
lion 
pounds 
3,772 


Mil- 
lion 

pounds 
548 


Indo-China 




Siam 3 







Italy 




United States 


165 

59 

155 

5 

209 


52 


Spain _ . 





Egypt 


2 




9 


Brazil. _ 









Total 


12. 432 


383 


11, 926 


332 


11. 304 


275 


14, 662 


1,050 


4, 365 


611 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 

COUNTRIES 

China. 


6 

( 5 ) 

623 

51 



14 

325 

169 



224 

16 

1 






1 


4 

1 
1 



2,024 

( 5 ) 

1,960 
1,303 
1,048 
961 
848 
532 
461 
272 
269 
147 
139 

126 
129 
120 
112 

91 
87 
7 55 
43 
20 


<5 

17 

425 

54 



67 

105 

86 



189 

8 

1 



2 



32 

F0 

21 



3 

1 




4.2, 942 

28 

1,574 

934 

1,019 

337 

848 

802 

312 

180 

267 

29 

74 

108 
126 

64 
110 
121 
92 
29 
42 
26 


14 

6 

371 

38 



26 

82 

77 



135 

6 





4 

35 


8 


22 

2 



2,786 

74 

1,585 

789 

1,000 

314 

678 

1, 225 

279 

238 

225 

43 

92 

18 
112 

88 
129 
128 
103 
2 58 
43 
35 


15 

4 
389 
47 


94 
74 
66 


206 

6 
18 

1 

5 


25 


10 


= 6 




1,597 

163 

1,678 

618 

1,086 

15 

634 

1,387 

369 

247 

274 

15 

68 

63 
M32 

61 
150 
142 
118 
2 22 

49 

28 


14 


2,858 


Manchuria . 




British Malaya 


434 
«32 

47 
61 
50 

213 

6* 

1 

6 

32 

6 



1,777 


Netherland India 


6 260 


Ceylon 


1,228 


Japan 


87 


Germany 


421 


France 


906 


Cuba 




Netherlands 


216 


United Kingdom 

Philippine Islands 


230 


Argentina.-. 


7S 


Union of Soviet Socialist Re- 
publics _ 


86 


Mauritius 




Poland 


65 


Czechoslovakia 


147 


Belgium 


94 


Union of South Africa 


120 


Canada 






43 










Total .. 


1,436 


10, 747 


1,016 


10, 064 


806 


10, 042 


966 


8,916 


902 


8,616 







i Preliminary. 

2 International Yearbook of Agricultura Statistics. 

3 Year beginning April. 

* Does not include Manchuria after June 1932. 

5 Not shown prior to 1932; included in data for China. 

• Java and Madura only. 
7 4-year average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. Mostly milled rice. - 
Under rice is included paddy, unhulled, rough, milled, polished, broken, and cargo rice, in addition to 
rice flour and meal. Rice bran is not included. Rough rice, or paddy, where specifically reported, has 
been reduced to terms of milled rice at the ratio of 162 pounds of rough or unhulled to 100 pounds of milled. 
"Rice, other than whole or cleaned rice" in the returns of the United Kingdom is not considered paddy, 
since the chief sources of supply indicate that it is practically all hulled rice. Cargo rice, a mixture of hulled 
and unhulled, is included without being reduced to terms of milled. Broken rice and rice flour and meal, 
are taken without being reduced to terms of whole milled rice. 



84 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 99. — Buckwheat: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United 

States, 1866-1936 



Year 


Acreage 
harvested 


Average 

yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel re- 
ceived by 
farmers » 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade, including flour, 
year beginning July * 


Domestic 
exports 


Imports 


Net bal- 
ance 3 


1866 


1,000 

acres 
Til 
811 
781 


Bushels 
15.4 
13.8 
13.5 


1,000 
bushels 
11, 861 
11, 184 
10, 520 
9,822 
10, 437 
9,249 
9,271 
10, 337 
10, 370 
10, 031 

10, 991 
9,613 

11, 854 

12, 000 
11,817 
11, 742 
11, 009 

8.678 

10, 678 
7,143 

10, 139 

11, 567 

10, 771 
9,666 
9,729 

12,110 

11, 654 
11,979 

12, 863 
12, 119 

10, 330 

11, 024 

12, 426 

13, 791 

14, 318 
12, 187 
11,234 
11, 197 

11, 709 
15, 145 

13, 547 

14, 263 

15, 4S9 
15. 997 
14, 806 
14, 225 
14, 675 
14,849 
14,762 
14, 536 
13, 888 
15,095 
10, 208 

12, 919 

12. 523 

10, 302 

13. 605 

14. 404 
12,690 
12, 707 
12, 193 

11, 822 
11,776 

11, 596 
12,004 

12, 508 
12, 559 
10, 976 
12, S20 
10, 117 

8, 359 
8,692 
6,960 


Cents 
94.4 
106.0 
103.8 


1,000 
dollars 
11, 192 
11, 860 
10, 915 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1867 








1868 








1869 








1869 


761 
739 
725 
769 
751 
747 
793 
815 
839 
838 
848 
842 
818 
800 
800 
804 
782 
826 
802 
799 
812 
837 
809 
821 
829 
840 
806 
805 
801 
856 
827 
794 
807 
803 
791 
807 
810 
824 
831 
825 
821 
833 
842 
878 
871 
840 
805 
804 
774 
752 
754 
786 
926 
1,018 
743 
733 
729 
640 
729 
689 
717 
737 
742 
G79 
764 
679 
622 
627 
573 


13.7 
12.5 
12.8 
13.4 
13.8 
13.4 
13.9 
11.8 
14.1 
14.3 
13.9 
13.9 
13.5 
10.8 
13.3 
8.9 
13.0 
14.0 
13.4 
12.1 
12.0 
14.5 
14.4 
14.6 
15.5 
14.4 
12.8 
13.7 
15.5 
16.1 
17.3 
15.3 
13.9 
13.9 
14.8 
18.8 
16.7 
17.3 
18.6 
19.4 
18.0 
17.1 
17.4 
16.9 
16.9 
17.3 
17.3 
18.8 
13.2 
17.2 
16.6 
13.1 
14.7 
14.1 
17.1 
17.3 
16.7 
18.5 
16.2 
16.8 
16.8 
17.0 
16.9 
16.2 
16.8 
14.9 
13. 4 
13.9 
12.1 


86.9 
79.7 
82.4 
83.7 
81.5 
80.3 
69.5 
71. 5 
69.3 
52.8 


9.073 
7, 369 
7,637 
8,653 
8,448 
8,055 
7,643 
6,870 
8,211 
6,339 








1870 








1871 




8 
19 
14 
10 

4 

11 
6 


-8 


1872 - - 




-19 


1873 




— 14 


1874 




-10 


1875 -- 




-4 


1876 - - - 






1877 




-11 


1878 




-6 


1879 






1879 


59.6 
59.2 
86.7 
72.8 
82.0 
58.4 
56.0 
54.3 
56.6 
62.9 


7,003 
6,512 
7,528 
7,770 
5,858 
5,919 
6,477 
5,849 
5.469 
6,116 




26 

4 

116 

154 

146 

63 

77 

74 

19 

56 


-26 


1880 




-4 


1881 




-116 


1882 -- - 




-154 


1883" 




-146 


1884 - - 




—63 


1885 --- 




-77 


1886 __.---- 




-74 


1887 ...-._ 




-19 


1888" --- 




-56 


1889 - - 






1889 


50.9 
57.3 
57.1 
52.2 
58.4 
55.1 
45.3 
39.0 
41.9 
44.8 


5,934 
6,867 
7,345 
6,332 
6, 032 
6,070 
5,632 
5,374 
5, 993 
5,455 




36 

1 
1 
294 
107 
2 
4 
4 
3 


-36 


1890 --- -- -- - 






1891 ..- 




-1 


1892 -- - - - --- 




-1 


1893 -- -- - - - 




-294 


1894 




-107 


1895 




-2 


1896 


1,677 
1,370 
1,534 


+1, 673 


1897 


+ 1, 366 


1898 


+1,531 


1S99 . - 




1899 .- 


56.1 

55.8 
56.3 
59.5 
60.8 
62.5 
58.3 
59.4 
69.9 
77. 7 


6,279 
6.535 
8,533 
8.062 
8,669 
9, 675 
9,333 
8,802 
9,938 
11, 406 


427 
123 
720 
118 
31 
316 
697 
199 
116 
187 


3 
2 
2 

5 
5 
4 
3 
1 
30 
21 


+424 


1900 


+121 


1901 


+718 


1902 


+113 


1903 


+26 


1904 


+312 


1905 


+694 


1906 


+198 


1907 


+86 


1908 


+166 


1909 




1909 


72.3 
67.5 
75.8 
67. S 
76.2 
80.6 
81.6 
126.6 
167.1 
163.9 


10, 670 
9,813 
10, 526 
10, 2-11 
7,781 
10. 419 
10, 216 
13, 041 
22, 736 
23,609 


158 


11 
92 
21 
64 
206 
259 
402 
266 
510 
413 


+147 


1910 


-92 


1911 




-21 


1912 


1 
1 
414 
515 
260 
6 
119 


-63 


1913 


—205 


1914 


+155 


1915 


+113 


1916 


-6 


1917 


-504 


1918 


-294 


1919 




1919 


158.7 
125. 4 
87.9 
89.5 
95.8 


20, 163 
15,288 
10, 391 
10, 536 

11, 104 


245 
399 
485 
172 
92 


160 
336 
113 
286 
322 


+85 


1920 


+63 


1921 


+372 


1922 


-114 


1923 


-230 


1924. 




1924 


107.4 
87.2 
87.1 
86.9 
89.9 


13, 433 
10, 950 

9,565 
11, 137 

9,095 


191 

79 

66 

554 

229 


546 
8S 
86 
74 
79 


-355 


1925. 


-9 


1926 


-20 


1927 


+4S0 


1928 


+150 


1929 




1929 _ - 


96.3 
78.9 


8,367 
5,493 


22 
85 


171 
426 


-149 


1930 


-341 



See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



85 



Table 



-Buckwheat: Acreage, 'production, value, and foreign trade, United 
States, 1866-1 986— Continued 



Year 


Acreage 
harvested 


Average 

yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel re- 
ceived by 
farmers > 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade, including flour, 
year beginning July 2 


Domestic 
exports 


Imports 


IS et bal- 
ance 3 


1931 


1,000 

acres 
505 
454 
462 
477 
503 
370 


Bushels 
17.6 
14.8 
17.0 
18.9 
16.6 
16.8 


1,000 
bushels 
8,890 
6,727 
7,844 
9,026 
8,332 
6,218 


Cents 
42.3 
43.4 
55.8 
58.6 
55.0 
79.4 


1,000 
dollars 
3,764 
2.918 
4,380 
5,285 
4,583 
4,939 


1,000 

bushels 

524 

33 

42 

55 

( 5 ) 


1,000 
bushels 
14 
62 
« 104 
20 
28 


1,000 
bushels 
+510 


1932 


-29 


1933 


-62 


1934 


+35 


1935 


-28 


1936 6 













' Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States 1871-1917; Foreign Commerce and 
Navigation of the United States 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June 
issues, 1919-26; January and June issues 1927-36. Buckwheat, imports for consumption 1871-1924 and 1930- 
36 — general imports 1925-29; buckwheat flour imports for consumption 1871-1936. Buckwheat flour con- 
verted to terms of grain on the basis that 1 barrel of flour is the product of 7 bushels of grain. 

* Net exports indicated by +, net imports indicated by — . 

* Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 
« Less than 500 bushels. 

* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



Table 100. — Buckwheat: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harv 


ested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 » 




1,000 

acres 

11 

2 

168 

1 

163 


1,000 

acres 

10 

2 

140 

1 

146 


1,000 

acres 

10 

2 

112 

1 

124 


Bushels 
19.7 
21.3 
17.1 
19.8 
17.4 


Bush- 
els 
16.0 
23.0 
17.0 
20.0 
19.5 


Bush- 
els 
16.0 
22.0 
18.0 
22.0 
19.5 


1,000 

bushels 

207 

41 

2,692 

20 

2,576 


1,000 

bushels 

160 

46 

2,380 

20 

2,847 


1,000 

bushels 

160 

44 

2,016 

22 

2,418 


Cents 
70 
66 
56 
62 
53 


Cents 
82 


Vermont. __ 


82 




82 




93 




76 






North Atlantic 


345 


299 


249 


17.4 


18.2 


18.7 


5,536 


5,453 


4,660 


54.9 


78.9 


Ohio -. - 


25 
14 
4 
26 
17 
49 
5 
1 
15 
14 


21 
28 
14 
27 
16 
20 
12 

1 
10 

5 


20 

8 
5 

15 
10 
12 
3 

1 

1 
1 


17.1 
13.7 
13.7 
11.8 
12.1 
10.6 
13.7 
11.0 
10.1 
10.2 


20.0 
14.0 
16.0 
14.0 
11.0 

8.5 
14.0 

9.0 
11.0 
10.0 


16.0 
13.0 
13.5 
11.5 
10.0 
8.3 
9.0 
9.5 
1.5 
5.5 


410 

191 

60 

288 

197 

479 

58 

10 

139 

134 


420 
392 
224 
378 
176 
170 
168 
9 

no 

50 


320 

104 

68 

172 

100 

100 

27 

10 

2 

6 


52 

51 
49 
•47 
52 
42 
57 
60 
47 
48 


76 




87 




88 




73 




87 




79 


Iowa -_ .- . 


83 




90 


North Dakota.. . .. .. 


80 


South Dakota . .. 








North Central 


171 


154 


76 


12.4 


13.6 


12.0 


1,976 


2,097 


909 


49.9 


79.5 


Delaware ... .. 


1 

J4 
21 
4 


1 

6 

15 

20 

4 


1 
5 
14 
17 
4 


11.1 
19.3 
13.0 
17.5 
13.1 


11.5 
21.0 
13.0 
17.0 
15.0 


12. C 
18.0 
14.0 
15.0 
15.0 


11 

120 
171 
359 
58 


12 
126 
195 
340 

60 


12 
90 
196 
255 
60 


61 
55 
71 
70 
80 






72 


Virginia.. 


82 




85 


North Carolina.. . 


90 






South Atlantic 


47 


46 


41 


15.9 


15.9 


15.0 


719 


733 


613 


68.2 


82.5 


Kentucky 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


10.0 
13.2 


13.0 

11.5 


7.0 
11.0 


21 
25 


26 
23 


14 

22 


87 
80 


95 




85 






South Central 


4 


4 


4 


11.2 


12.2 


9.0 


47 


49 


36 


S3. 7 


88.9 


United States 


568 


503 


370 


15.7 


16.6 


16.8 


8,277 


8,332 


6,218 


55.0 


79.-! 



1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



86 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 101. — Buckwheat: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United 

States, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 

15 


Dec. 
15 


Jan. 

15 


Feb 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 

15 


June 
15 


July 
15 


Aug. 
15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
90.4 
92.3 
92.6 
96.6 
97.1 
52.2 
43.0 
68.4 
68.,8 
57.2 
81.9 


Cents 
86.5 
82.9 
84.5 
95.8 
90.5 
40.2 
40.3 
56.7 
60.4 
53.1 
78.3 


Cents 
83.6 
79.4 
84.8 
95.6 
84.4 
41.2 
39.0 
52. 5 
55.5 
52.1 
76.8 


Cents 
83.5 
81.0 
88.7 
95.9 
79.7 
41.9 
38.3 
51.3 
56.1 
51.6 
79.7 


Cents 
83.6 
82.0 
91.2 
97.3 
78.9 
42.1 
39.2 
52.1 
57.7 
51.7 


Cents 
84.6 
85.2 
94.3 
95.8 
76.3 
40.9 
39.1 
52.8 
59.7 
53.9 


Cents 
86.0 
90.2 
94.1 
94.9 
77.0 
41.7 
39.5 
54.3 
59.6 
53.9 


Cents 
85.1 
94.8 
96.4 
94.8 
74.9 
41.4 
42.7 
55.5 
59.7 
55.0 


Cents 
88.1 

102.3 
96.5 
95.7 
72.9 
40.9 
48.4 
55. 5 
60.7 
55.6 


Cents 
98.8 

109.0 
94.7 

100.0 
72.3 
42.3 
53.6 
60.8 
62.5 
57.2 


Cents 
101.0 
108.0 
100.4 
98.3 
69.8 
44.2 
66.3 
64.7 
62.1 
66.4 


Cents 
98.1 
98.1 
99.6 
97.4 
59.2 
44.3 
67.3 
67.0 
59.6 
78.7 


Cents 
87 1 


1927-28 

1928-29 „ 


86.9 
8y 9 


1929-30, 


96 3 


1930-31 


78 9 


1931-32.. 


42 3 


1932-33. 

1933-34 


43.4 
55.8 


1934-35 


58.6 


1935-36 .. 


55 


1936-37 


1 79.4 























i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices , 
by States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 531. 



Table 102. — Sorghums 1 cut for grain, forage, and all purposes: Acreage, production , 
and season average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 1919-36 





Grain 


Forage 


All purposes 




















Equiv- 






Year 


Acre- 


Yield 




Acre- 


Yield 




Acre- 


Equiv- 


alent 








age 


Produc- 


age 


Produc- 


age 


alent 


produc- 


Price s 


Farm 




har- 




tion 


har- 




tion 


har- 


yield 


tion on 


value 




vested 






vested 






vested 


per acre 


total 

acreage 


















1,000 














1,000 


Bush- 


1,000 


1,000 


Short 


short 


1,000 




1,000 




1,000 




acres 


els 


bushels 


acres 


tons 


tons 


acres 


Bushels 


bushels 


Cents 


dollars 


1919 


3,619 


19.9 


72, 086 


















1919 


3,630 


20.4 


73, 952 


2,665 


1.67 


4.43S 


6,295 


19.4 


122, 330 


128.0 


156, 531 


1920 


4,027 


21.8 


87, 734 


2,513 


1.78 


4,479 


6,540 


20.9 


136,367 


94.2 


128, 504 


1921 


3,700 


19.2 


70, 950 


2,424 


1.57 


3,794 


6,124 


18.3 


112,273 


39.2 


44, 062 


1922 


3,369 


14.7 


49, 523 


2,127 


1.37 


2,917 


5,496 


13.7 


75, 530 


87.2 


65, 898 


1923 


4,204 


14.7 


61,648 


2,150 


1.40 


3,015 


6,354 


13.9 


88,466 


93.5 


82, 674 


1924 


S, 526 
3,519 


16.6 
17.4 


58, 700 
61,079 


















1924 


2,451 


1.41 


3.464 


5,970 


16.3 


97, 166 


85.7 


83, 248 


1925 


3,917 


14.6 


57. 161 


2,804 


1.30 


3,644 


6,721 


13.4 


90. 390 


75.3 


68,072 


1926 


4,211 


16.8 


70, 783 


2,557 


1.35 


3, 449 


6,768 


16.0 


108, 136 


54.4 


58,798 


1927 


4,260 


19.0 


81, 130 


2,755 


1.49 


4,113 


7,015 


18.3 


128, 028 


80.4 


102, 901 


1928 


4,115 


18.7 


76, 797 


2,534 


1.49 


3,781 


6,649 


18.1 


120, 621 


68.4 


82, 517 


1929* 


S, 522 


13.9 


49, 080 


















1929 


3,464 


14.2 


49,115 


2,930 


1.35 


3,951 


6,394 


12.9 


82,214 


73.2 


GO, 153 


1930 


3,437 


10.7 


36,811 


3,152 


1.18 


3,705 


6,589 


9.5 


62, 570 


56.9 


35, 579 


1931 


4,667 


16.3 


76, 047 


2,816 


1.30 


3,667 


7,483 


15.2 


113,649 


26.3 


29, 940 


1932 


4,433 


15.0 


66, 652 


3,533 


1.28 


4,517 


7,966 


13.8 


109, 745 


29.8 


32, 698 


1933 


4,483 


12.5 


55,931 


2,824 


1.24 


3,514 


7,307 


11.3 


82, 685 


51.0 


42,168 


1934 


2,370 


7.8 


18, 599 


















1934 


2,347 


7.9 


18, 521 


4,483 


.87 


3.920 


6,830 


5.9 


40, 225 


99.8 


40, 133 


1935 


4,222 


12.9 


54,634 


5.132 


1.32 


6,757 


9,354 


10.5 


98, 495 


56.1 


55, 236 


1936 * 


2,620 


11.1 


29, 168 


4,380 


.90 


3,933 


7,000 


8.0 


55, 701 


85.1 


47, 407 



1 Kafirs, milo, feterita, durra, etc. 

> From 1919 to 1924, Nov. 15 price; 1925 and 1926, Dec. 1 price. 

3 Includes sorgo seed. 

* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF GRAINS 



87 



Table 103. — Sorghums: 1 Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage for all 
purposes 


Yield 


per acre J 


Production for all 
purposes i 


Price for 
crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19363 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19363 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 3 


1935 


1936 3 




1,000 

acres 

130 

21 

1,107 

<54 

1,422 

3,621 

236 

319 

30 

87 


1,000 

acres 

276 

357 

1,760 

103 

1,645 

4,450 

221 

352 

42 

148 


1,000 

acres 

238 

136 

1,214 

82 

1,316 

3,338 

217 

300 

38 

121 


Bu. 

13.4 
13.3 
15.0 
«10.2 
11.3 
16 
10.0 
15.7 
23.6 
27.1 


Bu. 
8.5 
7.5 
5.5 
8.5 
8.0 

13.5 
4.5 
8.0 

27.0 

32.0 


Bu. 
6.0 
6.5 
4.5 
8.0 
5.0 
9.5 
9.0 
6.5 
28.5 
33.0 


1,000 

bu. 

1,786 

268 

15, 987 

*588 
14, 505 
55, 091 

2,253 

4,338 
784 

2,276 


1,000 

bu. 

2.346 

2,678 

9,680 

876 

13, 160 

60, 075 

994 

2,816 

1,134 

4,736 


1,000 
bu. 
1,428 

884 
5,463 

656 
6,580 
31,711 
1,953 
1.9E0 
1,083 
3,993 


Cents 
85 
67 
68 
75 
65 
50 
66 
52 
62 
59 


Cents 
99 


Nebraska 


97 




97 




89 




97 


Texas.. 


80 


Colorado - -. 


91 




81 




84 


California 


81 






United States 


7,016 


9, 354 


7,000 


14.7 


10.5 


8.0 


97, 760 


98, 495 


55, 701 


56.1 


85.1 



i Kafirs, milo, feterita, durra, etc. 

J Includes grain equivalent on forage acreage. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 104. — Grain sorghums: Receipts graded by licensed inspectors, all inspection 
points, total of all classes under each grade, 1926-27 to 1935-36 



Year beginning July 


Grade 


Total 


No. 1 


No. 2 


No. 3 


No. 4 


Sample 


1926-27.... 


Cars 
878 

1,175 
866 
557 
224 

1,256 
323 
409 
533 

1,614 


Cars 
7,180 
9,885 
7,247 
5,495 
2,368 

11,556 
2,501 
2,614 
1,174 
2,206 


Cars 
6,674 
8,125 
5,400 
4,043 
2,432 
3,197 
1,183 
1,081 
508 
916 


Cars 

1,792 

3,143 

6,794 

3,664 

1,240 

944 

757 

427 

155 

468 


Cars 
691 
965 
3,969 
1,722 
390 
597 
341 
465 
238 
553 


Cars 
17,215 


1927-28 


23, 293 


1928-29 


24, 276 


1929-30 


15, 481 


1930-31 


6,654 


1931-32 


17,550 


1932-33 


5,105 


1933-34 


4,996 


1934-35 1 


2,608 


1935-36 


5,757 







1 Revised standards effective Sept. 1, 1934. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



Table 105. — Cotton: Acreage, vroduction, value, and foreign trade, United State*, 

1866-1936 



Year 


Acreage 
in 
culti- 
vation 
July 1' 


Acreage 

har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 2 


Season 

average 

price 

per 

pound 
received 

by 
farmers 3 


Farm 
value 


Market price 
per pound, 
year begin- 
ning August * 


Foreign trade, year 
beginning August 




Xew 
York 


New 

Or- 
leans 


Domes- 
tic 

exports 

5 6 - 


Im- 
ports 

6 8 


Net 
exports 

5 6 7 9 


1866 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 
7,666 
7,864 
6,973 


Lb. 
121.5 
142.6 
150. 7 


1,000 
bales 
2. 097 
2. 520 
2,366 
S.012 
3,011 
4.352 
2,974 
3,933 
4,168 
3,836 
4.631 
4.474 
4,773 
5,074 

0.7 DO 

5.756 
6,606 
5.456 
6,949 
5,713 
5,6S2 
6,576 
6,505 
7,047 
6,938 
7,173 
7,473 
8,653 
9,035 
6.700 
7,493 
9.901 
7.162 
8,533 

10, 899 

11,278 
9,535 
9,346 

10, 124 
9,508 

10. 630 
9,851 

13, 43S 

10, 576 
13,274 
11,106 
13.241 
10,619 
10. 005 

11, 609 
15, 694 
13, 703 
14, 153 
16.112 
11,172 
11,448 
11.284 
12,018 


Cents 


1,000 
dollars 




Cents 
32.16 
24.54 
28.64 


Cents 


1,000 

bales 
io 1, 323 
'•i 1. 511 

1,288 


1,000 
bales 

2 
o 

6 


1,000 

bales 
1,324 


1867 




1,510 


1868 




1.284 


1869 










1869 




7,751 
9,238 
8,285 
9,580 
10, 99S 

10, 753 
11,348 

11, 747 

12, 606 

13, 539 
U, 4S0 

14, 474 

15, 921 

16, 4S3 
15, 638 
16,295 
1*.S49 
17, 922 
18, 370 

18, 793 

19, 520 
£0, 175 
20, 191 
20,937 
21,503 
18. 869 

20, 256 

21, SS6 
19.839 

23, 230 
25, 131 

24, 715 

s&m 

24, 163 
24, 886 
27. 050 
27, 561 
27. 762 
30,077 
27, 753 
31, 404 
30, 729 
31,091 
32, 0U 

30, 555 

31, 508 
34,916 

32, 557 
35, 206 
35,615 
29, 951 
33.071 
32, 245 
35, 038 


155.4 
208.2 
159.0 
182.3 
168.3 
157.0 
181.2 
167.6 
170.4 
167.5 

"lSO^" 
190.9 
149.0 
208.9 
162.0 
155.1 
169. 9 
164.3 
175.1 
169.5 

~176.~9" 
195.5 
198.7 
168.7 
175.3 
219.0 
172.2 
175.2 
209.0 
223.1 

~185.T 

194.7 
16S.2 
184.7 
169.9 
213.7 
182.3 
202.3 
172.9 
203.8 

"15675" 
176.2 

215.0 
201.4 
192.3 

216.4 
178. 5 
105. 6 
167.4 
164.1 






25.31 
17.04 
21.88 
20.22 
17.29 
15. 67 
13.10 
11.89 
11.17 
10.82 




1,980 
2,894 
1,851 

2,437 
2.706 
2,523 
3,003 
2,869 
3,198 
3,265 


4 
3 
7 
11 
5 
5 
5 
6 
7 
6 


1,977 


1870 








2,893 


1S71 









1.844 


1872 




2,426 


1873 








2.702 


1874. 








2.520 


1875 








2.999 


1876 




9.71 
8.53 
8.16 


200, 791 
192,217 
194, 224 


2,864 


1877 




3.194 


1878 




3, 259 


1879 






1879 




10.28 
9.83 

10.66 
9.12 
9.13 
9.19 
8.39 
8.06 
8.55 
8.50 


281,784 

312. 925 
274. 440 
311,644 
252, 501 
251,551 
267, 481 
254, 733 
294, 527 
294, 183 


12.13 
11.36 
12.09 
10. SI 
10.87 
10.74 
9.47 
9.91 
10.15 
10.44 




3,711 
4,409 
3,430 
4,5S2 
3,745 
3,740 
4,193 
4.274 
4,557 
4,720 


7 
9 
9 
9 
15 
10 
11 
9 
11 
17 


3, 705 


1880 




4,403 


1S81 




3,426 


1SS2 




4, 577 


1883 




3,734 


1884 




3,733 


1885 _ 

1886 





4,185 
4.266 


1887 




4, 547 


1888 




4,704 


1889 






1889 




8.55 
8.59 
7.24 
8.34 
7.00 
4.59 
7.62 
6.66 
6.68 
5.73 


319.334 
368, 108 
323, 943 
277. 556 
260, 096 
230.071 
272. o7S 
283, 463 
367, 065 
330, 282 


11.27 
9.48 
7.68 
S.45 
7. 75 
6.38 
8.10 
7.71 
6.40 
6.00 


10.69 
9.08 
7.28 
8.15 
7.30 
5.86 
7. 68 
7.2S 
5.84 
5,46 


4, 934 
5,859 
5,888 
4,456 
5,309 
7,010 
4,710 
6,172 
7.757 
7,662 


19 

45 

61 

90 

58 

104 

115 

119 

102 

105 


4.915 


1890 




5,815 


1891 




5.S27 


1892 . 




4.363 


1893 




5,258 


1894 




6, 90S 


1895 




4,595 


1896 




6,057 


1897 




7,656 


1898 




7,557 


1899 






1899 




6.98 
9.15 
7.03 
7.60 

10.49 
8.98 

10.78 
9.58 

10.36 
9.01 


326, 20S 
463, 295 
334,075 
403, 717 
516, 764 
603. 433 
569, 78S 
635. 537 
575, 207 
596, 611 


8.36 
9.38 
8.73 
9.96 
12.84 
9.09 
11.30 
11.24 
11.53 
10.23 


8.03 

"8.15" 
9.64 
12.49 
8.70 
10.97 
10.92 
11.41 
9. SO 


6.228 
6,800 
6,949 
7,084 
6,207 
8,908 
7,118 
8,943 
7,666 
8,955 


140 
109 
202 
151 
103 
129 
144 
227 
153 
181 


6,091 


1900 

1901 




6,692 
6,750 


1902 

1903 





6.936 
6,107 


1904 




8,781 


1905 




6.9S0 


1906 

1907 





8,741 
7,518 


1908 




S.77S 


1909 






1909 

1910 

1911 

1912 

1913 

1914 

1915 

1916 

1917 

1918 


31,744 

32, 4S0 
35, 634 
33, 199 
35, 721 
36, 197 
30.544 

33, 977 
33, 064 
36, 123 


13.60 
13.95 

9.60 
11.49 
12.51 

7.36 
11.22 
17.33 
27.12 
28.92 


680, 249 
809. 722 
752. 94!> 
7S7, 223 
884, 904 
592, 799 
626, 752 
992, 160 
1, 529, 815 
1,737,998 


14.66 
14.87 
10.85 

12.29 
13.21 
u 8. 89 
11.98 
19.28 
29.68 
31.01 


14.33 

14. 65 
10.85 
12.20 
13.12 

"IL6S" 

15. 84 
28.96 
29.87 


6.353 
8,027 
11.116 
9,146 
9, 508 
8,702 
6,113 
5,525 
4, 402 
5,774 


170 
245 
233 
249 
273 
400 
458 
311 
231 
211 


6,194 
7,787 
10,885 
8,899 
9,251 
8,322 
5,673 
5.219 
4,175 
5,568 



See footnotes at end of table. 
88 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



89 



Table 105. — Cotton: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1 866-1 986— Continued 



Year 


Acreage 
in 
culti- 
vation 
July 1' 


Acreage 

har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 2 


Season 

average 

price 

per 

pound 

received 

by 
farmers 3 


Farm 
value 


Market price 
per pound, 
year begin- 
ning August < 


Foreign trade, year 
beginning August 




New- 
York 


New 
Or- 
leans 


Domes- 
tic 
exports 

! « 7 


Im- 
ports 
e 8 


Net 
exports 

5 8 7 


1919 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 
33, 740 
32, 906 

34, 408 
28. 678 
31,361 
35,550 
89,204 
39, 501 
44, 386 
44. 608 
38, 342 

42, 434 
43,227 

43, 232 
42, 444 
38, 704 

35. 891 
'3 29, 383 

26, 754 
26, 866 
27.335 
30, 054 


Lb. 

"16579" 

186.7 
132.5 
148.8 
136.4 

"16576" 
173.5 
192.9 
161.7 
163.3 

"1612" 
157. 1 
211.5 
173.5 
212.7 

"m.T 

186.3 
197.6 


1,000 
bales 
11,376 
11,411 
13, 429 
7,945 
9,755 
10. 140 
13, 6S3 

13, 630 
16, 105 
17, 978 
12, 956 

14, 477 
14, 574 
14, 825 
13,932 
17.097 
13, 003 
13, 047 

9,472 
9,636 
10, 638 
12, 407 


Cents 


1,000 
dollars 


Cents 


Cents 


1,000 
bales 


1,000 
bales 


1,000 
bales 


1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923 

1921, 


34, 573 
35, 872 
29, 716 
32, 176 
37, 000 


35.41 
15.92 
17.01 
22.87 
28.69 


2, 020, 161 
1,069,310 
675, 745 
1,115,554 
1, 454, 290 


38.29 
17.89 
18.92 
26.24 
31.11 


38.21 
16. 55 
17.92 
25.94 
30.33 


6,707 
5,973 
6,348 
5,007 
5,815 


732 
237 
380 
492 
306 


5,993 
5,753 
5,980 
4, 536 
5,530 


1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 


40, 690 
45, 968 
45, 839 
39, 471 
43, 737 


22.91 
19.59 
12.47 
20.19 
17.99 


1, 561, 022 
1,577,091 
1,121,185 
1, 308, 088 
1, 302, 049 


24.74 
20.53 
15.15 
20.42 
19.73 


24.21 
19.71 
14.74 
19.98 
18.98 


8,240 
8,267 
11,299 
7,857 
8,419 


328 
340 
419 
354 

479 


7,923 
7,939 
10, 900 
7,522 
7,957 


1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

19S4 


44, 448 
43,329 
39, 110 
36, 494 
40, 248 


16.79 
9.46 
5.66 
6.52 

10.17 


1, 244, 852 
659, 044 
483, 639 
424, 013 
663, 516 


16.60 
10.38 
6.34 
7.37 
11.09 


16.16 
10.08 
6.20 
7.26 
10.92 


7,035 
7,133 
9,193 
8,895 
7,964 


396 
112 
138 
136 
"156 


6,650 
7,029 
9.0S1 
8,766 
7,815 


1934 

1935 

19361* 


27, 860 
27, 888 
30, 932 


12.36 

11.09 

I 6 12. 30 


595, 615 
590, 136 
760, 386 


12.44 
11.75 


12.44 
11.65 


5,037 
6,267 


112 

168 


4,925 
6,099 















1 For 1909 to 1926, inclusive, the acreage figures relate to June 25 instead of July 1. 

s Department figures are in running bales for all years prior to 1899, and in 500-pound gross-weight bales 
1899-1936. Agricultural census figures for all periods are in running bales. 

3 Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

4 New York prices 1866-67 to August 1871, Chronological and Statistical History of Cotton, by E. J. 
Donnell; 1871-72 to August 1900, Commercial and Financial Chronicle, average of daily quotations, 
beginning 1900 from reports of the New York Cotton Exchange except Sept. 23-Nov. 16. 1914, when the 
exchange was closed (prices for this period from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle). New Orleans 
prices were from same sources prior to Aug. 16, 1915, since which date, from reports of the New Orleans 
Cotton Exchange direct to this bureau. These central market prices are for Middling grade, J^-inch staple, 
only. 

J Excluding linters from 1914 to 1936. 

8 Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and 
Navigation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, 
June and July 1919-34, and January 1927-36. 

7 Bales of 500 pounds gross weight. 

8 Bales of 478 pounds net, which are equivalent to bales of 500 pounds gross weight. 

9 Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus imports. 
i° Year beginning July. 

u 13 months, July-July. 

12 Average for 9 months only. Exchange closed Aug. 1-Nov. 17, on account of war. 

1 3 Area in cultivation July 1 less removal of acreage reported by the Agricultural Adjustment Adminis- 
tration, less abandonment on area not under contract. 

14 Includes imports for consumption, beginning January 1934; reexports not considered beginning this date 

1 5 Preliminary. 

19 Season average price to Dec. 1. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Agricultural census figures in italics. Production figures conform 
with census annual ginning enumerations, with allowance for cross State ginnings, State figures rounded 
to thousands and added for United States total. Cotton grown in Baja California, old Mexico, ginned in 
California, from 1913 to 1924 has been excluded. 



90 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 106. — Cotton: Acreage, yield, -production of lint in 500-pound gross-weight 
bales, and season average price per pound received by farmers, by States, aver* 
and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 

l i 


Missouri 


1,000 

acres 

372 

79 

1,432 

1,879 

3,164 

124 

1,066 

3,373 

3,967 

3,383 

1,847 

3,707 

15, 598 

122 

186 

222 

20 


1,000 

acres 

302 

52 

930 

1,362 

2,155 

89 

736 

2,243 

2,644 

2,137 

1,221 

2,318 

10, 657 

90 

160 

218 

21 


1,000 

acres 

378 

53 

958 

1,403 

2,284 

88 

810 

2,333 

2,961 

2,564 

1,380 

2,295 

11,829 

117 

208 

368 

25 


Lb. 
256 
270 
269 
208 
176 
125 
197 
172 
191 
188 
192 
149 
139 
318 
327 
386 
225 


Lb. 

280 
273 
294 
261 
235 
165 
206 
226 
228 
191 
218 
117 
133 
398 
405 
524 
193 


Lb. 

392 
307 
305 
279 
228 
174 
255 
234 
309 
242 
265 
60 
119 
450 
391 
572 
288 


1,000 

bales 

228 

45 

752 

856 

1,241 

35 

479 

1,255 

1,559 

1,352 

745 

1,109 

4,580 

90 

128 

200 

11 


1,000 

bales 

177 

30 

572 

744 

1,059 

31 

317 

1,059 

1,259 

853 

556 

567 

2,956 

75 

135 

239 

9 


1,000 

bales 

310 

34 

612 

820 

1,090 

32 

431 

1,140 

1,910 

1,295 

763 

290 

2,945 

Ho 

170 

440 

15 


Ct. 
11.15 
11.43 
11.49 
11.31 
11.07 
10.29 
10.91 
10.70 
11.32 
11.22 
10.97 
10.56 
10.99 
11.85 
12.74 
11.65 
10.93 


Ct. 

11 70 


Virginia 


12 20 


North Carolina 


12 70 


South Carolina 


12 80 


Georgia . 


12 30 


Florida 


11.80 




11 90 


Alabama .. .. 


12 10 


Mississippi 

Arkansas 


13.00 
12.10 




12.40 


Oklahoma 


10.80 


Texas ... .. 


11.80 


New Mexico 


12.60 


Arizona 3 ... 


12.40 


California 


12.60 


All other 


11.90 






United States 


40, 541 


27,335 


30, 054 


169.9 


186.3 


197.6 


14, 667 


10, 638 


12, 407 


11.09 


12.30 


Baja California (Old 
Mexico) 4 


101 
43 


113 
39 


136 

40 


242 
252 


304 
229 


204 
227 


48 
21 


72 
18 


58 
19 






Pima Egyptian 3 













i Preliminary. 

2 Season average price to Dec. 1. 

3 Pima Egyptian included in Arizona. 

4 Not included in California figures nor in United States total. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Production figures conform with census annual ginning enumerations , 
with allowance for cross State ginnings, State figures rounded to thousands and added for United States 
total. 



Table 107. — Cotton: Acreage and production in specified countries, average 1925-26 
to 1929-30, annual 1934-35 to 1936-37 





Acreage 


Production 


Country 


Average, 
1925-26 to 
1929-30 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 i 


Average, 
1925-26 to 
1929-30 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-371 


United States 


Acres 
42, 601, 000 
471,632 


^4cres 
26, 866, 000 
417, 903 


Acres 
27, 335. 000 
598, 681 


Acres 
30,054 000 
786, 000 


Bales J 
15, 268, 000 
252, 805 
3 33, 095 

14, 305 
245, 705 

5,776 

504,000 

3 2, 139 

3 12, 328 

115,392 

397 

• 22, 324 

3 351 

2,030 

35774 

4,500 

8 3, 300 

392 

15, 016 
3,046 

427 
2,974 
6,200 


Bales 2 

9, 636, 000 

222, 973 

7,245 

13, 836 

341, 970 

9,205 

1, 359, 000 


Bales 2 
10, 638, 000 
250, 526 


Bales 2 
12, 387, 000 


Mexico 


361,000 








49, 273 
304, 302 








18, 449 
398, 000 






367, 000 


390, 000 




366, 000 










1, 492, 000 

* 5, 601 

3 25, 163 

241, 073 

697 

130, 269 


1, 332, 000 


1, 765, 000 




1, 765, 000 


1, 808, 000 










68,419 
707, 000 


85, 091 
763, 000 




37,000 
295, 352 


38.128 
373, 385 




Argentina 


1,015,300 


360, 00O 






Haiti 


284, 906 






28, 492 


23,000 














10, 020 




























British West Indies 


17, 420 
3 8, 772 
1,763 
39, 819 
10, 869 
993 
13, 643 
15, 138 


14, 000 

7,309 

3,000 

90, 498 

48, 142 

35 

25, 432 




18, 700 

9,000 

4,000 

110, 000 

89, 400 




4,000 

4,378 

1,000 

36,000 

18, 000 

17 

8,562 


4,640 




Italy 


25,000 

5,000 

138, 000 

72,000 






1,000 
49, 000 
39, 000 






58, 000 


Bulgaria 


29,000 


Malta 






42, 756 
49 




12, 540 




Algeria 


494 





See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OP COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



91 



Table 107 — Cotton: Acreage and production in specified countries, average 1925-26 
to 1929-30, annual 1934-35 to 1936-37 — Continued 







A creage 




Production 




Country 


Average, 
1925-26 to 
1929-30 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 i 


Average, 

1925-26 to 

1929-30 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 i 


Morocco (French) 


Acres 
1,480 


Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


Bales 2 

448 

6,344 

«7,646 

3 2,406 

1,695 

9,486 

7,732 

5 28,846 

7 1, 698 
1, 587, 000 

125, 547 

4,005 

1,764 

1,660 

3 133 

26, 202 

1,299 

131, 257 

s 3. 022 

20.537 

4,759 

121 

1,495 

9,040 

•11,318 

2,532 

192 

93, 938 

9,886 

1, 032, 000 

2,977 

95, 160 

4, 724, 000 

2, 060, 000 

1,090 
149, 593 


Bales 2 


Bales 2 


Bales J 


French West Africa: 
Dahomey 


86, 485 

254, 834 

34,594 

10, 378 

106, 747 






2,583 
10, 240 
2,075 
387 
3,689 






Ivory Coast 


' 149. 376 

3 18,841 

48, 975 

' 130, 607 








French Guinea 










Senetral 








French Sudan 






L... 


French Togo 






! 


Nigeria . 










40,900 

24, 952 
1, 566, 000 

227, 474 

3,100 

1,107 

1,207 

122 

103. 238 
7.342 

211,918 


40, 100 

32,218 
1, 769, 000 

201, 038 




French Equatorial 
Africa 


< 22. 164 
1, 828, 000 

269, 600 
15, 862 

3 18, 162 
3 6, 487 


2S9, 601 
1, 798, 000 

364. 605 
11,853 
21, 004 
12, 850 








Egypt 

Anglo-Egyptian Su- 
dan 


1, 733, 000 
392, 331 


1, 781, 000 
474, 761 


1, 957. 000 
219, 564 


Italian Somaliland 




Niger Territory 










Eritrea 


3,000 




1,000 




Gold Coast.... 






Belgian Congo . 


26, 156 








121, 198 





Kenya 










Uganda 


615, 441 


1, 186, 000 


1, 366, 000 


1, 488, 000 


272, 000 


276. 000 


Angola 




Tanganyika 


* 15, 415 
33, 374 
2.566 
16. 706 
36, 634 
64, 490 
11,342 
1,631 

334, 230 
54, 977 

2, 017, 000 
6 15,000 




190, 100 




32, 643 
8,133 


59,500 
16,000 




Nvasaland 


41,649 




10, 000 


Northern Rhodesia > 






Southern Rhodesia 


5,760 






474 






Mozambique _. 










Union of South Africa. 








2,483 
1,561 


2,571 




Cyprus .. 


8,950 








Ceylon ... . 










Turkey 


486, 194 
32,723 

4, 787, 000 


520, 000 
81,000 

4, 827, 000 


625, 000 
99,000 

4,979,000 


162, 130 
12, 052 

1, 738, 000 
2,000 


241. 000 
27,000 

2, 250, 000 
2,510 


277, 000 


Syria and Lebanon 




Union of Soviet Social- 
ist Republics 

Iraq 


2, 800, 000 


Iran. 










India 

China 1" 


26, 192, 000 

4, 519, 000 

2.857 

495, 232 


23, 907, 000 

6, 827, 000 

1, 312 

474, 000 

228,000 

35, 590 

28,268 

9,731 

57,000 


25.999,000.25,219,000 
5, 318, 000 8. 547. 000 


4, 065, 000 

3,125,000 

542 

136, 000 

86,471 

5,883 

5,040 

3,944 

14, 759 


4, 965. 000 
2, 600, 000 


5, 278, 000 
3, 650, 000 


Japan 








Chosen 




514, 000 
140, 000 


560, 000 
175, 828 


189. 000 
47,000 




Manchuria... 


92, 000 


French Indo-China 


36, 984 
21, 708 
8,951 
18, 333 


5,662 
4,708 
3.244 
7,311 
2,374 














Siam 










































Estimated world 
total, including 
China 


S3, 120, 000 


73, 600, 000 


76, 000, 000 




26, 763, 000 


23,800,000 


26, 500, 000 


30, 200, 000 




i 





1 Preliminary. 

* Bales of 478 pounds net. 

3 Average for 4 years. 

4 Average for 2 years. 
■ Exports. 

e Estimate for 1 year. 

7 Average for 3 years. 

8 Production has been discontinued with the exception of a few experimental plots under Government 
supervision. 

» Includes Swaziland. 

10 Based on reports of the Chinese Cotton Statistics Association. Figures represent the crop in the most 
important cotton Provinces where the commercial crop is grown. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; from official sources, International Institute of Agriculture and esti- 
mates of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics except as noted. Data for crop year as given at the head of 
table are for crops the greater part of which were harvested between Aug. 1 and July 31. 



92 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 193T 

Table 108. — Cotton: Production, world and selected countries, 1909-10 to 1936-87 




1 Based on reports of the Chinese Cotton Statistics Association. Figures represent the crop in the most 
important cotton-producing Provinces where the commercial crop is grown. Most of the cotton produced 
in other Provinces is used for home hand-loom consumption. 

2 Figures as reported by the U. S. Bureau of the Census, including the cotton destined to enter com- 
mercial channels for factory purposes. Estimates of the commercial crop in China are included. 

3 Bales of 478 pounds net. 

4 From 1909-10 to 1916-17 bales of 500 pounds net, and from 1917-18 to 1921-22 in bales of 478 pounds net. 
Beginning with 1922-23, American in running bales and foreign in bales of 478 pounds net. 

» Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; from official sources, International Institute of Agriculture, and 
estimates of the Bureau oj Agricultural Economics, except as noted. 

The crop year is from Aug. 1 to July 31. For the United States prior to 1914 the figures apply to the year 
beginning Sept. 1. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 93 

Table 109. — Cotton: Supply and distribution, United States, 1913-14 to 1935-36 





Supply 


Distribution 


Year beginning 
August 


Carry-over 

from previous 

season 


Produc- 
tion 1 


Im- 
ports 


Total 
supply 


Consumption 


Ex- 
ports 


Stocks on 

band at end 

of year 


Total 
dis- 




For- 
eign 


Total 


For- 
eign 


Total 


For- 
eign 


Total 


tribu- 
tion J 


1913-14 

1914-15 


1,000 
bales 
83 
73 
145 
212 
143 
111 
83 
284 
174 
167 
196 
116 
106 


1,000 
bales 
1,511 
1,366 
3,936 
3,140 
2,720 
3,450 
4,287 
3, 563 
6,534 
2,832 
2, 325 
1,556 
1.610 


1,000 
bales 
13,983 

15, 906 
11, 068 
11, 364 
11, 248 

11, 906 
11,326 
13, 271 

9i 729 
10, 171 

13, 639 

16, 123 

17, 755 

12, 783 
14,297 

14, 548 

13, 756 
16. 629 
12,710 
12,664 

9,472 
10, 420 


1,000 
bales 
261 
382 
438 
292 
221 
202 
700 
226 
363 
470 
292 
313 
326 
401 
338 
458 
378 
108 
132 
130 
148 
107 
155 


1,000 

bales 
15, 755 

17, 654 
15, 442 
14,796 
14, 189 
15, 558 
16,313 
17,060 
14, 875 
13, 031 
12,788 

15, 508 

18, 059 

21, 699 

16, 883 
17,291 
17,238 
18, 394 
23, 131 

22. 518 
20, 977 
17,323 

17, 783 


1,000 
bales 
194 
222 
317 
319 
184 
176 
417 
216 
297 
344 
328 
276 
280 
310 
299 
313 
303 
179 
122 
133 
147 
120 
131 


1,000 
bales 
5,577 
5,597 
6,398 
6,789 
6,566 
5,766 
6,420 
4,893 
5,910 
6,666 
5,681 
6,193 
6,456 
7,190 
6,834 
7,091 
6,106 
5,263 
4,866 
6,137 
5,700 
5,361 
6,351 


1,000 
bales 
9,142 
8,323 
5,896 
5,300 
4,288 
5,592 
6,545 
5,745 
6,184 
4,823 
5,656 
8,005 
8,051 
10, 927 
7,540 
8,044 
6,690 
6.760 
8,708 
8,419 
7, 534 
4,799 
5,973 


1,000 
bales 
73 
145 
212 
143 
111 
83 
284 
174 
167 
196 
116 
106 
129 
99 
111 
182 
209 
107 
97 
84 
96 
71 
73 


1,000 
bales 
1,366 
3,936 
3,140 
2,720 
3,450 
4,287 
3,563 
6,534 
2,832 
2,325 
1,556 
1,610 
3,543 
3.762 
2,536 
2,312 
4, 530 
6,370 
9.678 
8,165 
7,744 
7,208 
5,409 


1,000 
bales 
16. 085 
17, 856 


1915-16 

1916-17 

1917-18 


15, 434 
14,809 
14, 304 


1918-19 

1919-20 


15,645 
16,528 


1920-21 


17, 172 


1921-22 


14, 926 


1922-23 


13,814 


1923-24 


12, 893 


1924-25 


15, SOS 


1925-26 


18, 050 


1926-27 


129 1 3.543 


21, 879 


1927-2S 


• 99 
111 
182 
209 
107 
97 
84 
96 
71 


3,762 
2.536 
2,312 
4,530 
6.370 
9,678 
8,165 
7.744 
7,208 


16,910 


1928-29 


17, 447 


1929-30 .. 


17, 326 


1930-31 


18. 393 


1931-32 


23, 252 


1932-33... 


22, 721 


1933-34 


20, 978 


1934-35 


17, 368 


1935-36 


17, 733 







» Production is expressed in running bales in tbis table and therefore the figures are not the same as those 
shown in tables where bales of 500 pounds gross weight are used. Consumption and carry-over statistics 
for American cotton are available only in runniDg bales, and therefore production and exports are shown 
in running bales. 

2 Total distribution usually is greater than total supply due principally to the inclusion, in all distribution 
items, of the "city crop", wbich consists of rebaled samples and pickings from cotton damaged by fire and 
weather. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics: compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 
Quantities are in running bales, round bales counted as half bales and foreign in 500-pound bales. 



94 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 110. — Cotton: Consumption by mills, United States, 1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Total 




1,000 
bales 
500 
634 
526 
559 
353 
425 
405 
589 
419 
408 
574 


1,000 
bales 
571 
628 
492 
546 
393 
464 
493 
499 
295 
451 
630 


1,000 
bales 
568 
614 
616 
640 
443 
461 
502 
504 
523 
553 
646 


1,000 
bales 
584 
627 
611 
541 
415 
425 
502 
475 
480 
512 
627* 


1,000 
bales 
603 
539 
533 
453 
406 
415 
440 
348 
417 
500 
693 


1,000 
bales 
603 
586 
668 
576 
450 
435 
470 
508 
551 
590 
678 


1,000 
bales 
590 
573 
595 
494 
433 
451 
441 
477 
480 
516 
664 






1,000 
bales 
630 
577 
669 
473 
465 
332 
621 
519 
471 
531 


1,000 
bales 
660 
510 
570 
405 
454 
323 
697 
363 
384 
555 


1,000 
bales 
570 
440 
547 
379 
451 
279 
601 
360 
391 
607 




1926-27 


1,000 
bales 
693 
581 
632 
508 
491 
489 
495 
545 
482 
551 
779 


1,000 
bales 
618 
525 
632 
532 
509 
367 
470 
513 
468 
577 
719 


1,000 
bales 
7,190 
6,834 
7,091 
6,106 
5,263 
4,866 
6 137 


1927-28. 


1928-29.. 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32. 


1932-33 


1933-34... 


5,700 


1934-35 


5.361 


1935-36 


6,351 


1936-37 1 













i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. Data for earlier 
years in 1928 Yearbook, table 264. 
Quantities are in running bales, round counted as half bales and foreign in 500-pound bales. 

Table 111. — Cotton: Mill consumption of American and other growths in the world, 
United States, and foreign countries, 1913-14- to 1935-36 



Year beginning 
Aug. 1— 


World 


United States 


Foreign countries 


All 
growths 


Ameri- 
can i 


Other 
growths 


All 
growths 


Ameri- 
can i 


Other 
growths 


All 
growths 


Ameri- 
can i 


Other 
growths 


1913-14 3 

1914-15 

1915-16 


1,000 
bales 2 
22, 200 

20, 671 

21, 978 
21, 109 

18, 516 
16, 705 

19, 300 
16, 905 
19, 990 

21, 325 
19, 982 

22, 642 

23, 930 
25, 869 
25, 285 
25. 782 

24, 878 
22, 402 
22, 896 

24, 986 
25, 324 

25, 283 
27, 631 


1,000 
bales 2 
13, 748 

13, 249 
13, 039 
12, 561 
10, 871 

9,909 
11,898 
10, 268 
12, 209 

12, 446 

10, 917 
13,311 

14, 010 

15, 748 
15, 576 
15, 226 

13, 021 

11, 056 

12, 528 
14, 385 

13, 780 

11, 206 

12, 538 


1,000 
bales 2 
8,452 
7,422 
8,939 
8,548 
7,645 
6,796 
7,402 
6,637 
7,781 
8,879 
9,065 
9,331 
9, 920 

10, 121 
9,709 

10, 556 

11, 857 
11,346 
10, 368 

10, 601 

11, 544 

14. 077 

15, 093 


1,000 
bales 2 
5,577 
5,597 
6,398 
6,789 
6,566 
5,766 
6,420 
4,893 
5,910 
6,666 
5,681 
6,193 
6,456 
7,190 
6,834 
7,091 
6,106 
5,263 
4,866 
6,137 
5,700 
5,361 
6,351 


1,000 
bales 3 
5,383 
5,375 
6,081 
6,470 
6,382 
5,590 
6,003 
4,677 
5,613 
6,322 
5,353 
5,917 
6,176 
6,880 
6,535 
6,778 
5,803 
5,084 
4,744 
6,004 
5,553 
5,241 
6,220 


1,000 
bales 2 
194 
222 
317 
319 
184 
176 
417 
216 
297 
344 
328 
276 
280 
310 
299 
313 
303 
179 
122 
133 
147 
120 
131 


1,000 
bales 2 
16,623 
15, 074 

15, 580 
14,320 

11, 950 
10, 939 

12. 880 
12, 012 
14, 080 
14, 659 
14, 301 

16, 449 

17, 474 

18, 679 
18, 451 
18, 691 
18, 772 
17, 139 
18. 030 

18, 849 

19, 624 
19, 922 
21, 280 


1,000 
bales 2 
8,365 
7,874 
6,958 
6,091 
4,489 
4,319 
5,895 
5,591 
6,596 
6,124 
5,564 
7,394 
7,834 
8,868 
9.041 
8,448 
7,218 
5,972 
7,784 
8.381 
8,227 
5,965 
6,318 


1,000 
bales 2 
8,258 
7,200 
8,622 


1916-17 


8,229 


1917-18 


7,461 


1918-19 


6,620 


1919-20.. 


6, 985 


1920-21 


6,421 


1921-22 .. 


7,484 


1922-23 


8,535 


1923-24 


8,737 


1924-25 


9,055 


1925-26 


9,640 


1926-27.... 


9,811 


1927-28.... 


9,410 


1928-29 


10. 243 


1929-30 


11, 554 


1930-31 


11, 167 


1931-32 .. 


10, 246 


1932-33.... 


10, 468 


1933-34 

1934-35 


11,397 
13, 957 


1935-36 


14, 962 







i "American" cotton means cotton which is grown in the United States. 

2 American in running bales and other growths in bales of 478 pounds net. Prior to 1919-20 the quantities 
given for world consumption of all growths were reported in bales of 500 pounds net and have been converted 
to equivalent 478-pound bales. 

3 Year beginning Sept. 1. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census except consump- 
tion figures for American cotton in foreign countries, which are compiled from the Cotton Yearbook of the 
New York Cotton Exchange, 1936, p. 130. 

The figures for the consumption of "other growths" in the world and in foreign countries were computed 
by deduction. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



95 



Table 112. — Cotton: Grade, staple length, and tender ability of crop and carry-over 
in the United States, average 1928-32, and annual for specified subsequent years J 





Crop 


Carry-over Aug. 1 3 


Description 


5-year 
average 
1928-32 


1933 


1934 


1935 


5-year 
average 
1928-32 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 3 


Total « 


1,000 

bales 

14, 387. 7 


1,000 

bales 

12, 664. 


1,000 
bales 
9, 472. 


1,000 

bales 

10, 420. 3 


1,000 
bales 
5, 085. 3 


1,000 

bales 

8, 164. e 


1,000 

bales 

7, 743. 7 


1,000 

bales 

7, 208. 5 


1,000 

bales 

5 409 4 








14, 367. 2 
20.5 


12,654.3 
9.7 


9, 458. 
14.0 


10, 402. 7 
17.6 


4, 932. 4 

10.9 

142.0 


8, 069. 7 

9.8 

85.1 


7, 638. 1 

7.0 

98.6 


7, 128. 9 

8.6 

71.0 


5, 329. 5 
7.0 






72 9 














Grade (American upland): 

Extra White 


454.4 


1, 647. 5 


4, 814. 4 


2, 151. 8 


56.2 


135.3 


2, 653. 3 


1, 954. 5 


1, 389. 6 




Good Middling and 
above 


127.4 
166.2 
91.6 

48.7 

20.5 


379.3 
623.6 
409.5 
189.5 

45.6 


924.4 
2, 259. 3 
1, 284. 2 

281.9 

64.6 


341.7 

1, 064. 6 

568.4 

150.7 

26.4 


19.3 
20.3 
11.1 
4.4 

1.1 


21.8 
32.1 
34.2 
32.2 

15.0 


158.0 

821.0 

1, 128. 1 

460.7 

85.5 


51.0 
519.4 
926.2 
383.0 

74.9 


44. 6 


Strict Middling 


420. 1 




640.8 


Strict Low Middling 

Low Middling and be- 


230.8 
53.3 






White 


12, 220. 9 


7, 020. 3 


3, 342. 6 


5, 931. 9 


4, 202. 1 


6, 630. C 


3, 627. 8 


4, 096. 9 


2, 903. 3 








.2 

21.1 
915.5 

4, 421. 6 

4, 313. 8 

1, 669. 4 

560.1 

238.1 

81.1 


















Strict Good Middling... 
Good Middling 


2.0 

264.7 

2, 409. 5 

2, 899. 1 

1, 143. 3 

238.0 

52.6 

11.1 


.6 

110.0 

1, 187. 2 

1, 424. 6 

468.2 

107.2 

33.4 

11.4 


40.2 

1,424.2 

2, 484. 7 

1, 232. 4 

494.6 

186.0 

69.1 


2.9 
217.0 
1, 357. 
1, 618. 1 
654.6 
202.9 
101.3 
48.3 


2.2 

202.1 

1,931.7 

2, 801. 6 

1, 210. 1 

255.0 

144.7 

82.6 


1.8 

125. 2 

1, 079. 4 

1, 438. 7 

686.5 

171.9 

72.5 

51.8 


.9 

119. 3 

1, 141. 7 

1, 770. 3 

848.1 

160.6 

40.0 

16.0 


.3 
39. 1 


Strict Middling 


629.0 




1,314.8 
628.7 
196.9 


Strict Low Middling 

Low Middling. . ... 


Strict Good Ordinary... 
Good Ordinary 


70.4 

24.1 






Spotted 


1,544.9 


3, 933. 5 


1, 264. 5 


2, 068. 4 


547.0 


1, 193. 9 


1.138.8 


941.7 


881.8 






Good Middling 


129.2 
696.2 
457.3 
195.4 
66.8 


479.4 
2, 130. 1 
1, 041. 6 

224.5 
57.9 


130.2 
664.4 
345.4 
96.3 
28.2 


57.7 
825.3 
672.1 
319.1 
194.2 


50.3 

208.7 

72.0 
32.3 


102.6 
547.3 

101.3 
56.8 


111.9 
478.1 

112.5 

57.5 


45.5 
445.3 

76.8 
19.5 


63.8 


Strict Middling 


340.8 


Middling 




Strict Low Middling 

Low Middling _. 


115.7 
73.6 






Yellow Tinged 


59.0 


21.4 


14.0 


189.0 


66.1 


45.2 


134.9 


97.6 


121.3 






Strict Good Middling... 
Good Middling 


.2 
3.8 
14.5 
16.0 
15.5 
9.0 


4."6 

6.' 2 
2.3 
1.2 


.1 

.9 

3.2 

5.5 
3.0 
1.3 


l.~7 
16.1 
47.0 
70.1 
54.1 


. 1 
2.9 
13.8 
21.3 
18.2 
9.8 


....... 

14.2 

16.0 
8.3 
4.0 


. 2 

3*6 

22.9 

27.5 
45.4 
35.3 


.3 
1.3 
17.4 
28.0 
36.3 
14.3 


.3 
1.3 


Strict Middling 


13.9 


Middling.. 


43.1 


Strict Low Middling 

Low Middling 


46.3 
16.4 


Light Yellow Stained 


4.3 


.5 


.3 


7.5 


2.2 


.5 


.5 


.6 


4.1 




.2 

.9 
3.2 


.2 
.1 
.2 






.1 
.7 
1.4 


.1 
.2 
.2 


.2 
.1 
.2 


. 1 
.2 
.3 




Strict Middling 


.2 
.1 


.4 
7.1 


.3 


Middling 


3.8 








2.4 






.8 


2.9 


.2 


2.3 


2.1 


2.0 












.1 

.3 

2.0 












. 1 
.4 
1.8 


.1 
.3 
1.7 












. 7 
2.2 


.1 
.1 


. 2 








.8 


1.8 












13.5 


2.9 


10.1 


6.8 


1.8 


4.0 


5.4 


4.0 


.9 








1.2 
7.3 
5.0 


V.S 
1. 1 


.1 
7.4 

2.6 


1.0 
3.8 
2.0 


.1 
.9 
.8 


.2 
2.1 
1.7 






Strict Middling ... 




2.7 
2.7 


2.6 
1.4 


.4 












Blue Stained 


1.0 






.1 


.4 




.5 


.1 
















.1 
.6 
.3 








.1 
.1 
.2 
















.1 




'.3 






Middling 






.1 




No grade* 


66.8 


28.2 


12.1 


46.4 


53.7 


60.6 


74.6 


31.4 


26.5 



See footnotes at end of table. 
130180—37 7 



96 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 112. — Cotton: Grade, staple length, and tender ability of crop and carry-over 
in the United States, average 1928-32, and annual for specified subsequent years 1 — 
Continued 





Crop 


Carry-over Aug. 1 2 


Description 


5-year 

average 

1928-32 


1933 


1934 


1935 


5-year 

average 

1928-32 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 3 


Grade (American-Egyptain) : 
1 and \\<2 inches 


1,000 
bales 

4.1 

10.2 

5.3 

.8 

.1 


1,000 
bales 

4.9 

4.3 

.5 


1,000 
bales 

6.1 
5.6 
1.5 

.8 


1,000 
bales 

3.4 

12.0 

1.9 

.3 


1,000 
bales 

2.6 
5.3 
2.5 
.4 


1,000 
bales 

1.8 

5.5 

2.0 

.5 


1,000 
bales 

2.9 
3.1 
.6 
.1 
.1 
.2 

233.4 
2 534 1 


1.000 
bales 

1.8 
4.9 
1.4 
.3 
.1 
.1 


1,000 
bales 

1 9 


2 and 2K' inches 


3.7 
9 




4 


5 inches . - ------ .. . 


. 1 


Below 5 inches 








.1 


















Staple length (American up- 
land): 

Shorter than % inch 

yi and 2 ?32 inch __ 


1, 736. 
5, 631. 2 
3,515.7 

1, 874. 9 
932.7 
530.1 
131.4 

15.2 

12, 120. 7 

2, 246. 5 


539.1 

4, 504. 4 

3, 992. 2 

2, 004. 3 

824.1 

640.3 

143.8 

6.1 

11,782.8 
871.5 


783.0 
3. 490. 9 
2. 065. 4 


1, 320. 1 
3. 235. 1 

2, 628. 1 


290.2 
1, 718. 


188.4 
2 503 fi 


1 

528. 8 557. 5 
2, 773.6|2, 272. 3 
1 799. 5 1 244. 


15 A& and 3 J-'32 inch .. 


1,176.312 199 .312. 112 9 


1 and 1HJ2 inches... . 


1, 415. 6 


1, 682. 2 


868.9 
409.7 
311.4 
126.6 
31.3 

4, 357. 4 
575.0 


1, 774. 6 

671.7 

562.9 

143.6 

25.6 

7, 437. 4 
632.3 


1, 477. 4 

615.6 

529.2 

111. 6 

23.9 

6, 969. 8 
668.3 


996 2 711. 1 


1M6 and 15^2 inches... ... 


880.1 

680.6 

123.1 

19.3 

8, 518. 7 
939. 3 


866.5 
554.0 
102.6 

14.1 

8, 333. 9 

2, 068. 8 


533.11 242.3 


lHand 1^2 inches 


356.4 208.8 
111.9 70 7 


\\i inches and longer 

Tenderability « (American up- 
land): 

Total tenderable 

Total untenderable 


29. 4 22. 8 

6,371.0;4,406. 1 
757. 9l 923. 4 








Staple length (American-Egyp- 
tian) : 
Shorter than 1J-2 inches . 


.5 
5.3 
11.4 
3.2 

. 1 


.1 
3.2 
5.4 
1.0 






.1 
1.5 
8.1 
1.2 


. 7 
2.9 
5.1 
1.1 


.3 
1.9 
3.8 
1.0 


. 9 

1.9 
6.5 


.1 




4.6 
7.3 
2.1 


4.9 
12.0 

.7 


3. 1 


1-K6 and V-%2 inches 


3.4 
.4 
















| 







1 Crop figures based on census reports on ginnings and on the classification of samples procured from 
ginners during the season; carry-over figures based on Census reports on carry-over stocks and on the classifi- 
cation of samples representing cotton on hand. Quantities of American upland and American-Egyptian 
cotton are given in running bales, except that round bales are counted as half bales; quantities of foreign 
cotton are given in equivalent 500-pound bales. 

2 For carry-over of foreign cotton by staple lengths, see table 113. 
9 Preliminary. 

* According to the Bureau of the Census. 

5 Includes bales not otherwise classified above. 

6 In accordance with see. 5, United States Cotton Futures Act. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



97 



Table 113. — Cotton: Staple length of foreign growths in the carry-over, Aug. 1, 

1928-86 « 



Description and length (inches) 


5-year 
average, 
1928-32 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 » 


Egyptian: 

All lenaths 2 


1,000 bales 
94.4 


1,000 bales 
54.8 


1,000 bales 
61.8 


1,000 bales 
48.0 


1,000 bales 
41.8 






Shorter than 1H-- 


2.2 
35.2 

4.3 

5.9 
33.6 
11.8 

1.3 
.1 


7.9 

12.5 

2.0 

2.4 

22.7 

6.6 

.6 

.1 


1.9 

16.4 

.9 

2.0 
36.7 

3.9 


.1 
14.2 
.8 
4.4 
25.3 
3.0 

■ 2 


9 


1H and 19^2 


9.1 


1M6 and 1^2., 


1.0 


Hi to m$2 


9.0 


\H to l l5 A2 


19.5 


1M tO 1 19 ^2 


3.0 


1 5 4 to 1 2 H2 




1H and longer 












Peruvian: 

All lengths 2 .. 


4.6 


1.6 


.9 


.9 


.7 






Shorter than H . 










7 A and 29 A2 






1 




1 Me and 3 ^2 *. . . _ _ .... 






1 




1 and H$2 - 












\Y\& and 1?42 .. 


.2 

.4 

.6 

3.4 


.1 
.3 

.4 
.8 


.1 




.4 


Hi and 1 5 42 


.7 
.2 


.2 


1Mb and 1%2 


.7 
.1 


. 1 












Chinese: 

All lengths 2 


21.9 


21.4 


19.9 


9.9 


10.3 






Shorter than J&. ... ._ 


20.9 
.1 
.9 


21.4 


19.9 


9.9 


10.3 


H and s %2 




J ?l6 and 3 }^2 










1 and IH2 










VA 6 and 1 3 A2 . 
























l?l6andl^2-. „ -. 












V/\ and longer. . ... .. . . .. 
























British Indian: 
All lengths 2 . 


19.6 


5.3 


12.1 


10.8 


19.8 








19.3 
.1 
.2 


5.3 


12.1 


10.8 


19.8 


7 /i and 2 %2 




1 H6and 3 ^2.. . .. .•...- .. ... . 










1 and H$2-._ - 










1Mb and 15k'.. .. .... 













1H and 1542 












1M6 and 1^2-- 


































Other foreign: 

All lengths 2 . 


1.5 


2.0 


3.9 


1.4 


. 








.1 




.6 


.6 




J4and 2 %2 






iMeand 3 ^-- 








1 and H42 


.1 


... 
.1 


.2 


... 


.1 


lHandlH2.. 




.1 












1.3 


1.8 


3.1 


.5 


.2 







1 Based on Census reports on carry-over stocks and on the classification of samples representing cotton 
on hand. Quantities are given in equivalent 500-pound bales. 

2 According to the Bureau of the Census. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



98 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 114. — Cotton: Average price per pound received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 

15 


Jan. 

15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


Mav 
15 


June 
15 


July 
15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 . 


Cents 
16.1 
17.1 
18.8 
18.0 
11.4 
6.3 
6.5 
8.8 
13.1 
11.5 
12.2 


Cents 

16.8 

22.5 

17.6 

18.2 

9.9 

5.9 

7.2 

8.8 

13.1 

10.6 

12.5 


Cents 

11.7 

21.0 

18.1 

17.5 

9.2 

5.3 

6.4 

9.0 

12.5 

10.9 

12.2 


Cents 
11.0 
20.0 
17.8 
16.2 
9.6 
6.1 
5.9 
9.6 
12.3 
11.5 
12.0 


Cents 
10.0 
18.7 
18.0 
16.0 
8.7 
5.5 
5.4 
9.6 
12.4 
11.4 
12.3 


Cents 
10.6 
18.6 
17.9 
15.8 
8.6 
5.6 
5.6 
10.3 
12.3 
11.1 


Cents 
11.5 
17.0 
18.0 
14.8 
9.1 
5.8 
5.5 
11.7 
12.2 
11.0 


Cents 
12.5 
17.8 
18.8 
13.8 
9.6 
6.2 
6.1 
11.7 
11.5 
10.9 


Cents 
12.3 
18.7 
18.5 
14.7 
9.3 
5.7 
6.1 
11.6 
11.7 
11.2 


Cents 

13.9 

20.1 

18.0 

14.5 

8.8 

5.2 

8.2 

11.0 

12.0 

11.2 


Cents 
14.8 
19.7 
17.9 
14.0 
7.7 
4.6 
8.7 
11.6 
11.8 
11.4 


Cents 
15.5 
21.0 
17.8 
11.9 
8.5 
5.1 
10.6 
12.3 
11.9 
12.6 


Cents 
12.5 


1927-28... 


20.2 


1928-29 


18.0 


1929-30 


16.8 


1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33... 


9.5 

5.7 
6.5 


1933-34 

1934-35 


10.2 
12.4 


1935-36 

1936-37.. 


11.1 
i 12.3 





















1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained 
by weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 534. 



Table 115. — Cotton, Middling, 7 /&-inch: Average spot price per pound at 10 desig- 
nated markets, 1915-16 to 1935-36 



Year beginning 
August— 


Nor- 
folk 


Au- 
gusta 


Sa- 
van- 
nah 

Cents 
11.72 
2 19. 54 
29.29 
30.02 
38.22 
17.20 
18.12 
25.87 
30.00 
24.27 
19.61 
14.46 
20.06 
18.92 
15.98 
9.81 
6.09 
7.25 
10.91 
12.48 
11.67 


Mont- 
gom- 
ery 


New 
Or- 
leans 


Mem- 
phis 


Little 
Rock 


Dallas 


Hous- 
ton 


Gal- 
ves- 
ton 


Average 

of 10 
markets ' 


1915-16 


Cents 
11.62 
18.85 
28.82 
28.74 
37.32 
16.92 
18.00 
25.87 
30.15 
24.38 
19.78 
14.56 
20.17 
19.07 
16.34 
10.11 
6.23 
7.38 
10.99 
12.42 
11.76 


Cents 
11.56 
19.07 
29.01 
29.21 
37.93 
16.62 
17.97 
25.92 
30.06 
24.24 
19.53 
14.37 
20.09 
18.95 
15.97 
9.73 
6.08 
7.37 
10.99 
12.62 
11. 82 


Cents 
11.37 
18.86 
29.15 
29.28 
37.52 
16.37 
17.48 
25.49 
29.82 
23.71 
18.98 
13.85 
19.46 
18.42 
15.41 
9.28 
5.69 
6.98 
10.64 
12.35 
11.40 


Cents 
11.68 
18.84 
28.96 
29.87 
38.21 
16.55 
17.92 
25.94 
30.33 
24.21 
19.71 
14.74 
19.98 
18.98 
16.16 
10.08 
6.20 
7.26 
10.92 
12.44 
11.65 


Cents 
11.83 
19.08 
29.49 
30.11 
38.70 
17.20 
18.38 
26.21 
30.42 
24.19 
19.77 
14.31 
19.44 
18.31 
15.43 
9.22 
5.59 
7.04 
10.66 
12.24 
11.50 


Cents 
11.84 
18.89 
29.05 
29.75 
38.38 
16.69 
18.12 
25.78 
30.22 
24.27 
19.70 
14.29 
19.31 
18.29 
15.33 
9.10 
5.48 
6.96 
10.60 
12.17 
11.41 


Cents 
11.51 
18.43 
28.47 
29.64 
38.95 
15.79 
17.84 
25.31 
29.66 
23.91 
19.64 
13.91 
19.04 
18.19 
15.32 
9.19 
5.57 
6.84 
10.56 
12.04 
11.20 


Cents 
12.00 
18.92 
28.85 
30.26 
38.78 
16.33 
18.46 
25.94 
30.28 
24.50 
20.00 
14.73 
19.76 
18.74 
15.89 
9.74 
5.93 
7.18 
10. 90 
12.42 
11.55 


Cents 
12.06 
19.06 
29.06 
30.78 
39.41 
16.89 
18.64 
26.03 
30.48 
24.57 
20.12 
14.79 
19.84 
18.82 
16.00 
9.82 
6.03 
7.18 
10.90 
12.41 
11.53 


Cents 
11.72 


1916-17 

1917-18 


3 18. 96 
29.02 


1918-19 


29.76 


1919-20 


38.34 


1920-21 


16.66 


1921-22 


18.09 


1922-23 


25.83 


1923-24 


30.14 


1924-25 


24.22 


1925-26 


19.68 


1926-27 


14.40 


1927-28 


19.72 


1928-29. .. 


18.67 


1929-30 

1930-31 


15.79 
9.61 


1931-32 _ 


5.89 


1932-33 


7.15 


1933-34... 


10.81 


1934-35 

1935-36. .. . 


12.36 
11.55 







1 Averages of monthly averages of 10 markets. 

2 11 months. Comparable data not available for February. 

3 Excludes Savannah for February. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from the daily reports to the Bureau from the cotton ex- 
changes of the various markets. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



99 



Table 116. — Cotton, Middling, 7 /&-inch: Average spot price per pound at New Orleans 
and 10 market* combined, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and year 



Aug. Sept 



Oct. 



Nov. 



Dec. 



Jan. 



Feb. 



Mar. Apr 



May June July 



Aver- 



New Orleans: 
1926-27— 
1927-28— 
1928-29... 
1929-30... 
1930-31... 
1931-32... 
1932-33... 
1933-34... 
1934-35... 
1935-36... 
1936-37— 
markets 
bined: 
1926-27... 
1927-28— 
1928-29... 
1929-30... 
1930-31... 
1931-32... 
1932-33... 
1933-34— 
1934-35... 
1935-36. .. 
1936-37... 



10 



Cents 
18.01 
19.36 
19. 00 
18.57 
11.56 
7.02 
7.29 
9.48 
13.28 
11.36 
12.12 



17.65 
19.16 
18.72 
18.04 
11.14 
6.57 
7.08 
9.24 
13.12 
11.37 
12.07 



Cents 
16.14 
21.53 
17.94 
18. 4f 
10.58 
6.20 
7.58 
9.38 
13.01 
10.68 
12.28 



15.96 

21.19 

17.72 

18.01 

10.15 

5.83 

7.40 

9.19 

12.85 

10.48 

12.05 



Cents 

12.68 

20. 73 

18. 7f 

18.08 

10. 4C 

6.06 

6.51 

9.29 

12.58 

11.16 

12.26 



12.40 
20.35 
18.46 
17.62 
9.82 
5.75 
6.37 
9.16 
12.40 
10.96 
12.07 



Cents 
12.52 
19.99 
19.00 
17.19 
10.63 
6.32 
6.12 
9.74 
12.59 
12.00 
12.21 



12.17 
19.74 
18.70 
16.75 
10.09 
5.95 
6.03 
9.65 
12.46 
11.77 
12.06 



Cents 
12.22 
19.26 
19.36 
17.04 
9.65 
6.10 
5.84 
9.94 
12.78 
11.82 
12.67 



11.81 
18.99 
19.07 
16.64 
9.16 
5.78 
5.72 
9.87 
12.60 
11.70 
12. 



Cents 
13.17 
18.72 
19.14 
16.84 
9.87 
6.50 
6.12 
10.95 
12.70 
11.71 
13.03 



12.72 
18.44 
18.88 
16.56 
9.37 
6.15 
6.01 
10.91 
12.55 
11.62 
12.84 



Cents 
13.82 
17.90 
19.07 
15.25 
10.63 
6.69 
5.92 
12.07 
12. 58 
11.38 
13.06 



13.45 
17.60 
18.86 
15.11 
10.12 
6.40 
5.85 
12.02 
12.47 
11.32 
12.90 



Cents 
14.10 
18.94 
19.97 
14.87 
10.59 
6.74 
6.32 
12.16 
11.57 
11.46 
14.19 



13.74 
18.76 
19.78 
14.74 
10.15 
6.44 
6.19 
12.09 
11.57 
11.38 
14.15 



Cents 
14.42 
20.07 
19.23 
15.79 
9.95 
6.12 
6.88 
11.81 
11.81 
11.60 



Cents 

15.68 

20.77 

18.74 

15.60 

9.08 

5.70 

8.58 

11.39 

12.31 

11.62 



Cents 
16.47 
21.10 
18.81 
13.56 
8.86 
5.18 
9.33 
12.13 
11.96 
12.12 



Cents 
17.63 
21. 45 
18.73 
12.65 
9.10 
5.73 
10.68 
12.75 
12.15 
12.92 



Cents 
14.74 
19.98 
18.98 
16.16 
10.08 
6.20 
7.26 
10.92 
12.44 
11.65 



14.08 
19.76 
18.95 
15.40 
9.50 
5.83 
6.84 
11.66 
11.80 
11.57 



15.38 
20.54 
18.23 
15.12 
8.70 
5.41 
8.49 
11.28 
12.33 
11.56 



16.10 
20.82 
18.36 
13.21 

8.42 

4. 

9.28 
12.04 
11. 
11 



17.34 
21.25 
18.29 
12.21 
8.66 
5.54 
10.52 
12. 

12.22 
12.90 



14.40 
19.72 
18.67 
15.79 
9.61 
5.89 
7.15 
10.81 
12.36 
11.55 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily reports to the Bureau from the cotton exchanges 
of the various markets. Data for earlier years appear in previous issues of the Yearbook. 

Table 117. — Cotton: Average discounts and premiums for staples shorter and longer 
than Ys-inch for Middling spot cotton, 1926-27 to 1935-36 



Year beginning 
August— 


Discount 
for 13 A& 
inch ' 


%-inch, 

average 

price 

per 

pound 2 


Premiums for 3 — 


15 /i6 inch 


1 inch 


lMe 

inches 


1H 

inches 


inches 


M 

inches 


1926-27.. 


Points - : 
100 
94 
67 
108 
95 
36 
21 
23 
36 
39 


Cents 
14.40 
19.72 
18.67 
15.79 
9.61 
5.89 
7.15 
10.81 
12.36 
11.55 


Points 4 
66 
37 
33 
45 
41 
21 
14 
19 
34 
37 


Points 4 
106 
93 
96 
118 
91 
51 
39 
53 
78 
77 


Points 4 
159 
166 
177 
182 
154 
93 
75 
110 
120 
122 


Points 4 
266 
275 
237 
232 
192 
154 
106 
161 
158 
171 


Points 4 

480 

409 

332 

347 

317 

244 

« 201 

5 270 

«236 

« 251 


Points 4 
860 


1927-28 


631 


1928-29 


587 


1929-30 


630 


1930-31 


670 


1931-32 


»425 


1932-33.. 


6 425 


1933-34 


«453 


1934-35 


*479 


1935-36 


J460 



1 Average of New Orleans, Houston, and Galveston, calculated from actual sales and partly estimated. 

2 Average for the 10 designated spot markets. 

3 Average of New Orleans and Memphis for 1H6 inches and longer and for 15 Ae inch and 1 inch for 1926=27. 
Average of the 6 designated markets (New Orleans, Memphis, Houston, Galveston, Dallas, and Little 
Rock) for »Me inch and 1 inch from 1927-28 to 1935-36, inclusive. 

4 Hundredths of a cent a pound. 
' Memphis only. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 118. — Cotton: Average premiums and discounts for gr 
Middling for the 10 designated spot markets, 1926 



1 above and below 
to 1935-36 





Premiums for— 


Mid- 
dling, 1 
aver- 
age 
price 
per 
pound 


Discounts for— 


Year beginning 
August — 


Mid- 
dling 
Fair 


Strict 
Good 
Mid- 
dling 


Good 
Mid- 
dling 


Strict 
Mid- 
dling 


Strict 
Low 
Mid- 
dling 


Low 

Mid- 
dling 


Strict 
Good 
Ordi- 
nary } 


Good 
Ordi- 
nary - 


1926-27 


Points 3 
129 
100 
81 
92 
88 
70 
62 
71 
71 
74 


Points 3 
106 
76 
60 
76 
70 
56 
50 
56 
58 
63 


Points 3 
82 
51 
42 
61 
52 
41 
39 
44 
47 
53 


Points 3 
58 
33 
28 
41 
31 
24 
25 
30 
32 
37 


Cents 
14.40 
19.72 
18.67 
15.79 
9.61 
5.89 
7.15 
10.81 
12.36 
11.55 


Points 3 
104 
51 
73 
74 
59 
29 
27 
35 
38 
47 


Points 3 

238 

114 

153 

170 

138 

64 

55 

75 

81 

101 


Points 3 
381 
197 
236 
278 
226 
101 
89 
123 
131 
157 


Points* 
501 


1927-28 


284 


1928-29 


322 


1929-30 


376 


1930-31 


305 


1931-32 


138 


1932-33 


123 


1933-34 


165 


1934-35 ... 


177 


1935-36 


206 



i White standards and Ji-inch staple. 

2 These grades untenderable according to sec. 5 of the United States Cotton Futures Act. 

s Hundredths of a cent a pound. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Data for earlier years in 1934 Yearbook, table 126. 



100 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 119. — Cotton: Average spot price per pound at Liverpool, by kind and by 
months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Description and 
year 



American Middling: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Indian Oomra, No. 
1, Fine: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Egyptian Sakellaridis, 
Fully Good Fair: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Egyptian Uppers, 
Fully Good Fair: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32... 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Brazilian, Sao Paulo, 
Fair: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33. 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Peruvian Tanguis, 
Good: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



Aug. 



Cents 
19.69 
21.09 
21.39 
21.01 
14.09 
7.91 
8.11 
10.96 
15.13 
13.36 
14. 32 



16.06 
18.29 
16.57 
15.73 
8.23 
6.45 
7.27 
8.78 
10. SI 
10.52 
10.62 



32.04 
39.13 
37.61 
34.07 
23.22 
12.15 
11.47 
14.75 
18.44 
16.69 
22.43 



24.78 
30.52 
25.91 
22.89 
17.92 
9.51 
10.08 
13.32 
15.79 
15.03 
16.94 



17.66 
20.0 
20.9 
19.69 
12.53 
7.83 
8.24 
11.11 
14.60 
13.13 
13.42 



24.76 
24.07 
24.51 
24.51 
16.02 
10 

9.98 
13.47 
17.64 
14.58 
16.77 



Sept. 



Cents 
19.34 
24.17 
20.87 
20.93 
12.63 
7.70 
8.87 
10.67 
14.69 
12.94 
14.37 



15.98 

20.70 

15.65 

15.71 

8.15 

6.19 

7.87 

8.55 

10.34 

10.03 

10.83 



36.32 
40.57 
36.54 
34.90 
20.89 
11.82 
12.60 
14.29 
17.54 
17.05 
21.74 



27.09 
31.90 
24.11 
23.54 
17.09 
9.55 
10. 95 
12.61 
15.15 
14.81 
15.80 



17.26 
22.83 
20.16 
19.49 
11.80 
7.57 
8.94 
10.98 
14.25 
12.74 
13.74 



23.20 
26.83 
23.72 
24.25 
14.66 
9.6' 
10.85 
13.33 
17.10 
14.18 
16.81 



Oct. 



Nov. 



Cents 
14.52 
23.36 
21.86 
20.52 
11.88 
7.65 
7.91 
10.66 
14.27 
13.27 
14.14 



13.08 
19.79 
16.26 
15.3 
8.1 
6.50 
6.95 
8.44 
9.74 
11.04 
10.65 



31.21 
38.51 
36.74 
32.16 
19.61 
11.60 
11.31 
13.85 
16.82 
18.08 
22.29 



22.55 
30.60 
25.18 
22.45 
14.28 
8.93 
10.05 
12. 10 
14.72 
14.52 
15.31 



13.10 
21.94 
21.13 
19.14 
11.66 
7.44 
7.98 
10.91 
13.75 
13.2 
13.63 



18.68 
25.95 
24.78 
23.91 
14.07 
9.61 
9.98 
13.17 
16.41 
15.23 
16.92 



Cents 
14.07 
22.73 
21.62 
19.61 
12.13 
7.70 
7.52 
11.24 
14.28 
13.56 
13.81 



12.69 
18.70 
16.53 
14.50 
8.68 
6.91 
6.73 
8.75 
9.98 
11.70 
10.31 



30.23 
37.80 
37.35 
30.27 
19.51 
11.50 
10.58 
15.19 
18.25 
20.03 
23.34 



21.25 
30.09 
24.84 
21.60 
13.71 
8.97 
9.76 
12.55 
15.36 
15.33 
15.07 



12.65 
21.19 
?1. 15 
18.39 
11.86 
7.56 
7.59 
11.46 
13.74 
13 
13.42 



18.25 
25.04 
24.90 
22.65 
14.19 
10.12 
9.44 
13.93 
16.38 
15.94 
17.05 



Dec. 



Cents 
13.46 
21.98 
21.57 
19.22 
10.99 
7.38 
7.09 
11.19 
14.65 
13.33 
14.21 



12.17 
18.13 
16.99 
14.32 
7.73 
6.75 
6.33 
8.53 
10.59 
11.67 
10.53 



19.06 
28.45 
24.84 
21.23 
12.49 
8.20 
9.18 
12.60 
16.01 
15.85 
15.58 



12.02 
20.9' 
21.09 
18.31 
11.03 
7.20 
7.16 
11.34 
14.0 
13.62 
13.74 



17.19 
24.31 
25.12 
22.16 
13.20 
9.52 
8.95 
13.77 
16.65 
15. 90 
17.73 



Jan. 



Cents 
14.56 
21.68 
21.39 
19.00 
11.19 
7.78 
7.37 
12.43 
14.60 
12.80 
14.72 



12.98 
17.88 
16.75 
13.87 
7.91 
7.55 
6.61 
9.38 
11.07 
11.00 
10.92 



27.96 
35.61 
38.83 
29.26 
17.01 
10.38 
10.36 
17.74 
IS. 39 
19.83 
20.98 



20.76 
28.06 
24.94 
21.29 
12.98 
8.81 
9.57 
13.91 
16.29 
15.18 
16.44 



13.10 
20.66 
20.84 
18.33 
11.27 
7.76 
7.44 
12.41 
14.19 
13.11 
14.21 



18.17 
24.01 
24.90 
21.70 
13.38 
9.98 
9.24 
15.06 
16.59 
15.47 
18.63 



Feb. Mar. 



Cents 
15. 55 
20.54 
21.09 
17.36 
12.06 
8.25 
7.10 
13.86 
14.36 
12.75 
14.89 



13.79 
16.99 
16.42 
12.09 
8.84 
7.81 
6.33 
10.09 
11.17 
10.54 
10.79 



27.82 
35.38 
36.52 
27.62 
19.47 
10.93 
10.15 
19.19 
17.95 
19.17 
20.39 



21.41 
26.44 
24.43 
20.66 
14.46 
9.53 
9.30 
15. 

15.60 
14.94 
16.68 



13.8 
19.5 
20.52 
16.65 
12.1 
8.27 
7.1! 
13.6, 
14. 09 
12, 
14.36 



18.94 
22.91 
24.62 
19.89 
14.44 
10.35 
8.94 
16.40 
16.31 
15.42 
19.45 



Cents 
15.65 
21.80 
22.32 
16.83 
12.09 
8.31 
7.29 
13.86 
13.31 
13.05 
16.02 



13.87 
17.97 
17.50 
11.36 
8.84 
7.61 
6.32 
9.87 
10.61 
10.52 
11.54 



27.46 
39.91 
38.69 
28.02 
19.59 
11.25 
10.18 
18.81 
16.92 
19.20 
23.94 



21.82 
28.77 
26. 12 
20.52 
14.42 
9.83 
9. 18 
15.05 
14.89 
15.28 
19.05 



14.32 
20. 95 
21.51 
16.00 
12.15 
8.34 
7.42 
13.22 
13.13 
13.15 
15.53 



IS. 90 
24.74 
26.22 
19.34 
14.52 
10.52 
9.20 
16.41 
15.20 
15.64 
20. 48 



Apr. 



Cents 
16. 14 
22.75 
21.57 
17.72 
11.42 
7.59 
8.01 
13.31 
13.30 
13.53 



14.32 
18.37 
16.14 
11.66 
8.33 
6.92 
6.44 
9.38 
10.90 
10.36 



28.06 
42.97 
37. 55 
28.79 
17.74 
10.30 
11.04 
18.04 
16.83 
18.87 



22.10 
30.98 
25.08 
21.13 
13.38 
9.00 
9.81 
14.22 
15.64 
15.24 



14.98 
22.10 
20.78 
16.46 
11.31 
7.62 
8.08 
12.58 
13.10 
13.59 



19.22 
25.79 
25.63 
19.95 
13.71 
9.89 
10. 0: 
15.93 
15.11 
16.06 



May 



Cents 
17. 9C 
23.52 
20.62 
17.46 
10.56 
6.92 
9.88 
13.04 
14.05 
13.54 



15. 92 
18.88 
15.33 
11.36 
7.73 
6.28 
7.96 
9.49 
11.38 
10.04 



33.15 
43.49 
35 
28.37 
16.59 
9.33 
13.24 
17. 

17.01 
18. 



25.63 
31.33 
23.38 
20.80 
12.55 
8.21 
11.96 
14.08 
15.9' 
15.32 



16. 
23.08 
19.91 
16.02 
10.48 
7.00 
9.98 
12.40 
13.69 
13.50 



20. 89 
26.64 
24.68 
19.65 
12.82 
9.19 
12. 11 
15.70 
15.58 

16. o: 



June 



Cents 
18.49 
23.70 
20.89 
16.16 
10.00 
6.43 
10.77 
13.86 
14.00 
14.47 



16.65 
19.08 
15.69 
10.18 
7.62 
5.77 
8.70 
10.37 
11.17 
10.64 



34.41 
43.03 
33.44 
25.79 
15.63 
8.93 
14.35 
17.69 
16.57 
18.72 



27.19 
30.15 
22.97 
19.45 
11.92 
7.90 
12.73 
14.53 
15.09 
16.56 



17.40 
23.36 
19.81 
14.74 
9.90 
6.44 
10.86 
13.23 
13.71 
14.16 



21. 55 
26.91 
24.74 
18.29 
12.13 
8.34 
13.10 
16.49 
15.42 
16.86 



July 



Cents 
19. 43 
24.43 
21.09 
15.47 
10.26 
6.92 
12.32 
14.60 
14.29 
15.34 



17.46 
19.14 
15.73 
9.21 
8.05 
6.32 
9.98 
10.61 



Aver- 
age 



Cents 
16.57 
22.65 
21.36 
18.44 
11.61 
7.54 
8.52 
12.47 
14.24 
13.50 



14.58 
18.66 
16.30 
12.95 
8.19 
6.76 
7.29 
9.35 



11.63 10.78 
11.32| 10.78 



37.92! 31.20 



40.64 
33.78 
25.10 
15. 57 
10.04 
16.31 
17.79 
16.59 
21.95 



29.20 
23.03 
19.47 
12.25 
8.74 
14.71 
15.16 
15.33 
17.87 



39.38 
36.83 
29.44 
18.42 
10.69 
11.77 
16.73 
17.49 
18.99 



23.55 
29.71 
24.57 
21.25 
13.95 
8.93 
10.61 
13.77 
15.49 
15.49 



18.47 15.13 



23. 93 
19. 75 
13.97 
10.16 
7.00 
12. 42 
14.07 
14.05 
14.42 



22. 63 
27.4b 
24.70 
17.52 
12.23 
8.76 
14.94 
17.12 
15.58 
17.49 



21. 
20.64 
17.27 
11.36 
7.50 
8.61 
12.28 
13.86 
13.45 



20.20 
25.39 
24.88 
21.15 
13.78 
9.67 
10.56 
15.06 
16.16 
15.74 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in pence per pound from market reports of the Liverpool 
Cotton Association. ...-'. •, » -n • 

Averages of Friday quotations unless Friday was a holiday, when preceding business day is used. Price 
series converted to cents per pound at current monthly rates of exchange as reported by the Federal Reserve 
Board. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



101 



Table 120. 



Cotton: Average spot price of American Middling and Indian Acola, 1 
Osaka, Japan, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Description and 
year 



Aug. 



Sept. 



Oct. 



Nov. 



Dec. 



Jan. 



Feb. 



Mar. 



Apr. 



May 



June 



July 



Aver- 
age 



American, Mid- 
dling, Ji-inch: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 ... 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35... 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Indian Acola, 1 $i 
to ?4-inch: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



Cents 
20.03 
21.47 
21.54 
21.28 
13.36 
8.27 
8.55 
10.93 
15.13 
13.30 
14.17 



17.40 
18.84 
16.13 
14.63 
9.41 
7.71 
8.16 
9.63 
10.88 
10.78 
10.93 



Cents 
20.15 
24.04 
20.71 
21.38 
12.37 
7.66 
8.87 
10.74 
14.78 
12.58 
14.10 



17.00 

20.46 

15.52 

14.97 

9.47 

2 7.49 

7.98 

9.50 

10.12 

10.19 

11.05 



Cents 
15.94 
23.31 
21.71 
20.84 
11.84 
7.43 
7.90 
10.63 
14.32 
13.05 
13. 94 



13.84 
18.91 
16.56 
14.37 
9.09 



6.86 
9.65 
9.40 
11. 18 
10.69 



Cents 
15.19 
22.56 
21.48 
19.87 
12.26 
8.21 
7.72 
11.30 
14.42 
13.68 
13.83 



13. 12 
17.89 
16.25 
13.54 
9.00 
7.89 
6.72 
10.03 
9.88 
11.51 
10.61 



Cents 
14.81 
21.98 
21.51 
19.55 
11.36 
8.50 
7.35 
11.38 
14.61 
13.53 
14.61 



12.72 
17.45 
16.01 
13.55 
8.19 
8.23 
6.42 
9.90 
11.03 
10.89 
10.91 



Cents 
15.50 
21.19 
21.39 
19.20 
11.43 
8.51 
7.52 
12.24 
14.52 
13.11 
15.39 



13.15 
17.29 
16.17 
13.41 
8.37 
8.56 
6.59 
10.40 
12.14 
10.54 
11.60 



Cents 
16.14 
19.98 
21.23 
17.44 
12.36 
8.82 
7.11 
13.60 
14.14 
12.88 
15.64 



14.44 
16.62 
15.93 
12.12 
9.51 
8.67 
6.33 
10.52 
11.94 
9.94 
11.54 



Cents 
16.39 
21.27 
21.86 
16.89 
12.25 
8.55 
7.37 
13.77 
13.17 
13.04 



Cents 
15.80 
22.65 
21.45 
17.76 
11.80 
7.51 
7.85 
13.42 
13.48 
13.46 



Cents 
17.81 
23.57 
20.98 
17.28 
10.75 
7.09 
9.65 
12.88 
13.89 
! 13. 56 



Cents 
19.18 
23.79 
21.19 
15.28 
10.45 
6.40 
10.81 
13.73 
13.47 
2 13. 99 



Cents 
19.92 
24.48 
21.57 
14.06 
10.76 
7.02 
12.12 
14.44 
13.80 
14.71 



Cents 
17.24 
22.52 
21.38 
18.40 
11.75 
7.83 
8.57 
12.42 
14.14 
13.41 



15.25 
17.63 
16.30 
11.77 
9.77 
8.17 
6.42 
10.13 
10.77 
9.94 



16.85 

18.73 

14.66 

10.21 

8.88 

5.83 

*9. 1' 

10.3 

11.25 

211.11 



17.43 
18.44 
14. 
8. 

9.23 
6.43 
10. 53 
10.51 
11.48 
11.43 



15.13 
18.17 
15.68 
12.60 

9.08 
3 7.52 

7.49 
10.00 
10.94 
10.67 



1 An average of Hinganghat, Yeotmal, and Akora, referred to as Acola or as the Acola group. This group 
includes all quoted imported Indian cotton between Broach and Bengal in quality and represents a large 
part of the Indian cotton consumed in Japan. 

2 Average of two 10-day periods. 

3 Average of 11 months. 

4 One 10-day period. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in yen per picul of 132.28 pounds from The Ten-Days' 
Return of Cotton, Cotton Yarn, Osaka, a publication issued 3 times a month. Data through December 
1927 compiled from this publication by Fred Taylor, principal marketing specialist, while in Kobe, Japan. 
Prices are averages of the high and low quotations for each 10-day period. 

Price series converted to cents per pound at current monthly rates of exchange as reported by the Federal 
Reserve Board. 

Table 121. — Cotton: Average spot price per pound in specified foreign producing 
countries, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Description, 

market, and 

year 



Indian Oomra, No. 
1, Fine, at Bom- 
bay: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33.. _. 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37.— 

Chinese Tung- 
chow, Kiangsu, 
at Shanghai: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35... 

1935-36 

1936-37 



Aug. 



Cents 
15.86 
17. 23 
15.07 
13.99 
8.41 
6.46 
6.87 
7.81 
9.71 
9.51 
9.82 



17.30 
17.16 
18.76 
15.67 
10.45 
8.28 
7.36 
9.30 
12.13 
12.19 
12.74 



Sept. 



Cents 
13.90 
18.82 
14.09 
14.06 
8.08 
5.80 
7.32 
7.95 
8.96 
9.25 



16.35 
19.43 
16.56 
15.40 
10.29 
8.27 
7.83 
9.25 
10.42 
11.28 
11.32 



Oct. 



Cents 

11.57 

17.37 

15.11 

13.70 

7.72 

5.45 

16.42 

7.42 

8.58 

9.73 

9.48 



14.82 
18.20 
17.18 
14.78 
10.25 
8.48 
7.43 
8.82 
10.94 
10. 
11.37 



Nov. 



Cents 

11.30 

16.88 

14.69 

12.76 

7.62 

5.89 

6.07 

7.78 

9.08 

10.23 

9.56 



14.78 
17.08 
16.52 
14.31 
10.11 
9.08 
7.02 
10.00 
10. 
9. 
11.49 



Dec. 



Cents 

10.94 

16.31 

15.07 

12.38 

6.87 

6.79 

5.72 

7.74 

10.39 

10.01 

9.75 



14.38 
16.31 
15.84 
14. 05 
9.02 



9.49 
12.13 
10.34 
11.73 



Jan. 



Cents 
11.43 
15.88 
14.83 
11.72 
6.97 
7.41 
5.93 
7.85 
11.10 
9.32 



13.64 
17.07 
16.53 
13.57 
8.48 
8.23 
6.81 
10.40 
11.96 
10.2.' 
11.77 



Feb. 



Cents 

12.45 

15.32 

14.61 

10.25 

8.07 

7.27 

5.47 

8.88 

10.70 

8.71 

9.86 



13.93 
16.97 
16.60 
13.41 
8.98 

Tea 

10.61 
12.02 
10.63 



Mar. 



Cents 

13. 47 

15.84 

15.03 

9.90 

8.47 

7.21 

5.49 

8.61 

9.56 

8.71 



14.36 
17.98 
17.38 
12.76 
10.92 
8.44 
6.79 
10.79 
11.37 
11.91 



Apr. 



Cents 
12.91 
16.00 
14.31 
10.27 
7.97 
6.32 
5.83 
8 

9.62 
9.00 



15.00 
19.29 
17.70 
12.84 
10.13 
8.37 
6.71 
10.17 
12, 
11.93 



May 



Cents 

14.33 

16.90 

13.25 

9.66 

7.38 

5.47 

7.20 

8.56 

10.20 



15.29 

20.83 

16.81 

12.29 

9.38 

8.07 

8.00 

9.96 

13.00 

11.45 



June 



Cents 

15.19 

17.02 

13.24 

8.63 

7.30 

5.06 

7.85 

9.19 

9.96 

9.95 



16. 49 
19.87 
15.75 
10.08 
8.82 
6.93 
9.39 
10.87 
12.24 
11.60 



July 



Cents 

15.80 

17.43 

12.85 

7.50 

7.76 

5.51 

9.09 

9.47 

10.34 

10.25 



17.25 
20.08 
15.88 
10.13 
9.43 
6.50 
10.64 
11.51 
11.49 
13.25 



Aver- 
age 



Cents 
13.26 
16.75 
14. 35 
11.24 
7.72 
6.22 
6.60 
8.32 
9.85 
9.48 



15. 30 
18. 36 
16.79 
13.27 

9.69 
2 8.09 

7.61 
10.10 
11.73 
11.30 



See footnotes at end of table. 



102 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 121. 



-Cotton: Average spot price per pound in specified foreign producing 
countries, by months, 1926-27 to 1986-37 — Continued 



Description, 

market, and 

year 



Egyptian Sakella- 
ridis, Fully Good, 
Fair, at Alexan- 
dria: 

1926-27... 

1927-28... 

1928-29... 

1929-30... 

1930-31 

1931-32. 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35. 

1935-36 

1936-37 

Egyptian Uppers, 
Fully Good, 
Fair, at Alexan- 
dria: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

192S-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37— 

Brazilian Sertoes 3 
and 5, at Rio de 
Janeiro: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31.. 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



Aug. 



Cents 
29.17 
37.10 
35.89 
32.78 
26.88 
10.87 
11.15 
12.80 
16.34 
15.14 
17.90 



21.37 
27.26 
24.03 
20.86 
18.75 



11.51 

13.90 
14.16 

14.34 



20.22 
22.90 
24.97 
23.80 
13.66 
9.59 
12.01 
13.48 
16.80 
20.39 
17. 80 



Sept. Oct. 



Cents Cents 
33.46J 27.77 
38.71 36.71 
34.52 34.40 
33.19 29.90 
21.69' 17.98 



Nov. 



10.54 
11.84 
12. 4S 
15.26 
14.57 
17.94 



22.91 
28.90 
21.66 
21.24 
13.33 
7.82 
9.91 
10.60 
13.18 
12.24 
13.45 



18.81 
25.82 
23.47 
23.13 
13.55 
8.03 
16.95 
12. 53 
16.25 
18.04 
18.15 



10.42 
10.06 
11.73 
15.02 
15.99 
19.45 



17.89 
28.35 
22.41 
20.27 
11.61 
7.37 
8.961 
9.83! 
12.96' 
12. 46 
13.42 



Cents 
26.57 
36.38 
35.47 
27.66 
17.20 
10.10 
9.46 
13.41 
16.22 
17.75 
19.51 



17.09 
28.16 
22.16 
19.31 
11.84 
7.34 
8.66 
10. 65 
13.54 
13.99 
13.22 



Dec. 



15. C9 14.81 
25.271 26.36 
23.79 23.75 
19.06. 18.91 



*13. 27 

7.87 
22.69 
13. 24, 
15.421 

18.46! 
18. 271 



*13. 13 

10.25 
21.98 
13.11 



IS. 60 
18.10 



Cents 
25.16 
33.91 
37.90 
27.14 
14.10 
8.82 
8.68 
13.69 
16.14 
17.78 
19.14 



16.17 
26.45 
23.05 
19.22 
10.78 
6.88 
8.08 
10.93 
13.64 
15.05 
13.72 



15.22 
25.38 
24.13 
18.10 
11.84 
12.04 
22. 71 
1&32 
18.02 
19.07 
1S.2S 



Jan. 



Cents 
25.36 
34.12 
37.26 
27.11 
15.00 
9.21 
9.42 
15.69 
16.42 
16.95 
19.03 



17.24 
26.27 
22.57 
19.20 
11.14 
7.55 
8.41 
12.11 
14.12 
14.44 
14.49 



17.67 
25.31 
24.05 
18.54 
11.32 
11.94 
22.77 
14.03 
17.92 
18.89 
IS. 56 



Feb. 



Cents 
25. 58 
33.11 
36.04 
26.81 
17.77 
9.91 
9.07 
17.14 
15.94 
16.39 
19.03 



18.30 
24.34 
22.80 
19.22 
12.89 
8.28 
8.02 
13.11 
13.59 
14.46 
14.79 



18.93 
24.02 
23.65 
17.99 
12.01 
11.48 
21.82 
15.10 
18.11 
17.64 
19.38 



Mar. 



Apr. 



Cents] Cents 



26. 33 
37.56' 
37.43 

27. 01 ; 
17. 73 1 

9.86 
9.04! 



27.14 
41.54 
35.92 
27.52 
15.58 



May June i July 



Cents 

30. S9 
41.84 
33.37 
27.63 
15.13 
1.081 8.04 
1.76 11.73 
16.71! 16.20 316.13 
14.85 14.84 15.28 
16.28 15.93 15.73 



18.89 
26.59 
24.09 
19.25 
12.86 
8.43 
7.90 
13.08 
12.99 
14.22 



19.83 
25.78 
25.07 
18.23 
12.91 
11.83 
20.67 
14.65 
18.95 
17.57 
20.01 



19.38 
28.68 
23.20 
19.47 
11.61 
7.85 
8.49 
12.55 
13.30 
13.78 



19.00 
27.02 
25.07 
18.74 
12.10 
13.15 



22.53 
28.42 
21.36 
19.58 
10.82 
6.89 
10.44 
312.36 
13.68 
13.42 



19.28 

27.67 
23.68 
18.92 
11.20 
13.54 



Cents 
32.55 
41.09 
32.31 
27.78 
13.66 
8.36 
12.88 
16.14 
14.97 
17.60 



Aver- 
age 



Cents Cents 

36.91 28.91 

38.10 37.51 

32.14 35.22 



23. 9S 
27.48 
21.14 
19.53 
10. 23 
6.78 
11.30 
12.81 
13.52 
13.82 



27.84 
13.96 
9.48 
14.62 
16.13 
15.10 
18.71 



16. SSI 13.941 
14.46 14.44| 
18.93! 21.91 
17.72:17.76 



20.72 
27.20 
22. 32 
17! 19 

12.59 
12.72 
13.89 
14.65 
23.09 
17.87 



26. 52 
26.42 
20.93 
19.28 
10.33 
7.68 
13.17 
13.38 



2S. 53 
17.22 
9.56 
10.61 
14.85 
15.53 
16.57 



20.19 
27.28 
22.45 
19.70 
12.18 
7.56 
9.37 
11.91 
14.05 13.64 
15.36 13.95 



20.73 
26.67 
21.03 
14.80 
11.95 
11.84 
13.93 
15.14 



18.41 
25.78 
23.75 
18.95 
12.46 
11.19 
18.35 
14.01 



23. 07 * IS. 95 
17.67 18.31 



1 Estimated by comparison with prices of Broach at Bombay. * 

2 Average of 11 months. 

3 Price for this month taken from Monthly Crop Report and Agricultural Statistics. Rome. 

4 Exchange rates not available. September rate used for October and December rate for November. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled in original currencies and units as follows: Indian— August 
1926-August 1932, Bombay Cotton Annual. Bombay, averages of daily spot or near futures quotations. 
(Spot quotations were always on basis F. Berar. The tendency in this period was to quote December- 
January delivery prices approximately from August-November, and spot prices from December-July); 
September 1932 to date, The Financial News. Bombay, weekly, averages of Wednesday or Thursday spot 
quotations. Chinese— August 1926-December 1932, An Analysis of Shanghai Commodity Prices. Shanghai. 
1933; January-December 1933. Shanghai Market News Report, Shanghai, quarterly; January-February 
1934, estimated from other kinds of Chinese cotton in Shanghai: March-April 1934, Chinese Economic 
Bulletin, Shanghai, weekly; May 1934 to date, Prices and Price Indexes in Shanghai, monthly. Prices 
were for the 15th of each month. Until January 1933 description was: Cotton, raw, Tungchow. Egyptian- 
Monthly Agricultural and Economic Statistics. Cairo, August 1926-January 1930, averages of Thursday 
spot prices: February 1930 to date, averages of daily spot prices. Brazilian— August 1926-February 1935, 
"Wileman's Brazilian Review, Rio de Janeiro, weekly, averages of Saturday quotations: March 1935 to date, 
monthly reports of American Consular Service, Rio de Janeiro, averages of daily spot prices of Nos. 3 and 5, 
which are compiled as separate series. 

Price series converted to cents per pound at current monthly rates of exchange as reported by the Federa 
Reserve Board (Chinese converted at exchange rates for 15th of month). 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAIt, AND TOBACCO 



103 



Table 122. — Cotton: International trade, average 1925-26 to 1929-80, annual 

1932-33 to 1935-36 





Year beginning July 


Country 


Average 

1925-26 to 

1929-30 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 1 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United States 


1,000 
bales 
8,579 
2,938 
1,484 
119 
88 


1,000 

bales 

399 

176 





U 


1,000 
bales 
8,647 
2,126 
1,274 


1,000 
bales 
133 
193 





1,000 
bales 
8,366 
2,585 
1,875 
235 
92 


1,000 

bales 

U57 

202 








1,000 
bales 
5,066 
2,733 
1,669 
725 
142 


1,000 
bales 
116 
379 



o 


1,000 
bales 
6,397 
2,999 
1,688 
r»5fi 


1,000 
bales 
148 






Egypt 





Brazil 





Argentina 


122 


202 





Total 


13,208 


576 


12, 174 


326 


13, 153 


359 


10,335 


495 


11,936 


418 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United Kingdom 






325 

100 

1 

289 

4 

14 


2 
1 




3,070 

3,061 

1,900 

1,640 

1,053 

636 

567 

400 

283 

271 

192 

149 

141 

106 





270 

24 



185 

61 


1 





2,460 

3,089 

1,771 

1,402 

898 

1,036 

340 

368 

241 

191 

152 

88 

117 

109 





253 
12 
2 

202 
1 

114 


2 
1 




2,955 

3,563 

1,923 

1,473 

1,009 

556 

349 

389 

314 

317 

207 

138 

123 

137 





203 

31 



97 



148 



1 

1 





2,227 
3,658 
1,154 
927 
747 
536 
298 
417 
286 
255 
181 
142 
122 
129 






137 

21 


2 902 


Japan 


3,740 


Germany 


1,401 


France... 


1,387 


Italy 


China 4 


145 


124 


1 





253 


Czechoslovakia 


417 


Belgium 


495 


Poland 


333 


Canada 


290 




203 


Austria 


181 




113 


Sweden 


141 


Total 


736 


13, 469 


541 


12, 262 


587 


13, 453 


481 


ll,079l 


11,856 











1 Preliminary. 

2 Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

* 3-year average. 

* Calendar year. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. Bales of 500 pounds 
gross weight or 478 pounds net. The figures for cotton refer to ginned and unginned cotton, but do not 
include linters, mill waste, cotton batting, scarto (Egyptian and Sudan), when separately stated. Wher- 
ever unginned cotton has been separately stated in the original reports it has been reduced to ginned cotton 
in this statement at the ratio of 3 pounds unginned to 1 pound ginned. 



Table 123. — Cottonseed: Production of cottonseed, crude cottonseed oil, and byprod- 
ucts; price per ton, farm value, and crushings of cottonseed, 1926-27 to 1936-37 





Cottonseed 


Cottonseed products 2 


Year begin- 
ning 
August— 


Produc- 
tion i 


Season aver- 
age price per 
ton received 
by farmers 


Farmvalue 


Quant it y 
crushed 2 


Crude 
oil 


Cake and 
meal * 


Linters 


Hulls 


1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34... 

1934-35.. 

1935-36 

1936-37 3 


1,000 short 
tons 
7,989 
5,758 
6,435 
6,590 
6,191 
7,604 
5,784 
5,806 
4,282 
4,729 
5,513 


Dollars 
.21.55 
35.94 
35.26 
30. 43 
21. 93 
9.52 
10.35 
14.21 
34.79 
31.19 
35.41 


1,000 dollars 

172, 131 

206, 940 

226, 874 

200, 521 

135, 778 

72, 412 

59, 888 

82, 508 

148, 981 

147, 483 

195, 195 


1,000 short 
tons 
6,306 
4,654 
5,061 
5,016 
4, 715 
5,328 
4,621 
4, 157 
3, 550 
3,818 


1,000 short 
tons 
944 
738 
802 
786 
721 
847 
723 
651 
554 
582 


1,000 short 
tons 
2,840 
2,093 
2,282 
2,232 
2,165 
2,401 
2,093 
1,889 
1,614 
1,739 


1,000 run- 
ning bales 
1,042 
875 
1,086 
1,038 
824 
876 
741 
801 
805 
876 


1,000 short 

tons 

1,854 

1,320 

1,368 

1,384 

1,304 

1,511 

1,312 

1, 103 

913 

988 















i Estimated from the production of lint cotton, assuming 65 pounds of seed for each 35 pounds of lint. 
Refers to the cotton crop of the year stated. 

2 Crushings and products are not limited to the crop specified. 

3 Preliminary. 

* The reported production of meal for years beginning August 1932 has averaged 45 percent of the weight 
of seeds crushed. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Quantity crushed and products from annual reports of the Bureau uf 
he Census, Cotton Production and Distribution. 



104 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 124. — Cottonseed: Production and season average price per ton received by 
farmers, by States, average 1928-82, and annual 1984-36 





Production » from crop of— 


Price for crop of— 


State 


Average, 
1928-32 


1934 


1935 


1936* 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


Missouri 


1,000 short 

tons 

101 

20 

333 

380 

551 

16 

213 

557 

693 

601 

331 

493 

2,041 

40 

57 

89 

5 


1,000 short 

tons 

106 

16 

280 

301 

430 

12 

180 

422 

507 

386 

215 

143 

1,069 

40 

52 

115 

8 


1,000 short 

tons 

79 

13 

254 

330 

470 

14 

141 

471 

560 

379 

247 

252 

1,316 

33 

60 

106 

4 


1,000 short 

tons 

138 

15 

271 

364 

484 

14 

191 

506 

849 

575 

339 

129 

1,311 

49 

76 

195 

7 


Dollars 
30.34 
33.08 
36.30 
36.29 
35.22 
31.20 
34.65 
33.89 
35.81 
34.13 
33.16 
35.37 
35.31 
35.77 
30.38 
30.84 
33.33 


Dollars 
31.27 
31.54 
32.16 
30.77 
29.87 
27.36 
34.08 
28.96 
32. 83 
33.18 
31.31 
29.62 
31.13 
32.79 
29.68 
31.10 
33.82 


Dollars 
35.00 




37 00 


North Carolina 


36.00 


South Carolina... 


35.00 




35.00 


Florida 


30.00 




36.00 


Alabama 


36.00 


Mississippi 


38.00 




37.00 




36.00 


Oklahoma 


32.00 




33.00 


New Mexico 


33.00 


Arizona 


35.00 




37.00 


All other 


35.81 








6,521 
21 


4,282 
10 


4,729 
32 


5,513 
26 


34.79 


31.19 


35.41 


Baja California (Old Mexico) 3 - 













1 Computed from lint production, assuming 65 pounds of cottonseed for each 35 net pounds of lint. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Not included in California figures nor in United States total. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 125. — Cottonseed: Average price per ton received by farmers, United States, 

'1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 
15 


Jan. 

15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


July 
15 


Weight- 
ed 
average 


1926-27 

1927-28 


Dol. 
29.73 
25.95 
36.87 
32.69 
23.99 
14.71 
9.13 
15.60 
25.46 
29.22 
31.66 


Dol. 
27.38 
34.41 
31.02 
31.03 
23.89 
8.93 
11.28 
12.11 
31.54 
27.65 
33.15 


Dol. 
20. 06 
36.60 
34.08 
31.40 
20.73 
7.66 
10.45 
12.58 
35. 62 
32.00 
33.23 


Dol. 
18.66 
37.51 
37.17 
30. 75 
21. 26 
11.61 
9.54 
13.67 
37.08 
33.27 
33.28 


Dol. 
18.05 
37.14 
37.74 
30.31 
21.28 
11.01 
8.87 
15.35 
39.90 
32.95 
34.87 


Dol. 
18.55 
37.40 
38.05 
28.95 
21.25 
10.38 
8.81 
16.18 
40.27 
31.72 


Dol. 
22.39 
37.44 
38.73 
28.89 
21.87 
10.12 
8.91 
18.90 
40.81 
31.08 


Dol. 
25.43 
37.77 
39.36 
28.63 
22.43 
10.17 
9.22 
20.84 
40.08 
30.95 


Dol. 
25.80 
39.40 
38.94 
29.74 
22.85 
9.78 
10.03 
21.88 
39.47 
31.28 


Dol. 

26. 05 
43.00 
37.78 
30.61 
22.32 
9.66 
12.00 
22.23 
39.36 
30.67 


Dol. 
26.27 
41.25 
35.83 
29.66 
20.32 
8.85 
12.96 
21.59 
37.16 
29.01 


Dol. 
26.59 
39.27 
34.84 
27.35 
19.52 
8.61 
16.59 
22.18 
34.53 
30.42 


Dol. 
21.55 
35.94 


1928-29 


35.26 


1929-30 


30.43 


1930-31... 


21.93 


1931-32 


9.52 


1932-33 


10.35 


1933-34... 


14.21 


1934-35 


34.79 


1935-36 . 


31.19 


1936-37 


i 35. 41 





















1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, 
by States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighing State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 534. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



105 



Table 126. — Cottonseed oil, crude: Average price -per pound in tanks, f. o. b. south- 
eastern mills, 1926-27 to 1986-87 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aver- 
age i 


1926-27. 

1927-28... 

1928-29 


Cents 
10.88 
8.70 


Cents 
8.19 
9.25 
8.16 
7.66 
6.48 
3.60 
3.71 
3.57 
6.55 
8.74 
8.86 


Cents 
7.44 
9.45 
8.14 
7.33 
6.14 
3.54 
3.25 
3.23 
7.20 
9.17 
8.62 


Cents 
6.64 
9.05 
8.24 
7.38 
6.35 
3.80 
3.00 
3.58 
7.91 
9.16 
8.70 


Cents 
6.36 
8.72 
8.38 
7.26 
6.12 

3 3.33 
2.72 
3.43 
8.94 
9.36 
9.95 


Cents 
6.94 
8.48 

2 8.63 
7.24 
6.18 
3.24 
2.90 
3.56 
9.58 
8.91 


Cents 
8.20 
7.75 
9.12 
7.40 
6.37 
3.22 
2.74 
4.18 
10.03 
8.45 


Cents 
7.73 
8.44 
9.00 
7.13 
6.75 
3.12 
2.88 
4.44 
9.82 
8.30 


Cents 
7.33 
8.75 
8.37 
7.48 
6.72 
2.61 
3.18 
4.40 
9.31 
8.36 


Cents 
7.74 
8.88 
7.94 
7.32 
6.38 
2.56 
4.16 
4.23 
9.38 
7.62 


Cents 
8.04 


Cents 


Cents 

7.77 
8.75 
8.44 


1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 


"6." 76 

"3."71 

4.48 
5.65 
8.72 
8.86 


6.95 
6.27 
2.86 
4.38 
4.68 
8.97 
8.08 


7.00 

"~3.~24 
5.45 
5.10 
8.45 
8.67 


7.29 
6.41 
3.19 
3.51 


1933-34 

1934-35 


4.07 
8.48 


1935-36 

1936-37.. 


8.63 





















i Where quotations are missing, average is for months shown. 

2 January 1929-July 1930 quoted in barrels. 

3 Less than 10 quotations during the month. Other quotations were bids. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from the Oil Paint and Drug Reporter, except October 
1932- June 1933, from the New York Journal of Commerce, when prices were not quoted in the usual source. 
Prices are average of quotations for Saturdays during the month, except September 1928-July 1934, which 
are averages of daily quotations. 

Data for 1909-10 to 1925-26 are available in the 1930 Yearbook, table 149. 



Table 127. 



-Cottonseed oil, prune summer yellow: Average spot price per pound y 
New York, 1926-27 to 1936-87 1 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
12.99 
9.89 
9.44 
9.27 
8.34 
5.77 
4.51 
5.16 
6.80 
9.90 
10.10 


Cents 
11.42 
10.74 
10.03 
9.19 
8.20 
4.39 


Cents 
8.82 
10.83 
9.84 
9.23 
7.60 
4.48 


Cents 
8.20 

10.55 
9.69 
9.01 
7.57 
4.55 
3.75 

2 4.50 
9.20 

10.30 
9.96 


Cents 
8.22 
10.06 
10.21 
8.77 
7.28 
4.09 
3.48 
4.30 
10.10 
. 10. 70 
11.00 


Cents 
8.50 
10.02 
10.33 
8.46 
7.20 
4.08 
3.62 
4.70 
10.86 
10.10 


Cents 
9.31 
9.27 

10.88 
8.46 
7.29 
3.95 
3.53 
5.10 

11.36 
9.70 


Cents 
9.39 
9.64 

10.74 
8.41 
7.58 
3.96 
3.77 
5.10 

10.83 
9.40 


Cents 
8.78 
10.04 
10.11 
8.80 
7.55 
3.46 
4.08 
5.20 
10.26 
9.40 


Cents 
9.09 

10.52 
9.75 
8.76 
6.99 
3.18 
4.99 
5.00 

10.50 
8.80 


Cents 
9.19 

10.22 
9.64 
8.23 
6.76 
3.34 
5.48 
5.30 

10.10 
9.10 


Cents 
9.57 
10.03 
9.62 
7.99 
7.00 
3.83 
6.17 
5.90 
9.60 
9.80 


Cents 
9.46 


1927-28 


10. 15 


1928-29 


10.02 


1929-30.. 


8.72 


1930-31 

1931-32 


7.45 
4.09 


1932-33 


4. 48 3. 97 


4.32 


1933-34 


4.61 
7.50 
10.20 
10.20 


4.19 
8.10 
10.40 
9.90 


4.92 


1934-35 


9.60 


1935-36 


9.82 


1936-37 























1 Prices through July 1930 quoted in barrels; beginning August 1930, quoted in tanks. 

2 From November 1933 prices from Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics, compiled from Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter, average of daily ranges. 
Data for 1890-91 to 1925-26 are available in 1924 Yearbook, table 323; and 1934 Yearbook, table 132. 



IQQ AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 128. — Cottonseed oil: International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1932-35 





Calendar year 


Country 


Average 
1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 i 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 


1,000 
pounds 
49,815 
46, 146 
22. 724 
9,526 
352 


1,000 

pounds 



18, 657 

80 



23 


1,000 

pounds 

55, 767 

38, 078 

18,885 

911 

10 


1,000 

pounds 



13. 581 




1,000 

pounds 

35, 435 

21,007 

4,414 

877 

58 


1,000 
pounds 

16, 961 
38 

29 


1,000 

pounds 

14, 865 

41,810 

7,528 

126 

2 5, 077 


1,000 

pounds 

9,157 

5,860 

1 



224 


1,000 

pounds 

3,816 

95, 424 

32, 337 

907 


1,000 
pounds 
166 687 






Egypt 




o 


Brazil .-. -_ 










Total 


128, 563 


18, 760 


113,651 


13,588 


61,791 


17,028 


69, 406 


15, 042 


132, 484 


166.687 


PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 


3 2, 949 

283 

6,481 

34 

809 





1 

447 



15 

1 

53 



600 

9 













2 


39, 439 

19, 296 

16,831 

7,792 

6,624 

4,474 

4,099 

3,034 

2,824 

2,356 

2,347 

1,914 

1,470 

1,325 

<831 

622 

585 

498 

425 

326 

298 

267 

216 


3,042 

75 

45 
1 
517 







90 



12 










54,834 
10, 040 
1,810 
5,223 
3,104 
1,655 

824 
3,751 
5,428 
4,126 

517 

1,196 

12 

914 
1,751 

397 

416 

348 
41 
214 
718 
98 


2,106 

79 
271 

25 
618 







47 
1 


13 










30, 358 

6,942 

5,145 

3,914 

1,150 

592 

1,421 

4,131 

2,673 

2,321 

557 

1,079 



890 

3,684 

500 

30 

1 

141 

19 

205 

598 

166 


2,236 
22 

39 

1,238 





2 

2 

859 










18, 258 

25, 651 

4,186 

3,808 

1,034 

1,037 

5 

4,905 

3,574 

5,113 

1,149 

811 





1,848 

464 

36 

92 

524 

2 44 

a 238 

209 

144 


930 

71 

3,209 

259 








22,677 




4,928 
3,580 
6 088 








10 




134 


Cuba 




Malta 2 -. 






3, 573 




990 


Belgium - 


386 












Syria & Lebanon 2 








27, 396 










1,341 






Poland 


23 




227 


Union of South Africa 


287 








139 


Italy 








Total --- 


11,684 


117, 893 


3,782 


97, 424 


3,160 


66, 517 


4,398 


73, 130 


31, 865 


44, 383 







' Preliminary. 

2 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

3 2-year average. 
* 4-year average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. Crude and refined 
cottonseed oil (when separately shown)have been added without converting as in many countries information 
is not available as to which it is. 



Table 129. — Cottonseed meal, 4.1 percent protein: Average price per ton, Memphis, 

1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27 

1927-28 


Dol. 
32.10 

(») 

0) 

0) 

36. 25 
17.30 
17.35 
22.90 
34.80 
21.50 
33.94 


Dol. 

28.90 

37.40 

38.40 

41.00 

30.90 

13. 80 

16.75 

18.40 

33.90 

20.30 

30.95 


Dol. 

23.90 

37.70 

43.90 

39.30 


Dol. 
23.70 
39.60 
44.20 
37. 80 


Dol. 

24.50 

41.40 

45.60 

37.00 

25.60 

14.45 

11.80 

19.25 

37.75 

22.19 

34.20 


Dol. 
30.10 
40.40 
44.90 
35.40 
25.75 
13.80 
11.85 
22.50 
34. §5 
21.19 


Dol. 

33.50 

45.10 


Dol. 
32.40 
49. 30 


Dol. 
32.50 
55. 50 


Dol. 

34.00 

61.50 

35.50 

38.00 

24.60 

12.65 

17.50 

21. 25 

30.00 

21.56 


Dol. 
37. 10 
(') 
34.25 
35.50 
22.40 
11.50 
18.60 
23.25 
26. 94 
22.48 


Dol. 

36.00 

41.50 

38.75 

33.60 

21.20 

13.15 

27.65 

27.05 

24.30 

32.12 


Dol. 
30. 75 


1928-29 


44.40 42. 70 1 38.75 




1929-30 . 


33.50 
24.90 
12.78 
12.00 
24.00 
33.25 
20.63 


33.60 36.75 
26.40 26.25 




1930-31 


27. 50 27. 50 


26.60 


1931-32 

1932-33 


13.20 
14.40 
16.70 
33.90 
23.15 
29.91 


16.60 
13.35 
19.25 
37.00 
22.25 
32.25 


12.44 
13.10 
24.00 
30.80 
20.11 


12.85 
15.20 
22.00 
30.45 
21.38 


13.71 
15.80 


1933-34 


21.71 


1934-35 


32.31 


1935-36 

1936-37 


22.40 





















1 Not reported. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports made to the Bureau by its representative in 
the market. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



107 



Table 130. — Sugar beets and beet sugar: Acreage, production, season average price per 
ton received by farmers, and value, United States, 1 1913-36 





Sugar beets 


Beet sugar and pulp 


Year 


Acreage 
harvested 


Yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Farm 
value 


Sugar 

produced 

(chiefly 

refined) 


Molasses 
pulp 


Other 

dry pulp 


1913 


1,000 

acres 
580 
483 
611 
665 
665 
594 
692 
872 
815 
530 
657 
816 
648 
677 
721 
644 
688 
776 
713 
764 
983 
770 
763 
785 


Short 
tons 
10.1 
11.6 
10.7 
9.4 
9.0 
10.0 
9.3 
9.8 
9.6 
9.8 
10.7 
9.2 
11.4 
10.7 
10.8 
11.0 
10.6 
11.9 
11.1 
11.9 
11.2 
9.8 
10.4 
11.7 


1,000 

short 

tons 
5, 886 
5,585 
6,511 
6,228 
5,980 
5, 949 
6,421 
8,538 
7,782 
5, 183 
7,006 
7,508 
7,381 
7,223 
7,753 
7,101 
7,315 
9,199 
7,903 
9,070 

11,030 
7,519 
7,908 
9,177 


Dollars 
5.69 
5.45 
5.67 
6.12 
7.39 
10.00 
11.74 
11.63 
6.35 
7,91 
8.99 
7.95 
6.39 
7.61 
7.67 
7.11 
7.08 
7.14 
5.94 
5.26 
5.13 
5.16 
5.76 
6.02 


1,000 
dollars 
33, 491 
30, 438 
36, 950 
38, 139 
44, 192 
59, 494 
75, 420 
99, 324 
49, 392 
41,017 
62, 965 
59, 689 
47, 137 

54, 964 
59, 455 
50, 477 
51, 804 
65, 698 

46, 948 

47, 705 
56, 599 
38, 776 
45, 565 

55, 229 


1,000 

short 

tons 

733 

722 

874 

821 

765 

761 

726 

1.089 

1,020 

675 

881 

1,090 

913 

897 

1,093 

1,061 

1,018 

1,208 

1,156 

1,357 

1,642 

1,160 

1,185 

1,313 


1,000 
short 
tons 


1,000 
short 
tons 


1914 






1915 






1916 






1917 .. 






1918 






1919 






1920 






1921 






1922 






1923 






1924 






1925 






1926 . 


74 
89 
64 
111 
150 
99 
116 
141 
130 
125 
181 


78 


1927 


76 


1928 


75 


1929 


48 


1930 


60 


1931 


75 


1932 


134 


1933 


134 


1934 


92 


1935 . 


74 


1936 2 


71 







1 Most years from 1913 to 1923 include a small unknown quantity of beets grown in Canada for Michigan 
factories. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 131. — Sugar beets and beet sugar: Acreage, yield, production, and season 
average price per ton received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 
and 1936 





Sugar beets 


Beet 
du 






State 


Acreage har- 
vested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price 
for 

crop 
of 


sugar pro- 
ction i 




Aver- 

1928-32 


1935 


1936 2 


Aver- 
age, 
1924-32 


1935 


1936 2 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 2 


1935 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 2 


Ohio 


1,000 
acres 
25 
75 
78 
44 
41 
45 
202 
49 
71 
87 


1,000 

acres 

50 

114 
51 
51 
51 
40 

140 
41 

116 

109 


1,000 

acres 

28 

100 
70 
60 
52 
47 

172 
35 

140 
81 


Short 
tons 
9.1 
7.9 
12.9 
11.1 
10.3 
11.6 
12.5 
11.8 
10.3 
8.9 


Short 

tons 

7.0 

6.0 

12.3 

11.2 

11.0 

13.1 

13.0 

12.3 

12.4 

7.5 


Short 
tons 
9.7 
9.4 
11.2 
10.8 
13.9 
10.3 
12.9 
14.6 
13.8 
8.1 


1,000 
short 
tons 
218 
612 
996 
514 
449 
531 
2,525 
621 
860 
791 


1,000 

short 

tons 

349 

686 

625 

570 

562 

525 

1,826 

506 

1,443 

816 


1,000 

short 

tons 

272 

936 

783 

649 

724 

482 

2,227 

511 

1,939 

654 


Dol- 
lars 
5.29 
6.29 
5.91 
6.36 
5.26 
6.18 
5.81 
5.08 
5.81 
5.30 


1,000 

short 

tons 

28 

92 

132 

75 

70 

78 

357 

90 

139 

98 


1,000 

short 

tons 

33 

100 

95 

84 

72 

93 

298 

76 

239 

95 


1,000 

short 

tons 

28 


Michigan 


124 




101 




91 




108 




85 


Colorado 


329 


Utah 


68 




305 


Other States .. 


74 






United States.. 


717 


763 


785 


11.0 


10.4 


11.7 


8,118 


7,908 


9,177 


5.76 


1,160 


1,185 


1,313 



i Sugar produced in the States shown, from beets and beet molasses, including a very small quantity made 
from other sources. 
2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



108 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 132. — Sugar beets: Acreage, yield per acre, production, and yield of sugar 
per short ton of beets sliced, in specified countries, average, 1925-29, annual, 1935 
and 1936 



Country- 



Canada 

United States... 
Great Britain... 

Sweden 

Denmark 

Netherlands 

Belgium 

France 

Spain 

Italy 

Germany » 

Austria 

Czechoslovakia. 

Hungary 

Yugoslavia 

Rumania 

Poland 

Bulgaria 

Finland 

Irish Free State. 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Switzerland 

Turkey 

Australia 

Russia 



Total countries re- 
porting acreage 
and production all 
years 

Estimated total, all 
countries report- 
ing 



Acreage 



Aver- 
age, 

192.5-29 



1,000 
acres 

32 
676 
165 

77 

92 
157 
164 
601 
182 
226 
992 

64 
677 
168 
110 
167 
511 

35 
6 

14 
2 



4 

13 

2 

1,620 



4,953 
6,757 



1935 



1,000 

acres 

53 

763 

375 

125 

124 

102 

127 

748 

153 

227 

921 

107 

387 

116 

74 

91 

293 

17 

7 

53 

38 

17 

4 

51 



3,027 



5,002 



1936 i 



1,000 

acres 

56 

785 

364 

126 

122 

108 

127 

710 

227 

259 

961 

90 

381 

122 

75 

72 

297 

12 

8 

59 

29 

17 

4 

56 



3,021 



4,823 
8,098 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 

192.5-29 



Short 

tons 

8.3 

10.9 

9.0 

12.5 

13.1 

14.8 

12.4 

10.6 

10.5 

11.4 

12.0 

10.7 

11.7 

9.8 

7.5 

7.0 

9.0 

6.1 

7.3 

10.0 

5.0 



12.8 
3.4 

11.0 
5.7 



10.9 
9.6 



Short 
tons 
8.8 
10.4 
10.2 
16.5 
16.7 
16.5 
13.3 
12.3 



19361 



11.3 
12.6 
11.9 
10.4 
7.3 
7.2 
7.6 
9.4 
10.0 
10.9 
11.9 
8.5 
8.8 
16.5 
6.5 



5.9 



11.4 



Short 
tons 
10.2 
11.7 
9.3 
16.1 
16.1 
16.3 
15.0 
12.5 



11.3 
13.1 
10.9 
12.1 
9.9 
9.4 
7.9 
9.2 
5.8 
11.0 
11.7 
9.3 
11.1 
19.2 
8.2 



12.0 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1925-29 



1,000 
short 
tons 

265 

7,355 

1,477 

962 

1,207 

2,317 

2,035 

6,367 

1,908 

2,573 

11, 856 

686 

7,952 

1,647 

822 

1,176 

4,609 

212 

44 

140 

10 

3 

51 

44 

22 

9,182 



1935 



53, 807 
64, 922 



1,000 
short 
tons 
466 
7,908 
3.812 
2,057 
2,067 
1,682 
1.692 



2,563 
11, 649 

1,268 

4,026 
848 
534 
691 

2,756 
170* 
76 
631 
324 
150 
66 
331 



19361 



1,000 
short 
tons 
569 
9,177 
3,400 
2,024 
1,962 
1,764 
1.900 



Yield of raw sugar 

per short ton of 

beets sliced 



2,928 

12, 622 

980 

4,623 

1,206 
708 
570 

2,718 



54,786 
75, 613 



57, 680 
79, 394 



Aver- 
age, 
1925-29 



Lb. 

2 290 
304 
299 
306 

2 277 

2 264 
s^ 289 

2 308 
255 
270 

5 320 
335 
348 
286 

3^255 
307 

6 340 
2 286 
M57 
2 311 
2 278 
2 244 
2 298 
2 231 
2 232! 
" 273i 



1935 



Lb. 

2 292 
304 
311 

3 320 
3 319 

2 297 

3 303 



3 334 
3 340 
3 359 
3 341 
3 340 
3 307 
3 347 
3 358 
2 195 

2 251 

3 311 
2 345 

2 325 

3 282 
3 356 



19361 



Lb. 

2 280 

2 286 
330 

3 311 
3 333 

2 291 

3 292 



247 



3 >94 
3 328 
3 339 
3 341 
3 299 
3 274 
3 303 
3 353 
2 307 

2 227 

3 311 
2 282 



2 260 

3 375 



1 Preliminary. Final report for United States to be released in May 1937. 

2 Beets harvested. 

3 Compiled from estimates of beets ground, reported by International Association for Sugar Statistics. 
* 2-year average 1928-29 and 1929-30. 

5 Figures do not include Saar. 

6 Beets ground. 

7 Beets worked; source, Sovietski Sachar. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; official sources and International Institute of Agriculture. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



109 



Table 133. — Sugar: Production in continental United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, 
and the Philippine Islands, 1909-10 to 1936-37 





Total cane 
and beet 
(refined) i 


Beet 
(chiefly 
refined) 


Cane (chiefly raw) 


Year beginning 
July 


Conti- 
nental 
United 
States s 


Puerto 
Rico 


Hawaii 


Philippine 
Islands 


Total 


1909-10 


Short tons 
1, 791, 108 

1, 955, 539 
2, 108, 510 

2, 057, 179 
2, 304, 454 
2, 282, 021 
2, 404, 018 
2, 590, 239 
2, 411, 263 
2, 399, 820 
2, 259, 514 
2, 761, 304 
2, 769, 970 
2, 260, 865 

2, 604, 292 

3, 252, 954 
2, 923, 225 
3, 019, 707 
3, 468, 969 
3, 463, 853 
3, 816, 623 

3, 974, 898 

4, 362, 730 

4, 640, 426 

5, 367, 678 
3, 766, 786 
4, 409, 987 
4, 562, 279 


Short tons 

512, 469 

510, 172 

599, 500 

692, 556 

733, 401 

722, 054 

874, 220 

820, 657 

765, 207 

760, 950 

726, 451 

1, 089, 021 

1, 020, 489 

675, 000 

881, 000 

1, 090, 000 

913, 000 

897, 000 

1, 093, 000 

1, 061, 000 

1, 018, 000 

1, 208, 000 

1, 156, 000 

1, 357, 000 

1, 642, 000 

1, 160, 000 

1, 102, 000 

1, 221, 000 


Short tons 
331, 726 
355, 040 
360, 874 
162, 573 
300, 538 
246, 620 

138, 620 
310, 900 

245, 840 
284, 400 
122, 125 
176, 114 
327, 701 
295, 735 
164, 823 

88, 483 

139, 381 
47, 166 
70, 792 

132, 053 
214, 000 
211, 000 
181, 000 
260, 000 

246, 000 
262, 000 
375, 000 
397, 000 


Short tons 
346, 786 
349, 840 
371, 076 
398, 004 
351, 666 
346, 490 
483, 590 
503, 081 
453, 794 
406, 002 
485, 071 
489, 818 
408, 325 
379, 172 
447, 570 
660, 411 
603, 240 
629, 134 
748, 677 
586, 761 
866, 110 
783, 163 
992, 335 
816, 337 
1, 103, 822 
773, 021 
926, 344 
952, 000 


Short tons 
517, 090 
566, 821 
595, 038 
546, 524 
612, 000 
646, 000 
592, 763 
644, 663 
576, 700 
600, 312 
555, 727 
521, 579 
592, 000 
537, 000 
691, 000 
769, 000 
787, 246 
811,333 
896, 918 
899, 101 
912, 357 
988, 612 
1, 025, 354 
1, 035, 548 
952, 187 
952,000 
980, 000 
1, 064, 000 


Short tons 
168, 254 
268, 878 
281, 354 
345, 077 
408, 339 
421, 192 
412, 274 
425, 266 

474, 745 
453, 346 
466, 913 
589, 437 
533, 189 

475, 325 
529, 091 
779, 510 
607, 362 
766, 902 
807, 814 
933, 954 
981,371 
958, 032 

1,174,311 
1, 342, 795 
1, 621, 294 
754. 725 
1, 200, 000 
1, 103, 000 


Short tons 
1, 363, 856 
1, 540, 579 
1, 608, 342 
1, 452, 178 


1910-11.. 


1911-12 


1912-13 


1913-14.... .. 


1, 672, 543 


1914-15 .. 


1, 660, 302 
1, 627, 247 


1915-16 


1916-17 


1, 883, 910 


1917-18.. 


1, 751, 079 


1918-19 


1, 744, 060 


1919-20 


1, 629, 836 


1920-21 


1, 776, 948 


1921-22 


1,861,215 


1922-23 


1, 687, 232 


1923-24 


1, 832, 484 


1924-25 


2, 297, 404 


1925-26 


2, 137, 229 


1926-27 


2, 254, 535 


1927-28 


2, 524, 201 
2, 551, 869 


1928-29 


1929-30--- - 


2, 973, 838 


1930-31 


2, 940, 807 


1931-32... 


3, 373, 000 


1932-33 


3, 454, 680 


1933-34 


3, 923, 303 


1934-35 


2, 741, 746 


1935-36 ... 


3, 481, 344 


1936-37 3. 


3, 516, 000 







i Cane sugar, raw, converted to refined basis by multiplying by the following factors up to year 1931-32: 
United States, 0.932; Puerto Rico, 0.9393; Hawaii, 0.9358; Philippine Islands, 0.95; beginning with 1931-32, 
United States, 0.9418; Puerto Rico and Philippine Islands, 0.9460; Hawaii, 0.9617. 

2 Figures for 1909-10 to 1923-24 include Louisiana and Texas, 1924-25 to 1928-29, Louisiana only; beginning 
1929-30, Louisiana and Florida. 3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; production data compiled as follows: United States from the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, except cane sugar, 1909-10 and 1910-11, which are from Willett & Gray; Hawaii from 
Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association; Puerto Rico and Philippines from official sources of those islands. 

Figures for earlier years appear in previous issues of the Yearbook. 



Table 134.— 


Cane sugar: Production of Hawaii, 1925- 


36 






Total 
acreage 
in cane 


Canejised for sugar 


Sugar produced 


Sugar 
made 

per 
short 
ton of 

cane 


Recovery 
of equiv- 


Year beginning 
October 


Acreage 

har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 

acre 1 


Production 


As made 


Equiva- 
lent 
refined ' 


alent 
refined 
sugar 
from 
cane 
ground 3 


1925-26. 


Acres 
237, 774 
234, 809 
240, 769 
239, 858 
242, 761 
251, 533 
251, 876 
254, 563 


Acres 
122, 309 
124, 542 
131,534 
129, 131 
133, 840 
137, 037 
139, 744 
144, 959 


Short 
tons 
53.1 
56.1 
58.6 
57.7 
58.7 
61.9 
63.4 
59.1 


Short tons 
6, 495, 686 

6, 992, 082 

7, 707, 330 
7, 447, 494 
7, 853, 439 
8, 485, 183 
8, 865, 323 
8, 566, 781 


Short tons 
787, 246 
811,333 
896, 918 
899, 101 
912, 357 
988, 612 
1, 025, 354 
1, 035, 548 
123, 959 

935, 094 

962, 485 

1,016,371 


Short tons 
736, 705 
759, 245 
839, 336 
841,379 
853, 784 
925, 143 
986, 083 
995, 887 
119,211 

899, 280 
925, 622 
977, 444 


Pounds 
242 
232 
233 
241 
232 
233 
231 
242 


Percent 
11.34 


1926-27. 


10.86 


1927-28 


10.89 


1928-29 


11.30 


1929-30 . 


10.87 


1930-31 

1931-32 


10.90 
11.12 


1932-33 


11.62 


Oct. 1-Dec. 31, 1933 




Year beginning Jan. 1: 
1934 


252, 237 
246, 491 
245, 891 


134, 318 
126, 116 
130, 828 


59.5 
67.8 
70.1 


7,992,260 
8, 555, 424 
9, 170, 279 


234 
225 
222 


11.72 


1935. . 


11.26 


1936... 


11.08 







i The growth of 18 to 22 months. 

2 1 ton of sugar as made is assumed to be equivalent to 0.9358 ton of refined from 1925-26 to 1930-31 and 
0.9617 ton of refined from 1931-32 to 1936, as recommended by the joint committee on sugar statistics of the 
Departments of Commerce and Agricuture. 

8 Based on tonnage of cane used. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics prior to 1926; since then data collected through the Hawaiian Sugar 
Planters' Association. For earlier years see 1934 Yearbook, table 140. 



1 1Q AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 135. — Cane sugar: Production of Philippine Islands, 1924-25 to 1986-S7 





Sugarcane harvested 


Sugar produced 


Sugar 
made per 
ton of 
sugar- 
cane 


Recovery 
of equivalent 


Crop year 


Acreage 


Average 

yield 
per acre 


Production « 


As made 


Equivalent 
refined * 


refined sugar 

from 

sugarcane 

ground 


1924-25. 


Acres 
591, 730 
572, 877 
586, 492 
585, 627 
636, 801 
640, 063 
633, 021 
625, 435 
663, 365 
755, 854 
417, 228 


Short 

tons 
11.8 
9.0 
11.2 
11.9 
12.9 
13.0 
13.6 
16.7 
17.6 
19.0 


Short tons 
7,000,000 
5, 132, 226 
6, 564, 681 
6, 979, 539 
8, 218, 795 
8, 322, 026 
8, 593, 547 

10, 439, 625 

11, 695, 744 
14, 34S, 452 


Short tons 

779, 510 

607, 362 

766, 902 

807, 814 

933, 954 

981, 371 

958, 032 

1, 174, 311 

1, 342, 795 

1, 621, 294 

754, 725 

1, 200, 000 

1, 103, 000 


Short tons 

740, 534 

576, 996 

728, 557 

767, 426 

887, 256 

932, 302 

910, 130 

1,110,898 

1, 270, 284 

1, 533, 744 

713,970 

1, 135, 200 

1, 043, 438 


Pounds 
223 
237 
234 
231 
227 
236 
223 
225 
230 
226 


Percent 

10.58 


1925-26 .... 


11.24 


1926-27 


11.10 


1927-28 


11.00 


1928-29 __ 

1929-30 


10.80 
11.20 


1930-31--. 


10.59 


1931-32 


10.64 


1932-33 


10.86 


1933-34 


10.69 


1934-35. 




1935-36 3 










1936-37 3 

























1 Calculated quantity of sugarcane ground for sugar based upon the production of sugar as made and the 
annual average number of tons of sugarcane required to produce 1 ton of sugar. 

2 1 ton of sugar as made is assumed to be equal to 0.95 ton of refined from 1924-25 to 1930-31 and 0.946 ton 
of refined from 1931-32 to 1936-37, as recommended by the joint committee on sugar statistics of the Depart- 
ments of Commerce and Agriculture. 

s Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of the Philippine Department of Plant 
Industry and Customs Bureau. 



Table 136.— Cane sugar: Production of Puerto Rico, 1924-25 to 1936-37 





Sugarcane harvested 


Sugar produced 


Sugar 
made per 
ton of 
sugar- 
cane 


Recovery 
of equivalent 


Crop year 


Acreage 


Average 

yield 
per acre 


Production 


As made 


Equivalent 
refined • 


refined sugar 

from 

sugarcane 

ground 


1924-25 

1925-26 . 


^4cres 
240, 010 
242, 745 
236, 148 
237, 746 
251, 018 
254, 259 
279, 165 
293, 953 
300,071 
350, 126 
299, 384 
299, 804 


Short 

tons 
25.7 
22.6 
24.0 
26.9 
20.9 
28.3 
25.2 
28.6 
23.9 
25.9 
25.1 
25.3 


Short tons 
6, 173, 272 
6, 474, 843 

5, 661, 693 

6, 405, 023 
5. 250, 100 
7, 198, 545 

7, 035, 407 
8, 418, 225 
7, 165, 188 
9, 070, 454 

2 7, 525, 058 
7, 592, 201 


Short tons 
660,411 
603, 240 
629, 134 
748, 677 
586, 761 
866, 110 
783, 163 
992, 335 
816,337 
1,103,822 
773, 021 
926, 344 
952, 000 


Short tons 
620, 324 
566, 623 
590, 946 
703, 232 
551, 145 
813, 537 
735, 625 
938, 749 
772, 255 
1, 044, 216 
731, 278 
876, 321 
900, 592 


Pounds 
214 
220 
222 
234 
224 
241 
223 
236 
228 
243 
242 
244 


Percent 
10.05 
10.35 


1926-27 -. 


10.44 


1927-28 


10.98 


1928-29 


10.50 


1929-30 


11.30 


1930-31 


10.46 


1931-32 


11.15 


1932-33 


10.78 


1933-34- __ 


11.51 


1934-35 


11.44 


1935-36-.. 


11.54 


1936-37 » 

















1 1 ton of sugar as made is assumed to be equivalent to 0.9393 ton of refined from 1924-25 to 1930-31 and 
0.946 ton of refined from 1931-32 to 1936-37, as recommended by the joint committee on sugar statistics of 
the Departments of Commerce and Agriculture. 

2 Actual quantity of sugarcane harvested, including 6,391,187 tons of sugarcane cut for the production of 
sugar, and 1,133,871 for the production of high-grade molasses. It is estimated that about 1,000,000 tons of 
sugarcane were not harvested in 1934-35. 

3 Preliminary. 

Burei'.u of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from annual reports of the Governor of Puerto Rico. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



111 



Table 137. — Cane sugar and molasses: Production in Louisiana and Florida 

1919-36 





Sugarcane used for sugar 


Sugar produced 


Raw 
sugar 
made 
per ton 
of sugar- 
cane 3 


Molasses made 


State and 
year ' 


Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 
yield of 

cane 
per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 

average 
price per 

ton re- 
ceived by 

farmers 


Farm 
value 


Raw 
sugar J 


Equiva- 
lent 
refined ' 


Black- 
strap 


Total • 


Louisiana: 

1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923 

1924 

1925 

1926. 

1927. 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 * 

Florida: 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 « 


1,000 
acres 
179 
183 
226 
242 
215 
163 
190 
128 
73 
130 
185 
175 
169 
208 
197 
222 
239 
249 

1 
7 
12 
13 
13 
14 
14 
14 
17 


Short 
tons 
10.5 
13.6 
18.5 
15.6 
11.1 

7.5 
13.9 

6.8 
13.2 
14.3 
15.8 
14.6 
13.2 
13.9 
13.2 
13.6 
17.1 
17.6 

13.0 
28.9 
29.2 
22.5 
32.4 
33.5 
27.4 
34.7 
35.3 


1,000 
short 
tons 
1,883 
2,493 
4,181 
3,778 
2,387 
1,228 
2,644 
864 
962 
1,860 
2,918 
2,559 
2,232 
2,886 
2,600 
3,019 
4,087 
4,394 

13 
202 
351 
292 
421 
469 
384 
486 
600 


Dollars 
14.00 
5.76 
3.63 
5.83 
7.09 
5.58 
4.05 
4.92 
4.61 
3.86 
3.77 
3.38 
3.29 
3.06 
3.29 
2.33 
3.18 
3.59 

4.40 
4.30 
3.95 
3.85 
3.43 
3.13 
2.93 
3.23 
3.75 


1,000 
dollars 
26, 362 

14, 360 
15, 177 
22, 026 
16, 924 

6,852 
10, 708 
4,251 
4,435 
7,180 
11,001 
8,649 
7,343 
8,831 
8,554 
7,034 
12, 997 

15, 774 

57 
869 
1,386 
1,124 
1,444 
1,468 
1,125 
1,570 
2,250 


1,000 
short 
tons 
121 
169 
324 
295 
162 
88 
139 
47 
71 
132 
200 
184 
157 
223 
205 
234 
333 
343 

1 
14 
27 
24 

37 
41 
28 
42 
54 


1,000 
short tons 
113 
158 
302 
275 
151 
82 
130 
44 
66 
123 
186 
171 
148 
210 
193 
220 
314 
323 

1 
13 
25 

23 
35 
39 
26 
40 
51 


Pounds 
128 
136 
155 
156 
136 
143 
105 
109 
148 
142 
137 
144 
141 
154 
158 
155 
163 
156 

154 
139 
154 
164 
176 
175 
146 
173 
180 


1,000 
gallons 
6,468 
9,949 
17, 613 
15, 210 
8,169 
3,336 
12, 171 
2,745 
2,582 
5,683 
14,418 
12, 032 
9,477 
10, 983 
11, 197 
12, 765 
20,088 

134 
1,444 
2,202 
1,819 
2,489 
2,943 
2,921 
3,292 
4,082 


1,000 
gallons 
12, 991 
16, 857 
25,423 
22, 719 
15, 719 
9,590 
17, 783 
6,614 
6,624 
13, 535 
19, 619 
16,887 
14, 645 
16, 445 
16, 498 
18, 277 
25, 614 
26, 501 

134 
1,444 
2,202 
1,819 
2,489 
2,943 
2,921 
3,292 
4,082 



1 Sugar campaign, usually not ended before February in Louisiana and April in Florida, following season 
of growth of cane. 

8 In Louisiana, as made; in Florida, 96° equivalent. 

* 1 ton of raw sugar is assumed to be equivalent to 0.932 ton of refined for 1919-30, and 0.9418 ton of refined 
for 1931-36, as recommended by the joint committee on sugar statistics of the Departments of Commerce 
and Agriculture. 

4 Sirup production not included. See Table 147. 

8 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. For earlier years see 1934 Yearbook, table 141. 



130180—37- 



112 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 138. — Sugar: Production, trade, and supply available for consumption in 
continental United States, 1910-11 to 1986-37 

IN TERMS OF RAW SUGAR 



Year beginning July 


Produc- 
tion > 


Brought 
in from 
insular 
posses- 
sions 3 


Imports 

as sugar 3 


Domestic 

exports 

as sugar 4 


Exports 
in other 
forms 5 


Available for con- 
sumption « 


Total 


Per 
capita 


1910-11 


Short tons 
903, 475 
1, 005, 337 
907, 070 
1, 088, 944 
1, 022, 828 
1,078.407 
1,193,107 
1, 068, 437 
1,102,421 
903, 060 
1,346,811 
1,424,726 
1,021,360 
1,111,898 
1, 260, 000 
1, 121, 000 
1,011,000 
1, 246, 000 
1, 273, 000 
1, 308, 000 
1,510,000 
1, 424, 000 
1, 719, 000 
2,011,000 
1, 509, 000 
1,560,000 
1, 710, 000 


Short tons 

943, 701 
1, 187, 663 
1, 026, 972 

936, 376 
1, 098, 314 
1,102,057 
1, 203, 938 

975, 684 
1, 073, 944 

975, 735 
1, 076, 342 
1, 340, 867 
1, 235, 049 
1,274,870 
1,645,319 
1,981,482 

1, 689. 347 

2, 051, 659 
1,974,899 
2, 377, 787 
2, 603, 735 

2, 811, 893 
3,074,951 

3, 234, 650 
2, 308, 896 
2, 668, 409 


Short tons 
1, 845, 279 
1, 832, 424 
2, 266, 426 
2, 463, 252 
2, 529, 963 
2, 689, 067 
2, 527, 984 
2, 344, 816 

2, 799, 962 
3, 812, 955 

3, 228, 279 
3, 940, 777 
4, 068, 205 
3, 436, 955 
3, 931, 282 
3, 895, 947 
3, 968, 997 
3,415,830 
4, 115, 601 
2, 823, 173 
2, 416, 398 
2, 321, 442 
1, 710, 999 
1, 356, 426 
2,773,813 
2, 372, 075 


Short tons 
36, 597 
50, 380 
30, 963 
37, 190 
302, 641 
882, 864 
676, 752 
305, 429 
568, 566 
776, 502 
319, 589 
1, 085, 349 
412, 196 
152, 883 
273, 470 
325, 804 
124, 555 
115,566 
139, 324 
87, 092 
77,131 
58, 973 
44,000 
67, 427 
164, 504 
103, 349 


Short tons 
15, 966 
15, 160 
19, 217 
11,892 
13, 585 
12, 213 
29, 211 
46, 131 
36, 747 
98, 386 
89, 491 
31, 397 

12, 568 
24, 617 
22. 436 
24, 998 
26, 303 
29, 833 
31,894 
43, 320 
33, 026 
28. 522 
22, 437 
16, 705 

9,992 

13, 220 


Short tons 
3, 639, 891 

3, 959, 883 
4, 150, 288 
4, 439, 489 

4, 334, 878 
3, 974, 453 

4, 219, 066 
4, 037, 377 
4,371,013 
4, 816, 862 

5, 242. 352 
5, 589, 624 
5, 899, 849 

5, 646, 223 

6, 540, 695 
6, 647, 627 
6, 518, 486 
6, 568, 090 
7, 192, 282 
6, 378, 548 
6, 419, 976 
6, 469, 840 
6, 438, 513 
6, 517, 944 
6,417,213 
6,483,915 


Pounds 
78 3 


1911-12 


83 9 


1912-13 


86 6 


1913-14 


91 3 


1914-15 


87 9 


1915-16 


79 4 


1916-17 

1917-18 


83.2 
78 5 


1918-19 

1919-20 . . 


83.8 
91 1 


1920-21 


97 6 


1921-22 

1922-23 


102.5 
106 6 


1923-24 


100 5 


1924-25 


114 7 


1925-26 


114 9 


1926-27 


111.1 


1927-28 


110 4 


1928-29 


119 2 


1929-30 

1930-31 


104.3 
103 8 


1931-32 


103 9 


1932-33 . 


102 7 


1933-34 


103.3 


1934-35 


100.9 


1935-36 


101.3 


1936-37 














1 



IN TERMS OF REFINED SUGAR • 



1921-22 

1922-23 

1923-24 

1924-25 

1925-26 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



1,325,906 
950, 625 
1,034,615 
1, 172, 000 
1, 043, 000 
941, 000 
1,159,000 
1, 184. 000 
1, 217, 000 
1, 404, 000 
1, 327, 000 
1,602,000 
1, 874, 000 
1, 406, 000 
1, 456, 000 
1, 595, 000 



1, 260, 894 
1,161,351 
1, 198, 777 
1, 547, 587 
1, 859, 332 
1, 588, 981 

1, 930. 732 
1.858,331 

2, 239, 140 
2,451,611 
2, 675, 996 
2, 924. 863 
3, 074, 820 
2, 199, 181 
2, 539, 685 



3, 686, 397 
3, 805, 745 
3, 214, 883 
3, 674, 563 
3, 634, 323 
3, 714, 054 
3, 196, 443 
3,851,311 
2, 641, 709 
2, 261, 187 
2, 186, 307 
1,611,418 

1, 277, 481 

2, 612, 372 
2, 234, 000 



1, 009, 377 

383, 439 

142,217 

254, 391 

303, 073 

115,865 

107, 704 

129, 846 

81, 167 

71,884 

55, 541 

41, 439 

63, 503 

154, 929 

97, 333 



29, 182 
11,682 

22, 943 
20, 911 

23, 298 

24, 514 
27, 805 

29, 726 
40, 375 

30, 781 
26, 862 
21,131 
15, 733 

9,410 
12, 451 



5, 234, 638 


5, 522, 600 


5, 283, 115 


6,118,848 


6, 210, 284 


6, 103, 656 


6, 150, 666 


6, 734, 070 


5, 976, 307 


6,014,133 


6, 106, 900 


6, 075, 711 


6, 147, 065 


6, 053, 214 


6,119,901 





96.0 
99.8 
94.0 
107.3 
107.4 
104.0 
103.3 
111.6 
97.7 
97.2 
98.0 
96.9 
97.4 
95.2 
95.6 



i Beet and cane sugar only. 

3 Duty free, from Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Philippine Islands (Virgin Islands included 1917 and 
subsequently). 

3 No account taken of sugar imported in other forms. Imports from the Philippine Islands and Virgin 
Islands excluded, reexports deducted through 1932-33; imports for consumption beginning 1933-34. 

* Shipments to Hawaii and Puerto Rico included, also to Alaska beginning 1933-34, and to Virgin Islands 
beginning January 1935. Direct exports to foreign countries, through customs districts of noncontiguous 
territories excluded. 

5 Sugar used in the manufacture of other commodities for export on which drawback was paid. 

6 No account taken of stocks at the beginning or end of year. 

7 Raw sugar converted to refined by multiplying by the following factors: 1909-10 to 1930-31, Cuba and 
Hawaii, 0.9358: Puerto Rico, 0.9393; Philippines, 0.95; all others (Santo Domingo, British West Indies, Loui- 
siana, etc.), 0.932. Beginning 1931-32, Hawaii, 0.9617; Puerto Rico, Philippines, and Virgin Islands, 0.946; 
Cuba and all others 0.9418. Use reciprocal of above factors to reduce refined sugar to raw. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Trade figures from the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO ^13 

Table 139. — Cane sugar, raw: Refiners' stocks, receipts, meltings, and direct- 
consumption deliveries, 1935 and 1936 



Year and source of supply 


Jan. 1 
stocks 


Receipts « 


Meltings 


Deliveries 
for direct 
consump- 
tion 


Lost by- 
fire, etc. 


Dec. 31 

stocks 


19S5 
Cuba .. . 


Short tons 

283, 600 

65, 009 

6,194 

158, 754 

19,913 



554 




Short tons 

1, 591, 478 

946, 008 

724, 858 

678, 302 

232, 190 

2,534 

65, 396 

718 


Short tons 

1, 779, 083 

978, 861 

685, 028 

832, 866 

183, 769 

2,534 

46, 359 

676 


Short tons 

4,908 

3,256 

125 

853 

1,026 



8 

6 


Short tons 
48 

26 
143 






Short tons 
91 039 




28, 900 




45 873 




3,194 


Continental United States . .. 


67, 308 









19, 583 


Miscellaneous (sweepings, etc.) 


36 


Total 


534, 024 


4, 241, 484 


4, 509, 176 


10, 182 


217 


255, 933 






1936 2 

Cuba.. 

Hawaii .. 


91, 039 

28, 900 

45, 873 

3,194 

67, 308 



19, 583 

36 


1, 541, 390 

948, 717 

772, 824 

898, 844 

239, 140 

3,698 

61, 979 

3,092 


1, 584, 717 
937, 058 
762, 129 
888, 686 
259, 723 

74,' 463 
3,128 


5,346 

3,578 

122 

1,303 

683 












273 

102 






42, 366 

36, 981 




56, 173 


Philippine Islands. . ... 


11,947 


Continental United States . . 


46, 042 







Other areas... . . 


7,099 


Miscellaneous (sweepings, etc.) 





Total 


255, 933 


4, 469, 684 


4, 513, 602 


11,032 


375 


200, 608 



1 Receipts are of sugar arriving in the ports of the United States, regardless of whether or not they have 
been imported (i. e., entered through the customs). 

2 Preliminary. 

Agricultural Adjustment Administration; compiled in the administration of the Jones-Costigan Act and 
Public Resolution No. 109. 

Overquota raw sugars held by refiners are included. Original data are reported by 18 companies repre- 
senting 23 refineries. 

Table 140. — Sugar, refined cane and beet: Stocks, production, and distribution by 
refineries and beet sugar factories, 1935 and 1936 



Refinery or factory 


1935 


1936 1 


Jan. 1 
stocks 


Produc- 
tion 


Deliveries 


Dec. 31 

stocks 


Produc- 
tion 


Deliveries 


Dec. 31 

stocks 


Cane-sugar refineries... 
Beet-sugar factories 


Short tons 

302, 898 

1,060,110 


Short tons 
4, 263, 871 
1,181.685 


Short tons 
a 4, 316, 589 

3 1, 382, 012 


Short tons 
250, 180 
859, 783 


Short tons 
4,271,491 
1, 318, 272 


Short tons 

2 4, 272, 591 

3 1, 288, 177 


Short tons 
249, 080 
889, 878 


Total 


1, 363, 008 


5, 445, 556 


5, 698, 601 


1, 109, 963 


5, 589, 763 


5, 560, 768 


1, 138, 958 



1 Preliminary. 

' Includes sales for export. The Department of Commerce reported exports of 113,957 tons of refined sugar 
during 1935 and 61,716 tons during 1936. 
3 Larger than actual deliveries by a small quantity representing losses in transit, in reprocessing, etc. 

Agricultural Adjustment Administration; compiled in the administration of the Jones-Costigan Act and 
Public Resolution No. 109. 

Compiled from reports by refineries and beet processors. Not included in this table is the cane-sugar 
output of Louisiana refineries, which melt only Louisiana raw sugar. 



Table 141. — Sugar: 1 Receipts for direct consumption from specified areas, 1935 

and 1936 

(Refined value) 



Source of supply 


1935 


1936' 


Source of supply 


1935 


1936 2 


Hawaii ... ... 


Short tons 
17,511 
73, 337 
119, 153 


Short tons 

19, 229 

58, 774 

118, 302 


Cuba 


Short tons 
3 374, 899 


Short tons 
3 413, 634 




Total 




Puerto Rico .. 


584, 900 


609, 939 







1 Mostly refined. 

2 Data partly estimated and subject to revision. 

3 Quota sugar upon which duty has been paid. 



Agricultural Adjustment Administration. 
Act and Public Resolution No. 109. 



Data compiled in the administration of the Jones-Costigan 



114 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 142, — Sugar: Production in specified countries, average 1925-26 to 1929-30 
annual 1932-83 to 1936-37 

BEET SUGAR IN TERMS OF RAW SUGAR 



Country 


Averaee 

1925-26 to 

1929-30 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 i 


NORTH AMERICA 

Canada..- 


Short tons 

38, 481 

1, 071. 000 


Short tons 

75,009 

1, 459. 000 


Short tons 

74, 655 

1, 765, 000 


Short tons 

64, 774 

1, 247, 000 


Short tons 

68, 101 

1,185,000 


Short tons 
79, 700 


United States.- . 


1, 313, COO 






Total 


1, 109, 481 


1, 534. 009 


1, 839, 655 


1,311,774 


1, 253. 101 


1,392,700 






EUROPE 

Great Britain... ... 


201,611 

21, 794 

144, 091 

165.698 

305. 640 

297. 450 

878, 805 

242, 154 

351.957 

7,601 

1, 937. 058 

109, 249 

1.300,763 

219. 353 

104,211 

30,314 

138, 756 

745, 342 

1.390 

366 

3,458 

1, 238, 736 

* 5, 087 


397, 297 

28,692 

259, 642 

199, 781 

253. 570 

283, 850 

1, 078. 884 

256. 805 

361, 177 

7, 606 

1, 202, 496 

181,767 

695, 151 

114,161 

93, 452 

30. 666 

60,546 

460, 541 

30. 760 

17.848 

5, 732 

912, 925 

30, 242 


557, 796 
38, 894 
319,116 
268. 697 
306. 467 

267, 977 
998, 661 

268, 633 
335, 642 

9,890 

1,574,419 

187, 897 

568, 529 

149. 458 

82, 085 

41, 626 

142, 555 

379, 522 

35. 695 

8.906 

7.229 

1,111,890 

79. 900 


733, 490 

82, 168 

299. 572 

95. 691 

256,815 

292. 935 

1, 290, 583 

376. 122 

392, 744 

10, 648 

1,855,196 

245, 987 

702, 352 

131,913 

69. 518 

2 5,312 

128,041 

491, 572 

66.790 

16, 767 

11,538 

1,547,078 

64,994 


566, 929 

99, 241 

324, 62S 

257, 014 

250, 070 

261, 456 

1,010,000 

220. 583 

353. 458 

9,300 

1,847,104 

226. 950 

629. 067 

128, 926 

99, 004 

16, 577 

162. 362 

490, 010 

55, 872 

24, 398 

9,540 

2, 204. 600 

65. 574 


570, 000 




107. 740 


Sweden 


336. 000 


Denmark.. . . 


240, 000 


Netherlands . . . 


256, 450 


Belgium . .. . _. 


260, 000 




1. 030, 000 


Spain . ... . ... . 


222, 665 


Italy 


362, 000 


Switzerland ._ ... 


10, 000 


Germany 


1,918,118 
170,000 


Czechoslovakia.. .. ... 


782, 000 




151,291 




107, 750 




10, 600 


Rumania . 


100,000 


Poland 


510,000 




37, 885 




24, 600 


Finland .. .. - . ... . 


10, 000 


Union of Soviet Socialist Republic .. 
Turkey 3 . 


2, 000, 000 
80, 000 






Total . 


8, 450, 884 


6, 963, 591 


7, 741, 484 


9, 167, 826 


9,312,663 


9. 297. 099 






ASIA 

Japanese Empire 


22, 050 
2, 556 


31,526 
6,385 


29, 601 
5,939 


43, 170 
5,952 


37, 910 
5,000 


51,000 


OCEANIA 


6.000 






Total s 


9, 584, 971 


8,535,511 


9, 616, 679 


10, 528, 722 


10. 608, 674 


10, 746. 799 







CANE SUGAR (RAW) 



NORTH AMERICA, CENTRAL AMERICA, 
AND WEST INDIES 

United States 


120, 600 

861,391 

686, 784 

6,745 

33, 598 

23,583 

212, 480 

18,834 
65, 748 
63, 916 
19,310 
84, 418 
5, 221, 396 
387, 917 
15, 765 

27, 532 
44, 260 


260. 000 

1,035, .548 

816,337 

4,125 

34, 552 

11, 452 

231,016 

26,768 
107, 544 

62.008 

27, 048 

163, 828 

2, 233, 544 

402, 806 

28, 338 

50,667 
52, 455 


246, 000 

952, 187 

1, 103, 822 

4,088 

31, 260 

10, 496 
207, 000 

23, 158 
92, 886 
81,231 
31, 653 
117, 983 
2, 547, 219 
428, 259 
2S, 556 

46, 400 
47, 459 


262, 000 

952. 000 

773, 021 

1,670 

35, 801 

10. 091 
292, 000 

19, 478 
91, 267 
85, 960 
31.900 
131.914 
2,841.871 
475, 057 

39, 698 

40, 000 
51,916 


375,000 

980, 000 

926, 344 

3,760 

38, 245 

12. 584 
360, 0C0 

23.800 
143, 360 
102, 439 

31, 600 

173, 225 

2. 899, C02 

503, 796 

41, 783 

44,009 
56. 000 


397,000 


Hawaii . 


1, 064, 00O 


Puerto Rico _ . 


952. 000' 




504O 


Central America: 

Guatemala ..- .. 


35. 840 


Salvador . 


17, 747 




347, 200 


West Indies (British): 


30. 240 


Barbados 

Jamaica 

St. Christopher 

Trinidad 

Cuba 


123, 200 
106, 400 
36. 960 
179, 200 
3, 337, 600 


Domirican Republic 

Haiti 


504. 000 
40,320 


West Indies (French): 

Guadeloupe 

Martinique. . . . . ... 


44,800 
61,600 






Total 


7, 894, 277 


5, 548, 036 


5, 999, 657 


6. 135, 644 


6, 714, 947 


7. 283, 147 







See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



115 



Table 142. — Sugar: Production in specified countries, average 1925-26 to 1929-30, 
annual 1932-3S to 1936-37— Continued 

CANE SUGAR (RAW)-Continued 



Country 


Average 

1925-26 to 

1929-30 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 i 


EUROPE AND ASIA 


Short tons 
12, 395 

250,000 
3, 341, 200 

681,420 

106, 125 
2, 866, 683 

819, 481 


Short tons 
21, 683 
204,713 

5,237,000 
698, 550 
161, 509 

1,513,000 

1, 342, 795 


Short tons 

17, 262 

308, 382 

5, 456, 640 
713, 166 
153, 837 
701, 177 

1, 621, 294 


Short tons 

20,283 

498, 660 

5, 695, 200 

1,050,933 

172, 818 

566, 090 

754. 725 


Short tons 
21, 626 
524, 904 

6, 613, 600 
990, 997 
169, 012 
616, 670 

1, 200, 000 


Short tons 
19,841 




525, 000 




6, 720, 000 




1, 052, 000 




136, 100 




1, 568. 000 


Philippine Islands - 


1, 103, 000 






Total... 


8, 077, 304 


9, 179, 250 


8, 971, 758 


8, 758, 709 


10, 136, 809 


11.123,941 






SOUTH AMERICA 

Argentina 


439, 803 
1, 009, 515 

124, 226 
34, 212 
16, 751 
22, 889 

418, 714 
23, 169 


385, 283 

990, 997 

158, 991 

39, 180 

21,812 

15, 970 

464, 385 

26, 123 


351, 536 
721, 420 
148, 109 
34, 720 
20,767 
21, 968 
476, 902 
22, 051 


377, 505 
854,000 
199, 406 
39, 200 
22, 400 
21, 300 
429, 854 
21,000 


431, 623 
876, 000 
196, 000 
38, 580 
20, 160 
23,000 
438,000 
24, 640 


485, 166 


Brazil 


1,002,400 




190,400 


Colombia. 


39,000 




20,160 




20,160 




459, 200 




26,880 






Total 


2, 089, 279 


2, 102, 741 


1, 797, 473 


1, 964, 665 


2, 048, 003 


2, 243, 366 


AFRICA 

Egypt 


105, 137 
252, 045 
264, 872 
81, 481 
55,909 
4,357 


187, 740 
272, 511 
358, 908 
102, 510 
59, 868 
9,370 


170, 303 
288,207 
391, 173 
104,120 
85, 351 
9,150 


150,515 

197, 157 

358, 738 

93, 130 

70,100 

9,500 


145, 400 
309, 195 
417, 318 
83,000 
100, 195 
9,500 


161, 280 




294, 560 




440,160 


Mozambique 


95,200 


Reunion 


84. COO 




9,500 






Total.. 


763, 801 


990, 907 


1, 048, 304 


879, 140 


1, 064, 608 


1, 084, 700 






OCEANIA 

Australia 


564, 166 
102, 944 


596, 505 
151, 470 


746, 082 
117, 583 


717,460 
130, 308 


742,000 
147, 200 


683, 400 


Fiji... 


151.200 






Total 


667, 110 


747, 975 


863, 665 


847, 768 


889, 200 


834, 600 






Estimated world total cane 


19, 491, 771 
29, 076, 742 


18, 568, 909 
27, 104, 420 


18, 680, 857 
28, 297, 536 


18, 585, 926 
29, 114, 648 


20, 853, 567 
31, 462, 241 


22, 569, 754 
33, 316, 553 


Estimated world totalcane and 
beet sugar 5 







1 Preliminary. 

2 Reduced production on account of drought. 

3 Includes Turkey in Asia. 

4 4-year average. 

s Excluding countries where production is very small and for which data are unobtainable. 

6 The figures quoted for India are for the production of gur, a low grade of sugar polarizing between 50° 
and 60°. Practically the entire crop is consumed within the country. 

7 Figures for Java are for the calendar years 1925-36. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; official sources, International Institute of Agriculture, sugar asso- 
ciations, and trade estimates. Figures are for the crop years 1925-26 to 1936-37 for the countries in which the 
sugar-harvesting season heeins in the fall months and is completed during the following calendar year, 
except in certain cane-sugar-producing countries in the Southern Hemisphere, such as Argentina, Australia, 
Mauritius, Union of South Africa, etc., where the season begins in May or June and is completed in the 
same calendar year. Production in these countries is for the calendar years 1925-36. 



116 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 143. — Sugar, raw, cane and beet: Production, world and selected countries, 

1909-10 to 1936-87 



Crop year 



Esti- 
mated 

world 
total 



1909-10 
1910-11 
1911-12 
1912-13 
1913-14 
1914-15 
1915-16 
1916-17 
1917-18 
1918-19 
1919-20. 
1920-21. 
1921-22. 
1922-23. 
1923-24. 
1924-25. 
1925-26. 
1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29. 
1929-30. 
1930-31. 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35. 
1935-36. 
1936-37 



1.000 
short 
tons 
16, 828 
18, 834 

17, 908 
20, 542 
21,154 
20, 875 

18, 885 
18, 592 
20, 293 
18,604 

19', 546 
20, 578 
20, 860 
22, 810 

26, 670 

27, 989 
26. 624 

28, 515 
30, 655 

30. 607 

31, 530 
28, 996 
27, 104 
28, 298 
29, 115 
31. 462 
33, 317 



Esti- 
mated 
world 
total, 
cane 



1,000 
short 
tons 
9,670 
9,870 
10, 622 
10, 896 
11,640 
11,952 

12, 278 

13, 255 

14, 790 
14, 076 
14, 338 
14, 225 
15, 095 
15, 127 

16, 306 

17, 712 
18, 813 
18, 125 

18, 671 
20, 319 
20, 459 
19, 107 

19, 442 
18, 569 
18, 681 
18, 586 
20, 854 
22, 570 



Esti- 
mated 
world 
total, 

beet 



1,000 
short 
tons 
7,158 
8,964 
7,286 
9,646 
9,514 
8,923 
6,607 
5,337 
5.503 
4,528 
3,651 
5,321 
5,483 
5,733 
6,504 
8,958 
9,176 
8,499 
9,844 
10, 336 
10, 148 
12, 423 
9, 554 
8,536 
9,617 
10, 529 
10, 609 
10, 747 



Selected countries 



United 
States 2 



1,000 
short 
tons 

883 

903 
1,005 

907 
1,089 
1,023 
1,078 
1,193 
1,068 
1,102 

903 
1,347 
1,425 
1,022 
1,112 
1,260 
1,120 
1,011 
1,246 
1,273 
1,308 
1,510 
1,424 
1,719 
2,011 
1,509 
1,560 
1,710 



Cuba 



1,000 
short 
tons 
2,021 
1,661 
2,124 
2,720 
2,909 
2,922 
3,398 
3,422 
3,890 
4,491 
4.184 
4,406 
4,517 
4,083 
4,606 
5,812 
5,524 
5,050 
4,527 
5,775 
5,231 
3,495 
2,917 
2,234 
2,547 
2,842 
2,899 
3.338 



Tndi 



1,000 
short 
tont 
2,481 
2,587 
2,745 
2,862 
2,573 
2,736 
2,949 
3.093 
3.839 
2,752 
3,404 
2,825 
2,928 
3,410 
3,715 
2,852 
3,334 
3,659 
3,603 
3,028 
3,082 
3,615 
4,452 
5,237 
5,457 
5,695 
6,614 
6,720 



Java < 



1,000 
short 
tons 
1,411 
1,617 
1,550 
1,616 
1,549 
1,454 
1,797 
2,009 
1,960 
1,473 
1,681 
1,853 
1,994 
1,981 
2,201 
2,535 
2.140 
2,592 
3,223 
3,165 
3,214 
3,056 
2,822 
1,513 
701 
566 
617 
1,568 



Ger- Czecho- 

many s !slovakia 



1,000 
short 
tons 
2,147 
2,770 
1,552 
2,902 
2,886 
2,721 
1,678 
1,721 
1,726 
1,297 
774 
1,195 
1,434 
1,604 
1,263 
1,724 
1,763 
1, 834 
1,846 
2,054 
2,188 
2,808 
1,760 
1,202 
1,574 
1,855 
1.847 
1,918 



1,000 
short 
tons 



8 714 

553 

797 

731 

811 

1,115 

1,574 

1,662 

1,153 

1,383 

1, 165 

1,142 

1, 258 

903 

695 

569 

702 

629 

782 



Po- 
land 8 



1,000 
short 
tons 



376 
239 
293 
263 
249 
106 
195 
200 
335 
423 
540 
638 
634 
624 
822 
1,010 
855 
544 
461 
380 
492 
490 
510 



France " 



1,000 

short 

tons 

861 

763 

546 

1,029 

841 

355 

159 

217 

235 

129 

182 

358 

326 

522 

524 

880 

796 

763 

911 

957 

968 

1,271 

923 

1,079 

999 

1,291 

1,010 

1,030 



1 Figures are for the crop years 1909-10 to 1936-37 for the countries in which the sugar-production season 
begins in the fall months and is completed during the following calendar year, except in certain cane-sugar- 
producing countries where the season begins in May or June and is completed in the same calendar year. 
Production in these countries is for the calendar years 1909-36. 

2 Production of cane and beet sugar in terms of raw sugar. 

3 The figures quoted for India are for the production of gur, a low grade of sugar polarizing between 50° and 
60°. Practically the entire crop is consumed within the country. 

* All grades of sugar reduced to terms of head sugar, a grade of sugar which contains at least 96.5 percent 
sucrose. Figures for Java are for the calendar years 1909-36. 

s Figures for 1909-10 to 1917-18 are for pre-war boundaries. 

e Figures are incomplete through 1920-21; 1914-15 includes Prussian Poland only; 1915-16 to 1919-20 
include Prussian Poland and Congress Poland; 1920-21 includes Prussian Poland, Congress Poland, and 
Galicia. 

7 Figures for 1909-10 to 1918-19 refer to pre-war boundaries; 1914-15 to 1918-19 are exclusive of invaded 
territory. 

s Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia only. 

9 Preliminary. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
1908-09 in 1924 Yearbook, table 386. 



Estimated world total sugar production for the period 1895-96 to 



Table 144. — Cane sugar, raw (96° centrifugal) : Average wholesale 'price per pound, 

New York, 1927-86 1 



Year 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Aver- 
age 


1927... 

1928 


Cents 
5.1 
4.5 
3.8 
3.7 
3.4 
3.1 
2.7 
3.2 
2.8 
3.3 


Cents 
4.9 
4.3 
3.7 
3.7 
3.3 
2.9 
2.8 
3.3 
2.9 
3.4 


Cents 
4.8 
4.5 
3.7 
3.6 
3.3 
2.8 
3.0 
3.1 
3.0 
3.6 


Cents 
4.8 
4.5 
3.7 
3.5 
3.3 
2.6 
3.1 
2.8 
3.3 
3.8 


Cents 
4.8 
4.5 
3.6 
3.2 
3.2 
2.6 
3.3 
2.8 
3.3 
3.7 


Cents 
4.6 
4.3 
3.5 
3.2 
3.3 
2.8 
3.4 
2.9 
3.3 
3.7 


Cents 
4.5 
4.2 
3.8 
3.3 
3.5 
3.0 
3.5 
3.2 
3.3 
3.7 


Cents 
4.5 
4.1 
3.8 
3.2 
3.5 
3.2 
3.5 
3.3 
3.3 
3.7 


Cents 
4.8 
4.2 
4.0 
3.1 
3.4 
3.1 
3.6 
2.9 
3.5 
3.6 


Cents 
4.7 
3.9 
4.0 
3.3 
3.4 
3.2 
3.3 
2.9 
3.6 
3.4 


Cents 
4.7 
3.9 
3.8 
3.4 
3.4 
3.0 
3.2 
2.9 
3.5 
3.6 


Cents 
4.6 
3.9 
3.8 
3.3 
3.2 
2.9 
3.2 
2.9 
3.1 
3.8 


Cents 
4.7 
4.2 


1929 

1930 


3.8 
3.4 


1931 


3.3 


1932 


2.9 


1933 

1934 


3.2 
2.9 


1935. 

1936 


3.2 
3.6 



i Quotations are on basis of duty paid. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from Bureau of Labor Statistics reports. 
Data for 1890-1926 are available jn 1924 Yearbook, table 388, and 1927 Yearbook, table 309. 



STATISTICS OP COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



117 



Table 145. — Sugar, granulated: Average retail price per pound, United States, 

1927-36 l 



Year 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Aver- 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


age 




Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


1927 


7.5 


7.5 


7.4 


7.3 


7.3 


7.3 


7.4 


7.3 


7.2 


7.2 


7.2 


7.1 


7.3 


1928 


7.1 


7,1 


7.1 


7.1 


7.2 


7.3 


7.3 


7.1 


7.0 


6.9 


6.8 


6.7 


7.1 


1929 


6.7 


6.6 


6.5 


6.4 


6.4 


6.4 


6.4 


6.6 


6.7 


6.7 


6.7 


6.6 


6.6 


1930 


6.6 
5.9 


6.5 
5.9 


6.4 

5.8 


6.3 

5.7 


6.3 

5.6 


6.1 

5.6 


6.1 
5.6 


6.1 

5.7 


5.9 

5.7 


5.8 
5.6 


5.9 
5.6 


5.9 

5.5 


6.2 


1931 


5.7 


1932 


5.4 


5.3 


5.2 


5.1 


4.9 


4.9 


5.0 


5.1 


5.1 


5.1 


5.1 


5.1 


5.1 


1933 


5.1 


5.0 


5.0 


5.1 


5.3 


5.4 


5.5 


5.6 


5.7 


5.7 


5.6 


5.5 


5.4 


1934 


5.4 


5.6 


5.4 


5.5 


5.4 


5.4 


5.7 


5.7 


5.7 


5.7 


5.6 


5.5 


5.6 


1935 


5.4 
5.7 


5.4 
5.6 


5.4 
5.5 


5.5 
5.5 


5.7 
5.6 


5.7 
5.6 


5.8 
5.7 


5.8 
5.7 


5.8 
5.6 


5.8 
5.6 


5.9 
5.5 


5.8 
5.5 


5.7 


1936 


5.6 



' Data are averages of prices as reported by retail dealers as of the 15th of month in 51 of the larger cities 
of the United States. August 1933-June 1938 prices are reported twice daring the month; those shown are 
nearest the 15th. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from Bureau of Labor Statistics retail prices. 
Data for 1913-26 available in 1930 Yearbook, table 162. 



Table 146. — Sugar: International trade, 


average 


1925-29, annual 1983-35 




Calendar year 


Country 


Average 1925-29 


1933 


1934 


1935 J 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Cuba 


Short 
tons 
5, 032, 658 
2, 380, 762 
792, 566 
612,260 
353, 915 
332, 668 
253, 202 
242, 199 
179, 533 
174, 357 
152, 164 
113, 607 

3 105, 024 
92, 836 
90, 488 
82, 951 
72, 520 
61, 524 
54, 035 
49, 676 
37, 906 
25, 076 
23, 426 
8,529 
3,897 


Short 

tons 

525 

3, 634 

628 

2,398 

196 

106 

2,291 

3 

911 

92, 758 

77, 890 

447 

57, 858 

171 

417 

10. 307 

1,564 

517 

26 

1,081 

93 

20 

17, 264 

408 

3,768 


Short 

tons 

2, 522, 419 

1, 283, 021 

224, 100 

1, 188, 999 

323, 955 

404, 138 

125, 543 

249, 838 

298, 882 

16, 793 

150, 504 

142, 333 

42, 315 

127, 496 

24, 367 

201, 969 

121, 539 

88, 480 

61, 549 

50, 702 

3 91, 504 

28, 089 

3,486 

1,399 

8,293 


Short 

tons 

19 

2,016 

9 

403 

4 

173 

30 

4 

50 

17, 424 

128, 480 

50 

7,654 

166 

19 

614 

48 

3 307 

1 

34 

»18 



129 

47 

2,334 


Short 

tons 

2, 544, 029 

1, 203, 798 

178, 507 

1,270 776 

368, 564 

350, 034 

111,092 

204, 605 

608, 280 

2,761 

109, 296 

145, 497 

53, 682 

116, 326 

43, 569 

128, 235 

104, 736 

97, 944 

79, 132 

60, 728 

» 78, 975 

26, 342 

1,888 

5,795 

7,661 


Short 

tons 

22 

1,731 

3 

189 

3 

271 

14 

58 

11,977 

17, 903 

125, 142 

39 

12, 533 

212 

29 

1,499 

43 

3 254 

1 

32 

» 18 



764 

4 

2,576 


Short 
tons 


Short 
tons 




2 1,138,706 
216, 294 
569, 043 


3 20 




8 


Philippine Islands . 




Dominican Republic 




Peru 


358, 724 
118, 360 


357 


Poland 


15 


Mauritius 3 










Germany 


8,672 
118, 085 
195, 049 

84, 294 
151, 909 

14, 024 
223, 459 
118, 383 


19, 038 


Belgium.. ... 


106, 891 


British Guiana 


42 


Union of Soviet Socialist 


280 


Fiji 


186 


Hungary 11 


15 


Union of South Africa 

Trinidad and Tobago 


1,139 
71 


Reunion 












Mozambique.. 






Brazil . 


93, 990 
2,518 
2,218 
8,502 





Argentina 


612 


Nicaragua . 


3 


Madagascar.. 


1,720 






Total 


11,327,779 


275, 281 


7, 781, 713 


160, 003 


7, 902, 252 


175, 287 


3, 422, 230 


130, 397 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United States 4 


167, 360 

105, 263 

40, 084 

2,072 

89, 914 

251, 691 

204, 103 

284, 204 

74 

133 

31,068 


4, 428, 566 

2, 135, 293 

904, 568 

823, 225 

( 4 ) 

524, 446 
460, 753 
414, 134 
316, 951 
148, 736 
136,205 
125, 180 


50, 496 

380, 060 

41, 447 

193 

1 

10, 183 

308, 977 

151, 995 

56, 469 

1,167 

9 

13,498 


2, 874, 127 
2, 281, 555 
347, 042 
283, 528 
133, 414 
394, 993 
437, 843 
140, 178 
117,090 
172, 359 
122, 124 
97, 121 


136, 408 

392, 212 

39, 397 

102 

1 

7,164 

321, 496 

140, 517 

84, 759 

1,863 


2, 997, 261 
2, 196, 138 
250, 648 
275, 235 
101, 798 
430, 212 
463, 507 
114,567 
109, 619 
191,536 
126, 588 
118,867 


113,956 

374, 646 

36, 331 

12 


2, 954, 988 


United Kingdom .. 


2, 209, 140 


British India 


251, 596 


China. ... 


287, 231 


Canada 


2,790 

268, 320 

182, 839 

57, 668 

1,193 


4.50, 377 


France 


402, 362 


Japan 


154, 889 


Netherlands 


128, 586 


Switzerland.. 


166, 707 


Chile- 


119,644 


British Malaya 


14, 748 


18, 164 


129,739 



See footnotes at end of table. 



113 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 146. — Sugar: International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1933-35 — Con. 





Calendar year 


Country 


Average 1925-29 


1933 


1934 


1935 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 

countries— Contd. 
Morocco 


Short 
tons 



663 

18 





102 

99 

739 



9,341 

4,778 

? 12 

151 

1 

1,648 



20 

3,148 



25 



13, 346 

4,654 




Short 
tons 
121, 576 
114,983 
110, 608 
92, 080 
87, 238 
86, 255 
82, 505 
81, 102 
79, 493 
79, 282 
66, 744 
64,751 
63, 315 
61,046 
46, 472 
43, 221 
41, 655 
29, 841 
29, 742 
25, 731 
23,812 
18, 109 
6,218 
5,584 


Short 

tons 



279 

271 





9 



1,019 



36, 259 

8,424 

124 


164 


772 
194 


M27 


6,682 






Short 
tons 
166, 062 

1,113 
13, 010 
98, 176 
81, 809 
70, 232 
49, 887 
81, 646 
84, 066 

1.185 
12,783 
60,458 
80, 556 
67, 583 
39, 974 
49, 231 
15, 890 

4,829 
36, 422 

3,510 

15, 537 



99 

4,752 


Short 

tons 



185 

235 





9 



953 



64,568 

9,516 


Short 
tons 
157, 602 
10, 325 

7,659 
78, 138 
83, 108 
71,617 
42, 774 
79, 264 
92, 423 

1,123 
11, 878 
69, 007 
79, 827 
73, 601 
42, 157 
51, 544 
14, 835 

9,938 

37, 803 

13, 605 

17, 362 



54 

3,700 


Short 
tons 

31 


Short 
tons 


Austria 


753 


Sweden.. 


10, 893 
39, 679 
87, 358 


Irish Free State . 






Finland 


Portugal.. 


Iran • 




1,236 



70, 845 


47, 822 

90, 115 

95,811 

5,864 


New Zealand 


Norway 


Egypt 


Italy 


Greece 




71 214 


Algeria 


3 12 



80 



1,207 

16, 493 



i 41 



1,510 








77, 595 


Ceylon 




77, 642 


Siam 8 




Uruguay 







Latvia.. 






208 

( 3 ) 



62, 601 

35, 670 

3,338 

26, 455 




Tunisia _ 


Lithuania 


Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 

Formosa 


Yugoslavia 






91 


Gold Coast 


4,892 






Total 


1,214,711 


11, 879, 420 


1, 068, 819 


8, 446, 184 


1, 233, 476 


8,425,320 


1, 128, 239 


7, 993, 052 



i Preliminary. 

2 Java and Madura only. 

s International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

* Includes imports from Virgin Islands of the United States and Philippine Islands, but does not include 
shipments from Hawaii and Puerto Rico. 

5 Not shown prior to 1932: included with China in average. 

* The 1925-29 average is for the years beginning Mar. 22: annual figures are for year ended June 21. 
? 2-year average. 

8 Year beginning April. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. The following kinds 
and grades have been included under the head of sugar: Brown, white, candied, caramel, chanaca (Peru), 
crystal cube, maple, muscovado, panela. The following have been excluded: Candy (meaning confectionery) 
confectionery, glucose, grape sugar, jaggery, molasses, and sirups. 



Table 147. — Sugarcane sirup: Acreage, yield, production, and Dec. 1 price per gallon 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 
for sirup 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Dec. 


1 price 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 


South Carolina. 

Georgia 


1.000 

acres 

5 

29 

10 

19 

17 

1 

22 

9 


1,000 

acres 

5 

38 
14 
30 
33 
1 
27 
8 


1,000 

acres 

4 

35 

13 

27 

28 

1 

26 

7 


Gallons 
90 
140 
163 
116 
136 
93 
237 
127 


Gal- 
lons 
110 
155 
190 
127 
152 
100 
256 
130 


Gal- 
lons 
100 
138 
165 
123 
130 
90 
280 
120 


1,000 

gallons 

509 

4,157 

1,657 

2,142 

2,654 

121 

5,371 

1,189 


1,000 
gallons 

550 
5,890 
2,660 
3,810 
5,016 

100 
6,916 
1,040 


1,000 
gallons 

400 
4,830 
2,145 
3,321 
3,640 
90 
7,278 

840 


Cents 
65 
42 
37 
43 
42 
65 
'38 
60 


Cents 
70 
44 


Florida 


38 


Alabama 


45 


Mississippi 


48 




70 


Louisiana 


>39 


Texas. _ 


60 






United States 


111 


156 


141 


154.2 


166.6 


159.9 


17,800 


25, 982 


22,544 


41.9 


43.8 



i Preliminary. 

* Season average price. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



119 



Table 148. — Sorgo sirup: Acreage, yield, production, and Dec. 1 price per gallon 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 
for sirup 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Dec. 1 


price 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 i 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 i 


1935 


1936 


Indiana 


7,000 

acres 

2 

2 

2 

12 

3 

3 

21 

8 

14 

13 

22 

36 

20 

17 

5 

20 


1,000 

acres 

3 

2 

2 

14 

2 

4 

20 

8 

16 

12 

17 

39 

22 

30 

5 

35 


1,000 

acres 

3 

2 

3 

11 

2 

3 

18 

7 

15 

13 

19 

38 

20 

29 

2 

30 


Gallons 
66 
67 
84 
57 
52 
63 
67 
52 
63 
59 
58 
66 
77 
56 
46 
56 


Gal- 
lons 
60 
50 
84 
45 
34 
70 
75 
60 
69 
58 
48 
67 
65 
42 
41 
52 


Gal- 
lons 
45 
41 
70 
31 
30 
58 
70 
48 
65 
45 
46 
72 
76 
40 
25 
45 


1,000 

gallons 

143 

130 

230 

646 

134 

161 

1,376 

404 

898 

725 

1,206 

2,516 

1,006 

969 

208 

1, 115 


1,000 
gallons 
180 
100 
168 
630 
68 
280 

1,500 
480 

1,104 
696 
816 

2,613 

1,430 

1,260 
205 

1,820 


1,000 

gallons 

135 

82 

210 

341 

60 

174 

1,260 

336 

975 

585 

874 

2,736 

1,520 

1,160 

50 

1,350 


Cents 
70 
75 
75 
75 
75 
70 
65 
50 
50 
60 
60 
45 
45 
60 
60 
50 


Cents 
80 


Illinois 


85 


Iowa 


80 


Missouri.- 


85 


Kansas 


80 


Virginia 


75 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


70 
55 
50 


Kentucky 


70 


Tennessee 


65 


Alabama 


45 


Mississippi 


45 


Arkansas 


65 


Oklahoma 


65 


Texas 


50 






United States 


201 


231 


215 


62.1 


57.8 


55.1 


12, 467 


13. 350 


11, 848 


54.9 


56.7 



1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 149. 



-Maple sugar and sirup: Production and season average price received 
by farmers, United States, 1917-36 



Year 


Trees 
tapped 


Sugar 
made 


Sirup 
made 


Total 
product 
in terms 
of sugar i 


Average total prod- 
uct per tree 


Price per 

pound 
of sugar 


Price per 
gallon 
of sirup 




As sugar ' 


As sirup i 


1917 


1,000 
trees 
17, 313 
19, 132 
16,639 
16, 672 
14, 160 
15, 198 
14, 178 
14, 193 
14,070 
13, 948 
13, 751 
13,489 
12, 858 
13, 062 
12, 138 
12,091 
12, 076 
12, 158 
12,496 
11,861 


1,000 
pounds 
10, 525 
12, 944 
9,541 
6,928 
4,699 
5, 227 
4,656 
4,096 
3,238 
3,585 
3,183 
2,189 
1,362 
2,370 
1,646 
1,623 
1,288 
1,271 
1,704 
1,042 


1,000 
gallons 
4,258 
4,863 
3,262 
3,131 
2,149 
3,370 
3,262 
3,574 
2,817 
3,504 
3,429 
2,782 
2,361 
3,641 
2,213 
2,412 
2,186 
2,395 
3,377 
2,358 


1,000 
pounds 
44, 589 
51, 848 
35,637 
31, 976 
21,891 
32, 187 
30. 752 
32, 68S 
25, 774 
31,617 
30,615 
24, 445 
20, 250 
31, 498 
19, 350 
20,919 
18, 776 
20, 431 
28,720 
19, 906 


Pounds 
2.58 
2.71 
2.14 
1.92 
1.55 
2.12 
2.17 
2.30 
1.83 
2.27 
2.23 
1.81 
1.58 
2.41 
1.59 
1.73 
1.55 
1.68 
2.30 
1.68 


Gallons 
0.32 
.34 
.27 
.24 
.19 
.26 
.27 
.29 
.23 
.28 
.28 
.23 
.20 
.30 
.20 
.22 
.19 
.21 
.29 
.21 


Cents 


Dollars 


1918 .._. 






1919 






1920 






1921 






1922 






1923 






1924 


26.0 
26.9 
29.3 
28.7 
28.6 
30.0 
30.1 
25.7 
24.5 
20.8 
24.7 
26.5 
26.6 


2.00 


1925 


2.08 


1926 ._. 


2.12 


1927 


2.05 


1928 


2.02 


1929 


2.03 


1930 


2.03 


1931 


1.72 


1932 


1.51 


1933 


1.18 


1934 .. 


1.33 


1935 


1.42 


1936 2 


1.44 











i 1 gallon of sirup taken as equivalent to 8 pounds of sugar. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



' Preliminary. 



Table 150. — Maple sugar and sirup: Production, by States, average 1928- 

annual 1935 and 1936 



and 





Trees tapped 


Sugar made 


Sirup made 


State 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 > 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Maine 


1,000 

trees ■ 

255 

397 

5,510 

265 

3,461 

784 

1,232 

500 

263 

61 


1,000 

trees 
263 
391 

5,612 
236 

3,345 
664 

1,216 

423 

289 

57 


1,000 

trees 
260 
375 

5,331 
222 

3,178 
518 

1,216 

415 

289 

57 


1,000 

pounds 

17 

117 

945 

77 

425 

126 

48 

48 

9 

25 


1,000 

pounds 

J 18 

91 

900 

108 

465 

66 

15 

20 

6 

15 


1,000 

pounds 

»16 

42 

618 

25 

232 

52 

15 

21 

4 

17 


1,000 

gallons 

34 

78 

1,011 

60 

745 

217 

329 

118 

66 

24 


1,000 

gallons 

47 

101 

1,501 

75 

987 

166 

304 

98 

82 

16 


1,000 
gallons 
24 


New Hampshire. 

Vermont 


44 
889 


Massachusetts 

New York 


33 

740 


Pennsylvania 


104 


Ohio 

Michigan 


340 
96 


Wisconsin 


69 


Maryland 


19 


United States 


12, 728 


12, 496 


11,861 


1,838 


1,704 


1,042 


2,682 


3,377 


2.358 



i Preliminary. 

1 Excluding 307,000 pounds in 1935 and 325,000 pounds in 1936 in Somerset County, not produced on farms. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



120 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 151. — Honey: Monthly average price in specified locations, 19SG-36 
EXTKACTED HONEY, PER POUND 



Flavor, location, and year 



Jan. 



Feb. 



Mar. 



Apr. 



May 



June 



July 



Aug. 



Sept. 



Oct. Nov. Dec. 



California White to Water 
White Orange-. F. o. b. 
southern California 
delivery points: i 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 



New York City: 2 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

Intermountain White to 
Water White Sweet- 
clover and Alfalfa: F. 
o. b. Intermountain 
points: 3 



Cents 

mi 
74 

6 
54 



13,4 

H4 
94 



94 



1930 






74 


1931 


54 


1932 


44 


1933 


34 


1934 


44 


1935 


54 


1936 


6 


Yhite Clover: F. 
New York and 
Central States: 4 
1930 


o. b. 

North 


84 


1931 


64 


1932 


1933 


5 


1934 


64 


1935 


64 


1936 


64 


Northeastern Buckwheat: 
F. o. b. New York and 
Pennsylvania points: * 
1930 


74 


1931 




1932 . . 


54 
34 


1933—. 


1934 


44 


1935 


54 


1936 


64 



Cents 

mi 



64 

44 

134 

114 

94 

94 

9 

94 



54 

4 

54 

6 

64 



Cents 
134 

74 

54 

64 

5 

64 

64 

134 

114 
94 
94 

84 

9 

94 



Cents 
104 

m 

44 

64 

44 

6 

6 



11 
94 
84 

84 

84 

94 



Cents 
84 
64 
44 
54 
44 
54 
54 



11 
94 

84 
84 
84 
94 



su 



Cents 
8 

64 
44 
5 

54 
44 
54 

124 

104 



94 



Cents 
74 
64 
44 
44 
54 
44 
54 

124 

104 
94 
84 
94 
84 

94 



f>4 
54 

44 
4 

"54 



74 

m 

6 

5 

64 



54 



Cents 
74 
64 
44 
54 
54 
54 
64 

124 

104 
84 
84 
84 



-44 



m 



Cents 
74 
64 

44 
54 
54 
54 
64 

124 

11 
84 
84 
84 
84 
94 



54 
34 
44 

54 
54 



74 

64 

54 

6 
7 

64 
7 



64 

5 

44 

•44 

54 



Cents 



6 
54 

64 

12H 

11 
84 
S4 



64 



94 



Cents 
74 
64 
54 

oH 

64 
6 

64 

124 

104 

9 

84 
84 
84 
94 



COMB HONEY, 24-SECTION CASES 



White Clover comb, No. 


























1 and Fancy wrapped: 


























F. o. b. New York and 


























North Central States: * 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1930 


4.25 


4.00 


4.00 


4.00 


4.25 


4.00 


4.00 


4.25 


4.25 


4.00 


4.00 


3.7, 


1931 


3.80 


3.75 


3.60 


3.40 


3.25 


3.50 


3.50 


3.60 


3.75 


3.50 


3.50 


3.4( 


1932 


3.30 


3.25 


3.35 


3.25 


3.30 


3.35 


3.50 


3.15 


2. 85 


2.65 


2.70 


2.6( 


1933.... 


2.40 
2.80 
3.20 


2.40 
2.80 
3.15 


2.30 
3.00 
3.10 


2.50 
3.10 
3.25 


2.40 
3.10 
3.20 


2.50 
3.25 
3.30 


2.40 
3.15 
3.10 


2.65 
3.20 
3.15 


3.00 
3.00 
3.15 


3.00 
3.00 
3.20 


3.00 
3.00 
3.15 


2.9 


1934 


3. 3( 


1935 


3. 1( 


1936 


3.20 


3.30 


3.40 


3.30 


3.60 


3.60 


3.60 


3.60 


3.55 


3.40 


3.40 


3.5( 



1 Price to beekeepers or other shippers in large lots, mostly less than carlots. 
■ Spies by original receivers to bottlers, confectioners, bakers, and jobbers. 
3 Price to beekeepers and other shippers, mostly in carlots. 
1 Price to beekeepers in large lots, mostly less than carlots. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from the semimonthly honey market news reports issued 
by the Bureau. Extracted honey is usually sold in "eighth" fractions of a cent per pound; more rarely, 
in decimal fractions. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



121 



Table 152. — Tobacco: Acreage, -production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1986 





Acreage 

har- 
vested 


Average 

yield per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 

pound 
received 
by farm- 
ers i 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade, year beginning 
July 2 


Year 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Imports 


Net ex- 
ports 3 


1866 .. 


Acres 
394, 000 
370, 000 
369, 000 


Pounds 
803.3 
703.2 
774.5 


1,000 
pounds 
316, 495 
260, 195 
285, 795 
262, 735 
264, 000 
345, 045 
326, 520 
384, 790 
382, 430 
217.340 

609, 455 
466, 050 
620, 770 
455, 395 
472, 661 
472, 155 
469, 395 
425, 905 

578, 970 
509, 325 

579, 785 

610, 500 
608, 515 
468, 730 
660, 790 
488, 257 
524, 550 
647, 535 
747, 460 
756, 845 
766, 670 
766, S70 
745, 000 
760, 035 
703, 275 
909, 090 
868, 113 
870, 250 
851, 980 
885, 550 
959, 505 
976, 375 
856, 595 
938, 865 
972, 510 
885, 620 
835, 645 

1, 055, 765 
1, 053, 818 
1, 142, 320 

940, 935 
1,117,415 

991, 605 
1, 036, 745 
1,157.425 
1, 206. 7S5 
1, 325, 530 
1, 444, 505 
1,371,504 
1, 444, 206 
1, 509, 212 
1, 004, 928 
1, 254, 304 
1, 517, 583 
1, 106, 340 
1, 244, 928 
1, 376, 008 
1, 289, 272 
1,211,311 
1, 373, 214 


Cents 
11.6 
11.6 
12.2 


1,000 
dollars 
36, 829 
30, 176 
34, 940 


1,000 

pounds 
184, 803 
206, 021 
181, 528 


1,000 

pounds 

3,127 

4,393 

5,982 


1,000 
pounds 
182, 486 


1867 


203, 020 


1868... 


176, 163 


1869 




1869... 


395, 000 

424, 000 

420, 000 

492. 000 

513, 000 

378, 000 

746, 000 

625, 000 

789, 000 

651,000 

638, 841 

633, 000 

650, 000 

698, 000 

744, 000 

750, 000 

754, 000 

815,000 

848. 000 

722, 000 

891, 000 

695, 301 

758, 000 

851, 000 

955. 000 

1, 039, 000 

1, 096, 000 

993, 000 

1, 006, 000 

1, 038, 000 

978, 000 

1, 116, 000 

1, 101, 460 

1, 102, 000 

1, 086, 000 

1, 098, 000 

1, 189, 000 

1,212,000 

1, 026, 000 

1, 103, 000 

1, 123, 000 

1, 042, 000 

1, 009, 000 

1, 294, 911 

1, 292. 000 

1, 398, 000 

1, 133, 000 

1, 335, 000 

1, 284, 000 

1, 258, 000 

1,419,000 

1, 483, 000 

1,616,000 

1, 720, 000 

1, 861, 480 

1. 95S, 500 

1, 934, 800 

1, 339, 500 

1, 616, 200 

1, 855, 000 

1, 537, 843 

1, 702, 300 

1, 750, 700 

1, 628, 400 

1, 555, 900 

1, 864, 400 


668.4 
813.8 
777.4 
782.1 
745.5 
575.0 
817.0 
745.7 
786.8 
699. 5 
739.9 
745.9 
722.1 
610.2 
778.2 
679.1 
768.9 
749.1 
717.6 
649. 2 
741.6 
702.2 
692.0 
760.9 
782.7 
728.4 
699.5 
772.3 
740.6 
732.2 
719.1 
814.6 
788.1 
789.7 
784.5 
806.5 
807.0 
805.6 
834.9 
851.2 
866.0 
849.9 
828.2 
815.3 
815.6 
817.1 
830.5 
837.0 
772.3 
824.1 
815.7 
813.7 
820.3 
839.8 
736.8 
737.4 
780.0 
750.2 
776.1 
818.1 
719.4 
731.3 
786.0 
791.7 
778.5 
736.5 


10.9 
9.7 

10.2 

10.7 
8.6 

13.7 
7.7 
7.3 
5.4 
5.8 


28, 755 
33, 557 
33, 185 
41, 204 
33, 039 

29, 746 
46, 859 
33, 939 
33, 350 
26, 237 


1^5, 749 
215, 668 
234, 937 
213, 995 
318. 098 
223, 902 
218, 310 

282, 386 

283, 973 
322, 280 


6,257 
8,395 
9,562 
11, 023 
9,690 
6,769 
7,383 
7, 552 
7,981 
6,593 


180,015 


1870 


207, 944 


1871 


226, 176 


1872... 


204, 051 


1873 


309, 842 


1874 


218, 003 


1875 


211,670 


1876 


275, 100 


1877 


276, 401 


1878 


316, 058 


1879 




1879 


6.1 
8.1 
9.6 
8.5 
8.8 
8.1 
7.5 
7.2 
10.5 
7.9 


28, 595 
38, 098 
40. 857 
49, 048 

45, 007 

46, 996 
46, 042 
43, 865 
49, 235 
52, 304 


215,910 
227, 027 
223, 666 
235, 628 
207, 158 
230, 484 
292, 774 
304, 920 
262, 683 
223, 759 


9, 759 
7,469 
11,890 

14, 893 
12, 955 
12, 924 

15, 696 

17, 519 

18, 600 
20, 107 


207, 034 


1880 


220, 262 


1881 


212, 563 


1882 


221, 639 


1883 


195, 026 


1884. . 


218, 724 


1885 


278, 373 


1886 


288, 570 


1887 


245, 661 


1888 


205, 229 


(889. . . 




.889 


6.6 
8.0 
8.2 
8.9 
7.9 
6.6 
6.8 
5.5 
7.4 
6.1 


34, 672 
51, 528 
61, 438 
67, 284 
60, 489 
50, 927 
50,700 
41, 921 
52, 153 
55, 664 


255, 647 
249, 233 
255, 432 
266, 083 
290, 685 
300, 992 
295, 539 
314, 932 
263, 020 
283, 613 


28, 721 
23, 255 
21, 989 
28, 110 
19, 663 
26, 668 
32, 925 

13, 805 
10, 477 

14, 036 


228, 724 


1890.-.' 


227, 254 


891 


234, 587 


1892 


239, 153 


.893 


272, 983 


1894 


276, 223 


895 


266, 317 


1896.. . . 


302, 847 


897 


254, 907 


L898 


271, 559 


899 




899 


7.1 
6.7 
7.2 
6.9 
6.7 
7.8 
8.2 
9.6 
10.0 
10.2 


62, 156 
57, 215 
63, 989 
65, 804 

65, 726 

66, 533 
76, 539 
92, 878 
88, 143 
84, 844 


344, 656 
315, 788 
301, 007 
368, 184 
311,972 
334, 302 
312, 227 
340, 743 
330, 813 
287, 901 


19, 620 
26, 851 
29, 429 
34,017 
31, 163 
33, 288 
41, 126 
40, 899 
35, 005 
43, 123 


326, 939 


900 


290, 915 


901 


273, 770 


902 


337, 902 


903 


286, 335 


904 


304, 694 


905 


273, 912 


906 


302, 506 


907 


297, 657 


908 


247, 155 


909 




909 


10.1 

9.3 

9.3 

10.7 

12.8 

9.7 

9.0 

14.8 

24.0 

27.9 


106, 384 
105, 900 
87, 888 
119, 786 
126, 761 
100, 979 
104, 455 
178,511 
318, 346 
402, 960 


357, 196 
355, 327 
379, 845 
418, 797 
449, 750 
348, 346 
443, 293 
411,599 
289, 171 
629, 288 


46, 838 
48, 203 
54, 740 
67, 977 
61, 175 
45, 809 
48, 078 
49, 105 
86, 991 
83, 951 


313, 085 


910 


309, 171 


911 


327, 199 


912 


353, 575 


913 


391, 196 


914 


306, 426 


915 

916 


400, 624 
370, 987 


917 


211,962 


918 


577, 323 


919 




919... 


31.2 
17.3 
19.5 
22.8 
19.0 


451, 054 
260, 350 
196, 113 
286, 417 
288, 102 


648, 038 
506, 526 
463, 389 
454, 364 
597, 630 


94,005 
58, 923 
65, 225 
75, 786 
54, 497 


570, 858 


920 


456, 477 


921 


403, 492 


922 


384, 223 


923 


548, 287 


924 




924 


19.0 
16.8 
17.9 
20.7 
20.0 


236, 937 

230, 642 

231, 208 
250, 462 
274, 136 


430, 702 
537. 240 
516,402 
489, 996 
565, 925 


76, 870 
69, 974 
92, 983 
81,045 
79,284 1 


355, 739 


925 


468, 958 


926 


424, 651 


927 


411,366 


928 1 


489, 149 



See footnotes at end of table. 



122 

Table 152. 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

-Tobacco: Acreage, -production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 
1866-1936— Continued 





Average 

har- 
vested 


Average 

yield per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 

pound 
received 
by farm- 
ers 1 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade, year beginning 
July 2 


Year 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Imports 


Net ex- 
ports 3 


1929 


Acres 
1,888,365 
1, 980, 000 
2, 124, 300 
1, 987, 200 
1, 403, 800 
1, 738, 400 
1,237,117 
1, 278, 500 
1, 437, 100 
1, 467, 000 


Pounds 
771.3 
774.1 
775.9 

787.3 
724.7 
788.7 
825.7 
846.0 
902.7 
795.5 


1,000 
pounds 
1,456,510 
1, 532, 625 
1, 648, 229 
1, 564, 487 
1, 017, 317 
1,371,131 
1,021,449 
1, 081, 629 
1, 297, 210 
1, 167, 068 


Cents 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1929 


18.3 
12.8 
8.2 
10.5 
13.0 


280, 976 
210, 860 
128, 554 
107, 297 
178, 349 


600, 181 
591, 035 
432, 361 
399, 967 
472, 630 


63, 181 
75, 425 
73, 375 

59, 545 
* 55, 784 


541, 312 
517, 388 
359, 374 
341, 455 
416, 846 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1984 


1934 


21.3 
18.3 
21.5 


224, 699 
237, 814 
250, 364 


374, 658 
432, 668 


58, 270 
67, 895 


316, 388 
364, 773 


1935 

1936 5 











1 Prior to 1919 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

2 Compiled from Commerce andNavigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and Navi- 
gation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, Jnne is- 
sues, 1919-26; January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic 
Commerce. 

3 Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus imports. Begininng 1933 domestic exports minus imports 
for consumption. 

4 Beginning 1933, imports for consumption. 
* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



Table 153. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
pound received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 « 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 » 


1935 

Ct. 
30.1 
36.0 
10.0 
11.0 
9.6 
17.7 
6.8 
6.0 
12.2 
12.2 
20.0 
17.9 
17.1 
20.3 
18.8 
18.9 
27.6 
15.4 
13.9 


19361 


Massachusetts 


Acres 

8,100 

22, 100 

1,300 

40, 560 

47, 540 

16, 520 

37, 100 

1,580 

6,120 


Acres 

3,700 

12, 400 

300 

20,700 

25, 200 

7,600 

11, 000 

200 

4,100 

300 

37, 000 

119, 900 

2,400 

617, 700 

96,000 

72, 600 

9,800 

291, 000 

105, 200 


Acres 

4,300 

14, 500 

600 

23, 200 

23, 500 

6,400 

13, 000 

200 

3,700 

200 

37, 000 

131, 700 

1,900 

607, 000 

91, 900 

86, 600 

10, 800 

316, 000 

95,400 


Lb. 

1,376 

1,348 

1,136 

1,263 

850 

828 

1,195 

2 1, 133 

962 

"""751 
650 
736 
689 
692 
764 
883 
790 
801 


Lb. 

1,465 

1,429 

1,300 

1,376 

946 

866 

1,366 

1,150 

950 

850 

755 

874 

665 

935 

935 

950 

886 

779 

851 


Lb. 

1,485 

1,478 

1,325 

1,401 

863 

700 

1,392 

1,000 

730 

725 

800 

771 

675 

766 

810 

971 

928 

693 

798 


1,000 lb. 

11,310 

29, 829 

1,444 

48, 974 

41, 077 

13, 266 

46, 826 

1,876 

5,836 

"2i318 

98, 409 

4,224 

469, 135 

75, 918 

70, 159 

7,786 

362, 587 

114,030 


1,000 lb. 

5,420 

17, 715 

390 

28, 488 

23, 850 

6,580 

15, 025 

230 

3,895 

255 

27, 935 

104, 765 

1,596 

577, 435 

89, 760 

69, 000 

8,680 

226, 718 

89, 473 


1,000 lb. 

6,385 

21,429 

795 

32, 500 

20, 285 

4,480 

18, 096 

200 

2,701 

145 

29, 600 

101, 517 

1,282 

464, 895 

73, 710 

84, 080 

10, 020 

218, 850 

76, 098 


Ct. 
32.3 

38.7 


New York... 


10.5 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


11.5 
13.6 


Indiana 


19.3 


Wisconsin . . 


7 ?, 


Minnesota 


6 5 




18.0 


Kansas 


20.0 


Maryland 


34, 900 
158, 980 
6,040 
678, 120 
110,400 
86,900 
9,180 
467, 400 
138, 760 


21.0 


Virginia .. . 


19.9 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


25.0 
22.7 
20.0 
21.1 


Florida.. . . 


32.3 




22.5 


Tennessee . 


17.8 






United States 


1,871,940 


1,437,100 


1,467,000 


770.4 


902.7 


795. 5 


1,427,174 


1,297,210 


1,167,068 


18.3 


21.5 



> Preliminary. 

* Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



123 



Table 154. — Tobacco: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
pound received by farriers, by class and type, 1935 and 1936 



Class and type 


Type 
no. 


Acreage har- 
vested 


Yield per 
acre 


Production 


Price 

for 

crop of 




1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 » 


1935 


19361 


1935 


Flue-cured: 
Old belt . 


11 
12 
13 
14 


Acres 
330, 500 
310, 000 
154. 500 
79, 000 


Acres 
340, 000 
295, 000 
152, 000 
94,000 


Lb. 

878 
960 
963 
942 


Lb. 
750 
760 
824 
964 


1,000 lb. 

290, 330 

297, 600 

148, 845 

74, 420 


1,0001b. 
255, 000 
224, 200 
125, 255 
90, 620 


Ct. 
19.7 


Eastern North Carolina belt 

South Carolina belt 


20.9 
19.5 




18.7 








11-14 


874, 000 


881, 000 


928 


789 


811, 194 


695, 075 


20.0 






Fire-cured: 


21 
22 
23 
24 


23, 500 

83, 000 

32,500 

3,600 


24, 700 
73, 000 
31, 200 
3,000 


870 
830 
795 
840 


775 
809 
762 
730 


20, 445 
68, 900 
25, 825 
3,024 


19, 142 

59, 075 
23, 760 
2,190 


10.2 


Clarksville-Hopkinsville 


9.0 

7.4 


Henderson Stemming (Ky,) 


6.4 


Total fire-cured . 


21-24 


142, 600 


131,900 


829 


790 


118, 194 


104, 167 


8.8 






Air-cured (light): 

Burley 


31 
32 


278, 900 
37,000 


308, 800 
37, 000 


792 
755 


702 
800 


220, 923 
27, 935 


216, 773 
29, 600 


19.1 




20.0 






Total air-cured (light) 


31-32 


315, 900 


345, 800 


788 


712 


248, 858 


246, 373 


19.2 


Air-cured (dark): 

One Sucker ... 


35 
36 
37 


15, 600 
18, 000 
3,100 


15, 600 
16, 000 
3,500 


835 
845 
900 


742 
700 
750 


13, 020 
15. 210 
2,790 


11,583 
11, 200 
2,625 


8.2 


Green River (Kv.) . ... . ... 


7.3 


Virginia Sun-cured . 


11.0 






Total air-cured (dark) 


35-37 


36, 700 


35, 100 


845 


724 


31, 020 


25, 408 


8.0 


Cigar filler: 


41 

42-44 
45 


20, 500 

16, 200 

1,100 


23, 000 

14, 000 

800 


1,375 
1,075 
1,082 


1,400 

940 

1,050 


28, 188 
17,415 
1,190 


32, 200 

13, 160 

840 


11.0 


Miami Valley (Ohio).- .. 


7.2 


Georgia-Florida sun-grown 


13.5 


Total cigar filler. . 


41-45 


37, 800 


37, 800 


1,238 


1,222 


46, 793 


46, 200 


9.7 






Cigar binder: 

Connecticut Valley broadleaf... 

Connecticut Valley Havana 

seed. . 


51 

52 

53 
54 
55 


6,300 

4,100 

500 
6,000 
5,200 


7,500 

4,900 

800 
7,200 
6,000 


1,700 

1,634 

1,380 
1,400 
1,318 


1,740 

1,635 

1,369 
1,450 
1,309 


10, 710 
6,700 

690 

8,400 
6,855 


13, 051 

8,010 

1,095 
10,440 
7,856 


18.5 
17.4 


New York and Pennsylvania 
Havana seed . ... 


10.3 




6.6 


Northern Wisconsin . 


7.1 






Total cigar binder 


51-55 


22,100 


26, 400 


1,509 


1,532 


33, 355 


40, 452 


12.8 






Cigar wrapper: 

Connecticut Valley shade- 
grown.. ... 


61 

62 

61-62 


5,700 
2,300 


6,400 
2,600 


1,004 
900 


1,055 
1,015 


5,725 
2,070 


6, 753 
2,640 


85.0 


Georgia-Florida shade-grown 


65.0 


Total cigar wrapper . . 


8,000 


9,000 


974 


1,044 


7,795 


9,393 


79.7 






United States 


All 


1, 437, 100 


1,467,000 


902.7 


795.5 


1, 297, 210 


1, 167, 068 


18.3 







1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



124 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



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37, 478 
46, 126 
33, 069 

66, 838 
160,697 


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CN 1 1 
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1 1 1 1 1 CO 1 1 1 

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C3- 

II 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



125 



224, 461 
41,900 


o 1 
00 1 
1 


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ii CN i O I ' H I I i iiii iiiOi 

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r- 1 

0" ! 
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28, 357 
277 

220, 460 

""62," 3 48 

""797 

49, 000 
1, 432 

2,112 

10, 292 

is 1, 580 

16, 262 
15, 977 

3,113 
1,106 


r- h 

eo 

h"co" 
oco 

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28,812 
395 

222, 034 

7, 627 

22, 302 

1~657 

28, 825 

1,125 

742 

1,071 

3, 895 

11,321 

1,576 

is 26, 792 

14, 204 

16, 975 
607 

4,349 
1,240 


or- 
es 00 

0*0* 

SB 


30, 559 
646 

203, 524 
8,746 
32, 959 

""i,~530 

40, 536 
1,362 

3,488 

9,132 

1, 207 

15 14, 171 

9,300 

22, 487 

2,050 

9,723 
1,785 


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42, 937 
1,048 

181,959 

u 11,712 

25, 572 

u 24, 444 

712 

54, 232 
1,152 

7, 537 
7,184 
2,218 
12, 551 

16, 748 

17, 134 

» 1, 275 

1,704 

717 


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11 t- 1 1 11 




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1,004 
824 

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802 
1,159 

344 
" is" 463 

515 
580 

369 
815 


1 CN 
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1,008 

527 

"I," 724 

747 

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690 
1, 101 
1,359 

210 

400 

"""488 

15 626 

572 
625 

267 
687 


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100 


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1 CO 

10 
1 1> 


875 
731 

H874 

11 1, 827 
1,092 

12 1,211 

855 

831 

1,013 



352 

"355 

431 

528 

549 
1,034 
"480 

748 
757 




1 1 


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cn"ic 


Sumatra: European 

British North Borneo 

SOUTH AMERICA 

Brazil 

Chile 

Argentina - 

Paraguay 

Uruguay 

AFRICA 
Algeria 

Tunisia 

Libya (Tripolitania) 

Tanganyika Territory 

Nyasaland: 

Native. 

Northern Rhodesia: European 

Southern Rhodesia. 

Union of South Africa: Euro- 
pean 1« 

Mozambique 

OCEANIA 

Australia 

New Zealand 


Total, all countries report- 
ing area and production 
all years 

Estimated world total " 



0-* 



Hrr 2 O 



G 3. 



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xs 






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tn -h> co ® 

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£ P3 



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WJ3 2 



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HI 
-is* 






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0-3 



126 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 156. — Tobacco: Production, stocks, supply, disappearance, and price of 

types grown in continental United States, 1927-36 l 

FLUE-CURED, TYPES 11-14 2 







Stocks 




Disap- 


Season 






Stocks 




Disap- 


Season 




Pro- 


Oct. 1, 




pear- 


average 










pear- 


average- 


Year 


duc- 
tion 


farm- 
sales 


Total 

supply 


ance, 
begin- 


farm 
price 


Year 


duc- 


farm- 


Total 
supply 


ance, 
begin- 


farm 
price 






weight 3 




ning 
Oct. 1 


per 

pound 






weight 3 




ning 
Oct. 1 


per 

pound 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


Cents 




pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


Cents 


1927 


718.8 


538.9 


1, 257. 7 


599.8 


20.5 


1932 


373.7 


867.0 


1. 240. 7 


564.9 


11.6 


1928.... 


739.1 


657.9 


1, 397. 


708.2 


17.3 


1933 


733.4 


675.8 1.409.2 


646.2 


15.3 


1929 


750.0 


688.8 


1, 438. 8 


735.4 


18.0 


1934 


556.8 


763.0 


1,319.8 


567.2 


27.3 


1930 


865.2 


703.4 


1, 568. 6 


774.1 


12.0 


1935 


811.2 


752.6 


1, 563. 8 


692.5 


20.0 


1931 


669.5 


794.5 


1, 464. 


597.0 


8.4 


1936 *___ 


695.1 


871.3 


1, 566. 4 




22.0 









VIRGINIA FIRE-CURED, 


TYPE 21 








1927 


26.6 


66.7 


93.3 


35.1 


9.9 


1932 


13.3 


38.3 


51.6 


19.7 


8.2 


1928 


21.9 


58.2 


80.1 


43.0 


10.6 


1933 


24.9 


31.9 


56.8 


23.9 


6.9 


1929.... 


22.8 


37.1 


59.9 


26.8 


16.9 


1934 


18.4 


32.9 


51.3 


20.5 


12.2 


1930 


23.4 


33.1 


56.5 


22.5 


8.3 


1935 


20.4 


30.8 


51.2 


19.9 


10.2 


1931 


28.3 


34.0 


62.3 


24.0 


4.7 


1936*— 


19.1 


31.3 


50.4 




13.2 



KENTUCKY AND TENNESSEE FIRE-CURED, TYPE 22 



1929 


107.7 


86.6 


194.3 


103.1 


14.2 


1933.— 


78.5 


144.2 


222. 7 


92.5 


10.5 


1930 


96.9 


91.2 


188.1 


81.4 


9.9 


1934.... 


79.2 


130.2 


209.4 


60.8 


11.3 


1931 


103.9 


106.7 


210.6 


86.3 


5.8 


1935... 


68.9 


148.6 


217.5 


82.8 


9.7 


1932 


78.6 


124.3 


202.9 


58.7 


6.6 


1936 «... 


59.1 


134.7 


193.8 




12.6 



KENTUCKY AND TENNESSEE FIRE-CURED, TYPE 23 « 



1929. 
1939. 
1931. 
1932. 



47.0 


21.9 


68.9 


48.5 


10.0 


1933 


22.0 


28. 1 


50.1 


18.0 


38.5 


20.4 


58.9 


30.3 


5.6 


1934 


31.2 


32.1 


63.3 


22.8 


47.4 


28.6 


76.0 


35.3 


4.0 


1935 


25.8 


40.5 


66.3 


27.9 


28.4 


40.7 


69.1 


41.0 


4.6 


j 1936*— 


23.8 


38.4 


62.2 





HENDERSON FIRE-CURED, TYPE 24 



1927 


4.2 


8.6 


12.8 


7.4 


9.7 


1932 


3.9 


4.8 


8.7 


4.2 


3.4 


1928.— 


6.0 


5.4 


11.4 


10.6 


13.9 


1933 


3.0 


4.5 


7.5 


2.8 


6.5 


1929. ... 


9.4 


.8 


10.2 


9.3 


9.5 


1934 


3.9 


4.7 


8.6 


4.6 


8.0 


1930 


9.7 


.9 


10.6 


6.9 


6.9 


1935 


3.0 


4.0 


7.0 


3.5 


6.4 


1931 


7.2 


3.7 


10.9 


6.1 


4.0 


1936*-. 


2.2 


3.5 


5.7 





9.5 



BURLEY, TYPE 31 



1927... 
1928-.-. 

1929.... 
1930.... 
1931.... 



176.2 


525.8 


702.0 


288.7 


25.9 


1932 


303.7 


682.6 


986.3 


266.0 


269.1 


413.3 


682.4 


288.2 


30.5 


1933 


377.5 


720.3 


1, 097. 8 


277.5 


337.4 


394.2 


731.6 


293.3 


21.8 


1934 


252.2 


S20. 3 


1, 072. 5 


302.6 


349.2 


438.3 


787.5 


277.3 


15.5 


1935 


220.9 


769.9 


990.9 


309.6 


424.8 


510.2 


935.0 


252.4 


8.7 


1936 *... 


216.8 


681.2 


898.0 





SOUTHERN MARYLAND, TYPE 32 « 



1927.... 


26.2 


15.8 


42.0 


21.1 


23.4 


1932 


28.7 


32.3 


61.0 


22.1 


16.8 


1928 


20.5 


20.9 


41.4 


25.4 


27.2 


1933.... 


22.2 


38.9 


61.1 


25.1 


17.8 


1929.... 


24.8 


16.0 


40.8 


23.1 


27.7 


1934 


26.2 


36.0 


62.2 


23.6 


17.5 


1930. — 


19.6 


17.7 


37.3 


15.5 


26.6 


1935 


27.9 


38.6 


66.5 


28.0 


20.0 


1931 


28.1 


21.8 


49.9 


17.6 


15.0 


1936*— 


29.6 


38.5 


68.1 




21.0 











ONE SUCKER, TYPE 35 










1927 


13.1 


45.9 


59.0 


29.4 


10.6 


1932 


15.5 


36.8 


52.3 


19.0 


4.8 


1928...- 


20.0 


29.6 


49.6 


26.2 


12.4 


1933 


17.9 


33.3 


51.2 


16.4 


6.7 


1929.... 


29.3 


23.4 


52.7 


24.8 


10.5 


1934 


18.9 


34.8 


53.7 


21.0 


6.9 


1930 


29.7 


27.9 


67.6 


22.2 


7.0 


1935 


13.0 


32.7 


45.7 


16.9 


8.2 


1931 


22.4 


35.4 


57.8 


21.0 


3.4 


1936*-.. 


ll.fi 


28.8 


40.4 




16.3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



127 



Table 156. — Tobacco: Production, stocks, supply, disappearance, and price of 
types grown in continental United States, 1927-36 l — Continued 

GREEN RIVER, TYPE 36 







Stocks 




Disap- 


Season 






Stocks 




Disap- 


Season 




Pro- 


Oct 1 




pear- 


average 




Pro- 


Oct 1 




pear- 


average 


Year 


duc- 
tion 


farm- 
sales 


Total 

supply 


ance, 
begin- 


farm 
price 


Year 


duc- 
tion 


farm- 
sales 


Total 
supply 


ance, 
begin- 


farm 
price 






weight 3 




ning 
Oct. 1 


per 

pound 






weight 3 




ning 
Oct. 1 


per 

pound 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


Cents 




pounds 


pounds pounds 


pounds 


Cents 


1927.... 


18.1 


55.5 


73.6 


27. 5 


9.1 


1932.... 


19.8 


41.3 61.1 


19.6 


3.4 


1928. ... 


18.9 


46.1 


65.0 


29.7 


11.5 


1933 


11.1 


41.5 


62.6 


16.7 


7.9 


1929.— 


26.9 


35.3 


62.2 


35.1 


10.7 


1934.... 


18.7 


35.9 


54.6 


20.3 


8.1 


1930.... 


30.6 


27.1 


57.7 


30.0 


8.9 


1935.... 


15.2 


34.3 


49.5 


18.8 


7.3 


1931 


40.5 


27.7 


68.2 


26.9 


3.3 


1936 *.__ 


11.2 


30.7 


4L9 




14.5 



VIRGINIA SUN-CURED, TYPE 37 



1927.— 


5.5 


7.5 


13.0 


6.6 


13.1 


1932.— 


1.2 


4.4 


5.6 


1.5 


6.6 


1928 — 


5.0 


6.4 


11.4 


4.7 


10.1 


1933 


2.0 


4.1 


6.1 


3.5 


8.5 


1929 


4.1 


6.7 


10.8 


6.0 


13.2 


1934 


2.7 


2.6 


5.3 


2.6 


9.7 


1930.— 


3.4 


4.8 


8.2 


3.7 


7.7 


1935 


2.8 


2.7 


5.5 


2.8 


11.0 


1931.-.. 


3.2 


4.5 


7.7 


3.3 


5.3 


1936 *— 


2.6 


2.7 


5.3 




15.1 



PENNSYLVANIA SEEDLEAF, TYPE 41 



1927.... 


46.6 


96.4 


143.0 


46.0 


12.9 


1932 


45.9 


122.9 


168.8 


56.3 


4.7 


1928.... 


50.7 


97.0 


147.7 


51.9 


13.9 


1933 


21.4 


112.5 


133.9 


29.9 


5.0 


1929.... 


51.1 


95.8 


146.9 


54.9 


12.0 


1934 


21.2 


104.0 


125.2 


25.3 


9.3 


1930.... 


40.1 


92.0 


132.1 


45.6 


6.4 


1935 


28.2 


99.9 


128.1 


26.0 


11.0 


1931.— 


54.7 


86.5 


141.2 


18.3 


7.4 


1936 «... 


32.2 


102.1 


134.3 




11.5 



MIAMI VALLEY. TYPES 42-44 



1927.... 


12.2 


65.7 


77.9 


22.8 


15.6 


1932.... 


24.2 


66.0 


90.2 


27.8 


4.0 


1928 


15.6 


55.1 


70.7 


24.3 


17.5 


1933 


12.7 


62.4 


75.1 


11.7 


6.0 


1929 


21.5 


46.4 


67.9 


25.7 


13.8 


1934.... 


16.3 


63.4 


79.7 


13.9 


8.6 


1930.... 


32.8 


42.2 


75.0 


13.1 


10.1 


1935 


17.4 


65.8 


83.2 


23.0 


7.2 


1931.... 


33.7 


61.9 


95.6 


29.6 


5.5 


1936 *_„ 


13.2 


60.2 


73.4 




9.5 



GEORGIA AND FLORIDA SUN-GROWN, TYPE 45 « 



1929— 


1.9 


2.7 


4.6 


1.4 


20.0 


1933 


0.1 


2.5 


2.6 


0.3 


11.0 


1930— 


1.5 


3.2 


4.7 


1.3 


20.0 


1934.... 


.6 


2.3 


2.9 


.2 


12.0 


1931 


1.1 


3.4 


4.5 


1.5 


15.0 


1935 


1.2 


2.7 


3.9 


1.7 


13.5 


1932 


.2 


3.0 


3.2 


.7 


10.0 


1936*... 


.8 


2.2 


3.0 




13.5 



CONNECTICUT VALLEY BROADLEAF, TYPE 51 



1927.... 


17.0 


40.8 


57.8 


23.3 


21.0 


1932.... 


15.3 


40.3 


55.6 


14.6 


12.0 


1928.... 


16.1 


34.5 


50.6 


16.5 


21.0 


1933 


11.1 


41.0 


52.1 


12.3 


13.0 


1929 


12.1 


34.1 


46.2 


18.9 


27.4 


1934 


9.0 


39.8 


48.8 


13.3 


17.0 


1930 


19.1 


27.3 


46.4 


13.3 


25.1 


1935 — 


10.7 


35.5 


46.2 


12.1 


18.5 


1931 — 


20.1 


33.1 


53.2 


12.9 


14.0 


1936*... 


13.1 


34.1 


47.2 




20.5 



CONNECTICUT VALLEY HAVANA SEED, TYPE 52 • 



1927.... 


15.8 


46.8 


62.6 


21.7 


23.8 


1932 


17.5 


40.9 


58.4 


19.8 


8.5 


1928. ... 


17.2 


40.9 


58.1 


23.5 


24.2 


1933 


10.0 


38.6 


48.6 


10.8 


9.7 


1929.... 


18.4 


34.6 


53.0 


16.6 


31.1 


1934 


5.9 


37.8 


43.7 


12.9 


15.6 


1930— 


18.8 


36.4 


55.2 


18.2 


21.9 


1935 


6.7 


30.8 


37.5 


11.4 


17.4 


1931 


16.6 


37.0 


53.6 


12.7 


13.0 


1936 *._. 


8.0 


26.1 


34.1 




17.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 
130180—37 9 



128 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 156. — Tobacco: Production, stocks, supply, disappearance, and price of 
types grown in continental United States, 1927-36 l — Continued 

NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA HAVANA SEED, TYPE 53 » 







Stocks 




Disap- 


Season 










Disap- 


Season 


Year 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


ct. 1, 

farm- 
sales 


Total 

supply 


pear- 
ance, 

begin- 


average 
farm 
price 


Year 


Pro- 
duc- 


Oct. 1, 
farm- 


Total 

supply 


pear- 
ance, 

begin- 


average 
farm 
price 






■weight 3 




ning 
Oct. 1 


per 

pound 






weight 3 




ning 
Oct. 1 


per 

pound 




Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






Million 


Million 


Million 


Million 






pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


Cents 




pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


Cents 


1927.... 


1.9 


3.6 


5.5 


2.9 


18.0 


1932.... 


2.5 


4.4 


6.9 


2.6 


3.6 


1928 


1.6 


2.6 


4.2 


1.7 


19.3 


1933 


1.0 


4.3 


5.3 


2.2 


4.2 


1929.... 


1.4 


2.5 


3.9 


1.4 


15.3 


1934 


.4 


3.1 


3.5 


1.5 


8.2 


1930.... 


1.6 


2.5 


4.1 


.6 


11.7 


1935 


.7 


2.0 


2.7 


.7 


10.3 


1931 


2.6 


3.5 


6.1 


1.7 


9.5 


1936 4... 


1.1 


2.0 


3.1 




11.0 



SOUTHERN WISCONSIN, TYPE 54 5 



1929 


29.7 


56.3 


86.0 


29.0 


13.4 


1933 


10.5 


80.2 


90.7 


9.4 


5.5 


1930 


31.8 


57.0 


88.8 


21.7 


9.8 


1934 


7.2 


81.3 


88.5 


14.9 


6.0 


1931 


31.0 


67.1 


98.1 


17.3 


5.6 


1935 


8.4 


73.6 


82.0 


20.6 


6.6 


1932 


25.0 


80.8 


105.8 


25.6 


4.5 


1936 «... 


10.4 


61.4 


71.8 




8.0 



NORTHERN WISCONSIN, TYPE 55 5 



1929. 
1930. 
1931. 
1932. 



20.2 


39.6 


59.8 


21.7 


17.3 


1933 


5.5 


55. 1 


60.6 


12.9 


24.0 


38.1 


62.1 


12.8 


10.3 


1934 


5.3 


47.7 


53.0 


11.5 


20.0 


49.3 


69.3 


17.1 


5.1 


1935... . 


6.9 


41.5 


48.4 


15.3 


12.5 


52.2 


64.7 


9.6 


3.8 


1936 *— 


7.9 


33.1 


41.0 





4.8 
8.4 
7.1 
12.0 



CONNECTICUT VALLEY SHADE-GROWN, TYPE 61 



1927 


6.4 


7.5 


13.9 


6.1 


105.0 


1932 


4.6 


12.5 


17.1 


4.8 


59.0 


1928 


6.9 


7.8 


14.7 


7.3 


93.0 


1933...- 


4.8 


12.3 


17.1 


7. 1 


64.0 


1929.... 


10.2 


7.4 


17.6 


5.9 


56.0 


1934 


5.5 


10.0 


15.5 


6.8 


80.0 


1930 


7.7 


11.7 


19.4 


6.9 


73.0 


1935 


5.7 


8.7 


14.4 


7.6 


85.0 


1931 


5.1 


12.5 


17.6 


5.1 


82.0 


1936 «... 


6.8 


6.8 


13.6 





90.0 



GEORGIA AND FLORIDA SHADE-GROWN, TYPE 62 



1929.. 
1930.. 
1931 .. 
1932- . 



4.4 


5.6 


10.0 


3.1 


55.0 


1933.... 


1.2 


5.4 


6.6 


1.8 


3.8 


6.9 


10.7 


4.7 


60.0 


1934 


1.8 


4.8 


6.6 


1.9 


3.1 


6.0 


9.1 


3.1 


30.0 


1935 


2.1 


4.7 


6.8 


2.6 


2.4 


6.0 


8.4 


3.0 


35.0 


1936 *___ 


2.6 


4.2 


6.8 





32.0 
60.0 
65.0 
65.0 



i Data in this table are not comparable with the same tables in the 1934 and 1935 Yearbooks of Agriculture. 
Stock conversions from storage weight to farm-sales weight, have been revised on the basis of more detailed 
information. Revised data for earlier years are published in the first annual report on tobacco statistics, 
Statistical Bulletin 58, issued by this Bureau. Production 1929-35, revised June 1936. 

2 Stocks as of July 1 and disappearance beginning July 1. 

3 Stocks shown represent those held by dealers and manufacturers who are required by law to file quarterly 
reports. Farm-sales weight is calculated by converting stemmed to unstemmed and storage weight to 
farm-sales weight, by allowing for normal losses of dirt, sand, moisture, and stem in handling and preparing 
tobacco. 

* Preliminary. 

« Prior to 1929, separate data by types were not available. 

6 Stocks as of Jan. 1 of year following production, and disappearance beginning Jan. 1 of year following 
production. 

i Prior to 1929 tobacco stocks reports included Pennsylvania and New York. Pennsylvania is believed 
to refer entirely to type 41. New York is believed to include type 53 produced both in New York and 
Pennsylvania. 

8 Includes primed Havana Seed, which has not been reported separately since 1929. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; stocks prior to 1929 compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON. SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



129 



Table 157. — Tobacco: Stocks owned by dealers and manufacturers in the United 
States, first of each quarter, 1932-36 l 



Type and year 


Jan. 1 


Apr.l 


Julyl 


Oct. 1 


Type and year 


Jan. 1 


Apr. 1 


Julyl 


Oct.l 


Flue-cured, types 1 1 , 
12, 13, and 14: 

1932 

1933 

1934 


1,000 
lb. 
893, 098 
769, 497 
858, 124 
823, 213 
964, 122 

30, 352 
31,369 
23, 109 
28, 606 

27, 188 

S3, 561 
113,210 
105, 487 
115,317 
119,790 

28, 295 
39, 734 
39, 797 
27, 691 
35, 848 

3,183 
3,109 
3,591 
2,677 
3,300 

490, 614 
619, 690 
585, 252 
690, 944 
699, 183 

20,998 
31,325 
37, 989 
34, 760 
37, 647 

31, 680 
?*. 054 

27,DS4 
27,992 
30, 481 

26, 953 
33, 791 
35,101 
29,864 
29, 377 

3,174 
3,397 
2,284 
1,893 
2,060 

66, 310 
99, 011 
91,672 
84. 881 
79,904 


1,000 
lb. 
845, 642 
680, 280 
785, 207 
731,516 
873, 848 

40, 711 
35, 820 
37, 643 

34, 151 
35, 089 

115, 379 
143, 790 
136, 387 
149, 492 
154,429 

40, 100 
54,444 

47, 748 
43, 010 

48, 060 

5,234 
8,335 
4,811 
4, 587 
4,600 

702, 834 
744, 164 
829, 593 
790, 426 
731, 168 

19, 559 
29,247 
31,921 
32, 115 
31, 365 

45, 106 
40, 941 
41, 178 
40,823 
34, 265 

38, 957 
44,006 
37, 681 
37, 235 
34, 648 

4,635 
3, 606 
4,467 
3,003 
3,480 

115,064 
99, 956 
96, 162 
93. 590 

100, 959 


1,000 
lb. 
745, 207 
578, 157 
652, 064 
641, 840 
747, 097 

36,243 
31,514 
32, 23G 
30, 161 
31, 055 

128, 965 
148,311 
136, 532 
155,714 
143,777 

48, 014 
48, 057 
43, 816 
41, 591 

40, 078 

5,186 
5,605 
4,096 
3,785 
3,994 

651, 166 
677, 589 
764, 143 
726, 937 
658, 225 

21, 677 

28, 444 

29, 597 

29, 305 
28, 835 

37, 495 
36, 677 
35, 700 
35, 321 

30, 465 

36,952 

41, 508 
35, 725 
33, 383 
32, 196 

4,207 
3,228 
2.496 
2,634 
2,593 

114,702 
99, 520 

97, 084 
96, 310 

98. 506 


1,000 
lb. 
720, 508 
605, 710 
759, 422 
798, 366 
850, 254 

32, 216 

26, 906 

27, 669 

25, 968 

26, 379 

119,480 
138, 565 
125, 128 
142, 794 
129, 468 

39, 046 
26, 962 
30, 897 

38, 953 
36, 957 

4,147 
4,006 
4,164 
3,525 
3,119 

586, 560 
615. 930 
700, 851 
660, 810 
586, 628 

30, 670 

40, 488 

35, 578 

39, 331 

41, 241 

33, 710 
30, 461 
31,893 
29,999 

26, 243 

36,305 

36, 574 
31,655 
30, 270 

27, 089 

3,358 
3,241 
2,030 
2,076 
2,137 

107, 683 
99,312 
91,812 
88. 556 
90, 495 


Ohio dear leaf (Mi- 
ami Valley), types 
42, 43, and 44: 
1932 __ 


1,000 
lb. 

48, 572 
56, 341 
54, 291 
53, 486 
53, 560 

2,097 
2,063 
1,503 
1,457 
1,783 

26, 415 

19, 668 

20. 487 
20, 929 
35, 400 

29, 501 
35, 099 
35,238 
35, 412 
32, 133 

33, 849 
35,818 
34, 486 
33, 420 
28, 457 

2,864 
3,335 
4,136 
2,620 
1,910 

95, 964 
115, 587 
120, 319 
113,031 

98.088 

10, 908 
11,302 

10, 821 

11, 082 
9,418 

4,825 
4,801 
3,958 
3,372 
3,508 

2,864 
2,270 
2,184 
1,805 
1,441 


1,000 
lb. 

55, 605 
57,463 

55, 477 
64, 085 

56, 418 

2,188 
1,938 
1,352 
1,376 
1,633 

25, 647 
19,318 
21,162 
23, 13C 

40, 899 

36, 505 
35, 667 
37,834 

37, 463 
33, 178 

41, 753 

38, 643 
35, 651 
33, 949 
27, 889 

4,455 
?,255 
3,382 
2.423 
2,207 

114, 686 
117,557 
119, 506 
118, 746 
99, 776 

11, 504 

10, 865 
10,238 
9.736 
8,537 

4,407 
4,218 
3,439 
2.966 
3,224 

2,927 
2,095 
2, 339 
1,724 
1.272 


1,000 
lb. 

61,424 
57, 326 

56, 727 
62, 736 

57, 467 

2,277 
1,839 
1,135 
739 
1,407 

23, 470 

18, "<32 

19, 49C 

20, 677 
47, 543 

36, 783 
38. 961 
39,126 
36, 468 
33,449 

40. 854 
38, 329 
36, 254 
31, 166 
26, 155 

4,370 
3,932 
3,102 
2,087 
2.076 

128, 423 
127, 225 
121, 738 
112, 488 
95,870 

10, 720 
10, 452 
9, 576 
8,304 
7,151 

3,616 
3,930 
3,039 
2,545 
2,332 

2,551 
2,043 
1,996 
1,727 


1,000 
lb. 


1935 


57, 763 


1936 


1933 ._ 


54, 623 


Virginia fire-cured, 


1934 


55, 353 


type 21: 


1935 


57, 584 


1932 


1936 . 


52, 560 


1933 


Georgia and Florida 
sun-grown, type 
45: 
1932 


1934 




1935 




1936 


2,025 
1,722 


Kentucky and Ten- 


1933 


nessee fire-cured. 


1934 


1,620 


tvpe 22 (eastern 


1935 


2,049 


district): 


1936 . . 


1,538 


1932 


Puerto Rican cigar 
leaf, type 46: 
1932 




1933 




1934 


20,336 


1935 




17, 831 
18,502 


1936 


1934 


Kentucky and Ten- 


1935 


19, 691 


nessee fire-cured, 


1936 


44, 550 


type 23 (western 
district): 

1932 


Connecticut Broad- 
leaf, type 51: 
1932 






36, 647 




1933 






37, 450 




1934 






36, 201 




1935 






32, 604 




1936 -- 




Henderson fire-cured 

(stemming), type 24: 

1932 


31, 434 


Connecticut Havana 
seed, type 52: 
1932 






37, 092 


1934 


1933 


35,048 


1934 


34, 403 


1936 -- 


1935 

1936 


28, 043 


Burley, type 31: 

1932 

1933 


23, 969 


New York and 
Pennsylvania Ha- 
vana seed, type 
53: 
1932 




1934 




1935 




1936 


3, 881 


Southern Maryland, 
type 32: 
1932 


1933 


3,761 


1934 


2,704 


1935 


1,751 


1933 


1936 


1,732 


1934 


Wisconsin cigar leaf, 
types 54 and 55: 
1932 




1935 




1936 -. 


121, 273 




1933 _. 


124, 192 


1932 


1934 


118,656 


1933 


1935. 


106, 102 


1934 


1936 ..- 


86, 950 


1935 


Connecticut shade- 
grown, type 61: 
1932 






Green River, type 36: 
1932 


10, 902 


1933 


10, 730 


1933 


1934 


8,688 


1934 


1935 


7,624 


1935 


1936 


5,948 


1936 


Georgia and Florida 
shade-grown, type 
62: 
1932 




Virginia sun-cured, 
type. 37: 
1932 


5,162 


1933 


1933 


4,634 


1934 


1934 


4,170 


1935 


1935. 


4,090 


1936 


1936 


3, 590 


Pennsylvania seed- 
leaf, type 41: 
3932 


Misce'laneous do- 
mestic, type 70: 2 
1932.. 


2,182 


1933 


1933 


2.065 


1934 


1934 


2,287 


1935 


1935.. 


2.889 


1936 


1936 


940 


998 



i Storage order basis, including some tobacco which has been stemmed. 

J Oct. 1, 1935, and Jan. 1, 1936, segregated into type 71, eastern Ohio; type 72, Perique; type 73, Philip- 
pine Islands (Manila); and type 74, other miscellaneous domestic. Beginning Apr. 1, 1936. segregated into 
type 71, eastern Ohio; type 72, Perique; and type 73, other miscellaneous domestic; Philippine Islands 
(Manila) classified as type 83, under foreign-grown cigar leaf. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



130 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 158. — Tobacco: Leaf used in the manufacture of cigars, cigarettes, and 
tobacco and snuff, in the United States, 1919-35 i 



Calendar year 


Cigars 


Cigarettes 


Tobacco 
and snufi 




Large 


Small 


Large 


Small 


Total 


1919 „„ 


1,000 
pounds 

148, 778 
166, 361 
140, 659 

149, 363 
157, 837 
151, 356 
147, 531 
151.049 
151, 049 

149. 993 

150, 878 
136, 750 
126,611 
103, 234 
103, 954 
110, 203 
113,066 


1,000 

pounds 
2, 726 ' 
2.236 
2,569 
2,346 
1,915 
2,057 
1,471 
1,322 
1,461 
1,297 
1,251 
1,151 
1,017 
1,054 
745 
920 
676 


1,000 
pounds 
151 
138 
135 
142 
157 
138 
145 
109 
96 
88 
93 
65 
43 
18 
17 
882 
14 


1,000 
pounds 
166, 632 
146, 769 
158, 201 
169, 455 
200.238 
217,562 
244, 170 
267, 475 
290, 368 
310,071 
345, 450 
347, 850 
329. 920 
299, Oil 
326, 076 
374, 501 
399, 444 


1,000 
pounds 
330, 097 

324, 478 
310,687 

325, 510 
328, 889 
322, 745 
325. 109 
317,399 
301,314 
293. 176 
297, 954 

293, 990 

294, 813 
286, 817 
279, 876 
289, 024 
262, 732 


1,000 
poundt 
648, 384 
639, 982 
612 251 


1920 


1921 


1922 


646 816 


1923 


689, 036 
693, 858 
718 426 


1924 


1925 


1926 


737, 354 
744. 288 


1927 


1928 


754 625 


1929.... 


796, 626 


1930 


779, 806 


1931 


752 404 


1932 


690 134 


1933 


710, 668 
775, 530 
775, 932 


1934 


1935 





1 The quantities given are unstemmed equivalent of all kinds of tobacco used. Stemmed leaf and scraps, 
etc., used in manufacturing have been converted to unstemmed equivalent at the ratio of 3 pounds stemmed 
to 4 pounds unstemmed; in respect to leaf used in the manufacture of tobacco and snuff, prior to 1928 no 
conversion factor was used, but in this table all figures are compiled on the conversion basis named. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from annual reports of the Commissioner of Internal 
Revenue, Treasury Department. 

Table 159. — Tobacco products: Cigars, cigarettes, chewing, smoking, and snuff, 
manufactured in the United States, 1919-35 



Cal- 
endar 
year 



1919.... 
1920.... 
1921.... 
1922.... 
1923.... 
1924.... 
1925.... 
1926.... 
1927.... 
1928.... 
1929.... 
1930.... 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934.... 
1935.... 



Cigars 



Weighing 
more than 
3 pounds 
per 1,000 



Thou- 
sands 

7, 072, 357 

8, 096, 759 
6, 726, I 
6, 722, 354 
6, 950, 247 
6, 597, 677 
6, 463, 193 
6, 498. 641 
6,519,005 
6, 373, 182 
6, 518, 533 
5, 893, 890 
5, 347, 921 
4, 382, 723 
4, 300, 045 
4, 525, 780 
4. 685, 370 



Weigh- 
ing not 
more 
than 3 
pounds 
per 1,000 



Thou- 
sands 
713, 236 
633, 222 
670, 483 
632, 907 
505, 305 
530,714 
447, 089 
412,315 
439, 419 
415, 535 
419,880 
383, 070 
338, 997 
278, 749 
209, 515 
221, 977 
177, 822 



Ciearettes 



Weigh 
ing more 

than 3 
pounds 
per 1,000 



Thou- 
sands 
31,889 
28, 039 
14,518 
17, 450 
18.066 
16,054 
17, 429 
13, 240 
11, 432 
10, 403 
9.952 
7,367 
5,160 
3,374 
2,846 
88,202 
2,504 



Weighing 

not more 

than 3 

pounds 

per 1,000 



Thousands 
53, 119, 784 
47. 430, 105 
52, 085, 012 
55, 763, 023 
66, 715, 830 
72, 708, 989 
82, 247, 100 
92, 096, 974 
99, 809, 032 
108, 705, 506 

122, 392, 381 

123, 802, 186 
117,062,504 
106, 632, 434 
114, 874, 217 
129, 976, 334 
139, 966, 180 



Chewing 



Plug 


Twist 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


pounds: 


141,038 


11,290 


13S.563 


11, 766 


113,384 


9, 261 


120, 174 


10, 948 


120, 799 


10, 665 


111,477 


9,902 


111,391 


9,750 


109, 766 


9,179 


103, 918 


7,988 


100, 646 


8,892 


96, 744 


8,188 


86,274 


7,624 


76, 553 


6,378 


61,945 


4,918 


61, 362 


5,042 


62, 760 


5,080 


60,589 


5,604 



Fine- L 



cut 



Scrap 2 



1,000 1,000 
pounds pounds 



8,166 


8,681 


6, 893 


6, 893 


7,141 


6,780 


7,151 


6, 985 


6,287 


5,186 


5,556 


5,089 


4,170 


3,355 


3,120 


2, 970- 


4,683 



61, 235 
50, 0S0 
44, 725 
44, 786 
44, 007 



Smok- 
ing J 



1.000 
pounds 

228, 567 
219, 271 
222, 723 
243. 355 
234, 944 

246, 990 

247, 740 
246, 439 
237, 934 
231, 134 

229. 585 
232, 013 
182. 947 

190. 987 

191, 766 
193, 076 
191, 750 



Snuff 



1,000 
pounds 
35, 00S 
34, 349 

34, 690 
38, 136 
39,228 

39, 029 
37,841 

38, 227 
40. 197 

40, 475 
41. 127 
40, 766 

39, 854 

35, 994 
36, 098 

36, 894 
36, 095 



Total 

chew- 
ing, 

smok- 
ing, 
and 

snuff 



1.000 
pounds 
424, 069 
412, 630 
386, 951 
419, 506 

412, 777 
414, 178 

413, 873 
410. 596 
396, 324 
386, 333 
381,200 
371, 766 
371, 237 
347, 279 
342, 113 
345, 566 
342, 728 



i Cigars produced in and removed for domestic consumption from bonded manufacturing warehouses are 
Dot included. 
1 Prior to 1931, scrap chewing was included with smoking tobacco. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from annual reports of the Commissioner of Internal 
Revenue, Treasury Department. 



STATISTICS OF COTTON, SUGAR, AND TOBACCO 



131 



Table 160. — Tobacco, unmanufactured: International trade, average 1925-29, 

annual 1932-85 



Country 



PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United States 

Netherland India 

Greece. .. 

Turkey 

Brazil.. 

Bulgaria 

Philippine Islands 

Cuba 

British India 

Dominican Republic- 
Algeria.. . 

Paraguay 

Hungary 

Union of Soviet Social- 
ist Republics 

Yugoslavia 

Ceylon 

Total 

PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Germany 

United Kingdom 

China 

Manchuria 

France 

Netherlands 

Spain 

Belgium.. 

Czechoslovakia 

Poland 

Austria 

Argentina.. 

Australia 7 ... 

Canada 

Egypt 

Italy 

Switzerland 

Japan 

Sweden 

Denmark 

Irish Free State 

Finland 

Norway 

Total 



Calendar year 



Average 1925-29 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 
vounds 
525, 232 
170, 071 
109, 224 
78, 023 
67, 864 
57, 616 
47, 940 
42, 279 
40, 432 
36,528 
33, 841 
14, 252 
12, 392 

9,873 
4,994 
2,243 



1. 252, 804 



679 
6,211 
24, 737 
( 6 ) 

403 

3,115 

37 

82 

7 

723 

2,111 

417 

7 

5,376 



7,333 

92 

2,952 

166 

2 

269 







Im- 
ports 



1,000 

vounds 

78, 243 

11,967 

340 



3,869 



674 



16, 192 



10, 374 

*223 

7,393 





7GG 
70 



129, 811 



217, 778 
202, 589 
104,548 
( 6 ) 

92. 321 
70, 090 
53, 921 
45, 005 
38, 996 
33, 809 
31, 367 
23, 945 
21, 622 
17, 058 
16, 639 

16. 165 

13. 166 
12, 832 
12,1 
11,835 

8,934 
7,094 
5,037 



1932 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 
vounds 
411, 159 
163, 604 
77, 827 
63, 589 
59, 189 
45, 176 
50, 521 
36, 869 
31, 426 
9,779 
24, 814 
13, 958 
26, 711 

6,991 

12, 821 

1,622 



1, 036, 056 



548 

9,393 

* 13, 111 

2,079 

2,091 

4,228 



551 



92 

1,753 

627 



11, 195 



7,916 

304 

1,415 

153 

21 

276 







Im- 
ports 



1,000 

vounds 

56, 905 

10, 656 

«46 



1,529 



1,870 



15, 910 



12, 300 

*81 

1,312 



369 
673 



101, 651 



179, 057 
166, 126 
5 79,757 
15, 511 
106, 583 
71, 925 
88,211 
49, 132 
22, 279 
18, 792 
24, 004 

13, 758 
15, 119 
10, 262 
12, 548 

8,833 
16, 097 
8,321 
9,730 

14, 565 
6,727 
5,079 
5,040 



1933 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 
vounds 
438, 936 
107, 748 
76, 594 
57, 170 
44, 063 
49, 629 
39,047 
29,921 
36, 560 
12, 476 
29, 785 
* 13.796 
20, 189 

11,614 
10, 176 
2,166 



979, 870 



672 

10,128 

20, 905 

1.069 

1,202 

3, 934 



203 



83 

3,566 

576 



13, 877 



8,328 

37 

3,135 

219 

10 

336 







54, 719 1, 056, 850 55, 753 947, 456 68, 280 956, 050 71, 071 937, 829 60, 105 905, 009 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 

vounds 

57, 253 

5,549 

«58 



1,371 

1 

3,679 



12, 027 



5,422 

<215 

2,142 


221 
721 



185, 662 

201, 200 

54, 591 

33. 992 

85,850 

76, 673 

63, 151 

44, 147 

30, 060 

15, 832 

24, 506 

22, 299 

14, 632 

9,511 

12, 019 

6,347 

18, 560 

8,927 

15,119 

16,516 

5,475 

6,053 

4,928 



1934 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 
vounds 
440, 866 
97, 935 
82, 459 
39, 656 
68,653 
45, 923 
31, 049 
26,881 
35, 807 
21, 423 
19, 876 
9,172 
23,208 

9,813 
1,659 
2,719 



957,099 



567 

8,217 

32, 750 

842 

1,031 

442 



376 



49 

2,868 

501 



8,770 



10, 273 



3,269 

313 

126 

677 







Im- 
ports 



1,000 

vounds 

57, 786 

3,161 

'50 



* 1, 620 



1,270 



9,246 



5,997 



1,233 



623 
1,012 



81,1 



201, 683 
220, 608 
70, 303 
37, 721 
61, 363 
66, 121 
39, 816 
43, 625 

10, 264 
15, 602 
20, 753 
19, 931 

11, 634 
8,602 

12, 531 
6,616 

15, 137 
17, 484 
8,857 
17,285 
19, 325 
7,166 
5,402 



1935 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 
vounds 
396, 330 
i 86.416 
111, 178 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 

vounds 

63, 296 

* 1, 376 



72, 670, 
53, 546 ' 
49, 411 



30, 



21, 002 

9,837 

13, 408 

1,972 



882, 451 



73 

9,060 
29, 915 



408 

3,562 





1,561 
489 


7,667 





1 

3,697 



235 





12, 350 



7,206 



2,385 

4,888 

14 

926 

92, 441 



201, 201 

240, 427 

17, 766 



73,935 
61, 095 
61,038 
43, 810 
25, 251 
15, 582 
21, 769 
15, 984 
17, 041 
6,544 
12, 933 



15, 856 
19, 921 
14, 936 

16, 524 
11, 100 

6,520 
5,776 



i Preliminary. 

2 Java and Madura only. 

3 3-year average. 

4 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 
* Manchuria not included after June 30, 1932. 

e Not shown prior to 1932. 
7 Year ended June 30. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted, 
eaf, stems, and strippings, but not snuff. 



Tobacco comprises 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



Table 161. — Almonds: Production and season average price per ton received by 
farmers, California, 1927-36 



Item 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


19361 


Production short tons.. 

Price dollars. _ 

Farm value 1,000 dol.. 


12, 000 

320 

3,840 


14, 000 

340 

4,760 


4, 700, 

480 

2,256 


13, 500 

200 

2,700 


14, 800 

176 

2,605 


14, 000 

165 

2,310 


12, 900 

186 

2,399 


10, 900 

180 

1,962 


9,300 

280 

2,604 


7,100 

402 

2,854 



1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 165. 

Table 162. — Apples: Production, price, carlot shipments, and foreign trade, 

United States, 1919-36 





Production 






Production of 


Foreign trade, year beginning July 


2 3 












dried and 
canned apples 




































Season 
average 


Carlot 
ship- 


in terms of 
fresh fruit 


Domestic exports 


Im- 


Net exports * 








price per 


ments 












ports, 
fresh 






Year 






bushel 


from 




















Com- 


received 


crop of 












and 




Per- 




Total 


mer- 


by 


year 








Dried, 


Canned 


dried 








cial i 


farmers 


shown 








m 


in 


in 




age of 












Dried 


Canned 


Fresh s 


terms 


terms 


terms 


Total 




1,000 














of 

fresh 6 


of 

fresh 


of 
fresh 




Suc- 
tion 




1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Per- 




bushels 


bushels 


Dollars 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


cent 


1919 


136, 561 
























1919.... 


140, 786 


81, 521 


1.75 




8,604 


5,100 


3,152 


1, 724 




889 


3,987 


2.8 


1920— 


207, 313 


103,107 


1.22 


67, 282 


5,979 


8,400 


7,995 


2,633 




162 


10, 466 


5.0 


1921.... 


95, 478 


66, 274 


1.64 


58, 148 


4,025 


3,300 


3,282 


1,813 




1,410 


3,686 


3.9 


1922.... 


189, 776 


101, 282 


1.02 


68, 299 


7,292 


6,500 


5,269 


1,869 




195 


6,943 


3.7 


1923.... 


180, 968 


109, 917 


1.13 


84, 452 


5,717 


6,100 


12, 295 


4,435 


191 


131 


16, 789 


9.3 


1924.... 


152,967 
























1924.... 


160, 049 


87, 681 


1.21 


62, 566 


7,000 


6,100 


9,604 


2,804 


562 


106 


12, 863 


8.0 


1925— 


151,752 


100, 123 


1.25 


76, 983 


6,125 


7,800 


11,015 


3,621 


538 


74 


15, 101 


10.0 


1926—. 


"227,043 


121,481 


.90 


80, 704 


7,263 


7,800 


21, 292 


4,764 


675 


85 


26, 647 


11.7 


1927—. 


115,625 


78, 327 


1.40 


58, 346 


5,133 


5,500 


9,430 


3,165 


573 


155 


13,013 


11.3 


1928— 


176, 721 


107, 860 


1.08 


80, 184 


9,946 


10, 500 


21,042 


7,295 


1,151 


117 


29, 372 


16.6 


1929.... 


126, 433 
























1929— 


133,318 


87, 955 


1.39 


63, 974 


7,350 


6,700 


10, 279 


3,466 


836 


312 


14, 269 


10.7 


1930— 


153, 372 


102, 058 


1.02 


71, 472 


7,496 


6,600 


20, 340 


5,559 


640 


103 


26, 437 


17.2 


1931 


202, 477 


106, 025 


.65 


63, 079 


6,935 


4,600 


18, 030 


4,602 


695 


82 


23, 246 


11.5 


1932 


7140,775 


85, 575 


.60 


49, 544 


7,248 


5,200 


13, 754 


5,690 


748 


6 


20, 186 


14.3 


1933 


142, 981 


74, 962 


.78 


40, 178 


7,146 


5,355 


12, 261 


6,297 


439 


• 13 


18, 985 


13.3 


1934.... 


120, 670 


73, 534 


.88 


43, 703 


5,746 


6,241 


8,062 


3,571 


561 


28 


12, 166 


10.1 


1935— 


7167,283 


93, 866 


.71 


42, 852 


6,796 


5,856 


12, 239 


5,032 


900 


5 


18, 166 


10.9 


1936 9 


108, 031 


67, 945 


1.01 


10 37,445 





































i Included in total crop. By commercial crop is meant that portion of the total crop which is sold for 
consumption as fresh fruit. 

2 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June issues, 1919-26; 
January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 

3 Dried and canned are converted to terms of fresh apples on following basis: 1 pound of dried is equivalent 
to about 7 pounds fresh; 1 pound of canned is equivalent to about 2 pounds fresh; 48 pounds fresh equal 1 
bushel. No reexports reported. 

* Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus imports. Beginning 1933 domestic exports minus imports 
for consumption. 

5 Comprises barrels, baskets, and boxes; does not include "apple waste." 

6 Beginning January 1933, includes "apple waste," not separately reported prior to this date. 

7 Includes 6,724,000 bushels in 1926, 220,000 bushels in 1932, and 1,017,000 bushels in 1935, not harvested on 
account of market conditions. Prices are computed on the harvested crop. 

s Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 

9 Preliminary. 

io December forecast of total shipments from 1936 crop. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. Production of dried apples as 
reported by Giannini Foundation, Berkeley, Calif. Production of canned apples as reported by trade 
sources. 

132 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



133 



Table 163. — Apples: Production and season average price per bushel received by 
farmers, by States, average 1928-32, and annual 1985 and 1986 





Production 


Pric 
crop 


efor 


State and division 


Total 


Commercial ' 


of- 




Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936» 


Average, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 2 


1935 


1936 2 




1,000 

bushels 

1,830 

887 

834 

2,796 

328 

1,112 

19,012 

3,295 

9,584 


1,000 

bushels 

893 

656 

708 

2,418 

322 

805 

16, 875 

4,200 

11, 440 


1,000 

bushels 

576 

292 

204 

1,716 

207 

796 

10, 200 

2,850 

7,072 


1,000 

bushels 

1,147 

594 

539 

1,991 

218 

740 

12, 786 

2,238 

3,763 


1,000 

bushels 

588 

490 

502 

1,829 

245 

621 

9,840 

2,730 

4,504 


1,000 

bushels 

400 

226 

151 

1,311 

158 

594 

7,378 

1,938 

2,890 


Dollars 

0.94 

1.07 

1.13 

1.02 

1.01 

1.01 

.82 

.82 

.75 


Dollars 
1.47 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


1.66 
1.71 
1.46 




1.64 




1.52 




1.25 




1.00 




1. 15 








39, 680 


38, 317 


23,913 


24, 017 


21, 349 


15, 046 


.83 


1.23 






Ohio . -.- --------- 


6,538 

1,819 

4, 545 

6,641 

1,801 

918 

1,598 

2,434 

144 

491 

1,036 


7,952 
1,903 
7,624 
9,177 
2,520 
1,246 
2,079 
4,425 
120 
475 
1,300 


2,660 

487 

1,696 

6,864 

1,100 

454 

901 

649 

20 

236 

225 


3,920 
642 

3,085 

4,190 
399 
98 
290 

1,243 


3,000 
570 

5,603 

5,320 
540 
252 
416 

2,250 


1,045 
180 
1,270 
4,462 
288 
82 
184 
343 


.76 
.82 
.68 
.64 
.63 
.73 
.78 
.78 
1.06 
1.01 
.90 


1.41 




1.32 




1.32 




1. 11 




1.30 




1.52 




1.62 




1.55 




1.69 




206 
690 


250 

884 


119 
153 


1.51 




1.69 






North Central 


27, 964 


38, 821 


15, 292 


12, 763 


19, 085 


8,126 


.72 


1.28 








1,373 
2,053 
13, 160 
6,947 
3,411 
251 
1,022 


1,418 
2,412 
16, 695 
5,610 
3,975 
276 
855 


1,365 
1,810 
7,750 
3,520 
2,590 
220 
851 


1,069 
1,286 
8,228 
3,690 
641 


1,008 

1,300 

10, 710 

3,060 

779 


1,078 
1,188 
5,502 
2,304 

514 


.72 
.61 
.70 
.71 
.75 
1.11 
1.11 


.85 




.97 




.97 




1.11 




1.10 




1.19 


Georgia - --. 


371 


284 


304 


1.21 








28, 217 


31, 241 


18, 106 


15, 286 


17, 141 


10, 890 


.72 


1.02 








2,273 

1,942 

640 

161 

1,763 

20 

347 

148 


1,496 

1,064 

525 

145 

1,645 

13 

382 

177 


572 

1,140 

576 

160 

455 

14 

15 

105 


368 
270 


204 
126 


91 

165 


.85 

.94 
1.14 
1.23 

.79 
1.17 

.90 
1.16 


1.22 




.99 




1.07 










1.33 




904 


893 


273 


1.36 




1.33 




55 


76 


3 


1.57 




1.48 












South Central - 


7,293 


5,447 


3,037 


1,597 


1,299 


532 


.90 


1.14 








517 

5,066 

50 

2,019 

843 

79 

803 

52 

33, 510 

5,082 

'10,156 


465 

3 5, 934 

51 

1,590 

687 

71 

543 

49 

30, 678 

3,500 

9,889 


112 

3,102 

20 

1,972 

812 

70 

708 

53 

27, 520 

4,368 

8,946 


386 
4,088 


300 
3,800 


77 
2,256 


.74 
.64 

1.21 
.69 

1.19 

1.43 
.88 

1.29 
.63 
.66 
.37 


1.43 




1.15 




1.80 


Colorado 


1,874 
590 
27 
559 


1,367 

451 

27 

392 


1,734 
580 
28 
511 


1.14 




1.50 




1.65 


Utah 


1.09 




1.55 


Washington 


27, 767 
3,410 
5,531 


21,362 
2,131 
5,162 


20, 600 
2,808 
4,757 


.81 




.87 


California - 


.42 






Western ... 


3 58, 178 


3 53, 457 


47, 683 


44, 233 


34, 992 


33, 351 


.60 


.80 






United States 


3 161,333 


3 167, 283 


108, 031 


97, 895 


93, 866 


67, 945 


.71 


1.01 







1 Included in total crop. By commercial crop is meant that portion of the total crop which is sold for 
consumption as fresh fruit. 

2 Preliminary. 

* Includes 220,000 bushels in 1932 and 1,017,000 in 1935 not harvested on account of market conditions. 
Prices are computed on the harvested crop. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



134 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 164. — Apples: Census enumeration of trees not of bearing age and trees of 
bearing age, 1920, 1925, 1980, and 1935 





1920 


1925 


1930 


1935 


State and division 


Trees 

not of 

bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Trees 

not of 

bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Trees 

not of 

bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Trees 

not of 

bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Maine 


512, 217 
227, 933 
254, 029 
791, 771 
71, 375 
266, 405 


2,833,304 
721, 130 
712, 594 

1, 218, 870 
173, 110 
692, 569 


435, 091 
236, 602 
175, 936 
756, 897 
57, 481 
295, 939 


2, 441, 937 
620, 412 
559, 046 

1, 402, 223 
165. 856 
701, 160 


258, 956 
245, 865 
256, 084 
697, 440 
54, 016 
266, 976 


1, 731, 981 
460, 076 
614, 799 

1, 301, 977 
150, 072 
540, 117 


152, 541 
160, 642 
182, 189 
425, 675 
36, 941 
213, 906 


1, 064, 528 


New Hamsphire... 
Vermont 


551, 161 
492, 824 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 


1, 616, 721 
178, 594 
788, 703 


New England ... 


2, 123, 730 


6, 351, 577 


1, 957, 946 


5, 890, 634 


1, 779, 337 


4, 799, 022 


1, 171, 894 


4, 692, 531 


New York 


2, 932, 281 

811, 256 

2, 628. 053 


9, 636, 698 
1, 149, 776 
6, 988, 594 


2, 422, 156 

827, 078 

2, 078, 469 


9, 468, 661 
1, 421, 736 
6, 726, 473 


2, 017, 203 

565, 537 

1, 616, 353 


8, 284, 507 
1, 530, 637 
6, 244, 104 


1, 415, 257 

310, 590 

1, 152, 603 


7, 683, 831 


New Jersey. 

Pennsylvania 


1, 495, 858 
5, 859, 880 


Middle Atlantic. 


6, 371, 590 


17, 775, 068 


5, 327, 703 


17, 616, 870 


4, 199, 093 


16, 059, 248 


2, 878, 450 


15, 039, 569 


Ohio 


2, 047, 687 
929, 160 

1, 825, 886 

2, 050, 229 
825, 258 


5, 970, 410 
3, 427, 81G 
5, 113, 063 
5, 615, 905 
2, 321, 860 


2, 066, 338 

1, 046, 302 

2, 636, 634 
1, 871, 434 

702, 456 


5, 354, 089 
2, 783, 391 
4,129,330 
5, 544, 840 
2, 204, 326 


1, 939, 271 

785, 728 

1, 754, 929 

1,393,611 

476, 241 


4, 660, 680 
2, 139, 166 
3, 718, 007 
5, 199, 890 
1, 959, 996 


1, 431, 839 
548, 579 
905, 701 

1, 027, 674 
383, 431 


5, 263, 237 




2, 205, 891 


Illinois 


3, 949, 228 


Michigan 


5, 712, 198 


Wisconsin 


1, 862, 047 






East North Cen- 
tral 


7, 678, 220 


22, 449, 054 


8, 323, 164 


20, 015, 976 


6, 349, 780 


17, 677, 739 


4, 297, 224 


18,993,411 






Minnesota 


637, 187 
767, 351 
1, 585, 823 
19, 694 
136, 082 
401, 788 
618, 142 


1, 596, 264 

2, 996, 469 

5, 162, 859 

26, 157 

255, 637 

961,313 

1, 508, 042 


354, 197 

744, 429 

1, 772, 077 

14, 533 

79, 560 

330, 460 

684, 563 


1, 370, 059 

2, 254, 715 

3, 659, 886 

23, 197 

213, 103 

697, 957 

1, 122, 371 


242, 445 

715, 731 

2, 061, 396 

14, 820 

53, 487 

345, 453 

799, 252 


1, 212, 922 

1, 594, 886 

3, 047, 219 

29, 414 

191,336 

570, 349 

1, 059, 470 


153, 293 
513, 094 
859, 870 
6,112 
18,042 
181, 168 
381, 859 


1,118,518 


Iowa 


1, 514, 187 


Missouri 


2, 975, 691 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


22, 365 
126, 884 
592, 374 


Kansas 


1, 041, 699 






West North 
Central 


4, 166, 067 


12, 506, 741 


3, 979, 819 


9, 341, 288 


4, 232, 584 


7, 705, 596 


2, 113, 438 


7, 391, 718 


Delaware 


308, 487 
766, 264 

1,178 

2, 857, 007 

1, 735, 126 

1, 394, 588 

181, 101 

806, 731 

1,490 


816, 109 
1, 651, 936 

1,036 
7, 385, 277 
5, 554, 731 
3, 474, 821 
377, 557 
1, 515, 505 
493 


242, 976 
488, 554 

98 

2, 272, 786 

1,361,390 

1, 162, 694 

258,913 

693, 030 

5,109 


824, 348 
1, 696, 549 

1,496 
8, 010, 777 
5, 480, 350 
3, 693, 388 
369, 530 
1, 404, 250 

2,592 


155, 663 
273, 868 

74 
1, 426, 316 
946, 721 
940, 388 
159, 248 
482, 062 
3,447 


792, 960 
1, 584, 783 

846 

7, 839, 771 
5, 246, 817 
3,116,115 
284, 372 
1, 198, 837 
4.029 


53, 748 
122, 601 

15 
962, 292 
634, 271 
648, 928 
125, 438 
292, 227 
2,936 


722, 956 




1, 208, 936 


District of Co- 
lumbia 


1,309 


Virginia 


6, 723, 702 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


4, 229, 093 

2. 806, 953 

271, 896 

1,128,316 


Florida 


3,031 


South Atlantic. . 


8, 051, 972 


20, 777, 465 


6, 485, 550 


21, 483. 280 


4. 387, 787 


20. 068. 530 


2, 842, 456 


17.096,192 


Kentucky 


1, 427, 408 

1, 032, 490 

422, 646 

210, 686 


3, 742, 936 

3, 181, 659 

1, 044, 397 

269, 862 


1, 488, 544 

1, 175, 214 

426, 342 

156, 358 


3, 278, 263 

2, 887, 806 

798, 070 

189, 336 


1, 282, 474 
922, 824 
345, 390 
129, 403 


2, 963. 289 

2, 358, 769 

627, 348 

138, 394 


789, 019 
647, 890 
337, 360 
122, 144 


2, 574, 944 


Tennessee 


1, 949, 504 


Alabama 


672, 137 


Mississippi 


162, 740 


East South Cen- 
tral 


3, 093, 230 


8, 238, 854 


3, 246, 458 


7, 153, 475 


2, 680, 091 


6, 087, 800 


1, 896, 413 


5, 359, 325 








877, 376 

44, 175 

428, 502 

236, 485 


4, 074, 870 

47, 037 

1,417,911 

468, 027 


1, 681, 331 

37, 937 

434. 450 

151, 026 


2, 695, 820 

31,217 

919, 490 

276, 703 


1, 205, 372 

24, 714 

387, 926 

132, 140 


2, 157, 964 

21, 369 

699, 959 

204, 336 


438, 820 
24, 307 

154, 100 
91, 572 


1, 691. 382 


Louisiana 


19, 128 


Oklahoma 


534, 786 


Texas.. 


160, 932 






West South Cen- 
tral 


1, 586, 538 


6, 007, 845 


2, 304, 744 


3, 923, 230 


1, 750, 152 


3, 083, 628 


708, 799 


2. 406, 228 


Montana 


69,328 
144, 088 

34, 197 
183, 315 
167, 097 

35, 977 
80,304 

9,265 


1, 059, 198 

2, 380, 523 

50, 302 

1, 777, 737 

687, 799 

70, 273 

726, 471 

42, 612 


31, 796 
127, 894 
10, 018 
84, 162 
80, 291 
26, 401 
104, 620 
14, 561 


710, 960 

1, 760, 648 

40,554 

1, 389, 712 

596, 603 

71, 760 

558, 106 

48, 532 


28, 759 

109, 607 

5,444 

97, 053 

64,381 

19, 157 

105,234 

6,586 


385, 355 
1, 250, 179 

31, 089 
993, 186 
444, 819 

53, 257 
464, 861 

39. 572 


16. 050 
97,083 

9,637 
56, 013 
55, 417 
20, 969 
61,656 

3,588 


351, 683 


Idaho 


996, 217 


Wyoming _ 


35, 103 


Colorado. . 


814,411 


New Mexico 

Arizona 


385, 919 
57, 083 


Utah. 


384, 511 


Nevada 


37, 150 


Mountain 


723,571 


0. 794, 915 


479. 743 


5. ] 76. 875 


436. 221 


3, 662, 318 


320, 413 


3. 062. 077 


Washington 

Oregon . 


755, 898 

500, 322 

1, 143, 947 


7, 964, 167 
3,315.093 
3, 128, 386 


1, 049, 949 
257, 819 
886, 453 


6,781,852 

2, 773, 293 

3, 540, 407 


947, 986 
218,613 

473. 659 


5, 193, 571 
1,641,101 

2,870.417 


858, 531 
185, 947 
245, 075 


4, 598, 332 
1, 379, 454 


California 


2,516,570 


Pacific 


2, 400, 167 


14, 407, 646 


2, 194, 221 


13, 095, 552 


1,610, 2, r )8 


9, 705, 089 


1, 289, 553 


8, 494, 356 






United States... 


36, 195, 085 


115,309,165 


34, 299, 348 


103, 697, 180 


27, 455, 303 


88, 848, 970 


17, 518, 640 


82, 535, 407 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 135 

Table 165. — Apples: Weighted average auction price per box, New York, 
by months, 19S2-88 to 1936-37 



Variety and season 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aver- 
age 


Gravenstein: 

1932-33.. 


Dol. 
1.60 
1.92 
2.11 


Dol. 
1.21 
1.58 
2.03 
1.54 
1.99 

1.25 


Dol. 
1.57 
1.31 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 
1.37 


1933-34 






















1.52 


1934-35 






















2.06 


1935-36 


1.85 
1.60 

1.34 
1.33 
1.43 
1.50 
1.37 

2.12 
2.43 
2.03 
2.10 
2.05 

1.99 
1.86 
1.68 
1.57 
1.87 

1.65 

1.47 
1.60 
1.53 
1.59 

1.68 
2.23 
1.64 
1.83 
1.87 






















1.57 


1936-37 


2.20 


1.00 

1.00 
1.18 
1.36 
1.20 
1.30 

1.71 
1.85 
1.90 
1.76 
2.16 

1.40 
1.50 
1.47 
1.41 
1.81 

1.35 

1.15 
1.74 

"1.66 

1.52 

1.64 
1.68 
1.73 
2.03 

1.55 

1.77 
1.70 
1.72 
2.00 

1.62 






















Winter Banana: 

1932-33 


116 


0.71 


l.~03 


1.15 












1.25 


1933-34 




..... 


..... 


..... 


..... 


..... 


1.25 


1934-35 




1.59 


1.48 


1935-36 




1.16 
1.26 

1.64 
1.94 
1.93 
2.00 
2.24 

1.36 
1.33 
1.57 
1.59 
1.64 

1.29 


.70 
1.22 

1.61 
2.13 
1.90 
1.92 
2.38 

1.15 
1.35 
1.39 
1.09 
1.22 

1.32 




.95 












1.41 


1936-37 




1.69 














Delicious: ' 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37.. 


..... 


1.44 
2.43 
1.75 
1.75 


1.44 

2.48 
1.72 
1.88 


1.58 
2.38 
1.70 
1.79 


1.94 
2.36 
1.99 
1.92 


1.92 
2.21 
2.22 
1.86 


1.79 
1.80 
2.08 
1.63 


0.80 
1.51 

'I'll 


1.63 
2.18 
1.86 
1.86 


Jonathan: 

1932-33 






1.09 
1.25 


l.~25 


.50 


.80 


.70 






1.46 


1933-34 










1.46 


1934-35 




2.50 












1.60 


1935-36 


















1.46 


1936-37 






















Mcintosh: 

1932-33 






1.25 
1.39 
1.73 

.85 


1.16 
1.57 
1.95 
1.16 


1.16 
1.78 

1.66 


1.23 

2.18 
1.60 
1.07 


1.43 


1.96 




1.31 


1933-34 






1.53 


1934-35 

1935-36 


..... 


1.88 


1.76 
1.35 
1.45 

1.30 
1.41 
1.60 
1.86 
1.88 

1.46 
1.63 
1.74 
1.84 
1.94 

1.41 
2.20 
1.66 
1.93 
1.85 

1.35 
1.74 
1.63 
1.32 

1.49 
1.71 
1.80 
1.93 
2.09 


1.95 
1.15 
1.80 

1.39 
1.72 
1.63 
1.79 
1.91 

1.43 

1.87 
1.60 
1.63 
1.91 

1.32 

1.81 
1.61 
1.77 
1.89 

1.49 
1.72 
1.63 
1.84 
2.05 

1.51 
1.92 
1.76 
1.84 
2.21 


1.33 
1.02 


..... 


..... 


1.72 


1936-37 












Rome Beauty: 

1932-33 






1.32 
1.75 
1.42 
1.59 


1.28 
1.86 
1.44 
1.77 


1.18 
1.72 
1.53 
1.54 


1.21 
1.91 
1.64 
1.59 


1.28 
2.04 
1.69 
1.34 


1.38 

1.48 


T26 


1.30 


1933-34 

1934-35 


..... 





1.73 
1.57 


1935-36 

1936-37 


..... 


-— 


1.06 


1.35 


1.66 


Esopus Spitzenberg: 

1932-33 






1.23 
1.96 
1.43 
1.63 


1.28 
1.64 
1.42 
1.24 


1.22 
1.60 
1.32 
1.27 


1.24 

1.45 
1.80 
.65 


1.19 






1.40 


1933-34. 












1.77 


1934-35 














1.64 


1935-36 














1.68 


1936-37 
















Yellow Newtown: 

1932-33.... 

1933-34 











1.25 

1.63 
1.60 
1.78 


1.27 

1.83 
1.41 
1.65 


1.31 
2.06 
1.47 
1.60 


1.48 
2.21 
1.68 
1.71 


1.70 

2.09 
2.12 
1.80 


2.19 
1.96 
2.26 
1.76 


2.48 
1.49 
1.47 
1.56 


1.76 
1.99 


1934-35 

1935-36 


..... 




1.50 


1.52 


1.85 
1.75 


1936-37 












Winesap: 1 

1932-33 










1.38 
1.94 
1.47 
1.68 


1.36 
1.98 
1.49 
1.66 


1.31 

1.92 
1.45 
1.71 


1.52 
1.90 
1.79 
1.66 


1.45 
1.75 
2.28 
1.75 


1.60 
1.70 
2.59 
1.87 


1.73 
1.50 
2.59 
1.90 


1.50 


1933-34 










1.76 


1934-35 








1.35 
1.25 
1.63 

1.55 
1.69 
1.74 
1.70 
2.06 


1.81 


1935-36 

1936-37 . 





_____ 


..... 


1.77 


Average of varieties 
shown above: 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


1.60 
1.92 
2.11 

2.20 


1.21 
1.58 
1.89 
1.54 
1.98 


1.69 
1.45 
1.71 
1.79 
1.79 


1.38 
2.06 
1.61 
1.70 


1.37 
2.19 
1.59 
1.81 


1.41 
2.07 
1.59 
1.72 


1.57 
2.15 
1.83 
1.79 


1.59 
2.00 
2.17 
1.77 


1.80 
1.80 
2.41 
1.78 


1.76 
1.50 
2.11 
1.84 


11.51 
1 1. 90 

1.78 
1.77 





















1 Average for season includes a price in August for old-crop apples as follows: Delicious, 1933-34, $0.67; 
Winesap, 1932-33, $1.55; 1933-34, $1.44. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from New York Daily Fruit Reporter, deciduous section. 
Prices are weighted by number of boxes sold. 



136 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 166. — Apples: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


June 
15 


July 
15 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dee. 

15 


Jan. 

15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 

15 


Apr. 
15 


May 

15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 . . 


Cents 
168.7 
140.0 
188.7 
153.1 
173.6 
131.5 
92.1 
88.7 
121.8 
117.4 
107.3 


Cents 

133.8 

144.4 

156.0 

160.5 

144.8 

107.9 

86.2 

86.9 

100.5 

96.4 

94.3 


Cents 
103.8 
135.8 
105.5 
139.2 
106.3 
77.4 
65.1 
74.7 
82.1 
77.8 
87.6 


Cents 
88.4 
130.7 

13L0 
103.2 
70.7 
57.4 
72.8 
82.2 
69.3 
80.1 


Cents 
80.2 

134.7 
99.4 

137.9 
98.4 
58.9 
57.2 
70.3 
84.4 
64.3 
91.2 


Cents 
81.6 
141.8 
107.9 
135. 6 
96.7 
61.3 
57.1 
73.1 
89.3 
68.6 
92.9 


Cents 
87.7 
152.4 
118.5 
143.4 
98.8 
64.7 
61.7 
80.0 
94.0 
76.6 
106.0 


Cents 
97.3 
161.7 
124.3 
148.3 
103.8 
66.4 
65.1 
89.4 
98.8 
81.3 


Cents 
98.8 
168.3 
130.0 
154.0 
106.0 
66.4 
66.3 
96.7 
103.7 
84.3 


Cents 
100.0 
177.0 
133.9 
155.2 
105.5 
71.2 
70.3 
103.6 
104.8 
86.7 


Cents 
103.8 
183.3 
132.4 
159.9 
117.1 
79.2 
78.6 
109.0 
109.8 
85.5 


Cents 
113.5 
190.6 
144.2 
168.2 
121.9 
82.7 
84.9 
113.7 
114.1 
92.0 


Cents 
89 5 


1927-28— 


139 8 


1928-29 


108 1 


1929-30 


138 6 


1930-31 


102 2 


1931-32 


65.2 


1932-33 


59 6 


1933-34 


77.5 


1934-35 


88.2 


1935-36 


71.3 


1936-37 


1 101. 





















i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based upon returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, 
by States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 536. 

Table 167. — Apples: L. c. I. price per bushel, New York, by months, 
1932-33 to 1936-37 



Variety and season 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


Aver- 
age 


Baldwin: 

1932-33 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Dollars 

10.85 

.85 

""."72" 

1.18 

1.18 
1.37 
2.05 
1.34 
1.99 

.76 
1.21 
1.30 
1.01 
1.36 


Dollars 

10.72 

.84 

1.33 

.93 

1.34 

1.10 
1.46 
1.98 
1.35 
1.92 

.78 
1.18 
1.23 
1.07 
1.33 


Dollars 
1.08 

.89 
1.44 

.95 


Dollars 
1.11 
1.04 
1.42 
.97 


Dollars 

"1.16" 
1.41 

.89 


Dollars 
1.09 
1.33 

""."99" 


Dollars 
1.02 
1.44 
1.53 
1.02 


Dollars 
0.98 


1933-34 




0.83 
1.13 

.61 
1.06 

1.13 
1.15 
1.95 
1.08 
1.85 

.72 
1.03 
1.11 

.73 
1.19 


1.06 


1934-35 




1.38 


1935-36 




.77 


1936-37 






Mcintosh (New 
York State): 
1932-33 


1.06 
1.10 
1.61 

.98 
1.50 


1.15 
1.51 

1.88 
1.27 


1.13 
1.60 
1.98 
1.31 


1.25 
1.70 

1.65 
1.27 


1.53 
1.97 
1.61 

1.45 


"T95" 

1.48 


1.19 


1933-34 


1.48 


1934-35 .. 


1.85 


1935-36 

1936-37 


1.28 


Greening: a 

1932-33 


.71 
1.34 
1.23 
1.01 


.75 
1.55 
1.21 
1.12 


.93 


1 1.27 




.85 


1933-34 


.98 
1.13 

.79 
1.09 


1.22 


1934-35 


1.28 
1.02 


1.24 




1.22 


1935-36 


.96 


1936-37 — 























1 Less than 10 quotations. 

' Includes Rhode Island Greening and Northwestern Greening. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily market reports from the Bureau representative 
at New York. 

Average prices as shown are based on stock of good merchantable quality and condition, 2\ ( i inches unless 
otherwise stated; they are simple averages of daily range of selling prices. Average for season is simple 
average of monthly averages. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



137 



Table 168. 



-Apples: Carlot shipments in eastern and western areas and United 
States, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-87 



State group 
and season 



Total eastern: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 2.... 
1936-37 K-. 

Total western: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-26 2.... 
1936-37 *_.__ 

Total United 
States: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 2.... 
1936-37 »____ 



Crop-movement season 



June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Total 



Cars 
165 
243 
196 
512 
388 
339 
231 
247 
99 

3 224 
125 

95 
10 
34 
2 
32 
61 
44 
14 
477 



260 
253 
230 
514 
420 
400 
275 
261 
< 176 
3 224 
129 



Cars 

2,271 

1,507 

1,867 

1,697 

1,915 

1,714 

1,101 

1,008 

492 

906 

645 

1,569 

308 

1,585 

325 

1,412 

1,435 

1,509 

504 

688 

407 

747 



3,840 
1,815 
3,452 
2,022 
3,327 
3,149 
2,610 
1,512 
1,180 
1,313 
1,392 



Cars 

2,035 

2,480 

2,881 

2,651 

1,732 

1,015 

805 

579 

626 

557 

427 

1,352 

1,059 

1,449 

1,140 

1,198 

966 

882 

995 

1,277 

1. 036 

640 



3,387 
3,539 
4,330 
3,791 
2,930 
1,981 
1,687 
1,574 
1,903 
1,593 
1,067 



Cars 
11, 728 
7,754 
11,645 
10, 426 
6,194 
7,121 
4,866 
4,507 
3,395 
4,288 
2,706 

9,222 
4,352 
7,760 
3,570 
7,165 
5,890 
3,902 
1,833 
7,114 
2,469 
5,067 



Cars 
26, 133 
15, 868 
23, 355 
18, 068 
14, 370 
18, 624 
11, 100 
8,014 
7,999 
9,197 
6,021 



Cars 
14, 232 
6,927 
8,210 
5,634 
6,990 
9,139 
4,496 
3,212 
2,482 
2,832 
2,222 



9,019 
688 10, 182 



11, 564 
9,014 

10, 761 
5,481 
6,320 
6,031 
5,243 
4,794 
5,217 



23, 251 
17, 109 
19, 774 
14, 648 
17, 751 
14, 620 
10, 816 
9,243 
7,725 
7,626 
7,439 



Cars 
4,358 
2,310 
3,512 
2,438 
2,820 
3,151 
1,936 
1,608 
1,703 
1,479 
1,393 

4,007 



653 

797 

544 

415 

188 

192 

5,187 

4,037 

3,990 

3,765 



8.365 
5,963 
8,309 
5,982 
8,235 
7,339 
6, 128 
6,795 
5,740 
5,469 
5,158 



Cars 
5,110 
2,353 
3,665 
2,780 
3,161 
4,168 
2,474 
2,126 
2,037 
1,449 



2,859 
2,962 
4,109 
3,443 
4,787 
4,085 
3,921 
4,665 
3,754 
3,371 



7,969 
5, 315 
7,774 
6,223 
7,948 
8,253 
6,395 
6,791 
5,791 
4,820 



Cars 
5,422 
1,966 
2,899 
2,581 
2,715 
3,947 
2,261 
1,670 
1,610 
2,403 



2,598 
2,934 
4,850 
3,816 
4,521 
4,344 

3' 001 
4, 356 
3,991 



8,020 
4,900 
7,749 
6,397 
7,236 
8,291 
5,959 
4,671 
5,966 
6,394 



Cars 
3,675 
1,434 
2,170 
2,440 
1,857 
2,837 
1,652 
1,681 
1,289 
1,874 



1,673 
2,066 
3,248 
2,777 
3,896 
3, 635 
3,368 
2,684 
3,428 
3,613 



5,348 
3,500 
5,418 
5,217 
5,753 
6,472 
5,020 
4,365 
4,717 
5,487 



Cars 

2,279 

870 

1,258 

1,307 

666 

1,348 

996 

710 

970 

1,673 



1,317 
1, 485 
1,686 
2,355 
2,430 
2,401 
1,864 
1,551 
2, 157 
2,957 



Cars 
1,295 
504 
766 
602 
357 
574 
636 
285 
472 
573 



1,060 
1,315 

944 
1,372 
1,714 
1,838 
1, 356 
1,107 

707 
1,724 



2,355 
1,819 
1,710 
1,974 
2,071 
2,412 
1,992 
1,392 
1,179 
2,297 



Cars 
476 
199 
284 
303 

91 
228 
281 

79 
150 
201 



Cars 
79, 179 
44, 415 
62, 708 
51, 439 
43, 256 
54, 205 
32, 835 
25, 726 
23, 324 
27, 656 



54, 371 
48, 679 
64, 822 
51, 362 
66, 538 
47, 526 
44, 587 
36, 541 
42, 521 
38, 537 



133, 550 
93, 094 
127, 530 
102, 801 
109, 794 
101,731 
77, 422 
62, 267 
65, 845 
5 66,193 



1 Crop movement season covers 13 months, from June of 1 year through June of the following year. 

2 Beginning January 1936, figures are preliminary. 

3 Includes 1 car shipped in May. 

4 Includes 3 cars shipped in May. 

* Includes 1,442 cars for emergency relief. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. Western includes Montana, 
Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, and all States west of these; all other States are eastern. 

Shipments as shown in cailots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



138 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 169. — Apples: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1926-27 to 1985-S6 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire... 

Vermont.. 

Massachusetts 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio.. 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Missouri 

Kansas , 

Delaware '. 

Maryland. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

Arkansas 

Montana. 

Idaho 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Utah 

Washington. 

Oregon 

California 

Other States 



Total 133,550 



Crop-movement season 



1926-27 1927-28 1928-29 1929-30 1930-31 1931-32 1932-33 1933-34 1934-35 1935-36' 



Cars 

660 

339 

316 

477 

21, 680 

340 

4,988 

1,739 

723 

6,149 

4,328 

387 

2,015 

675 

2,099 

2,491 

18, 674 

7,393 

1,842 

343 

3,677 

2,877 

785 

450 

34, 729 

6,422 

5,084 

1,868 



Cars 

889 

515 

563 

298 

10, 030 

701 

3,005 

837 

113 

2,552 

2,002 

366 

736 

1,458 

1,352 

1,792 

8,686 

7,054 

629 

149 

7,709 

2,228 

467 

428 

30, 280 

3,396 

4,020 

839 



Cars 

227 

355 

324 

388 

13, 671 

354 

2,796 

1,547 

528 

5,046 

2,651 

432 

1,758 

516 

1,352 

1,722 

20, 282 

6,608 

1,265 

527 

6,508 

2,804 

305 

611 

41,317 

6,447 

6,300 



Cars 

1,333 

322 

630 

275 

9,253 

331 

2,401 

438 

186 

2,326 

4,053 

595 

758 

670 

820 

1,852 

16,705 

7,385 

417 

391 

7,119 

2,322 

966 

196 

34, 220 

2,680 

3,462 

695 



93,094 127,530 102,801 109,794 101,731 



Cars 

989 

719 

490 

975 

15, 429 

906 

2,765 

196 

210 

3,388 

1,884 

151 

541 

249 

1, 353 

1,378 

7,402 

3,381 

331 

388 

6,972 

1,082 

212 

1,089 

45,217 

5,624 

5,953 

520 



Cars 

154 
71 

591 

48 

9,090 

200 
3,313 
1,643 

611 
4,779 
2,819 

139 
1,295 
1,252 

724 
2,048 
17, 172 
6,987 

331 

252 
5,354 
1,093 

280 

3 

34, 558 

2,139 

3,847 

938 



Cars 

1,216 

220 

609 

180 

10, 579 

158 

2,913 

391 

112 

1,884 

1,393 

138 

217 

33 

819 

976 

6,990 

3,772 

106 

237 

4,324 

1,361 

110 

479 

30, 822 

3,324 

3,930 

129 



77,422 



Cars 
795 
538 
472 
622 

6,663 
104 

1,120 
219 
98 
870 

2,084 
249 
772 
942 
402 
683 

5,958 

2,638 
123 
95 

4,871 

683 

8 

14 

26,311 

1,748 

2,811 
374 



62, 267 



Cars 

155 

43 

61 

25 

5,295 

61 

3,834 

202 

22 

520 

1,720 

112 

156 

141 

172 

655 

6, 575 

3, 471 

31 

134 

3,344 

482 

213 

33 

32,887 

3,131 

2,297 

73 



65, 845 



Cars 

67 

11 

181 

39 

3,758 

110 

2,543 

245 

90 

1,958 

1,607 

294 

783 

203 

402 

1,007 

10, 495 

3,521 

43 

41 

5,251 

446 

22 

19 

27.737 

2,086 

2,935 

299 



193 



i Crop-movement season extends from June of 1 year through June of the following year. 
' Preliminary. * Includes 1,442 cars for emergency relief. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



Table 170. — Apples: 1 


International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1932-35 




Calendar year 


Country 


Average 
1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 J 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United States 


1,000 

bushels 

14,448 

3,626 

2,161 

1,876 

1,597 

1,309 

1,122 

«6734 

783 

565 


1,000 

bushels 

137 

542 



608 



422 

303 

i 6 i 

»2 
31 


1,000 

bushels 

16,919 

4,708 

3,916 

1,769 

2,604 

998 

1,927 

140 

1,999 

1,259 


1,000 

biishels 

54 

225 



2,548 



1,114 

618 

1 

1 

4 


1,000 
bushels 
11,029 
8,716 
4,737 
3,320 
1,834 
1,381 
1,282 


1,000 

bushels 

7 

113 



1,422 



970 

992 


1,000 

bushels 

10, 070 

7,215 

4,290 

850 

902 

200 

624 


1,000 

bushels 

16 

67 



1,389 



869 

1,276 


1,000 
bushels 
11,706 
7,624 
3,636 
909 

""568" 
262 


1,000 
bushels 
24 


Canada ... 


129 


Australia 3 







1,713 


Italy 





Netherland 


270 


Belgium 


1,392 








343 
1,092 




5 


283 
1,203 



2 


1,585 

787 





New Zealand 


3 


Total 


28, 221 


2,046 


36,239 


4,565 


33, 734 


3,509 


25, 637 


3,619 


27,077 


3,981 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United Kingdom 



34 


1 
2 
2 




18_ 

57" 


14, 247 

8,415 

754 

684 

469 

379 

<202 

191 

178 

96 

88 



116 

1 
7 
1 




3 


18, 078 

11,758 

799 

453 

517 

161 

147 

134 

86 

46 

163 




43 

73 

101 

1 

1 

1 










16, 594 

9,879 

449 

354 

401 

164 

94 

235 

59 

36 

278 



38 

12 

1 







13,338 
7,594 
552 
215 
305 
222 
104 

Ii6~ 

61 

148 

22, 649 




1 

28 

6" 

2 



2 


16,506 




3,652 


Sweden 


591 




50 




289 


Egypt. 


227 




111 






Finland . 


93 


Cuba. 




Poland 


141 






Total 


25, 703 


128 


32, 342 


220 


28, 543 


51 


33 


21, 660 



» Foreign weights are converted to bushels on the basis of 48 pounds per bushel; domestic. 1 barrel equals 
3 boxes (or bushels). * Preliminary. * Year ended June 30. 

* Includes pears. 8 4-year average. • Includes pears and quinces. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ^39 

Table 171. — Apples: Cold-storage holdings, United States, 1926-27 to 1986-37 

BARRELS » 



Season 


Oct. 1 


Nov. 1 


Dec. 1 


Jan. 1 


Feb. 1 


Mar. 1 


Apr. 1 


May 


June 1 


1926-27 


1,000 
barrels 
484 
449 
652 
735 
500 
398 
389 
276 
209 
320 
66 


1,000 

barrels 

3,188 

1,864 

2,978 

2,189 

1,57] 

2,285 

1,242 

949 

872 

979 

313 


1,000 

barrels 

4,554 

2,055 

2,889 

2,097 

1,456 

2,177 

1,349 

892 

797 

950 

307 


1,000 

barrels 

4,077 

1,699 

2,354 

1,762 

1,197 

1,944 

1,209 

720 

678 

789 


1,000 

barrels 

3,178 

1,266 

1,678 

1.316 

834 

1,322 

924 

501 

506 

637 


1,000 
barrels 

2,152 
846 

1,128 
897 
482 
762 
609 
353 
338 
435 


1,000 
barrels 
1,286 
501 
652 
481 
200 
369 
337 
188 
172 
205 


1,000 

barrels 

650 

262 

319 

229 

86 

165 

182 

87 

68 

86 


1,000 
barrels 
229 


1927-28 . 


121 


1928-29—. 


108 


1929-30 


96 


1930-31. 


38 


1931-32 


63 


1932-33 


64 


1933-34 


26 


1934-35 


17 


1935-36 


22 


1936-37 



















BUSHEL BASKETS 



1926-27 
1927-28 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


baskets 


baskets 


baskets 


baskets 


baskets 


baskets 


baskets 


baskets 


352 


2, 235 


2, 713 


2,472 


2,037 


1,589 


952 


533 


724 


3,309 


3,905 


3,177 


2,315 


1,536 


900 


460 


1,084 


4,932 


5,057 


4,240 


3,204 


2,171 


1,308 


590 


1,793 


6, 379 


6,613 


5.507 


4,005 


2,805 


1,555 


763 


1,982 


6,748 


6,946 


5, 996 


4,469 


2,855 


1,300 


571 


2,032 


9,787 


10,817 


9,681 


7,694 


5,182 


2,737 


1,269 


2,342 


9,881 


10,533 


9,117 


7.213 


5,237 


3,208 


1,691 


2,851 


8,632 


8,577 


7,388 


5,680 


3,923 


2,062 


930 


3,370 


10, 858 


10, 555 


8,922 


6,937 


5,084 


3,225 


1,557 


3,307 


12, 607 


12,814 


11, 489 


9,820 


7,250 


4,640 


2,146 


3,904 


11, 763 


11,641 























1,000 
baskets 
199 
222 
220 
309 
193 
465 
640 
298 
468 
857 



BOXES' 



1926-27 
1927-28 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31. 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37. 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


1,809 


9,523 


15,083 


13, 365 


10, 435 


7,298 


4,613 


2,312 


1,043 


9 r 074 


13, 423 


12,260 


9,809 


7,023 


4,960 


2,889 


1,854 


12, 333 


17, 452 


15,853 


12, 388 


7,995 


4,889 


2,224 


901 


11,045 


15, 235 


13, 108 


10, 149 


7,282 


4,790 


2,446 


2,135 


15, 669 


21, 267 


19, 137 


15, 347 


11,371 


6,852 


3,683 


3,203 


15,472 


16, 849 


14, 617 


11,761 


8,789 


5,886 


3,392 


2,414 


12, 873 


14,852 


12, 794 


10, 124 


7,179 


4,462 


2,463 


1,567 


11,067 


13, 874 


11,857 


9,239 


6,591 


3,766 


1,965 


8,279 


17, 750 


18, 037 


15, 713 


12, 329 


7,839 


4,185 


1,804 


3,263 


15,283 


17, 390 


15, 201 


12, 944 


9,374 


6,052 


2,946 


3,339 


12, 743 


13, 924 























1,000 
boxes 
717 

1,223 
631 
761 

1,425 

1,364 
938 
809 
562 

1,074 



TOTAL* 



1926-27 
1927-28 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31. 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



1,000 


1,000 


bushels 


bushels 


3,612 


21, 321 


3,114 


17, 976 


4,893 


26, 199 


4,900 


23, 991 


5,618 


27, 129 


6,429 


32, 115 


5, 922 


26, 481 


5,247 


22, 545 


12, 276 


31, 224 


7,530 


30, 828 


7,441 


25, 445 



1,000 
bushels 
31, 458 
23, 493 
31, 177 
28, 139 
32, 580 
34, 197 
29, 433 
25, 128 
30, 983 
33, 054 
26, 486 



1,000 
bushels 
28, 068 
20, 534 
27, 154 
23, 902 
28. 725 
30, 129 
25, 539 
21, 405 
26, 670 
29, 058 



1,000 
bushels 
22, 005 
15, 923 
20, 626 
18, 102 
22,317 

23, 421 
20,109 
16, 422 
20, 784 

24, 675 



1,000 
bushels 
15, 342 
11,097 
13,551 

12, 778 
15,672 
16,257 
14, 244 
11,574 

13, 938 
17, 928 



1,000 
bushels 
9,423 
7,363 
8,153 
7,787 
8,751 
9,729 
8,682 
6,393 
7,926 

11, 307 



1,000 
bushels 
4,794 
4,134 
3,772 
3,895 
4,512 
5,157 
4,701 
3,156 
3,564 
5,349 



1,000 
bushels 
1,602 
1,808 
1,174 
1,358 
1,731 
2,019 
1,770 
1,185 
1,080 
1,997 



1 Mostly in eastern and central United States. 

» Mostly western apples. 

3 1 barrel is considered the equivalent of 3 boxes or 3 bushel baskets. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports made by cold-storage establishments. 



140 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 172. — Apricots: Production and season average price per ton received by 
farmers, California, 1927-36 l 



Item 


1927 


192S 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


Production short tons.. 

Price dollars.. 

Farm value. .1,000 dollars. . 


208, 000 
57.00 
11,856 


175, 000 
50.00 
8,750 


215. 000 
63.00 
13, 545 


3 200.000 
39.00 

7,476 


3 277,000 
29.00 
7,917 


3 270. 000 
17.70 
4,549 


288, 000 
29.70 
7,960 


139,000 
53.45 
7,430 


216,000 
45.60 
9,850 


223. 000 
37.55 
8,374 



i Among all the 12 States reported in the 1929 census as producing apricots, California had 92.8 percent. 
3 Preliminary. 

1 Includes some fruit not harvested on account of market conditions (but not included in computing 
value), as follows: 1930, 8,300 tons; 1931, 4,000 tons; 1932, 13,000 tons. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 165. 

Table 173. — Asparagus, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average- 
price per crate and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 
and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Utilization, marketing 
season, and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 

1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 

1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 2 
Early: 


Acres 

22, 750 

4,500 

8,180 


Acres 

22. 170 

3,100 

9,500 


Acres 

25, 080 

3,100 

9,500 


1,000 

crates • 

2,301 

105 

322 


1,000 

crates l 

1,995 

84 

361 


UOOO 

crates 1 

2,633 

62 

304 


Dollars 
1.98 
2.19 
2.27 


Dollars 
1.50 
1.75 
1.58 


Dollars 
1.70 


Georgia... ._ ... . 


1.50 


South Carolina 


1.10 


Total 


35. 430 


34, 770 


37, 680 


2, 728 


2,440 


2,999 


2.04 


1.52 


1.63 






Late: 


1.040 
4,090 

230 
2,000 
2,120 
1,050 
3 150 
9,140 

520 
2,360 
1,860 


1,100 
4,000 

300 
2,300 
2,100 
1,500 
80 
9,500 

710 
2,580 
2, 570 


1,100 
3,600 

300 
2,300 
1,980 
1,500 
80 
10, 300 

800 
2,600 
2,800 


81 
194 

15 
171 
191 

79 

38 

837 

48 
211 
176 


99 
340 

15 
253 
193 
105 
4 
950 

64 
245 
231 


121 
324 

9 
288 
198 
128 

5 

1,133 

128 

247 

462 


1.92 
2.40 
2.22 
2.12 
2.86 
1.85 
3 1.98 
2.07 
1.93 
1.78 
1.S7 


1.30 
1.10 
1.50 
1.30 
2.00 
1.05 
• 1.30 
1.30 
1.20 
1.50 
1.05 


1.30 




1.10 




1.35 




1.30 


Massachusetts 


2.25 
1.20 




1.25 


New Jersey .. 


1.15 


Oregon 


1.25 


Pennsylvania 

Washington 


1.40 

1.10 


Total. 


24, 530 


26, 740 


27, 360 


2,011 


2,499 


3,043 


2.11 


1.31 


1.26 






Grand total 


59, 960 


61,510 


65, 040 


4,739 


4,939 


6,042 


2.08 


1.41 


1.44 


For manufacture: California. 


39, 120 

1 


1 

48,500 42,220 


Short 
tons 
54,250 


Short 

tons 

56, 740 


Short 
tons 
59, 110 


73.60 


76.00 


79.00 



1 Crates containing approximately 24 pounds. 

2 Includes undetermined quantities used for manufacture in some States other than California. 
* Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning estab- 
lishments. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 141 

Table 174. — Asparagus: Carlot shipments, by State oj origin, 1927-36 



State 








Crop-movement season l 








1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


Arizona 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 

18 

2,793 

154 

146 

37 

2 

32 

8 

590 

67 

19 


Cars 

36 

3,531 

75 

76 

35 

3 

4 

7 

474 

88 


Cars 

39 

2,237 

104 

■ 112 

75 

1 

584 
50 


Cars 

43 

2,734 

88 

71 

79 

1 

1 


Cars 

44 

1,385 

97 

66 

87 

3 

3 


Cars 
36 




1,154 

111 

158 

3 


1,875 
158 
213 


1,154 

120 

146 

3 


1,745 
145 
142 

24 


2, 181 


Georgia 


81 


Illinois ... ... ... 


33 


Maryland.. . 


58 


Nevada _. ... 


4 




156 
8 

447 

93 

2 


34 

463 
127 


33 
31 

507 

107 

1 


53 

21 

551 

105 

3 


1 






South Carolina 


497 
108 

7 


494 
23 


380 


Washington ._. 


65 


Other States 


1 










Total 


2,132 


2,877 


2,102 


2,789 


3,866 


4,329 


3,203 


3,629 


2,202 


2,840 







1 Crop movement season extends from February through July of a given year, and the fall crop in Cali- 
fornia and Arizona. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 175. — Artichokes, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per box received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


California 


Acres 
7,770 


Acres 
9,000 


Acres 
9,100 


1,000 

boxes 1 

873 


1,000 

boxes 1 

1,017 


1,000 

boxes 1 

864 


Dollars 
1.93 


Dollars 
1.70 


Dollars 
2.00 







1 Bexes containing approximately 40 pounds. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 

Table 176. — Avocados: Production and season average price per ton or per box 
received by farmers, California and Florida, 192^-36 





California 


Year 


California 


Florida 


Year 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Price per 
ton 


Farm 
value 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Price per 
ton 


Farm 
value 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Price per 
box' 


Farm 
value 


1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 


Short 
tons 
129 
233 
625 
319 
1,125 


Dollars 
720 
540 
400 
680 
330 


1,000 
dollars 
93 
126 
250 
217 
371 


1929 

1930 

1931 

1932. 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 2 


Short 
tons 
396 
2,110 
2,525 
1,647 
2,450 
9,298 
5,201 
5,586 


Dollars 
658 
260 
166 
171 
168 
87 
172 
135 


1,000 
dollars 
261 
549 
419 
282 
412 
809 
895 
754 


Boxes 1 
21,000 
31, 000 
41, 000 
70, 000 
110,000 
100,000 
50,000 
30,000 


Dollars 
2.85 
3.85 
2.90 
1.75 
1.95 
1.50 
1.90 
2.40 


1,000 
dollars 
60 
119 
119 
122 
214 
150 
95 
72 



1 Boxes of 40 pounds. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



142 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 177. — Beans, lima, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season 
average price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-82, annual 
1935 and 1986 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Utilization, marketing sea- 
son, and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 

Fall: Texas 


Acres 
2 230 

1,480 
1,060 


Acres 


Acres 


1,000 
bushels i 
2 20 

73 

78 


1,000 
bushels i 


1,000 
bushels ■ 


Dollars 
•1.85 

1.44 
1.59 


Dollars 


Dollars 


Early: 


1,600 
1,200 


1,500 
1,200 


80 
84 


75 
48 


1.25 
1.00 


1.80 


South Carolina 


1.15 


Total 


2,540 


2,800 


2,700 


151 


164 


123 


1.53 


1.12 


1 54 






Intermediate (sec. 1) : 

North Carolina 

Intermediate (sec. 2): 
Maryland _ 


1,000 

1,220 
2,700 

960 


1,000 

1,000 
3,500 

400 


1,400 

900 
3,700 

400 


55 

81 
187 

69 


50 

60 
245 

20 


70 

54 
426 

26 


1.43 

2.18 
1.98 

2.29 


1.25 

1.70 
1.40 

1.65 


.85 
1.75 




1 05 


Virginia, Eastern 


1.20 






Total 


4,880 
2 1,580 


4,900 
800 


5,000 
800 


337 
2 107 


325 

28 


506 
46 


2.10 
»1.12 


1.47 

1.50 


1.13 


Late: Virginia, Eastern 
Shore 


1.00 






Grand total 


9,230 


9,500 


9,900 


601 


567 


745 


1.84 


1.35 

100. 00 
51.00 
59.70 
55.00 
47.70 
64.30 
64.32 


1.17 






For manufacture: 

New Jersey 


2 1,640 
2 7, 280 
2 3,300 

2 4, 670 

3 3, 710 

2 300 
2 4, 650 


4,100 
7,600 
3,000 
5,300 
2,760 
700 
4,000 


6,200 
8,000 
3,200 
5,500 
3,670 
850 
4,980 


Short 
tons 3 
2 870 
2 3, 660 
2 1, 300 
2 3,210 
2 1, 050 
2 150 
2 2, 3S0 


Short 
tons 3 
2,460 
4,480 
1,530 
3,440 
1,540 
360 
1,850 


Short 
tons 3 
3,410 
5,920 
2,080 
3,580 
1,950 
450 
2,480 


2 109. 50 
3 70. 00 
* 73. 00 
2 74. 00 
2 68. 00 
2 75. 50 
2 79. 22 


100. 00 




47.50 




54.70 




55.00 


Michigan 


47.20 




57.80 


Other States 4 


68.15 






Total 


2 25,550 


27, 460 


32, 400 


2 12, 620 


15, 660 


19, 870 


2 76. 22 


61.88 


61.40 







i Bushels containing approximately 32 pounds, unshelled. 

2 Short-time average. 

» Reported on shelled basis. 

4 Other States includes Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, 
Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, and Washington. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning establish- 
ments. 



Table 178. — Beans, snap, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season 
average price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-82, annual 
1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of- 


Utilization, marketing sea- 
son, and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 
Fall: 

Florida . .. 


Acres 

10, 650 

1,350 


Acres 
14, 000 
3,500 


Acres 
11,000 
3,900 


1,000 
bushels I 
944 
69 


1,000 
bushels i 
1,204 
144 


1,000 
bushels i 
1,100 
195 


Dollars 
2.12 
1.39 


Dollars 
1.30 
.70 


Dollars 
1.30 


Texas 


1.15 






Group total 

Early (sec. 1): Florida 


12, 000 
9,660 


17, 500 
28, 000 

7,300 
25, 000 
4,700 


14, 900 
30, 000 


1,013 
936 


1,348 
2,240 


1,295 
1.800 


1.99 
3.03 


1.24 
1.30 


1.28 
1.65 






Early (sec. 2) : 


5,340 

14, 440 
7,680 


7,100 

20, 000 

4,400 


552 
» 1, 125 

»584 


912 

1,625 

306 


1,030 

1,400 

343 


1.44 
1.74 
1.61 


1.30 
1.00 
1.00 


1.20 


Florida (spring) 

Texas 


L4f 

1.15 






Total 


27, 460 


37, 000 


31,500 


3 2, 261 


2,843 


2,773 


1.61 


1.10 


1.32 



See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



143 



Table 178. — Beans, snap, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season 
average price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 
1935 and 1936 — Continued 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Utilization, marketing sea- 
son, and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market— Continued: 
Second early: 

Alabama 


Acres 
1,110 
2,280 
7,430 
4,420 
4,910 


Acres 
900 
4,100 
8,800 
3,380 
8,200 


Acres 
500 
4,500 
8,270 
3,900 
6,500 


1,000 

bushels 

64 

» 152 

512 

251 

> 416 


1,000 
bushels 
63 
3 246 
598 
284 
328 


1,000 
bushels 
25 
202 
562 
390 
130 


Dollars 
1.01 
1.05 
1.06 
1.14 
1.07 


Dollars 
.60 
.75 
.71 
.64 
.80 


Dollars 
.95 


Georgia 


1.20 




1.20 




1.20 


South Carolina 


1.15 


Total 


20, 150 


25, 380 


23, 670 


2 1,395 


> 1, 519 


1,309 


1.08 


.71 


1.19 






Intermediate (sec. 1): 
Arkansas . 


1,340 
6,0S0 
1,720 
2,520 


1,300 

10,000 

1,300 

7,200 


1,700 

11,300 

1,400 

6,300 


77 

3 576 

133 

287 


78 

600 

91 

3 504 


71 
339 

49 
441 


.86 
.84 
.96 

1.17 


.72 
.75 
.65 
.50 


1.90 


North Carolina 


1.55 
.70 


Virginia 


.75 


Total 


11,660 


19, 800 


20, 700 


2 1, 073 


3 1, 273 


900 


.95 


.65 


1.14 






Intermediate (sec. 2): 
Delaware 


330 
1,380 
4,050 
5,640 


100 

1,400 
3,900 
6,100 


150 
1,800 
3,900 
7,200 


33 
67 

429 
609 


8 

49 
292 
640 


18 
54 
273 
900 


1.05 

1.22 
1.03 
.91 


.60 
.70 
.50 

.85 


1.25 


Illinois 


1.25 


Marvland 


.95 


New Jersey 


.85 


Total. 


11,400 


11, 500 


13, 050 


1,138 


989 


1,245 


.98 


.74 


.89 






Late (sec. 1): 

Colorado 


1,610 

3 370 

3 1, 750 

3 560 


2,000 

800 

2,600 

3,100 


2,400 

850 

3,100 

3,150 


268 
» 34 
3 222 

3 88 


300 
72 
286 

558 


300 
51 
232 

284 


.81 
3 1.18 

3.78 

3 1.16 


.80 
1.00 
.95 
.75 


1.05 




1.25 


New York. 


1.25 


Pennsylvania 


.85 


Total... 


3,050 


8,500 


9,500 


455 


1,216 


867 


.89 


.82 


1.05 






Late (sec. 2): 

California 


1,410 

3,140 

3 920 

810 

6,060 

520 

850 

1,680 


3,200 

4,400 
700 
880 

6,100 
800 
300 

2,700 


4,100 
4,400 

700 
1,000 
6,300 

500 
1,000 
3,200 


262 
196 
3 99 

37 
592 

36 
*86 
167 


496 
211 

28 
44 

549 
64 
24 

135 


840 

194 
49 
40 

441 
30 
60 

176 


1.35 
1.05 
3 1.04 
1.19 
1.11 
1.07 
1.28 
.96 


1.15 
1.00 
.75 
.95 
1.25 
1.75 
1.70 
1.60 


1.25 


Louisiana 


.90 


Maryland 


.80 


Mississippi . 


.70 


New Jersey.. 


.70 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Virginia 


.80 

.60 
.60 


Total 


15,220 


19, 080 


21, 200 


3 1,455 


1,551 


1,830 


1.14 


1.22 


.97 






Grand total 


110, 600 


166,760 


164, 520 


» 9, 726 


2 12, 979 


12, 019 


1.41 


1.02 


1.22 


For manufacture: 

Maine ... 


1,010 

8,130 

2,720 

2,480 

4,630 

6,680 

1,590 

7,940 

950 

1,860 

2,480 

2,370 

2,260 

1,600 

790 

640 

610 

620 

5,350 


950 
7,400 
1,710 
3,500 
4,850 
6,300 
1,000 
9,500 

350 
1,200 
1,540 
1,500 

680 
1,100 

580 

760 
1,100 

540 
5,130 


1,100 

7,430 

1,860 

1,100 

5,400 

5,000 

750 

9,640 

400 

1,200 

1,500 

890 

700 

800 

670 

690 

1,340 

880 

5,030 


Short 
tons 
2,500 

12, 400 
3,400 
1,900 
4,900 
8,500 
1,700 

10,200 
1,200 
2,000 
2,200 
1,900 
1,900 
4,500 
2,000 
1,900 
2,100 
2,000 
5,900 


Short 
tons 
2,700 

12, 600 
2,000 
3,800 
8,700 

10, 100 
1,400 

13, 300 
400 
1,800 
1,200 
1,500 
600 
2,900 
1,900 
2,000 
6,200 
2,800 
5,600 


Short 

tons 

2,900 

10, 400 

2,200 

1,100 

6,500 

5,000 

1,100 

13,500 

100 

1,200 

1,800 

400 

700 

1,400 

2,000 

2,800 

7,600 

3,700 

6,200 


52.50 
67.20 
50.80 
50.60 
53.80 
62.40 
45.30 
49.80 
42.40 
43.30 
43.60 
48.10 
43.00 
52.00 
53.70 
55.80 
59.00 
84.20 
50.50 


39.20 
50.00 
41.20 
41.60 
39.20 
43.00 
36.00 
40.30 
25.00 
35.00 
32.50 
38.00 
30.00 
41.60 
37.70 
40.00 
53.00 
68.90 
39.00 


39.00 


New York 


49.80 


Pennsylvania... 


37.80 


Indiana 


44.40 


Michigan 


40.60 


Wisconsin 


45.90 


Delaware 


35.00 


Maryland 


42.80 


South Carolina 


30.00 


Tennessee 


35.60 


Mississippi 


37.50 


Arkansas 


37.80 


Louisiana 


27.50 


Colorado 


44.20 


Utah 


37.50 


Washington 


43.90 


Oregon 


56.60 


California 


54.40 


Other States * 


43.54 


Total 


1 54,710 


49.590 


46, 380 


73, 100 


81, 500 


70,600 


55.46 


43.06 


1 45. 04 



1 Bushels containing approximately 30 pounds. 

2 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Florida, spring, 284,000 
bushels in 1932; Texas, early, 278,000 bushels in 1932; Georgia, 66,000 bushels in 1930, 49,000 in 1932, and 144,000 
in 1935; South Carolina, second early, 176,000 bushels in 1930, 66,000 in 1932; late crop, 18,000 in 1932; North 
Carolina, 195,000 bushels in 1930 and 150,000 in 1931; Virginia, intermediate, 46,000 bushels in 1935. Price 
refers to harvested portion of crop. 

3 Short-time average. 

* Other States includes Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minne- 
sota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, 
Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning estab- 
lishments. 



130180—37- 



-10 



144 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 179. — Beans, snap: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1925-36 



State 












Calendar year » 










1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 




Cars 

62 

48 

127 

570 

459 

334 

27 

1,992 

84 

8S 

13 

683 

407 

5 

118 

116 


Cars 
39 
56 

197 
841 
550 
449 

52 
946 
174 
130 

18 
588 
414 

"I27" 

126 


Cars 

31 
203 
235 
877 

504 
425 

96 
2,583 

45 
143 

18 

662 

471 

5 

60 
123 


Cars 

49 
110 
246 
657 
690 
439 

48 

2,700 

119 

192 

69 
822 
294 
3 
116 
132 


Cars 

69 

61 

214 

1,025 

736 

779 

152 

3,254 

132 

312 

92 

1,156 

356 

153 


Cars 

30 
114 
352 
541 
998 
682 
230 
4,118 
233 
310 
130 
744 
654 
165 
119 
139 


Cars 

98 

129 

479 

598 

711 

721 

175 

4,319 

S3 

208 

36 

857 

607 

76 

92 

159 


Cars 

66 

58 

238 

663 

626 

563 

139 

6.941 

50 

284 

28 

525 

395 

10 

73 

136 


Cars 

15 

137 

178 
335 
474 
263 

48 
7,868 

16 

45 

3 

360 

489 

42 
173 

83 


Cars 

23 

185 

217 

545 

498 
473 
132 

9,328 

47 

418 

2 

769 
163 
6 
167 
97 


Cars 

21 

50 
180 
427 
659 
443 

88 
6,399 

38 
339 

12 

993 

3 129 

72 
165 

71 


Cars 
40 
123 


New Jersey 


Maryland 


292 


Virginia 


379 


Xorth Carolina 

South Carolina 


248 
148 

39 


Florida 

Tennessee 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 


5,411 

19 

439 

44 


Louisiana 

Texas 


917 
101 




72 




153 


Other States 


89 






Total.. 


5,133 


4,707 


6,481 


6,686 


8,626 


9,559 


9,348 


10, 795 


10, 529 


13, 070 


10, 086 


8,514 



1 Crop-movement season is for calendar year, except Florida which begins in October of the preceding 
year. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes 7 cars in January 1936. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. Beginning 1931 figures include lima beans in pod. 



Table 180.- 


-Beans, snap: Q 


uantity canned 1 


in the 


Un i 


ted States, 1933- 


36 


State 




1933 






1934 






1935 






1936 




Green 


Wax 


Total 


Green 


Wax 


Total 


Green 


Wax 


Total 


Green 


Wax 


Total 


Maine and Ver- 
mont 


1,000 

cases 

2 48 

719 

1,259 
187 
327 
427 
366 
68 

<176 

269 

66 

275 

106 

197 
83 
271 


1,000 
cases 

2 95 

209 

3 19 

35 

""117" 
160 

""(*)" 


1,000 
cases 
2 143 

928 

1,278 
222 
327 
544 
526 
68 

<176 

269 

66 

275 

106 


1.000 

cases 

73 

814 

1,284 
192 
293 
363 
518 
65 

100 

139 
53 
37 
104 
153 
416 
210 
343 


1,000 

cases 

165 

297 

25 
66 

~~182~ 

278 

"(*)" 

""l30" 


1,000 

cases 

238 

1,111 

1,309 
258 
293 
545 

796 
65 

100 

139 
53 
37 
104 
153 
416 
210 
473 


1,000 
cases 

105 

797 

1,328 

179 
363 

580 

519 

71 

166 

151 
71 
242 
164 
215 
517 
253 
310 


1,000 

cases 

199 

303 

19 
36 

"l89~ 

278 

~""39~ 

""67" 


1,000 

cases 

304 

1,100 

1,347 
215 
363 
769 

797 
71 

166 

151 
71 
281 
164 
215 
517 
253 
377 


1,000 

cases 

121 

776 

1,658 
228 
117 
333 
424 
8 

99 

61 
95 
157 
132 
162 
660 
150 
294 


1,000 

cases 

169 

280 

29 
65 

""78" 
191 

4 

""68" 
33 

""12" 

'"is 


1,000 

cases 

290 

1,056 

1,687 
293 

117 


Maryland and 

Delaware 

Pennsylvania 




411 




615 




15 


Kentucky and 
Tennessee 

Arkansas and 
Missouri .- 

Texas 


99 

65 
95 


Colorado .__ 


225 


Utah 


165 


Washington 


162 


""S3" 


197 

83 

324 


672 




150 


Other States 


312 


Total 


4,844 


688 


5,532 


5,157 


1,143 


6,300 


6,031 


1,130 


7,161 


5,475 


954 


6,429 



1 Stated in cases of 24 no. 2 cans. 

2 Maine alone. 

3 Maryland alone. 
* Tennessee alone. 

i Included in Other States. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from Department of Commerce reports, 1933, and National 
Canners' Association reports, 1934—36. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



145 



Table 181. — Beets, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 
and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Utilization, marketing 
season and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 
Early: 
Texas... 


Acres 
4,710 

1,950 
350 

3 110 


Acres 
6,000 

1,480 
280 
100 


Acres 
7,400 

1,300 

150~ 


1,000 

bushels ' 

2 830 

185 

53 

3 32 


1,000 
bushels i 
600 

200 

2 35 

25 


1,000 
bushels i 
2 1, 036 

162 

"~30~ 


Dollars 
0.35 

.50 

.75 

3.73 


Dollars 
0.37 

.48 
.38 
.75 


Dollars 
0.20 


Second early: 
Louisiana - . . 


.40 






South Carolina- 


.50 






Total 


2,390 

1,410 

480 

3 470 


1,860 


1,450 

1,550 
300 
480 


264 


2 260 


192 


.58 


.49 


.42 






Intermediate: 
New Jersey. 


1,600 
300 
480 


356 

89 

3 136 


520 
60 
154 


457 

2 60 

84 


.91 

.85 
3.78 


.70 
.55 
.60 


.90 


North Carolina .. 


.60 


Virginia 


.70 






Total 


2,260 


2,380 


2,330 


555 


734 


2 601 


.88 


.67 


.85 






Late: 


3 250 


400 


350 


3 81 


120 


108 


3.74 


.80 


.55 






Grand total ... 


9,560 


10, 640 


11, 530 


U,714 


2 1, 714 


2 1, 937 


.58 


.55 


.47 






For manufacture: 
New York. . . 


3 1,310 
3 540 
3 300 
3 540 

3 1, 970 
3 390 

3 1, 290 


2,540 
500 
340 
620 

2,430 
480 

1,300 


1,500 
400 
400 
650 

2,500 
900 

1,460 


Short 
tons 
3 7, 200 
3 3, 600 
3 900 
3 2, 800 
3 13, 000 
3 1, 700 
3 6, 700 


Short 
tons 

15, 200 
4,000 
1,400 
3,500 

14, 600 
1,900 
7,000 


Short 
tons 
6, 900 
1,600 
1,000 
4,000 
16, 500 
4,500 
7,900 


3 15. 50 
3 12. 90 
3 15. 00 
3 11. 10 

3 10. 00 
3 22. 80 
3 15. 77 


9.70 
16.50 
9.80 
8.20 
8.00 
20.00 
10.71 


16.80 


New Jersey ._.._._ _. 


18.00 




9.80 


Michigan.. .. 


7.90 




9.30 


Oregon 


20.00 


Other States 4 


11.01 






Total 


3 6, 340 


8,210 


7,810 


3 35, 900 


47, 600 


42, 400 


3 13. 28 


10.21 


12.19 







1 Bushels containing approximately 52 pounds. 

1 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Texas, 450,000 bushels in 
1931 and 236,000 in 1936; Mississippi, 5,000 bushels in 1935; North Carolina, 30,000 bushels in 1936. Price 
refers to harvested portion of crop. 

3 Short-time average. 

4 Other States includes California, Colorado, Delaware, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South 
Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Washington. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning establish- 
ments. 



Table 182.— 


Beets: 


Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 


1932- 


-35 




State 


Crop-movement season i 


State 


Crop-movement season ' 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 2 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 3 


California 


Cars 
1 
3 


Cars 
2 


Cars 

1 


Cars 
12 
1 
40 
7 
1 
.. 

"""136" 


North Carolina 

Ohio ... 


Cars 
67 


Cars 
29 

5 


Cars 
23 

1 


Cars 
9 


Florida.. . 


5 


Illinois-- 


21 
3 
5 
1 


39 
6 

16 
1 


Oklahoma 






Louisiana 


4 

1 


South Carolina. 

Texas 


4 
929 
188 


16 

579 

257 

2 

1 


8 

820 

266 

1 

13 


40 


Michigan 


562 






251 


Mississippi 








Missouri 


8 


1 

1 

70 


2 

1 

98 


Wisconsin 




1 




Total 








""I22" 


1,327 


993 


1,296 


1,068 









1 Crop-movement season covers 19 months, from October through the second following April; i. e., the 
1932 season begins October 1931 and ends April 1933. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



146 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 183. — Blackberries, dewberries, and loganberries: Carlot shipments, by 

State of origin, 1931-36 



State 


Crop-movement season • 


State 


Crop-movement season i 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


1931 

Cars 
116 

4 

5 

1 

179 


1932 

Cars 
51 
2 

1 


1933 

r~ 

Cars 
8 
9 

1 


1934 

Cars 

24 

3 


1935 


1936* 




Cars 
6 


Cars 
12 


Cars 
1 

1 


Cars 
10 
1 


Cars 
1 


Cars 


North Carolina.. 
Oregon 


Cars 
23 


Cars 
4 




1 






4 






South Carolina.. 
Texas 






2 








5 


6 

158 










3 

6 

7 






Washington 

Other States 


126 


40 


82 
2 


76 




37 


5 


4 

1 




1 


Michigan 

New Jersey 


5 
12 


11 
2 


Total 


374 


253 


76 


214 




113 


87 













i Crop-movement season extends from May through October of a given year. 2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 184. — Cabbage, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 

price per ton received by farmers, average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 

FOR MARKET AND SAUERKRAUT 1 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 

1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall: 

South Carolina 

Virginia, Norfolk 


Acres 
640 

170 


Acres 
1,300 
100 


Acres 
1,800 

120 


ISkorttons 
5,200 

700 


Short tons 

10, 400 

400 


Short 
tons 
9,000 
500 


Dollars 
41.80 
45.10 


Dollars 
20.00 
25.00 


Dollars 
2S.00 
30.00 


Total 


810 


1,400 


1,920 


5,900 


10, 800 


9,500 


42.20 


20.19 


28.11 






Early: 


4,680 

5,020 

3,460 

24,400 


6,900 
5,600 
1,800 
12, 600 


7,100 
9,000 
3,000 
38, 000 


2 27, 200 

2 30, 100 

13, 600 

2 140, 100 


49, 700 

29, 100 

8,300 

44,100 


51, 800 

36, 000 

10, 500 

2 209, 000 


23.40 
37.60 
24.80 
22.10 


16.90 
56.00 
23.00 
19.40 


14.40 




17.00 




18.50 


Texas 


10.30 






Total.. - 


37,560 


26,900 


57, 100 


2 211.000 


131, 200 


2 307, 300 


24.65 


26.81 


12.36 






Second early: 


1,800 
810 

3,070 
730 

2,820 

4,580 


1,600 
1,600 
5,800 
1,400 
3,000 
3,700 


1,000 
2,800 
6,600 
1,600 
3,000 
3,300 


10, 400 
4,700 

15, 200 

3,600 

2 25, 600 

21, 200 


2 8, 300 
8,000 

27,800 
6,300 

21, 000 

21, 300 


» 6, 000 

11, 200 
36. 300 

6,400 
2 24, 000 

8,200 


38.00 
30.50 
33.50 
32.40 
34.50 
29.30 


15.00 
38.00 
22.50 
26.00 
56.00 
16.40 


10.00 




12. Of) 




10.30 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


15.00 
15.00 
15.00 






Eastern Shore 

Norfolk 


1,470 
3.110 


1,900 
1,800 


1,600 

1,700 


8,200 
13, 000 


11,400 
9,900 


4,000 
4,200 


26.30 
31.40 


17.60 
15.00 


15.00 
15.00 






Total.- 


13, 810 


17, 100 


18, 300 


2 80, 700 


2 92, 700 


2 92, 100 


33.50 


30.13 


12.33 






Intermediate: 


270 
2,360 
1,570 

240 
2,590 
1,100 
4,460 

510 

1,570 
1,870 
770 
2,690 
3,280 
1,940 


200 
3,800 
1,640 

320 
3,300 
1,280 
7,500 

900 

1,950 

5,600 
630 
2,730 
4,500 
2,000 


180 
3,000 
1,240 

250 
2,500 
1,200 
6,000 

700 

2,300 
6,000 
560 
3,080 
4,100 
1,400 


1,000 
19, 300 
10, 800 

1,600 
12,800 

6.600 
23,700 

3,600 

14, 900 
8,000 
6,000 
15,700 
17,300 
16, 400 


900 
20, 900 

9,800 

2,000 
19, 800 

8,100 
51, 000 

4,000 

16,600 
40,300 

4,300 

16, 400 

1 20, 200 

8,000 


4C0 
9,000 
2,200 

700 

10, 000 
2,800 

32, 400 
3,900 

20, 200 

42,000 

1,500 

11, 700 
12, 300 
11,300 


21.00 
14.10 
14.10 
26.80 
25.40 
18.90 
23.00 
18.80 

20.30 
16.60 
21.00 
22.50 
18.00 
13.90 


30.00 
6.50 
6.00 
13.00 
12.00 
18.00 
12.00 
10.40 

20.00 
13.00 
18.00 
17.00 
12.70 
20.00 


40.00 




41.00 




44.00 




45.00 




40.00 




50.00 




35.00 




45.00 


New York, Long Is- 
land 


33.80 


North Carolina 

Ohio, southeast 


25.00 
62.00 
33.00 


Virginia, southwest. . 
Washington 


28.00 
22.00 






Total 


25,220 


36, 350 


32, 510 


157, 700 


2 222, 300 


160, 400 


18.85 

1 


13.11 


32.23 

















1 







See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF FEUITS AND VEGETABLES 



147 



Table 184. — Cabbage, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per ton received by farmers, average 1928-32, annual 1985 and 1936 — Con. 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Late (domestic): 
Colorado 


Acres 
1,550 
2,530 
3,850 
1,180 

10, 020 
3,200 
1,490 
3,040 
570 
9,130 


Acres 
1,970 
2,900 
4,960 
1,600 

11,600 
3,550 
1,200 
5,800 
420 

10, 970 


Acres 
1,930 
1,900 
4,800 
1,460 
8,900 
3, 220 
1,360 
6,600 
420 
8,100 


Short tons 

2 15, 800 

18, 500 

27, 300 

8,800 

2 81, 100 

25, 500 
11, 400 

26, 200 
7,400 

70, 600 


Short tons 
20, 700 
20, 300 
37, 200 

8,800 
127, 600 
28, 400 

9,000 
46, 400 

4,200 
71, 300 


Short 
tons 
18, 300 
10,400 
28,800 

5,800 
67, 600 
24,200 

8,200 
39, 600 

6,300 
43, 700 


Dollars 
13.30 
9.60 
7.50 
9.10 
10.30 
7.00 
16.70 
15.20 
10.80 
8.20 


Dollars 
7.00 
7.40 
7.80 
7.50 
5.50 
6.30 
18.00 
6.60 
8.00 
5.00 


Dollars 
42 00 


Indiana 


34 00 




29 00 




23 00 


New York ...... 


19 00 


Ohio 


24 50 


Oregon 


25 00 


Pennsylvania 

Utah 


28.50 
18 00 


Wisconsin .. ... 


20 50 






Total 


36, 560 


44, 970 


38, 690 


2 292, 600 


373, 900 


252, 900 


9.89 


6.39 


24 95 






Late (Danish) ■? 
Colorado 


2,060 
270 
640 

2,140 

20, 310 

480 

1,700 

7,590 


2,830 

460 

1,240 

2,200 

22, 400 

750 

3,000 

7,630 


2,770 
550 
1,200 
1,640 
18, 100 
780 
3,400 
6,900 


2 24, 400 

1,800 

4,900 

12, 800 

162, 500 

3,300 

12, 600 

56, 700 


32, 500 
3,400 
8,700 

14, 300 

156, 800 

5,200 

22, 500 

45, 800 


24, 900 

2,800 

5.400 

6; 600 

162, 900 

4,300 

25, 500 

34, 500 


11.80 
14.60 
13.50 
13.30 
12.40 
13.90 
14.80 
11.40 


7.50 
9.00 
9.00 
9.00 
9.30 
9.50 
9.30 
8.00 


30 00 




25.00 
22.50 






New York 


17 30 


Ohio 


20 00 


Pennsylvania 

Wisconsin 


18.50 
18.00 


Total 


35, 190 


40, 510 


35, 340 


2 279, 000 


289, 200 


266, 900 


12.09 


8.87 


19.06 




Grand total 


149, 150 


167, 230 


183, 860 


2 1, 026, 900 


2 1,120,100 21,089,100 


16.34 


12.80 


20.39 



CLASSIFIED BY UTILIZATION * 



For market: 
Fall to second early.. 
Intermediate: 


52, 190 

1,730 
1,680 
19,680 


45, 300 

2,900 

1,560 

29, 580 


75, 620 

2,200 

1,070 

27, 360 


2 297, 600 

14, 700 

14, 100 
114, 100 


» 234, 200 

15, 500 

5,000 
» 184, 700 


2 402, 200 

6,400 

8,300 

137, 300 


27.01 

15.20 
14.30 
21.14 


27.83 

6.40 
26.80 
13.80 


12.88 

51.10 
26.00 
32.67 


W ashington 

Other States 


Total 


23,090 


34, 040 


30, 630 


142, 900 


2 205, 200 


152, 000 


19.77 


13.60 


33 08 






Late (domestic): 


1,160 
1,030 
2,320 

770 
3,800 

700 
3,930 
4,730 


1,700 
1,900 
4,060 
1,420 
6,550 
2,350 
5,910 
6,990 


1,780 

900 
3,620 
1,330 
2,080 
1,870 
4,700 
7,850 


« 11, 300 

8,200 

15, 800 

5,300 

2 25, 400 

5,500 

28,500 

41, 700 


17, 900 

15, 300 
30, 600 
7,700 
70, 000 
15, 800 
44,000 
55, 400 


16, 700 

4,900 
21, 700 

5,300 
23,300 
13, 400 
27, 700 
49, 900 


15.10 
12.70 

8.50 
11.10 
17.10 
10.70 

9.10 
15.38 


7.30 
8.00 
8.30 
7.80 
6.70 
7.10 
4.90 
8.39 


43.20 

56.30 






Minnesota 

New York 


24.20 
30 20 


Ohio . 




Wisconsin .. 


23 60 


Other States 


27.47 


Total 


18,440 
35, 190 


30, 880 
40, 510 


24, 130 
35, 340 


2 141. 700 
» 279, 000 


256, 700 
289, 200 


162, 900 
266, 900 


12.86 
12.07 


7.10 
8.87 


31 48 


Late (Danish) 


19 06 






Total 


128, 910 


150, 730 


165, 720 


2 861, 200 


2 985, 300 


2 984, 000 


18.15 


13.85 


21 21 






For sauerkraut: 


6,220 

2,510 

1,500 

630 

1,530 

5,200 

410 

390 

260 

1,590 


5,050 

1,200 

1,000 

900 

900 

5,060 

180 

270 

440 

1,500 


6,820 

1,350 

1,000 

800 

1,180 

3,400 

130 

150 

330 

2,980 


55, 700 
20, 000 

10. 300 
4, 600 

11, 500 
42,200 

3,500 
4,400 
2,300 
11, 200 


57, 600 

12, 600 
5,000 
5,400 
6,600 

27, 300 
1,100 
2,800 
3,000 

13, 400 


44, 300 

10, 800 
5,500 
2,600 
7,100 

16, 000 

500 

1,600 

3.000 

13, 670 


7.70 
6.20 
6.80 

10.40 
6.40 
7.60 
6.60 
7.90 

11.20 
9.56 


4.10 
5.30 
5.60 
6.70 
5.60 
5.20 
5.30 
5.40 
8.60 
7.78 


13 10 


Ohio 


6 80 


Indiana 

Illinois . 


14.10 
16 10 




11 30 




15 20 


Minnesota.. . 


9 20 


Colorado . 


30 00 


Washington 


11.00 


Other States ■ 


13.90 


Total 


20,240 


16, 500 


18, 140 


165, 700 


134, 800 


105, 070 


7.53 


5.17 


13.06 







1 Combined estimates for market and for sauerkraut are given in this portion of the table. 

2 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: California, 7,500 tons in 1931; 
Florida, 7,100 tons in 1931; Texas, 37,500 tons in 1931 and 45,800 tons in 1936; Alabama, 3,300 tons in 1935 and 
2,000 in 1936; South Carolina (second early), 10,200 tons in 1931 and 6,000 in 1936; Virginia, southwest (inter- 
mediate), 2,000 tons in 1935; Colorado, 4,000 tons domestic and 8,300 tons Danish in 1932; New York (late), 
12,000 tons domestic in 1932. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

3 Average price for late Danish crop is computed only to Dec. 1. 

i All kjf these figures are included in the upper portion of this table, but they are segregated here for con - 
venient reference. 

{ Other States includes Iowa, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee , 
Texas, Utah, and Virginia. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and sauerkraut manu- 
facturers. 



148 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 185. — Cabbage: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1925-35 



State 



Crop-movement season l 



1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 > 



New York 

Pennsylvania... 

Ohio 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina^ 
South Carolina- 
Georgia 

Florida 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Louisiana 

Texas 

Colorado 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Other States.... 



Cars 

12, 545 

552 

414 
198 
573 

5,409 
873 
265 
238 

2.225 
356 

3,421 
91 

1,936 
317 

1,270 
674 
644 

4,048 

1,432 
103 
170 
650 
620 



Cars 
12, 898 
523 
544 
195 
287 

5,177 

1,125 
459 
166 

1, 814 
341 

2,671 
66 

1,667 
609 

1,586 
990 
331 

6,093 

1,274 
154 
47 



Total 39,024 40,378 39,331 



Cars 
14, 080 
420 
765 
193 
375 

4,547 

1,009 
435 
293 

2,720 
292 

1.900 
58 

1.051 
667 

1,803 
710 
592 

5,546 
683 
139 
47 
360 
646 



Cars 

8,636 
252 
581 
329 
428 

6,412 

1, 493 
566 
266 

2,444 
254 

2.209 
14 

1,168 
823 
861 

1,249 
592 

7,242 

1,162 

82 

65 

798 

801 



38, 727 



Cars 
10, 609 
302 
555 
296 
256 

5.395 

1,200 
442 
428 

3.969 
261 

2,549 
117 

3,136 

1,256 
857 

1,689 
549 

7,905 
810 
168 
43 
512 
827 



44, 131 



Cars 

11,917 

216 

66 

355 

153 

5,959 

683 

504 

67 

1,772 

214 

2,731 

5 

2,271 

952 

676 

931 

265 

5.347 

1,164 

85 

27 

837 

1,007 



5.204 



Cars 
12,014 
194 
484 
188 
137 

3,156 

493 

184 

75 

1,821 
189 

1,864 
6 

3, 261 
330 

1,166 

1,148 
616 

8,916 
602 
108 
78 
243 
627 



37,900 



Cars 

9,778 

8S 

126 

390 

329 

3.292 

778 

425 

70 

1,050 

58 

934 

68 

1,521 

316 

817 

718 

485 

5,225 

464 

49 



836 
325 



29. 142 



Cars 
5,614 
173 
105 
71 
85 
2,272 



163 

1,535 
127 

1,701 
201 

2,873 
506 
583 
796 
236 

2,997 
497 
161 
300 
599 
415 



Cars 
9,384 

112 

104 
55 

298 
7,572 

731 



114 

787 

211 

3,347 

848 

1,263 

1,991 

1,112 

8,240 

197 

45 

10 

321 

321 



22,921 138,07 



Cars 

6,648 
121 
112 
80 
52 

3, 657 
470 
184 
25 
897 
122 

1,932 
92 

2, 196 

1,050 
227 

1,674 
118 

1,943 
610 

1 

1,160 

236 



3 23,614 



1 Crop-movement season covers 17 months, from December through the second following April; i. e., the 
1925 season begins December 1924 and ends April 1926. Figures for certain States include shipments for 
month preceding or following the regular crop-movement season. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes 1 car for emergency relief. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



Table 186. — Cantaloups and other muskmelons: 1 Carlot shipments, by State of 

origin, 1925-36 



State 


Crop-movement season J 




























1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936' 




Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Indiana 


1,089 


629 


415 


465 


389 


184 


278 


239 


136 


278 


109 


191 


Michigan.. ... 


146 


84 


77 


52 


16 


13 


16 


13 


29 


4 






Delaware. 


657 


551 


427 


427 


285 


193 


233 


190 


172 


194 


233 


121 


Marvland 


1,116 


1,283 


1,159 


1,002 


561 


274 


347 


264 


116 


120 


178 


130 


X. Carolina 


655 


401 


606 


304 


88 


19 


110 


180 


178 


200 


181 


135 


S. Carolina 


33 


173 


179 


94 


44 


125 


89 


224 


319 


119 


473 


166 


Georgia 


117 


136 


108 


104 


76 


138 


83 


83 


120 


88 


138 


91 


Arkansas 


1,245 


1,127 


788 


854 


413 


245 


443 


541 


119 


163 


87 


30 


Texas. 


498 
3,837 


514 

5,108 


242 

3,980 


244 

2,789 


176 
4,664 


358 
4,088 


758 
2,790 


583 
2,555 


399 
2,520 


373 
922 


232 
2,232 


186 


Colorado 


2,396 


New Mexico... 


574 


640 


415 


370 


352 


416 


612 


560 


234 


198 


317 


383 


Arizona 


3,833 


3,712 


5,217 


5,901 


5.457 


5,834 


4,542 


3,109 


1,922 


2,468 


3,022 


3,426 


Washington 


221 


145 


252 


258 


382 


282 


150 


105 


36 


46 


20 


66 


California 


18, 707 


18, 320 


22,406 


25, 307 


26, 850 


23, 626 


25, 707 


17, 269 


12, 602 


13, 848 


12, 673 


12, 370 


Other States... 


1,091 


601 


486 


523 


289 


384 


424 


407 


252 


279 


281 


318 


Total 


33,819 


33, 424 


36, 757 


38, 694 


40, 042 


36, 179 


36, 582 


26, 322 


19, 154 


19, 300 


20,176 


20,009 



1 Includes Honey Ball. Honey Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons. Melons other than cantaloups were 
not reported separately until 1923. Shipments are as follows: 1925, 3,654 cars; 1926, 6,484 cars; 1927, 6,516 cars; 
1928, 9,719 cars; 1929, 11,894 cars; 1930, 12,352 cars; 1931, 12,207 cars; 1932, 9,107 cars; 1933, 6,605 cars; 1934, 7,002 
cars; 1935, 8,030 cars; 1936, 7,834 cars. These figures are classified by States in table 188. 

' Crop-movement season extends from April through November of a given year. Figures for California 
include shipments in December, following the regular crop-movement season. 

* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



149 



Table 187. — Cantaloups and other muskmelons, 1 commercial crop: Acreage, pro- 
duction, and season average price per crate received by farmers; average 1928-32, 
annual 1985 and 1936 







Acreage 




Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Early: 

California, Imperial 

Florida. 


Acres 

44,020 

510 


Acres 

28, 650 

200 


Acres 

24, 150 

200 


1,000 

crates ' 

3 6,588 

26 


1,000 

crates 2 

3,639 

12 


1,000 

crates ■ 

3,743 

12 


Dollars 
1.37 
1.65 


Dollars 
1.20 
1.50 


Dollars 
1.40 
1.25 






Total _. 


44,530 


28, 850 


24, 350 


3 6, 614 


3,651 


3,755 


1.36 


1.20 


1.40 






Second early: 


12,900 

3,280 

15, 050 

780 

180 

1,530 

520 

990 

5,410 


10,000 
2,500 

11,850 
5,000 
120 
3,600 
1,000 
3,300 
6,000 


11,500 
2,000 
9,900 
5,700 
160 
3,800 
1,000 
3,300 
6,350 


3 1, 863 

231 

3 2, 726 

62 

24 

133 

40 

99 

3 384 


3 1, 400 

150 

2,145 

250 

11 

252 

70 

264 

390 


3 1, 610 

100 

1,832 

399 

20 

228 

50 

165 

286 


.95 
.89 
.90 
1.15 
1.04 
.93 
.89 
1.00 
.96 


1.10 
.65 
.80 
1.10 
1.50 
.80 
.60 
.50 
.83 


1. 15 




.65 


California, other 

Georeia 


.95 
.75 


Nevada... 


1.00 


North Carolina .. 


1.00 


Oklahoma .- 


.60 


South Carolina 


.75 


Texas 








Total. 


40, 640 


43, 370 


43, 710 


3 5, 562 


3 4. 932 


3 4, 690 


.94 


.86 


.96 






Intermediate: 

Delaware. 


2,360 
960 
4,490 
7,100 
2,050 
240 
1,760 


3,460 
820 
6,500 
8,500 
1,100 
250 
2,200 


3,500 
1,000 
7,000 
8,100 
1,100 
200 
2,700 


256 

86 

428 

631 

3 255 

18 

218 


519 
41 
390 
978 
117 
19 
187 


368 
60 
420 
770 
148 
10 
526 


1.01 
1.29 
1.27 
1.16 
1.11 
1.28 
.78 


.50 
.65 
.55 
.75 
1.25 
.75 
.60 


.85 


Illinois 




Indiana 


.75 


Maryland . 


.85 


New Mexico 


1.30 
.90 


Washington 


.70 






Total 


18, 960 


22, 830 


23,600 


3 1, 892 


2,251 


2,302 


1.12 


.67 


.82 






Late: 

Colorado 


9,090 

680 

450 

3,680 

270 

3,520 

<460 

<680 

<480 


6,240 
700 
400 

4,900 
80 

4,900 
850 
650 
510 


7,800 
500 
400 

4,900 
50 

4,300 
750 
700 
650 


1,588 

60 

51 

387 

33 

348 

*49 

<100 

<48 


1,030 
60 
36 

710 
3 

539 
85 
94 
61 


1,170 
32 

16 

564 

8 

366 

64 
116 

65 


.90 
1.10 
.85 
1.32 
1.24 
1.52 
<1.37 
*.90 
*.48 


. 75 
1.05 
.90 
.80 
1.00 
.80 
.95 
.90 
.90 


.50 


Iowa 


.85 


Kansas 


.80 


Michigan 


1.10 


Nevada 


1.25 


New Jersey. ... 


.90 


Ohio... 


1.20 


Oregon 


.90 


Utah- 


.85 






Total 


18,790 


19, 230 


20, 050 


2,606 


2,618 


2,401 


1,04 


.79 


.76 








122, 920 


114, 280 


111,710 


3 16,674 


3 13,452 


3 13,148 


1.13 


.« 


1.03 







1 Includes Honey Ball, Honey Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons not separately reported. 

1 Standard crates (45's) containing approximately 60 pounds. 

1 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: California, Imperial, 1,693,000 
crates in 1932; Arizona, 360,000 crates in 1932; 350,000 in 1935, and 410,000 in 1936; California, other, 758,000 
crates in 1932; Texas, 433.000 crates in 1931, and 182,000 in 1932; New Mexico, 109,000 crates in 1932. Price 
refers to harvested portion of crop. 

* Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



150 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 188. — Miscellaneous muskmelons: Carlot shipments by State of origin, 1935 

and 1936 



State 


Casaba 


Honey Ball 


Honey Dew 


Persian 


Mixed melons 


Total 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 


North Carolina 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 

7 

27 


Cars 
1 
6 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 


Cars 

7 

29 

2 

5 

1,095 

45 

91 

6,754 

2 


Cars 
1 


South Carolina 














2 
2 
3 

47 


2 

6~ 

80 


8 


Arkansas 
















Texas . . . 






2 






7 
1,446 






13 


Colorado 


1 


1 


3 


1,047 
45 
70 

3,800 






1,530 
















5 
1,446 


13 
1,281 


82 
3,628 






16 
1,223 


57 
1,023 


152 




81 
2 


67 


204 


131 


6,130 


Oregon 


























Total 


84 


68 


1,453 


1,297 


4,996 


5,170 


204 


131 


1,293 


1,168 


8,030 


7,834 



Note.— If the above totals by States are subtracted from the totals in table 
muskmelons), the remaining figures will represent cantaloups alone. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



(cantaloups and other 



Table 189. — Carrots, commercial crop for market: 1 Acreage, production, and 
season average price per bushel received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 
1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall: 

California 


Acres 
3,280 

3 460 
8,100 


Acres 
6,800 

1,140 
9,100 


Acres 
7,100 

900 
10, 100 


1,000 

bushels 2 

1,831 

3 135 
1 1, 732 


1,000 

bushels J 

3,346 

342 
1,183 


1,000 

bushels 2 

3,337 

261 
« 1, 616 


Dollars 
0.69 

3.83 
.41 


Dollars 
0.65 

1.00 
.37 


Dollars 
0.75 


Early: 


.60 


Texas 


.20 






Total 


8,470 


10, 240 


11,000 


* 1.840 


1,525 


* 1,877 


.44 


.51 


.26 






Second early: 

California (spring) 


6,370 

1,490 

690 


10. 700 
790 
350 


11,300 
700 

300 


« 3, 073 
239 
120 


4,943 

97 

<47 


5,650 

84 

<36 


.67 
.47 
.60 


.60 
.60 
.31 


.55 
.40 




.40 






Total 


8,550 


11, 840 


12, 300 


* 3, 432 


• 5, 0S7 


4 5, 770 


.64 


.60 


.55 






Intermediate: 


1,200 
380 
300 


1,200 
100 


1,200 
150 


319 
♦80 

89 


360 
15 


348 
15 


.94 
.45 


.75 
.60 


.85 


North Carolina 


.65 


















Total 


1.880 


1,300 


1,350 


*488 


375 


363 


.83 


.74 


.84 






Late:' 

Colorado 


440 

400 

* 80 

3 760 

170 

2,230 

3 450 

3 520 

3 320 

3 560 


610 
300 
100 
800 
260 
1,580 
600 
720 
500 
580 


730 
240 
80 
500 
200 
1,430 
500 
800 
420 
620 


103 

188 

3 40 

3*505 

94 

1,068 

3 246 

3 242 

3 142 

»178 


152 
132 

45 
448 

88 
774 
360 
306 
210 
290 


153 
84 
32 
240 
60 
543 
250 
360 
168 
298 


.54 

.61 

3.54 

3.38 

.42 

.50 

3.55 

8.24 

3.92 

3.22 


.50 
.65 
.30 
.25 
.40 
.38 
.35 
.40 
.75 
.35 


.80 


Illinois - 


.75 




.55 




.45 


Minnesota. 


.60 
.50 


Ohio 


.60 


Oregon ... 


.60 




.75 




.35 






Total 


5.400 


6,050 


5,520 


* 2, 536 


2.805 


2,188 


.53 


.40 


.56 






Grand total 


27,580 


36.230 


37, 270 


■ 10, 127 


♦13,138 


• 13. 535 


.59 


.56 


.57 



• Includes undetermined quantities used for manufacture in some States. 

2 Bushels containing approximately 50 pounds. 

3 Short-time average. 

4 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Texas, 696,000 bushels In 1931 
and 240,000 in 1936; California (second earlv), 300,000 bushels in 1929 and 878,000 in 1931; Mississippi, 7,000 
bushels in 1935 and 5,000 in 1936; North Carolina, 44,000 bushels in 1930; 60,000 in 1931 and 40,000 in 1932; 
Michigan, 335,000 bushels in 1932. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

* Average price for late States is computed only to Dec. 1. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES \^\ 

Table 190. — Carrots: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1924-35 



State 


Crop-movement season ' 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 » 


New York 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Virginia 

Mississippi. .- 
Louisiana 


Cars 

2,262 

3 

55 

5 

1 

266 

32 

282 

26 


Cars 

1,825 

23 

54 

59 

40 

197 

106 

575 

29 


Cars 

1,845 

2 

77 

84 

10 

209 

70 

1,136 

62 

11 

30 

557 

211 


Cars 

2,430 

13 

91 

80 

44 

496 

177 

903 

10 

11 

10 

2,363 

225 


Cars 

1,484 

96 

208 

59 

137 

230 

99 

1,685 

216 

9 

96 

2,938 

198 


Cars 

2,111 

33 

204 
123 

110 

108 

71 

2,860 

96 

108 

23 

6,095 

207 


Cars 

2,188 

37 

141 

62 

67 

28 

84 

2,145 

43 

157 

14 

7,208 

220 


Cars 

1,882 

38 

319 

18 

47 

12 

41 

1,181 

44 

254 

88 

7,403 

187 


Cars 

1,537 

14 

92 

32 

6 

7 

17 

1,492 

3 

310 

42 

6,317 

96 


Cars 

1,427 

5 

153 

70 

2 

5 

10 

1,110 

49 

306 

60 

6,332 

42 


Cars 

1,G89 

48 

151 

12 

4 

- 

635 
22 

302 

26 

9,452 

39 


Cars 

1,437 

57 

71 

28 

6 

1 

703 


Colorado 


115 

852 


Washington.. 

California 

Other States- 


11 
157 
214 


8 
278 
233 


6 

8,830 

70 


Total... 


3,314 


3,427 


4,304 


6,853 


7,455 


12, 149 


12, 392 


11,514 


9,965 


9,571 


12, 384 


3 12,176 



1 Crop-movement season covers 21 months, beginning in October of the previous year in such early ship- 
ping States as California, Louisiana, and Texas, and extending through June of the following year, i. e., the 
1924 season begins in October 1923, and ends in June 1925, in order to include shipments from storage in 
Northern States and to have season comparable with acreage and production. 

2 Preliminary. 

* Includes 91 cars for emergency relief. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 191. — Cauliflower, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per crate received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall and winter: 


Acres 

530 

6,420 

950 

a 450 


Acres 

300 

9,660 

1,500 

100 


Acres 
300 

8,100 
400 


1,000 

crates ' 

131 

1, 813 

301 

3 79 


1,000 

crates ' 

52 

2,087 

525 

20 


1,000 
crates ' 

66 
1,822 

64 


Dollars 

1.07 

.69 

.93 

».85 


Dollars 
0.50 
.45 
.45 
.40 


Dollars 
0.75 


California. .. 


.70 




.60 










Total.. 


7,990 


11,560 


8,800 


2,261 


2,684 


1,952 


.74 


.45 


.70 






Early: 

California (spring) 

Oregon (spring) 


8,030 
600 


5,950 
300 


8,500 
150 


2,141 
94 


1, 850 
36 


2,465 
26 


.79 
.91 


.80 
.80 


.70 
.70 






Total.. 


8,630 


6,250 


8,650 


2,235 


1,886 


2,491 


.80 


.80 


.70 






Late: 

Colorado 


3,210 

800 

6,150 


2,750 
1,100 
5,650 

3,800 
1,850 


3,200 
1,200 
5,940 


*929 
109 
894 


*688 

192 

1,404 


704 

270 

1,472 


.76 

2.13 

.91 


.55 
1.00 

1.11 


.45 




1.25 


New York 


1.33 






Long Island 


3,540 
2,610 


4,200 
1,740 


589 
305 


969 
435 


1,155 
317 


.90 
.91 


1.10 
1.14 


1.35 


Other 


1.25 






Utah 


180 
490 


100 
1,100 


80 
1,150 


74 
156 


40 
220 


33 
276 


.93 
.85 


.60 
.90 


1.00 


Washington 


.70 






Total 


10, 830 


10, 700 


11, 570 


3 2, 162 


3 2, 544 


2,755 


.91 


.95 


1.03 








27, 450 


28, 510 


29, 020 


3 6, 658 


3 7,114 


7,198 


.81 


.72 


.83 







1 Crates containing approximately 39 pounds (US bushels). 
J Estimates for 1932. Not reported prior to 1932. 

1 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Colorado, 176,000 crates in 
1932, and 127,000 in 1935. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



152 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 192. — Cauliflower: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1926-27 to 1935-86 



State 


Crop-movement season ' 


1926-27 


1927-28 


1928-29 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 3 


Arizona 


Cars 

12 

4,730 

220 

1 


Cars 
23 

7,040 

411 

18 


Cars 
58 

7,532 

843 

26 


Cars 

41 

6,930 

1,500 

2 


Cars 

131 

7,081 

1,309 


Cars 

186 

6,537 

1,495 


Cars 

211 

5,595 

1,137 


Cars 
208 

4,919 
958 


Cars 

70 

5,194 

660 


Cars 
99 




5,323 
752 


Colorado 


Florida 


3 


Maine 








2 


1 


4 


Michigan 






10 

7 




3 


1 






Minnesota. 


13 


13 










New Jersey... 














17 




1,019 

780 

43 

17 

50 


696 
559 

51 
172 
6 
49 
10 


574 
502 

155 
150 

7 
31 

3 


375 
421 

18 
176 


234 
671 

1 
89 


184 

1,001 

91 

59 


171 

538 

10 

29 


178 

1,209 

2 

32 


186 
954 


488 




67 


Texas. ... 




Utah 

Virginia,. . .. .. 




19 


Washington 

Other States 


69 
3 


92 


205 
3 


182 
2 


137 


74 
2 


136 








Total 


6,892 


9,046 


9,898 


9,535 


9,611 


9,762 


7,941 


7,645 


7,141 


6,908 



1 Crop-movement season covers 15 months, from May through the second following July; i. e., the 1926-27 
season begins May 1926 and ends July 1927. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 193. — Celery, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per crate received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 

1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall and winter: 

California 


Acres 
7,180 

1,290 
6,330 


Acres 
8,190 

1,700 
6,000 


Acres 
9,050 

2,400 
6,500 


1,000 

crates J 

1,240 

650 

1,883 


1,000 

crates ' 

1,572 

571 
1,680 


1,000 

crates l 

1,538 

816 
1,722 


Dollars 
1.18 

1.91 
2.49 


Dollars 
1.60 

2.20 
2.60 


Dollars 
1.90 


Early 

California (spring). 

Florida 


1.80 
2.60 






Total 


7,620 


7,700 


8,900 


2,533 


2,251 


2,538 


2.33 


2.50 


2.34 






Second early: 

California (summer) 

Intermediate: 


1,000 

80 

2,330 

900 

400 


1,300 

110 

1,900 

1,000 

350 

700 


1,900 

100 

1,800 

1,200 

360 

630 


J 590 

19 

705 
189 
101 


577 

27 
475 
210 

98 
140 


969 

25 
486 
330 

115 

158 


1.66 

1.77 
1.61 
1.50 
2.02 


2.65 

1.60 
1.35 
1.50 

1.12 
1.60 


2.35 

1.80 




1.70 




1.88 




1.50 


Ohio 


2.25 


Total 


3,710 


4,060 


4,090 


1,014 


950 


1,114 


1.62 


1.40 


1.81 




. 


Late (sec. 1): s 


970 

3, 410 

4,950 

690 

470 

1,160 


1,180 
4,100 
3,800 
500 
500 
1,230 


1,300 

3,500 

3,600 

500 

500 

1,000 


2 240 
829 

1,635 
162 
206 
276 


283 
615 
1,140 
70 
185 
246 


325 
700 
954 

125 
190 
300 


1.15 
1.11 
1.23 
1.72 
1.42 
1.85 


1.00 
1.10 
1.25 
1.40 
1.50 
1.90 


1.70 


Michigan 


.90 




.75 


Ohio 


1.20 




1.30 


Pennsylvania 


1.35 


Total 


11,650 


11,310 


10,400 


2 3, 348 


2,539 


2.594 


1.27 


1.27 


1.04 


Late (sec. 2) -3 


120 
130 
510 
460 
240 


100 
180 
600 
400 
550 


80 
180 
500 
400 

850 


82 
29 
95 
117 
120 


30 
25 

120 
92 

192 


32 
40 
125 

94 
332 


1.11 
1.37 
1.55 
1.09 

1.68 


1.20 
1.20 
1.60 
2.00 
1.70 


.95 




1.10 




1.50 


"Utah 


2.00 


Washington 


1.00 


Total 


1,460 


1,830 


2,010 


443 


459 


623 


1.35 


1.67 


1.26 


Grand total 


32, 620 


34, 390 


36, 350 


2 9, 168 


8,348 


9. 376 


1.61 


1.80 


1.7 
8 



i Two-thirds size (New York) crates, containing approximately 90 pounds. 

' Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions- California (summer), 210,000 
crates in 1932; Colorado, 39,000 crates in 1932. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 
3 Average price for late States computed only to Dec. 1. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ^53 

Table 194. — Celery: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1925-36 





Crop-movement season ' 




1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


New York 

New Jersey... 
Pennsylvania- 
Michigan 

Florida 

Idaho . 


Cars 

4,492 

149 

208 

2,224 

7,952 

29 

399 

398 

4,554 

4 

105 


Cars 

4,898 

138 

194 

1,880 

5,504 

19 

211 

511 

6,226 

5 

75 


Cars 

5,893 

106 

169 

1,997 

7,499 

46 

161 

625 

7,696 

16 

109 


Cars 

4,192 

32 

71 

2,139 

8, 413 

121 

188 

605 

8,384 

14 

121 


Cars 

3,847 

53 

105 

1,852 

8,831 

262 

149 

673 

9, 580 

51 

87 


Cars 

5,451 

32 

81 

1,606 

9,838 

287 

136 

647 

8,480 

19 

50 


Cars 

3,875 
25 
61 

1,304 

8,245 

97 

53 

622 

8,358 
70 
30 


Cars 

4,688 

32 

36 

861 

7,931 
99 
80 
412 

7,834 
62 
20 


Cars 

2, 529 

26 

15 

877 

6,987 

63 

39 

421 

5,922 
77 
16 


Cars 

2,578 

16 

2 

711 

8,352 

68 

47 

572 

6,578 

171 

16 


Cars 

2,813 

5 

""4I9" 

7,251 

15 

21 

459 

6, 953 

224 

19 


Cars 

2,441 

4 

1 

599 

7,580 

23 


Colorado 

Oregon 

California 

Washington .. 
Other States.. 


15 

528 

7, 520 

342 

37 


Total... 


20, 514 


19, 661 


24, 317 


24, 280 


25, 490 


26, 627 


22, 740 


22, 055 


16, 972 


19, 111 


18,179 


19, 090 



1 Crop-movement season covers 20 months, from September through the second following April; i. e., the 
1925 season begins September 1924 and ends April 1926. 

2 Preliminary. Includes shipments through Jan. 16, 1936. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



Table 195. — Cherries: Production in 12 States l and season average price per ton 
received by farmers, average 1928-82, and annual 1934-36 





Production * 


Price for crop of— 


State 


Average, 
1928-32 


1934 


1935 


1936* 


1934 


1935 


1936 3 


New York... . 


Short tons 
* 18, 379 
5 2, 657 
» 17,918 
5 7, 228 
5 3, 115 
21, 200 


Short tons 
19, 220 
1,160 
18, 060 
6,344 
3,660 
26, 560 
1,570 
24, 990 
4,400 
750 
2,982 
5,920 
3,850 
12, 500 
11,000 
16, 700 


Short tons 

22, 550 

1,950 

20, 600 

7,360 

4,260 

26, 660 

2,220 

24, 440 

6,050 

524 

3,024 

4,662 

3,540 

12, 600 

13,900 

15, 000 


Short tons 

12, 840 

1,400 

11,440 

3,630 

770 

27, 450 

2,080 

25, 370 

1,700 

130 

1,890 

810 

5,330 

15, 000 

14, 500 

22, 000 


Dollars 
47.50 
85.00 
45.00 
40.00 
40.00 
47.10 
80.00 
45.00 
50.00 
70.00 
65.00 
45.00 
55.00 
75.00 
75.00 
90.50 


Dollars 
61.10 

125. 00 
55.00 
40.00 
40.00 
60.80 

125.00 
55.00 
40.00 
80.00 
55.00 
50.00 
80.00 
85.00 

100. 00 

125. 00 


Dollars 
65.40 


Sweet 


110 00 


Sour . .. 


60.00 


Pennsylvania 


60.00 


Ohio 


60.00 


Michigan ...... 


63.80 


Sweet... 


110.00 


Sour .. . 




60.00 




6,583 
556 
3,160 
3,315 
3,580 
13, 575 
10, 513 
1 18, 760 


60 00 


Montana 


95.00 


Idaho 


65.00 


Colorado 


80.00 


Utah 


60.00 


Washington 


80.00 


Oregon 


85.00 


California ... 


101.25 






12 States 


4 107, 896 


113, 886 


120, 130 


106, 050 


59.54 


72.96 


76.73 







1 Estimates include only certain States where total production can be calculated from commercial sales 
(shipments, canning, cold pack, etc.) and differ from previously published commercial estimates for some 
States by an increased allowance for farm and local use. 

> Production includes both sweet and sour cherries. 

1 Preliminary. 

4 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of price as follows: New York, 2,550 tons in 1931 and 
6,663 tons in 1932; California, 3,000 tons in 1931 and 2,500 tons in 1932. 

1 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



154 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 196. — Cherries: Census enumeration of trees not of bearing age and trees of 
bearing age, 1920, 1980, and 1985 





1920 


1930 


1935 


State and division 


Trees not of 
bearing age 


Trees of 
bearing age 


Trees not of 
bearing age 


Trees of 
bearing age 


Trees not of 
bearing age 


Trees of 
bearing age 


Maine 


4,012 

5,928 
9,811 
13,123 
1,188 
8,806 


12, 223 
11,035 
14, 393 
18, 239 

1,181 

13, 759 


1,809 
1,652 
3,911 
4,043 
537 
2,781 


5,600 
4,675 
12,807 
10, 639 
788 
8,351 


1,647 
3,221 
2,690 
4,432 
701 
7,587 


6,075 


New Hampshire 


8,965 


Vermont 


14, 132 


Massachusetts 


17, 589 


Rhode Island 


1,697 


Connecticut 


19, 176 






New England 


42, 868 


70, 830 


14, 733 


42, 860 


20, 278 


67, 634 






New York... 


279, 864 
32,614 
217, 046 


1, 027, 203 
101,542 
951, 924 


352, 026 
10,238 
192, 957 


875, 753 

50, 928 

600, 889 


249, 198 
10, 307 
183, 274 


1,150,671 


New Jersev 


47, 789 


Pennsjdvania 


677, 790 






Middle Atlantic 


529, 524 


2, 0S0. 669 


555, 221 


1, 527, 570 


442, 779 


1, 876, 250 


Ohio.... 


195, 187 
132, 006 
217, 124 
351, 892 
84, 215 


805, 838 
475, 333 
536, 458 
1, 076, 748 
437, 480 


136, 575 

50, 174 

60, 248 

994, 786 

264, 595 


399, 365 
139, 448 
188, 057 
1, 187, 028 
454, 793 


161, 538 
75, 596 
97, 583 
535, 467 
236, 066 


535, 686 


Indiana 


166, 259 


Illinois 


245, 150 


Michigan . 


2, 250, 296 


Wisconsin 


829, 438 






East North Central 


980,424 


3, 331, 857 


1,506,378 


2, 368, 691 


1,106,250 


4, 026, 829 


Minnesota 


27,921 

130, 199 

333, 180 

9,364 

29, 563 
120,194 
1S4, 093 


38,120 
391,226 
522, 026 
15,877 
32,366 
289,221 
395,436 


10, 864 

64, 488 

83, 800 

4,875 

10, 687 

10L 882 

128, 180 


19,881 

187, 566 

160, 181 

7,615 

21,822 
207, 230 
208,490 


9, 979 
85,918 
125, 099 
1,758 
4,093 
57,219 
74, 922 


27, 676 


Iowa 


250, 156 


Missouri 


222, 769 


North Dakota 


11,143 


South Dakota 


13, 930 


Nebraska 


219, 263 


Kansas 


215, 745 






West North Central 


834,514 


1, 684. 272 


404,776 


812, 785 


358,988 


960, 682 


Delaware 


4,006 
17,397 
188 
55, 251 
81,504 
71,880 
27,557 
27, 156 
64 


12, 700 

71, 139 

197 

236, 199 

284, 739 

158, 187 

60, 740 

62,415 

39 


827 

8,218 

2 

40,996 

66,859 

76, 551 

16, 770 

21, 070 

1,296 


4,642 
37, 872 
40 
179, 382 
249,567 
181,116 
27, 509 
34, 498 
1,028 


498 

8,356 

2 

49, 405 

88, 302 

94, 840 

17,816 

38, 467 

150 


1,547 


Maryland 


34, 657 


District of Columbia 


43 


Virginia. _. 

West Virginia .. 


192, 004 
244, 650 


North Carolina 


224,368 


South Carolina 


30,012 


Georgia 


46, 739 


Florida... 


175 






South Atlantic 


285, 003 


886, 355 


232, 589 


715, 654 


297, 836 


774, 195 






Kentucky 

Tennessee 


72, 596 

98, 714 

10, 665 

4,968 


171, 604 

220, 625 

20, 237 

6,804 


63, 642 

119,586 

20, 944 

4,429 


87, 620 

168, 171 

17, 150 

3,542 


105, 379 

175,551 

23, 493 

5,793 


143,717 
193, 126 


Alabama 


30. 773 




9,211 






East South Central 


186, 943 


419, 270 


208, 601 


276, 483 


310.216 


376, 827 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


65, 264 

837 

101,091 

22,755 


82, 921 

1,181 

145,832 

25, 236 


22, 651 

1,168 

75, 970 

45, 379 


32, 030 

1,089 

122, 709 

39, 239 


28, 722 

1,290 

54, 120 

19, 355 


43, 084 

1,588 

95, 881 

38, 076 


West South Central 


189,947 


255, 170 


145, 168 


195, 067 


103,487 


178, 629 




4,073 
25, 877 

8,255 
74, 799 
12, 544 

1,250 

7,646 
920 


65, 633 

117,672 

1,921 

348, 832 

28, 173 

1,500 

112,695 

1,172 


26, 490 

47, 835 

1,429 

230, 218 

13,118 

912 

114, 230 

234 


31,930 

100, 524 

1,755 

286, 111 

27,545 

965 

110, 050 

1,016 


41.058 

32,416 

1,839 

207,463 

10,518 

^ 1. 651 

99, 379 

831 


41,167 


Idaho 


106,718 


Wyoming 


3,119 


Colorado 


393, 105 




31, 745 


Arizona 


1,456 


Utah 


151,438 




1,234 








135, 364 


677, 598 


434, 466 


559, 896 


395, 155 


729,982 






Washington 


72, 976 
89, 396 
347, 572 


329, 187 
395, 073 
657, 470 


304, 864 
371,956 
436, 534 


461,484 
446, 106 
974,876 


171,153 
257, 744 
282, 683 


690, 656 




580, 221 


California ... 


1, 065, 530 






Pacific 


509, 944 


1,381,730 


1,113,354 


1, 882, 466 


711,580 


2, 336, 407 






United States 


3, 694, 531 


10, 787, 751 


4, 615, 286 


8, 381, 472 


3, 746, 569 


11, 327, 435 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 155 

Table 197. — Cherries: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1927-S6 



State 


Crop-movement season ' 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 » 




Cars 

681 

26 

44 

52 


Cars 

1,036 

1 

207 

98 


Cars 
838 

14 
206 

60 


Cars 
1,023 

"""252" 
71 


Cars 

1,126 

2 

191 

91 


Cars 
734 


Cars 
902 


Cars 

827 

2 

119 

48 

6 


Cars 

550 

1 

140 

12 

2 


Cars 
788 


C olorado 




Idaho 


205 
90 


192 

78 

2 

1 

261 

6 

12 

624 

25 


84 


Michigan _ . 


17 


Montana 




New York 


80 
277 


35 
372 


3 
359 


27 

426 

5 

41 
627 
109 


25 

128 

4 

13 
270 

22 


29 
344 

10 

35 
599 

21 




Oregon 


238 
3 

30 
611 

11 


277 


211 


Pennsylvania 




Utah.. 


99 
106 

88 
8 

1,461 


77 
673 
172 


52 
639 
128 


29 

513 

5 


50 


Washington 

Wisconsin ... . . 


458 
2 


Other States 
























Total 


2,671 


2,299 


2,581 


1,872 


2,067 


2,103 


1,895 


1,529 


1,610 







1 Crop-movement season extends from April through September of a given year. 
1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck 
not included. 



Table 198. 



■Citrus fruit production and season average price per box received by 
farmers , by States, 1919-36 » 





Oranges * 




Total production 


Price per box * 


Year 




































.2 








cS 


0. 


OJ 


„ 


.2 








SJ 


a 


<a 






■3 


S 




3 


2 



a 

CS 




.2 

"is 

3 




05 

s 


i-i 

3 


c5 

2 

'u 




m 

a 

X 


cS 

a 



2 
3 


CO 

1 


.2 




1 

CO 




O 


fe 


H 


< 


< 


•J 


b- 


U 


ft 


H 


< 


< 


j 


f~ 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 




boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


1919 


15, 528 


7,533 


9 


80 


20 


31 


37 


23.23S 


2.75 


3. 85 














1920 


22, 547 


9,457 

8,871 




60 


82 


25 


42 


32, 213 


2.18 


2.27 














1921 


13, 921 




80 


82 


30 


50 


23, 034 


2 80 


3,18 














1922 


21, 286 


10, 897 


4 


81 


190 


45 


60 


32,563 


2.00 


2.65 














1923...... 


24, 324 


13, 262 


6 


86 


225 


fifi 


75 


38, 033 


2,00 


1 75 














1924 


18, 535 


11,639 


12 


60 


2 




75 


30, 323 


3.55 


3.02 


2.00 


3.50 


4.00 




2.20 


3.34 


1925 


24,200 


10,344 


10 


86 


130 


27 


100 


34, 897 


2.84 


2.87 


2.50 


3.00 


3.00 


3.00 


2.70 


2.85 


1926 


28, 167 


11,512 


41 


75 


75 


42 


150 


40,062 


3.05 


2.34 


2.50 


3.10 


3.00 


3.00 


2.60 


2.84 


1927 


22, 737 


9,933 


70 


54 


110 


50 


200 


33,154 


4.00 


3.20 


1.90 


4.00 


4.00 


4.00 


4.00 


3.76 


1928 


38, 994 


15, 116 


115 


99 


85 


30 


220 


54,659 


2.05 


1.87 


1.55 


3.30 


3.00 


3.00 


3.00 


2.01 


1929 


21, 483 


10, 304 


261 


137 


212 


37 


187 


32, 621 


3.90 


2.75 


2.10 


3.80 


2.50 


2.55 


3.35 


3.51 


1930 


35, 470 


19. 211 


2.50 


139 


3 


2 


195 


55, 270 


1.50 


1.88 


1.55 


1.50 


2.00 


2.00 


2.05 


1.63 


1931 


34,900 


14, 220 


520 


145 


80 


54 


245 


50, 164 


1.10 


1.86 


1.05 


1.25 


1.75 


1.75 


1.75 


1.32 


1932 


34, 265 


16, 200 


315 


147 


120 


80 


241 


51,368 


1.00 


1.28 


1.35 


.95 


1.60 


1.60 


1.25 


1.09 


1933. 


«28,439 


18, 100 


390 


143 


3 


2 


212 


M7,289 


1.66 


1.51 


1.00 


1.40 


1.85 


1.85 


1.00 


1.59 


1934 


46, 086 


17, 600 


560 


170 


140 


88 


293 


64, 937 


1.30 


1.53 


1.30 


1.30 


1.15 


1.30 


1.25 


1.36 


1935 


'33,049 


18, 000 


747 


240 


2 


1 


244 


5 52,283 


1.66 


1.51 


1.20 


1.75 


1.75 


2.00 


2.05 


1.60 


1936 « 


26,464 


21,200 


2,000 


140 


56 


26 


333 


50. 219 


1.36 


1.28 


1.20 


1.60 


1.60 


2.00 


2.10 


1.33 



See footnotes at end of table. 



156 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 198. — Citrus fruit production and season averaqe price per box received by 
farmers, by States, 1919-36 — Continued 





Grapefruit 


Lemons 


Limes 


















Pro- 


Price 


Pro- 


Price 






Total production 






Price per box * 




duc- 


per 


duc- 


per 


















tion * 


box 3 


tion 


box' 


Year 




























03 










03 








03 


03 








o3 


a 


OT 


ce 

a 


03 


03 
T3 


a 




03 

a 


01 


a 


C 


03 


03 

13 




O 


"3 


c3 
® 


*n 


03 


o 


H 


03 
X 


« 


02 


"3 




u 

o 


Eh 
O 




to 


o 


b* 


< 


-* 


to 


O 


Eh 


< 


^ 


O 


D 


to 


S 




1,000 


1,000 


1,0CG 


1,000 


1,000 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


Dol- 


1,000 


Dol- 


1,000 


Dol- 




boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


boxes 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


lars 


boxes 


lars 


boxes 


lars 


1919 


5,898 


363 


3 


29 


6,293 


2.54 










3,499 


2 00 


28 


3.45 


1920 


6,142 
6.644 


395 
360 




34 
35 


6,571 
7,039 


2.00 
2.06 










4,955 
4,050 


2.92 
3.45 


26 
33 


3.10 


1921 










2.75 


1922 


7,766 


394 


35 


60 


8,255 


1.82 










3,400 


3.301 35 


2.90 


1923... 


8,936 


363 


65 


95 


9,459 


1.24 










6,732 


1.60 40 


3.00 


1924 


8,760 


387 


211 


105 


9,463 


1.49 


3.55 


2.00 


3.50 


1.61 


5,125 


3.481 36 


3.00 


1925 


8,316 


600 


200 


150 


9,266 


2.54 


2.84 


2.50 


3.00 


2.57 


7,316 


2.11 


30 


4.00 


1926 


8,693 


672 


361 


120 


9,846 


1.79 


2.35 


2.50 


2.50 


1.86 


7,712 


2.81 


12 


6.50 


1927 


8,158 


720 


524 


176 


9,578 


2.73 


3.80 


1.90 


3.80 


2.78 


6,000 


3. SO 







1928 


11,314 


972 


753 


211 


13, 250 


1.57 


2.50 


1.60 


3.50 


1.67 


7,900 


2.60 


6 


4.50 


1929 


8,274 


1,000 


1,530 


365 


11,169 


2.43 


2.65 


2.15 


2.50 


2.41 


5,900 


3.70 


8 


5.50 


1930 


16, 109 


1,290 


1,135 


400 


18, 934 


1.20 


1.25 


1.15 


1.50 


1.20 


7,950 


2.35 


8 


5.00 


1931 


10, 786 


1,431 


2,«80 


450 


15, 147 


1.16 


1.00 


.55 


.90 


1.03 


7,800 


1.95 


9 


4.50 


1932 


11,800 


1,350 


1,385 


614 


15, 149 


.81 


.85 


1.10 


.75 


.84 


6,704 


2.10 


10 


4.00 


1933 


10, 700 


1,713 


1,130 


700 


14, 243 


1.17 


1.10 


.90 


.80 


1.12 


7,295 


2.35 


8 


3.00 


1934 


15, 200 


2.167 


2,750 


1,240 


21, 357 


.78 


1.00 


1.00 


.85 


.83 


10,506 


1.47 


8 


3.50 


1935 


11,500 
17, 500 


5 2,267 
1,320 


2,741 
8,300 


1,800 
1,200 


5 18.308 
28, 320 


1.05 

.75 


1.08 
1.00 


1.00 

.80 


1.05 

1.00 


1.05 
.79 


7,787 
5,724 


3.18 

3.00 


10 
20 


4.75 


1936 8. 


4.25 



i Estimates of production include fruit consumed on farms, sold locally, and used for manufacturing 
purposes, as well as tbat shipped. Fruit ripened on the trees but destroyed by freezing or storms prior tc 
picking is not included. The estimates cover the crop produced from the bloom of the year shown. In 
California, where picking continues throughout the year, the estimates are for 12-month periods beginning 
Nov. 1. In other States the season begins about Sept. 1. 

2 Includes tangerines. 

» California prices are for bulk fruit at the packing-house door; Florida prices are for packed boxes less 
selling charges on the fruit shipped out of State so handled and bulk prices for other marketings. Florida 
lime prices, 1919-23, are Dec. 1 prices. 

* Net content of boxes varies. In California and Arizona the approximate average for oranges is 70 pounds 
net and grapefruit 60 pounds; in Florida and other States oranges 90 pounds and grapefruit 80 pounds; 
California lemons, about 76 pounds net. 

5 Includes 977,000 boxes of oranges in 1933, 754,000 in 1935, and 34,000 boxes of grapefruit in 1935 donated 
for charity and eliminated, and which are excluded in computing value. 

6 As estimated from prospects on Apr. 1, 1937. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



157 



Table 199. — Citrus fruit: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1925-26 to 1985-86 

ORANGES i 



State 


Crop-movement season 3 


1925-26 


1926-27 


1927-28 


1928-29 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36' 




Cars 

47, 017 

19, 625 

338 

8 

1 

6 

96 


Cars 

53, 511 

22, 536 

179 

4 

1 

9 

73 


Cars 

43, 693 

16, 453 

312 

15 

251 

26 

33 


Cars 

68, 797 

32, 550 

97 

5 

264 

33 

66 


Cais 

43, 053 
17, 312 
485 
25 
278 
156 
90 


Cars 

64, 774 

33, 915 

2 

1 

155 

119 

90 


Cars 

61,615 

22, 769 

175 

40 

84 

200 

66 


Cars 
56,230 
30,017 
227 
48 
85 
102 
106 


Cars 
53, 329 
30, 232 
. 

45 

64 

126 

3 


Cars 
71,135 
27, 547 
120 
126 
53 
143 
143 


Cars 
58, 425 




28, 457 


Alabama 










18 




321 




206 




























Total.. 


67, 091 


76, 313 


60,783 


101, 812 


61, 399 


99, 056 


84, 949 


86, 815 


83, 800 


99, 267 


* 87, 427 







GRAPEFRUIT 



Florida 


14,269 
298 
558 
218 


17, 304 
747 
593 
210 


14,166 

1,036 

780 

211 


21,844 

1,617 

780 

272 


13,955 

3,493 

1,194 

417 

1 


26, 081 

2,247 

1,220 

436 

2 


17, 661 

5,329 

1,651 

296 


17,329 

2,679 

1,034 

407 


14,929 

1,611 

2,201 

909 


17, 222 
4,266 
1,878 
1,013 


12, 820 




3,796 


California 


2,729 


Arizona 


2,039 


























Total 


15, 343 


18,854 


16, 193 


24, 513 


19, 060 


29, 986 


24,937 


21,449 


19, 650 


24, 379 


* 21. 384 







LEMONS 



California 


13, 981 

1 


13,529 


12, 745 


17, 181 


13, 564 
2 


18, 377 

1 


15, 710 
2 


14, 702 

4 


16, 973 

1 


22,559 
9 


17, 899 
















Total 


13, 982 


13,529 


12, 745 


17, 181 


13, 566 


18, 378 


15, 712 


14, 706 


16, 974 


22, 568 


17, 899 







MIXED CITRUS 



Florida 


3,565 
1,605 


5,313 

1,639 

22 

10 


6,225 

1,590 

92 

11 
1 


9,109 

1,783 

185 


8,216 

1,343 

501 


14, 687 

1,626 

288 

29 

155 


8,825 

1.666 

520 

16 

87 


8,393 

1,703 

275 

1 
108 


7,938 

1,754 

124 

16 
130 


6,350 

2,348 
189 
26 
89 


6,552 




2,683 


Texas : 


540 


Arizona 

Louisiana . . 


1 


241 48 
1 10 


71 
95 










Total 


5,171 


6,984 


7,919 


11,102 10,118 

1 


16, 785 


11,114 


10, 480 


9,962 


9,002 


9,941 



' Includes tangerines and satsumas. 

2 Crop movement season extends as follows: California and Arizona, from about Nov. 1 through October 
of the following year; all other States from about Sept. 1 through August of the following year. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Includes cars for emeigency relief, Apr-June, 1936, as follows: oranges, 188 cars; grapefruit, 23 cars. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



158 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 200. — Grapefruit, Florida: Weighted average auction price per box, Chicago 
and New York, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and year 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Aver- 
age i 


Chicago: 




























1930-31 


$3.54 


$3.21 


$2.82 


$2.56 


$2.59 


$2.45 


$2.49 


$2.53 


$2.36 


$2.08 


$1.70 




$2.60 


1931-32 


4.14 


3.05 


2.47 


2.21 


2.17 


2.11 


2.26 


2.99 


3.70 


3.34 






2.63 


1932-33. „ 


4.83 


3.56 


2.92 


2.43 


2.37 


2.37 


2.30 


2.03 


1.99 


2.12 


1.71 


$1.79 


2.31 


1933-34 


2.90 


2.60 


2.40 


2.41 


2.23 


2.31 


2.54 


2.78 


2.65 


2.81 


2.03 




2.52 


1934-35 


3.01 


2.40 


2.29 


1.93 


1.80 


2.02 


1.95 


2.32 


2.01 


1.95 


1.84 




2.16 


1935-36 


2.46 


2.69 


2.59 


2.00 


2.43 


2.40 


2.64 


2.68 


2.95 


3.09 






2.68 


1936-37 


2.45 


2.48 


2.03 


1.80 




















New York: 




















1926-27. 





5.35 


4.07 


3.40 


3.58 


3.75 


3.67 


3.59 


3.66 


3.80 


2.44 




3.66 


1927-28 




4.60 


4.70 


4.71 


4.82 


5.07 


5 52 


5 45 


4 92 


3 93 


6.28 
6.36 


4.51 


4.93 
3.70 


1928-29 




4.41 


4.25 


3.44 


3.52 


3.20 


3.30 


3.32 


3.83 


4.71 


1929-30 


5.80 


4.51 


4.23 


4.26 


4.43 


4.09 


4.78 


5.09 


4.25 


3.24 


3.10 




4.42 


1930-31 


4.03 


3.64 


3.00 


2.82 


2.56 


2.43 


2.50 


2.76 


2.57 


2.06 


1.17 




2 69 


1931-32 


4.32 


3.09 


2.60 


2.26 


2.14 


1.97 


2.23 


2.76 


3.44 


3.76 


3.12 




2.53 


1932-33 


3.61 


3.65 


3.01 


2.28 


2.24 


2.04 


1.83 


1.72 


1.71 


1.54 


1.55 


1.92 


'2.04 


1933-34 


3.12 


2.62 


2.24 


2.33 


2.20 


2.23 


2.46 


2.60 


2.49 


3.05 


4.32 




2.41 


1934-35. 


3.09 


2.15 


2.11 


1.94 


1.99 


2.07 


1.92 


2.35 


1.97 


1.86 


1.89 


1.75 


*2.04 


1935-36 - 


2.47 


2.81 


2.84 


2.39 


2.59 


2.56 


2.51 


2.76 


3.01 


2.93 






2.67 


1936-37 


2.34 


2.25 


1.99 


2.10 









































i Where months are missing, average is for months shown. 

> Includes an average in September 1933 of $2. 3 Includes an average in August 1934 of $3.23. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Compiled as follows: Chicago, Chicago Fruit and Vegetable Reporter. New York, reports of California 
Fruit Growers Exchange. Prices weighted by number of boxes sold. These prices are a new series and 
are not comparable with those published in Yearbooks prior to 1930. 



Table 201. 



-Grapefruit: Quantity canned in Florida, and receipts of canned 
grapefruit from Puerto Rico, 1921-22 to 1935-36 



Season 


Florida pack, canned fruit 


Total 

Florida 

production, 

fresh fruit 


United States receipts of canned fruit from 
Puerto Rico ' 


Grapefruit 
hearts 


Grapefruit 
juice 


Total 
pack 


Grapefruit hearts 


Grapefruit juice 


1921-22 


Cases J 
10,000 
150, 000 
200, 000 
350, 000 
400, 000 
700, 000 
600, 000 
957, 000 

1, 316, 738 

2, 712, 489 
907, 323 

2, 161, 975 
2, 184, 577 

3, 588, 042 
2, 251, 775 


Cases i 


Cases J 
10,000 
150, 000 
200, 000 
350, 000 
400, 000 
700, 000 
600, 000 
1, 162, 000 

1, 490, 672 
3, 124, 555 
1, 154, 975 

2, 887, 942 
2, 794, 692 
5, 824, 768 
4, 010, 272 


Boxes 
6, 644, 000 
7, 766, 000 
8, 936, 000 
8, 760, 000 
8, 316, 000 
8, 693, 000 
8, 158, 000 
11,314,000 
8, 274, 000 
16, 109, 000 
10, 786, 000 
11, 800, 000 

10, 700, 000 
15, 200, 000 

11, 500, 000 


Pounds 


Equivalent 
cases 2 


Gallons 


Equivalent 
cases 2 


1922-23 












1923-24 




3, 861, 555 

3, 840, 819 

6, 348, 020 
9, 262, 394 

10, 733, 709 
2, 832, 310 

12,415,247 
5, 931, 578 

4, 483, 485 
1, 289, 574 
4, 410, 944 

7, 825, 460 

8, 212, 757 


128,718 
128, 027 
211, 601 
308, 746 
357, 790 

94, 410 
413, 842 
197, 719 
149, 450 

42, 986 
147, 031 
260, 849 
273, 759 






1924-25 








1925-26 








1926-27 








1927-28 








1928-29 


205, 000 
173, 934 
412, 066 
247, 652 
725, 967 
610, 115 
2, 236, 726 
1, 758, 497 






1929-30 






1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 


15, 574 
3,948 
9,194 
15, 055 
3 41, 895 
3 160, 242 


4,615 
1,170 
2,724 
4,461 
12,413 
47, 479 



i Year beginning July; reports of Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 

2 Cases on basis of 24 no. 2 cans. 3 "Fruit juice"; probably mostly grapefruit juice. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Figures on the Florida pack of canned grapefruit were obtained as follows: 1921-22 to 1927-28, averages 
of various trade estimates; 1928-29, estimated by the Florida Grapefruit Canners Association; 1929-30 to 
date, complete surveys made by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. A box of fresh fruit in 
Florida is estimated to pack slightly more than a case of canned fruit. 

Some grapefruit also is canned in Texas, Arizona, and California. In 1932-33 Arizona packed 700 cases of 
grapefruit hearts and 3,200 cases of juice. In 1933-34 the Arizona pack was 570 cases of hearts and 5,900 cases 
of juice, besides 68,000 gallons of juice in barrels, equivalent to 20,000 cases of 24 no. 2 cans. In 1934-35 
California packed the equivalent of 4,278 cases of 24 no. 2 cans of hearts and the equivalent of 18,811 cases 
of 24 no. 2 cans of grapefruit juice. States other than Florida and California packed 7,243 cases of 24 no. 2's 
o f hearts in 1934-35, and the equivalent of 432,355 cases of 24 no. 2 cans of juice. During the 1935-30 season, 
Texas packed the equivalent of 23,614 cases of hearts and 346,942 cases of juice on the basis of 24 no. 2 cans 
per case, and California and Arizona together packed the equivalent of 51,386 cases of grapefruit juice. 

Considerable quantities of canned grapefruit are exported from the United States. Domestic exports for 
the fiscal year 1933-34 were 31,898,086 pounds, or the equivalent of 1,063,270 cases. In the fiscal year 1934-35, 
the domestic exports were 28,865,624 pounds, or the equivalent of 962,187 cases, and in the year 1935-36 they 
amounted to 29,920, 805 pounds, or the equivalent of 997,360 cases of 24 no. 2 cans. Puerto Rico also ships to 
foreign countries. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



159 



Table 202. — Lemons, California: Weighted average auction price per box, Chicago 
and New York, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and year 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Aver- 
age 


Chicago: 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


$4.52 
3.84 
5.31 
4.10 
4.45 
5.72 
4.47 

3.82 

6.92 
4.90 
8.70 
4.18 
3.98 
5.40 
3.95 
4.37 
5.73 
4.39 


$4.44 
4.00 
5.06 
4.84 
4.03 
6.20 
4.14 

4.03 
6.13 
5.62 
8.63 
4.52 
4.04 
5.12 
4.24 
3.97 
6.45 
3.85 


$5.00 
3.95 

4.71 
4.72 

5! 21 


$4.00 
4.03 
3.92 
4.35 
2.96 
4.89 


$4.29 
3.91 
4.30 
4.60 
2.84 
5.03 


$3.75 
3.33 
4.00 
4.03 
3.01 
4.66 


$4.00 
4.57 
4.97 
5.04 
2.69 
6.00 


$6.83 
4.53 
5.79 
5.62 
3.08 
5.65 


$6.37 
5.86 
4.24 
5.86 
5.60 
7.46 


$6.71 
6.58 
4.14 
4.72 
5.48 
5.83 


$7.75 
8.45 
4.62 
4.09 
4.26 
5.02 


$6.03 
8.74 
4.78 
4.85 
6.03 
5.62 


$5.64 
5.11 
4.81 
4.99 
4.24 
5.83 


New York: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 _•_ 


4.20 
6.33 
5.26 
5.68 
4.89 
3.87 
4.80 
4.73 
3.64 
4.81 


3.43 
6.03 
3.95 
5.06 
4.08 
3.81 
3.47 
4.35 
3.01 
4.62 


3.90 
5.19 
4.07 
4.81 
4.47 
3.80 
3.89 
4.60 
2.98 
5.22 


3.50 
5.54 
4.55 
5.51 
4.06 
3.27 
3.99 
4.19 
3.30 
4.65 


3.89 
6.42 
3.82 
7.24 
4.43 
4.96 
4.95 
4.89 
3.01 
6.14 


4.50 
6.04 
6.89 
6.15 
5.05 
4.47 
5.81 
5.71 
3.33 
5.40 


6.44 
6.97 
5.39 
7.26 
6.57 
5.16 
4.35 
5.47 
5.90 
7.07 


6.37 
6.11 
7.82 
7.93 
6.55 
7.03 
4.36 
4.82 
5.41 
5.70 


8.82 
5.59 
11.87 
5.36 
7.28 
8.56 
4.40 
3.84 
4.08 
5.05 


9.27 
5.19 
11.22 
4.23 
5.66 
8.48 
4.86 
4.35 
5.40 
4.53 


4.64 
6.07 
5.82 
6.42 
5.30 
5.09 
4.71 
4.75 
4.22 
5.52 



























Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Compiled as follows: Chicago, Chicago Fruit and Vegetable Reporte . New York, reports of California 
Fruit Growers Exchange. Prices weighted by number of boxes sold. These prices are a new series and 
are not comparable with those published in Yearbooks prior to 1930. 

Table 203. — Oranges, California, Valencia: Weighted average auction price per box, 
Chicago and New York, by months, 1927-36 



Market and 
season 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Average 
for 

season ' 


Chicago: 

1927 .. 




$4.42 
7.16 


$4.90 
6.40 
4.08 
7.04 
3.57 
3.10 
2.86 
4.40 
3.04 
3.77 

4.98 
7.22 
4.58 
7.19 
3.62 
3.28 
2.86 
4.73 
3.12 
3.92 


$5.48 
7.36 
3.87 
7.08 
3.96 
3.35 
3.10 
3.97 
3.35 
4.05 

5.90 
7.58 
4.13 
7.36 
4.31 
3.62 
3.24 
3.95 
3.46 
4.13 


$5.96 
7.15 
4.45 
7.17 
3.55 
2.96 
3.15 
3.99 
3.32 
3.96 

6.15 
7.45 
4.85 
7.33 
3.81 
3.05 
3.21 
4.06 
3.48 
4.09 


$6.70 
7.50 
4.36 
7.57 
3.78 
3.25 
3.35 
3.84 
3.46 
4.40 

6.73 
7.77 
4.73 
7.29 
3.86 
3.42 
3.47 
3.98 
3.56 
4.45 


$6.81 
7.17 
4.57 
8.49 
4.26 
3.34 
3.31 
4.56 
3.45 
4.30 

7.02 
7.53 
4.85 
8.69 
4.50 
3.43 
3.36 
4.65 
3.45 
4.36 


$6.50 




$5.59 


1928 




7.11 


1929 








4.23 


1930 


$5.83 


7.40 
3.31 
3.29 


6.85 
3.53 
3.59 
2.81 
4.40 
3.50 
4.14 

6.71 
6.79 
4.77 
7.78 
3.79 
3.77 
2.81 
4.64 
3.67 
4.46 


"$§."23" 

3.19 
2.13 

"""§."22" 

5.75 

~"~4.~85~ 

"~2.~98~ 
4.07 
1.S9 

"~3.~18" 


7.33 


1931 


3.75 


1932.. 


2.72 


2 3.24 


1933 


»3. 01 


1934 




3.88 
3.39 
3.43 

4.43 
7.38 
4.40 
7.97 
3.42 
3.43 
3.06 
3.75 
3.52 
3.99 


4.16 


1935 


3.58 


*3.34 


1936 


4.08 


New York: 

1927 


4.66 
5.94 
4.09 
6.59 


6.00 


1928 


7.45 


1929 


« 4. 63 


1930 


7.59 


1931 


3.97 


1932 


2.85 


3.41 


1933 


•3.12 


1934... 




4.25 


1935 


3.59 


'3.45 


1936 


4.21 











1 Where months are missing, average is for months shown. 
1 Includes an average in March 1932 of $2.73. 
3 Includes an average in January 1934 of $2.24. 
* Includes an average in February 1936 of $3.49. 
' Includes an average in January 1930 of $5.18. 

6 Includes an average in January 1934 of $2.66. 

7 Includes an average in January 1936 of $3.76. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Compiled as follows: Chicago, May-September 1927, from Bulletins 22 and 23, issued by Bureau of Rail- 
way Economics; October 1927-Oct. 12, 1929, average computed from unchecked records of Bureau of Railway 
Economics; beginning Oct. 14, 1929, from Chicago Fruit and Vegetable Reporter. New York, reports of 
California Fruit Growers Exchange. Prices weighted by number of boxes sold. These prices are a new 
series and are not comparable with those published in Yearbooks prior to 1930. 



130180—37- 



-11 



160 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 204. — Oranges, California, Navel: Weighted average auction price per box* 
Chicago and New York, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and season 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


Average 

for 
season ■ 


Chicago: 

1926-27... 




$4.68 
5.42 
4.74 
5.75 
3.49 
3.09 
2.78 
3.22 
2.68 
3.41 
2.91 

5.06 

5.55 
4.46 
5.56 
3.58 
3.30 
2.78 
3.09 
2.66 
3.43 
2.93 


$4.63 
4.62 
4.52 
5.08 
3.45 
2.71 
2.84 
2.97 
2.83 
3.06 


$4.87 
5.41 
3.76 
5.19 
3.20 
3.39 
2.66 
2.77 
2.91 
3.21 


$4.58 
5.55 
3.36 
6.25 
3.48 
3.00 
2.55 
2,82 
3.15 
3.09 


$4.63 
6.07 
3.93 
6.31 
3.31 
3.09 
2.43 
2.81 
3.32 
3.14 






$4.66 
5.43 


1927-28 








1928-29 


$5.87 
6.29 
5.33 
3.63 
3.14 
2.80 
3.26 
3.78 
3.61 

6.32 
6.28 
5.72 
5.97 
5.23 
3.87 
3.05 


$3.51 
6.82 
4.14 
3.37 
2.87 
3.41 
2.74 
3.47 


3.22 
"~3.~19~ 


4.09 


1929-30 


5.79 


1930-31 


*3. 60 


1931-32 


3.13 


1932-33 


2.72 


1933-34 


2.9S 


1934-35 


2.97 


1935-36. . 


3.23 


1936-37.... 




New York: 

1926-27. 


4.69 
4.56 
4.84 
4.98 
3.45 
2.71 
2.84 
2,82 
2.75 
2.95 


4.71 
5.18 
3.89 
4.99 
3.27 
3.35 
2.73 
2.79 
2.81 
3.21 


4.54 
5.52 
3.52 
5.67 
3.42 
3.06 
2.55 
2.72 
2,98 
3.03 


4.89 
5.98 
4.06 
6.03 
3.32 
3.08 
2.47 
2.65 
3.26 
3.03 


4.43 
7.39 
3.56 
6.64 
3.93 
3.38 
2.83 
3.23 
2.89 
3.37 


5.60 
"'I'll' 
~"Z.12~ 
""3."02" 

~~~4~ 08" 

3.83 


4.74 


1927-28. 


5.61 


1928-29... 


4.10 


1929-30 


5.64 


1930-31 


3.54 


1931-32 


3.14 


1932-33 


2.73 


1933-34 


2.88 


1934-35 


3.25 
3.92 
3.95 


2.93 


193-5-36 


3.17 


1935-37 





















1 Where months are missing, average is for months shown. 

* Includes an average in October 1930 of $5.13. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Compiled as follows: Chicago, December 1926-September 1927, from Bulletins 22 and 23, issued by Bureau 
of Railway Economics; October 1927-Oct. 12, 1929, average computed from unchecked records of Bureau 
of Railway Economics, beginning Oct. 14, 1929, from Chicago Fruit and Vegetable Reporter. New York, 
reports of California Fruit Growers Exchange. Prices weighted by number of boxes sold. These prices 
are a new series and are not comparable with those published in Yearbooks prior to 1930. 

Table 205. — Oranges, Florida: Weighted average auction price per box, Chicago and 
New York, by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and season 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Average 

for 
season ' ' 


Chicago: 

1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 


$3.89 
4.06 
3.45 

"4."5S" 
2.62 


$4.17 
4.99 
3.09 
4.15 
3.01 
2.97 
3.03 
2.42 
2.71 
3.07 
2.71 

4.79 
6.31 
3.71 
4.04 
3.45 
3.20 
3.21 
2.49 
2.64 
3.12 
2.72 


$2.92 
4.89 
3.16 
4.18 
2.50 
2.74 
2.76 
2.31 
2.30 
3.01 
2.44 

3.53 
5.59 
3.55 
4.21 
3.01 
3.11 
2.79 
2.36 
2.42 
2.84 
2.38 


$3.25 
4.40 
2.97 
4.03 

2.68 
2.86 
2.67 
2.48 
2.35 
2.91 


$3.55 
5.03 
3.01 
4.41 
2.98 
3.18 
2.44 
2.45 
2.47 
3.21 


$3.38 
5.79 
3.14 
5.15 
3.72 
3.52 
2.43 
2.79 
2.59 
3.07 


$4.38 
5.89 
2.70 
6.76 
3.76 
3.83 
2.36 
2.83 
3.09 
3.16 


$3.97 
7.95 
2.91 
5.71 
3.70 
3.59 
2.29 
3.43 
2.67 
3.73 


$3.29 
3.12 
2.70 


"$2.~34~ 


$3.55 

5.08 
2.96 


1929-30 


4.72 


1930-31 

1931-32 


3.83 
3.29 
2.55 
4.19 
2.23 
3.74 


"2.~76~ 
"I.~39" 


3.33 
3.24 


1932-33 


2.52 


1933-34 


1.74 
3.04 
2.99 
3.30 

3.70 
3.67 
5.08 
3.42 
4.76 
2.64 
2.88 
2.47 
3.20 
2.84 
3.05 


2.68 


1934-35 


2.58 


1935-36 

1936-37... _ 


3.18 


New York: 

1926-27 


3.76 
5.23 
3.45 
4.49 
2.91 
3.10 
2.81 
2.44 
2.43 
2.84 


3.91 
5.97 
3.30 
4.44 
3.19 
3.38 
2.31 
2.43 
2.48 
3.05 


4.10 
6.29 
3.30 
4.98 
3.79 
3.55 
2.32 
2.84 
2.77 
2 98 


4.86 
6.84 
3.55 
7.13 
3.80 
3.75 
217 
2.75 
3.23 
2 91 


4.75 
8.58 
3.33 
7.42 
3.85 
3.63 
2.17 
3.55 
2 72 
3.60 


4.54 
9.11 
2.99 
6.60 
4.02 
3.59 
2.21 
4.66 
2.10 
3.59 


3.12 

"2.~92~ 

"4." 62" 
4.38 
2.78 
3.26 
1.92 
3.83 


4.11 


1927-28 

1928-29 


6.24 
3.40 


1929-30 


4.94 


1930-31 


3.54 


1931-32 


3.43 


1932-33 


2.43 


1933-34 


2.78 


1934-35 


2.61 


1935-36 


• 3.04 


1936-37 























1 Where months are missing, average is for months shown. 

J Includes averages in other months as follows: New York, 1928-29, $2.29 in August 1929; 1930-31, $2.61 
in September 1930; 1932-33, $3.69 in August 1933; 1933-34, $2.46 in September 1933; 1934-35, $1.61 in August 
1935; 1936-37, $3.53 in September 1936. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Compiled as follows: Chicago, October 1926-September 1927 from Bulletins 22 and 23, issued by Bureau 
of Railway Economics; October 1927-Oct. 12, 1929, average computed from unchecked records of Bureau of 
Railway Economics; beginning Oct. 14, 1929, from Chicago Fruit and Vegetable Reporter. New York, 
reports of California Fruit Growers Exchange. Prices weighted by number of boxes sold. These prices 
are a new series and are not comparable with those published in Yearbooks prior to 1930. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES \Q\ 

Table 206. — Oranges: International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1982-85 





Calendar year 


Country 


Average 
1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 » 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Spain 


1,000 

boxes 

20, 925 

3,435 

3,285 

22, 123 

734 

571 

449 


1,000 
boxes 
1 

14 






1,000 
boxes 
24, 902 
1,739 
3,129 
3,553 
1,702 
1,930 
412 


1,000 
boxes 
2 
1 







1,000 
boxes 
27, 641 
4,036 
3,399 
4,209 
1,933 
2,554 
652 


1,000 
boxes 
1 
1 







1,000 
boxes 
24, 999 
2,534 
3,318 
5,148 
2,186 
2,632 
896 


1,000 
boxes 

1 
24 






1,000 

boxes 
19, 795 


1,000 
boxes 
2 


Italy 




United States. 


5,463 
6,941 
2,089 
2,640 
939 




Palestine..- . 





Union of South Africa... 

Brazil 






Japan. 









Total 


31,532 


15 


37, 367 


3 


44, 424 


2 


41, 713 


25 


37, 867 


2 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

United Kingdom 




( 3 ) 
81 


591 

( 3 ) 

292 

( 8 ) 




4 







11, 307 

6,259 

3,793 

2,237 

1,833 

2 875 

462 

( 8 ) 

440 

416 

391 

357 

345 

293 

256 

255 

234 

161 



( s ) 

58 

289 
2 
'339 
1 



4 

10 







12, 939 

6,705 

6,608 

2,171 

2,229 

4 2, 018 

'298 

369 

679 

567 

558 

751 

70 

240 

83 

336 

293 

156 




38 


13 
1 
408 




2 

29 







16, 086 

7,633 

8,644 

2,048 

2,330 

4 2,312 

102 

699 

907 

845 

600 

947 

73 

298 

71 

492 

291 

155 



( 3 ) 

41 

3 

361 




4 

86 







14, 424 

7,498 

8,828 

2,162 

1,583 

2,152 

138 

806 

825 

687 

625 

984 

11 

338 

78 

469 

306 

202 




( 3 ) 
13 

1 
2 

483 


14, 282 


Germany 


6,771 


France 4 


7,433 


Canada.. 


2,385 


Netherlands 


1,926 


Belgium 


1,903 


China 


118 


Manchuria... 




Switzerland 


6 



~"I44~ 







732 


Czechoslovakia 


642 


Norway 4 


587 


Sweden . ._ 


989 


Egypt 7 ... 


6 


Hungary 


332 


Poland 


953 


Irish Free State 


422 


Denmark 


253 


Yugoslavia .. 


185 






Total 


968 


29, 914 


703 


37, 070 


491 


44, 533 


495 


42, 116 


643 


39, 919 







1 Preliminary. 

2 4-year average. 

s Included with lemons. 

4 Includes some lemons. 

4 Does not include Manchuria after June 1932. 

8 Not shown prior 1932; included in data for China. 

7 Beginning 1931 includes so-called "sweet lemons" classed as oranges. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources. Converted to boxes of 78 pounds. 
Table 207. — Corn, green (for market): Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1931- 







Crop movement 


season i 


State 


Crop movement season > 


State 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936' 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 




Cars 
583 
33 


Cars 

472 

35 


Cars 

298 

9 

19 

1 

81 

35 

28 

197 


Cars 

466 

18 


Cars 
648 
38 


Cars 
4S4 
29 




Cars 


Cars 

1 

139 

6 

38 

5 

498 

49 

2 

1,645 


Cars 
""67 


Cars 
13 
90 


Cars 


Can 


Arkansas 


North Carolina.. 
Ohio 


126 
10 
28 

1,"033 
13 

1 

2,239 


114 

4 

1 

50 

192 

14 


78 


Connecticut 


6 

271 

23 

48 

58 

6 


4 
105 
43 
98 
131 
4 
11 
4 


1 
158 
59 
65 






Oklahoma 

South Carolina. _ 
Texas 


24 

13 

653 

27 

1 


13 
22 

266 
11 
2 

1,184 




Florida ._ 


238 
18 
85 


147 
37 
138 


39 


Georgia 


248 






21 


Minnesota 


Other States 

Total 


3 


Mississippi 

Missouri 















3 

1 


1,454 


1,402 


1,228 


New Jersey 




1 










I 





1 Crop movement season extends from March through September of a given year. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



162 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 208. — Corn, sweet, commercial crop for manufacture: Acreage, production, 
and season average price per ton received by farmers; average 1928-82, annual 
1985 and 1936. 



State 



Maine 


Acres 
11, 520 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


1,000 
1,690 


New York. . 


20, 580 


Penns yl vania 

Ohio 


6,600 
26,100 


Indiana 


34, 680 


Illinois 


59, 860 


Michigan. _ . 


6,630 




10, 860 


Minnesota 


43,000 


Iowa . 


41, 090 


Nebraska 


5,750 


Delaware .. 


3,400 


Marvland . 


34, 760 


Tennessee 


2,980 


Other States 2 __ 

Total 


3,450 
313,950 



Acreage 



Average 
1928-32 



1935 



Acres 

14, 800 

930 

1,180 
21, 000 

6,400 
26,400 
49, 700 
90,000 

6,000 
17,100 
66,000 
48, 000 

5,000 

2,800 
33, 600 

3,100 

9,600 



401, 610 



1936 



Acres 

15,600 

830 

1,120 
23,300 

7,800 
24, 850 
44, 000 
78, 000 

6,430 
16,800 
66, 700 
37, 500 



3,540 

34,000 

2,000 

9,050 



371, 520 



Production 



Average 
1928-32 



Short 

tons > 

38,000 

2,700 

4,100 

33,300 

8,500 

45,400 

57, 600 

131, 700 

7,800 

23,900 

101, 400 

95.000 

9,800 

6,300 

48, 200 

6,400 

7,900 



628, 000 



1935 



Short 

tons i 

50,300 

2,800 

2,700 

50. 400 

10, 200 

55,400 

84, 500 

198, 000 

7,200 

42,800 

151, 800 

105, 600 

4,500 

7,300 

60,500 

7,100 

18,800 



859, 900 



1936 



Short 

tons 1 

60,800 

2,700 

3,200 

37, 300 

21,100 

37,300 

39,600 

117, 000 

5,800 

25, 200 

100. 000 

41,200 



10,600 

78,200 

6,800 

18,300 



605, 100 



Price for crop of- 



Average 
1928-32 



Dollars 

21.30 

20.20 

15.60 

14.30 

13.20 

9.60 

11.50 

11.30 

11.40 

10.30 

9.80 

8.90 

8.80 

11.00 

12.40 

13.70 

12.48 



11.50 



1935 



Dollars 

16.50 

16.00 

11.10 

10.50 

11.50 

8.10 

9.30 

9.00 

10. 80 

8.00 

7.80 

7.00 

6.70 

10.50 

11.70 

12.00 

10.43 



9.31 



1936 



Dollars 

17.20 

17.00 

11.00 

11.50 

11.90 

8.40 

9.50 

8.30 

11.00 

8.70 

8.00 

7.10 



9.10 
11.70 
11.00 
11.20 



10.14 



i Tonnage in husk. 

2 Other States includes Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Oklahoma, Oregon, 
South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from canning establishments. 

Table 209. — Corn, canned: Pack l in the United States, 1924-86 



State 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


192S 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Maine . _ 


1,000 

cases 

1,294 

749 

787 

846 

2.310 

388 

1,199 

1,764 

1,707 

1,087 


1,000 
cases 
1,693 
1,311 
2,375 
2,223 
4,030 
1,148 
1,541 
4,105 
3,678 


1,000 
cases 
1,347 
1,038 
1,735 
2,044 
3,053 
843 
1,762 
3,361 
2.133 


1,000 

cases 

806 

676 

846 

703 

1,961 

310 

1,088 

1,377 

1,493 

1,087 


1,000 

cases 

966 

666 

1,138 

1,131 

3,017 

578 

1,648 

2,541 

1,648 

1,164 


1,000 
cases 
1,521 

782 
1,551 
1, 250 
3,153 

547 
2,604 
2,908 
1,865 
1,306 


1,000 
cases 
1,930 

647 

750 
1,272 
3,261 

686 
2,912 
2,552 

622 
1,060 


1,000 
cases 
1,245 
1,080 
1,871 
2,362 
3,788 
712 
1,835 
3,227 
1,956 


1,000 

cases 

1,071 

496 

405 

1,139 

2,024 

140 

2,018 

444 

801 


1,000 

cases 

1,055 

584 

505 

838 

1,812 

279 

2,350 

1.132 

942 

696 


1,000 
cases 
1,547 

836 
1,021 
1,037 
1,548 

688 
1,272 
1,266 
1,196 

857 


1,000 

cases 

2 1,931 

1,152 

1,461 

2,310 

4,787 

956 

3,363 

3 2,785 

< 1, 780 

946 


1,000 
cases 
2 2, 130 


New York 

Ohio 


944 
863 




831 


Illinois 


2,528 


Wisconsin 


593 


Minnesota ... 


1,893 




3 1, 033 




<2,428 


Other States 


2,216] 1,753 


1,339 S20 


1.315 


United States 


12, 131 


24.320119.069 


10.347 


14, 497 


17, 487 


15, 692 


19,4151 9,358 


10, 193 


11,268 


21,471 


14. 558 



1 Stated in cases of 24 no. 2 cans. 

2 Includes Vermont and New Hampshire. 

3 Includes Nebraska. 

4 Includes Delaware. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from National Canners' Association data, 1924-26 and 1934- 
30; Bureau of Census, 1927-29; Foodstuffs Division, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 1930-33. 



Table 210. — Cranberries: Production and season average price per barrel received 
by farmers, by States, average 1928-82, and annual 1933-36 





Production i 


Price for crop of— 


State 


Average, 
1928-32 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936* 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 » 


Massachusetts 


Barrels 

395, 800 

118,800 

51, 400 

10, 603 

4,420 


Barrels 

506,000 

142, 000 

47,000 

4,800 

3.900 


Barrels 

290, 000 

70,000 

59.000 

18,300 

6,000 


Barrels 

332,000 

85,000 

81,000 

17,000 

4,500 


Barrels 

360,000 

75,000 

59,000 

16, 700 

4,000 


Dollars 
6.30 
5.50 
6.75 
7.95 
7.95 


Dollars 
11.30 
11.00 
11.50 
11.50 
11.50 


Dollars 
11.85 
12.50 
11.50 
13.00 
13.00 


Dollars 
13.20 


New Jersey 


13.00 
14.00 


Washington 

Oregon 


16.00 
16.00 


United States 


581,023 


703, 700 


443, 300 


519,500 


515, 300 


6.19 


11.29 


11.95 


13.38 



i Barrels of 100 lb. Sales usually are made in ^ barrel or M barrel boxes. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. See cranberry shipments in table 212. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



163 



Table 211. — Cucumbers, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Utilization, marketing 
season, and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 
Fall: 

Florida 


Acres 
1,180 
3 540 


Acres 

1,800 

200 


Acres 
1,600 


1,000 
bushels i 
93 
»26 


1,000 
bushels ! 
126 
8 


1,000 

bushels ' 
160 


Dollars 

2.49 

2 1.25 


Dollars 
1.80 
1.30 


Dollars 
1.95 


Texas— 




Total 


1,390 


2,000 


1,600 


104 


134 


160 


2.47 


1.77 


1.95 






Earlv (sec. 1): 

Florida . .. 


8,790 
5.840 


3,300 
7,100 


4,100 
8,500 


690 
3 438 


347 
3 497 


308 
468 


2.20 
1.33 


1.55 
.90 


2.00 


Texas 


.90 






Total 


14, 630 

1,860 

1,110 

1,200 

640 

7,480 


10, 400 

1,600 
1,550 
2,400 
600 
8,000 


12,600 


3 1, 128 


3 844 


776 


1.88 


1.20 


1.34 






Early (see. 2): 


850 
2,450 
1,400 

630 
7,000 


3 321 

169 
» 112 

57 
3 630 


3 320 
242 
120 

54 
640 


170 
416 
91 
47 

315 


.73 
1.05 
1.00 
1.03 

.56 


.30 
1.15 
.85 
.70 
.65 


.85 


California 


1.10 




1.45 




1.00 


South Carolina 


1.20 


Total 


12, 290 


14. 150 


12, 330 


3 1, 289 


3 1, 376 


1,039 


.74 


.71 


1. 12 






Second early: 

Arkansas 


1,470 

5,330 

980 


900 

3,600 

300 


900 

4,300 

500 


112 

»567 

104 


81 
270 
30 


54 
232 
45 


.67 
.81 
1.12 


.75 
.65 
.70 


.70 


North Carolina 


.60 
.70 






Total 


7,780 


4,800 


5,700 


3 783 


• 381 


331 


.84 


.68 


.63 






Intermediate: 


1, 410 

850 

2,240 

3, 120 

90 


1,970 

680 

2,500 

4,000 

100 


1, 770 

950 

2,500 

3,000 

100 


158 

59 

297 

465 

5 


246 

10 

300 

740 

4 


195 

62 

350 

450 

4 


.76 
.89 
.84 
.87 
.81 


.35 
1.00 
.50 
.50 
1.00 


.50 


Illinois 


.75 


Maryland 


.60 




.85 


Ohio, southeast 


.70 


Total 


7,710 


9,250 


8,320 


984 


1,300 


1,061 


.85 


.48 


.70 






Late (sec. 1): 

Michigan ._ 


*540 

1,460 


650 
2,100 


700 
2,160 


2 38 
189 


49 

210 


52 
216 


3 1.12 

.92 


1.00 
.75 


.85 


New York 


.70 


Total -. 


1,890 


2,750 


2.860 


220 


259 


268 


.95 


.80 


.73 






Late (sec. 2): 

Georgia 


2 480 

780 


300 
700 


650 
560 


»19 
84 


15 
52 


39 
50 


2 1.56 

1.09 


1.90 
.90 


1.15 




.65 






Total 


1, 160 


1.000 


1,210 


99 


67 


89 


1.15 


1.12 


.87 


Grand total 


46, 850 


44, 350 


44, 620 


3 4,607 


3 4,361 


3,724 


1.12 


.77 


1.00 


For pickles: 


520 

3,980 

4,010 

8,430 

1,280 

21, 030 

11, 420 

2.980 

2,490 

1,830 

1,620 

1.740 

2 880 

930 

1,500 

1,890 

490 

1,080 

2,500 

8,760 


620 
3,400 
6,150 
8,000 
2.700 
26, 000 
9,000 
2,270 
2,050 
1,800 
2,000 
4,100 
3,200 

650 
1,350 
1,400 

410 

880 
2,420 
11.070 


520 
3,740 
5,360 
6.150 
3,300 
24, 440 
10, 270 
2,380 
1,660 
1.800 
2,000 
4,400 
3,200 

650 
3,000 
1,700 

330 

630 
3,310 
9,660 


68 
453 
263 
448 

69 
973 
608 
123 
111 

57 

125 

144 

»116 

41 

42 
224 

66 
134 
471 
460 


105 

306 

228 

336 

162 

1,040 

306 

107 

64 

18 

150 

328 

259 

22 

70 

203 

70 

220 

424 

618 


62 

337 

338 

369 

165 

1,637 

585 

83 

83 

76 

146 

264 

272 

32 

180 

347 

75 

151 

629 

483 


.62 
.80 
.93 
.73 
.85 
.75 
.86 
.73 
.77 
.79 
.62 
.68 

2.61 

.74 
.65 
.51 
.68 
.68 
.55 
.70 


.40 
.70 
.52 
.45 
.60 
.50 
.52 
.42 
.46 
.35 
.40 
.60 
.75 
.41 
.52 
.40 
.59 
.59 
.45 
.47 


.40 




.68 


Ohio 


.56 




.58 


Illinois 


.67 


Michigan 


.60 




.59 


Minnesota.. 


.56 




.48 


Missouri 


.41 


Maryland 


.47 




.60 


North Carolina 


.70 




.42 


Texas 


.55 


Colorado 


.47 


Washington 


.55 


Oregon 


.50 


California.. 


.50 


Other States * 


.49 


Tot3l. 


79, 360 


89, 470 


88,500 


4,996 


5,036 


6,314 


.73 


.52 


.57 







1 Bushels containing approximately 48 pounds. 

1 Short-time average. 

5 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Texas (early), 110,000 bushels 
in 1930; 110,000 in 1931; 166,000 in 1932, and 99,000 in 1935; Alabama, 115,000 bushles in 1930; 124,000 in 1931; 
97,000 in 1932, and 128,000 in 1935; Georgia (early), 165,000 bushels in 1930; South Carolina, 549,000 bushels 
in 1930; North Carolina, 612,000 bushels in 1930. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

4 Other States includes Alabama, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, 
Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning establish- 
ments. See cucumber shipments in table 213. 



154 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 212. — Cranberries: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1927-36 



State 


Crop-movement season ' 




1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 » 


Massachusetts 


Cars 

1,242 

290 

51 


Cars 

1,050 

478 

35 


Cars 

1,199 

308 

16 


Cars 

1,409 

499 

6 


Cars 

1,505 

426 

21 

15 

"~175~ 
2 


Cars 

1,249 

223 

4 

6 

1 

285 


Cars 

1,479 

393 

2 

~"~150~ 

1 


Cars 

901 

162 

14 

4 

3 

176 


Cars 

897 

150 

11 

5 

"~258~ 


Cars 
1,061 


New Jersey 


123 


Oregon 


5 


Rhode Island 


5 


Washington 


62 

80 

3 


40 

171 

7 


28 

141 

9 


1 

125 

3 


17 


Wisconsin 


209 


Other States _ 












Total 


1,728 


1,781 


1,701 


2,043 


2,144 


1,768 


2,025 


1,260 


1,321 


1,420 







1 Crop movement season extends from September through December of a given year, but includes occa- 
sional shipments after Dec. 31. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 213. — Cucumbers: 1 Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1925-36 



State 










Calendar 


year 












1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


New York 


Cars 

686 

481 

91 

57 

245 

302 

598 

448 

1,562 

794 

72 

1,963 

706 

145 

6 

72 

264 


Cars 
456 
261 
187 
104 
150 
304 
479 
200 
869 
687 

62 

2,048 

684 

234 

36 
316 
195 


Cars 
607 
368 
203 
135 
101 
366 
692 
339 
935 
916 

72 

2,300 

583 

228 

36 
178 
121 


Cars 

1,001 

370 

191 

147 

148 

214 

563 

229 

812 

663 

76 

1,572 

606 

328 

58 

382 

108 


Cars 
529 
161 
119 
126 
US 
163 
469 
179 
651 

1,0-13 
135 

2,271 
795 
195 
113 
294 
108 


Cars 
907 
117 
131 
63 
254 
119 
527 
166 
691 

1,107 
162 

1,137 
882 
131 
144 
893 
232 


Cars 
714 
149 
208 

35 
151 
225 
680 
148 
439 
716 

82 

1,463 

470 

107 

93 
678 
122 


Cars 
574 

57 
104 

21 

94 
155 
280 
100 
527 
738 
159 
699 
259 
124 
121 
677 

33 


Cars 

699 

32 

74 

11 

65 

182 

483 

69 

235 

683 

216 

684 

193 

18 

88 

346 

61 


Cars 

404 

57 

21 

15 

53 

116 

283 

49 

292 

572 

302 

732 

587 

26 

54 

317 

70 


Cars 
260 

81 
1 

15 

46 
110 
399 

48 
340 
1,538 
267 
992 
447 

3S 
114 
524 

71 


Cars 
296 


New Jersey.. 

Ohio' 

Indiana 3 


29 
20 


Illinois 3 


20 


Delaware 


73 


Maryland 


486 


Virginia 


77 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


310 

651 
23S 


Florida*— 


641 


Alabama 


421 


Arkansas 


14 


Louisiana 


78 


Texas.. 


650 


Other States 


55 


Total 


8,492 


7,272 


8,180 


7,468 


7,469 


7,663 


6,480 


4,722 


4,139 


3, 950 


5,291 


4,059 



1 Cucumbers for pickling are not included. 
* Preliminary. 

3 Principally hothouse stock. 

4 Includes shipments in January of following year as follows: 1933, 5 cars; 1935, 5 cars; 



1 car. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



Table 214. — Dates: Production and season average price per ton received by farmers, 

California, 1927-36 



Item 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


19361 


Production.. 

Price 

Farm value. 


..short tons.. 

dollars.. 

..1,000 dollars.. 


710 
302 
214 


817 
262 
214 


865 
222 
192 


1,560 
140 

218 


1,200 
60 
72 


2,150 
40 
86 


2,200 
70 

154 


2,617 
80 
209 


3,230 
80 
258 


3,813 

90 

343 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



165 



Table 215. — Eggplant, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel received by farmers; aoerage 1928-32, annual 1985 and 1936. 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 

192S-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall: 

Florida 


Acres 
750 
420 


^Lcres 
900 
500 


Acres 
500 
480 


1,000 
bushels i 
137 
73 


1,000 
bushels ' 
90 
55 


1.000 
bushels i 
75 
58 


Dollars 
1.19 
.76 


Dollars 
.60 
.37 


Dollars 
1.65 


Texas... 


1.05 






Total 


1,170 


1,400 


980 


210 


145 


133 


1.02 


.51 


1.39 






Early: Florida. 


910 

360 

1,020 


600 

430 

1,000 


600 

350 

1,250 


256 

55 

251 


180 

67 

315 


240 

35 

412 


1.14 

1.11 

.64 


.88 
.75 
.52 


.60 


Second early: Louisiana 


.60 
.35 






Grand total 


3,460 


3,430 


3.180 


772 


707 


820 


.94 


.63 


.60 







i Bushels containing approximately 33 pounds. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics, estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 

Table 216. — Eggplant: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1927-36 



State 








Crop 


-movement season > 








1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 J 


Florida.. 


Cars 

246 

2 

11 

19 

3 

88 

2 


Cars 

199 

1 


Cars 
201 


Cars 

207 

4 

1 

....... 

66 
4 


Cars 
209 

1 
.. 

3 

122 

2 


Cars 

285 

2 

1 

------ 

57 


Cars 
343 


Cars 
273 


Cars 

191 

1 


Cars 
232 


Louisiana. 




New Jersey 


r 


1 




South Carolina 


1 
14 
77 


6 



126 

4 










1 
10 




Virginia 


40 


31 


1 


















Total 


371 


292 


337 


296 


338 


357 


384 


305 


203 


233 







1 Crop-movement season is for the calendar year, except Florida which begins in October of the preceding 
year. * Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau from 
officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck 
not included. 



Table 217. — Figs: Production and season average price per ton received by farmers, 
California and Texas, 1921^-36 



Year 


Dried, California 


Marketed fresh and 
canned, California 


Preserving, Texas 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Farm 
value 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Farm 
value 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Farm 
value 


1924 


Short 
tons 
8,500 
9,600 
11, 350 
12,000 
11,500 
17, 000 
21,000 
17,000 
17,000 

19, 000 
19,500 
24,000 

20, 000 


Dollars 
100.00 
110.00 
95.00 
45.00 
45.00 
90.00 
48.00 
37.00 
25.47 
43.80 
59.30 
43.00 
84.00 


1,000 

dollars 

850 

1,056 

1,078 

540 

518 

1,530 

1,008 

629 

433 

832 

1,156 

1,032 

1,680 


Short 

tons 
2,135 
3, 075 
5,100 
5,400 
6,130 
7,300 
7,700 
6,300 
6,500 
5,900 
9,000 

10,200 
9,600 


Dollars 
104.00 
100.00 
112. 00 
100. 00 
87.00 
100.00 
90.00 
74.00 
36.50 
50.50 
51.85 
56.50 
52.20 


1,000 
dollars 
222 
308 
571 
540 
533 
730 
693 
466 
237 
298 
467 
576 
501 


Short 

tons 

1,180 

2,240 

4,978 

4,879 

6,513 

2,778 

2,961 

1,851 

504 

655 

966 

1,590 

1,450 


Dollars 
102.00 
85.00 
68.00 
68.00 
65.50 
70.00 
70.00 
65.00 
50.00 
65.00 
62.20 
76.80 
69.00 


1,000 
dollars 
120 


1925 


190 


1926 


339 


1927. 


332 


1928 


427 


1929 


194 


1930 


207 


1931 


120 


1932 


25 


1933 


43 


1934 


60 


1935. 


122 


1936 1 


100 







1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics 



Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 165. 



166 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 218. — Filberts: Production and season average price per ton received by 

farmers, Oregon, 1927-36 



Item 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 1 


Production short tons.. 

Price dollars.. 


60 


200 


200 

300 

60 


300 
340 
102 


375 
250 
94 


425 
200 
85 


1,000 
300 
300 


996 
200 
199 


871 
260 
226 


1,250 
270 








338 











1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 219. — Grapes: Production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 1919-36 





Production 


Season 
average 
price 
per ton 
received 

by 
farmers 


Farm 
value 


Foreign trade, year beginning July 1 


Year 


California 


Other 

States 


Total, 
United 

States 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Imports 


Net exports 2 


Total 


Percent- 
age of 

produc- 
tion 


1919 _ 


Short tons 
1, 345, 000 

1, 273, 000 
1, 100, 000 

s 1, 806, 000 

2, 030, 000 
1, 535, 000 

5 2, 050, 000 

5 2, 129, 000 

5 2, 406, 000 

» 2, 366, 000 

1, 827, 000 

5 2,181.000 

5 1, 320, 000 

« 1, 926, 000 

5 1, 660, 000 

1, 700, 000 

2, 194, 000 

1, 699, 000 


Short tons 
230, 587 
247, 570 
119, 546 
279, 315 
222, 206 
241, 047 
150, 674 
310, 555 
183, 652 
283, 739 
253, 547 
262, 042 
301,315 
277, 752 
249, 581 
231, 168 
260, 615 
179, 790 


Short tons 
1, 575, 587 
1, 520, 570 

1, 219. 546 
'2,085,315 

2, 252, 206 

1, 776, 047 
5 2,200,674 
5 2,439,555 
5 2, 589, 652 
5 2, 649, 739 

2, 080, 547 
5 2, 443, 042 
5 1,621,315 
5 2,203,752 
5 1, 909, 581 

1, 931, 168 

2, 454, 615 
1, 878, 790 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


Short 

tons 





4 86 

7,011 

10, 128 

10, 151 

12, 134 

15, 396 

19,410 

27, 819 

23, 079 

24, 900 

13, 806 

14, 676 
13, 344 

17, 856 

18, 676 


Short 
tons 
6,404 

12,018 
9,397 

16, 324 

10, 015 
1,608 
1,415 
1,011 
1,735 
1,703 
2,687 
2.S56 
3,013 
3,157 

1 3, 92S 
7.302 
4,579 


Short 
tons 
3 6, 290 
3 11,925 
3 9,220 
3 9,139 
198 
8,566 
10, 735 
14, 414 
17, 747 
26, 155 
20, 448 
22, 107 
10, 902 
11,616 
9,416 
10. 554 
14, 097 


Percent 


1920 








1921 








1922 








1923 






( 6 ) 


1924 

1925. 


39.21 
32.17 
26.92 
26.86 
20.06 
27.28 
19.33 
22.39 
13.16 
17.75 
19.29 
14.58 
21.34 


69, 646 
66, 355 
65, 262 
65, 736 
50, 080 
56, 749 
44, 969 

36, 085 
26. 982 
33, 841 

37, 255 
35. 796 
40, 091 


0.5 
.5 


1926 


.6 


1927 


.7 


1928 

1929 


1.0 
1.0 


1930 

1931 


.9 


1932 

1933 . 


.5 
.5 


1934 

1935 

1936 s 


.5 
.6 













1 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June issues, 1920-26 
January and June issues, 1927-36. 

J Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus total imports. Beginning 1933-34 domestic exports minus 
imports for consumption. 

3 Net imports equal total imports minus total exports (domestic plus foreign). 

4 January- June 1922; reported in value only prior to this date. 

8 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: 100.000 tons in 1922; 
138,000 in 1925; 15,000 in 1926; 142,000 in 1927; 153,000 in 1928; 433,000 in 1930. including 316,000 tons sold but 
left on the vines; 10,000 in 1931; 154,000 in 1932, and 3.000 in 1933. Price and value are based on the quanti- 
ties actually harvested, plus a quantity of fruit that was sold but left on the vines in 1930. 

9 Less than 0.05 percent. 

i Beginning 1933-34 imports for consumption. 
■ Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



167 



Table 220.- 



-Grapes: Production and season average price per ton received by 
farmers, average 1928-32, and annual 1984-86 





Production 


Price for crop 


of— 


State and division 


Average, 
1928-32 


1934 


1935 


19361 


1934 


1935 


19361 




Short tons 

28 

47 

37 

354 

246 

1,248 

80, 106 

2,951 

25, 174 


Short tons 

7 

29 

11 

307 

171 

1,023 

49, 400 

2,464 

18, 981 


Short tons 

14 

36 

26 

322 

154 

946 

66, 500 

3,116 

24, 750 


Short tons 

10 

20 

10 

320 

200 

1,160 

41, 800 

2,600 

15, 800 


Dollars 
95.00 
95.00 
85.00 
80.00 
80.00 
80.00 
30.00 
40.00 
27.00 


Dollars 
80.00 
80.00 
80.00 
75.00 
80.00 
80.00 
25.00 
35.00 
23.00 


Dollars 
95.00 


New Hampshire 


85.00 




95.00 




80.00 


Rhode Island 


75.00 




75 00 




41.00 




40.00 




40.00 








110, 189 


72, 393 


95, 864 


61, 920 


30.65 


25.64 


41.70 






Ohio 


25, 735 
2,889 
5,847 

62, 587 
358 
272 
6,930 
9,234 
2,616 
4,281 


22, 720 
2,812 
5,658 

61, 145 
274 
194 
5,060 
7,540 
1,216 
2,574 


29, 110 
2,849 
6,560 

56, 310 
340 
364 
7,371 
8,840 
2,584 
3,894 


22,000 
1,700 
3,500 

37, 400 
240 
210 
3,200 
4,700 
1,000 
1,100 


35.00 
30.00 
30.00 
25.00 
75.00 
75.00 
40.00 
40.00 
65.00 
50.00 


25.00 
30.00 
30.00 
20.00 
70.00 
50.00 
35.00 
35.00 
50.00 
45.00 


37.00 




40.00 


Illinois . -_ 


40.00 


Michigan 


36.00 
75.00 




70.00 


Iowa 


55.00 




50.00 




65.00 




60.00 








120, 750 


109, 193 


118, 222 


75, 050 


30.46 


25.79 


39.21 








2,190 

663 

1,808 

1,066 

4,305 

913 

803 

826 


2,430 
614 

1,692 
944 

4,640 
829 
738 

1,026 


2,697 
676 

1,541 
798 

3,864 
854 
707 
868 


2,500 
690 

1,500 
540 

4,500 
980 
770 

1,090 


50.00 
50.00 
70.00 
85.00 
65.00 
70.00 
95.00 
75.00 


40.00 
45.00 
70.00 
70.00 
65.00 
70.00 
95.00 
80.00 


45.00 




50.00 




75.00 




75.00 


North Carolina 


55.00 




65.00 




60.00 


Florida 


75.00 








12, 575 


12, 913 


12, 005 


12, 570 


66.44 


62.39 


58.71 








983 

1,062 

619 

230 

11, 820 

47 

2,664 

1,764 


1,113 

1,110 

641 

228 

16, 640 

44 

2,112 

1,595 


839 

855 

522 

208 

12, 455 

44 

2,380 

1,904 


950 

1,050 

580 

230 

10, 600 

60 

1,000 

1,500 


50.00 
60.00 
60.00 
80.00 
25.00 
70.00 
45.00 
60.00 


65.00 
75.00 
60.00 
70.00 
30.00 
70.00 
45.00 
50.00 


60.00 




70.00 


Alabama 


75.00 




80.00 




35.00 




65.00 


Oklahoma 


50.00 


Texas 


55.00 








19, 190 


23, 483 


19, 207 


15, 970 


33.60 


38.74 


43.83 






Idaho - -- 


547 

392 

930 

1,855 

1,133 

114 

5,493 

2,512 

J 1, 924, 000 

2 417, 800 

2 1,161,400 

219, 800 

* 282, 200 

» 344, 800 


574 

459 

1,336 

1,732 

1,200 

107 

5,538 

2,240 

1, 700, 000 

476, 000 

878, 000 

171,000 

194,000 

346,000 


654 

484 

1,445 

1,950 

1,364 

108 

6,532 

2,880 

2, 194, 000 

571, 000 

1, 248, 000 

203, 000 

436, 000 

375, 000 


540 

450 

1,500 

1,700 

1,500 

90 

5,700 

2,800 

1, 699, 000 

468, 000 

907, 000 

181,000 

183, 000 

324, 000 


47.00 
44.00 
44.00 
40.00 
48.00 
80.00 
21.00 
26.00 
17.44 
14.75 
16.88 
64.00 
20.00 
22.55 


40.00 
43.00 
41.00 
40.00 
44.00 
80.00 
20.00 
25.00 
12.92 
11.75 
13.13 
55.80 
11.60 
14.00 


45.00 




52.00 




49.00 




55.00 


Utah _. 


36.00 




85.00 




24.00 


Oregon 


29.00 


California 


19.21 




17.30 




17.69 


Dried 3 _ 


69.00 




19.45 


Table varieties 


26.20 






Western - 


2 1, 936, 975 


1, 713, 186 


2, 209, 317 


1, 713, 280 


17.55 


13.03 


19.34 


United States 


2 2,199,679 


1,931,168 


2, 454, 615 


1, 878, 790 


19.29 


14.58 


21.34 







1 Preliminary. 

1 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: Wine varieties 1928, 
18,000 tons, 1930, 40,000 tons, 1931, 10,000 tons, 1932, 25,000 tons; raisin varieties (not dried) 1928, 60,000 tons, 
1930, 319,000 including 316,000 sold but left on the vines, 1932, 21,000; table varieties 1928, 75,000 tons, 1930, 
74,000 tons, 1932, 108,000 tons. 

3 Dried basis: 1 ton of dried raisins equivalent to 4 tons of fresh grapes. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



168 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. 1937 



Table 221. — Grapes: Census enumeration of vines not of bearing age and vines of 
bearing age, 1920, 1925, 1930, and 1935 





1920 


1925 1 


1930 


19C 


5 


State and division 


Vines not 

of bearing 
age 


Vines of 

bearing 

age 


Total vines, 

regardless 
of age 


Vines not 

of bearing 
age 


Vines of 

bearing 

age 


Vines not . 

of bearing 

age 


Vines of 

bearing 

age 




1,926 
2,843 

2,441 
22. 691 
44.9S4 
57,247 


7,339 

12,998 

7,160 

81,494 

50, 933 

272, 315 


12,461 

19, 369 
11,690 

169, 318 
69.836 

518,417 


1,145 
2,154 
1,773 

32, 7S0 
5,188 

53, 760 


4,407 
7.211 

5,502 
100.449 
80. 482 
455, 104 


1.301 
2,583 
1,573 

10.229 
3.087 

28.668 


5.710 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


16. 520 
11, 161 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 


128, 914 
67, 479 

683,180 






New England 


132, 132 


432. 239 


801,091 


96,800 


653, 155 


47,441 


912, 964 


New York 

New Jersey 


1. 389, 042 
194, 562 
402, 271 


30. 677. 555 
1, 477. 617 
7, 462. 067 


34, 874. 03S 
1,880,116 
7, 779, 280 


1. 214. 745 
162, 937 
445, 331 


37. 282. 114 
1, 327, 115 
8, 454, 033 


610.382 j 
156. 232 
226,457 


31, 706, 316 
1. 418, 733 


Pennsylvania 


7, 408, 3S1 


Middle Atlantic — 


1, 9S5. 875 


39, 617. 239 


44. 533, 434 


1. 823, 013 


47, 063, 262 


993,071 


40, 533, 430 


Ohio 


521, 207 
100, 657 
ISO, 172 
607. 149 
27, 173 


6. 553. 904 
744.043 

1,642.527 

11, 097. 734 

143, 529 


8. 779, 993 
1.406.611 
2,311,864 
17, 219. 054 
220, 635 


814, 362 
283, 861 
168, 257 
879. S6S 
28,130 


8, 738. 560 
982. 068 

1, 750, 332 

16, 919, 628 

136, 651 


70S, 827 
98. 385 
95, 705 

480, 601 
24, 172 


11, 116, 146 




1,371.491 




2. 073, 855 




17, 840, 130 




182, 019 






East North Central 


1,436, 35S 


20, 181. 737 


29.938,157 


2, 174, 478 


28, 527, 239 


1, 407. 690 


32, 583, 641 


Minnesota 


11,863 
304, 710 
410,604 
463 
7, 332 
126,765 
183, 151 


36,315 

1,401,613 

2, 444. 907 

152 

9.978 

438, 713 

1, 206, 933 


121. 783 

2, 115, 303 

5, 188. 667 

2.496 

33. 418 

963.317 

2, 034, 830 


34.237 

233. 087 

615.578 

2.420 

12. 551 
146. 315 
326, 860 


105. 941 

1, 926. 025 
4,235.913 

1.380 

20. 763 

916, 309 

2, 081, 922 


17. 633 
112. 60S 
198. 813 
2.5S2 
2. 860 
63, 931 
116, 602 


107, S63 




1. 851, 938 


Missouri 


4. 335. 504 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


3,455 

12.516 

1, 005, 042 




1, 842, 984 






W est North Cen- 
tral 


1,044,888 


5, 538, 611 


10,459,814 


1. 371. 048 


9, 288, 253 


515, 029 


9, 159, 302 


Delaware 


19, 929 

31, 860 

1.071 

112, 197 
51,391 

114. 582 
27, S74 
38. 5S8 
29, 767 


457, 162 
164, 501 
4.159 
452.516 
284. 435 
543. 734 

87, 487 
182,119 

57,840 


595, 362 
328, 839 
4.552 
592. 961 
284. 460 
575, 969 
160. 593 
203. 961 
366, 489 


88. 143 

42. 251 
320 

64,748 

43, 480 
88. 879 
47. 566 
44.010 

429, 170 


876, 466 
226, 140 
1,022 
384. 471 
222. 357 
3S3. 426 
116. 75S 
138, 724 
617, 158 


11, 225 
15,410 
5 
56. 529 
27. 154 
80. 796 
26. 110 
42.293 
60.217 


776. 285 




196, 455 


District of Columbia- 


1,946 
442, 325 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 


238. 091 
474. 82S 
147, 681 
179. 423 


Florida 


366, 844 






South Atlantic 


427. 259 


2. 233, 953 


3. 113, 186 


848, 567 


2, 966. 522 


319, 739 


2, 823. 878 




69, 439 
98. 928 
60,995 
24,041 


327. 429 

359. 972 

183. 759 

56, 912 


501.919 

467, 503 

239, 221 

72,388 


119.748 

118,338 

77. 525 

33,665 


397. 594 

332.610 

183. 029 

53,848 


82. 508 
91,371 
55, 229 
24. 090 


571, 791 


Tennessee 


424. 868 
266. 593 




51. 857 






East South Central. 


253, 403 


928, 072 


1, 281, 031 


349. 276 


967, 0S1 


253, 198 


1. 315, 109 




101,241 

12, 583 

200. 894 

164, 627 


607, 244 

19,601 

923, 609 

404, 263 


4. 312. 406 

43.807 

1, 637, 764 

819, 887 


787, 586 

26, 413 

457, 554 

443,011 


4, 735, 722 

27, 482 

1, 721, 033 

966, 562 


220. 533 

13. 275 

166, 443 

204, 169 


4. S24, 62S 




21 359 




1, 768. 077 


Texas 


971,391 




West South Cen- 
tral 


479, 345 


1.954,717 


6, 813, 864 


1, 714, 564 


7. 450, 799 


604,420 


7, 585, 455 






Montana 


199 
13, 432 

120 
15,836 
31.432 
34, 905 
33,471 
2.937 


979 

73, 789 

2 

125, 027 

280. 419 

S3. 018 

205, 031 

74. 994 


1,741 
114, 74S 
529 
199. 2S4 
451, 576 
868, 422 
435, 668 
96, 960 


1,810 
23, 419 

1,277 
37. 434 
106, 020 
60, 270 
86, 569 
13.640 


1,039 
102.816 
430 
16S, 307 
625. 057 
370. 593 
427,920 
66, 476 


1 1, 566 
11, 339 
623 
10, 697 
70. 633 
15. 362 
29. 809 
3.633 


2,445 


Idaho. 


98,010 




927 


Colorado 


153, 157 
645. 206 




170. 974 


Utah 


365. 306 




68. 661 






Mountain 


132, 332 


1 843. 259 


2, 168, 928 


330, 439 


' 1. 762. 638 


143, 662 


1. 504, 686 


Washington 


78. 661 

35. 570 

21.388,646 


467, 761 

361, 484 

153,195.213 


1. 094, 423 
648, 514 

280. 63S. 674 


101. 174 
81,687 

15. 762. 026 


915. 608 

517,892 

242. 079. 041 


i 77, 688 

71, 243 

12.209.964 


956, 521 


Oregon 

California 


528.700 

226. 49S. 379 


Pacific 


21. 502, 877 


154. 024. 458 


282,381,611 


15, 944, 887 


243. 512. 541 


12.358.895 


227. 9S3. 600 


United States 


27, 394, 469 


|225, 754, 285 


381,491,116 


24, 653, 072 


342,191,490 


1 16, 643, 145 


324, 402, 065 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of the Bureau of the Census. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES IgQ 

Table 222. — Grapes: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1924-36 



State 


Crop-movement season » 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 * 


New York 

Pennsylvania 

Michigan 


Cars 

5,641 

1,166 

4,680 

79 

101 

243 

83 

57, 695 

245 


Cars 

3,763 

589 

398 

50 

166 

394 

191 

76, 066 

261 


Cars 
7,242 
1,350 
3,081 

176 

686 
1,170 

125 
64,327 

433 


Cars 

3,050 

689 

2,023 

196 

108 

108 

167 

75, 925 

411 


Cars 

3,750 

1,076 

1,571 

234 

415 

998 

235 

73, 157 

332 


Cars 

2,541 

879 

1,746 

369 

225 

510 

232 

59, 205 

395 


Cars 

2,049 

809 

1,620 

226 

316 

322 

117 

65. 185 

271 


Cars 

4,240 

1,290 

528 

185 

329 

313 

94 

39, 777 

190 


Cars 

1,670 

613 

892 

203 

170 

233 

73 

42,239 

178 


Cars 

1,129 

421 

592 

118 

111 

190 

38 

29, 282 

144 


Cars 

421 

355 

548 

113 

91 

77 

56 

3 30,875 

89 


Cars 
749 
409 
225 
163 

41 
125 

83 

32, 024 

148 


Cars 
149 
183 
99 




27 


Missouri.. 


32 


Arkansas 


72 


Washington 


41 

30, 572 


Other States 


54 


Total 


69, 933 


81.878 


78, 590 


82, 677 


81.768 


66,102 


70, 915 


46, 946 


46,271 32.025) 32,625 


33, 967 


31. 229 



i Crop-movement season extends from June 1 through December of a given year. Figures for California 
include shipments in January, February, and March following the regular crop-movement season. 
2 Preliminary. 3 Includes 6 cars in May 1934. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 223. — Grapes: Number of packages of California varieties sold, and weighted 
season average price, 1 auction sales in 11 markets, 2 1931-36 



Variety or type 


Number of packages (crates or lugs) 3 


Average price per package 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


Flame Tokay - .. 


Thou- 
sands 
1,591 
991 
157 
184 

1,555 

2,976 

931 

3,480 

1,654 

264 

172 

308 

113 

624 


Thou- 
sands 
1,480 
703 
274 
251 

2,237 

1,351 

2,770 

3,845 

1,476 

132 

204 

179 

152 

1,309 


Thou- 
sands 
1,469 
649 
195 
224 

1,779 
1,162 
1,467 
1,957 

737 

147 
40 

127 
16 

627 


Thou- 
sands 
1,332 

788 
275 
346 

2,329 

1,558 

807 

2,339 

858 

163 

31 

50 

26 

598 


Thou- 
sands 
1,206 
830 
386 
374 

2,249 

978 

1,170 

1,989 

922 

163 

53 

72 

27 

745 


Thou- 
sands 
1,137 
1,208 
264 
365 

2,391 

1,075 

541 

1,239 

354 

168 

17 

87 

13 

499 


Dol. 

1.59 
1.61 
1.93 
1.71 

1.53 
1.22 
1.18 
1.16 
1.11 
1.26 

.99 
1.15 

.92 
1.05 


Dol. 

1.10 

1.11 
1.17 
1.43 

1.27 
.90 
.76 
.91 
.73 
.94 
.85 
.68 
.88 
.95 


DoL 
1.18 
1.34 
1.65 

1.51 

1.43 
1.11 

.99 
1.07 

.98 
1.10 
1.01 

.92 
1.22 
1.13 


Dol. 

1.34 
1.67 
1.79 
1.74 

1.52 
1.15 
1.11 

1.08 
1.02 
1.29 
.97 
1.10 
1.02 
1.16 


Dol. 

1.14 
1.34 
1.37 
1.39 

1.37 
1.13 

.94 
1.05 

.85 
1.05 
1.00 
1.00 
1.05 
1.10 


Dol. 

1.37 


Emperor... . 


1.54 


Red Malaga.. 


1.71 




1.70 


Sultana (Thompson 
Seedless) . 


1.53 


Malaga 


1.26 




1.16 


Alicante Bouschet 

Carignane 


1.31 
1.18 


Cornichon 


1.36 


Mataro 


.97 




1.34 


Petit Sirah 


1.20 


Zinfandel 


1.23 


Total or average 


15,000 


16, 363 1 10, 596 


11,500 


11,164 9,358 


1.29 


.96 


1.17 


1.29 


1.15 


1.41 



i Season begins about Aug. 1 and ends in November. 

2 Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis, St. Paul, New York, Phila- 
delphia, Pittsburgh, and St. Louis, 
s Packages containing about 26-28 pounds. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily reports of the fruit and vegetable market news 
service. Only principal varieties shown. 

Table 224. — Grapes, Concord: Average I. c. I. price per 12-quart basket, specified 
markets, by State of origin, October 1927-36 



Season 


Price of New York Concords at— 


Price of Michigan Concords 
at— 


Boston 


New 
York 


Philadel- 
phia 


Pitts- 
burgh 


Chicago 


Minne- 
apolis 


St. Louis 


1927. 


Cents 
56 
60 
50 
57 


Cents 
61 

54 
54 
51 
36 
31 
35 
41 
33 
50 


Cents 
64 
49 
51 
54 
34 
31 
36 
43 
32 
59 


Cents 
64 
51 
48 
48 
29 
24 
29 
36 
27 
52 


Cents 
55 
44 
41 
41 
32 
18 
26 
31 
23 
48 


Cents 
76 
59 
56 
53 
44 
26 


Cents 
65 


1928 


53 


1929 


49 


1930. 


56 


1931 - 


42 


1932 


32 

38 
43 

37 

56 


23 


1933 


31 


1934 


36 
33 
54 


35 


1935... 


27 


1936 


55 




■ 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily market reports from Bureau representatives 
in the various markets. 



170 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 225. — Lettuce, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per crate received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of- 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Early: 


Acres 

14, 860 

32, 370 

1,910 


Acres 

17, 000 

15, 000 

1,550 


Acres 

12, 760 

22, 000 

1,250 


1,000 

crates l 

1,374 

3,870 

531 


1,000 

crates i 

1,870 

1, 950 

403 


1,000 
crates l 
2 1, 531 

2,860 
407 


Dollars 
1.55 
1.71 
1.35 


Dollars 
1.20 
1.35 
1.22 


Dollars 
1.10 


California, Imperial 

Florida 


1.10 

.96 








1.340 
570 


900 
650 


550 
700 


314 
217 


189 
214 


148 
259 


1.45 
1.20 


1.35 
1.10 


1.25 




.80 








600 






46 






1.00 




















Total 


49, 740 


33, 550 


36, 010 


5,821 


4,223 


3 4, 798 


1.62 


1.27 


1.09 






Second early: 


15, 580 

29, 190 

1,350 

520 


15, 360 

34,100 

1,400 

350 


18, 680 

41, 500 

1,400 

400 


1,523 

3,119 

136 

77 


1,766 

3,819 

94 

35 


2 2, 559 
4,690 

3 118 

60 


1.71 
1.64 
1.32 
1.62 


2.00 
1.75 
1.30 
1.25 


1.40 


California, other 


1.50 
1.20 




1.00 






Total 


46, 640 


51,210 


61, 980 


4,855 


5,714 


2 7, 427 


1.65 


1.82 


1.46 






Intermediate: 


70 
1,040 

90 

230 

2,800 


450 

1,000 

400 

160 

3.100 


150 

1, 150 

300 

200 

3,500 


10 

219 

8 

43 

2 571 


86 

220 

36 

27 

604 


11 
242 
30 
32 
682 


1.53 
1.53 
1.03 

1.58 
.89 


1.00 
.95 
.65 

1.50 
.60 


.80 


New Jersey 


.90 


Oregon 


.80 




1.40 




.75 






Total 


4,230 

11, 400 
7,860 

220 
5,480 

250 


5,110 


5,300 


» 851 


973 


997 


1.10 


.74 


.81 






Late (sec. 1): 

California - 


18, 650 
5,100 

420 
4,200 

250 


18,000 
3,900 

200 
3,350 

300 


1,400 
3 800 

18 
1,368 

39 


2,350 

484 
40 

924 
38 


2,520 

390 

18 

770 

39 


1.96 
.99 
1.15 
1.31 
1.44 


1.35 
.70 

1.70 
.85 
.95 


2.20 


Colorado - ... 


1.30 




2.00 


New York... 


1.35 




1.45 






Total... 


25, 210 


28, 620 


25, 750 


3 3, 625 


3,836 


3.737 


1.50 


1.15 


1.92 






Late (sec. 2) : 

California 


27, 620 
350 
940 
120 
420 


31, 400 
600 
750 
800 
450 


34,000 

1,300 

650 

1,000 

750 


3,684 
55 
173 

2 16 

3 83 


4,176 
111 
165 
124 
90 


4,420 
130 
91 
100 
120 


1.76 
1.04 
1.60 
.96 
1.10 


1.60 
.85 
1.10 
1.00 
.85 


1.90 




.55 




1.20 




.75 


Washington 


.70 






Total 


29, 450 


34. 000 


37, 700 


3 4,011 


4,666 


4,861 


1.73 


1.53 


1.80 








Grand total 


155,270 1 152, 490 


166, 740 


3 19,163 


19, 412 


2 21,820 


1.59 


1.44 


1.51 







1 Western crates containing approximately 75 pounds (mostly packed 4 to 6 dozen heads per crate). 

* Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Arizona (early), 291,000 crates 
in 1936 (second early), 427,000 in 1936; North Carolina, 30,000 crates in 1936; Washington (intermediate), 
96,000 crates in 1932; Colorado, 389,000 crates in 1932; Oregon (late), 10,000 crates in 1932; Washington (late), 
15,000 crates in 1932. Prices refer to harvested portion of crop. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES YJ\ 

Table 226. — Lettuce: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1924.-36 



State 


Crop-movement season i 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 1934 


1935 


1936 » 


New York _ 


Cars 

3,698 

416 

714 

424 

2,490 

533 

1,036 

1,776 

673 

17, 040 

661 


Cars 

3,821 

463 

537 

736 

2,190 

500 

3,096 

2,689 

820 

20, 999 

658 


Cars 

3,019 

303 

540 

372 

707 

398 

2,795 

4,572 

904 

25, 126 

541 


Cars 

3,496 

308 

447 

369 

950 

196 

2,848 

7,679 

1,151 

28, 502 

400 


Cars 

3,140 

144 

477 

241 

880 

72 

2,368 

9,325 

1,240 

32, 122 

319 


Cars 

3,704 

169 

363 

310 

1,117 

76 

2,109 

9,285 

1,747 

33, 854 

286 


Cars 

3,219 

27 

364 

169 

560 

154 

1,610 

8,431 

2,230 

38, 736 

218 


Cars 

3,291 

18 

498 

278 

940 

180 

1,004 

7,850 

1,778 

35,211 

151 


Cars 

2,500 

10 

110 

46 

440 

237 

598 

7,021 

1,595 

34, 869 

161 


Cars 

1,266 

1 

195 

115 

465 

387 

664 

7,216 

1,466 

30, 978 

187 


Cars 
869 

"""44 

84 

420 

479 

460 

6,461 

1,426 

33, 143 

283 


Cars 
859 
1 
190 
74 
316 
281 
359 

10, 941 
867 

31,614 
167 


Cars 

525 


New Jersey.. 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Florida 


16 

142 
182 
324 




332 


Colorado 


258 


Arizona 


10, 782 


Washington 

California 


685 
35, 553 


Other States 


242 


Total 


29,461 


36, 509 


39, 277 


46, 346 


50, 328 


53, 020 


55, 718 


51, 199 


47,587 


42, 940 


43, 669 


45, 669 


49, 041 



1 Crop-movement season covers 15 months, from October of the previous year through December of the 
given year, i. e., 1924 season begins in October 1923 and extends through December 1924. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 227. — Olives: Production and season average price per ton received by 
farmers, California, 1927-36 1 



Item 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


Production short tons.. 

Price dollars.. 

Farm value 1,000 dollars.. 


21, 500 
80.00 
1,720 


23, 900 
80.00 
1, 912 


21, 000 
75.00 
1,575 


20, 000 
70.00 
1,400 


16, 000 

46.00 

736 


22, 000 

29.00 

638 


14, 000 

58.00 

812 


17,700 
85.60 
1,515 


32, 000 
49.80 
1,594 


22, 000 
65.40 
1,439 



1 According to the 1929 census there is some commercial production of olives in Arizona and a few minor 
States. 
* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 165. 



172 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 228. — Olive oil (including inedible): International trade, average 1925- 

annual 1932-35 



Country 



PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 



countries pounds 

Spain 164, 975 

Italy 66, 494 

Tunisia 53,947 

Greece - 28,599 

Algeria 28, 466 

Turkey 18, 185 

Syria and Lebanon 3 . 4,283 

Morocco 4,206 

Yugoslavia . 1, 077 



Total. 



PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 



United States 

Argentina 

France 

United Kingdom 

Cuba 

Chile 

Uruguay 

Brazil 

Norway 

Portugal 

Palestine 

Canada 

Switzerland. 

Egypt ..... 

Germany 

Mexico 

Rumania 

Australia * 

Venezuela... 

Belgium. _ 

Peru 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Poland 

Paraguay 3 

Sweden * 

Philippine Islands 

Ecuador } 

Haiti «».. 

Union of South Africa. 

Malta. 

Finland 

Netherlands 

New Zealand 

Denmark 



Calendar year 



Average 
1925-29 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 



Total 20,892 395,547 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 

pounds 

2 

1,769 

1,458 

81 

115 

3 198 

339 

282 

861 



370, 232 5, 105 






,958 

324 











,722 

710 



2 

32 

53 



1 

1 



33 





24 

15 



4 













7 



6 



1932 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 

pounds 

138, 805 

99, 761 

52. 792 

68, 113 

40,282 

5,459 

7,258 



136 



412, 606 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 

pounds 



83, 518 

814 



87 



256 

1,729 

184 



1933 



Ex- 
ports 



135, 847 

95, " 

40, 146 

19,100 

16,654 

14, 103 

13, 410 

12, 808 

7,098 

6,659 

5,726 

4,044 

3,443 

2,666 

2,631 

2, 230 

1,871 

1,545 

1,501 

1,319 

1,272 

1,227 

958 

797 

621 

454 

312 

291 

276 

264 

230 

202 

181 

173 

154 





20,238 

390 



4 







8,671 

1,576 



9 

6 

41 









11 

3 


2 

3 






29 

2 



131, 942 
79, 956 
55, 635 
24,344 
17, 643 
1,758 

10, 632 

11, 595 
8,500 
3,271 
1,062 
5,153 
4,651 
2,875 
3,023 

3 2, 853 

1, 

2,295 
3 i'l, 076 

1,344 
854 
434 

1,279 
886 
411 
748 
339 
181 
161 
315 
221 
188 
424 
291 



1,000 

pounds 

95, 136 

76, 934 

136, 821 

62, 060 

18,399 

31, 192 

613 

2 

234 



421, 391 







21, 330 

297 











7,230 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 
pounds 

81, 888 



1,662 



1,694 

7, 

108 



1934 



Ex- 
ports 



92, 979 



30,985 377,802 29,633 



125, 337 

83,192 

56, 207 

26,835 

19, 019 

804 

13, 139 

10, 695 

7,100 

9,080 

4,752 

4,092 

5,379 

7,551 

3,065 

3 2, 886 

I 1, 361 

2,684 

! 3 903 

1,308 

821 

195 

1,109 

810 

182 

778 

334 

291 

125 

374 

242 

266 

323 

302 

203 



1,000 
pounds 
115, 52 

53, 066 
118, 499 

26, 

14,468 

17,07 
1,67 



Im- 
ports 



347, 453 







20,224 

210 





391, 744 






6,762 
604 

5 
4 
9 


1 

4 





1 






43 




1,000 

pounds 



62, 474 

65 



2,826 



352 



70, 895 



101, 844 
51, 057 
56, 667 
22,703 
18,404 
1, 
9,136 
10, 803 
4,913 
5,475 
4,153 
5,400 
4, 
7,316 
3,571 
3 3, 060 
3 1, 032 
2,507 

1, 145 
903 
312 

1,046 
948 

743 
314 
170 

413 
178 

3 205 
329 
321 
200 



1935 



Ex- 
ports 



1,000 
pounds 
136, 829 



108, 435 
41, 
57,643 



os:, 



344, 978 



27, 873 322, 609 







27, 749 



Im- 
ports 



1,000 
pounds 




214 



506 



854 



124. 329 
47, 235 
74, 182 
24, 921 



2,815 
'9," 105 



4,604 
6,667 
5,001 
8,006 
4,833 



948 
1,231 

234 
1,056 
1,062 



497 



444 
245 



28, 945 326, 004 



1 Preliminary. 

* 4-year average. 

» International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

4 Beginning 1931, includes sesame oil. 

» Year ending September. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted, 
on the basis of 7.5 pounds to the gallon. 



Conversions made 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



173 



Table 229. — Onions, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per 100-pound sack received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 
1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for croj 


of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Early (Bermuda): 

Louisiana 2 

Texas 


Acres 
1,610 

18, 820 
2,630 


Acres 
1,200 

23,300 
2,050 


Acres 
1,120 

31,000 
2,850 


1,000 

sacks i 

86 

3 1, 885 

3 337 


1,000 

sacks i 

49 

1,584 

219 


1,000 

sacks i 

60 

3 2,914 

3 328 


Dollars 
2.03 
1.83 
1.84 


Dollars 
1.65 
2.75 
2.75 


Dollars 
1.75 
.75 




.80 






Total.. 


23,060 


26, 550 


34, 970 


3 2, 308 


1,852 


3 3, 302 


1.82 


2.72 


.78 






Intermediate (domestic) : 


2,460 
570 
540 


3,100 

650 

350 

2,400 

5,500 

900 

950 

2,750 


4,100 

900 

350 

2,000 

8,600 

750 

700 
3,000 


338 

45 

244" 

156 

195 
3 290 


388 

52 

42 

192 

3 962 

135 

261 

415 


472 

54 

24 

100 

903 

98 

108 
450 


1.65 

1.39 
.96 

"Tn 

1.45 

.84 
.88 


1.45 
1.50 
.95 
1.40 
1.85 

.95 

.75 
1.15 


1.25 


Virginia 


1.35 


Kentucky 


1.15 


Oklahoma 


.80 


Texas,' north 


1,820 

1,030 

780 
1,130 


.85 


Iowa, Scott County dis- 


1.05 


Washington, Walla 

Walla County 

California 


.80 
.70 






Total 


8,330 


16, 600 


20, 400 


3 1, 337 


3 2, 447 


2,209 


1.29 


1.38 


.92 






Late (domestic): i 
Eastern: 

M assachusetts 

New York 


2,900 

7,740 

350 


3,700 

10, 700 

380 


3,500 

11,600 

400 


606 

1,663 
51 


740 

2,300 

61 


805 

3,248 

72 


1.32 
1.27 
1.43 


1.10 
1.30 
1.20 


.80 
.75 


Pennsylvania 


1.05 


Total 


10,990 


14, 780 


15, 500 


2,320 


3,101 


4,125 


1.27 


1.25 








Central: 

Ohio 


5,800 
8,470 
750 
6,590 
1,030 
2,170 
1,710 


3,600 
4,900 

450 

12, 700 

1,150 

3,200 

900 


2,700 
3,400 
380 
11, 400 
1,200 
2,690 
1,000 


710 
1,410 

101 
1,131 

173 

387 
*293 


432 
539 
38 
1,524 
161 
704 
162 


392 
714 
36 
2,451 
180 
538 
170 


1.22 

1.20 
1.39 
1.19 
1.21 
1.15 
1.17 


1.25 
1.10 
1.30 
1.15 
1.00 
.95 
1.10 


.75 


Indiana 


.80 


Illinois 


1.00 




.65 


Wisconsin 


.90 


Minnesota.. 


.75 


Iowa, other 


.75 






Total 


26, 520 


26, 900 


22, 770 


3 4, 205 


3,560 


4,481 


1.19 


1.11 


.71 






Western: 

Idaho 


1,360 
5,220 
1,020 
•160 
880 
1,130 
5,790 


2,600 
4,000 
1,150 
100 
1,400 
1,850 
4,700 


2,100 
4,600 
1,300 
140 
1,400 
1,900 
4,400 


»381 
3 924 
253 
«28 
230 
275 
3 999 


819 

820 
264 
12 
364 
527 
705 


630 
828 
364 
24 
392 
285 
682 


1.09 
1.11 
1.02 
».91 
1.04 
1.23 
1.34 


.60 
.75 
.70 

1.00 
.70 

1.25 
.84 


.50 


Colorado 


.80 


Utah.. 


.55 


Nevada 


.90 


Washington, other.. 


.65 
.80 


California 


.75 






Total... 


15, 530 


15, 800 


15, 840 


3 3, 084 


3,511 


3,205 


1.18 


.80 


.68 


Total, late 


53, 040 


57, 480 


54,110 


3 9, 609 


10, 172 


11,811 


1.21 


1.04 


.72 


Grand total 


84, 430 


100, 630 


109, 480 


3 13,254 


3 14,471 


» 17,322 


1.31 


1.32 


.76 



i Sacks containing 100 pounds. 

3 Includes acreage of Creole onions. 

3 Includes quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: California (early), 88,000 sacks in 
1928; 25,000 in 1932, and 78,000 in 1936; (intermediate), 116,000 in 1932, (late), 43,000 in 1930 and 259.000 in 1932; 
Texas (early), 363,000 sacks in 1931 and 846,000 in 1936 (intermediate), 314,000 in 1935; Colorado, 83,000 sacks 
in 1929 and 99,000 in 1932; Idaho, 97,000 sacks in 1932; Iowa (late) , 6,000 sacks in 1932. Price refers to harvested 
portion of crop. 

* Average price for late States is computed only to Dec. 1. 

* Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



174 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 230. — Onions: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1925-26 to 1935-86 



State 


Crop-movement season • 




1925-26 


1926-27 


1927-28 


1928-29 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935- 
36 « 


Massachusetts 

New York 


Cars 
2,856 
5,109 

235 
1,856 
4,158 

291 
1,402 

361 

674 
1,365 

138 

152 
3,941 

876 
1,809 

599 
1,000 

681 
3,603 

540 


Cars 
3,586 
3,720 

253 
2,287 
4,493 

158 
2,171 

270 

684 
1,434 

178 

134 
5,316 

531 
1,758 

662 
1,200 

678 
3,013 

536 


Cars 
2,495 
4,102 

295 
4,070 
5,000 

142 
2,653 

279 
1,289 
1,333 

131 

145 
4,028 

891 
1,460 

654 
1,302 

671 
3,753 

499 


Cars 
1,416 
1,807 

333 
1,774 
3,939 

180 
2,664 

294 
1,077 
1,430 

178 
69 
7,081 
1,152 
2,244 
1,029 
1,153 

663 
4,492 

351 


Cars 
1,854 
3,985 

239 
2,988 
5,195 

142 
2,964 

241 
1,448 
1,492 

234 

59 

7,232 

731 
4,042 

950 
1,417 

660 
4,144 

264 


Cars 
1,474 
4,226 

193 
2,293 
6,879 

193 
5,499 

219 
1,141 
1,762 

109 

12 

6,312 

677 
2,124 

551 
1,464 

730 
4,062 

147 


Cars 

1,360 

3,272 

219 

1,341 

2,750 

69 

2,800 

199 

740 

789 

147 

38 

5,718 

1,315 

1,482 

495 

1,299 

1,062 

3,384 

328 


Cars 

597 
2,570 

105 
1,397 
4,878 

152 
4,776 

236 

1,527 

1,031 

61 

13 

8,341 

299 
1,593 

472 

645 
3 519 
1,964 

182 


Cars 
599 

2,931 
150 
956 

1,827 
40 

4,913 
175 

1,710 

708 

38 

43 

4,924 

1,088 

1,723 
472 
986 

1,365 

3,044 
150 


Cars 

988 

4,887 

119 

528 

945 

14 

6,170 

56 

163 

113 

113 

10 

6,432 

2,345 

1,090 

674 

1,526 

1,123 

2,820 

351 


Cars 

465 

3,829 

72 


New Jersey 


Ohio 


541 


Indiana 


1,057 


Illinois .. 


28 


Michigan. 


3,629 


Wisconsin 


161 


Minnesota 


2,166 




636 




75 


Kentucky ... 


17 


Texas 


7,274 


Idaho. 


2,332 




1,845 


Utah . 


779 


Washington . . 


1,457 


Oregon .. 


1,633 


California . 


2,325 




255 






Total.... 


31, 646 


33, 062 


35, 192 


33, 326 


40, 281 


40, 067 


28, 807 


31,358 


27, 842 


30, 467 


* 30,576 



i Crop-movement season covers 16 months, from March of one year through June of the following year. 

2 Preliminary. 

8 Includes 1 car in July 1933. 

* Includes 28 cars for emergency relief. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



Table 231. 



-Onions: Average I. c. I. price per 100 pounds, New York and Chicago, 
by months, 1927-28 to 1936-87 





Bermuda varieties 


Various common varieties 




April 


May 


June 


"3 


CO 

3 
bfl 

< 

Dol. 
2.17 
2.62 
2.31 
1.88 
2.14 
1.17 
2.30 
2.83 
2 1.86 

2 1.56 

2.57 
2.72 
3.08 

3 2.12 
2.43 
1.23 
2.50 
2.61 
1.68 
2.00 


§ 
a 

CO 

m 


u 
<o 

O 
O 

O 


a 


© 

a 

§ 

CD 

R 

Dol. 
2.18 
4.42 
2.28 
1.55 
3.85 
1.26 
2.77 
2.52 
2.30 
1.66 

2.02 
4.59 
2.29 
1.47 
3.57 
1.06 
2.08 
2.05 
2.23 
1.30 


>> 

03 

a 

03 


CJ 

t-, 

CD 




Market and season 




>> 
D 


"3 


CO 




CD 

to 

>> 

S-i 

O 


03 


New York: 

1927-28 

1928-29 


Dol. 
5.36 
5.38 

4.47 
3.40 


Dol. 
'I'll 
4."05 


Dol. 
5.64 
3.14 
3.10 
2.60 


Dot. 
~3~33 


Dot. 
6.64 
2.37 
3.50 
2.96 
3.20 
■1.69 
3.38 
3.18 
3.69 
2.00 

5.57 
2.31 
3.45 
3.02 
2.93 
1.68 
2.88 
2.76 
3.12 
1.86 


Dol. 

Too 

"3.I6 

6.07 

2.64 
4.42 
3.48 
3.14 
1.84 
2.92 
2.84 
3.10 
1.82 


Dol. 
2.90 
2.15 
3.03 
2.25 
1.73 
1.49 
2.22 
2.71 

21.91 

1.90 

3.31 

2.25 
3.60 
2.98 
2.24 

Y72 
2.75 
1.80 
2.18 


Dol. 
1.72 
3.53 
2.02 
1.70 
2.55 
1.27 
2.08 
2.42 
2 1.72 
21.62 

1.74 
3.35 
2.44 
31.80 
2.74 
1.29 
2.14 
1.90 
1.86 
1.56 


Dol. 
1.60 
3.62 
1.91 
1.53 
2.73 
1.41 
2.16 
2.25 
2.45 
1.54 

1.68 
3.66 
2.12 

3 1.14 

2.94 
1.09 
1.72 
1.82 
1.83 
1.12 


Dol. 
1.72 
4.14 
1.86 
1.63 
2.97 
1.29 
2.20 
2.54 
2.58 
1.56 

1.65 
4.22 
2.20 
3.89 
2.76 
1.00 
1.80 
2.22 
2.26 
1.16 


Dol. 
2.60 
4.88 
2.23 
1.28 
4.58 
1.37 
2.94 
2.46 
2.56 

2.77 
5.27 
2.39 
1.51 
4.65 
1.06 
2.92 
2.18 
2.26 


Dol. 
2.89 
5.42 
2.37 
1.32 
4.58 
1.41 
3.12 
3.60 
2.72 

2.78 
5.39 
2.18 
1.27 
5.14 
1.04 
2.84 
3.17 
2.32 


Dol. 
4.25 
4.67 


1929-30 


2.11 


1930-31 

1931-32 


1.47 
6.38 


1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 


16.52 
12.27 
12.99 
■5.06 
12.42 

5.27 
4.57 
4.07 
3.87 

i"(5.~66 
'2.49 
'2.59 
14.93 
11.94 


iTii 

i~2.~52 

5.96 
5.23 
5.22 
4.55 

i~7."l6 
12.51 
13.02 
15.16 
'2.40 


12.78 
2.42 
U.87 
14.45 
11.58 

5.06 
3.04 
3.06 
2.78 
3.26 
2.42 
2.38 
2.04 
4.27 
1.72 


12.71 

1 1." 97 

iT72 

6.15 
3.17 
3.33 
3.15 
3.71 
2.60 
2.57 
2.11 
4.34 
1.90 


1.45 
2.71 
4.64 


1935-36 

1936-37.... 

Chicago: 

1927-28. 


2.22 
4.04 


1928-29 


5.26 


1929-30. .. 


1.73 


1930-31 


1.60 


1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34. 


6.86 
1.16 
2.46 


1934-35 


4.53 


1935-36 

1936-37 


1.78 



1 No quotations for TJ. S. No. 1 grade; prices shown are for U. S. Commercial grade which is not com- 
parable with U. S. No. 1. 

3 Street sales. 

3 Carlot sales. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily market reports from Bureau representatives in 
the markets. , . . , .. 

Average prices as shown are based on stock of U. S. No. 1 grade, except as otherwise stated; they are 
simple averages of daily range of selling prices. In some cases conversions have been made from larger to 
smaller units or vice versa in order to obtain comparability. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



175 



Table 232. — Peaches: Total -production, value, and domestic exports, United States, 

1919-36 * 



Year 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers ' 


Farm 
value 


Production of 
dried and canned 
peaches in terms 

of fresh fruit 


Domestic exports, year beginning July J 


Dried 


Canned 


Fresh 


Dried 


Canned 4 


Total 

in terms 

of fresh 


Percent- 
age of 
produc- 
tion 


1919 


1,000 

bushels 

60, 686 

51, 756 

44, 541 

32, 813 

57, 476 

44, 781 

47,766 

51, 146 

44,335 

« 64, 799 

6 41, 601 

8 64, 501 

42, 827 

44, 434 

8 54, 186 

8 76, 689 

e 42, 443 

8 44, 692 

e 45, 665 

52,808 

46, 118 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
bushels 


Percent 


1919. 


1.89 
2.04 
1.48 
1.33 
1.37 


98,061 
90, 734 
48, 539 
76, 425 
61, 187 


7,676 
5,921 
4,605 
6,140 
5,702 






12, 756 
3,573 
6,260 
5,586 

12, 975 




1,399 

392 

699 

2,025 

2,786 


2 7 


1920 








.9 


1921 


5,281 
8,235 
6,711 


«611 
13, 170 
15, 065 




2.1 


1922 

1923 

1924 


54, 624 
50, 374 


3.5 
6.2 


1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 


1.24 
1.36 

.99 
1.16 

.97 


63, 365 
60, 536 
62, 869 
45, 259 
58, 578 


5,263 
3,546 
6,184 
3,778 
6,180 


5,757 
9,509 
13, 180 
10, 137 
13, 684 


16, 172 
15, 749 
14, 453 
17, 969 
22,067 


4,668 
3,351 
6,968 
6,542 
12, 436 


57, 390 
83, 160 
81, 896 
86, 634 
101, 438 


2,044 
2,428 
2,771 
2,897 
3,937 


4.0 
5.5 
4.3 

7.0 
6.1 


1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 ' 


1.37 
.88 
.56 
.53 
.76 
.81 
.84 
.94 


60, 855 
43, 895 
40, 984 
18, 838 
32,340 
35, 035 
44,410 
43, 435 


3,339 

5,726 
4,715 
4,868 
5,166 
6,388 
4,386 


7,634 
12, 472 
7, 899 
6,081 
9, 671 
8,066 
10, 525 


19, 973 
12, 859 
10, 731 
3,298 
3,371 
4,884 
10, 041 


3,847 
8,482 
8,490 
7,649 
7,569 
6,351 
6,097 


74, 470 
75, 763 
66, 300 
74, 999 
81, 464 
50, 419 
102. 957 


2,389 
2,776 
2,536 
2,470 
2,597 
1,849 
3,023 


5.4 
5.1 
3.3 

5.8 
5.8 
4.0 

5.7 



















1 Dried peaches converted to terms of fresh on the basis that dried peaches equal 19 percent of fresh. 
Canned peaches converted to terms of fresh on the basis that 1 pound canned equals about 1 pound fresh; 
48 pounds of fresh equals 1 bushel. No reexports reported. 

2 From 1919 to 1922, Sept. 15 price; 1923-25, Sept. 15 price in North, Aug. 15 price in South. 

3 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June issues, 1919-26, 
January and June issues ,1927-36. 

* Canned peaches were reported in value only, prior to July 1, 1922. 

5 No exports reported prior to Jan. 1, 1922; figures for 1921 represent exports Jan. 1, 1922 to June 30, 1922. 

8 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: 1,297,000 bushels 
in 1926; 2,709,000 in 1927; 3,842,000 in 1928; 10,639,000 in 1930, including 6,180,000 sold but left on the trees; 
8,063,000 in 1931, including 3,938,000 sold but left on the trees; 6,710,000 in 1932; 3,647,000 in 1933, including 
1,480,000 sold but left on the trees, and 2,208,000 in 1934. Values are based on the quantity actually harvested 
plus a quantity of fruit that was sold but left on the trees in 1930, 1931, and 1933. 

i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. Production of dried peaches as 
reported by California Cooperative Crop-reporting Service. Production of canned peaches as reported 
by Giannini Foundation, Berkeley, Calif. 



130180—37- 



-12 



176 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 233. — Peaches: Production and season average price per bushel received 
by fanners, by States, average 1928-32, and annual 1935 and 1936 



Production 



State and division 



New Hampshire ... 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

North Atlantic 

Ohio- - 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan - 

Iowa 

Missouri .. 

Nebraska 

Kansas... 

North Central- 
Delaware 

Maryland.. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia— 

Florida 

South Atlantic. . 



Aver- 
age, 

1928- 
32 



1,000 

bu. 

20 

153 

34 

205 

1,617 

1,692 

1,708 



1935 



1,000 
bu. 
2 
21 



800 
1,675 



5,429 



1.089 

658 

1,751 

1,416 

67 

591 

40 

146 



5,758 



292 

509 

839 

492 

1,980 

1,205 

1 5, 749 

68 

2 11, 133 



3,334 



1,606 

900 

3.285 

1,966 

81 

1,186 

60 

198 



282 



225 

382 

774 

300 

2,400 

1,781 

5,891 

52 



11,805 



1936 i 



1,000 



105 
28 
158 
700 
1,380 
576 



2,955 



168 
12 
315 
1,334 
10 
66 
4 
17 



1,926 



10, 



Price for 
crop of— 



1935 



Dol. 
2.25 
1.80 
1.75 
1.50 
1.00 
1.30 



1936 



Dol. 
1.75 
1.70 
1.65 
1.40 
1.40 
1.25 



1.15] 1.60 



1.16 1.38 



.95 
.95 
.85 
1.00 
.85 
1.05 
1.20 



.92 



1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
.95 
.95 
.85 
.85 
.95 



.91 



1.70 
1.70 
1.50 
1.50 
1.50 
1.60 
1.70 
1.65 



1.52 



1.50 
1.45 
1.65 
1.60 
1.50 
1.20 
1.20 
1.00 



1.30 



State and division 



Kentucky. 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi... 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

South Central. .. 

Idaho 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada.. 

Washington _. 

Oregon 

California 

Clingstone 8 

Freestone 4 

Western 

United States... 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1928- 
32 



1,000 

bu. 
574 

1,402 
933 
619 

1,461 
192 
458 

1.380 



7,020 



152 

950 

78 

78 

595 

5 

1,131 

277 

2 23,844 

215,610 

2 8,234 



2 2Y,111 



2 56,451 



1935 



1,000 

bu. 
546 
899 
825 
550 

1,290 
175 
816 

1,891 



6, 992 



160 

1,276 

103 

67 

680 

8 

928 

297 

17. &76 

12, 001 

5,875 



21, 395 



52, 80S 



1936 1 



1,000 

bu. 
110 
840 

1.040 

759 

825 

228 

16 

1,200 



5,018 



139 

1,213 

65 

47 

748 

8 

1,424 

258 

21. 627 

14,251 

7,376 



25, 529 



46, 118 



Price for 
crop of— 



1935 



Dol. 
.90 
.95 
.85 
.95 
.90 
1.05 
1.05 
.90 



93 



.85 
.80 
1.20 
1.30 
.75 
1.20 
1.05 
1.15 
.64 
.65 
.64 



.84 



1936 



Dol. 
1.40 
1.15 
.95 
1.00 
1.10 
1.10 
1.60 
1.10 



1.07 



1.00 
.80 

1.25 

1.50 
.70 

1.35 
.75 

1.05 
.65 
.65 
.65 



C7 



94 



i Preliminarj^. 

3 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: 1928, 2,917,000 bushels 
clingstone in California and 925,000 bushels in Georgia; 1930, 10,139,000 bushels clingstone including 6,180,000 
bushels sold but left on the trees and 500,000 bushels freestone; 1931, 8,063,000 bushels clingstone including 
3,938,000 bushels sold but left on the trees; 1932, 6,376,000 bushels clingstone and 334,000 bushels freestone. 

3 Mainly for canning. 

« Mainly for drying. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



177 



Table 234. — Peaches: Census enumeration of trees not of bearing age and trees 
of bearing age, 1920, 1925, 19S0, and 1985 





1920 


1925 


1930 


1935 


State and division 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Total 
trees, re- 
gardless of 
age 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Maine 


2,570 
23,200 
3,978 
135, 426 
25,366 
133, 577 


5,666 

81,287 

2,915 

346, 260 

61, 125 

495, 750 


7,222 
59, 373 
3,309 
306,408 
58, 413 
406, 915 


1,880 
25, 777 
1,412 
121, 721 
23,092 
128, 750 


3,168 
40, 708 
2,919 
182, 198 
34,299 
250, 678 


3,155 

14, 839 
2,145 
58, 377 
19, 589 
84, 214 


1,873 
43, 79^ 


New Hampshire 


Vermont 


3,807 


Massachusetts 


167, 357 


Rhode Island 


37, 167 


Connecticut ". . 


242, 836 






New England 


324, 117 


993, 003 


841,640 


302, 632 


513,970 


182, 319 


496, 834 






New York 


658, 868 

884,067 

1, 234, 708 


3, 038, 023 
1, 936, 632 
3, 563, 726 


3, 297, 454 
2, 425, 728 
3, 753, 363 


785, 698 

320, 021 

1, 083, 603 


1, 683, 521 

1, 463, 108 

2, 362, 904 


440, 392 
269, 555 
860, 321 


1, 702, 390 


New Jersey 


1, 127, 483 


Pennsylvania 


2, 190, 885 






Middle Atlantic __. 


2, 777, 643 


8, 538, 381 


9, 476, 545 


2, 189, 322 


5, 509, 533 


1, 570, 268 


5, 020, 758 


Ohio 


970, 183 
568, 046 
839, 712 
764, 838 
1,153 


2, 924, 177 

860, 024 

1,011,325 

2, 010, 022 

1,522 


3, 655, 354 

2, 046, 657 

4, 139, 100 

3, 229, 145 

5,036 


1, 461, 539 

604, 558 

1, 037, 459 

1, 173, 238 

1,246 


2, 356, 404 

1, 324, 844 

2, 989, 997 
2, 007, 743 

3.360 


833, 057 
242, 071 
322, 663 
940, 506 
1,560 


2, 486, 068 


Indiana . 


1, 092, 634 


Illinois.. . 


2, 841, 878 


Michigan. 


1, 956, 917 


Wisconsin 


1,519 








East North Central. ... 


3, 143, 932 


6, 807, 070 


13, 075, 292 


4, 278, 040 


8, 682, 348 


2, 339, 857 


8, 379, 016 


Minnesota 


427 

61, 043 

716, 325 

32 

177 
40, 118 
278, 914 


890 

129, 939 

2, 358, 925 

38 

109 

95, 629 

844, 498 


1,060 

344, 535 

2, 785, 647 


532 

95, 162 

668, 953 

90 

432 

73, 529 

267, 164 


1,009 

192, 361 

1, 611, 593 

63 

382 

118, 924 

509, 167 


264 

97, 801 

402, 286 

23 

258 

55, 522 

111,977 


417 


Iowa 


300, 547 


Missouri 


1, 785, 474 


North Dakota 


7 


South Dakota __ .. 


447 
136, 493 
852, 976 


80 


Nebraska 


132, 042 


Kansas 


440, 350 


West North Central.... 


1, 097, 036 


3, 430, 028 


4, 121, 158 


1, 105, 862 


2, 433, 499 


668, 131 


2, 658, 917 


Delaware 


93, 336 

285, 486 

238 

783, 733 

651, 742 

1, 093, 993 

335, 599 

3,391,851 

116,913 


464, 514 

997, 086 

1,208 

1, 578, 253 

2, 049, 862 

1, 976, 756 

871, 976 
8, 655, 051 

206, 155 


501, 111 

1, 042, 883 

247 

2, 196, 238 

1, 788, 502 

4, 116, 566 

1, 453, 161 

14, 969, 465 

290, 590 


115, 027 

214, 225 

253 

681, 027 

552, 721 

634, 733 

274, 134 

1, 306, 190 

68, 269 


382, 350 

680, 258 

457 

1, 443, 789 
1, 122, 288 

2, 674, 922 
1,161,006 
7, 914, 134 

139, 841 


54,002 
124, 659 
225 
473, 580 
396, 326 
695, 425 
391,812 
993, 924 

32, 993 


386, 928 


Maryland 


533, 512 


District of Columbia 

Virginia 


80 
1, 279, 126 


West Virginia 


984, 406 


North Carolina 


2, 428, 063 


South Carolina . .. 


1, 176, 708 


Georgia .. 


6, 530, 576 


Florida 


84, 701 


South Atlantic 


6, 752, 891 


16, 800, 861 


26, 358, 763 


3, 846, 579 


15, 519, 045 


3, 162, 946 


13, 404, 100 






Kentucky 


690, 483 
690, 359 
546, 024 
493, 651 


1, 671, 044 

2, 349, 656 
1, 544, 700 

855, 158 


1, 994, 033 
3, 798, 917 
1, 849, 990 
1, 070, 571 


854, 324 
918, 892 
492, 958 
459, 425 


1,311,431 
2, 747, 078 
1, 198, 131 

798, 582 


455, 861 
472, 667 
456, 847 
358, 989 


1, 215, 08fi 


Tennessee 


2, 226, 245 


Alabama 


1, 476, 368 


Mississippi 


913, 489 


East South Central 


2, 420, 517 


6, 420, 558 


8,713,511 


2, 725, 599 


6, 055, 222 


1, 744, 364 


5, 831, 188 


Arkansas 


988, 966 

231, 909 

637, 762 

1, 640, 848 


3, 342, 387 
408, 178 

2, 879, 945 

4, 461, 717 


4, 344, 322 

413, 881 

2, 350, 907 

3, 758, 188 


1, 059, 834 
249, 084 
442, 445 

1, 313, 030 


3, 238, 090 

325, 464 

1, 384, 806 

3, 077, 538 


540, 249 

180, 850 

169, 880 

1, 036, 951 


3, 571, 003 


Louisiana 


405, 139 


Oklahoma ... 


978, 999 


Texas 


3,110,059 


West South Central..— 


3, 499, 485 


11, 092, 227 


10, 867, 298 


3, 064. 393 


8, 025, 898 


1, 927, 930 


8, 065, 200 


Montana 


420 
26,648 
33 
32,158 
36,923 
26, 681 
28,551 
3,721 


1,831 
178, 434 
19 
446, 943 
154, 968 
101, 855 
554, 202 

5,940 


1,388 

147, 631 

147 

407, 950 

131, 973 

93, 182 

622, 021 

10, 695 


495 

22,427 

46 

334, 565 

33, 266 

18, 335 

206, 197 

2,457 


311 

95,758 

55 

454, 101 

92, 933 

53,038 

491, 430 

8,129 


643 

32, 819 

69 

136, 979 

29,030 

18,237 

107, 312 

2,025 


351 


Idaho .. 


78,928 


Wyoming 


18 


Colorado ... 


621, 128 


New Mexico 


93, 357 


Arizona 


52, 877 


Utah 


439, 194 


Nevada. 


6,522 


Mountain 


155, 135 


1, 444, 192 


1, 414, 987 


617, 788 


1, 195, 755 


327, 114 


1, 292, 375 


Washington 


50,254 

29, 911 

1, 366, 941 


649, 085 

412, 936 

9, 057, 760 


666, 141 

348, 334 

13, 151, 350 


227, 315 

143, 267 

1,633,516 


532, 497 

222,001 

10, 222, 215 


121, 586 
123, 959 
826, 747 


605, 828 


Oregon 


290,190 


California 


8, 029, 435 


Pacific 


1, 447, 106 


10, 119, 781 


14, 165, 825 


2, 004, 098 


10, 976, 713 


1, 072, 292 


8, 925, 453 


United States 


21, 617, 862^ 


65, 646, 101 


89, 035, 019 


20, 134, 313 


58,911,983 


12, 995, 221 


54, 073, 841 







Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census. 



178 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 235. — Peaches: Carlot shipments, United States, by months, 1927-36 



Season 


May 


June 


July 


August 


Septem- 
ber 


October « 


Total 


1927 


Cars 
267 
12 
106 

18 
47 


Cars 
5,638 
1,755 
2,374 
2,515 
2,045 
357 
1,476 
1,675 
2,508 
2,578 


Cars 

12,464 

23,122 

10, 429 

12, 956 

15, 765 

3,796 

9,161 

11, 656 

9,696 

10,264 


Cars 
13, 217 
22,822 
14,012 
15, 526 
23, 782 
10, 690 
10,388 
12,831 
10, 913 
10, 165 


Cars 
9,739 
8,802 
8,308 
7,333 
4,283 
5,383 
7,183 
362 
4,252 
2,408 


Cars 
178 
462 
222 
142 
148 
525 

48 

8 

162 

22 


Cars 
41, 503 
56, 975 
35, 451 
38, 490 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


46, 070 
20, 751 


1932... 


1933 


7 
54 
178 
122 


28,263 


1934 


26, 586 


1935 


27,709 


1936 2. 


25, 559 







i Figures include shipments in November as follows: 1932, 3 cars; 1935, 1 car. 
* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
ncluded. See 1927 Yearbook, p. 855, for data for earlier years. 



Table 236.— Peaches: 


Carlot 


shipments, by State of [origin, 1927-36 1 




State 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 » 




Cars 

1,159 

1,089 

514 

441 

245 

1,591 

397 

14 

524 

366 

461 

211 

1,702 

644 

11,882 

43 

292 

11 


Cars 

1,744 

41 

806 

426 

398 

1,975 

514 

2 

30 

291 

324 

166 

3,242 

865 

15, 926 

87 

2,077 

325 

76 

4,013 

17 

278 

125 

1,117 

694 

1,741 

76 

19, 589 

10 


Cars 

865 

544 

732 

2 

676 

4,637 

312 

56 

540 

495 

623 

246 

1,250 

602 

5,298 

60 

1,144 

81 

60 

2,679 

121 

569 

135 

1,765 

550 

1,554 

51 

9,780 

24 


Cars 

2,310 

24 

330 

98 

C 3 ) 

( 3 ) 

183 
--- 

83 
19 
32 

2,172 
747 

8,623 

""256" 

42 

7 

41 

--- 

1 

1,369 

341 

609 

48 

21,072 

31 


Cars 

956 

88 

658 

122 

533 

5,307 

259 

83 

495 

149 

446 

114 

2,564 

862 

13, 589 

217 

1,364 

232 

123 

4,187 

4 

143 

31 

1,507 

221 

912 

29 

10,859 

16 


Cars 

1,920 

47 

587 

106 

46" 

292 

29" 
60 

87 

39 

1,833 

523 

2,024 

3 

6 

"""233" 

3 

20 

34 

1,743 

447 

892 

33 

9,739 

5 


Cars 

882 

5 

274 

2 

225 

1,783 

3 

7 

2 

156 

747 

169 

1,280 

719 

7,896 

27 

245 

15 

5 

256 

27" 

22 

847 

121~ 

33 

12, 507 

8 


Cars 

45 

1 

424 

6 

1 

318 

77 

4 


Cars 

623 

2 

302 

85 

244 

2,202 

164 

7 


Cars 
336 


New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


6 
88 
4 


Indiana 


1 




147 




162 


Missouri 






196 




"""275" 

6 

1,161 

798 

8,204 

39 

777 

72 

6 

1,659 

30 

16 

39 

1,923 

127 

986 

35 

9,536 

21 


136 

596 

96 

1,494 

1,362 

8,626 

108 

106 

56 

3 

644 

8 

40 

35 

1,878 

299 

583 

59 

7,948 

3 


108 




390 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 


123 

937 

1,285 

8,200 


Kentucky 


56 




207 




62 




17 




1,780 

118 

49 

38 

1,709 

798 

248 

21 

15, 145 

11 


1,112 








164 


Idaho 


113 




1,996 


Utah 


457 


Washington 


1,561 
53 




7,757 


Other States 


21 


Total.. 


41, 503 


56, 975 


35, 451 


38,490 


46, 070 


20, 751 


28, 263 


26,586 


27, 709 


25,559 



' Crop-movement season extends from May through October of a given year. Figures for New York 
for 1932 include shipments in November following the regular crop-movement season. 
2 Preliminary. 
* No shipments because of frost killing. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 






STATISTICS OF FBUITS AND VEGETABLES 



179 



Table 237. — Peaches: Average I. c. I. price, New York and Chicago, by months, 

1927-36 » 





6-basket carrier 


Bushel basket 


Market and season 


June 


July 


August 


June 


July 


August 


Septem- 
ber 


October 


New York: 

1927 


Dollars 
3.22 
3.48 
3.86 
3.58 
2.96 
2.98 
3.06 
2.78 
2.52 
2.46 

2.30 
3.40 
4.08 
3.55 


Dollars 
2.59 
2.17 
3.45 
3.22 
2.38 
2.94 
1.70 
2.33 
2.18 
2.89 

2.32 

2.09 
3.45 
3.18 
2.03 
3.02 
1.68 
1.91 


Dollars 
2.65 
1.62 
2.70 
2.62 
1.22 
1.26 
1.57 
2.03 
2.05 
2.02 


Dollars 
3.10 
3.61 
3.85 
4.08 
2.97 


Dollars 
2.80 
2.01 
2.95 
2.94 
2.14 
2.81 
2.06 
2.20 
2.10 
2.63 

2.66 
2.18 
2.93 
3.04 
2.01 
3.05 
1.94 
2.27 
1.97 
2.85 


Dollars Dollars 
2. 94 2. 19 

1. 69 2. 05 

2. 56 2. 52 
2. 63 2. 10 
1. 50 1. 21 
1. 46 1. 39 
1. 79 1. 93 

2. 16 3. 13 

2. 17 1. 69 
2. 11 2. 39 

2. 81 2. 30 

1. 94 2. 15 

2. 05 2. 31 

3. 02 2. 34 
1. 27 1. 17 
1. 72 1. 30 
2. 11 2. 22 
2.47 2.28 
1. 89 1. 46 
2.42 I 1.89 


Dollars 
2.59 


1928.. 


1.74 


1929 




1930 




1931 




1932 


.78 


1933.. 


3.14 
2.70 
2.45 
2.71 

2.35 




1934 




1935 


.90 


1936 




Chicago: 

1927 




1928 


1.44 


2.11 


1929 






1930 


2.45 
1.27 

1.57 


2.97 




1931 




1932 . 






.95 


1933... 


2.34 
2.25 


2.56 
2.72 
2.39 
2.57 




1934 


2.11 




1935. 


.92 


1936 1 1 







1 Varieties chiefly included each month are as follows: June: Carman, Early Rose, Hiley, Red Bird, 
Uneeda. July: Carman, Elberta, Belle, Hale, Hiley, Red Bird. August: Elberta, Belle, Hale, Hiley. 
September: Elberta, Hale. October: Elberta. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from daily market reports from Bureau representatives 
in the markets. Average prices as shown are based on stock of good merchantable quality and condition; 
they are simple averages of daily range of selling prices. 



Table 238. 



■Pears: Total production, value, and domestic exports, United States, 
1919-36 



Year 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers » 


Farm 
value 


Production of 

dried and canned 

pears in terms of 

fresh fruit 


Domestic exports, year beginning July » 


Dried 


Canned 


Fresh » 


Canned ' 


Dried 


Total 
in terms 
of fresh 


Percent- 
age of 
produc- 
tion 


1919 


1,000 
bushels 

u, m 

14, 891 
17, 168 
11,241 
20, 206 
16, 967 
18,412 
19, 938 
24, 564 

* 17, 991 

* 23, 518 
18, 500 
21, 138 

« 25, 665 

* 23, 357 

* 22, 050 

* 21, 192 

* 23, 490 
22,035 
24, 128 


Dollars 


1,000 
dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
bushels 


Percent 


1919 


1.84 
1.68 
1.70 
1.09 
1.24 
1.43 
1.40 
.89 
1.33 
1.01 


27, 376 
28, 755 
19, 052 
22, 052 
21,091 
26, 401 
28,020 
21, 926 
23,819 
23,704 


1,265 
594 
242 

1,320 
220 
605 
770 
935 
760 

1,225 














1920 














1921 


1,280 
2,579 
1,831 
2,219 
3,660 
3,438 
2,787 
4,341 












1922. . 


36, 785 

50, 237 
41, 452 
71, 205 
73, 877 

51, 056 
82,847 


49, 358 
38, 431 
53, 851 
75,876 
66, 104 
52, 671 
82, 652 




1,890 
1,904 
2,089 
3,199 
3,024 
2,253 
3,879 


9.4 


1923.. 




11.2 


1924 




11.3 


1925. .. 




16.0 


1926 




12.3 


1927-—-. 




12.5 


1928 

1929 


» 2, 626 


16.5 


1929 

1930. 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 « 


1.43 
.75 
.60 

.39 
.55 
.70 
.63 
.67 


30, 152 
18, 321 
13, 676 
7,627 
10, 780 
16, 195 
13,800 
16, 272 


924 

992 

961 

1,223 

1,423 

1,144 

990 


4,634 
4,639 
3,817 
3,395 
4,758 
5,894 
4,581 


62,024 
134, 670 

90, 702 
119,987 
111,008 
100, 635 
124, 144 


54,709 
74,355 
71, 570 
60, 762 
78, 384 
71,379 
82,316 


3,655 
8,037 
6,079 
6,257 
8,408 
5,687 
7,560 


2,922 
5,317 
4,157 
4,509 
4,979 
4,308 
5,240 


13.8 
20.7 
17.8 
20.4 
23.5 
18.3 
23.8 



1 Prior to 1926, prices are as of November 15. 

' Canned pears converted to terms of fresh on the basis that canned fruit is equivalent to about 85.5 per- 
cent of fresh; dried pears converted to terms of fresh on the basis that 1 pound dried equals about 5.5 pounds 
fresh; 50 pounds fresh equals 1 bushel. No imports of pears reported. Compiled from Monthly Summary 
of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June issues, 1923-26, January and June issues, 1927-36. 

3 Exports were reported in value only prior to July 1, 1922. 

4 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: 42,000 bushels in 
1927; 62,000 in 1928; 1,292,000 in 1930; 625,000 in 1931; 2,666,000 in 1932; 1,667,000 in 1933, and 375,000 in 1934. 
Prices and value are computed on the harvested crop. 

4 January- June 1929. Not previously reported. * Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. Production of dried pears as 
reported by California Cooperative Crop-reporting Service. Production of canned pears as reported by 
Giannini Foundation, Berkeley, Calif. 



180 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 239. — Pears: Production and season average price per bushel received by 
farmers, by States, average 1928-32, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and division 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and division 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


19361 


Maine. 


1,000 
bu. 
13 
11 
9 
55 
8 

23 

1,262 

105 

395 


1,000 

bu. 
6 
8 
5 
45 
5 

15 

663 

79 

370 


1,000 
bu. 
5 
4 
2 
42 
7 

18 
776 
94 
279 


Dol. 
1.25 
1.10 
1.00 
.90 
1.00 
1.15 
.90 
.65 
.80 


Dol. 
1.40 
1.35 
1.40 
1.05 
1.25 
1.30 
.90 
.60 
.85 

.88 




1,000 
bu. 
166 

49 


1,000 
bu. 
97 
35 


1,000 
bu. 
189 
67 


Dol. 
.80 
.65 


Dol. 


New Hampshire- 


Florida 


50 




South Atlantic. 
Kentucky 




Massachusetts 


990 


947 


957 


.73 


.73 


Connecticut.. 


180 
223 
279 
197 
121 
64 
133 
371 


126 
113 
145 
121 
154 
50 
245 
469 


50 

123 

295 

335 

61 

77 

10 

325 


.80 
.90 
. 75 
.80 
.75 
.75 
.70 
.75 


1 00 


New York 






New Jersey 


Alabama 


60 


Pennsylvania 


Mississippi 


.50 

.95 
65 


North Atlantic. - 


1,882 


1,196 


1,227 


.86 


Louisiana 






1.25 
90 


Ohio 


348 
189 
446 
600 

81 
268 

35 
137 


400 
170 
659 
680 
102 
470 
44 
217 


174 
56 
185 
763 
33 
67 
13 
22 


.60 
.50 
.50 
.70 
.70 
.50 
.90 
.70 


.85 
.75 
.80 
.75 
L10 
.95 
1.30 
1.00 


Texas 




South Central... 
Idaho 




Illinois 


1.568 


1,423 


1,276 


.76 


72 






Iowa 


65 

380 

43 

15 

77 

5 

3,771 

2,711 

29,534 


57 

351 

38 

12 

49 

8 

5,060 

3,360 

6,792 


58 
333 
27 

11 

91 

8 

5,400 

3,760 

9,667 


1.00 
.50 
1.00 
1.40 
1.25 
1.25 
.50 
.55 
.68 


1 00 


Missouri 


85 


Nebraska 


New Mexico 


80 


Kansas 


1 40 






.95 
1 30 


North Central. . 


2,105 


2,742 


1,313 


.59 


.80 


Nevada. _ 




Washington 


.65 

65 


Delaware 


29 

105 
276 

63 
207 

94 


27 
106 
325 

64 
222 

71 


38 
110 
274 

16 
181 

82 


.60 
.60 
.60 
.85 
.90 
.85 


.50 
.50 
.75 
1.00 
.95 
.90 


Marvland 


California 


.63 




Western. . 




West Virginia 


'16, 600 


15, 727 


19. 355 


.60 


65 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


United States 




223,146 


22, 035 


24,128 


.63 


.67 



1 Preliminary. 

* Includes 62.000 bushels in 1928, 1,292,000 in 1930, 625,000 in 1931, and 2,666,000 bushels in 1932 not 
harvested on account of market conditions. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 240.— Pears: Carlot shipments, by State of origin 1926-27 to 1935-36 



State 


Crop-movement season l 


1926-27 


1927-28 


1928-29 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-362 


New York 


Cars 

2,263 

100 

858 

457 

249 

33 

12 

144 

750 

5,278 

2,909 

11, 673 

483 


Cars 

1,694 

130 

228 

536 

49 

32 

93 

213 

737 

2,589 

2,977 

9,215 

251 


Cars 

1,590 

104 

370 

449 

1 

27 

71 

39 

264 

5,868 

4,437 

11, 003 

211 


Cars 

547 

33 

787 

147 

20 

42 

152 

231 

1.082 

4,035 

4,211 

9.465 

395 


Cars 

2,661 

77 

154 

469 

13 

9 

135 

100 

249 

6,157 

5,123 

13, 490 

190 


Cars 

831 

26 

1,058 

131 

7 

14 

46 

105 

397 

4,657 

2,824 

9,804 

157 


Cars 

2,342 

34 

490" 

25 

36 

37 

92 

125 

3,743 

3,574 

7,329 

81 


Cars 

1,000 

11 

188 
125 

79* 

4,350 

2,833 

5,572 

30 


Cars 

721 

24 

872 

413 

3 

5 

20 

52 

153 

4,478 

2.709 

7,628 

100 


Cars 
250 


Ohio 


25 


Illinois 


483 


Michigan 


200 






2 


Alabama 




Texas 


16 


Colorado 


73 


Washington 

Oregon 


5,474 
3,786 




4,781 


Other States 


84 


Total 


25,209 


18, 744 


24, 434 


21, 147 


28,827 


20, 057 


17, 908 


14, 194 


17, 178 


15, 176 



1 Crop movement season covers 12 months, from June of one year through May of the following year. 
Figures for California for 1930-31 to 1932-33 include shipments in month preceding and following the regular 
crop-movement season. * Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



181 



Table 241. 



-Pears: Census enumeration of trees not of bearing age and trees of 
bearing age, 1920 ', 1925, 1930, and 1935 





1920 


1925 


1930 


1935 


State and division 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Total 
trees, re- 
gardless 

of age 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Maine 


7,120 
7,753 
8,484 

52, 745 
7,955 

31, 867 


22, 525 
21, 506 
14, 352 
88, 630 
13, 435 
59, 985 


31, 681 
25, 996 
16,319 
131,361 
18, 659 
90, 658 


4,061 
5,492 
4,037 

36, 196 
2,494 

18, 859 


14, 230 
12, 749 
9,873 
118, 761 
10,294 
46, 133 


2,843 
5,068 
2,669 

27, 194 
2,947 

20, 002 


14, 209 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


19,427 
10, 200 


Massachusetts 


92, 175 




14,923 




74, 449 








115, 924 


220, 433 


314, 674 


71, 139 


212, 040 


60, 723 


225, 383 






New York 


967, 573 

77, 026 

237, 643 


2, 778, 761 
480, 601 
753, 632 


3, 331, 601 
431, 799 
855, 634 


382, 684 

16,910 

123, 340 


2, 067, 588 
121, 713 
512, 466 


219, 048 

9,747 

91, 168 


2, 065, 369 


New Jersey 


90, 176 


Pennsylvania 


536, 908 






Middle Atlantic 


1, 282, 242 


4, 012, 994 


4, 619, 034 


522, 934 


2, 701, 767 


319, 963 


2, 692, 453 


Ohio. 


147. 892 
68. 150 

148. 810 
302, 734 

8,531 


616,416 

337, 515 

435, 707 

1, 029, 735 

23, 637 


687, 771 

388, 394 

771, 671 

1, 249, 246 

37,231 


110,298 
25, 363 
143, 666 
148, 517 
6,509 


419, 707 
194, 540 
463, 395 
828, 752 
16, 327 


100, 379 
23, 058 
53, 715 

125, 070 
10, 160 


541,513 


Indiana 


238, 703 




597, 424 




921, 560 




29,716 






East North Central. .. 


676, 117 


2, 443, 010 


3,134,313 


434, 353 


1, 922, 721 


312, 382 


2, 328, 916 




882 
34, 985 
101, 994 
148 
2,044 
29,011 
79, 957 


1,626 

100, 582 

376, 208 

486 

711 

36,926 

207, 854 


1,873 

147, 277 

480, 878 

363 

1,544 

67, 240 

257, 451 


1,622 
25, 910 
63, 979 
112 
893 
23, 627 
48, 286 


1,478 
87, 661 
289, 515 
95 
616 
42, 725 
171, 439 


2,605 
24, 747 
42, 958 
59 
488 
14, 761 
21, 063 


2,693 




105, 330 


Missouri 


290, 079 


North Dakota 


150 


South Dakota 


732 


Nebraska 


47,885 


Kansas 


165, 798 






West North Central.. 


249, 021 


724, 393 


956, 626 


164, 429 


593, 529 


106, 681 


612, 667 


Delaware 


26, 575 
48, 918 
152 
79, 561 
43, 357 
129, 104 
33, 188 
83, 474 
20, 574 


249, 375 
305, 510 
517 
311,199 
116,685 
219, 725 

78, 999 
178,070 

46, 199 


205, 501 
285, 981 
429 
404, 800 
141, 754 
287, 863 
100, 747 
246, 898 
92, 921 


5,110 
14, 070 
78 
33, 786 
18, 857 
44, 655 
18,816 
56, 149 
74, 787 


66, 235 

159, 998 

266 

231,341 

95, 012 
176,911 

64,939 
142, 248 

62, 997 


2,859 
6,152 
6 
24, 990 
21, 744 
30, 829 
11, 748 
37, 382 
24.619 


22, 041 


Maryland 


68, 979 


District of Columbia 


87 
226, 415 




91, 781 




166,149 


South Carolina 


58, 095 


Georgia 


172, 995 


Florida 


74, 943 






South Atlantic 


464, 903 


1, 506, 279 


1,766,894 


266, 308 


999, 947 


160, 329 


881,485 


Kentucky 


76, 505 
73, 679 
51,411 
51, 094 


238, 007 

223, 556 

115,082 

75, 179 


255, 150 
273, 359 
217, 726 
157, 575 


48, 143 

48, 694 

72, 095 

131, 283 


186, 151 
207, 234 
132,089 
94, 394 


36, 927 
42,191 
46, 747 
77, 434 


175, 183 




186, 683 


Alabama 

Mississippi 


156,211 
155, 663 






East South Central... 


252, 689 


651, 824 


9C3, 810 


300, 215 


619, 868 


2C3, 299 


673, 740 




49, 412 
27, 336 
73, 944 
182, 394 


145, 789 

38, 796 

229, 468 

435, 684 


176, 684 
62,911 
223, 763 
468,828 


39, 595 
56, 784 
34, 626 
141, 773 


107, 091 

43, 996 

177, 108 

338, 795 


22, 655 
30, 200 
20, 794 
95, 945 


126, 436 


Louisiana 


72, 128 


Oklahoma 


122, 215 


Texas.. 


312, 985 






West South Central- 


333, 086 


849, 737 


932, 186 


272, 778 


666, 990 


175, 594 


633, 764 


Montana 


1.3S6 

20, 539 

239 

39, 979 

19, 423 

7,716 

8,479 

4,109 


10, 278 

75, 452 

116 

136,117 

49, 315 

12, 359 

51,812 

3,569 


4,263 

71, 177 

206 

186, 244 

38, 846 

16, 749 

59, 903 

5,874 


764 

9,891 

52 

47, 809 

4,615 

5,292 

46, 538 

1,295 


2,275 

44, 766 

235 

155, 300 

26, 883 

8,978 

62,884 

3,952 


1,236 

8,191 

402 

16, 796 

6,108 

3,130 

27, 863 

342 


2,384 


Idaho 


39, 126 


Wyoming 


107 


Colorado 


116, 777 


New Mexico 


22, 594 


Arizona 


7, 965 


Utah 


76, 983 


Nevada 


3,448 






Mountain 


101,870 


339,018 


383, 262 


116, 256 


305, 273 


64, 068 


269, 384 


Washington 


183, 346 

214, 523 

2, 178, 526 


866, 634 

727, 444 

2, 305, 646 


1,476,093 
1,314,131 
7, 397, 456 


758, 179 

476, 782 

1, 844, 866 


1, 370, 983 
1, 005, 188 
5, 644, 227 


363, 962 
382, 901 
591, 460 


1,680,363 


Oregon 


1, 209, 102 


California 


5, 487, 518 






Pacific 


2, 576, 395 


3, 899, 724 


10, 187, 680 


3, 079, 827 


8, 020, 398 


1,338,323 


8, 376, 983 


United States 


6,052,247 


14, 647, 412 


23, 198, 479 


5, 228, 239 


16, 042, 633 


2, 741, 362 


16, 694, 775 







Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census. 



182 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 242. — Peas, green, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-32, and annual 
1935 and 1936 



Utilization, marketing 


Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


season, and State 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 
Early: 


Acres 
260 

4,100 
1,810 
2 500 


Acres 


Acres 


1,000 
bushels * 
24 

312 

85 

2 28 


1,000 
bushels i 


1,000 
bushels i 


Dollars 
1.80 

2.23 

1.87 

2 1.27 


Dollars 


Dollars 


California, Im- 


2,800 
5,000 
1,000 


3,000 
8,200 
5,200 


238 

400 

25 


480 
508 
312 


1.65 
1.30 
1.30 


2 30 


Florida . 


1.00 


Texas 


1.10 


Total 


6,470 


8,800 


16, 400 


438 


663 


1,300 


2.11 


1.43 


1.50 


Second early: 


3 340 

22, 910 
1,320 
2,210 

3.200 


160 

45, 800 

1,040 

1,800 

3,200 


50,500" 

1,000 
2,000 
3,500 


2 15 

1,781 
72 
161 
157 


11 
2,748 

58 
104 
160 


~~2,~525" 
52 
192 
175 


»1.66 
1.57 

1.88 
1.33 

1.19 


.85 
1.10 
1.10 

.85 
1.10 




California, other- 
Louisiana 

Mississippi 

South Carolina. . 


1.10 

1.70 

.90 

.90 


Total 


29, 770 


52, 000 


57, 000 


2,177 


3, 081 


2,944 


1.53 
.96 

3 1.00 

.85 


1.09 


1.09 


Intermediate (sec. 1) : 
North Carolina.. 


3,940 
2 230 
2,200 


3,500 


3,800 


303 

2 15 

147 


228 


190 


.60 


.60 




2,000 


2,200 


160 


88 


.90 


.75 






Total 


6,320 


5,500 


6,000 


462 


3S8 


27S 


.93 


.72 


.65 


Intermediate (sec. 2): 

Maryland 

New Jersey. 


740 
3,600 


270 

2,800 


270 

3,000 


49 
233 


15 
266 


11 

180 


.88 
1.25 


.75 
.90 


1.25 
1.30 


Total 


4,340 


3,070 


3,270 


282 


281 


191 


1.18 


.89 


1.30 


Late (sec. 1) : 

Colorado 


7,070 

2,070 

6,260 

460 

2 2, 710 


9,300 
4,200 
6,150 
690 
3.850 


9,500 
4,400 

5,100 

700 

6,000 


3 514 
193 
532 

58 

2 497 


3 837 
357 

554 
83 
578 


760 
440 
321 
105 

1,140 


1.30 
1.14 
1.44 
1.43 
2 1.03 


.70 
.60 
.85 
1.00 
.90 


.85 




.85 


New York. 

Oregon 


1.15 
1.00 


Washington 


.90 


Total. 


18, 040 


24, 190 


25, 700 


3 1, 694 


3 2, 409 


2,766 


1.27 


.78 


.91 


Late (sec. 2): 

California other- 
Late (sec. 3): 


6,570 

J320 
8,400 


12, 850 

200 
6,000 


13, 550 

300 

9,200 


587 
2 56 
426 


1,092 

22 
300 


1,287 

34 

368 


1.99 

2 2.05 

1.95 


1.70 
1.20 
1.85 


1.75 
1.15 


California, Im- 
perial 


1.50 


Total 


8,530 


6,200 


9,500 


448 


322 


402 


1.96 


1.80 


1.47 






Grand total 


80. 040 


112. 610 


131. 420 


3 6. 088 


3 8,236 


9,168 


1.51 


1.12 


1.19 


For manufacture: 


Acres 
1,280 

31,210 
1,830 
4,850 
5,680 

12, 550 
10, 130 

102, 400 

13, 940 
2,530 

12, 570 
1,140 
3,120 
3,270 
9,720 
2,080 


Acres 
2,450 

34, 200 
4,850 
5,000 
7,950 

15,000 

13, 500 
123, 000 

24, 000 
3,400 

18, 500 
5,200 
2,400 
3,820 

13, 600 

15, 000 
8,180 

14,990 


Acres 

2,250 

38, 200 

4,750 

4,150 

7,900 

18, 500 

14, 500 

90, 000 

20, 000 

2,800 

17, 800 

5,500 

2,250 

3,560 

12, 700 

21, 000 

16, 150 

14, 340 


Short 

tons * 
1,130 

22, 990 
1,520 
3,090 
5,790 

11, 190 
6,710 

81, 830 

10, 800 
1,690 
9,330 
1,110 
3,580 
2,710 

11,710 
2,190 


Short 

tons* 
2,850 

23, 600 
5,260 
4,250 
9,340 

10, 350 
8,840 

75,640 

26,640 
4,420 

21, 740 
7,540 
2,950 
3,630 

22,640 

15,000 
7,160 

16,250 


Short 
tons * 
1,910 
13, 180 
4,040 
2,800 

12, 300 

7,030 

43, 200 

14, 000 

1,500 

11, 120 

3,020 

2,140 

3,510 

12, 060 

26, 250 

12, 840 

10, 360 


Dollars 
62.40 
56.40 
55.60 
45.20 

50.80 
45. 20 
55.90 
48.80 
57.00 
56.50 
57.60 
44.40 
44.10 
54.10 
54.30 


Dollars 
56.80 
57.00 
53.80 
40.50 

55.00 
53.00 
54.00 
47.80 
52.00 
55.00 
52.50 
50.00 
39.10 
49.40 
50.00 
54.50 
48.12 


Dollars 
52.70 


New York .. 


57.30 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio... 


50.70 
41.30 


Indiana 




Illinois 


47.50 


Michigan.. 


57.40 


Wisconsin 


56.60 




56.60 


Delaware 


52.40 


Maryland ... 


50.60 




50.00 


Montana 


45.00 


Colorado 


38.80 


Utah 


47.80 


Washington 


47.40 




51.50 


Other States « 


5,190 


4,700 


56.59 


48.46 


Total 


223, 490 


315, 040 


296. 350 


182, 070 


268, 100 


187, 380 


54.13 


51.80 


51.56 



1 Bushels containing approximately 30 pounds, unshelled. 
3 Short-time average. 

3 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Colorado, 117,000 bushels in 
1932 and 106,000 in 1935. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

4 Reported on shelled basis. 

» Other States includes California, Idaho, Iowa , Kansas, Nebraska, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Tennessee, 
Texas and Wyoming. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning establish- 
ments. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 1§3 

Table 243. — Peas, green: Carlot shipments, by Stale of origin, 1926-86 l 



State 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936* 


New York 


Cars 

1,110 

27 

55 

288 

£96 

167 


CdT8 

975 

40 

54 

259 

570 

207 

9 

243 

101 

149 

111 

1,361 

100 


Cars 
837 

38 

68 
281 
685 
247 

14 
250 
176 
348 
152 
1,642 

63 


Cars 
731 

28 

52 
222 
368 
244 

31 
199 
238 
459 
334 
2,205 

77 


Cars 

892 

1 

2 

129 

482 

265 

6 

234 

407 

463 

791 

3,494 

128 


Cars 

431 

13 

13 

232 

554 

256 

130 

282 

415 

559 

539 

3,016 

120 


Cars 

351 

1 


Cars 

123 

1 


Cars 

39 

3 

3 

66 

264 

95 

745 

166 

282 

407 

606 

4,115 

155 


Cars 

30 

2 


Cars 

7 


New Jersey 










75 
284 

71 
146 

46 
349 
590 
829 
4,891 
217 


90 

335 
106 
331 
100 
322 
445 
1,087 
5,899 
199 


254 
221 
137 
486 
132 
603 
643 
891 
4,408 
169 


62 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Florida 


106 
122 
727 


Mississippi 


233 
40 
58 
64 
803 
127 


266 


Idaho. ... 


731 


Colorado 


504 




1,038 




4,544 


Other States 


206 






Total- 


3,568 


4,179 


4,801 


5,188 


7,294 


6,560 


7,850 


9,038 


6,946 


7,976 


3 8, 313 







1 Crop-movement season is for calendar year, except Florida and Texas, which begin in October of the 
preceding year, 
s Preliminary. 
» Includes 93 cars for emergency relief in July, 1936. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 244. — Peas, green, canned: Pack ! in the United States, 1924.-86 



State 


Season 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


New York 


1,000 

cases 

2,931 

331 

430 

483 

697 

710 

10, 390 

470 

873 

830 

1,170 


1,000 

cases 

2,385 

257 

232 

86 

357 

451 

10, 003 

432 

956 

1,346 

1,311 


1,000 

cases 

2,624 

143 

278 

500 

680 

723 

9,287 

446 

840 

1,029 

1,159 


1,000 

cases 

1,668 

267 

205 

90 

563 

399 

6,549 

497 

986 

802 

910 


1,000 

cases 

2,222 

242 

336 

427 

617 

542 

9,248 

722 

1,030 

1,154 

1,403 


1,000 

cases 

1,683 

383 

337 

404 

767 

558 

9,399 

926 

1,469 

1,241 

1,363 


1,000 

cases 

3,164 

74 

208 

564 
1,560 

880 
10, 492 
1,333 

400 
1,662 
1,698 


1,000 

cases 

1,786 
298 
398 
711 

1,003 
434 

5, 057 
617 

1,243 
676 

1,063 


1,000 

cases 

1,021 

49 

131 

412 

1,149 

291 

3,346 

1,161 

689 

752 

1,366 


1,000 

cases 

1,279 

3 220 

140 

177 

671 

(*) 

5,163 

886 

987 

882 

2,488 


1,000 

cases 

1,124 

384 

156 

262 

184 

644 

6,743 

528 

1, 657 

'1.311 

2,749 


1,000 

cases 

1,964 

637 

432 

806 

959 

782 

7,333 

2,329 

2,496 

« 2, 220 

4,741 


1,000 

cases 

900 


New Jersey J 

Ohio 


151 
286 




610 




1,143 


Michigan 


623 




3,998 




1,305 


Maryland . 


1,351 


Utah__ 


s 1, 253 


Other States 


4,965 


United States 


19,315 


17,816 


17,709 


12, 936 


17,943 


18, 530 


22, 035 


13,286 


10, 367 


12,893 


15, 742 


24,699 


16, 585 



1 Stated in cases of 24 no. 2 cans. 

2 Includes Delaware. 

3 Figure for Delaware; New Jersey included in Other States. 

4 Included in Other States. 
• Includes Idaho. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from National Canners Association, 1924-26 and 1934-36; 
Bureau of the Census, 1927-29; Foodstuffs Division, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 1930-33. 



184 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 245. — Pecans: Production, December 1 price per pound received by farmers, 
and value. United States, 1919-36 





Production 


Dec. 1 price for— 


Farm value 


Year 


Improved 
varieties 


Seedling 
varieties 


Total 


Improved 
varieties 


Seedling 
varieties 


All va- 
rieties 


Improved 
varieties 


Seedling 
varieties 


Total 


1919 


1,000 lb. 

5,980 

2,266 

7,534 

3,421 

10,324 

7,025 

12, 041 

17, 045 

9,325 

17, 680 

8,840 

12, 810 

21, 007 

7,395 

15, 492 
11,532 

16, 445 
16, 823 


1,000 lb. 

61,490 

7,829 

39, 221 
7,724 

46,236 
29, 773 
38, 872 
76, 966 
25, 429 
49, 620 

40, 774 
38, 830 
56, 793 
46, 165 
45,718 
28, 843 
78, 895 
17, 937 


1,000 lb. 
67, 470 
10, 095 
46, 755 
11, 145 
56, 560 
36, 798 
50, 913 

94, Oil 
34. 754 
67, 300 
49, 614 
51, 640 
77,800 
53, 560 
61, 210 
40, 375 

95, 340 
34, 760 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 

i 19.5 

•25.8 

U7.6 

2 26.6 

19 3 

23.1 

22.1 

15.5 

20.8 

16.6 

15.0 

15.0 

7.9 

5.6 

7.8 

12.4 

6.2 

12 1 


1,000 dol. 


1,000 dol. 


1,000 dol. 
13, 168 


192-0 










2,600 


1921 










8,245 


1922 __ 

1923 

1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935.. 

1936 3 


2 44.5 
42.6 
43.9 
37.8 
32.5 
35.4 
29.6 
31.7 
27.8 
13.8 
13.5 
13.0 
15.4 
12.5 
14.6 


"18.7 

14.1 

18.2 

17.3 

11.8 

15.4 

11.9 

11.4 

10.8 

5.8 

4.3 

6.0 

11.2 

4.9 

9.7 


1,523 
4,402 
3,083 
4.548 
5,536 
3,300 
5, 233 
2,798 
3,560 
2,889 
1,000 
2,020 
1,779 
2,051 
2,448 


1,444 
6,506 
5,427 
6,721 
9,060 
3,918 
5,907 
4, 629 
4,211 
3,268 
1,998 
2,729 
3,234 
3,838 
1,743 


2,967 

10, 908 
8,510 

11, 269 
14, 596 

7,218 
11,140 
7,427 
7,771 
6,157 
2.998 
4,749 
5,013 
5,889 
4,191 



1 Season average price. 

2 Nov. 1 price. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 246. 



-Pecans: Production and Dec. 1 price per pound received by farmers, 
by States, average 1928-32, and annual 1935 and 





Production 


Dec. 1 price for— 




Improved 


Seedling 


Total 


Improved 


Seedling 


All 




varieties 


varieties 


varieties 


varieties 


varieties 


State 
















Aver- 






Aver- 






Aver- 




















age, 
1928- 


1935 


19361 


age, 
1928- 


1935 


19361 


age, 
1928- 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 


1935 


1936 




32 






32 






32 




















1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 
















lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


lb. 


ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Illinois _ 











161 


265 


50 


161 


265 


50 






5.4 


7 


5.4 


7,0 


Missouri 


17 


15 


3 


953 


1,235 


277 


970 


1,250 


280 


11.0 


15.0 


8.0 


8.0 


8.1 


7.9 


N. Carolina. 


491 


540 


790 


233 


360 


260 


724 


900 


1,050 


19.1 


19.2 


15.1 


14.5 


17.4 


18.1 


S. Carolina. 


638 


750 


1,120 


148 


125 


180 


786 


875 


1,300 


16.5 


16.7 


11.3 


11.3 


15.8 


15.9 


Georgia 


5,356 


6,250 


8,560 


584 


450 


640 


5,940 


6,700 


9,200 


10.7 


14.0 


5.8 


8.9 


10.4 


13.6 


Florida 


1,091 


1,050 


1,290 


334 


350 


360 


1,425 


1,400 


1,650 


12.0 


13.6 


6.7 


8.6 


10.6 


12.5 


Alabama 


2,240 


2,880 


2,520 


4i0 


320 


280 


2,650 


3,200 


2,800 


12.5 


13.3 


7.0 


8.3 


11.9 


12.8 


Mississippi . 


2,110 


2,620 


1,660 


2,297 


2,330 


1,420 


4,407 


4, 950 


3,080 


13.9 


15.0 


7.5 


8.8 


10.9 


12.1 


Arkansas .. 


93 


150 


80 


1,627 


2,250 


1,170 


1,720 


2,400 


1,250 


14.5 


18.0 


6.0 


9.5 


6.5 


10.0 


Louisiana... 


781 


440 


470 


4,359 


3,960 


3,430 


5,140 


4,400 


3,9C0 


13.8 


16.3 


7.3 


10.9 


8.0 


11.6 


Oklahoma.. 


97 


150 


10 


13, 263 


24, 850 


1,190 


13, 360 


25, 000 


1,200 


8.3 


17.8 


4.0 


8.8 


4.0 


8.9 


Texas 


632 


1,600 


320 


22,068 


42,400 


8,680 


22, 700 


44, 000 


9,000 


13.0 


18.4 
14.6 


4.7 


9.6 


5.0 


9.9 


U.S.... 


13, 546 


16, 445 


16, 823 


46, 436 


78, 895 


17, 937 


59, 983 


95, 340 


34, 760 


12.5 


4.9 


9.7 


6.2 


12.1 



1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



185 



Table 247. — Peppers, commercial crop for market: Acreage, production, and 
season average price per bushel received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 
1985 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall: 

Florida 


Acres 

1,340 

670 


Acres 

2,700 

900 


Acres 
1,400 
1,000 


1,000 
bushels • 
317 
89 


1,000 
bushels i 
256 
99 


1,000 
bushels > 
210 
140 


Dollars 
1.92 
.95 


Dollars 
.75 
.45 


Dollars 
1.95 


Texas 


1.13 






Total 


2,010 


3,600 


2,400 


406 


355 


350 


1.67 


.67 


1.62 






Early: 

Florida 


5,390 


5,000 


5,100 


1,380 


S94 


1,257 


1.35 


1.21 


.69 






Winter 


2 3, 320 
2 2, 500 


1,000 
4,000 


600 
4,500 


2 834 
2 545 


254 
640 


132 
1,125 


2 1.44 
»1.22 


1.50 
1.10 


1.60 


Spring 


.58 






Second early: 

Georgia 


*410 

1,310 

230 

2 110 


400 

1,100 

150 

100 


50 
950 
200 

100 


2 49 

217 

18 

»28 


80 

279 

21 

20 


15 

142 

14 

20 


3.88 
.81 
.71 

2 .90 


.67 
.49 
.55 
.80 


.60 


Louisiana 


.48 


Mississippi 


.65 


South Carolina.. 


.60 






Total... 


1,950 


1,750 


1,300 


297 


400 


191 


.83 


.55 


.51 






Intermediate: 

New Jersey 


5,700 
650 


6,200 
1,000 


6,700 
1,000 


1,378 
125 


1,457 
180 


1,541 
200 


.50 
.75 


.37 

.60 


.45 


North Carolina 


.55 






Total 


6,350 


7,200 


7,700 


1,503 


1,637 


1,741 


.51 


.40 


.46 






Late: 

California 


850 


1,500 


2,100 


243 


288 


494 


.82 


.70 


.75 






Grand total 


16, 550 


19, 050 


18, 600 


3,829 


3,574 


4,033 


.93 


.67 


.67 







1 Bushels containing approximately 25 pounds. 

2 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 

Table 248. — Peppers: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1927- 



State 


Crop-movement season l 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 » 


California 


Cars 

35 

1,370 

73 

375 

4 

11 

811 

39 

25 

8 

49 

18 

7 


Cars 

45 

2,121 

101 

355 

-..„. 

748 
107 
31 
10 
13 
13 
13 


Cars 

147 

1,879 

138 

363 

12 

12 

502 

126 

12 

20 

54 
20 


Cars 

268 

1,670 

62 

181 

10 

5 

350 

183 

4 

34 
17 


Cars 

111 

2,162 

16 

282 

1 

2 

173 

61 

3 

9 

6 


Cars 
116 

2,008 
12 
57 


Cars 
86 

2,383 

56 

324 


Cars 
111 

1,612 
33 
195 


Cars 
115 

1,437 
90 
348 


Cars 
149 


Florida 


1,978 


Georgia 


75 


Louisiana 


160 






Mississippi 


3 
144 

24 
16 
6 
7 
1 


6 
67 
45 

3 
18 
66 


15 
55 
32 
2 
7 
39 


19 
31 
45 
-- 
78 


13 


New Jersey 


15 


North Carolina 


24 


Ohio 


1 


South Carolina 


5 


Texas 


64 


Virginia 


3 




5 


1 








2 














Total 


2,825 


3,509 


3,286 


2,789 


2,827 


2,394 


3,054 


2,101 


2,167 


2,489 







1 Crop-movement season is for the calendar year, except Florida which begins in October of the pre- 
ceding year and Texas and Louisiana which extend into January of the succeeding year. 
* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck 
not included. 



186 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 193: 



Table 249. — Plums and prunes: Census enumeration of trees not of bearing age and 
trees of bearing age, 1920, 1925, 19S0, and 1935 





1920 


1925 


1930 


1935 


State and division 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Total trees, 

regardless 

of age 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Trees not 

of bearing 

age 


Trees of 

bearing 

age 


Maine 


9,395 
6,454 
10, 756 
16, 553 
1,347 
9,065 


37, 539 
18, 335 
19,647 
32, 764 
1,964 
15, 749 


33, 276 
17, 337 
20,664 
50, 719 
4,110 
26, 943 


4,253 
3,218 
5.786 
7,485 
753 
5,464 


14, 302 
7,384 
17,633 
18, 021 
1,073 
8,178 


2,830 

2,399 
3,813 
4,753 
567 
5,947 


11,385 
10, 978 
12, 173 

16, 736 

1,908 

11, 250 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 






New England. 


53, 570 


125, 988 


153, 049 


26, 959 


66, 591 


20, 309 


64.430 


New York.. 


205. 702 

11. 772 

233. 384 


745, 889 
30,128 
767, 646 


974, 982 
41, 343 
894, 629 


81, 163 

5,258 

114, 141 


454, 576 

15, 158 

451, 835 


64,195 
2,453 
77, 112 


439 890 


New Jersey 


9,719 


Pennsylvania 


388,244 


Middle Atlantic 


450, 858 


1, 543. 663 


1, 910, 945 


200, 562 


921, 569 


143, 760 


837,853 


Ohio 


129, 713 
53, 178 
79, 615 

142, 657 
61, 826 


459, 265 
214, 202 
373, 554 
377, 123 
117, 844 


587, 835 
276, 411 
395, 266 
564, 911 
250, 226 


96, 664 
37, 150 
45, 253 
83, 383 
54,028 


• 323, 731 
117, 713 
160, 494 
312, 899 
126, 538 


94, 407 
34, 153 

45, 971 
77. 812 

46. 919 


405, 134 


Indiana 


155, 405 
240, 349 
318, 408 


Illinois- 


Michigan 


"Wisconsin.. 


207, 246 






E. N. Central 


466, 989 


1, 441. 988 


2, 074, 649 


316. 478 


1, 041, 375 


299, 262 


1, 326, 542 


Minnesota 


102, 929 
95, 356 

144, 651 
19, 852 
59, 793 
62, 786 
68,440 


193, 668 
313, 769 
528, 649 

41, 254 
117, 677 

86, 183 
143, 473 


320, 380 
481, 494 
614, 384 
68,746 
176, 093 
180, 055 
23G, 231 


66, 273 
77 252 
74.440 
24, 316 
29,316 
54, 316 
62,389 


224, 974 
290, 613 
317. 598 
47, 423 
100, 185 
118, 133 
139, 590 


45, 377 
69, 150 
62, 966 
8,091 
6,404 
26, 426 
24, 144 


267, 766 


Iowa 


343, 127 


Missouri 


320, 172 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


39, 864 
47, 344 
104, 357 


Kansas 


88, 636 






W.N. Central 


553, 807 


1, 424, 673 


2, 077, 383 


388, 302 


1, 238, 516 


242, 558 


1. 211, 266 


Delaware 


1,595 

11, 479 
100 

35, 189 
58,547 
35, 820 
15, 488 
38, 198 

12, 985 


5,100 
41, 435 
128 
118, 938 
180, 758 
110, 577 
49,736 
135, 453 
32, 315 


5,320 
50, 867 
285 
173, 768 
208, 004 
156, 212 
50, 848 
220, 246 
81, 855 


581 
5,961 
2 
21. 730 
36.688 
26, 121 
10, 262 
28,285 
21, 593 


2,591 
22, 165 
42 
86, 557 
126, 696 
101, 721 
33. 699 
99, 059 
48,549 


211 

3,3S0 

2 

14, 405 
33, 267 
20, 170 

6,073 

15. 35S 
8.351 


1,180 


Maryland 


13,431 


District of Columbia- 


45 
73. 070 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida. 


115, 834 
90, 594 
27, 451 
60, 003 
27, 719 


South Atlantic 


209, 401 


674, 440 


947, 405 


151, 223 


521, 079 


101, 217 


409, 327 


Kentucky 


57. 470 
47, 930 
23,654 
23,733 


282. 831 

281, 127 

96, 922 

74, 790 


253, 323 
268, 308 
99, 308 
91. 136 


45, 258 
37, 774 
25, 090 
24, 949 


165, 626 

136,911 

75. 994 

54,033 


34, 152 
30. 611 
21, 831 
14. 022 


130. 138 


Tennessee 


120, 461 


Alabama 


67, 269 


Mississippi 


42, 834 






E. S. Central 


152, 787 


735, 670 


712, 075 


133, 071 


432, 564 


100, 616 


360, 702 


Arkansas 


70, 264 
36, 108 
104, 410 
242,800 


292, 323 
87, 471 
206, 102 
480, 810 


307, 112 

92, 175 

253, 598 

629, 549 


50, 927 

34, 376 

72, 680 

334, 339 


192, 787 
64.581 
221, 021 
670, 678 


29, 411 
26, 520 
50, 2G8 
214,023 


133, 175 


Louisiana 


66, 077 


Oklahoma 


140, 222 


Texas 


647, 736 






W. S. Central 


453, 582 


1, 066, 706 


1, 282, 434 


492, 322 


1, 149, 067 


320, 222 


987, 210 


Montana 


4,598 

80,485 

9,091 

28,055 

18,042 

6,795 

7 508 

1,719 


24, 501 
552, 595 

6,827 
80,027 
43, 766 
15, 713 
66, 914 

5,543 


18, 813 
719, 008 
11, 748 
73,223 
56, 431 
37, 703 
63, 948 
6,670 


6,479 
40.118 

2,338 
17, 923 
12,882 
27, 631 
14, 312 
824 


17, 536 
516, 925 

6,353 
60, 148 
36, 357 
28,076 
46, 257 

4,440 


4,706 
61, 274 

4,531 

9.885 
12, 192 

4.227 

14, 766 

538 


19, 251 


Idaho 


393, 745 


Wyoming 


12. 302 


Colorado 


44,351 


New Mexico 


38, 712 


Arizona 


27, 546 


Utah.... 


39, 688 


Nevada 


3,711 






Mountain 


156, 293 


795, 886 


987, 544 


122, 507 


716, 092 


112, 119 


5V9, 306 


Washington 


309.230 
1, 331, 606 
5, 237, 145 


875, 363 
2, 999, 480 
8, 768, 436 


1,491,228 
5, 677, 689 
20, 316, 429 


98. 570 

329. 026 

2, 255, 389 


1, 351, 068 
5, 292, 900 
16, 668, 590 


48, 490 

115, 248 

1. 593, 979 


1, 166. 439 


Oregon 


4, 719, 963 


California 


15, 615, 506 






Pacific 


6, 877, 981 


12, 643, 279 


27. 485, 346 


2, 682, 985 


23, 312, 558 


1, 757, 717 


21, 501, 908 


United States 


9, 375, 268 


1 20,452,293 


37, 630, 839 


4, 514, 409 


29, 399, 411 


3, 097, 7S0 


27, 278, 544 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



187 



Table 250. — Plums and prunes: Production, season average price per ton received 
by farmers, and value, United States, 1924-86 





Production 


Price 


Farm value 


Year 


Plums and 

prunes, fresh 

(5 States) 


Prunes, 
dried (3 
States) 


Plums and 

prunes, fresh 

(5 States) 


Prunes, 
dried (3 
States) 


Plums and 

prunes, fresh 

(5 States) 


Prunes, 
dried (3 
States) 


1924. 


Short tons 

71, 224 

87, 796 

127, 632 

109, 780 

139, 192 

121, 646 

155, 603 

i 124, 382 

i 158, 640 

i 111,115 

137, 080 

124, 540 

133, 600 


Short tons 
164, 300 
157, 900 
190, 250 
244,500 
226, 200 
160, 500 

i 303, 250 
244, 757 

J 195, 000 

198, 850 

199, 750 
297, 600 
177, 200 


Dollars 
39.05 
37.04 
24.70 
35.50 
32.47 
46.01 
29.36 
22.47 
11.50 
21.46 
25.04 
30.90 
28. 59 


Dollars 

111.54 
111.89 
98.94 
71.66 
101. 56 
149. 63 
56.13 
60.14 
54.61 
79.19 
80.65 
57.70 
77.99 


1,000 dollars 
2,781 
3, 252 
3,153 
3,897 
4,519 
5,597 
4,569 
2,637 
1,709 
2,234 
3,432 
3,848 
3,820 


1,000 dollars 
18, 326 


1925 


17, 667 
18, 824 


1926 


1927 


17, 522 


1928 


22, 974 


1929 


24, 015 


1930.. 


15, 842 


1931 


14, 719 


1932 


10, 430 


1933 


15, 747 
16, 110 


1934 


1935 


17, 172 


1936 * 


13, 819 







i Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: Plums and prunes, 
fresh, 7,000 tons in 1931; 10,000 in 1932, and 7,000 in 1933; prunes, dried, 21,000 tons in 1930 and 4,000 in 1932. 
Prices and value are computed on the harvested crop. 

J Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 251. — Plums and prunes: Production and season average price per ton 
received by farmers, by States, average 1928-82, and annual 1984-86 





Production 


Price for crop of— 


Crop and State 


Average, 
1928-32 


1934 


1935 


19361 


Average, 
1928-32 


1934 


1935 


19361 


Fresh basis: 

Plums and prunes, fresh: 
California 


Short 

tons 

» 64, 200 

22^ 840 
18, 895 
27, 260 


Short 
tons 
62,000 
6,830 
11, 500 
17, 650 
39, 100 


Short 
tons 
4S, 000 
7,640 
19, 900 
18, 500 
30, 500 


Short 
tons 
64,000 
5,600 
12, 200 
16, 800 
35, 000 


Dollars 
40.63 
33.60 
20.50 
20.00 
19.20 


Dollars 
32.60 
35. 00 
18.00 
17.00 
17.00 


Dollars 
37.20 
30.00 
25.00 
26.00 
28.00 


Dollars 
29.80 


Michigan 3 


37.50 


Idaho .. 


32.00 




24.00 


Oregon 


26.00 






Total 


J 139, 893 


137, 080 


124, 540 


133, 600 


28.36 


25.04 


30.90 


28.59 






Dry basis: 

Prunes, dried: * 

California. 


J 196, 660 

J 25, 500 

3,781 


171, 000 

24,200 

4,550 


258, 000 

33, 500 

6,100 


153, 000 

23, 000 

1,200 


84.60 
99.40 
99.00 


80.00 
85.00 
82.00 


58.00 
55.00 
60.00 


80.00 


Oregon 


65.00 


Washington ... 


70.00 






Total 


* 225, 941 


199, 750 


297, 600 


177, 200 


84.41 


80.65 


57.70 


77.99 







i Preliminary. 

' Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions as follows: Plums, California— 
7,000 tons in 1931 and 10,000 tons in 1932; prunes, dried, California— 13,000 tons in 1930 and 4,000 tons in 1932; 
Oregon— 8,000 tons in 1930. 

» Plums. 

• To convert California estimates to fresh-fruit basis, multiply by 2}4. In other States the ratio ranges 
from 3 to 4 fresh to 1 dried. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



1S8 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 252. — Plums and fresh prunes: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1927-36 



State 


Crop-movement season ' 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 


Arizona _. 


Cars 

1 

2,779 

21 

1,591 

54 

12 

978 

3 

542 

7 


Cars 

"3," 269" 

15 

1,603 

.69 

240 

1,168 

4 

925 

2 


Cars 
8 

1,801 
15 

1,912 
37 
60 

1,161 
6 

1,046 


Cars 

9 

4,969 

8 

1,602 

76 

165 

1,003 

6 

866 

12 


Cars 

6 

3.392 

7 

1,403 

19 

196 

748 

5 

338 

13 


Cars 

4 

3,102 

Y,IW 

27 
279 
703 

9 
538 

2 


Cars 

3 

2,507 

4 

339 

10 

128 

1,013 


Cars 

'3762V 

4 

770 

11 

14 

1,102 


Cars 

14 

2,132 


Cars 
13 


California 


2,791 


Georgia 


Idaho 


1,458 
5 

57 
443 


852 


Michigan 


2 


New York 


1 


Oregon 


764 


Utah 


9 




726 


809 
1 


596 


736 


Other States - 










Total 


5,988 


7,295 


6,046 


8,716 


6,127 


6,241 


4,730 


5,737 


4,705 


5,168 







' Crop-movement season extends from May through November of a given year. 
i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau from 
officials and agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to a carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



Table 253.- 



-Potatoes: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 
1866-1936 





Acreage 
har- 
vested 


Average 

yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers 1 


Farm 
value 


Whole- 
sale 
price per 
bushel 
at New 
York 2 


Foreign trade, year begin- 
ning July 


Year 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 3 


Im- 
ports 3 


Net bal- 
ance 4 


1866 


1,000 
acres 
1,225 
1,289 
1,400 


Bushels 
91.1 
77.3 
85.9 


1,000 
bushels 
111,615 

99, 663 
120, 292 
US, 337 
144, 599 
107, 875 
134, 722 
133, 574 
129, 497 

131. 114 
179, 811 
122, 611 
173, 701 
143, 363 
169, 459 
169, 439 
165, 158 
127, 573 
197, 317 
227, 088 
207, 981 
197, 144 
195, 075 
159, 615 
239, 642 
217,5^6 
217, 933 
170, 108 
263, 617 
190, 200 
204, 224 
197, 690 

302. 115 
262, 735 
198, 174 
240, 348 
273,818 
272, 568 
259, 688 
207, 412 


Cents 
66.4 
90.4 
78.8 


1,000 
dollars 
74, 080 
90, 097 
94, 808 


Cents 
85 
135 

84 


1,000 
bushels 
512 
379 

508 


1,000 

bushels 

198 

210 

138 


1,000 
bushels 
+314 


1867 


+178 


1868 


+373 


1869 




1869 


1,479 

1,443 

1,496 

1,559 

1,543 

1,654 

1,789 

1,783 

1,878 

1,879 

(») 

1,961 

1,968 

2,036 

2,216 

2,373 

2,307 

2,335 

2,393 

2,466 

2,604 

2,601 

2,603 

2,557 

2,633 

2,519 

2,614 

2,869 

3,090 

2,968 

2,809 

2,877 

2,939 

2,939 

2,997 

2,950 


97.8 
74.8 
90.1 
85.7 
83.9 
79.3 
100.5 
68.8 
92.5 
76.3 


50.9 
70.8 
57.8 
59.8 
69.6 
67.2 
38.3 
65.9 
44.6 
58.5 


73, 574 

76, 330 
77, 867 
79, 817 
90, 090 
88, 134 
68, 900 
80, 850 

77, 384 
83, 867 


67 
106 
66 
86 
91 
70 
39 
113 
53 
84 


597 
553 
622 
515 
497 
610 
704 
530 
744 
625 


75 

459 

96 

347 

549 

189 

92 

3,206 

529 

2,624 


+532 


1870 


+121 


1871 


+539 


1872 


+180 


1873 


-46 


1874 


+426 


1875 


+614 


1876 


-2, 622 


1877 


+215 


1878 


-1,999 


1879 




1879. 


86.4 
83.9 
62.7 
89.0 
95.7 
90.2 
84.4 
81.5 
64.7 
92.0 
83.6 
83.7 
66.5 
100.1 
75.5 
78.1 
68.9 
97.8 
88.5 
70.5 
83.5 
93.0 
92.7 
86.6 
70.3 


43.2 
48.2 
91.3 
54.5 
41.3 
38.2 
44.0 
45.5 
69.2 
39.1 


73, 250 
79, 526 
116,415 
107, 530 
93, 835 
79, 417 
86, 697 
88, 830 
140, 468 
93, 679 


45 
65 
108 
77 
41 
48 
55 
59 
72 
38 


696 
639 
408 
439 
555 
381 
495 
435 
404 
472 


722 
2,170 
8,790 
2,362 

425 

659 
1,937 
1,432 
8,260 

883 


-12 


1880 


-1,529 


1881 


-8, 379 


1882 


-1,919 


1883 


+130 


1884 


-278 


1885 


-1,439 


1886 


-995 


1887 


-7, 855 


1888 


-411 


1889 




1889 


35.9 
69.6 
36.1 
65.7 
59.0 
53.5 
26.6 
29.0 
55.3 
42.2 


78,344 
128, 461 

95, 295 
124, 890 
120, 499 
105, 698 

80, 276 

76, 063 
109, 566 
101, 398 


57 
101 
41 
73 
63 
58 
24 
36 
72 
52 


407 
341 

557 
846 
803 
573 
680 
927 
605 
580 


3,416 
5,402 

187 
4,317 
3,003 
1,342 

175 

246 
1,171 

530 


-3, 009 


1890 


-5, 061 


1891 


+370 


1892 


-3,471 


1893 


-2, 199 


1894 


-765 


1895 


+505 


1896 


+682 


1897 


-566 


1898... 


+50 


1899 




1899 -. 


40.1 
43.0 
76.7 


109, 217 
111,638 
159, 046 


50 
53 
79 


809 
741 
528 


156 

372 

7,656 


+653 


1900 


+369 


1901 


-7,127 



See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



189 



Table 253. — Potatoes: Acreage, production, value, and foreign trade, United States, 

1866-1936 — Continued 



Year 



1902- 
1903.. 
1904- 
1905.. 
1906.. 
1907.. 
1908.. 
1909.. 
1909.. 
1910.. 
1911.. 
1912.. 
1913.. 
1914.. 
1915.. 
1916- 
1917- 
1918.. 
1919.. 
1919.. 
1920.. 
1921.. 
1922.. 
1923.. 
1924- 
1924.. 
1925.. 
1926.. 
1927.. 
1928- 
1929.. 
1929.. 
1930- 
1931- 
1932.. 
1933- 
1984.. 
1934.. 
1935- 
1936 7 



Acreage 

har- 
vested 



1,000 
acres 
3,077 
3,079 
3,208 
3,263 
3,254 
3,333 
3,417 
8, 669 
3,675 
3.644 
3,532 
3,505 
3,477 
3,417 
3,433 
3,274 
3,801 
3,597 
8, 262 
3,300 
3,301 
3,598 
3,946 
3,378 
2,911 
3,106 
2,810 
2,811 



1S2 



2,944 
3,019 
3,103 
3,467 
3,549 
3,412 
8,582 
3,597 
3,541 
3,058 



Average 

yield 
per acre 



Bushels 

96.4 

89.7 

108.9 

92.2 

104.9 

99.9 

89.3 

106.1 

106.2 

93.9 

85.7 

115.9 

95.6 

107.8 

98.1 

82.6 

104.9 

96.2 

89.8 

90.1 

111.8 

90.4 

106.3 

108.5 

121.1 

123.7 

105.5 

114.4 

116.2 

122. 1 

109.5 

110.0 

109.8 

110.8 

106.1 

100.3 

112.6 

112.9 

109.1 

107.9 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
bushels 

296, 568 
276, 284 
349, 492 
300, 701 

341, 460 
333, 125 
305, 247 
889, 195 
390, 166 

342, 052 
302, 713 
406, 215 
332, 447 
368, 249 
336, 760 
270, 388 
398, 653 
346, 114 
290, 428 

297, 341 

368, 904 
325, 312 
419,288 
366. 356 
852, 462 
384, 166 
296, 466 
321, 607 

369, 644 
427, 249 
322, 416 
332, 204 
340, 572 
384, 125 
376, 425 
342, 306 
403, 420 
406, 105 
386, 380 
329, 997 



Season 
average 
price per 
bushel 
received 
by farm- 
ers i 



Cents 
47.4 
61.2 
45.3 
61.2 
50.7 
60.8 
75.3 



57.6 
58.4 
94.6 
56.6 
67.8 
56.2 
67.4 
149.7 
127.9 
118.8 



190.9 
132.8 
112.8 
68.2 
91.4 



71.2 
165.8 
136.1 
108.5 

57.1 



131.8 
91.9 
46.3 
39.2 
82.1 



44.8 
59.7 
111.3 



Farm 
value 



1,000 
dollars 
140, 703 
169, 204 
158, 473 
183, 926 
173, 187 
202, 445 
229,887 



224, 667 
199, 648 
286, 281 
229, 890 

225, 386 
207, 030 
227, 076 
404, 848 
509,728 
411, 235 



567, 742 
489, 783 
366, 978 
285, 897 
334, 821 



273, 443 
491, 482 
437, 851 
400, 996 
244,048 



438, 006 
313, 072 
177, 912 
147, 496 
281, 178 



181, 857 
230, 574 
367, 406 



Whole- 
sale 
price per 
bushel 
at New 
York 2 



Cents 
65 
89 
43 
73 
57 
75 
83 



49 
54 
106 
62 
78 
47 
103 
238 
129 
127 



284 
99 

118 
91 

109 



79 
249 
170 
140 

87 



ISO 
US 
65 
64 
US 



58 
106 



Foreign trade, year begin- 
ning July 



Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 3 



1,000 

bushels 

843 

484 

1,163 

1,000 

1,530 

1,204 

764 



2,384 
1,237 
2,028 
1,794 
3,135 
4,018 
2,489 
3,453 
3,689 



3,723 
4,803 
2,327 
2,980 
3,075 



3,653 
1,824 
2,092 
2,424 
3,165 



2,386 

1,548 

816 

973 

721 



1,218 
1,790 



Im- 
ports 



Net bal- 



1,000 

bushels 

359 

3,167 

181 

1,948 

177 

404 

8,384 



353 

219 

13, 735 

337 

3,646 

271 

210 

3,079 

1,180 

3,534 



6,941 

3,423 

2,110 

572 

564 



478 
5,420 
6,349 
3,803 
2,698 



6,006 

5,729 

1,493 

440 

« 2, 102 



532 
864 



1,000 
bushels 

+484 
-2, 676 

+982 

-884 
+1, 353 

+802 
-7, 554 



+646 
+2. 177 
-12,283 
+1, 693 
-1,823 
+2, 866 
+3, 810 

-558 
+2, 273 

+205 



-3,212 
+1, 399 
+222 
+2, 408 
+2, 512 



+3, 187 
-3, 575 
-4, 205 
-1,313 
+528 



-3, 521 
-4, 155 
-585 
+534 
-1,381 



+686 
+926 



i Prior to 1908 prices are as of Dec. 1. 

» Compiled from Producers Price Current. Prices 1866-1919 are averages of the high and low weekly 
quotations of New York potatoes, October-June, converted from dollars per 180 pounds to cents per bushel; 
beginning 1920 prices reported to the Bureau and weighted by unloads, season September-May. 

3 Compiled from Commerce and Navigation of the United States, 1866-1917; Foreign Commerce and 
Navigation of the United States, 1918; Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, 
June issues, 1919-26, January and June issues, 1927-36, and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and 
Domestic Commerce. 

1 The difference between total exports (domestic exports plus reexports) and total imports; beginning 
1933 domestic exports minus imports for consumption. + indicates net exports and — indicates net 
imports. 

4 Census acreage incomplete. 

8 Beginning 1933-34 imports for consumption. 
7 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



190 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 254.- — Potatoes: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1986 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State and group 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 J 


1935 


19361 


Surplus late potato States:.. 


1,000 
acres 
175 
230 
214 


1,000 
acres 
160- 
253 
224 


1,000 
acres 
160 
220 
199 


Bu. 
258 
118 
112 


Bu. 
240 

110 
114 


Bu. 

275 
120 
132 


1,000 

bu. 

44. 078 

27.942 


1.000 

bu. 

38. 400 

27. 830 


1,000 
bu. 
44.000 
26, 400 
26, 268 


Ct. 
66 
69 
70 


a. 

85 


New York 


110 


Pennsylvania 


24,653j 25,536 


115 






Total 


620 


637 


579 


151.3 


144.1 


167.0 


96.673 91.766 


96. 668 


68.0 


100.0 


Michigan 


257 
261 
353 
126 
57 


323 
287 
350 
126 
50 


275 
245 
266 
94 
27 


99 
100 
93 
76 
77 


87 
82 
84 
98 
68 


95 
82 
47 
55 
29 


23, 371 
24,311 
29,620 
8,807 
3,971 


28, 101 
23.534 
29. 400 
12, 348 

3,400 


26, 125 
20,090 
12,502 
5,170 
783 


55 
51 
42 
38 
49 


105 




110 




120 


North Dakota 


105 


South Dakota 


145 


Total 


1. 055 


1.136 


907 


93.3 


85.2 


71.3 


90. 081 


96, 783 


64, 670 


47.7 


109.9 


Nebraska 


117 

21 
104 

26 
104 

13 
3.6 

51 

40 

41 


126 

19 

104 

29 
100 
13.6 
2.6 
48 
42 
48 


86 

16 
106 

21 
100 

12.2 
2.9 

45 

43 

49 


82 
101 
200 
102 
149 
153 
142 
162 
117 
185 


80 
85 
215 
90 
180 
150 
160 
165 
135 
245 


55 
95 
210 
65 
185 
150 
140 
178 
170 
265 


9, 526 
2,042 

21,723 
2,422 

14, 584 
2,082 
491 
8,047 
5,084 
7,718 


10, 080 
1,615 

22, 360 
2,610 

18, 000 
2,040 
416 
7,920 
5,670 

11, 760 


4,730 
1,520 

22,260 
1,365 

18, 500 

1,830 

406 

8,010 

7,310 

12, 985 


56 
79 
48 
62 
53 
51 
72 
76 
79 
58 


125 




130 


Idaho 


90 


Wyoming 


125 


Colorado .. 


105 


Utah 


90 




125 


Washington 


110 


Oreeon 


115 


California 


120 


Total 


521.6 


532. 2 


481.1 


141.9 


155.0 


164.0 


73. 719 


82. 471 


78.916 


57. 6 1 106. 5 


Total surplus late 


2, 196. 4 


2, 305. 2 


1, 967. 1 


121.3 


117.6 


122.1 


260, 473 


271, 020 


240, 254 


57.6 


104.8 


Other late potato States: 

New Hampshire 

Vermont ._ 


9.1 
16.1 
12.8 

2.5 

13.5 


10 

18.5 

18.7 

4.1 
18.6 


9.8 

16.5 
16.1 
4 
16.7 


140 
132 
123 
139 

132 


115 
115 
104 
175 
132 


170 
145 
150 
180 
170 


1,350 

2,206 

1,598 

376 

1.978 


1,150 

2,128 

1,945 

718 

2.455 


1,666 
2,392 
2, 415 
720 
2,839 


91 
95 
79 
82 
84 


120 
115 


Massachusetts. 


110 




120 




125 






Total 


53.9 


69.9 


63. 1 


131.5 


120.1 


159.0 


7.509 


8.396 


10,032 


86.4 


117.8 


West Virginia 


38 
119 
57 
50 
75 


37 
155 
81 
50 
96 


32 
130 

57 
43 
67 


94 
96 
90 
87 
90 


85 
108 
80 
82 
75 


60 
108 
81 
62 
53 


3,445 
11,435 

5,198 
4,511 

7,047 


3,145 
16. 740 
6,480 
4,100 
7,200 


1,920 
14, 040 
4,617 
2,666 
3,551 


70 
61 
70 
72 

66 


130 


Ohio 


125 


Indiana 


125 


Illinois 


145 


Iowa 


140 


Total 


339 


419 


329 


92.2 


89.9 


81.4 


31.636 


37. 665 


26. 794 


65.5 


129.3 


New Mexico 


5 
3 


6 
2 


5 
2 


68 
72 


70 
70 


90 
90 


346 
222 


420 
140 


450 
180 


78 
86 


120 


Arizona 


90 


Total... 


8 


8 


7 


69.4 


70.0 


90.0 


568 


560 


630 


80.0 


111.4 


Total other late 


400.9 


496.9 


399.1 


97.4 


93.8 


93.9 


39. 713 


46, 621 


37. 456 


69.4 


125.9 


30 late States 


2, 597. 3 


2. 802. 1 


2, 366. 2 


117.4 


113.4 


117.4 


300, 186 


317, 641 


277, 710 


59.3 


107.6 


Intermediate potato States: 
New Jersey 


41 
5 
32 
109 
50 
57 
45 


52 
6 
33 
90 
52 
58 
31 


55 
5 
28 
82 
47 
55 
30 


144 
85 
102 
126 
84 
89 
99 


166 
94 
95 

126 
85 
78 
75 


166 
95 

105 
90 
36 
52 
57 


6,603 
406 
3,339 
14,328 
4,207 
5,451 
4.878 


8,632 
■ 564 
3,135 
11,340 
4,420 
4,524 
2.325 


9,130 
475 
2,940 
7,380 
1,692 
2,860 
1,710 


43 
66 
53 

48 
72 
67 

57 


105 




105 


Maryland 


110 


Virginia.. . 


140 


Kentucky 


145 


Missouri 


135 


Kansas 


125 






Total. 


340 


322 


302 


110.0 


108.5 


86.7 


39, 212 


34. 940 


26, 187 


53.6 


122.6 






37 late and interme- 
diate States 


2. 936. 9 


3, 124. 1 


2, 668. 2 


116.5 


112.9 


113.9 


339, 398 


352, 581 


303, 897 


58.7 


108.9 


Early potato States: 

North Carolina 


74 
22 
14 
28 
42 
30 
11 
37 
38 
42 
52 


85 
18 
18 
27 
45 
33 
16 
48 
39 
39 
49 


82 
18 
16 
27 
40 
32 
16 
43 
39 
33 
44 


98 
122 

64 
105 

72 
76 
72 
75 
60 
75 
68 


107 
105 
70 
97 
71 
85 
71 
81 
65 
70 
54 


73 
92 
48 
87 
37 
87 
68 
55 
68 
64 
65 


7,540 
2,748 

939 
2.956 
3,040 
2.359 

834 
3,010 
2,355 
3,245 
3.692 


9,095 
1,890 
1,260 
2,619 
3,195 
2,805 
1,136 
3,888 
2,535 
2,730 
2,646 


5,986 
1,656 
768 
2,349 
1,480 
2,784 
1,088 
2,365 
2,652 
2,112 
2,860 


62 
65 
76 
103 
63 
67 
81 
64 
69 
60 
84 


165 


South Carolina 


160 




130 


Florida 


145 


Tennessee.. . 


145 


Alabama. ... 


125 




130 


Arkansas 


130 


Louisiana 


115 


Oklahoma 


135 


Texas 


120 


Total... 


390 


417 


390 


81.8 


81.1 


66.9 


32. 717 


33. 799 


26,100 


69.3 


139.4 


United Slates 


3. 327. 3 


3. 541. 1 


3. 058. 2 


112.7 


109.1 


107.9 


372.115 


386, 380 


329,997 


59.7 


111.3 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



191 



Table 255. — Potatoes, early commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season 
average price per bushel received by farmers; average, 1928-82, annual, 1935 and 
1986 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop 


of- 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Fall: 


Acres 
2,400 

26, 500 


Acres 
3,800 

24, 800 


Acres 
1,700 

24, 500 


1,000 
bushels • 
120 

2,808 


1,000 
bushels ! 
110 

2,406 


1,000 
bushels i 
85 

2,235 


Dollars 
1.21 

1.50 


Dollars 
0.86 

1.04 


Dollars 
1.15 


Early (sec. 1): 

Florida 


1.43 






South --- -- 


4,900 
21, 600 


6,800 
18, 000 


7,700 
16, 800 


356 
2,452 


884 
1,522 


824 
1,411 


1.98 
1.43 


1.30 
.89 


1.30 


North -- - - 


1.50 






Hastings - 


18, 700 

2,300 

600 


15, 600 

1,800 

600 


14, 800 

1,400 

600 


2,117 

264 

71 


1,326 
137 
59 


1,214 
154 
43 


1.46 
1.29 

1.06 


.95 

.48 
.48 


1.50 


LaCrosse 

West 


1.50 
1.50 


Texas, lower valley 


11,900 


5,500 


5,200 


1,025 


264 


572 


1.54 


1.70 


1.55 


Total 


38, 400 


30, 300 


29, 700 


3,833 


2,670 


2,807 


1.50 


1.11 


1.45 






Early (sec. 2): 


12, 300 
14, 400 

1,900 
21, 400 

1,200 
16,300 
14, 900 


10, 500 

17, 000 
800 

20, 000 
1,500 
8,800 

11,700 


13, 000 
17,000 

1,000 
23, 000 

2,100 
10, 000 

9,800 


1,249 
2,226 

264 
1,525 

109 
2,309 
1,136 


1,386 

4,675 

88 

1,600 

146 
1,232 

538 


1,911 
5,695 

140 
1,955 

252 
1,400 

602 


.97 
.91 
1.00 
1.01 
1.05 
.90 
.92 


.57 
.45 
.73 
.70 
.52 
.60 


1.30 




1.35 




1.75 




1.25 




1.50 




1.70 




1.20 






Eagle Lake, Sugar- 
land Wharton 

Other counties 


11, 100 
3,800 


6,500 
5,200 


4,600 
5,200 


827 
309 


299 
239 


290 
312 


.97 
.83 


.77 
.77 


1.20 
1.20 


Total 


82, 400 


70, 300 


75, 900 


8,818 


9,665 


11,955 


.93 


.55 


1.37 


Second early: 


4,700 
32, 000 
11,500 

1,800 


5,000 

32, 000 

8,800 

3,000 


5,000 

31,000 

7,500 

2,500 


426 
4,529 
1,143 

145 


420 

4,960 

704 

291 


425 

3,100 

600 

100 


.72 
.80 
.68 
.83 


.50 
.58 
.45 
.57 


1.25 


North Carolina.. - 


1.75 




1.05 




1.55 






Total 


50, 000 


48, 800 


46, 000 


6,243 


6,375 


4,225 


.77 


.56 


1.60 






Intermediate (sec. 1): 


16,500 


9,300 


10, 900 


2,585 


954 


1,271 


.56 


.33 


1.25 






Kaw Valley 

Scott County 


15, 500 
1,000 


8,750 
550 


10, 500 
400 


2,395 
190 


866 
88 


1,228 
43 


.54 
. 72 


.32 
.40 


1.25 
1.25 




5,000 
9,400 
5,500 
74, 200 


6,000 
6,400 
5,600 
52, 500 


5,000 

5,900 

5,400 

45, 900 


559 

1,341 

955 

11, 536 


528 

992 

588 

7,980 


200 
1,150 

621 
5,553 


.71 
.67 
.65 
.73 


.50 
.30 
.30 
.42 


1.25 




1.15 




1. 20 




1.35 






Norfolk district 

Eastern Shore 

Other 


11,200 
58,800 
4,200 


10, 000 

40, 000 

2,500 


9,500 

34, 000 

2,400 


1,656 

9,301 

579 


1,550 

6,080 

350 


1,282 

4,012 

259 


.74 
.74 
.67 


.50 
.40 
.45 


1.35 
1.35 
1.25 






Total 


110,600 


79, 800 


73, 100 


16,976 


11,042 


8,795 


.69 


.40 


1.29 


Intermediate (sec. 2): 


1,800 
32, 800 


2,300 
41, 400 


2,000 
44, 900 


354 
5,564 


506 
7,369 


370 
7,723 


. 75 
.80 


.33 
.40 


1.25 




1.10 






Total 


34, 600 


43, 700 


46, 900 


5,918 


7,875 


8,093 


.80 


.40 


1.11 






Grand total. .... . 


318, 400 


276, 700 


273, 300 


41, 908 


37, 737 


35, 960 


.84 


.52 


1.32 







1 Bushels containing approximately 60 pounds. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



130180—31 



-13 



192 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 256. — Potatoes: Acreage, yield per acre, and production, specified countries, 
average, 1925-26 to 1929-80, annual, 1935-36 and 1936-87 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Country 


Aver- 
age 

1925-26 
to 

1929-30 


1935-36 


1936- 
371 


Aver- 
age 

1925-26 
to 

1929-30 


1935-36 


1936- 
37 1 


Aver- 
age 
1925-26 

to 
1929-30 


1935-36 


1936-37 i 


NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

North America: 

Canada 


1,000 
acres 
552 
3,064 


1,000 
acres 

506 
3,541 


1,000 
acres 

496 
3,058 


Bushels 
135.1 
114.0 


Bushels 
127.4 
109.1 


Bushels 
146.9 
107.9 


1,000 
bushels 
74, 579 
349, 434 


1,000 
bushels 
64, 450 
386, 380 


1,000 
bushels 
72, 863 


United States 


329, 997 






Total 


3,616 


4,047 


3, 554 


117.3 


111.4 


113.4 


424, 013 


450, 830 


402, 860 






Europe: 

United Kingdom. 

Irish Free State 


800 
369 
120 
366 
173 
433 
408 

3,606 

»812 

868 

117 

6,945 
453 

1,738 
652 
560 
515 

6, 125 
347 
200 
166 
171 

13, 496 


724 

336 

123 

319 

186 

344 

403 

3,490 

1,060 

1,004 

113 

6,802 

494 

1,850 

695 

656 

511 

6,998 

435 

306 

182 

204 

18, 225 


721 
335 
127 
319 
186 
277 
402 
3,461 

"I,"637 
116 

6,901 
502. 

1,873 
726 
655 
535 

7,149 
442 
296 
183 
210 

17, 139 


248.1 
238.1 
263.3 
173.2 
209.5 
280.0 
305.4 
145.3 
172.0 

83.9 
219.6 
201.7 
183.7 
178.4 
110.8 

74.9 
147.2 
158.7 
155.1 
142.4 
158.1 
160.9 

118.8 


237.5 

286.4 
273.8 
200.5 
243.5 
284.0 
274.1 
150.8 
167.7 
79.0 
220.6 
223.3 
178.0 
152.5 
73.6 
75.7 
136.3 
170.7 
149.8 
175.5 
180.2 
228.6 

140.6 


230.5 

265.5 
293.7 
215.5 
252.9 
289.2 
294.8 
159.1 

~~~93.~2 

183.7 
246.6 
182.9 
182.4 
134.7 

"l64.~4 
168.9 
200.0 
195. 7 
231.4 


198, 501 
87, 856 
31,592 
63, 397 
36, 243 
121, 249 
124, 585 
523, 939 
2 139, 671 
72, 837 

25, 691 
1,400,991 

83, 216 
310,025 
72, 221 
41,930 
75, 865 
972, 152 
53, 809 
28, 477 

26, 245 

27, 522 

1,602,822 


171, 964 

96,218 

33, 674 

63, 957 

45, 282 

97, 704 

110,448 

526, 156 

177,716 

79, 332 

24, 927 

1, 518, 621 

87, 908 

282, 094 

51,171 

49, 656 

69, 629 

1, 194, 214 

65, 174 

53, 688 

32, 800 

46, 629 

2, 562, 480 


166, 205 
88,956 


Norwav 


37, 299 


Sweden. 


68, 746 


Denmark. 


47, 031 


Netherlands 


80, 100 


Belgium 


118,512 


France 


550, 709 


Spain.. 


Italy 


96, G67 


Switzerland . 


21,311 


Germany 


1, 702, 070 


Austria 


91, 836 


Czechoslovakia 


341, 577 


Huneary 


97, 813 


Yugoslavia 




Rumania 




Poland 


1, 175, 044 


Lithuania 


74, 675 


Latvia 


59, 210 


Estonia 


35, 804 


Finland.. 


48, 596 


Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics 








Total European coun- 
tries reporting area 
and production, all 
years 


24,057 
39, 600 

27, 673 

44, 200 


25, 008 
45, 700 

29,055 

50, 900 


25, 263 
43, 200 

28,817 
47, 700 


177.1 


183.2 


194.0 


4, 260, 548 
6, 142, 300 

4, 684, 561 
6, 634, 200 


4, 581, 961 
7, 474, 600 

5, 032, 791 
8, 007, 400 


4, 902, 161 


Estimated European 
total 


7, 999, 300 


Total Northern Hemi- 
sphere countries re- 
porting area and pro- 
duction, all years 

Estimated Northern 
Hemisphere total.. 


169.3 


173.2 


184.1 


5, 305, 021 
8, 484, 100 












SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE 

Chile 


93 
302 
140 


42 
155 

131 




145.8 
97.1 
95.1 






13, 557 
29, 325 
13,315 


15, 179 
12, 710 
10, 661 




Argentina 








Australia 


81.4 










Estimated Southern 
Hemisphere total 


2,000 


2,500 










112,000 


120, 000 














Estimated world total . 


46, 200 


53,000 










6, 746, 200 


8, 127, 400 

















i Preliminary. 
1 4-year average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Both acreage and production figures refer to the year of harvest. 
Harvests of the Northern Hemisphere are combined with those of the Southern Hemisphere which immedi- 
ately follow: Thus, for 1935-36, the crop harvested in the Northern Hemisphere countries in 1935 is com- 
bined with the Southern Hemisphere harvest which begins late in 1935 and ends in early 1936. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



193 



Table 257. — Potatoes: Production of certified seed, by States, and imports, average 

1927-86, annual 1927-36 



State 


Aver- 
age 
1927-36 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 1 


California 


1,000 
bushels 

24 
223 
275 

12 

2 17 

4,441 

51 
358 
762 
108 
396 

25 

75 
532 
*13 
675 
5 
145v 
113 

31 
*38 
179 

99 
239 
238 


1,000 

burhels 

18 

77 

866 

25 


1,000 

bushels 

12 

58 

350 

9 


1,000 

bushels 

12 

72 

204 

21 


1,000 

bushels 

4 

52 

315 

9 


1,000 
bushels 
8 

96 
226 


1,000 

bushels 

7 

123 

151 

12 


1,000 

bushels 

12 

506 

212 

12 

16 

3,853 

73 

272 

602 

61 

552 

30 

124 

520 

9 

918 

8 

185 

137 

4 


1,000 
bushels 

21 

425 

137 

9 

37 
6,003 

95 
349 
659 

68 
198 

35 
107 
544 

42 
628 
( 3 ) 
187 
241 

36 
210 
101 
180 

143 


1,000 

bushels 

63 

353 

107 

7 

12 

5,872 

46 

217 

1,344 

120 

815 

28 

44 

415 

20 

1,430 

5 

130 

149 

19 

42 

155 

79 

202 

390 


1,000 
bushels 
85 


Colorado 


470 


Idaho 


184 


Kentucky... 




Louisiana ... 


2 




3,278 
32 
162 
622 
181 
182 
15 
( 3 ) 
323 


5,094 

22 

855 

1,163 

237 

152 

17 

101 

470 


3,999 

40 

741 

911 

72 

463 

9 

62 

572 


2,741 
17 

212 

548 
69 

663 
35 
50 

716 


3,944 
66 

194 

662 
62 

384 
40 

114 

819 
2 

413 
6 

137 
91 
38 


2,921 
57 

371 

437 
64 

392 
13 
84 

550 
4 

825 
7 

188 

103 
40 


6,704 
64 


Maryland ... 


Michigan 


211 


Minnesota 


667 


Montana 


144 


Nebraska 


162 


New Hampshire 

New Jersey 


26 
64 


New York 


388 


North Carolina ... .. 


j> 


North Dakota 

Ohio 


321 
6 

88 
30 
50 


540 
6 

154 
60 
59 


412 

7 

137 

70 
63 


372 

5 

74 
46 
23 


893 


Oregon 


166 




207 


South Dakota 

Utah 


10 

35 


Vermont 


253 
121 
243 
260 


136 

82 
448 
350 


137 

77 
294 

185 


133 

85 
261 
300 


219 
115 
259 
187 


179 
93 
173 
131 


183 
102 
150 
304 


180 


Washington... 


133 


Wisconsin. 

Wyoming 


182 
131 






Total.. . 


9,029 
M19 


7,153 


10, 375 


8,560 


6,730 
6 271 


8,089 
550 


6,921 

371 


8,820 
494 


10, 460 
256 


12, 064 
111 


11, 114 


Imports for consump- 
tion 


729 













i Preliminary. 

2 4-year average. 

3 Less than 500 bushels. 

4 6-year average. 
J 3-year average. 

» June 18 through Dec. 31. 



Data not available prior to June 18, 1930. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports of State seed-potato certifying agencies. 
Imports from Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the U. S. Department of Commerce. 



Table 258- 


Potatoes: Carlot s 


lipments, U 


nited States, 


by months, 


1927- < 


36 


Year 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Total i 


1927... 
1928... 
1929... 
1930... 
1931... 
1932... 
1933... 
1934... 
1935... 
1936 2. _ 


Cars 
17, 974 

20, 278 
20, 096 
20, 302 

21, 241 

17, 767 
16, 745 
21,924 

18, 722 
16, 974 


Cars 

17, 784 
22, 913 
20, 472 
19, 918 

20, 321 

18, 923 
16, 518 
17, 323 

21, 073 

19, 683 


Cars 
21, 497 

23, 710 
23, 059 
22, 108 
23,888 

24, 876 
24, 535 
23, 839 
21, 055 
24, 538 


Cars 

20, 283 

17, 255 
20, 153 
19, 769 

21, 461 
21, 436 

18, 206 
19, 887 

17, 991 

18, 907 


Cars 
16, 691 

23, 740 
20, 360 
22, 803 

24, 080 
18, 385 
18, 203 
21,611 
18, 590 
17, 338 


Cars 
22, 155 
29, 675 
24,813 
25, 004 
27, 276 
22, 095 
21, 380 
25, 744 
21, 270 
18, 627 


Cars 
21, 053 
21,048 
19, 583 
22, 326 
20, 434 
15,932 
12, 016 
17, 832 
15, 803 
14, 514 


Cars 
17, 853 
16, 252 
17, 395 
16, 775 
12,015 

8,465 
10, 797 
11,537 

9,902 
12, 397 


Cars 
25, 003 
21, 127 
24,441 
22, 415 
17,715 
12, 924 
17, 475 
14, 846 
12, 690 
16, 819 


Cars 
38, 333 
29. 906 
31, 958 
29, 076 
24, 759 
14, 496 
21, 942 

21, 959 
19, 674 

22, 610 


Cars 
21, 124 
18, 232 

15, 706 

16, 502 
14, 510 
11,941 
13, 824 
14, 922 
14, 083 
14, 314 


Cars 
13, 695 

13, 207 
15, 158 
15,413 
13,303 
12, 118 
12,441 
12, 188 
11,468 

14, 859 


Cars 
253, 445 
257, 343 
253, 194 
252, 411 
241,003 
199, 358 
204, 082 
223, 612 
202, 321 
211,580 



Includes shipments for emergency relief as follows: 1934, 3,673 cars; 1935, 1, 
Preliminary. 



cars; and 1936, 12 cars. 



Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis, 400 to 700 bushels to a carload. 
Shipments by truck not included. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 208. 



194 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 259. — Potatoes: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1926-35 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota... . 
South Dakota.... 
Nebraska 



Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia.. . 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina- 
Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada.. 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Other States... 



Total 237,028 



Crop-movement season ' 



1926 



Cars 

42, 607 

130 

247 

12, 573 

4,750 

2,630 

265 

163 

112 

16, 455 
18, 153 
25,049 

92 
1,616 
4,815 

518 
3,228 
4,062 
52 
2,031 
16,212 

119 
6,713 
5,223 

373 
4,809 

430 

313 

2,222 

38 

526 
1,429 
2,164 
2,014 

888 

17, 329 
763 

14, 200 

64 

1, 078 

780 

9,842 

2,719 

7,184 

48 



1927 



Cars 

40, 945 

163 

223 

12,320 

6, 676 

3,375 

339 

128 

14 

8,568 

15,455 

33, 482 

149 

1,294 

7,933 

2,537 

6,039 

4,341 

214 

3,545 

23, 717 

177 

7,555 

3,943 

489 

5,410 

877 

276 

2,102 

68 

508 

1,298 

2,130 

3,031 

1,376 

28, 305 

2,021 

17, 328 

61 

954 

942 

9,602 

2,339 

7,904 

56 



Cars 

41,111 

118 

145 

13, 478 

5,367 

5,829 

296 

191 

94 

14, 189 

15, 850 

20, 456 

427 

2,362 

6,333 

1,403 

4,784 

4,848 

27 

3,123 

27, 679 

360 

9, 736 

4,706 

321 

7,744 

718 

436 

3,133 

147 

239 

1,727 

2,058 

3,468 

756 

18, 887 

1,385 

13,714 

75 

454 

595 

8,054 

1,653 

7,666 

23 



Cars 

61,404 

119 

163 

9,208 

3,811 

2,132 

493 

118 

32 

6,337 

14, 709 
22, 923 

674 

984 
6,026 
2,144 
7,212 
2,440 
54 
2,426 
21, 177 

412 
6,003 
3,809 

272 
5,069 
1,211 

272 
1,541 

114 

514 
1.102 
2,208 
2,769 

380 
19, 011 
1,731 

15, 366 

50 

939 

442 

8,097 

1,560 

7,769 

58 



1930 



Cars 

53, 381 

268 

503 

13, 712 

6,600 

600 

264 

49 

54 

3,379 

10, 484 

16, 346 

342 

2,016 

4,687 

749 

9,160 

3,856 

8 

2,240 

21, 731 

87 

7,355 

4,544 

576 

4,802 

518 

267 

2,728 

119 

814 

2,327 

2,755 

5,480 

537 

32, 903 

2,775 

18, 080 

49 

1,044 

593 

7,988 

2,881 

7,887 

39 



1931 



Cars 

53, 224 

71 

224 

10, 409 

5,179 

634 

144 

12 

76 

8,856 

13, 351 

19, 209 

171 

1,473 

7,277 

79 

8,307 

2,710 

24 

1,752 

18, 644 

165 

8,681 

5,030 

808 

6,892 

447 

128 

4,712 

368 

837 

4,410 

2,171 

5,045 

393 

25,916 



270,209 256,165 245,285 257,577 245,823 185,965 210,761 3 221,419 3 196,195 



1932 



Cars 

44, 043 

19 

97 

8,058 

3,171 

194 

94 

20 

55 

9,946 

9,630 

14, 362 

367 

2,365 

4,526 

1,330 

4,294 

3,124 

13 

1,616 

12,823 

138 

5,876 

1,666 

247 

2,584 

501 

119 

1,874 

188 

483 

1,656 

1,893 

3,504 

222 

22, 526 

821 

7,266 

70 

613 

223 

4,996 

2, 515 

5,742 



1933 



Cars 

48, 756 

22 

70 

7,153 

5,540 

573 

36 

1 

9 

5,129 

5,218 

17, 123 

659 

1,599 

8,390 

552 

9,316 

1,657 

66 

1,147 

9,826 

23 

7,044 

2,009 

239 

4,035 

335 

344 

2,154 

131 

683 

2,102 

1,366 

2,354 

369 

30, 066 

2,436 

12, 395 

73 

723 

201 

5,920 

4,110 

8,757 

50 



1934 1935 ' 



Cars 

53, 996 

12 

156 

7,690 

5,844 

573 

151 

39 

39 

11,944 

17, 507 

8,237 

161 

168 

5,045 

12 

3,525 

357 

45 

1,178 

16, 084 

24 

10, 753 

3,402 

423 

5,705 

61 

409 

4, 528 

486 

653 

2,966 

1,878 

2,398 

171 

26, 639 

681 

3,265 

50 

832 

110 

6,013 

6,077 

10, 971 

161 



Cars 

42, 081 

1 

57 

4,347 

6,101 

394 

225 

39 

3 

7,009 

5,939 

12, 591 

248 

858 

10, 797 

286 

9,295 

595 

33 

1,533 

13, 464 

10 

8,210 

1,936 

141 

3,932 

184 

506 

3,143 

271 

307 

2,571 

844 

956 

85 

23, 761 

1,391 

12, 505 

5 

432 

119 

3,006 

3,785 

12, 171 

28 



1 Crop-movement season covers 19 months, from December through the second following June; i. e., the 
1926 season begins in December 1925 and ends June 1927. 

2 Preliminary beginning January 1936. 

3 Includes shipments for emergency relief in 1934, 4,555 cars; in 1935, 884 cars. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis, 400 to 700 bushels to a carload. 
Shipments by truck not included. 

Table 260. — Potatoes: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-87 



Year 


July 
15 


Aug. 
15 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 

15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 

15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


Weighted 
average 


1926-27 


Cents 
172.7 
181.1 
75.5 
87.8 
128.4 
79.8 
48.8 
97.9 
65.8 
50.7 
141.1 


Cents 
140.2 
144.5 
70.9 
137.9 
108.3 
76.1 
51.4 
131.0 
67.0 
49.1 
128.2 


Cents 
130.2 
108.5 
63.7 
135.6 
109.7 
58.9 
37.7 
100.3 
61.1 
47.5 
113.7 


Cents 
125.5 
97.6 
58.0 
138.2 
101.4 
45.5 
34.4 
74.6 
48.5 
46.1 
97.9 


Cents 
141.0 
95.1 
57.4 
134. 3 
95.0 
44.7 
34.4 
68.7 
45.8 
62.1 
98.0 


Cents 

137.0 
94.1 
57.5 

134.6 
89.8 
45.0 
36.8 
69.2 
44.9 
63.7 

106. 3 


Cents 
138. 7 
93.5 
59.5 
137.3 
89.3 
46.2 
37.4 
77.1 
45.3 
65.4 


Cents 
134.4 
96.7 
59.9 
138.9 
85.5 
44.4 
37.0 
87.6 
44.1 
68.4 


Cents 
127.3 
113.1 
58.4 
136.3 
83.8 
45.4 
39.0 
91.1 
42.5 
72.1 


Cents 
127.2 
115.1 
55.7 
145.5 
89.0 
46.0 
42.4 
82.3 
46.8 
81.1 


Cents 
145.4 
100.9 
59.8 
148.2 
82.8 
46.8 
43.7 
70.3 
42.6 
87.1 


Cents 

191.1 
78.5 
64.2 

142.9 
74.5 
44.3 
49.3 
62.3 
39.3 

136.6 


Cents 
136.1 


1927-28 


108.5 


1928-29 


57.1 


1929-30. 


131.8 


1930-31 

1931-32. 


91.9 
46.3 


1932-33... _ 


39.2 


1933-34.... 


82.1 


1934-35 


44.8 


1935-36 


59.7 


1936-37 


i 111.3 



1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, 
by States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 535. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



195 



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196 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 262. — Potatoes, Idaho, Russet Burbanks: Average carlot price per 100 
pounds, by months, Chicago, 1926-27 to 1986-37 



Season 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Liar. 


Apr. 


May 


1926-27 






$2.84 
1.78 
1.63 
2.98 
2.18 
1.43 
1.14 
1.61 
1.51 
1.53 
2.32 


$2.93 
1.75 
1.65 
. 2.86 
1.88 
1.39 
1.19 
1.63 
1.57 
1.90 
2.53 


$2.75 
1.59 
1.60 

2.88 
1.S2 
1.52 
1.17 
1.61 
1. 55 
1.81 
2.65 


$2.83 
1.73 
1.64 
3.18 
1.84 
1.54 
1.19 
1.96 
1.59 
1.8S 


$2.75 
1.89 
1.68 
3.14 
1.62 
1.40 
1.23 
2.10 
1.49 
1.91 


$2.88 
2.51 
1.60 
3.19 
1.67 
1.38 
1.22 
1.91 
1.55 
1.84 


$3.24 
1.97 
1.83 
3.79 
1.70 
1.32 
1.37 
1.66 
2.12 
2.19 


$4.24 
1.50 


1927-28 




$2.33 


1928-29 




1.95 


1929-30 




3.11 

2.71 
1.72 
1.30 
2.00 
1.73 
1.56 
2.60 


3 59 


1930-31 


i $2. 48 
1.84 


1.51 


1931-32 .. 


1 25 


1932-33 .'. 


1.43 


1933-34 


2.68 
1.72 
1.64 
2.88 


1.44 


1934-35 


1.65 


1935-36 

1936-37 


2.54 













1 Less-than-carlot sales to jobbers. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily market reports from the Bureau representative 
at the market. 

Average prices as shown are based on stock of U. S. No. 1 grade; they are simple averages of daily range 
of selling prices. 



Table 263. — Potatoes: International t 


mde, average. 


1925- 


-29, annual 1982- 


35 




Calendar year 


Country 


Average 
1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 « 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING COUN- 
TRIES 

Netherlands 


1,000 

bushels 

17, 967 

9,012 

7.751 

7,118 

3,855 

2,773 

2,341 

2,138 

1,475 

1,062 

915 

886 

606 

451 

402 

277 

193 


1,000 

bushels 

659 

5,090 

1,933 

688 

12 

262 

1,226 

213 

1,413 

951 

647 

1 



248 

80 

4 




1,000 

bushels 

18, 532 

9,993 

4,987 

2,061 

2, 634 

755 

6,244 

1,393 

1,395 

88 

1,038 

621 

662 

389 

576 

182 

449 


1,000 

bushels 

393 

6,168 

1,989 

189 

5 

14 

751 

70 

2,009 

293 

161 





243 

25 

4 

62 


1,000 

bushels 

9,414 

1,168 

4,249 

1,925 

882 

672 

3,510 

1,193 

1,749 

1 

485 

175 

867 

380 

422 

121 

393 


1,000 

bushels 

341 

4,384 

1,150 

180 

1 

17 

659 

396 

1,592 

448 

6 





216 

27 

5 

32 


1,000 

bushels 

8,612 

1,345 

4,211 

2,341 

1,009 

2,644 

2,487 

1,154 

1,479 

1 

429 

256 

1,753 

460 

402 

74 

201 


1,000 

bushels 

348 

3,310 

3,225 

208 

7 

4 

914 

6 

2,674 

283 

2 

1 



234 

19 

3 

24 


1,000 
bushels 
7,496 
1,270 


1,000 

bushels 
249 


Belgium . 


2,968 


Italv 




Canada .. 


1,405 

1,137 

2,071 

3,178 

1,266 

1,700 



682 

474 

1,757 


17S 


Poland 


4 


Hungarv 


3 


Spain 


768 


Argentina 


32 


Algeria.. 


1,716 


Czechoslovakia 


252 


Irish Free State... .. 




Estonia __ 


1 


Japan 





Malta - 




Cyprus 2 






Netherland India 


28 
165 





China 








Total 


59, 232 


13, 427 


51, 999 


12,371 


27, 606 


9,454 


28,858 


11,262 


22,629 


6,171 


PRINCIPAL IMPORTING COUN- 
TRIES 

Germanv.- 


5, 346 


16, 623 

14, 071 

12, 205 

4,284 

3,903 

2,596 

2,326 

1,748 

1,483 

1,182 

845 

719 

624 

469 

422 

411 

358 

161 

62 


7,425 

1,953 

2,938 

912 

27 

241 

3 

218 



3 

121 

980 

7 

4 

294 

1 





479 


4,613 
28, 979 

8,026 
727 
974 
604 

2,236 
435 

1,255 
219 
603 
72 
106 
139 
158 
499 
457 
229 



1,259 

1,582 

2,378 

719 

38 

11 

1 

144 





36 

75 



6 

5 







57 


2,619 

7,331 

3.530 

1,180 

673 

661 

1,594 

418 

1,143 

416 

638 

4 

177 

15 

18 

494 

378 

196 




1,421 

1,784 

3,414 

1,171 



70 

53 

109 





65 

122 

"~~39~ 
4 

12 



45 


4,109 

5,741 

4,472 

1,538 

1,003 

766 

953 

878 

21,025 

125 

664 

1 

180 

4 

29 

637 

421 

141 




628 

1,455 
2,467 
1,808 


2,211 


United Kingdom . 


2,779 

9,850 

2,434 

75 

865 

4 

120 

1 



139 

67 

1 

98 

36 

2 





44 


7,124 


France. 


3,823 


United States. _. 


410 


Cuba 




Austria 


106 
2 





77 

212 

... .... 

-- 





20 


595 


Switzerland.. . -... 


1,287 


Portugal _- 




Uruguay ._ 




Brazil 


41 


Egypt 


656 


Denmark 





Finland.- 


160 


Yugoslavia 


15 


Sweden _. 


219 


Tunisia 


509 


Philippine Islands 




Venezuela 




Norway 


15 






Total -_ „ 


21,861 


64,492 


15, 606 


50, 331 


6,311 


21, 385 


8,309 


22,487 


6,805 


17, 065 







1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 
not include sweetpotatoes. 



> International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 
Official sources except where otherwise noted. These figures do 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



197 



Table 264. — Sweetpotatoes: Acreage, production, season average price per bushel 
received by farmers, and value, United States, 1868-1986 



Year 



1868. 
1869. 
1869. 
1870. 
1871. 
1872. 
1873. 
1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877. 
1878. 
1879. 
1879. 
1880. 
1881. 
1882. 
1883. 
1884. 
1885. 
1886. 
1887. 
1888. 
1889. 
1889. 
1890. 
1891. 
1892. 
1893. 
1894. 
1895. 
1896. 
1897. 
1898. 
1899. 
1899. 
1900. 
1901. 
1902. 



Acre- 
age har- 
vested 



1,000 

acres 

325 



351 
352 
375 
379 
392 
406 
425 
460 
454 
479 
( 2 ) 
451 
469 
441 
469 
470 
476 
474 
481 
494 
515 
525 
521 
531 
537 
544 
545 
548 
545 
557 
531 
547 
5S7 
531 
542 
558 
558 



Aver- 
age 
yield 
per acre 



Bushels 
87.9 



64.7 
87.8 
74.9 
71.6 
84.9 
74.3 
76.5 
83.1 
77.5 



75.1 
85.6 
56.3 
89.0 
66.2 
68.0 
84.6 
81.2 
78.0 
87.1 
83. 8 
85.9 
84.7 
85.2 
85.2 
83.7 
90.6 
82.4 
75.4 
78.3 
92.8 



87.8 



Pro- 
duc- 
tion 



1,000 
bushels 
28, 557 
21,710 
22, 713 

30, 911 
28,093 
27, 148 
33, 269 
30, 150 
32, 518 
38,214 
35, 196 
38,703 
S3, 379 
33,851 
40,123 
24,830 
41, 742 

31, 096 

32, 376 

40, 111 
39,061 
38, 52S 
44. 838 
43,950 

44, 779 
44,963 

45, 773 

46, 364 
45, 615 

49, 676 
44,886 
42,001 

41, 587 

50, 743 
42,517 

42, 245 
45,684 
48, 156 
48, 975 



Price 



Cents 
106.1 



116.5 
88.5 
83.4 
83.8 
78.1 
79.2 
73.7 



54.9 
50.5 



60.1 
56.3 
57.3 
50.9 
53.3 
56.0 
47.1 



52.0 
52.6 
49.5 


23,289 
23,641 
22, 659 










47.6 
43.1 
48.6 


21, 378 
18, 103 
20, 213 







52.8 
50.5 
57.4 
57.8 



Farm 
value 



1,000 
dol. 
30,311 



26, 453 

27, 369 
23,436 

22, 744 
25, 979 

23, 891 
23,952 



18, 574 
20,271 



25, 070 

17, 493 

18, 557 
20. 411 
20, 835 
21,577 
21, 120 



22, 310 
23,077 

27, 638 

28, 305 



Year 



1903.. 
1904.. 
1905.. 
1906.. 
1907.. 
1908.. 
1909.. 
1909.. 
1910.. 
1911.. 
1912.. 
1913.. 
1914.. 
1915.. 
1916.. 
1917.. 
1918.. 
1919.. 
1919. 
1920.. 
1921.. 
1922.. 
1923.. 
1924- . 
1924.. 
1925. . 
1926. 
1927.. 
1928.. 
1929.. 
1929. 
1930.. 
1931. . 
1932.. 
1933.. 
1934.. 
1934. . 
1935. 
1936' 



Acre- 
age har- 
vested 



1,000 
acres 
565 
570 
574 
585 
596 
621 
641 
639 
634 
603 
586 
596 
572 
627 
658 
725 
738 
803 
791 
767 
817 
817 
674 
467 
564 
636 
645 
724 



850 
1,056 



967 
958 



822 



Aver- 
age 
yield 
per acre 



Bushels 
93.6 
97.4 

102.0 
98.7 
96.2 

100.3 
92.4 
92.3 
95.1 
91.7 
96.7 
94.0 
94.7 

100.9 
93.5 

100.4 
92.9 
97. S 
99.0 

100.4 
90.2 
95.9 
94.8 
80.2 
79.6 
78.8 
98.1 
97.9 
93.0 

100.3 

100.6 
81.3 
78.6 
81.9 
82.9 
80.6 
80.9 
85.8 
78.0 



Pro- 
duc- 
tion 



1,000 
bushels 
52, 871 
55, 515 
58,560 
57, 750 
57, 332 

62, 299 

59, 232 
58.994 

60, 310 
55.2S5 
56,644 
55. 998 
54, 145 

63. 241 

61, 546 

72, 767 
68, 581 
78, 092 
78, 272 
76, 999 

73, 708 
78, 365 
63, 871 
37,444 
44,884 
50, 139 

63, 300 
70, 897 
59, 178 
65, 193 

64, 963 
54, 415 
66, 849 
86, 436 
75, 248 
77, 983 
77, 482 
83,128 
64, 144 



Price ' 



Cents 
5>. 2 

113.1 
5S.0 
62.1 
70.6 
66.5 



69.3 
78.9 
92.0 
86.8 
83.7 
85.2 
76.1 
96.6 
128.2 
151.5 



169.0 
141.7 
113.1 
100.4 
120.6 



149.6 
165.1 
117.4 
109.0 
118.0 



117.1 
108.2 
72.7 
54.2 
69.5 



70.4 
93.6 



Farm 
value 



1,000 
dol. 
30, 753 
62, 814 
33, 965 
35, 839 

40, 479 

41, 424 



40, 911 
47, 587 
50, 836 
49, 1S3 
46,861 
46, 144 
48, 150 
59, 452 
93,288 
103, 901 



132, 248 
109, 071 
83,352 
78, 676 
77, 018 



67, 137 
82, 757 
74, 305 
77, 301 
69, 814 



76, 081 
58, 879 
48, 567 
46, 862 
52, 269 



61, 805 
53, 501 
60, 035 



1 Prior to 1910 prices are as of Dec. 1 . 
1 Census acreage incomplete. 
3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



198 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 265. — Sweet-potatoes: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price 
per bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 

crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 1 


New Jersey 


1,000 

acres 

13 

4 

6 

3 

9 

5 

7 

9 

37 

78 

54 

102 

22 

18 

60 

78 

64 

34 

77 

19 

64 

11 


1,000 

acres 
17 
5 
8 
3 

14 

5 

7 

8 

38 

93 

72 

127 

23 

25 

58 

103 

93 

47 

123 

19 

70 

11 


1,000 
acres 
16 
4 
5 
3 

13 

4 

7 

8 

37 

84 

57 

102 

19 

22 

48 

80 

78 

39 

113 

15 

56 

12 


Bu. 
126 

116 
93 
93 
94 
118 
129 
147 
123 
96 
82 
74 
80 
86 
95 
84 
92 
90 
71 
86 
76 
99 


Bu. 

145 
85 
75 
85 
75 
70 
116 
128 
110 
100 
85 
84 
70 
80 
80 
86 
86 
65 
72 
70 
90 
112 


Bu. 
150 

80 
60 
75 
58 
60 
130 
150 
118 
90 
85 
65 
65 
61 
77 
77 
83 
55 
69 
35 
65 
115 


1,000 

bu. 

1,738 

415 

535 

257 

845 

567 

898 

1,299 

4,270 

7,141 

4,648 

7,304 

1,583 

1,537 

5,340 

6,539 

6,136 

2,675 

5,439 

1,393 

4,734 

1,075 


1,000 
bu. 

2, 465 
425 
600 
255 

1,050 

350 

812 

1,024 

4,180 

9,300 

6,120 

10, 668 

1,610 

2,000 

4,640 

8,858 

7,998 

3, 055 
8,856 
1,330 
6,300 
1,232 


1,000 

bu. 

2,400 

320 

300 

225 

754 

240 

910 

1,200 

4,366 

7,560 

4,845 

6,630 

1,235 

1,342 

3,696 

6,160 

6,474 

2,145 

7,797 

525 

3, 640 

1,380 


Cents 
86 
87 
79 
106 
88 
91 
72 
72 
59 
74 
63 
70 
85 
78 
59 
72 
76 
76 
58 
77 
66 
103 


Cents 
105 


Indiana _ _ 


150 


Illinois .... 


130 


Iowa . . . 


135 


Missouri. 


140 


Kansas 


150 


Delaware 


90 


Maryland 


90 


Virginia 


80 


North Carolina _ 


85 


South Carolina 


90 


Georgia _. 


85 


Florida .. 


85 


Kentucky . 


115 


Tennessee .. - 


105 


Alabama . 


80 


Mississippi... ... . 


90 


Arkansas 


120 


Louisiana 


90 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


150 
100 


California . 


135 






United States 


771 


969 


822 


88.5 


85.8 


78.0 


66, 368 


83, 128 


64, 144 


70.4 


93.6 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 266. — Sweetpotatoes: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1926-27 to 

1935-36 



State 


Crop-movement season i 


1926-27 


1927-28 


1928-29 


1929-30 


1930-31 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-362 


New Jersey 

Indiana 


Cars 

1,770 

284 

151 

1,885 

2,283 

6,501 

1,683 

162 

678 

185 

302 

4,972 

515 

79 

548 

1,285 

268 

702 

1,186 

316 


Cars 

1,225 

209 

119 

1,517 

2, 256 

6,618 

1,711 

276 

667 

159 

185 

3,587 

574 

211 

392 

1,147 

294 

1,284 

805 

187 


Cars 

1,223 

231 

85 

1,470 

2,106 

6,480 

760 

130 

227 

69 

121 

2,915 

393 

126 

316 

981 

255 

717 

767 

173 


Cars 

1,090 
352 
164 

1,454 
• 1,859 

7,090 
729 
375 
527 
125 
268 

3,692 
570 
271 
207 

1,463 
102 
802 
728 
174 


Cars 

1,078 
355 
193 
771 
975 

5,361 
883 
337 
348 
114 
222 

2,903 
320 
219 
175 

1,224 

78 

717 

869 

234 


Cars 

1,531 
484 
211 

1,346 
862 

4,973 
592 
70 
335 
166 
479 

2,410 
362 
133 
128 

1,315 

16 

593 

632 

190 


Cars 
844 
319 
281 
736 
434 
3,262 
584 
195 
148 

70 

334 

2,498 

158 

22 

46 
963 

40 
238 
520 
186 


Cars 

1,554 

112 

32 

991 

493 

2,920 

415 

101 

76 

32 

104 

1,086 

175 

69 

172 

1,017 

66 

349 

481 

73 


Cars 

1,362 

114 

50 

688 

461 

2,205 

493 

102 

34 

77 

186 

1,704 

324 

134 

21 

1,997 

17 

82 

608 

37 


Cars 
1,239 
92 


Illinois 


15 
592 


Maryland.. . 


386 


Virginia ..... 


2,334 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 


431 
147 
80 
76 
163 


Tennessee 

Alabama 


1,292 
351 


Mississippi 


82 
41 




2,728 


Oklahoma 


62 


Texas 


366 


California. 

Other States 


523 

54 


Total 


25, 755 


23,423 


19, 545 


22, 042 


17, 376 


16, 828 


11, 878 


10,318 


10, 696 


11,054 



i Crop-movement season covers 12 months, from July of 1 year through June of the following year. Fig- 
ures for certain States include shipments for month preceding or following the regular crop-movement 
season. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carle t basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



199 



Table 267. — Sweetpotatoes: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United 
States, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 



July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


185.6 


189.0 


153.9 


110.6 


88.5 


91.0 


97.8 


109.0 


112.3 


112.8 


118.9 


136.0 


136.4 


146.7 


121.9 


98. 1 


86.5 


91.9 


93.4 


98.6 


109.6 


115.1 


121.4 


124.7 


119.5 


131.0 


120.9 


111.2 


100.2 


101.8 


104.2 


113.7 


117.0 


120.8 


125.9 


129.8 


135.9 


136.2 


127.9 


112.5 


97.7 


98.9 


103.1 


109.6 


114.6 


118.3 


126.4 


128.6 


125.0 


136.3 


128.7 


110.7 


93.8 


94.1 


98.1 


100.8 


105.5 


113.7 


115.2 


108.5 


101.1 


107.8 


81.4 


66.1 


58.2 


58.5 


61.4 


61.8 


64.4 


64.0 


64.6 


62.5 


63.9 


68.1 


55.3 


44.0 


37.7 


38.9 


42.2 


43.5 


46.6 


49.9 


55.8 


57.5 


67.8 


93.0 


76.2 


63.3 


56.4 


60.5 


67.2 


72.7 


78.2 


81.0 


82.8 


86.8 


87.0 


97.5 


87.9 


74.8 


65.0 


67.9 


71.6 


74.3 


75.8 


77.8 


82.9 


80.5 


83.4 


85.1 


74.1 


59.8 


59.6 


62.0 


65.4 


69.8 


72.4 


75.1 


82.1 


87.4 


96.5 


119.6 


101.7 


90.2 


79.5 


83.3 



























Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 



1926-27 
1927-28 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



Cents 

117.4 

109.0 

118.0 

117.1 

108.2 

72.7 

54.2 

69.5 

79.8 

70.4 

193.6 



i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price repoiters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States: average for the year obtained 
by weighting State price averages for the corp-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935. 
issue of crops and markets, p. 535. 

Table 268. — Sweetpotatoes: Average I. c. I. price per bushel, New York and Chicago, 
* by months, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Market and 
season 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


New York: 

1926-27 


$2.21 
1.31 
1.57 
1.60 
1.77 
1.21 
.81 
1.43 
1.65 
1.09 
1.34 

2.23 
1.54 
2.01 
1.76 
2.21 
1.12 
.94 
1.64 
1.60 
1.05 
1.48 


$1.47 
1.13 
1.29 
1.34 
1.40 
.67 
.60 
.79 
1.01 
.77 
.95 

1.72 
1.55 
1.69 
1.83 
1.81 
1.06 
1.13 
1.22 
1.50 
1.08 
1.39 


$0.97 
.93 
1.05 
1.09 
1.21 
.56 
.54 
.65 
.83 
.65 
.80 

1.30 
1.39 
1.46 
1.57 
1.59 
.89 
.93 
1.14 
1.24 
1.07 
1.27 


$0.98 
1.29 
1.31 

1.28 
1.26 

.56 
.54. 
.70 
.92 
.82 
.76 

1.37 
1.44 
1.92 
i 1.64 
1.77 
1.03 
.94 
1.19 
1.41 
1.29 
1.37 


$1.24 
1.48 
1.62 
1.60 
1.56 
.57 
.61 
.82 
1.06 
.88 
.87 

1.69 

« 1.68 

12.30 

1.78 

1.74 

.97 

1.08 

1.46 

1.48 

1.25 

1.62 


$1.37 
1.66 
1.88 
1.58 
1.90 
.56 
.73 
1.01 
1.21 
.94 


$1.46 
1.88 
2.14 
1.46 
2.15 
.67 
.82 
1.07 
1.24 
1.02 


$1.61 

2.08 

2.32 

1.66 

2.09 

.68 

.97 

1.20 

1 11 

.98 


$1.81 
2.04 


$2.09 


1927-28 


1928-29 




1929-30 


2.06 




1930-31 




1931-32 

1932-33 


.74 
1.01 
1.30 
1.13 
1.16 


l."l6 


1933-34 


1.47 


1934-35 


1.43 


1935-36 


1.46 


1936-37 




Chicago: 

1926-27 

1927-28 


1.70 

12.16 

12.40 

i 1.90 

1.88 

.88 

.98 

1.50 

1.46 

1.30 


1.66 

12.51 

12.49 

2.06 

2.02 

1.02 

.99 

1.54 

1.45 

1.27 


1.52 

12.09 

12.37 

2.22 

2.26 

.99 

1.05 

1.71 

1.39 

1.19 


1.23 
12.22 


1.44 


1928-29 




1929-30 


2.61 




1930-31 




1931-32 


.95 

.76 

1.70 

1.30 

1.40 




1932-33 


.50 


1933-34 - . 


1.78 


1934-35 


1.26 


1935-36 


1.33 


1936-37 - . 

















i Kiln-dried. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily market reports from Bureau representatives in 
the markets. 

Average prices as shown are based on stock of good merchantable quality and condition; they are simple 
averages of daily range of selling prices. In some cases conversions have been made from larger to smaller 
units or vice versa, in order to obtain comparability. 



200 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 269. — Spinach, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average, 1928-32, annual 1935 
and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Utilization, marketing 
season and State 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 
Fall: 


Acres 
2,940 

1,040 

1,760 

100 

370 

27, 590 


Acres 
2,200 

1,680 
1,000 


Acres 
2,900 

1,950 

900 


1,000 

bushels l 
888 

771 
168 
26 
90 
2 6,544 


1,000 
bushels i 
418 

1,189 
85 


1,000 

bushels l 
754 

1,384 
92 


Dollars 
0.69 

.43 
.45 
.73 
.69 
.44 


Dollars 
0.70 

.45 
.45 


Dollars 
0.50 

.45 
.35 


Early: 

California 

Louisiana 

North Carolina. 


South Carolina.. 
Texas .. 


2C0 

36,000 


600 

48, 000 


40 
3,780 


120 
6,000 


.90 

.58 


.40 
30 






Total 


30. S60 


38, SSO 


51,450 


2 7, 599 


5,094 


7,596 


.45 


.55 


33 






Second early: 

Arkansas 

Illinois . . 


770 

110 

820 

1,010 

1,200 


1,000 
130 

800 

800 
1,150 

200 
1,100 
2,530 

150 


1,700 

130 

700 

960 

900 

2,500 

1,200 

3,200 

200 


111 

24 

250 

291 

403 


200 

32 

264 

160 

518 

40 

302 

886 

45 


340 
26 
147 
192 
315 
88 
300 
896 
100 


.52 
.50 
.33 
.45 
.66 


.60 
.85 
.48 
.55 
.52 
.60 
.60 
.55 
.45 


.40 
.40 


Maryland 

Missouri . 


.50 

.45 


New Jersey 

Oklahoma.. 


.60 
.40 


Pennsylvania 

Virginia- 


3 860 

4,080 

220 


3 308 

1,301 

78 


3.54 
.52 
.35 


.50 

.50 


Washington 


.55 


Total . . 


8,900 


7,860 


11,490 


2,705 


2,447 


2,404 


.51 


.55 


49 






Intermediate: 

Colorado 

Late: 

Arkansas 


470 


840 

400 

800 

630 

800 

2,650 

1,000 

1,200 

350 


1,260 

500 
800 
1,200 
1,000 
2,100 
1,750 
1,900 
300 


= T7 


92 

60 
88 
189 
160 
1,060 
128 
312 
140 


145 

100 
140 
180 
250 
588 
385 
513 
45 


.48 


.35 

.40 


.45 
.27 


Illinois 


540 

690 

620 

1,840 


63 

199 
151 
598 


.68 


.50 


.65 


Maryland 

Missouri 


.45 
.62 
.60 


.48 
.50 
.60 
.40 
.80 
.35 


.57 
.30 


New Jersey 


.60 
.29 


Pennsylvania 

Washington 


3 1,040 
340 


3 322 

112 


3.59 
.41 


.50 
.40 


Total 


4,870 


7,830 


9, 550 


1.381 


2,137 


2,201 


.56 


.57 


.47 






Grand Total... 


43. 040 


57, 610 


76, 650 


» 12. 650 


10, 188 


13,100 


.49 


.56 


.39 


For manufacture: 

Maryland 


1,830 


1,770 


900 
6,400 
12, 970 
6,750 


Short 
tons 
5,400 


Short 
tons 
5.000 


Short 
tons 

1,500 

7,000 

41,500 

13, 500 


24.00 


23.40 


30.90 


Texas . 




8.80 




9,280 


13,410 


47,340 48,300 


13.94 


11.20 


10.85 


Other States * 


21.41 


















Total 


11,110 


15, 180 


27, 020 


52,740 53.300 


63,500 


14.97 


12. 35 13. 34 

















1 Bushels containing approximately 18 pounds. 

2 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Texas— 3,195,000 bushels in 
1929; Colorado— 19,000 bushels in 1931 and 31,000 in 1932. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

3 Short-time average. 

* Other States includes Arkansas and Oklahoma. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning estab- 
lishments. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 201 

Table 270. — Spinach: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1924-36 



State 



New York 

Missouri 

Maryland 

Virginia 

South Carolina- 
Arkansas 

Texas 

California 

Washington 

Other States... 



Total... 



Crop-movement season ' 



1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 » 



Cars 

23 

103 

725 

3,107 

161 

3 

3,038 

70 

40 



23 



Cars 

12 

113 

619 

2,946 

501 

24 

3,235 
241 
123 
105 



7,507: 7,919 



Cars 

12 

100 

846 

2,669 

614 

37 

4,513 
305 
121 
166 



Cars 

14 

33 

670 

3,213 

462 

47 

4,495 

445 

145 

131 



Cars 

24 

100 

749 

3,066 
282 
191 

5,528 
334 
156 
163 



Cars 

102 

27 

628 

2,974 
110 
84 

5,559 
494 
154 
216 



Cars 

41 

34 

172 

2, 586 

75 

141 

6,085 

177 

207 

118 



9,383! 9, 655 '10, 593 10,348: 9,636 



Cars 

46 

50 

441 

1,332 

82 

127 

7,302 

71 

170 

152 



Cars 

53 

50 

102 

1,127 

5 

62 

6,669 

100 

145 

81 



Cars 
42 
127 



II 



Cars 
50 
268 
35 

1,174 
30 
95 



877 6,202 

101 22 

161 105 

113 107 



9,773 8. 394 8,519 8,088 



Cars 

43 

25 

79 

1,383 

31 

172 

3.5Q2 

128 

52 

189 



5. 604 



Cars 

66 

31 

19 

1,484 

90 

283 

5, 403 

30 

122 

110 



,63S 



1 Crop-movement season covers 15 months, from October of the preceding year through December of 
the year shown. Figures for Maryland, Washington, and New Jersey, include shipments in January 
succeeding the regular crop-movement season. 

s Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 271. — Strawberries, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season aver- 
age price per crate received by farmers; average 1928-32, annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production • 


Price for crop of— 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Early: 


Acres 
4,500 
7,300 

22, 540 

960 

2,150 


Acres 
3,200 
8,000 

18, 800 

600 

2,950 


Acres 
2,700 
8,900 

14, 800 

500 

2,400 


1,000 

crates s 

348 

523 

1,390 

53 

123 


1,000 
crates 2 
256 
520 
771 
31 
88 


1,000 

crates 2 

184 

445 

1,243 

22 

156 


Dollars 
2.75 
6.20- 
4.70 
3.00 
4.40 


Dollars 
2.10 
4.30 
3.75 
2.40 
5.70 


Dollars 
2.55 


Florida.. 


4.10 




4.00 




2.65 


Texas 


3.60 


Total 

Second early: 


37, 450 


33, 550 


29, 300 


2,437 


1,666 


2,050 


4.67 


3.75 


3.85 


21, 440 

2,130 
420 

7,360 
410 

16, 020 
6,680 


10, 400 

1,760 
490 

8,500 

560 

16, S00 

6,100 


12, 400 

1,680 
820 

8,800 
560 

15, 600 
6,100 


*943 

329 
21 

639 
29 

753 

505 


395 

232 
29 

774 
40 

823 

549 


496 

247 
41 

519 
38 

437 

427 


2.60 

3.70 
2.60 
2.65 
2.75 
2.25 
2.40 


1.95 

2.65 
3.00 
2.20 
3.00 
1.65 
2.70 


2.30 


California (southern dis- 
trict) 


2.90 


Georgia.- 


3.00 




2.80 




2.70 


Tennessee .- 


2.15 


Virginia 


2.90 


Total 


54, 460 

2,740 
4,080 
4,300 
1,320 
5,260 
7,740 
16, 460 
3,660 
2,200 


44, 610 

3,260 
4,900 
5,400 

700 
8,200 
7,300 
6,000 
3,400 

700 


45, 960 

3,260 
5,200 
5,600 

800 
8,200 
7,500 
8,600 
3,400 

600 


3 3,219 

446 
232 
233 

65 
347 
488 
677 
309 

71 


2,842 

424 
407 
324 

32 
484 
584 
282 
340 

24 


2,205 

447 
182 
252 

40 
189 
338 
301 
187 

15 


2.61 

3.35 
2.25 
2.65 
2.80 
3.00 
2.25 
2.95 
2.50 
2.65 


2.16 

2.35 
2.10 
2. 35 
2.50 
2.30 
2.00 
2.75 
2. 15 
2.50 


2. 59 


Intermediate: 

California, other 

Delaware . . . .. 


2.60 
2.75 




2.75 




2.40 




3. 05 




2.50 


Missouri. - 


3.35 




2.65 


Oklahoma 


2.50 


Total 


47, 760 


39, 860 


43, 160 


2,868 


2,901 


1,951 


2.71 


2.25 


2.77 


Late: 

Indiana -. . 


2.320 
2,340 
7,940 
3,720 
3,460 
11, 880 
3,460 
1,340 
8,160 
1,660 


2,700 
700 

10, 800 
3,500 
4,400 

12,400 

4,000 

900 

9,000 

1,880 


2,700 
600 

11,000 
3,600 
4,000 

13, 600 
4,400 
1,100 

10,000 
2,100 


150 
144 
487 
285 
210 
844 
234 

93 
575 

74 


297 
42 
756 
262 
308 
744 
272 
50 
810 
132 


135 

30 

770 

252 

240 

1,142 

286 

55 

800 

94 


2.70 
3.50 
3.25 
3.45 
3.35 
2.80 
2.95 
2.55 
2.90 
3.55 


2.20 
2.50 
1.60 
2.50 
2.10 
1.90 
1.75 
1.80 
1.75 
2.05 


3.40 




2.75 




3.20 




3.30 


Ohio 


2.85 


Oregon .. . .. 


1.95 




2.75 


Utah 


1.40 




2.15 


Wisconsin ... ... 


2.50 


Total 


46. 280 


50, 280 


53. 100 


3, 096 


3, 673 


3.804 


3.03 


1.89 


2.51 


Grand total 


185, 950 


168, 300 


171.520 


3 11,620 


11,082 


10,010 


3. 15 


2.33 


2. 86 



1 Includes undetermined quantities used for canning, cold pack, etc. 

« 24-quart crates containing approximately 36 pounds. ,„.„.. , . .„,, 

' Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Arkansas, 30,\000 crates in 193. 
Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



202 AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 

Table 272. — Strawberries; Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1930-36 



Group and State 


Calendar year > 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 J 


Early: 


Cars 

771 

1,721 

2,389 

74 

92 

6 


Cars 

1,154 

1,862 

4,720 

127 

65 

3 


Cars 
755 
1,760 

2,664 
131 
38 


Cars 

893 
2,084 
2,610 

114 
39 


Cars 

450 

1,830 

2,778 

73 

106 

3 


Cars 

363 

1,363 

1,826 

50 

14 

3 


Cars 
215 


Florida 


1,082 




2,856 
22 




Texas. 


30 


Other States 


4 










Total 


5, 053 


7,931 


5,348 


5,740 


5,240 


3,619 


4,209 






Second early: 


688 

16 

9 

756 

9 

1,158 

335 


578 

13 

14 

1,228 

44 

1,066 

525 


1,721 

75 

11 

619 

58 

1,282 

393 


1,092 

62 

13 

849 

74 

1,632 

475 


2,144 

18 

11 

306 

35 

1,217 

198 


357 
3 
6 

787 
34 

983 

260 


536 


California (southern dist.)._ 


3 




483 




23 




175 




171 






Total 


2,971 


3,468 


4, 159 


4,197 


3,929 


2,430 


1,391 






Intermediate: 


203 
203 
163 

29 
404 
424 
807 
106 

39 


174 
111 
119 

23 
395 
352 
692 

60 
3 


366 
94 

175 

13 

1,070 

326 

795 
67 
12 


385 
158 
211 
15 
988 
358 
765 
41 
14 


405 

241 

138 

1 

979 

241 

614 

39 

54 


365 

158 

72 

1 

1,057 

220 

195 

2 


323 




95 


Illinois 


31 




5 




353 


Maryland 


118 




212 


New Jersey 




Oklahoma 










Total 


2,378 


1,929 


2,918 


2,935 


2,709 


2,070 


1,137 






Late: 


33 

48 
44 
57 
31 
35 
12 


64 
36 
21 
53 
58 
40 
23 
8 
9 


150 
44 
21 
71 
85 

112 

32 

59 

7 


188 
22 
11 
102 
24 
2 
2 

18 
10 


38 


123 
2 


48 




2 




15 
22 
25 
11 
23 
32 
14 






31 
29 
27 
12 

145 
6 


15 




12 




34 




17 




28 


Other States 










Total 


267 


312 


581 


379 


176 


375 


156 






Grand total 


10, 669 


13, 640 


13, 006 


13, 251 


12, 061 


8,494 


6,893 







» Crop movement is for calendar year, except Florida and Texas starting with 1933 season, which began 
in December of the preceding year. 
8 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



203 



Table 273. — Tomatoes: Commercial acreage, season average price, production, and 
foreign trade, United States, 1925-36 









Season aver- 






Foreign trade, year beginning July 


















acreage 


received by 


production 






Domestic 
exports 








producers 








Imports 


Year 






For 


For 


















For 
mar- 
ket 


For 
manu- 
fac- 
ture 


mar- 
ket- 
per 

bush- 
eP 


manu- 
fac- 
ture, 
per 
ton 2 


For 
mar- 
ket 


For 
manu- 
fac- 
ture 


Fresh 


Canned 3 


Paste 


Canned 


Catsup 

and 
sauces 








Dol- 


Dol- 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




Acres 


Acres 


lars 


lars 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


pounds 


1925 


127, 710 


355, 130 


2.08 


14.79 


877, 945 


3, 618, 400 


82. 448 


84, 897 


19, 179 


5,794 


5,005 


1926 


115,600 


263, 300 


2.06 


14.71 


723, 662 


1, 997, 200 


124, 489 


80, 257 


15, 642 


7,504 


7,556 


1927 


132, 540 


267, 970 


1.62 


14.31 


872, 804 


2, 391, 800 


113,357 


103, 782 


12, 064 


6,725 


8,584 


1928 


141, 650 


270, 850 


1.77 


14.19 


842, 806 


1, 994, 400 


128, 627 


114, 042 


9,539 


4,009 


13, 066 


1929 


151, 470 


323, 720 


1.77 


15.25 


965, 395 


3, 069, 400 


139, 886 


147,429 


16, 547 


4,872 


10, 419 


1930 


158, 920 


407, 950 


1.61 


15.05 


917, 165 


3, 515, 000 


113, 480 


75, 173 


11, 605 


2,916 


5,210 


1931 


160, 810 


296, 120 


1.10 


11.80 


898, 827 


1, 952, 800 


122, 215 


91, 572 


12, 154 


4,621 


3,221 


1932 


159, 840 


280, 510 


1.03 


10.08 


950, 449 


2, 398, 600 


59, 028 


72, 226 


11,405 


4,038 


2,561 


1933 


158, 870 


280, 150 


1.14 


11.39 


865, 808 


2, 162, 600 


* 46, 254 


* 75, 963 


Ul,363 


1, 885 


2,698 


1934 


190, 000 


368, 660 


1.21 


12.03 


1, 116, 975 


2, 851, 400 


77, 160 


76, 286 


12, 233 


1,958 


3,125 


1935 


189, 050 


471, 730 


1.15 


11.73 


1, 100, 439 


3, 400, 400 


82, 504 


64, 985 


8,525 


1,821 


3,451 


1936 5 


187, 880 


411, 770 


1.34 


12.71 


1, 078, 338 


3, 951, 800 

























1 Bushels containing approximately 53 pounds. 

2 Short tons. 

3 Includes "otherwise prepared." 

* Beginning 1933-34, imports for consumption. 
5 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; production figures based on returns from crop reporters and canning 
establishments; imports and exports compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United 
States, June issues. 

Table 274. — Tomatoes, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-82, annual 1935 
and 1936 



Utilization, marketing sea- 
son and State 


Acreage 


Production 


Price for crop of— 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Average 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


For market: 
Fall: 


Acres 
1,930 
2,080 


Acres 
4,500 
4,000 


Acres 
2,800 
4,500 


1,000 
bushels l 
132 
124 


1,000 
bushels i 
225 
204 


1,000 
bushels i 
314 
270 


Dollars 
3.59 
1.85 


Dol- 
lars 
2.80 
1.15 


Dol- 
lars 
3.20 


Texas 


1.25 






Total . 


4,010 


8,500 


7,300 


256 


429 


584 


2.57 


2.02 


2.30 






Early (section 1) : Flor- 


10, 990 

1,320 
17, 030 
9,530 


15, 500 

2,700 

11,000 
10, 000 


11,000 

4,000 
18,800 
12, 400 


1,218 

149 
1,164 

751 


1,829 

324 
660 
650 


990 

540 

1,166 

930 


2.89 

1.92 
2.99 
1.88 


2. 10 

2.35 
2.50 
1.15 


3.50 


Early (section 2): 

California, Im- 


2.60 


Florida, other 

Texas, lower valley 


3.20 

1.05 


Total 


27, 880 


23,700 


35, 200 


2,064 


1,634 


2,636 


2.51 


1.93 


2.32 


Second early: 


1,610 

1,420 
10, 270 

2,460 
19,120 


1,200 

1,600 

9,750 

3,500 

31,000 


3,500 
1,650 
9,800 
4,200 
25,000 


101 
136 

1,309 
203 

1,791 


96 
114 

1,024 
298 

2,015 


105 
132 

1,009 
315 

1,875 


1.45 
1.26 
1.61 
1.51 
1.36 


1.70 
.75 
1.10 

2. GO 
1.20 


1.60 




1.00 


Mississippi 

South Carolina 

Texas, other 


1.15 
2.40 
1.05 


Total 


34,880 


47, 050j 44, 150 3, 540 


3,547 


3,436 1.45; 1.24 


1.22 



See footnotes at end of table. 



204 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 274.' — Tomatoes, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season average 
price per bushel and per ton received by farmers; average 1928-82, annual 1935 
and 1936 — Continued. 



Utilization, marketing 
son and State 



For market— Continued. 
Intermediate: 

Arkansas 

California 

Illinois Union 

County 

Maryland 

Missouri _ 

New Jersey 

North Carolina 

Ohio, southeast 

Tennessee 

Virginia 

Total— .__'. 

Late (section 1): 

California (northern 

district) 

Colorado 

Delaware 

Illinois, other 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kentucky 

Michigan 

New York 

Ohio, other _ 

Oregon 

Pennsjdvania 

Utah 

Washington 

Total 

Late (section 2) : 

California (southern 
district) 

Grand total 



For manufacture: 

New York 

New Jersey-- 
Pennsylvania. 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Arkansas 

Colorado. 

Utah 

California 

Other States * 

Total 



Acreage 



Average 
1928-32 



Acres 
2,970 
1,460 

1,130 
3,660 
4,960 
9,760 
3 1, 550 
1,130 
8,000 
2,590 



36, 910 



1,320 

210 
3,220 
5,770 

460 
1,880 
1.200 
3,100 
1,050 

550 
1,390 

770 
1, 390 



30, 310 



9,5C0 



154, 540 



12, 620 

33, 800 

4,740 

10, 670 

62, 940 

5,420 

2,030 

5,500 

20, 310 

12, 680 

39, 780 

16, 180 

6,110 

10, 500 

21, 000 

2,130 

5,850 

35, 340 

8,230 



1935 



Acres 
3.000 
6,900 

800 

3, 900 
6,400 

12,000 
2,100 
1,200 

10. 600 
5,000 



51, 900 



4,550 
1,610 

220 
4.000 
5, 200 

600 
1,500 
3,000 
8,000 
1,700 

920 
1,700 

800 
1,500 



35,300 



100 



189, 050 



19, 000 
32, 600 
11, 300 

17, 000 
97, 300 

13, 800 
3,750 
7,000 

18, COO 

14, 400 
64, 300 
27, 100 

7, 

10, 400 
22, 000 
3,200 
6,200 
69, 650 
26, 830 



315,830 471,730 



1936 



Acres 
2.400 
8,900 

750 
5,800 
5,000 
10, 500 
2,300 
1,180 
7,700 
3,500 



48, 030 



5,550 
1,900 

200 
1,000 
5,600 

700 
2,500 
3,200 
7,200 

1.000 
2,000 
1,000 
1,600 



35. 050 



7,150 



187, 880 



18, 400 
33, 000 

13, 700 

17, 500 

93, 400 

12, 100 

4,400 

4,400 

3,800 

13,000 

55, 000 

17, 300 

3,800 

6,300 

4,600 

3,600 

6,800 

76, 120 

24,550 



Production 



Average iq ^ 
1928-32 ' iy6 ° 



1,000 
bushels 1 

2 211 

233 

85 
482 
535 
1,856 
3 68 
208 
924 
2 349 



2 4, 938 



S91 

381 

27 

289 

GS0 
55 
177 
197 
674 
177 
131 
244 
111 
347 



4,387 



SCO 



Short 

tons 
83, 200 

181, 900 
18, 000 
60, 400 

247, 200 
19, 700 
11, 500 
21, 600 
43, 500 

43, 600 
139, 300 

44, 800 
16, 300 
22,600 
47, 800 
15, 400 
50, 900 

198, 100 
27, 400 



1,000 
bushels i 
240 
1,242 

16 

585 

768 

2,400 

84 

252 

1,219 

500 



464 
451 

29 
220 
520 

54 
150 
420 
1,720 
289 
175 
272 

75 
270 



5,109 



20, 763 



Short 

tons 

131, 100 

163, 000 
52, 000 
81, 600 

321, 100 
33, 100 
15,800 
11, 200 
18, 000 
49, 000 

225, 000 
97, 600 
15, 800 
21, 800 
24, 200 
17, 000 
31, 600 

313, 400 
77, 900 



1936 



1,000 
bushels i 
144 
1,691 

22 

1,160 

200 

2,310 

69 

112 

693 

420 



6,821 



555 
475 

25 

30 
560 

35 
162 
480 
1,332 
240 
225 
430 

88 
384 



5,021 



S5S 



20, 346 



Short 
tons 
121, 400 
244, 200 

93, 200 

78, 800 
373, 600 

27, 800 

28,200 
9,200 
1,100 

61, 100 
297, 000 

55, 400 
5,700 

10, 100 
2,300 

22, 700 

58, 500 
418, 700 

66, 900 



Price for crop of- 



Average 
1928-32 



Dollars 
1.08 
1.38 

1.52 

.78 

.97 

.87 

3 1.44 

1.88 

1.23 

.87 



1.02 



.72 
.60 

1.01 
.80 
.84 
.94 
.97 
.85 
.86 

1.10 
.92 
.51 

1.02 



1935 



Dol- 
lars 
.90 
1.30 

1.25 
.45 
.80 
.45 
1.40 
1.50 
.70 



as 



1.57 



13. 90 
17.90 
14.40 
10.60 
11.50 
12.20 
10.40 
12.00 
11.80 

14. 60 
14.20 
12.60 
11.10 
11.20 
11.80 
10.30 
10.30 
13.70 
12.13 



411,770 1,293,200 1,700,200 1,975,900, 13.27 11.73 12,71 

i 



1.70 
.60 
.50 
.75 
.75 
.70 
.80 
.75 
.60 
.70 

1.25 

1,10 
.70 

1.00 



,82 



1.60 



1.15 



11.60 
14.50 
13.40 

9.70 
10.60 
12.80 

8.60 
10.00 
10.00 
13,20 
12.50 
11.70 
10.00 
10.80 
10.70 
10.20 
10.40 
11.50 
12.35 



Dol- 
lars 
1.10 
1.50 

1.10 
.80 

1.20 
.55 

1.85 

1.75 
.90 
.70 



.94 



1.85 
.70 
.65 
.55 

1.00 
.90 

1.00 

1.00 
.55 
.70 
.85 
.65 
.65 
.80 



87 



1.65 



1.34 



11.40 
14.80 
14.40 
10.50 
11.60 
13.40 
10.60 
13.49 
12.00 
14.80 
13.10 
12.50 
9.80 
12.70 
11. 00 
10.20 
10.80 
13.20 
10.69 



i Bushels containing approximately 53 pounds. 

' Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: Arkansas, 98,000 bushels 
in 1931 and 50,000 in 1932; Virginia, 70,000 bushels in 1931. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

3 Short-time average. 

* Other States includes Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, 
Mississippi, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Wash- 
ington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters and canning estab- 
lishments. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 205 

Table 275. — Tomatoes: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1926-36 



State 


Calendar year l 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 2 




Cars 

656 

2,006 

1,065 

1,514 

422 

259 

454 

12 

449 

4,351 

281 

28 

2,374 

3,492 

2,890 

27 

272 

35 

4,440 

1,041 


Cars 
951 

1,329 

1,125 

1,132 

270 

586 

360 

21 

187 

9,737 

240 

8 

2,016 

4,849 

3,393 

20 

883 

95 

4,620 

842 


Cars 

1,112 

678 

926 

799 

240 

613 

277 

3 

161 

8,491 

389 

~2~759~ 

3,230 

4,435 

59 

899 

143 

4,475 

706 


Cars 

838 

694 

1,020 

1,631 

237 

775 

488 

2 

348 

8,038 

300 

6 

2,317 

4,099 

5,338 

55 

740 

215 

4,241 

820 


Cars 

514 

842 

1,007 

2,217 

316 

554 

243 

118 

461 

6,495 

318 

10 

2,496 

3,451 

7,546 

138 

342 

336 

5,458 

716 


Cars 
774 
52 

1,360 
683 
339 
373 
166 
158 
348 

5,435 

217 

13 

2,038 

2,683 

8,774 
195 
323 
252 

3,403 
260 


Cars 

463 

17 

960 

279 

139 

313 

147 

162 

235 

6,284 

228 

57 

2,026 

2,869 

4,108 

67 

198 

78 

4,307 

270 


Cars 

408 

11 

679 

148 

53 

267 

61 

83 

162 

6,201 

62 

235 

1,429 

2,408 

6,346 

30 

282 

100 

3,727 

207 


Cars 

564 

5 

625 

28 

60 

267 

83 

66 

153 

7,705 

92 

322 

1,702 

3,012 

6,061 

53 

337 

142 

3,661 

212 


Cars 

510 

8 

835 

77 

2 

361 

46 

79 

604 

7,175 

208 

228 

2,170 

2,355 

4,790 

25 

276 

31 

3,161 

382 


Cars 
293 


New Jersey 

Ohio 


14 

1,935 

38 


Indiana 


Illinois 


11 




739 


Virginia. ... ... ... 


373 


North Carolina 

South Carolina. 

Florida 


68 

761 

6,049 




193 




229 




1,340 


Mississippi . ... 


2,331 




5,202 
81 




Utah 


271 


Washington. 


208 




3,881 


Other States 


1,218 






Total 


26, 068 


32, 664 


30, 395 


32, 202 


33, 578 


27, 846 


23, 207 


22, 899 


25, 150 


23, 323 


25, 235 







1 Figures for Florida, Texas, and California include shipments for months preceding or following the 
regular crop-movement season. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 276. — Tomatoes, canned: Pack 1 in the United States, 1925-31 and 1933-36 2 















Season 












State 


1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 




1,000 

cases 

664 

714 

577 

306 

3,337 

3,134 

2,171 

10, 541 

3 1,942 

469 

652 

1,994 

«527 

2,310 

3,139 

1,270 


1,000 

cases 

516 

348 

202 

205 

1,536 

1,528 

389 

3,245 

3 976 

381 

478 

953 

»312 

401 

4,006 

664 


1,000 

cases 

512 

433 

285 

322 

1,931 

1,033 

1,412 

6,266 

1,807 

431 

629 

1,157 

217 

1,352 

3, 853 

785 


1,000 

cases 
446 
161 
162 
212 

1,046 
676 
555 

2,937 
795 
190 
272 

1,047 
269 

1,577 

3,399 
831 


1,000 

cases 

562 

438 

208 

262 

1,936 

1,061 

1,453 

6,914 

1,568 

284 

507 

1,312 

334 

1,310 

4,799 

1,198 


1,000 

cases 

797 

607 

257 

732 

3,463 

1,840 

1,289 

6,435 

1,397 

275 

885 

1,793 

499 

1,346 

5,906 

1,494 


1,000 

cases 

848 

245 

272 

519 

2,034 

885 

581 

2,918 

867 

275 

536 

1,299 

387 

1,754 

1,474 

1,447 


1,000 

cases 

829 

189 

312 

729 

2,876 

2,639 

455 

4,500 

3 1,668 

{ 832 

( 4 ) 

219 

948 

2,684 

1,581 


1,000 

cases 

1,259 

216 

400 

890 

3,487 

228 

685 

6, 165 

3 1,716 

759 

(*) 

( 6 ) 

716 

4,400 

1,455 


1,000 

cases 

1,145 

262 

531 

841 

3,587 

1,594 

770 

6,894 

3 3,144 

1,160 

(*) 

361 

725 

4,112 

1,859 


1,000 
cases 
721 




293 




779 


Ohio 


841 




3,010 




98 




573 




7,313 


Virginia. . 


3 1, 750 


Kentucky. .. 


552 






(*) 


Colorado 


459 


Utah 


1,209 




4,715 


Other States 


1,666 






United States. _ 


33, 747 


16, 140 


22, 425 


14,575 


24, 146 


29, 015 


16, 341 


20, 461 


22, 376 


26, 985 


23, 979 



1 Stated in cases of 24 no. 2 cans. 
8 No comparable figures for 1932. 

3 Includes West Virginia. 

4 Included in Missouri. 
8 Includes Washington. 

• Included in "Other States." 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
Bureau of Census, 1927-29; Foodstuffs 



Compiled from National Canners' Association, 1925-26 and 1933-30; 
Division, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 1930 and 1931. 



206 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 277. — Walnuts, Persian (English): Production and season average -price per 
ton received by farmers, California and Oregon, 





California 


Oregon 


Year 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Farm 
value 


Produc- 
tion 


Price 


Farm 
value 


1926 


Short tons 
15, 000 
51,000 
25, 000 
39, 000 
30, 000 
29, 000 
45, 500 
32, 000 
43, 000 
52, 000 
41, 500 


Dollars 
480 
330 
420 
320 
410 
233 
174 
222 
187 
202 
195 


1 ,000 dollars 
7,200 
16, 830 
10, 500 
12, 480 
12, 300 
6,757 
7,917 
7,104 
8,041 
10, 504 
8,092 


Short tons 

900 

800 

1,500 

1,250 

700 

2,000 

3,000 

1,000 

2,000 

3,200 

1,400 


Dollars 
500 
360 
440 
360 
400 
275 
240 
280 
250 
230 
255 


1,000 dollars 
450 


1927— 


288 


1928.— 


660 


1929 


450 


1930 


280 


1931— - 


550 


1932—. 


720 


1933 


280 


1934 


500 


1935 


736 


1936 1 


357 







• Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. California data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 165. 

Table 278.- — Watermelons, commercial crop: Acreage, production, and season 
average price per 1,000 melons received by farmers; average 1928-82, annual 
1935 and 1936 





Acreage 


Production 


Price « 


for crop of — 


Group and State 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Aver- 
age 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 


Early: 

California, Imperial 


Acres 

8,460 

33, 000 


Acres 

6,000 

20, 000 


Acres 
7,500 
16, 000 


1,000 

melons 
2 5, 932 
2 9, 270 


1,000 

melons 

3,900 

6,600 


1,000 

melons 

4,462 

4,480 


Dol- 
lars 
109 

237 


Dol- 
lars 
162 
110 


Dol- 
lars 
140 
200 






Total. 


41,460 


26,000 


23, 500 


2 15, 202 


10, 500 


8, 942 


188 


129 


170 






Second early: 


8,550 

1,220 

72, 830 


10, 200 
1,640 
81, 000 
800 
8,000 
11,200 
22, 000 
52, 000 


10, 400 
1,600 
60, 000 
2,000 
12, 400 
12,800 
20, 000 
50, 000 


2,734 

409 

2 21,520 

"""493' 
2,033 
4,451 

2 8, 218 


2 2, 550 

541 

2 17, 820 

200 

21,960 

2,800 

2 4,840 

5,460 


3,120 
496 
12, 600 
600 
3,100 
2,560 
2 5,100 
6,250 


95 
190 

95 

147" 
115 
95 
143 


58 
200 
50 
90 
95 
120 
92 
140 


120 




200 


Georgia _. . .. 


130 




100 




1,640 
9, 150 
15, 660 
42, 180 


110 




130 




145 


Texas 


120 






Total 


151,230 


186, 840 


169, 200 


2 39, 858 


2 36,171 


2 33,826 


107 


81 


128 






Late: 

Arkansas . - 


3,880 
8,760 
900 
840 
4,410 
4,790 
1,970 
1,640 
6,910 
1,330 
5.580 
M10 
2,970 
1,010 


5,200 
9,400 
1,040 
2,100 
6,300 
7,000 
2,000 
2,650 
10, 800 
2,100 
5,000 
700 
4,700 
1,200 


5,300 
9,200 
1,200 
2,100 
6,600 
8,000 
1,500 
2,700 
14,000 
1,500 
5,400 
800 
4,400 
1,200 


1,054 

2 6, 435 

280 

294 

1, 185 

1,457 

476 

551 

1,723 

604 

1,159 

3 152 

1,034 

341 


1,196 

6,298 

354 

735 

1,764 

1,260 

400 

795 

2,700 

1,029 

1,250 

245 

1,762 

420 


1,192 

6,762 
396 
788 

1,386 

1,760 
165 
878 

3,780 
750 
756 
304 

1,210 
444 


132 
97 
145 
127 
140 
130 
140 
119 
120 
212 
123 
3 149 
139 
177 


100 
132 
100 
80 
105 
75 
75 
75 
100 
120 
105 
75 
90 
100 


100 




120 


Colorado . 


150 




100 




115 




110 




170 




100 




90 




120 




100 




100 




90 




115 






Total -- 


45, 310 


60, 190 


63, 900 


2 16, 714 


20, 208 


20, 571 


120 


107 


109 




238, 000 


273, 030 


256, 600 


2 71,774 


2 66,879 


2 63,339 


127 


97 


128 







1 Price per 1,000 melons. 

2 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions: California, Imperial, 1,302,000 
melons in 1932; Florida, 937,000 melons in 1930; Alabama, 150,000 melons in 1935; Georgia, 4,740,000 melons 
in 1930; 3,325,000 in 1932, and 1,600,000 in 1935; Mississippi, 147,000 melons in 1935; South Carolina, 840,000 
melons in 1935, and 200,000 in 1936; Texas, 1,761,000 melons in 1931 and 2,486,000 in 1932; California, other, 
1,550,000 melons in 1932. Price refers to harvested portion of crop. 

3 Short-time average. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; estimates based on returns from crop reporters. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 207 

Table 279. — Watermelons: Carlot shipments, United States, by months, 1927-36 



Season 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Total 


1927 


Cars 
4 


Cars 

1,713 

508 

3,498 

386 

121 

696 

1,637 

1,181 

1,149 

210 


Cars 
15, 255 
10,410 
22,047 
17, 830 
16,282 
11, 534 
7,967 
10, 634 
13,181 
10, 684 


Cars 

20, 898 
24, 937 
18, 287 
29,028 
23, 733 
13, 966 
13, 824 
11, 752 
13,066 
13,409 


Cars 
6,262 

11, 408 
7,582 

10, 306 

10, 344 
5,274 
5,382 
4,628 
3,814 
5,912 


Cars 

1,261 

1,183 

1,007 

1,359 

1,593 

655 

919 

330 

597 

269 


Cars 
67 
50 
57 
102 
58 
21 
20 

6 
15 

6 


Cars 


Cars 

45, 460 
48, 497 
52, 514 
59 011 


1928—. 


1929 

1930. . 


36 


1931 




52 131 


1932. .. 


2 
3 


32, 148 
29 752 


1933 


1934__ 


28, 531 
31, 823 
30, 490 


1935. _ 


1 


1936 > 







1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlcts include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 

Table 280. — Watermelons: Carlot shipments, by State of origin, 1927-36 l 



State 



Indiana 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina.- 
South Carolina.. _ 

Georgia 

Florida 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Washington 

California 

Other States 

Total 



1927 



Cars 
45 
107 
533 
161 
294 

1,144 

4,031 
16, 762 

8,485 

1,379 
182 
321 
429 

5,619 
200 

5,221 
547 



45, 460 



1928 



Cars 
322 
123 
851 
208 
488 

1,252 

3,822 
17, 558 

9,195 
769 
197 
347 
513 

6,450 
261 

5,589 
552 



48, 497 



1929 



Cars 
299 
83 

1,039 
210 
487 
758 

3,494 
21, 882 
10, 479 
722 
251 
439 
538 

4,460 
307 

6,366 
700 



52, 514 



1930 



Cars 
102 
100 

1,405 
311 
510 

1,769 

5,018 
25, 998 

8,682 

1,056 
206 
270 
511 

6,050 
239 

6,282 
502 



59, 011 



1931 



Cars 
305 
109 

2,641 
620 
935 

2,486 

4,206 
18, 545 

9,561 
978 
139 
312 
244 

4,107 
192 

6,241 
510 



52, 131 



1932 



Cars 

32 

60 

1,770 

462 

961 

1,628 

3,617 

9,001 

5,364 

874 

35 

173 

73 

3,159 

140 

4,343 



32, 148 



1933 



Cars 

16 

82 

2,351 

370 

1,047 

1,705 

4,397 

9,291 

4,241 

542 

34 

135 

42 

2,272 

66 

2,822 

339 



29, 752 



1934 



Cars 

110 

43 

2,632 

333 

922 

1,239 

2,349 

8,965 

3,862 

971 

286 

193 

6 

2,208 

152 

3,958 

302 



1935 



Cars 

9 

12 

1,386 

338 

847 

1,389 

3,351 

12, 169 

5,836 

715 

421 

232 

10 

1,739 

51 

3,073 

245 



Cars 

13 

64 

3,190 

237 

567 

1,243 

4,20S 

8.895 

4,007 

784 

1,014 

386 

22 

1,670 

98 

3,649 

443 



28,531 ! 31,823 



30, 490 



1 Crop-movement season extends from Apr. 1 through November of a given year. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from daily and monthly reports received by the Bureau 
from officials and local agents of common carriers throughout the country. 

Shipments as shown in carlots include those by boat reduced to carlot basis. Shipments by truck not 
included. 



130180—37- 



-14 



208 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



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STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



209 



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210 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 282. — Fruits and vegetables: Motortruck receipts of 25 specific commodities 
and a miscellaneous group, as reported at seven markets, 1936 l 



Commodity- 



Apples 

Beans (snap and lima). 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 3 

Carrots 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Cumcumbers 

Grapefruit 



Lemons 

Lettuce 

Onions 

Oranges 

Peaches 

Pears 

Peas, green — 

Plums 

Potatoes - 

Spinach 

Strawberries. . 
Sweetpotatoes. 

Tangerines 

Tomatoes 

Watermelons- 
Others. 



Total, 1936. 
Total, 1935. 



Boston 2 



Equiva- 
lent 
car lots 
1,943 
849 
750 
177 
1,060 
771 
757 
386 
21 
44 
2 
920 
545 



176 
42 

41 



821 
1,228 



891 

11 

4,378 



16, 326 
14, 974 



New 
York 2 



Equiva- 
lent 

carlots 
4,667 
3,887 
3,985 
1,666 
1,413 
2,101 
1,847 
1,177 
5 
139 



2,894 

2,912 

1 

1,540 

237 

1,008 

8 

7,498 

3,489 

900 
2,424 



3,784 

123 

23, 556 



71, 261 
65, 259 



Phila- 
delphia 



Equiva- 
lent 
carlots 
2,538 
2,219 
1,508 
1,099 
604 
613 
731 
663 
29 
150 
4 
343 
765 
35 
1,331 
124 
441 
4 
4,396 
1,158 
845 
2,269 
3 
2,266 
706 
6,426 



31, 270 



Atlanta 2 



Equiva- 
lent 
carlots 
319 
1,380 
1,109 
1,005 
32 
1 
43 
82 
359 



222 
697 
623 
211 

<247 

3 

385 

72 

71 

451 

81 

821 

1,122 

1,838 



11, 183 



Kansas 
City 2 



Equiva- 
lent 
carlots 
158 
131 
71 
132 
36 
5 



103 
29 



191 
123 
73 



153 
54 

535 



2,055 
2,669 



Los 

Angles 2 



Equiva- 
lent 
carlo's 

996 
1,694 
1,856 
2,779 
2,417 
2,265 
4,721 

570 
1,140 
1,537 
1,785 
6,053 

865 
3,771 
1,769 

560 
1,573 

322 
2,486 
1,305 

571 

656 

104 
4,309 
1,320 
9,638 



57, 062 
53, 726 



San Fran- 
cisco 3 



Equiva- 
lent 

carlots 
474 
327 
480 
811 
586 
796 
860 
112 



299 



1,945 

203 

11 

415 

116 

648 

80 

236 

500 

315 

155 

12 

885 

177 

3,747 



14, 190 
14, 038 



1 Preliminary. 

2 The reported truck receipts as here shown are estimated to represent approximately the following per- 
centages of total truck receipts in these cities: Boston, 95 percent; New York, 85 percent; Philadelphia, 95 
percent; Atlanta, Kansas City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco, each 90 percent. Reports for Philadelphia 
not available prior to 1936. 

3 Includes Casaba, Honey Ball, Honey Dew, and Persian melons. 
« Includes 216 cars of field peas. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports made by local dealers and others to the 
Bureau market-news representatives in these cities. 



Table 283. — Frozen and 



fruits: Cold-storage holdings, United States, 
■27 to 1936-37 



Year 


June 1 


Julyl 


Aug. 1 


Sept. 1 


Oct. 1 


Nov. 1 


Dec. 1 


Jan. 1 


Feb.l 


Mar. 1 


Apr.l 


May 1 


1926-27 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 


1,000 

lb. 
23, 347 

41, 075 
38, 372 

42, 285 
35, 854 
66, 358 
69, 068 
51, 922 
53, 512 

43, 840 
57, 096 


1,000 

lb. 
39, 421 
57, 670 
60, 916 
56, 539 
44, 795 
88, 979 
90, 323 
60, 029 
63, 614 
65, 260 
72, 113 


1,000 
lb. 
50, 941 
62, 974 
83, 22S 
64, 863 
73, 360 
110, 223 
92, 717 
69, 275 
76, 056 
82,364 
86,400 


1,000 
lb. 
59, 825 
65, 352 
79, 211 
64, 993 
81, 734 
107, 271 
91, 908 
67, 631 
71, 536 
91, 445 
81, 017 


1,000 

lb. 
57, 990 
62, 412 
79, 457 
61, 348 
81, 178 
103, 427 
87, 302 
64, 877 
71,134 
85, 912 
77, 258 


1,000 

lb. 
56, 088 
61, 840 
77, 274 
61, 752 
80, 049 
99, 234 
83, 579 
65, 088 
70, 316 
86, 602 
79, 272 


1,000 

lb. 
54, 189 

56, 971 
73, 195 

57, 860 
76, 737 
96, 074 
79, 651 
61,713 
67, 712 
83, 284 
75, 254 


1,000 

lb. 
50, 773 
54, 661 
68, 725 
54, 942 
74, 845 
92, 305 
74, 595 
59, 926 
62, 769 
81, 145 


1,000 

lb. 
48, 921 
52, 196 
60, 216 
48, 085 
70, 646 
88, 819 
70, 184 
55, 434 
58, 278 
75, 463 


1,000 

lb. 
45, 716 
43, 945 
53, 310 
41, 723 
66, 636 
82, 283 
63, 613 
49, 164 
50, 540 
68, 253 


1,000 

lb. 
43, 455 
40. 137 
48, 570 
38, 554 
60, 822 
78, 162 
58, 983 
46, 180 
47, 748 
63, 696 


1,000 

lb. 
39, 147 
36, 659 
41,392 
32, 535 
56, 740 
72. 194 
51, 861 
39, 993 


1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


40, 929 
54, 869 



















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports made by cold-storage establishments. 

Beginning with the report for Jan. 1, 1937, these figures on cold-storage holdings of frozen and preserved 
fruits are segregated into the following classes: Strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and other fruits. Of the 
total 70,622,000 pounds in cold storage on Jan. 1, about 16 percent were strawberries, 3 percent blueberries, 14 
percent cherries, and the remaining 67 percent other fruits. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



211 



Table 284. — Fruits and vegetables from foreign countries and from. Insular posses- 
sions inspected under the provisions of quarantines administered by the Bureau of 
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, July 1, 1935, to June 30, 1936 






Kind 


Unit 


Imports 




Receipts from 
possessions l 


Total 


Country and quantity 


"otal 


Puerto 
Rico 


Hawaii 


Apples 


Pound. . 
—do 


Argentina 4,077; Chile 390; 

Denmark 100. 
Chile 14,102 


4,567 

14, 102 

1,625 

154, 022 

5 

73,400 

9, 582, 065 

19,206 

52, 972, 203 

116 

6, 599, 817 

1, 119, 836 

185, 564 

2,062 

3, 155, 369 

1, 517, 746 

1,216 

225 

28, 073 

311 
540, 123 
190, 116 

2,516 
3,697 

"""21,"886 

45, 172 

6,439 

49, 737 

1, 831, 741 

17, 834 

668 

299 

3 

220 

2, 520, 324 
1, 573, 824 

8, 646, 607 
1, 292, 151 

226 

6, 885, 882 

150 
395, 847 






4 567 


Apricots.. .. . . 






14 102 


Aralia cordata 


-.do 


Japan 1,625 






1 625 


Arrowhead 


...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

..-do 


China 153,997; Japan 25 

Mexico 5 




100 


154, 122 
5 


Artichokes, Jerusalem 




Asparagus . ... 


Argentina 73,366; Mexico 34 

Cuba 9,532,261; Mexico (seeds 
removed) 49,804. 

Cuba 16,887; Mexico 2,319 

British Honduras 441,974; Co- 
lombia 3,885,027; Costa Rica 
3,449,882; Cuba 4,603,814; 
Dominican Republic 7,786; 
Ecuador 1,356,455; Guate- 
mala 6,455,280; Haiti 534,225; 
Honduras 9,688,024; Jamaica 
441,421; Mexico 13,338,814; 
Nicaragua 2,245,473; Panama 
6,524,024; Virgin Islands 3; 
Venezuela 1. 

Mexico 116 




2,600 


76 000 


Avocados . 


610 


9, 582, 675 


Balsamapples. . . 




19 206 


Bananas 


Bunch.. 

Pound.. 

...do 

...do.... 
...do 


105 


117, 264 


53, 089, 572 
116 


Beans (green) : 

Faba 


Lima 


Cuba 6,571,506; Mexico 28,311. 

Cuba 490; Mexico 1,119,346 

Mexico 185,564 


3,710 
122, 395 




6, 603, 527 


String 




1, 242, 231 


Beets 




185 564 


Berries: 

Rubus ... 


...do.... 
...do 


Mexico 8; Norway 2,054 

England 364; Newfoundland 
3,155,005. 

Estonia 290,966; Newfound- 
land 1,226,330; Norway 110; 
Sweden 340. 

Cuba 1,216 






2,062 
3, 155, 369 


Vaccinium. 

Frozen .. 






Natural . 


— do__._ 
— do.... 

...do 

...do 

-.do 

...do 

—do 

...do 

...do 

—do 

...do 

...do 

— do...- 
— do.... 

-..do 

-..do 

...do 

do. 






1, 517, 746 


Breadfruit 


14, 855 




16, 071 


Brussels sprouts 


Mexico 9; Netherlands 216 

Cuba 383; Dominican Repub- 
lic 322; Mexico 27,368. 
Costa Rica 176; Trinidad 135.. 
Mexico 540, 123 ... 




225 


Cabbage ... 


2,820 




30. 893 


Cacao bean pods 




311 




2,300 
390 




542, 423 


Cassava 


Cuba 190,066; Dominican Re- 
public 50. 
Mexico 2,516 


125 


190, 631 
2,516 


Celery 


Bermuda 3,560; Cuba 29; Mex- 
ico 108. 

" Cuba"l9~ 243; Mexico 2,643™" 

Yugoslavia 45,172 






3,697 

10, 372 
59,706 

45, 172 


Celery roots 

Chayotes 


10, 372 




37, 820 




Cherries: 




Fresh 


Argentina 440; Chile 5,999 

Cuba 48,757; Mexico 980 

Italy 441; Morocco 1,831,300... 
Albania 1,625; Italy 1,620; Pal- 
estine 14,589. 
Mexico 668 






6,439 








49, 737 








1,831,741 




1,880 




19,714 


Clover tops... 




668 




Mexico 299 






299 




— do____ 
... do_. 








3 




Belgium 220 






220 


Cucumbers 

Dasheens (includes 

colocasia, inhame. 

malanga taro, and 

yautia). 
Eggplants. 


— do 

.do 

...do 

do 


Cuba 2,502,760; Mexico 17,564.. 
Azores 258,745; China 331,978; 
Cuba 128,477; Do minican 

Republic 767,973; Honduras 

25; Japan 86,510; Mexico 116. 
Cuba 8,333,149; Jamaica 1,472; 

Mexico 311,986. 
Belgium 1,266,486; Netherlands 

25,665. 
Cuba 226 


2, 695, 692 
252, 703 

18, 660 


"28," 886 


5, 216, 016 
1, 855, 413 

8, 665, 267 




1, 292, 151 


Euphorbia longana... 


...do 

-.-do 

...do 

...do 






226 


Canary Islands 2,976; Chile 
2,150,461; China 5,550; Cuba 
15; Japan 910; Mexico 2,813,- 
498; New Zealand 10,080; 
Spain 1,902,392. 

Cuba 150 .- --. 






6, S85, 882 


Genips (Melicocca bi- 

juga) . 
Ginger (crude) 


4,971 
92,971 




5,121 


China 386,008; Cuba 9,536; 
Japan 300; Mexico 3. 


51,001 


539,819 



See footnotes at end of table. 



212 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 284. — Fruits and vegetables from foreign countries and from Insular posses- 
sions inspected under the provisions of quarantines administered by the Bureau of 
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, July 1, 1935, to June SO, 1986 — Continued 



Kind 


Unit 


Imports 


Receipts from 

possessions i 


Total 


Country and quantity 


Total 


Puerto 
Rico 


Hawaii 


Grapes: 

Fresh (not hot- 


...do 

...do 

-.do 

...do 

-..do..... 

-.do 

-.do 

...do 

...do 

-.do 

...do 


Argentina 11,339,949; Chile 
1,063,634; Mexico 8,900; Spain 
170,936.2 

Belgium 88,253; England 55... 

Italy 6,600 


12,583,419 

88, 308 

6,600 

4, 063, 042 

10, 102 
316 

146, 940 

716 

63, 127 

6, 396, 221 






12, 583, 419 


house) . 
Hothouse 






88, 30S 


Processed.. 






6,600 


Grapefruit 


Cuba 4,038,166; Haiti 24,836; 

Jamaica 40. 
Mexico 10,102 


32, 154, 560 




36, 217, 602 


Husk tomatoes 




10, 102 


Japanese horseradish 


Japan 316 






316 


Kale 


Bermuda 146,940- .-. . 






146, 940 


Kohlrabi. 


Cuba 150; Mexico 566 






716 


Kudzu . - 


China 62,632; Cuba 495 

Argentina 1; Guatemala 100; 

Honduras 450; Italy 6,395,- 

670. 




25 


63, 152 


Lemons 


90 
1,225 


6,396,311 


Lerenes 




1,225 




...do.... 


Mexico 42,831. 


42, 831 

25, 115 

12, 068, 523 

134 
335 

5, 647, 091 

330 

147, 780 

652, 328 

25 

882 

11, 435, 966 
16, 067, 205 

1, 840, 561 
4, 179, 103 

2, 303, 797 

7,870 

142, 509 

10, 725 

3, 000, 693 

131,377 

757, 576 

11,408,220 




42, 831 


Lily bulbs (edible) . 


...do 

...do 

—do 

... do.._ .. 

—do 

—do 

-.do 

—do 

--.do 

—do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

-.do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

..-do 

...do 

—do 

...do 

...do 

do 


China 25,065; Japan 50 

Antieua 1.200; British Hondu- 
ras 50; Costa Rica 890; Cuba 
139,441; Dominica 515,927; 
Dominican Republic 141,- 
366; Grenada 3,600; Guate- 
mala 20; Haiti 20,117; Hon- 
duras 8,190; Jamaica 517,498; 
Mexico 9,620,374; Montser- 
rat 172,650; St. Lucia 837,390; 
Trinidad 72,808; Virgin Is- 
lands 17,002. 

Cuba 134 






25, 115 




132, 490 




12, 201, 013 






134 


Mangoes (frozen, seed 


Philippine Islands 335 - 






335 


removed) . 


Argentina 114,356; Chile 4,001,- 
676; Mexico 341,630; Peru 
13,206; Spain 1,176,223. 

Cuba 290; Mexico 40 






5,647,091 


Mint 






330 




Cuba 46,382; Mexico 101,398... 
Chile 652,328 






147, 780 








652, 328 










25 


Nopales 

Nuts: 


Mexico 882 ... . — 






882 


Albania 384,990; Greece 620,- 
163; Turkey 10,430,813. 

China 66,420; Italy 13,976,329; 
Japan 503,153; Portugal 
1,344,175; Spain 177,128. 

Cuba 1,797,452; Mexico 43,109. 

Australia 209,190; Bermuda 
710; Chile 607,604; China 
300; Italy 2,789,065; Jamaica 
40; Japan 330; Mexico 142,- 
715; Netherlands 40,320; 
Portugal 500; Spain 387,799; 
Virgin Islands 530. 

Japan 2,303,797. 






11,435,966 








16, 067, 205 


Okra 


3.42S 




1,843,989 






4, 179, 103 


Oranges: 


26, 100 
3S 1,780 
14, 624 
24, 555 
35, 175 




2, 329, 897 


Other 


Cuba 7,870 




389, 650 


Papayas... 

Parsley.- 


Cuba 142,509 




157, 133 


Mexico 1^,725* 




35,280 


Cuba 3,253; Mexico 2,997,440- 
Argentine 26,026; Chile 105,351. 
Argentina 638,406; Chile 119,170 
Bahamas 180; Cuba 5,745,336; 

Haiti 120; Mexico 5,662,484; 

Virgin Islands 100. 




3, 035, 868 






131,377 








757, 576 


Peppers 


314, 770 
142, 205 




11,722,990 




142, 205 




do 




897 
932, 538 




897 


Pineapples 


Crate... 


Antigua 1; British Honduras 
3; Costa Rica 1,196; Cuba 
767,636; Dominica 78; Do- 
minican Republic 852; Haiti 
158; Honduras 190; Mexico 
162,424. 


479,713 


64, 109 


1, 476, 360 







See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 



213 



Table 284.— -Fruits and vegetables from foreign countries and from Insular posses- 
sions inspected under the provisions of quarantines administered by the Bureau of 
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, July 1, 1935, to June 30, 1936 — Continued 



Kind 


Unit 


Imports 


Receipts from 

possessions i 




Country and quantity 


Total 


Puerto 
Rico 


Hawaii 


Total 


Plantains... 


Pound. . 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

.. do... . 


British Guiana 100; British 
Honduras 234,145; Costa 
Rica 15,770; Cuba 3,330,012; 
Dominican Republic 6,732,- 
S45; Guatemala 300; Haiti 
1,158; Honduras 229,205; 
Mexico 293,554; Panama 
366,640; Venezuela 104,250. 

Argentina 33,323; Chile 78,759.. 

Bermuda 1,061,427; Canary 
Islands 40,176; Cuba 2,650,- 
355; Mexico 162,525; Spain 
36,927. 

Mexico 2,840 

Cuba 166,230; Dominican Re- 
public 100,901; Mexico 16,259. 

Mexico 1,656 


11, 307, 979 

112, 082 
3,951,410 

2,840 
283, 390 

1,656 

169, 797 

5 

1, 466, 422 

2,985 
67, 615 
197, 746 
19,878 


110,195 




11,418 174 


Plums 




112,082 


Potatoes 

Pricklypears 


24,600 


2, 035, 458 


6,011,468 
2,840 


Pumpkins 


202, 518 




485, 908 


Purslane . 




1,656 


Radishes 


Cuba 24,244; Mexico 145,553 ... 
Mexico 5 






169, 797 


Rhubarb 




5 


St. Johns bread -- - 


Cyprus 1,108,637; Greece 324,- 
651; Italy 33,034; Portugal 
90; Spain 10. 

Mexico 2,985 






1, 466, 422 


Salsify - 






2,985 


Spinach 


Cuba 93; Mexico 67,522 

Cuba 57,724; Mexico 140,022... 
Cuba 10; Mexico 19,868 






67, 615 




149, 150 




346, 896 


Strawberries 




19, 878 






9,730 


9,730 




...do.... 
...do 

—do 

. do .- 


Mexico 47,147 


47, 147 

8,300 

25, 752 

132, 569 

85, 621, 274 

281, 732 
80 

13,420 

2, 075, 458 

5,135 
61,013 
18 
524, 955 
43, 571 
33, 720 


650 


47, 797 


Sweetpotatoes 3 


China 8,300 




8,300 








25, 752 


Tamarinds, . 


Antigua 78,879; Cuba 350; In- 
dia 33,600; Mexico 8,339; 
Montserrat 3,696; St. Lucia 
7,705. 

Bahamas 22,777; Costa Rica 
15,519; Cuba 42,891,501; Haiti 
660; Mexico 42,571,509; Vir- 
gin Islands 119,308. 

Cuba 19,788; Mexico 261,944 ... 

Netherlands 80 


6,005 
112, 175 




138, 574 




...do 

.. do.... 




85, 733, 449 


Turnips .. 




281, 732 


Walnuts (green in 


—do 

...do 

do 






80 


husk) . 
Water caltrop 


China 13,320; Japan 100 

China 2,073,008; Cuba 90; 
Japan 2,360. 






13,420 






30 


2, 075, 488 




...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 




5,135 




China 8,181; Cuba 52,832 

Cuba 18 




285, 707 


346, 720 


Waterlily seed pods . 




18 




Cuba 295,567; Mexico 229,388. - 

China 32,880; Japan 10,691 

China 32,536; Mexico 1,184 


5,830 
502, 2S5 




530, 785 


Yarns 3 -. 


6,300 
4,224 


552, 156 




—do 


37, 944 









1 Shipments from possessions other than Puerto Rico and Hawaii are included with those from foreign 
countries. 
3 Sterilized by refrigeration. 

J Imported into Hawaii. Quarantine no. 29 prohibits importation into continental United States. 
* The edible root (Nelumbium nelumbo) is also well known to the trade as lotus root. 

Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. Figures applying to shipments from Puerto Rico and 
Hawaii are based on plant quarantine inspections made prior to shipment. Figures on importations are 
on the basis of notices of arrival required to be submitted by importers of fruits and vegetables subject to 
plant quarantine regulations. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



Table 285. — Beans, dry, edible: 1 Acreage, 'production, value, and foreign trade, 

United States, 1919-36 





Acreage 
harvested 


Average 

yield per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Season 
average 
price 
per 100 
pounds 
received 
by farm- 
ers* 


Farm 
value 3 


Whole- 
sale 
price 
per 100 
pounds 
at Chi- 
cago * 


Foreign trade, year 
beginning July 5 


Year 


i 


1919 


1,000 acres 
1,162 
1,077 
913 
861 
1,129 
1,322 
1,584 
1,615 
1,740 
1,612 
1,651 
1,746 
1,840 
2,159 
1.947 
1,431 
1,729 
1,460 
1,885 
1,562 


Pounds 
727.0 
752.0 
661.8 
706.7 
699.8 
725. 2 
574.4 
725.0 
633.6 
604.0 
640.5 
699.4 
667.3 
654.6 
663.3 
769.0 
738.6 
780.3 
759.8 
712.0 


1,000 
bags 6 
8,U7 
8,099 
6,042 
6,085 
7,901 
9,587 
9,099 

11, 709 
11,024 

9,737 
10. 574 
12, 212 

12, 278 
14, 133 
12, 914 
11,005 


Dollars 


1,000 

dollars 


Dollars 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1919 _ . . 


6.81 
4.31 
4.76 
5.82 
5.36 
5.64 
5.00 
4.99 
5. 55 
7.33 


47, 954 
24, 710 
27,707 
42, 983 

48, 210 

47, 990 
53, 596 

48, 420 
50, 809 
74, 056 


7.92 
6.76 
4.61 
7.46 
7.04 
5.46 
6.16 
4.95 
5.53 
9.00 


3,806 

824 

520 

2,623 

886 

1,421 

1,271 

1,051 

2,465 

1,505 


1,993 


1920 


1,216 


1921 


1,100 


1922 


672 


1923 


695 


1924 


549 


1925 


576 


1926 


529 


1927 


427 


1928.. 


316 


1929 ?.... 




1929 


6.77 
4.20 
2.13 

1.98 


79, 376 
56, 633 
25, 890 
20, 822 
33, 517 

37, 966 

38, 883 
50, 884 


9.76 
6.63 
4. 55 
2.46 
2.97 
3.69 
3.52 
4.00 


2,534 
1,346 
222 
157 
*146 
580 
250 


296 


1930 


271 


1931.. 


158 


1932.. 


140 


1933 


12, 771 2. 78 


116 


1934 


11, 393 
14, 323 

11, 122 


3.52 
2.93 

5.02 


86 


1935 


137 


1936 g 











1 Table includes, besides the ordinary edible beans and limas, the blackeye of California which is identical 
with the black-eyed pea of the South. Soybeans not included. 

! Price of cleaned beans. 

s Farm value of dry, edible beans equals the price of cleaned beans applied to the production of cleaned 
beans rather than total production. 

* Compiled from Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin, pea beans. 

5 Imports and exports compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, 
June issues, 1919-26; January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and 
Domestic Commerce.- 

« Bags of 100 pounds. 

7 Acreage grown alone. 

s Imports for consumption, beginning this date. 

' Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Italic figures are census returns; census figures include all States; other figures, principal producing 
States only. 

Estimates of acreage, yield, production, price to farmers, and farm value previous to 1919, as published 
in Yearbook for 1933 and earlier years, are not comparable with the revised series in this table. 

214 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



215 



Table 286. — Beans, dry, edible: x Acreage, yield, production, and season average 
price per bag of 100 pounds received by farmers, by States, averaaes, and annual 
1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yi eld per acre 


Production 


Price for crop 
of 2 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 3 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 3 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 3 


1935* 


1936 » 


Maine.. 


1,000 

acres 

8 

3 

114 

595 

7 

6 

11 

11 

35 

133 

30 

354 

174 

8 

54 

314 


1,000 

acres 

7 

3 

152 

562 

6 

6 

16 

7 

26 

110 

42 

435 

165 

8 

1 

339 


1,000 

acres 

8 

3 

142 

466 

3 

2 

12 

4 

14 

104 

40 

287 

120 

9 

1 

347 


Lb. 

5 829 

«617 

735 

657 

453 

524 

562 

»411 

930 

1,115 

869 

328 

324 

449 

5 530 

1,016 


Lb. 

870 

600 

740 

910 

480 

300 

650 

300 

1,080 

1,150 

1,050 

270 

400 

510 

600 

1,170 


Lb. 

880 

600 

600 

570 

390 

300 

940 

180 

1,200 

1,200 

1,150 

380 

240 

510 

600 

1,176 


1,000 

bags 4 

62 

19 

857 

3,638 

27 

21 

60 

47 

357 

1,546 

306 

1,232 

615 

36 

5 14 

3,348 


1,000 

bags 4 

61 

18 

1,125 

5,114 

29 

18 

104 

21 

281 

1,265 

441 

1,174 

660 

41 

6 

3,965 


1,000 

bags 4 

70 

18 

852 

2,656 

12 

6 

113 

7 

168 

1,248 

460 

1,091 

288 

46 

6 

4,081 


Dot. 
5.20 
4.85 
3.00 
2.25 
2.70 
3.40 
3.35 
2.85 
2.70 
2.50 
2.85 
2.75 
3.15 
3.50 
3.95 
4.00 


Dot. 
6.60 




6.20 


New York « 


5.80 
5.40 


Wisconsin 6 

Minnesota 


5.30 
6.30 
4.10 


Kansas. 


4.00 


Montana 6 . ... 


4.15 


Idaho 6 _ 


4.25 


Wyoming 6 

Colorado 


4.45 
4.05 


New Mexico 

Arizona . . 


4.00 
4.25 


Oregon... . 


5.30 




5.30 






United States. _. 


1,806 


1,885 


1,562 


665.7 


759.8 


712.0 


12, 181 


14, 323 


11,122 


2.93 


5.02 



Table includes, besides the ordinary edible beans and limas, the blackeye of California which is identical 



with the black-eyed pea of the South. 

2 Price of cleaned beans. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Bags of 100 pounds. 
6 Short-time average. 

6 Includes beans grown for seed. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Soybeans not included. 



Table 287. — Beans, dry, 



edible: 1 Production by classes, 100-pound 
States, 1926-36 



United 



Class 2 


1926 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 3 


Pea 


1,000 

bags 

4,318 

922 

180 
63 
63 

698 

113 
73 

599 

96 

1,287 

450 
1,250 

580 

332 


1,000 

bags 

3,031 

1,208 

280 
81 
49 
490 
220 
110 
553 
109 

1,597 
300 

1,010 
310 
389 


1,000 
bags 
3,358 
1,387 

424 
103 

29 
642 
282 
106 
575 

95 
1,402 
428 
890 
401 
452 


1,000 
bags 
3,346 
1,747 

415 
135 
42 
442 
393 
113 
619 
100 
2,319 
514 
987 
486 
620 


1,000 
bags 
3,141 
2,011 

489 
180 
41 
376 
520 
128 
625 
81 

3,096 
852 

1,102 
696 
795 


1,000 
bags 
3,856 
1,956 

429 
201 
111 
651 
474 
159 
436 
137 

1,687 
459 

1,064 
663 
631 


1,000 

bags 

5,403 

992 

226 
101 

58 
465 
250 

94 
516 

78 
859 
275 
872 
322 
494 


1,000 
bags 
4,391 
1,440 

417 
128 
80 
573 
279 
151 
595 
105 
1,828 
587 
943 
630 
624 


1,000 
bags 
4,396 
1,084 

402 
139 
142 
563 
267 
242 
485 
174 
579 
525 
1,072 
708 
615 


1,000 
bags 
5,003 
1,441 

351 
154 
109 
631 
292 
413 
843 
146 
2,147 
615 
989 
536 
653 


1,000 
bags 
2,589 


Great Northern 

Small White (Califor- 
nia) 

White Marrow 


1,387 

502 
125 


White Kidney... 


43 


Red Kidney 4 ._ 


675 


Small red 


190 


Cranberry . . ... 


223 


Pink 


447 


Yelloweye 


100 


Pinto 


1,558 


Blackeye (California).. . 

Lima (California) 

Baby lima (California). 
Other and seed 


765 

1,119 

876 

523 






Total 


11,024 


9,737 


10, 574 


12, 278 


14, 133 


12, 914 


11,005 


12, 771 


11,393 


14, 323 


11,122 







1 Table includes, besides the ordinary edible beans and limas, the Blackeye of California, which is identi- 
cal with the black-eyed pea of the South. Soybeans not included. 

2 The bean classification figures in table 263 of 1932 Yearbook, and similar data in preceding issues, were 
on a different basis from those in table 258 of 1933 Yearbook, and in similar succeeding tables. The present 
grouping has been made upon a classification basis consistent with the United States standards for beans. 

3 Preliminary. 

4 Includes Dark Red Kidney. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; based on reports by growers on proportion of total production made 
up of each variety, supplemented by investigations of field statisticians. 



216 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 288. — Beans, dry, edible: 1 Production in specified countries, bags of 100 
pounds, average 1925-26 to 1929-80, annual 1981-32 to 1986-87 



Country 


Average 

1925-26 to 

1929-30 


1931-32 


1932-33 


1933-34 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 2 


Canada ' 


1,000 bags 

763 

11,064 

3,740 

3,293 

313 

2,405 

2,875 

3,277 

^ 308 

276 

220 

1,025 

1,793 

4,837 

888 

792 

146 

1,684 

106 

13, 809 

1,434 

276 

6,767 


1,000 bags 

782 

12.914 

2.997 

2,755 

397 

3,284 

2,692 

3,427 

240 

19S 

247 

1,335 

2,205 

7,284 

1,787 

1,010 

258 

1,519 

70 

15, 922 

1,404 

337 

6,032 


1,000 bags 

685 

11,005 

2.907 

2,710 

339 

3,047 

3,970 

3,333 

239 

204 

208 

1,909 

3,306 

7,142 

1,659 

810 

311 

1,078 

79 

15, 533 

2,166 

351 

9,855 


1,000 bags 

534 

12, 771 

4,097 

2,710 

338 

2,299 

3,411 

3,427 

237 

145 

232 

1,588 

2.582 

7,290 

1,666 

764 

327 

2,444 

84 

16, 111 

1,868 

463 

7,165 


1,000 bags 

488 

11, 393 

2,729 

2,643 

351 

2,280 

4,175 

3,522 

184 

509 

328 

1,389 

3,503 

5,207 

1,182 

731 

282 

1,707 

58 

15, 873 

1,884 

470 

6.035 


1,000 bags 

697 

14, 323 

2, 450 

» 2, 076 


1,000 bags 
500 


United States 


11 122 


Mexico . _ 




Great Britain ... 




Netherlands 




France 


2,403 
3,020 

153" 

369 

*205 

972 

2,529 

6,184 

1,470 

907 

318 

1,338 

74 


2,406 


Italy 


Spain 




Germany ... 


152 


Czechoslovakia 4 ... 




Austria ... 




Hungary . . 


1,375 
2,976 
6,327 


Yugoslavia 


Rumania 


Bulgaria 


1,510 


Poland 


867 


Greece 




Japan ■ 


1,552 


Chosen 7 




Brazil . 




Chile 


1,685 








Egypt 


6,454 


6,596 






Total countries reporting, 
all periods .. 


32, 326 

62, 091 


38,392 
69, 096 


40,735 
72, 846 


39,340 

72, 553 


34,099 

66, 923 


37,430 
68, 257 


35,383 


Estimated world total, 
excluding Union of 
Soviet Socialist Re- 
publics 


64, 503 







1 Excluding soybean, mung, adzuki, broadbean, and horse beans and similar classes not commonly used 
as edible beans in the United States. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 England and Wales. 

* 3-year average, 1927-28 to 1929-30. 

* Grown alone through 1933-34; thereafter beans grown with other crops are included as follows: 1934-35, 
352,890 bags; 1935-36, 260,921 bags. 

6 Production in Hokkaido Province, where most of the dry edible bean varieties are grown. 

7 Unofficial estimate. 

8 Lima beans. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics: official sources and Internalional Institute of Agriculture, except as 
otherwise stated. Figures are for the harvesting seasons 1925 to 1936 in the Northern Hemisphere and 1925-26 
to 1936-37 in the Southern Hemisphere. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



217 



Table 289. — Beans, dry, edible: Average price per 100 pounds, 1926-27 to 1936-37 
PEA, CHOICE, NEW YORK i 



Year 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Aver- 
age 2 


1926-27 

1927-28 


Dol. 
5.10 
6.65 
10.75 
10.19 
8.31 
4.21 
2.67 
3.94 
4.31 
3.22 
5.68 


Dol. 
6.03 
6 60 
8.90 
9.50 
6.58 
3.61 
2.25 
3.48 
4.08 
3.01 
6.53 


Dol. 
6.18 
6.39 
9.38 
8.29 
5.73 
3.66 
2.01 
3.29 
3.68 
2.80 
7.23 


Dol. 
6.02 
6.40 
10.00 
7.91 
5.54 
3.01 
1.88 
3.20 
3.39 
2.70 
7.25 


Dol. 
5.71 
6.78 
10.42 
7.97 
5.52 
2.82 
1.84 
3.30 
3.61 
2.72 


Dol. 
5.50 
7.96 
11.29 
7.81 
5.33 
2.75 
1.82 
3.38 
3.64 
2.84 


Dol. 
5.38 
9.41 
11.05 
7.26 
5.11 
2.65 
2.10 
3.26 
3.77 
2.77 


Dol. 
5.30 
10.23 
10.55 
6.83 
4.97 
2.56 
2.67 
3.04 
3.77 
2.83 


Dol. 
5.70 
10.29 
10.68 
7.12 
5.01 
2.65 
3.15 
3.01 
3.68 
3.08 


Dol. 
6.39 
10.48 
10.42 
7.08 
4.74 
2.59 
2.89 
3.15 
3.64 
3.26 


Dol. 
6.54 
10.68 
9.56 
6.88 
4.56 
2.52 
3.68 
3.16 
3.66 
4.57 


Dol. 
6.71 
10.75 
10.16 
7.58 
4.71 
2.82 
4.00 
3.53 
3.49 
5.71 


Dol. 
5.88 
8.55 

10 26 


1928-29 


1929-30 


7.87 
5.51 
2 99 


1930-31... 

1931-32 


1932-33 


2 58 


1933-34 


3 31 


1934-35 


3 73 


1935-36 

1936-37.... 


3.29 





























3REAT NORTHERN, 


CHICAGO 3 












1926-27. 














5.91 
8.44 
9.95 
6.25 
4.50 
3.38 
2.70 
3.86 
4.75 
3.95 


5.85 
8.40 
9.50 
6.25 
4.46 
2.85 
3.04 
3.88 
4.81 
3.95 


5. 85 
9.57 
9.50 
6.20 
4.37 
2.45 
3.83 
3.71 
4.85 
4.12 


9.62 
9.54 
6.06 
4.60 
2.62 
3.68 
3.49 


8.71 
9.20 
9.90 
6.25 
4.44 
2.81 
3.60 
3.62 


9.38 
9.00 
9.90 
6.31 
4.54 
2.82 

~4.~23~ 

4.90 
4.62 




1927-28. 

1928-29 


9.32 
8.38 
9.97 
6.75 
4.81 
2.91 
4.42 
4.52 
4.98 


l.'oo" 

9.88 
6.25 
3.49 
2.75 
4.14 
5.08 
4.54 
6.32 


6.30 
8.44 
8.21 
5.46 
3.36 
2.52 
3.94 
4.97 
4.21 
6.50 


6.13 
8.86 
7.37 
5.20 
3.44 
2.58 
3.69 
4.82 
4.16 
6.62 


6.46 
9.47 
7.25 
5.06 
3.50 
2.47 
3.75 
4.75 
3.99 


7.14 
9.96 
6.75 
4.82 
3.38 
2.48 
3.75 
4.75 
3.95 


8.14 
9.28 


1929-30 


7.23 


1930-31 


5.04 


1931-32 


3.24 


1932-33-. 


2.96 


1933-34 

1934-35 


3.87 
4.82 


1935-36... 

1936-37 


4.50 


4.62 


«4.32 

























CALIFORNIA LIMA, CHOICE, NEW YORK i 



1926-27. 

1927-28 

1928-29 

1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 



8.94 
6.96 
9.90 
16.76 
12.05 
6.08 
5.41 
6.80 
6.93 
6.36 
8.39 



8.44 
6.97 
9.76 
14.39 
9.90 
5.78 
5.41 
6.31 
6.84 
6.59 
7.87 



7.68 
6.85 
10.56 
13.27 
8.74 
5.88 
4.86 
6.07 
6.65 
6.63 
8.23 



7.01 
6.83 
12.01 
12.95 
7.37 
5.50 
4.63 
5.92 
6. 50 
6.58 
8.25 



7.14 
7.00 
12.61 
12. 28 
7.58 
5.10 
4.55 
5.91 
6.58 
6.97 



6.94 
7.87 
13.42 
12.07 
7.94 
4.56 
4.52 
6.16 
6.50 
7.46 



6.97 
8.33 
13.50 
12.71 
7.56 
4.26 
4.55 
6.50 
6.45 
7.96 



6.97 
9.06 
13.50 
12.71 
7.50 
4.26 
5.01 
6.48 
6.27 
7.98 



14.40 
12.67 
7.40 
4.28 
6.29 
6.26 
6.27 
7.89 



6.74 
9.75 
15.25 
12.45 
6.55 
4.40 
6.41 
6.35 
6.16 
7.72 



6.68 
9.90 
15.90 
12.01 
5.98 
4.49 
6.64 
6.37 
6.02 
8.47 



6.67 
10.17 
16.17 
11.95 
6.29 
4.96 
7.00 
6.41 
5.94 
8.92 



7.25 
8.28 
13.08 
13.02 
7.90 
4.96 
5.44 
6.30 
6.43 
7.46 



CALIFORNIA PINK » 



1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29 
1929-30 
1930-31 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



4.76 


5.02 


4.90 


4.90 


4.92 


4.73 


4.76 


4.89 


5.18 


5.60 


5.82 


5.62 


5.23 


4.71 


4.70 


4.68 


4.92 


5.74 


6.14 


6.23 


6.34 


6.25 


6.00 


5.48 


5.11 


5.48 


6.26 


6.54 


7.37 


7.14 


7.10 


6.86 


6.93 


6.97 


6.86 


7.45 


6.25 


6.21 


6.02 


5.92 


5.61 


5.56 


5.42 


5.40 


5.61 


6.25 


6.38 


6.38 


5.68 


4.39 


3.90 


3.97 


3.96 


3.90 


3.81 


3.62 


3.41 


3.29 


3.12 


3.04 


2.79 


2.94 


3.69 


3.90 


3.55 


3.12 


2.77 


2.70 


2.68 


2.68 


2.62 


2.93 


3.28 


3.05 


2.74 


2.71 


2.52 


2.31 


2.40 


2.92 


3.69 


3.63 


3.76 


4.11 


3.76 


3.37 


3.36 


3.02 


3.00 


3.26 


3.17 


2.92 


2.79 


2.88 


3.21 


3.55 


4.79 


5.30 


5.44 


5.41 


5.40 


5.48 


5.60 


5.82 


5.74 


5.63 


5.50 


4.88 


3.94 


3.58 


3.30 


2.97 


2.96 


2.86 


2.80 


2.78 


2.65 


2.58 


3.04 


3.62 


4.01 


4.69 


5.15 


5.28 



































5.09 
5.54 
6.67 
5.92 
3.84 
3.03 
3.09 
3.19 
5.42 
3.09 



1 Prices represant prevailing values of the commodity and grade specified, as indicated by sales from 
eeeivers to wholesale distributors. 

2 Where prices are missing, average is for months shown. 

3 Quotations are for wholesale prices to the local trade. 

4 Includes an average in September 1936 of $4.62. 

5 F. o. b. rail, California, straight cars. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from the Chicago Daily Trade Bulletin; New York Pro- 
ducers Price Current, daily; and California Fruit News, weekly. 



218 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 290. — Soybeans: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 



State 



New York 

Pennsylvania- 
Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Kansas -. 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia.. 

West Virginia.. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Georgia. _. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



United States^. 



Total acreage (ex- 
cluding hay) i 



Aver- 



1928- 
32 



1,000 
acres 



1935 



1,000 

acres 

1 

4 

135 

459 

1,334 

16 

2 

435 

144 

7 

17 

6 

33 

2 

168 

18 

18 

19 

61 

37 

99 

42 

48 

2 

4 



3,111 



1936 3 



1,000 

acies 

1 

4 

158 

409 

1,076 

15 

2 

217 

185 

6 

19 

8 

42 

1 

243 

29 

27 

45 

92 

58 

197 

97 



Acreage harvested 
for beans J 



Aver- 
age, 
1928- 
32 



1,000 
acres 



3,103 



875 



1935 



1,000 

acres 

1 

2 

124 

410 

1,334 

16 

2 

400 

127 

7 

17 

5 

22 

2 

95 

7 

7 

8 

20 

12 

40 

25 

10 

2 

2 



2,697 



1936 3 



1,000 

acres 

1 

2 

135 

282 

1,076 

15 

2 

191 

49 

6 

17 

5 

24 

1 

118 

10 

12 

9 

19 

22 

66 

30 

17 



2,113 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 



1924- 
32 



Bu. 



14.6 
13.6 
15.5 
12.0 
10.7 
15.0 
8.3 
9.6 
13.0 
12.0 
12.1 
12.3 
13.3 
6.5 
5.9 
9.6 
7.8 
5.8 
8.8 
8.5 
8.1 
9.8 



13.0 



1935 



Bu. 
13.5 
16.5 
21.0 
17.0 
18.0 
14.5 
13.0 
16.5 
7.0 
6.5 
14.0 
12.0 
14.0 
10.5 
13.5 
7.0 
6.0 
9.5 
8.0 
5.5 
8.5 
9.0 
8.5 
10.0 
10.0 



16.5 



Bu. 
13.0 
15.0 
15.5 
14.0 
16.0 
12.0 
10.0 
13.0 
5.0 
4.0 
13.0 
11.5 
11.0 
11.0 
12.5 
6.5 
5.7 
9.5 
7.0 
6.0 
7.0 
7.0 
9.0 
6.0 
7.5 



14.0 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1928- 
32 



1,000 
bu. 



522 
1,982 
5,869 

43 

25 
736 
800 

64 
175 

59 
218 

20 
1,187 

58 

49 

87 
150 

38 
137 

79 
137 

57 



12, 491 



1935 



1,000 

bu. 

14 

33 

2,604 

6,970 

24, 012 

232 

26 

6,600 

889 

46 

238 

60 

308 

21 

1,282 

49 

42 

76 

120 

66 

340 

225 

85 

20 

20 



44,378 



1936 3 



1.000 

bu. 

13 

30 

2,092 

3,948 

17, 216 

180 

20 

2,483 

245 

24 

221 

58 

264 

11 

1, 475 

65 



29, 616 



Price for 
crop of— 



1935 



Dol. 
1.30 
1.55 
.74 
.78 
.74 
.82 
.99 
.74 
1.13 
1.18 



1.00 
1.00 
1.75 
.97 
1.73 
2.39 
1.24 
1.45 
1.96 
1.83 
1.81 
1.92 
1.85 
2.40 



79 



1936 » 



Dol. 
1.85 
1.95 
1.08 
1.08 
1.08 
1.05 
1.13 
1.06 
1.40 
1.50 
1.17 
1.03 
1.20 
1.30 
1.04 
1.55 
1.65 
1.41 
1.53 
1.71 
1.65 
1.66 
1.65 
2.10 
2.35 



1.11 



1 Excluding soybeans cut for hay. Soybeans planted in corn and soybeans grazed or hogged off are 
included for the States where these items are important. 

2 Solid equivalent of acres from which soybeans were harvested. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 291. — Soybeans: Production in specified countries, 192^-36 



Crop year 


United 

States 


Manchu- 
ria i 


Chosen 


Japan 


Netherland 
India 3 


1924 


1,000 
bushels 
4,947 
4,875 
5,239 
6,938 
7,880 
9,398 

13, 471 
16, 733 

14, 975 
13, 147 
23, 095 
44, 378 
29, 616 


1,000 
bushels 
112,055 
126, 103 
107, 731 
163, 333 

177, 800 

178, 389 
196, 944 
192. 057 
156, 821 
169, 056 
122, 980 
141, 793 
155, 424 


1,000 
bushels 

18, 723 
23, 609 
22, 276 
24, 300 

19, 510 

20, 434 
22, 989 
21, 155 

22, 578 

23, 324 
19, 519 
22, 401 
19, 375 


1,000 
bushels 
15, 367 
17, 106 

14. 213 

15, 467 
14, 110 

12, 585 
14, 381 
11,777 
11,435 

13, 307 
10, 255 
10,717 


1,000 
bushels 
3,531 


1925 


4,038 


1926 


3,608 


1927 


3,961 


1928 


4,303 


1929 


3,917 


1930 


4,692 


1931... 


4,722 


1932 


5,471 


1933 


6,676 


1934 


6,445 


1935 


7,448 


1936 3 











1 Data for Manchuria are from reports of the South Manchurian Railway and do not include the large 
production in China proper. 
3 Native crops only. 
3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from official sources. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



219 



Table 292. 



-Soybeans: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 
1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 

15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 

15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


July 
15 


Aug. 

15 


Sept. 
15 


Weight- 
ed av- 
erage 


1926-27 


Dol. 
1.97 
1.86 
1.72 
1.79 
1.64 
.58 
.55 
.68 
.95 
.68 
1.07 


Dol. 
1.85 
1.70 
1.69 
1.70 
1.48 
.52 
.45 
.69 
.89 
.69 
1.12 


Dol. 

1.83 

1.61 

1.70 

1.73 

1.44 

.61 

.44 

.73 

1.11 

.72 

1.30 


Dol. 
1.90 
1.70 
1.82 
1.85 
1.46 
.62 
.45 
.81 
1.19 
.76 


Dol. 
2.03 
1.69 
1.93 
1.91 
1.40 
.59 
.45 
1.01 
1.26 
.77 


Do!. 

1.98 

1.85 

2.13 

2.00 

1.42 

.66 

.48 

1.16 

1.20 

.78 


Dol. 
2.07 
1.93 
2.19 
2.07 
1.38 
.65 
.58 
1.26 
1.18 
.78 


Dol. 

2.15 

2.06 

2.30 

2.11 

1.39 

.64 

.86 

1.25 

1.21 

.83 


Dol. 

2.20 

2.13 

2.41 

2.16 

1.29 

.61 

.98 

1.45 

1.19 

.85 


Dot. 
2.14 
2.12 
2.46 
1.96 
1.12 

.58 
1.04 
1.54 

.98 
1.05 


Dol. 

2.06 

2.01 

2.15 

1.90 

.94 

.58 

.94 

1.25 

.73 

1.19 


Dol. 
1.91 
1.89 
1.87 
1.80 
.82 
.57 
.85 
1.05 
.69 
1.10 


Dol. 
2.00 


1927-28 


1.83 


1928-29 . 


1.90 


1929-30 


1.87 


1930-31 

1931-32 .. 


1.32 

.48 


1932-33 


.56 


1933-34,... „ 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


.99 
1.01 

.79 
i 1.11 

























i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, 
by States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; averages for the year obtained 
by weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of Crops and Markets, p. 534. 

Table 293. — Soybeans for seed: Average wholesale selling price per bushel at Balti- 
more and St. Louis, by months, 1927-36 





Baltimore 


St. Louis 


Year 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


Aver- 
age 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


Aver- 
age 


1927— 


Dol. 
1.80 
1.95 
2.25 
2.10 
2.25 
.90 
.80 
1.75 
1.55 
1.30 


Dol. 
1.80 
1.90 
2.35 
2.10 
2.25 
.90 
.80 
1.75 
1.55 
1.30 


Dol. 
1.80 
1.95 
2.40 
2.10 
2.25 
.90 
.80 
1.85 
1.55 
1.30 


Dol. 
1.80 
1.95 
2.40 
2.25 
2.25 
.90 
1.00 
1.80 
1.45 
1.26 


Dol. 
1.85 
2.15 
2.70 
2.65 
2.25 
.85 
1.45 
1.70 
1.45 
1.32 


Dol. 
1.81 
1.98 
2.42 
2.24 
2.25 
.89 
.97 
1.75 
1.50 
1.30 


Dol. 
2.70 
1.80 
2.55 
2.15 
1.80 
1.05 
.80 
1.60 
1.85 
1.35 


Dol. 
2.70 
1.80 
2.55 
2.25 
1.80 
1.05 
.80 
2.00 
1.85 
1.35 


Dol. 
2.40 
1.85 
2.60 
2.25 
1.80 
.90 
.90 
2.00 
1.85 
1.35 


Dol. 
2.50 
2.00 
2.75 
2.25 
1.80 
.90 
1.05 
2.00 
1.85 
1.55 


Dol. 
2.70 
2.25 
2.85 
2.25 
1.95 
.80 
1.30 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 


Do!. 
2.60 


1928 


1.94 


1929 . 


2.66 


1930— 


2.23 


1931 


1.83 


1932 


.94 


1933 


.97 


1934— 


1.85 


1935 


1.85 


1936 


1.45 







Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from weekly reports to the Bureau from wholesale seeds- 
men in the markets. These prices are the average wholesale selliDg prices for high-quality seed to retail 
dealers in small quantities. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 242. 






220 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1931 



Table 294. — Soybeans crushed and crude oil produced, by quarters, 1926-27 to 

1935-86 





Soybeans crushed ' 


Soybean oil produced 


Year 


Oct- 

Dec. 


Jan.- 
Mar. 


Apr.- 
June 


July- 
Sept. 


Total 


Oct- 
Dec. 


Jan- 
Mar. 


Apr- 
June 


July- 
Sept. 


Total 


1926-27 

1927-28 


1,000 

bu. 

86 

146 

191 

661 

726 

1,294 

1,211 

896 

2.006 

5,209 


1,000 

bu. 

113 

171 

353 

421 

1,080 

1,706 

1,050 

933 

2,662 

7.832 


1,000 

bu. 

101 

147 

163 

345 

1,289 

1.091 

811 

768 

2,239 

6,792 


1,000 

bu. 
35 
94 
176 
239 
974 
635 
397 
457 

2,198 

5,348 


1,000 
bu. 
335 

558 
883 
1,666 
4.069 
4,726 
3,469 
3,054 
9,105 
25, 181 


1,000 

pounds 

735 

1,164 

1,506 

5,231 

6.194 

10, 655 

10, 155 

7,610 

16, 779 

43, 712 


1,000 

pounds 

862 

1,289 

3,046 

3,343 

9,107 

14, 682 

8,667 

7,989 

22. 679 

64,142 


1,000 

pounds 

776 

1,132 

1,277 

2,905 

10, 996 
9,257 
6,834 
6.704 

19. 582 

56,911 


1,000 

pounds 

286 

789 

1, 456 

1,945 

8,391 

5,351 

3,422 

3,894 

19, 083 

44,199 


1.000 
pounds 
2,659 
4,374 


1928-29 

1929-30 


7,285 
13, 424 


1930-31 

1931-32 


34,688 
39, 945 
29,078 


1932-33 


1933-34 


26, 197 


1934-35 . 


78, 123 


1935-36 2 


208, 964 



i The reported production of meal for years beginning October 1932-35, has averaged 80 percent of the 
weight of soybeans crushed. 
* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics; compiled from reports of the Census, Animal and Vegetable Fats 
aud Oils. 



Table 295. — Soybean oil, domestic, 1 crude: Average price per pound, in drums, 
New York, by months, 1929-30 to 1936-37 2 



Year 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Aver- 
age 


1929-30 . 


Cents 
13.00 
9.30 
5.65 
4.40 
7.60 
7.30 
9.80 
9.40 


Cents 
13.00 
8.50 
5.55 
4.25 
7.30 
7.55 
9.80 
9.60 


Cents 
12.50 
8.30 
5.18 
4.20 
6.98 
8.70 
9.80 
10.70 


Cents 
11.75 
7.38 
4.81 
4.35 
6.80 
9.30 
9.55 


Cents 
11.50 
7.50 
4.45 
4.50 
7.05 
9.85 
8.90 


Cents 
10.72 
7.50 
4.45 
4.72 
7.30 
10.80 
8.80 


Cents 
10.40 
7.45 
4.45 
4.90 
7.30 
10.30 
8.42 


Cents 
10.64 
7.30 
4.40 
6.30 
7.30 
10.34 
8.00 


Cents 
10.80 
7.30 
4.15 
7.05 
7.30 
10.26 
7.85 


Cents 
10.72 
7.30 
4.12 
8.20 
7.30 
9.42 
9.30 


Cents 
10.38 
7.20 
4.12 
9.05 
7.30 
8.90 
9.60 


Cents 
10. 18 
6.55 
4.12 
8.20 
7.30 
9.45 
9.60 


Cents 
11.30 


1930-31 

1931-32 


7.63 
4.62 


1932-33 


5.84 


1933-34 . . 


7.24 


1934-35 . . 


9.34 


1935-36 


9.12 


1936-37 



























1 Domestic oil not quoted prior to October 1929. 

2 Prior to September 1933, reported in barrels. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Complied from the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter. 



Imported oil prices in 1935 Yearbook, table 280. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



221 



Table 296. — Soybeans and soybean oil: International trade, average 1925-i 

annual 1933-85 

SOYBEANS 





Calendar year 


Country 


Average 1925-29 


1933 


1934 


1935 i 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

China * 


1,000 

pounds 

3, 731, 214 


1,000 
pounds 




1,000 
pounds 
12, 744 
5, 114, 462 


1,000 
pounds 




1,000 
pounds 
3,779 
5, 388, 816 


1,000 
pounds 




1,000 

pounds 

4,563 


1,000 
pounds 



Manchuria 











Total 


3, 731, 214 





5, 127, 206 





5, 392, 595 





4,563 









PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Germany .. . 




5,574 







»42 

1,192 



1, 390, 622 

1, 015, 825 

394, 965 

305, 643 

166, 799 

97, 395 

58, 510 

4,064 




1,409 









177 

»0 


2, 581, 366 

965, 854 

516, 224 

352, 520 

126, 947 

13, 916 

86, 518 

470 



1,506 



2 
56 
*0 


2, 014, 431 

1, 217, 108 

594, 627 

396, 612 

205, 564 

44, 332 

287, 741 

382 



1,344 





1, 137, 216 


Japan 


1, 160, 316 


Denmark 


572, 893 


United Kingdom 

Sweden ... _ 


356,113 
222, 324 


Italy 




Netherlands 


17 
•0 


174, 461 


United States ■ 


249 


Total 


6,808 


3, 433, 823 


1,586 


4, 643, 815 


1,564 


4, 760, 797 


1,361 


3, 623, 572 







SOYBEAN OIL 



PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

China 


244, 894 






30, 004 

3,670 

323 

10, 182 




178, 969 

70, 682 

41,285 

2,965 

1,655 






2,743 

4,058 

169 

15, 739 


12 

214, 530 

24, 991 

41, 800 

7,950 

8,981 






2,021 

5,213 

493 

12, 547 


1 

"""492" 
43, 229 
10, 898 


n 


Manchuria. 





Germany 

Denmark 

Japan " __ .. ... 


45, 828 
36, 742 
14, 393 
12, 917 


31, 439 

5,095 

284 


Sweden . 


10, 426 






Total 


354, 774 


44, 179 


295, 556 


22, 709 


298, 264 


20, 274 


54, 620 


47,244 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

Netherlands . .. 


40,024 

49, 942 

•186 

4,528 

*273 

159 



57 

19 

17 






109, 176 

75, 917 

* 30, 290 

19, 545 

a 19,250 

17, 401 

» 9, 855 

8,846 

6,394 

6,011 

989 

709 


26, 130 

19,668 

13 

1,569 

132 

96 














37, 559 

45, 183 
7,515 
3,669 

13, 865 
7,826 
8,459 

11, 340 
96 

20, 920 

2,412 

44 


26,044 

21, 359 

6 

2,040 

273 





44 

»5 

2 






43, 998 
25, 441 
10, 516 

2,829 
27, 632 

4,150 
20, 381 

8,701 

4 

22, 007 

1,712 



24, 107 
6 244 


27, 603 


United Kingdom 

Italy 


« 75, 165 


United States. ... . 


4,111 

3,111 

.. 








14, 249 


Belgium 


9,130 


France 


4,943 






Norway.. ... 


8,425 


Algeria 





Austria 


10,543 


Canada 8 


2,264 










Total 


95, 205 


304, 383 


47, 608 


158, 888 


49, 773 


167, 371 


31, 573 


152,322 







1 Preliminary. 

1 These figures are for yellow soybeans, which variety constitutes fully 98 percent of the soybean exports, 
according to Agricultural Commissioner Paul O. Nybus. 

• 3-year average. 

4 Imports for consumption. 

4 Domestic exports of soybeans are not separately reported in Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the 
United States; if any, included with exports of oilseeds. Soybeans inspected for export began in October 
1931, there being for 1933, 15,331,740 pounds; for 1934, 1,137,600 pounds, and for 1935, 94,191,000 pounds. 

• Does not include refined soybean oil which was not separately reported. 
1 4-year average. 

8 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 
' Soybeans included with cake and meal. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. 



222 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. 1931 



Table 297. — Cowpeas: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
bushel received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 



State 



Indiana 

Illinois 

Missouri 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina- 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee - 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas. 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



Total acreage 
(excluding hay) 



Aver- 
age, 
192S-3: 



1,000 
acres 

11 
53 
21 
1 
1 
1 
24 



1935 1 1936 i 



1,0001 1,000 

acres] acres 

16 15 



219 332 



131 

62! 



158 



United States 



335 

24 

10 

45 

285 

239 

280 

138 

134 

884 



1,243 1,505 2.925 



Acreage harvested 
for peas 2 



Aver- 
age, 

1928-32 



1,000 
acres 

53 

18 

1 

1 

1 



1,000, 1,000 

acres acres 
12 



799 1, 033 1, 261 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1924-32 



Bu. 



8.1 
7.8 

8^2 
10.9 
7.6 
9.0 
8.3 
5. 7 
5.6 
8.9 
8.8 
5.8 



8.6 
7.2 



1935 1936 3 



Bu. \ Bu. 



11.0 
7.0 
6.0 
6.5 

11.5 
8.0 

10.5 
8.0 
6.0 
6.6 
8.0 
8.0 
5.0 
6.5 
5.5 
7.0 
8.0 
6.5 
8.0 



8.0 
6.5 
4.5 
4.0 
10.0 
8.5 
9.0 
7.0 
6.0 
6.1 
7. 5 
8.5 
5.2 
5.8 
5.5 
6.0 
7.0 
4.5 
6.0 



6.0 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 1935 19363 
192S-32; 



1.000 

bu. 

55 

467 

138 

7 

13 



1,000' 1,000 
bu. | bu. 

132 

574 



12 



73 105 90 
287 360: 385 
724.1,212 1,446 



682 
78 
70 
169 
557 
393 
453 
227 
207 
782 



S45 1. 110 
88| 68 
56 51 
135 I 166 
85211,143 
6161 764 
574 582 
304| 301 
156 36 
SSS 1, 122 



Price for 
crop of — 



1935 



1936 3 



Dol. Dr>l. 



1.14 
1.39 
1.66 
1.79 
1.28 
1.13 
1.47 
1.60 



1.27 
1.45 

1.99 
1.79 
1.22 
1.42 
1.77 
1.56 



1.37 1.24 
1.47 1.28 



5,392 6,971 - 

! I 



1.74 
1.72 
1.64 
1.49 
1.74 
1.691 
1.8ll 



1.82 
1. 55 
1.59 
1.49 
1.55 
1.69 
1.70 



2. Oil 2.34 
1.70) 1.59 

1.56 1.47 



1 Excluding cowpeas cut for hay. Cowpeas planted in corn and cowpeas grazed or hogged off are included 
for the States where these items are important. 

2 Solid equivalent of acres from which cowpeas were harvested. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 298. — Cowpeas: Average price per bushel received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Aug. 

15 


Sept. 

15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec 

15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 

15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 

15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


July 

15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Dol. 
3.22 
1.84 
2.01 
2.99 
2.66 
1.63 
.70 
1.30 
1.42 
1.42 
1.88 


Dol. 
2.79 
1.80 
1.82 
2.49 
2.41 
1.27 
.67 
1.06 
1.32 
1.25 
1.52 


Dol. 

2.34 

1.70 

1.83 

2.30 

2.20 

.98 

.70 

.94 

1.26 

1.13 

1.37 


Dol. 

2.05 

1.72 

1.83 

2.22 

2.05 

.93 

.63 

.87 

1.25 

1.15 

1.33 


Dol. 

1.95 

1.65 

2.02 

2.28 

1.86 

.93 

.60 

.92 

1.30 

1.15 

1.38 


Dol. 
1.94 
1.71 
2.15 
2.40 
1.80 
.92 
.60 
1.03 
1.37 
1.22 


Dol. 
1.94 
1.74 
2.45 
2.59 
1.75 
.86 
.60 
1.26 
1.47 
1.29 


Dol. 
1.89 
1.76 
2.63 
2.73 
1.82 
.88 
.62 
1.45 
1.53 
1.35 


Dol. 
1.93 
1.86 
2.88 
2.85 
1.87 
.82 
.69 
1.61 
1.54 
1.54 


Dol. 

1.90 
2.00 
3.05 
2.93 
1.93 
.76 
.89 
1.63 
1.57 
1.80 


Dol. 
1.90 
2.09 
3.24 
3.00 
1.96 
7° 
L02 
1.60 
1.63 
1.96 


Dol. 
1.93 
2.09 
3.19 
2.93 
1.89 
.67 
1.21 
1.57 
1.60 
2.07 


Dol. 
2.08 


1927-28 

1928-29 


1.98 
2.64 


1929-30 

1930-31 

1931-32 


2.64 
1.96 

.87 


1932-33 

1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


.81 
1.32 
1.48 

1.56 

' 1.47 





















1 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, 
by States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 issue 
of Crops and Markets, p. 534. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



223 



Table 299. — Cowpeas for seed: Average wholesale selling price per bushel at 
Baltimore and St. Louis, 1927-36 





Baltimore 


St. Louis 


Year 


Jan. 

Dol. 
2.25 
1.80 
2.85 
3.30 
3.00 
1.05 
.80 
2.25 
2.50 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


Aver- 
age 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May- 


Aver- 
age 


1927 


Dol. 
2.25 
1.80 
3.30 
3.30 
2.90 
1.10 
.80 
2.25 
2.50 
1.91 


Dol. 
2.15 
2.05 
3.75 
3.30 
2.50 
1.10 
.80 
2.25 
2.50 
2.14 


Dol. 
2.10 
2.20 
3.75 
3.30 
2.50 
1.10 
1.00 
2.20 
2.50 
2.45 


Dol. 
2.10 
2.30 
3.75 
3.30 
2.55 
1.00 
1.40 
2.00 
2.45 
2.70 


Dol. 
2.17 
2.03 
3.48 
3.30 
2.69 
1.07 
.96 
2.20 
2.50 
2.30 


Dol. 
2.40 
2.40 
3.50 
3.15 
2.40 
1.20 
.85 
2.00 
2.50 
2.00 


Dol. 
2.40 
2.40 
3.60 
3.15 
2.40 
1.20 
.85 
2.00 
2.50 
2.20 


Dol. 
2.40 
2.40 
3.60 
3.15 
2.40 
1.10 
.90 
2.00 
2.40 
2.25 


Dol. 
2.40 
2.50 
3.70 
3.10 
2.40 
1.05 
1.00 
2.00 
2,30 
2.75 


Do/. 
2.40 
2.70 
3.75 
3.00 
2.55 
1.05 
1.40 
1.75 
2.30 
3.25 


Dol. 
2.40 


1928 


2.48 


1929 

1930- 


3.63 

3 11 


1931 . 


2.43 


1932 . 


1. 12 


1933 

1934 


1.00 
1.95 


1935 


2.40 


1936 


2.50 









Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from weekly reports to the Bureau from wholesale 
men in the markets. These prices are the average wholesale selling prices for high-quality seed to retail 
dealers in small quantities. Data for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 246. 



Table 300. — Velvetbeans: 1 Acreage, yield, production, and Dec. 1 price per ton 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Total acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Dec. 1 


price 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936! 


Aver- 
age, 
1924-32 


1935 


1936 -' 


Aver- 
age. 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 = 


1935 


1936 


South Carolina 


1,000 

acres 

65 

748 

156 

352 

53 

40 


1,000 

acres 

84 

1,236 

201 

487 

66 

58 


1,000 
acres 

1,188 
180 
623 

102 
66 


Lb. 
878 
854 
820 
755 
1.029 
922 


Lb. 

1,070 
900 
700 
910 

1,060 
800 


Lb. 

1,050 
800 
550 
800 

1,100 
750 


1,000 

short 

tons 

31 

315 

58 

136 

30 

17 


1.000 

short 

tons 

45 

556 

70 

222 

35 

23 


1,000 

short 

tons 

40 

475 

50 

249 

56 

25 


Dol. 
15.20 
10.60 
10.00 
10.60 
16.90 
16.10 


Dol. 
15.90 
12.00 


Florida 

Alabama 

Mississippi 


12.00 
14.00 
19.00 
18.90 






United States 


1,414 


2,132 


2,236 


838.4 


892.1 


800.5 


587 


951 


S95 


11.14 


13.36 






i The figures refer to the yield and entire production of velvetbeans in the hull. The pods are usually 
harvested from only a small portion of the acreage. A large proportion of the crop is grazed, 
s Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Table 301. — Broomcorn: Acreage, production, and season average price per ton 
received by farmers, United States, 1919-36 





Acreaee 


Year 


har- 




vested 




Acres 


1919 


338, 000 


1919 


327, 000 


1920 


266, 000 


1921 


222, 000 


1922 


275, 000 


1923 


536, 000 


1924 


429, 000 


1925 


222.000 


1925 


316.000 


1927 


231, 000 

1 



Average 

yield per 

acre 



Pounds 
334. 6 
333.4 
283.9 
352.8 
278.1 
303.2 
359.0 
279.4 
343.3 
346. 6 



Produc- 
tion 



Short tons 
56. 500 
54. 600 
37, 800 
39, 200 
38.200 
81.400 
77. 000 
31,000 
54, 200 
40, 100 



Price 



Dollars 



155. 00 
127. 54 

71.63 
219. 27 
160. 17 

96.10 
142. 94 

79.24 
102. 97 



Year 


Acreage 

har- 
vested 


Average 

yield per 

acre 


Produc- 
tion 


1928 

1929 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 * 


Acres 
291, 000 
312. 000 
310. 000 
392, 000 
314, 000 
313,000 
277, 000 
305, 000 
497,000 
350, 000 


Pounds 
362.1 
305. 5 
304.5 
260.8 
313.7 
261.8 
216.5 
188.9 
247.0 
221.3 


Short tons 
52, 600 
47, 600 
47. 300 
51, 100 
49, 300 
40,900 
30,000 
28,700 
61,300 
38,700 



Price 1 



Dollars 
97.36 

"ill' 52 
66. 26 
44. 81 
37.04 
102.00 
164.43 
73. 92 
120.2S 



1 From 1919 to 1924, Nov. 15 price; 1925, 1926, and 1936, Dec. 1 price. 
3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 

130180 — 37 15 



224 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 302. — Broomcorn: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
ton received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 1 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 2 




1,000 

acres 

26 

1 

45 

142 

10 

58 

42 


1.000 

acres 

60 

1 

35 

210 

75 

60 

56 


1.000 
acres 
55 
1 
28 
135 
38 
43 
50 


Lb. 
500 
306 
305 
295 
312 
282 
265 


Lb. 
493 
200 
140 
210 
320 
100 
250 


Lb. 
470 
100 
150 
155 
273 
140 
200 


Short 

tons 
6,860 
160 
6,480 
19, 720 
1,420 
8,060 
5,540 


Short 

tons 

14, 800 

100 

2.400 
22,000 
12,000 
3,000 
7,000 


Short 
tons 

12. 900 

( 3 ) 
2,100 

10.500 
5,200 
3,000 
5,000 


Dol. 
91 
65 
54 
76 
72 
47 
53 


Dol. 
140 








90 




135 


Texas _ ._ 


110 


Colorado ._ _ 


90 


New Mexico 


80 






United States 


324 


497 


350 


313.4 


247.0 


221.3 


48, 240 


61, 360 


38,700 


73.92 


120.28 



i Preliminary. 
1 Dec. 1 price. 
3 Less than 100 tons. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 303.— How: 



Acreage, yield, production, Dec. 
United States, 1919-36 



1 price, and foreign trade, 





















All hay 




Tame hay 


Wild hay 


Foreign trade. 

year beginning 

July 1 


"iear 


Acre- 
age har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 
yield 
per acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Dec. 1 

price 
per ton 
receiv- 
ed by 
farmers 


Acre- 
age har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 
yield 
per acre 


Pro- 
duc- 
tion 


Dec. 1 

price 

per ton 
receiv- 
ed by 
farmers 


Domes- 
tic ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


1919 


1,000 
acres 
55, 653 

55, 020 

56, 769 

57, 448 
59,280 
57,717 
59, 293 
55,444 
55, 461 
57, 604 
54, 013 

54, 311 

55, 728 
54,051 
55, 968 
56,004 

55, 829 

56, 017 
55, 647 

57, 055 


Short 
tons 
l.Sj. 
1.37 
1.34 
1.24 
1.36 
1.30 
1.33 
1.21 
1.21 
1.45 
1.34 
1.S7 
1.37 
1.18 
1.19 
1.28 
1.19 
.99 
1.40 
1.11 


1,000 
short 
tons 

74, 724 
76, 589 
76, 164 
71, 035 
80, 790 

75, 286 
78, 934 
67, 334 
67, 142 
83,341 
72, 196 
74, 318 
76, 105 
64,040 
66, 561 
71, 827 
66, 530 
55, 270 
78, 138 
63, 309 


Dollars 

"2KY0' 
17.78 
12.09 
12.55 
14.10 
13.82 
13.99 
14.11 


1,000 
acres 
17, 126 
17, 124 
16, 264 
15, 622 
16, 152 
15, 828 
15, 166 
14,661 
13. 334 


Short 
tons 

0.91 
.93 
.95 
.88 
.89 
.89 
.83 
.78 
.67 

1.02 
.88 
.81 
.82 
.78 
.69 
.85 
.70 
.55 
.92 
.65 


1,000 
short 
tons 
15, 631 
15, 893 
15, 504 

13, 786 

14, 362 
14, 132 
12, 520 
11,498 

8,883 
14, 810 
11, 646 
10, 968 
11,175 
10, 694 

8,162 
11,920 

8,412 

4,729 
11,388 

6,915 


Dollars 


1,000 
short 

tons 


1,000 
short 
tons 


1919 


16.52 
11.39 
6.57 
7.32 
8.18 
7.92 
8.56 
10.05 
6.57 
7.25 


67 
55 
61 
53 
24 
25 
18 
15 
17 
14 


252 


1920 . 


126 


1921 




1922 


35 


1923 


403 


1924 


119 


1925 - 


431 


1926 


209 


1927 


11.32 14.527 


84 


1928. 


12.25 

"l2.~22~ 
12.65 
9.04 


13, 172 
13,517 
13, 571 
13, 789 

11. 862 


40 


1929 




1929 


8.04 
7.09 
6.17 
3.99 
5.17 
11.48 
4.64 
7.75 


9 

7 


60 


1930 


121 


1931 


3 20 


1932 


6. 70 14. 048 


2 
2 
3 
2 


9 


1933. . 


8.20 
14.02 

7.80 
11.39 


12, 053 
8,623 
12, 399 

10, 694 


'2 


1934 


88 


1935 


5 


1936 3 











1 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June issues, 1919-26; 
January and June issues, 1927-36, and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 

2 Beginning this date, imports for consumption. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Italic figures are census returns. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 225 

Table 304. — Hay, tame, by kinds: Acreage and production, United States, 1919-36 

ACREAGE HARVESTED 



Year 



1919 
1920 
1921. 
1922 
1923 
1924 
1925. 
1926 
1927. 
1928. 
1929. 
1930 
1931. 
1932. 
1933. 
1934. 
1935. 











Soybean, 










All 




Lespe- 


cowpea, 


Grains 


Miscel- 




Alfalfa 


clover 


Sweet- 


deza 


and 


cut 


laneous 


All 


and 


clover 


(Japan 


peanut 


green 


tame 


tame 




timothy 




clover) 


vine 


for hay 


hay 












hay 








1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


8,647 


2 33, 340 






2,332 


5,183 


6,518 


56, 020 


9,015 


2 34, 302 






2,390 


4,409 


6,653 


56, 769 


9,165 


2 34, 444 






2,626 


4,360 


6,853 


57, 448 
59, 280 


9,275 


2 36, 530 






2,833 


3,642 


7,000 


9,764 


2 34, 299 






3,021 


3,250 


7,383 


57, 717 


10, 352 


34,038 


720 


327 


3,641 


3,161 


7,054 


59, 293 


10, 388 


31, 677 


728 


253 


3,123 


3,109 


6,166 


55,444 


10, 721 


29, 970 


713 


310 


3,565 


3,863 


6,319 


55, 4G1 


11, 277 


31, 563 


821 


338 


4,419 


3,054 


6,132 


57, 604 


11, 123 


28,519 


879 


325 


4,258 


2,842 


6,067 


54,013 


11,529 


29,935 


954 


349 


3,924 


3,254 


5,783 


55, 728 


11,627 


27, 131 


853 


431 


4,147 


3,971 


5,891 


54, 051 


11,718 


25,100 


810 


564 


5,605 


5,975 


6,196 


55, 968 


12, 601 


23,677 


834 


851 


6,731 


4,829 


6, 481 


56.004 


12, 676 


23,480 


720 


1,115 


5,796 


5,442 


6,600 


55, 829 


11, 627 


20, 146 


719 


1,701 


8,027 


6,718 


7,079 


56, 017 


13, 649 


20, 300 


649 


2,030 


7,561 


4,548 


6,910 


55, 647 


14, 034 


22, 010 


1,100 


1,541 


6,829 


5,609 


5,932 


57, 055 



Sorgo for 

forage 

and 

hay ' 



1,000 

acres 
2,150 
2,358 
2,049 
2,110 
2,275 
1,634 
1,651 
1,664 
2,014 
1,894 
1,588 
1,606 
2,172 
2,409 
3,217 
3,296 
3,498 
2,565 



PRODUCTION 



1919. . 


1,000 

short tons 

19, 380 

20, 458 

20, 071 
20, 110 
21,630 
20,828 

21, 821 

21, 529 
25,454 

23, 882 
23,787 

22, 889 
21, 207 
25,954 

24, 083 
18, 822 
28,523 
24, 750 


1,000 
short tons 
i 42, 734 
2 41,319 
2 36, 101 
2 46, 253 
2 38, 522 

43, 582 

32, 646 
31, 166 
41, 879 

33, 251 
38, 215 
27,437 
27,680 
26, 186 
24,512 
16, 516 
26, 308 
21, 324 


1,000 
short tons 


1,000 

short tons 


1,000 
short tons 
2,078 
2,149 
2,235 
2,604 
2,738 
2,869 
2,298 
3,294 
4,047 
3,862 
3,389 
3,122 
5,498 
6,177 
5,182 
6,963 
7,788 
5,411 


1,000 
short tons 
5,362 
5,150 
5,441 
4,252 
4,159 
3,301 
3,911 
3,987 
3,830 
3,442 
3,535 
4,211 
4,921 
5,254 
4,671 
4,864 
5,153 
4,484 


1,000 
short tons 
7,035 
7,088 
7,187 
7,571 
8,237 
7,183 
5,578 
6,067 
6,568 
6,177 
5,695 
5,160 
5,805 
6,407 
6,105 
5,925 
7,494 
5,159 


1,000 
short tons 
76, 589 
76, 164 
71, 035 
80, 790 
75, 286 
78, 934 
67, 334 
67, 142 
83, 341 
72, 196 
76, 105 
64,040 
66, 561 
71, 827 
66, 530 
55, 270 
78, 138 
63, 309 


1,000 
short tons 
4,294 


1920— 






5,170 


1921 






3,970 


1922 






3,540 


1923 






4,060 


1924 


886 

874 

765 

1,163 

1,202 

1,104 

896 

837 

967 

740 

603 

840 

1,034 


285 

206 

334 

400 

380 

380 

325 

613 

882 

1,237 

1,577 

2,032 

1,147 


3,068 


1925 


2,843 


1926 


2,823 


1927— 


4,291 


1928 


3,667 


1929 


2,650 


1930 


2,327 


1931 


3,380 


1932 


3,591 


1933 


4,525 


1934 


3,432 


1935 


5,058 


1936 3 


2,915 







i Not included in all tame hay. 

2 Includes sweetclover and lespedeza. 

* Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



226 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 305. — Hay, tame: Acreage, yield, 'production, and Dec. 1 price per ton 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1985 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Dec. 1 


price 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


1936 


Maine 


1,000 

acres 
994 
364 
925 
349 
38 
279 

4,060 
222 

2,535 


1,000 

acres 
973 
384 
916 
377 
42 
325 

4,137 
223 

2,483 


1,000 

acres 
977 
382 
925 
380 
42 
329 

4,139 
211 

2,473 


Short 
tons 
0.90 
1.02 
1.20 
1.26 
1.22 
1.25 
1.22 
1.49 
1.21 


Short 
tons 
0.87 
1.06 
1.21 
1.44 
1.21 
1.38 
1.35 
1.61 
1.34 


Short 
tons 
0.87 
.97 
1.11 
1.22 
1.14 
1.19 
1.02 
1.23 
1.00 


1,000 
short 
tons 

902 

380 
1,137 

455 
48 

366 
5,056 

333 
3,055 


1,000 
short 
tons 

846 

408 
1,108 

541 
51 

450 
5,590 

358 
3,331 


1,000 
short 
tons 

849 

370 
1,029 

464 
48 

390 
4,222 

260 
2,470 


Dol. 
10.50 
12.80 
10.30 
15.70 
15.40 
16.20 
8.30 
13.50 
10.10 


Dol. 
10.00 
13.40 
10.60 
18.30 
IS 60 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


Massachusetts. 

Rhode Island 


Connecticut 


16 30 


New York 


11 70 


New Jersey.. 


17 80 


Pennsylvania.. 


14 30 






North Atlantic 


9,766 


9,860 


9,858 


1.18 


1.29 


1.02 


11, 732 


12,683 


10, 102 


10.01 


12.81 


Ohio 


2,564 
1,795 
2,646 
2,577 
3,257 
2,551 
3,030 
3,156 
1,285 
1,186 
1,562 
1,131 


2,627 
1,931 
2,858 
2,494 
2,968 
2,503 
3,121 
2,449 
1,059 
772 
1,538 
1,240 


2,715 
1,901 
2,943 
2,679 
3,768 
2,846 
3,217 
2,345 
1,309 
957 
1,690 
1,123 


1.09 
1.13 
1.15 
1.13 
1.42 
1.36 
1.33 
.94 
1.16 
1.07 
1.65 
1.62 


1.38 
1.37 
1.43 
1.44 
1.89 
1.68 
1.66 
1.10 
1.27 
1.00 
1.65 
1.55 


1.00 
.93 
1.04 
1.15 
1.33 
1.13 
1.21 
.67 
.64 
.61 
.97 
.94 


2,796 
2,024 
3,110 
3,003 
4,503 
3,446 
4,104 
2,820 
1,294 
1,126 
2,491 
1,842 


3,617 
2,651 
4,086 
3,598 
5,623 
4,198 
5,179 
2.692 
1,340 
770 
2,544 
1,925 


2,715 
1,760 
3,065 
3,091 
5,003 
3,222 
3,904 
1,568 
832 
582 
1,631 
1,056 


6.60 
7.00 
7.50 
6.10 
6.70 
5.10 
6.60 
7.70 
4.00 
4.45 
4.85 
6.50 


11 40 


Indiana 

Illinois 


13.00 
13 10 


Michigan... 


9 80 


Wisconsin .. 


12 30 


Minnesota 


8 40 


Iowa 


11 20 


Missouri 


13 20 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


7.80 
9.80 
10 70 


Kansas . 


11 SO 






North Central 


26, 741 


25, 560 


27, 493 


1.24 


1.50 


1.03 


32, 558 


38, 223 


28, 429 


6.35 


11.24 


Delaware.. ... 


62 
379 
919 
677 

727 
353 

684 

84 


62 
391 

997 
684 
922 
592 
884 
91 


59 
370 
931 

677 

890 

595 

1,026 

89 


1.29 
1.18 
.95 
1.01 
.81 
.65 
.53 
.62 


1.40 
1.33 

1.10 
1.14 
.81 
.74 
.57 
.56 


1.22 
.88 
.65 
.75 
.76 
.74 
.55 
.54 


81 
448 
868 
639 
571 
255 
362 

48 


87 
520 
1,092 
779 
751 
439 
503 

51 


72 
327 
605 
508 
680 
442 
568 

48 


11.70 
10.00 
11.60 
10.30 
14.60 
14.20 
11.00 
11.80 


14 40 


Maryland .. 


15. 10 


Virginia 


18.00 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


14.20 
16.50 
15.00 
12.00 


Florida 


12.40 






South Atlantic 


3,887 


4,623 


4,637 


.87 


.91 


.70 


3,272 


4,222 


3,250 


11.90 


15.18 


Kentucky ... 


1,287 
1,361 
526 
417 
641 
212 
485 
609 


1,354 
1,602 
726 
633 
779 
292 
554 
799 


952 
1,522 
781 
762 
772 
283 
564 
947 


.99 
.91 
.73 
1.16 
1.01 
1.18 
1.42 
1.05 


1.13 
.98 
.72 
1.10 
.94 
1.04 
1.37 
1.07 


.68 
.69 
.73 

1.17 
.83 

1.16 

.86 


1,237 
1,191 
374 
497 
662 
270 

638 


1,527 
1,563 
520 
694 
729 
304 

851 


643 
1,046 
573 
890 
639 
328 

815 


9.40 
9.80 
11.50 
11.00 
11.20 
8.90 

8.00 


17.00 


Tennessee ... 


15.00 


Alabama 


12.40 


Mississippi . 


11.90 


Arkansas ... 


12.90 


Louisiana . 


10.70 


Oklahoma.. 




Texas 


9.50 






South Central 


5,537 


6,739 


6,583 


1.01 


1.03 


.83 


5, 522 


6,946 


5,475 


9.53 


12.91 


Montana 


1,560 

1,063 
734 

1,264 
141 
191 
581 
204 
836 
894 

1,752 


1,514 

1, 035 
737 

1, 069 
124 
199 
496 
183 

1,021 
942 

1,545 


1,329 

1,035 
739 

1,057 
128 
191 
521 
175 
949 
871 

1,489 


1.46 
2.15 
1.34 
1.69 
1.96 
2.57 
2.15 
1.90 
1.88 
1.76 
2.46 


.97 
2.09 
1.38 
1.60 
1.94 
2.75 
1.94 
1.83 
1.73 
1.63 
2.80 


.98 
2.37 
1.14 
1.60 
2.08 
2.49 
2.21 
2.16 
1.86 
1.88 
2.74 


1,992 
2,271 

905 
2,040 

280 

514 
1,191 

393 
1,554 
1,605 
4,316 


1,465 

2,166 

1, 015 

1,712 

241 

547 

961 

334 

1,770 

1,534 

4,319 


1,302 
2,448 

845 
1,695 

266 

476 
1,153 

378 
1,766 
1,637 
4,087 


8.70 
6.60 
7.20 
6.50 
8.70 
8.50 
6.90 
5.70 
8.30 
8.40 
8.10 


12.30 


Idaho ...... 


7.10 


Wvoming 


11.00 


Colorado 

New Mexico ... 


8.20 
12.50 


Arizona 


10.80 


Utah 


7.20 


Nevada 

Washington 


8.00 
10.20 


Oregon 


9.80 


California.. 


10.20 






Western... 


9,222 


8,865 


8,484 


1.90 


1.81 


1.89 


17, 062 


16, 064 


16, 053 


7.68 


9.48 


United States 


55, 153 


55, 647 


57, 055 


1.29 


1.40 


1.11 


70, 146 


78, 138 


63, 309 


7.80 


11.39 



■ Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



227 



Table 306.— Hay, wild: l Acreage, yield, production, and Dec. 1 price per ton 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1986 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Dec. 1 price 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 2 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 2 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 2 


1935 


1936 


Maine 


1,000 

acres 

5 

5 

7 

7 

1 

6 

42 

13 

12 


1,000 

acres 

7 

6 

6 

7 

1 

9 

37 

16 

12 


1,000 
acres 
8 
8 
8 
9 
1 

10 
55 
14 
15 


Short 
tons 

0.96 
.90 
.92 
.95 
.80 

1.08 
.94 

1.27 
.90 


Short 
tons 
0.85 
1.00 

.95 

.95 
1.00 
1.00 

.85 
1.25 

.85 


Short 
tons 
0.95 
.85 
.95 
.80 
.80 
1.05 
.90 
1.15 
.65 


1,000 

short 

tons 

5 

4 

7 

7 

1 

7 

40 

16 

11 


1,000 

short 

tons 

6 

6 

6 

7 

1 

9 

31 

20 

10 


1,000 

short 

tons 

8 

7 

8 

7 

1 

10 

50 

16 

10 


Dot. 

7.30 
8.00 
6.20 
9.20 
10.00 
9.70 
5.60 
7.50 
6.50 


Dol. 
6.80 
7.20 
6.60 
9.60 
11.00 
10.00 
7.20 
8.00 
8.30 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island ... 




New York 




Pennsylvania 




North Atlantic 


98 

4 

9 

21 

33 

255 

1,857 

201 

131 

1,681 

2,153 

2,835 

917 


101 

5 

10 

21 

27 

252 

1,650 

178 

146 

1,677 

1,712 

2,605 

817 


128 


.98 


.95 


.91 


97 


96 


117 


7.07 


7.74 


Ohio 


4 

10 

18 

36 

360 

1,617 

151 

146 

1,140 

942 

2,475 

686 


.82 
.92 
.86 
.86 
1.02 
.96 
1.00 
1.07 
.80 
.59 
.73 
.94 


.85 
1.00 
1.00 
.80 
1.10 
1.15 
1.15 
1.25 
.90 
.65 
.80 
1.00 


.60 
.75 
.70 
.80 
.95 
.75 
.80 
.60 
.55 
.45 
.45 
.55 


3 

8 

18 

28 

246 

1,749 

198 

131 

1,349 

1,218 

2,005 

889 


4 

10 

21 

22 

277 

1,898 

205 

182 

1,509 

1,113 

2,084 

817 


2 

8 

13 

29 

342 

1,213 

121 

88 

627 

424 

1,114 

377 


5.80 
5.00 
4.85 
5.00 
4.00 
3.60 
5.40 
6.20 
3.60 
3.70 
3.80 
5.00 


7.30 
7.00 
6.70 
6.60 
7.20 
5.90 
9.00 
11.30 
7.10 
8.10 
7.60 
9.70 


Indiana 


Illinois 


Michigan. ... 


Wisconsin 


Minnesota 

Iowa 


Missouri. 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


Kansas.. 




North Central 


10, 097 


9,100 


7,585 


.79 


.89 


.57 


7,840 


8,142 


4,358 


3.93 


7.36 


Delaware 


2 
3 
9 
8 
23 
12 
18 
3 


1 
4 
7 
12 
23 
17 
20 
1 


1 
4 
11 
13 
25 
20 
19 
1 


1.14 
.92 

.74 
.84 
.97 
.67 
.92 
.85 


1.00 
.85 
.80 
.80 
.90 
.70 
.75 
.60 


.90 

.55 
.65 
.65 
.85 
.80 
.70 
.60 


2 
3 
7 
6 

22 
8 

16 
3 


1 
3 
6 

10 
21 
12 
15 
1 


1 
2 
7 
8 
21 
16 
13 
1 


7.60 
9.00 
8.00 
9.00 
10.70 
10.50 
10.00 
6.20 


10.00 
11.00 
12.30 

9.50 
12.00 
11.40 

9 50 


Maryland 

Virginia 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


Florida 


9 70 






South Atlantic 


78 

20 
44 
42 
43 
149 
19 
494 
194 


85 

15~ 

21 

40 

77 
168 

22 
551 
277 


94 


.89 


.81 


.73 


67 


69 


69 


9.86 


11.04 


Kentucky 


38 
40 
40 
69 
165 
24 
468 
300 


.93 
.78 
.75 
1.02 
1.02 
1.02 
.94 
.91 


.95 
.80 
.70 
.90 
1.15 
1.10 
1.15 


.65 
.55 
.80 
.90 
.70 
.65 
.55 


19 
33 
34 
43 

141 
19 

460 


14 
17 
28 
69 

193 
24 

634 


25 
22 
32 
62 

116 
16 

257 


4.90 
6.30 
9.30 
8.00 
7.70 
7.40 
5.00 


9 80 


Tennessee 


10.00 
9.00 
8 70 


Alabama 

Mississippi 


Arkansas. 

Louisiana 


10.00 
7 90 


Oklahoma 


10 70 


Texas 


8 20 






South Central 


1,005 


1,171 


1,144 


.94 


1.10 


.74 


927 


1,284 


845 


6.13 


9.36 


Montana.. 


636 

93 

303 

363 

25 

10 

69 

124 

32 

228 

128 


516 

100 

296 

354 

20 

15 

59 

129 

29 

224 

200 


464 

85 

207 

336 

17 

10 

65 

142 

27 

220 

170 


.84 
.98 
.87 
.99 
.86 
.84 

1.06 
.98 

1.21 
.88 

1.10 


.75 
1.00 

.80 
1.00 

.85 
1.25 
1.05 
1.00 
1.10 

.85 
1.35 


.65 
1.05 
.60 
.95 
.50 
.80 
1.10 
1.00 
1.30 
1.05 
1.15 


507 

89 
237 
334 

21 
9 

70 
125 

38 
215 
144 


387 

100 

237 

354 

17 

19 

62 

129 

32 

190 

270 


302 

89 

124 

319 

8 

8 

72 

142 

35 

231 

196 


7.90 
5.30 
6.80 
6.00 
8.00 
8.00 
5.10 
5.20 
6.80 
6.00 
5.90 


11 00 


Idaho 


5 60 


Wyoming 


10 00 


Colorado 


8 00 


New Mexico ... 


10 00 


Arizona 


8 00 


Utah.... 


5 10 


Nevada 


5 60 


Washington 


7 80 


Oregon ... 


6 70 


California 


6 30 






Western... 


2,010 


1,942 


1,743 


.93 


.93 


.88 


1,789 


1,797 


1,526 


6.43 


7 85 






United States. 


13,288 


12, 399 


10, 694 


.82 


.92 


.65 


10, 719 


11, 388 


6,915 


4.64 


7.75 



1 Includes prairie, marsh, and salt grasses. 

2 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



228 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 307. — Hay, loose: Average price per ton received by farmers, United States, 

1926-27 to 1936-37 
ALL HAY 



Year 



Julv Aug. Sept. 
15 ! 15 i 15 



Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


15 


15 


15 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


13. OS 


13.22 


13.47 


10.63 


10.54 


10.55 


10.60 


10.89 


11.23 


11.07 


11.18 


11.04 


12. 17 


12.19 


11.33 


8.57 


8.68 


8.71 


6.54 


6.49 


6.14 


7.54 


7.69 


7.69 


13.40 


13.58 


13. S6 


7.26 


7.25 


7.20 


10.77 


10. 73 


11.08 



Jan. Feb. 
15 1 15 



Mar. Apr. 
15 15 



Mav 
15' 



June 
15 



Weight- 
ed aver- 
age l 



I Dol. 

1926-27 12.96 

1927-28 11.71 



1928-29. 
1929-30. 
1930-31. 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35. 
1935-36. 
1936-37. 



10.86 
11.17 
10.47 
9.30 
6.95 
6.99 
10.18 
8.88 
8.66 



Dol. I 
13.041 
9.97 
10.39 
10.85 
11.31 
9.05 
6.82 
7.53 
12.50 
7.90 
10.77 



Dol. 
12.88 
10.51 
10.59 
11.05 
12.14 
8.88 
6.80 
7.53 
13.03 
7.43 
10. S7 



Dol. 
13. 3S 
10.60 
11.61 
11.16 
11.21 
8.60 
6.03 
7.78 
14.02 
7.30 



Dol. 
13.64 
10.24 
12.06 
11.19 
10.92 
8.45 
5.91 
8.07 
14.02 



Dol. 
13.48 
10.19 
12.37 
10.95 
10.66 
8.69 
5.89 
8.34 
13.79 
7.45 



Dol. 

13.26 
10.29 
12.30 
10.97 
10.59 
8.74 
6.12 
8.59 
13.67 
7.35 



Dol. 
13.20 
10.70 
12.15 
10.98 
10.54 
8.48 
6.37 
8.94 
13. 3S 
7.26 



Dol. 
13.10 
11.01 
11.88 
10.91 
9.97 
7.60 
6.43 
9.75 
12.07 
7.31 



ALFALFA 



1926-27 
1927-2S 
192S-29 
1929-30 
1930-31 
1931-32 
1932-33 
1933-34 
1934-35 
1935-36 
1936-37 



12.94 


13.15 


13.13 


13.29 


11.73 


11.47 


11.34 


11.52 


11.98 


11.82 


12.20 


12.82 


13.12 


13.17 


13.50 


13.84 


11.44 


12.16 


12.85 


12.97 


9.80 


9.86 


9.67 


9.58 


7.38 


7.15 


7.27 


7.05 


7.48 


7.90 


8.04 


8.26 


10.84 


13.51 


14.69 


15. 07 


9.23 


8.44 


8.25 


8.15 


9.37 


12.04 


12.15 


12.09 



13.79 
11.75 
13.29 
14.00 
12.94 
9.94 
7.01 
8.26 
15.28 
8.27 
12.16 



13.57 


13.83 


14.21 


14.38 


13.85 


13.59 


13.03 


12. 02 


12.09 


11.84 


12.46 


12.56 


12.90 


12.42 


13.90 


14.54 


15.34 


16.07 


16.20 


15.50 


14 50 


14.41 


14.66 


14.45 


13. 90 


13.42 


12.87 


12.14 


12.52 


12.21 


11.74 


11.29 


11.01 


10.87 


10.24 


10.31 


10.14 


10.25 


10.84 


10.79 


9.97 


8.63 


6.77 


6. 70 


6.39 


6.34 


6.46 


6.71 


6.69 


8.36 


8.47 


8.58 


8.68 


8.84 


9.28 


10.25 


15. 38 


15.31 


15.19 


14.99 


14.94 


14.74 


12.31 


8.29 


8.50 


8.78 


8.67 


8.35 


8.16 


7.82 


12.52 





























CLOVER 



1926-27., 
1927-23.. 
1928-29.. 
1929-30.. 
1930-31.. 
1931-32.. 
1932-33.. 
1933-34.. 
1934-35.. 
1935-36-. 
1936-37.. 



14.40 
13.11 
12.52 
11.60 
11.71 
10.30 
8.04 
8.17 
12.17 
10.72 



14.25 
12.16 
12.25 
11.61 
13.20 
10.15 
8.03 
8.78 
14. 50 
9.48 
12.71 



14. 60 
11.78 
12.50 
11.82 
14.62 
9.81 
7.97 
9.04 
15.56 
8.90 
12.84 



14.71 
11.91 
12. 5S 
11.77 
14.62 
9.65 
7.58 
9.03 
15.69 
9.00 
12. 73, 



14.76 


15.24 


15.71 


16.16 


11.86 


11.91 


12.24 


11.96 


13. 01 


13.05 


13.41 


13.59 


11.82 


11.97 


12.24 


12. 24 


14.62 


13. 52 


13.53 


12. 78 


9.65 


9.70 


9.72 


9.14 


7.53 


7.62 


7.50 


7.27J 


9.10 


9. 131 9. 39 


9.69: 


15. 78 


15.991 16.30 


16.34 


8.86 


8.87| 8.88 


9.07| 


13. 19 


12.99 













15.64 15.51 


15.21 


14.65 


12.02 12.23 


12.51 


12.63 


13.93, 13.43 


13.24 


12.92 


12.31 12.27 


12.19 


12.25 


12.45 12.57 


12.21 


11.28 


9. 46 9. 49 


9.06 


8.38 


7. 43 7. 69 


7.83 


7. 77 


10.25! 10.71 


11.07 


11.73 


16.02 15.16 


14.77 


13.59 


9. 01 8. 76 


S. 70 


8.89 









MIXED CLOVER AXD TIMOTHY 



1931-32... 
















8.76 
7. 17 
9.41 
15.96 
8.73 


8.70 
7.12 
9.75 
15.48 
8.60 


8.76 
7.52 
10.17 
14.73 

8.44 


8.67 
7.60 
10.64 
14.30 
8.17 


8.39 
7.65 
11.39 
13.04 
8.38 




1932-33 


7.96 

7.96 

11.96 

10. 13 

9.43 


7.97 
8.63 

14.00 
8.95 

12.18 


7.89 
8.81 

15.07 
8.70 

12.16 


7.74 
8.67 

15.46 
8.66 

12.18 


7.62 
8.85 

15.62 
8.57 

12.14 


7.38 
8.74 

15.89 
8.54 
12.53 


7.25 

8.86 
16.01 

8.74 


7.65 


1933-34 


9.19 


1934-35 


14.90 


1935-36 


8.87 


1936-37 























PRAIRIE 



1926-27 


9.63 
9.15 
7.80 
8.21 
7.12 
6.52 
5.14 
5.18 
7.90 
6.58 
6.71 


10.55 
8.65 
7.34 
7.96 
7.63 
6.64 
4.71 
5.54 

11.03 
5.61 
8.62 


10.52 
7.98 
7.62 
8.13 
7.89 
6.68 
4.57 
5.49 

11.61 
5.01 
8.34 


10.78 
7.67 
7.71 
7.97 
7.66 
6.53 
4.45 
5.46 

11.86 
5.81 
7.98 


10.76 
7.47 
7.72 
8.11 
7.48 
6.67 
4.36 
5.35 

12.09 
5.78 
7.91 


10.98 
7.55 
7.88 
8.18 
7.31 
6.56 
4.06 
5.34 


11.28 
7.41 
8.01 
8.30 
7.23 
6.48 
4.10 
5.47 


11.76 
6.98 
8.33 
8.41 
6.82 
6.70 
4.01 
5.58 

12.83 
5.10 


11.50 
6.79 

8.99 
8.11 
6.51 
7.30 
3.97 
5.77 
12.87 
5.03 


10.70 
6.96 
8.81 
8.12 
6.44 
7.47 
4.07 
6.11 

13.33 
4.73 


11.51 
7.32 
8.76 
7.96 
6.30 
7.15 
4.31 
6.50 

13.20 
4.55 


10.77 
7.59 
8.77 
7.78 
6.34 
6.02 
4.30 
7.42 

10.98 
4.75 


10.88 


1927-28. . 


7.72 


1928-29 

1929-30 


8.04 
8.14 


1930-31 


7.26 


1931-32 . 


6.75 


1932-33... 


4.49 


1933-34 


5.68 


1934-35 


12.49 12.76 


11.89 


1935-36... - 

1936-37 


4.75 
7.96 


4.86 


5.41 



















1 For "All hay" average for the year obtained by weighting State price averages for the crop-marketing 
season. 

' Preliminary for All hay only. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; yearly price obtained by weighting 
monthly prices by"monthly marketings. Data for earlier years for All Hay, Alfalfa, Clover, and Prairie, 
in December 1935 issue of Crops and Markets, p. 532. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



229 



Table 308. — Hay, alfalfa No. 1: Average -price per ton at Kansas City, 1926- 

to 1936-37 



Year 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


June 


Aver- 
age 


1926-27.. 


Dol. 
17.70 
14.50 
20.05 
19.00 
17.50 
13.90 
9.75 
9.90 
17.60 
11.20 
16.25 


Dol. 
18.25 
15.40 
20.50 
20.40 
21.40 
13.20 
9.75 
11.45 
22.50 
13.00 
18.40 


Dol. 
19.40 
18.00 
20.90 
23.50 
22.00 
12.90 
9.75 
11.75 
22.50 
13.40 
19.12 


Dol. 

19.90 

19.45 

23.15 

24.30 

22.25 

13.10 

10.50 

11.75 

21.70 

14.00 

19.69 


Dol. 

20.50 

18.50 

24.90 

24.75 

23.15 

13.15 

10.50 

11.75 

21.50 

14.00 

20.15 


Dol. 

20.25 

20.55 

25.95 

22.75 

22.50 

14.25 

11.05 

12.70 

23.25 

13.70 

20.00 


Dol. 

20.00 

21.40 

28.30 

23.75 

21.45 

14.00 

10.50 

12.50 

23.50 

13.50 


Dol. 

19.25 

22.40 

28.75 

23.00 

19.55 

14.50 

10.25 

12.40 

23.10 

13.75 


Dol. 

18.75 

24.25 

29.80 

22.05 

19.65 

16.00 

10.80 

12.75 

22.75 

13.65 


Dol. 

19.00 

26.15 

29.75 

23.00 

19.25 

16.00 

11.00 

13. 95 

22.00 

15.38 


Dol. 

19.00 

26.05 

25.65 

21.75 

17.25 

13.55 

11.20 

13.50 

20.10 

14.25 


Dol. 
15.25 
20.05 
19.60 
16.75 
12.90 
9.75 
9.65 
14.10 
14.80 
11.30 


Dol. 
18.93 


1927-28 

1928-29 


20.56 
24.78 


1929-30 


22.08 


1930-31 

1931-32 

1932-33 


19.90 
13.69 
10.39 


1933-34 

1934-35 

1935-36 

1936-37 


12.38 
21.28 
13.43 

















Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled from reports made directly to the Bureau by its representa- 
tive in the market. Prices are simple averages of 1 day's quotation each week. Carlot basis. Data for 
earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 292. 



Table 309. — Alfalfa meal: Production in the United States, 
No. 1 medium, bagged in carlots, Kansas City, 1927- , 



and price per ton of 
>8 to 1936-37 



PRODUCTION 



Year 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May 


Total 
or av- 
erage 


1927-28. 


Short 
tons 
19, 380 
26, 490 
19, 075 
31, 160 

23, 550 
14, 800 
26,700 

24, 590 
18,540 
27, 530 


Short 
tons 
14, 670 
26,710 
24,410 
24, 680 
15, 100 
17, 010 
21, 760 
21, 810 
25, 070 
24, 180 


Short 
tons 
19, 740 
38, 720 
28, 880 
30, 570 
17,400 
15,450 
18, 130 
20, 590 
17,810 
31, 180 


Short 
tons 
28, 130 
42, 925 
32, 250 
41, 970 
18, 930 
19, 140 
18, 660 
18, 480 
16, 870 
31, 330 


Short 
tons 
36, 240 
40, 430 
40, 930 
25, 960 
16, 940 
18, 120 
22, 090 
17, 040 
23, 160 
22, 310 


Short 
tons 
37,760 
33, 130 
27,780 
28, 920 
21, 160 
12,390 
16,640 
15, 120 
19,710 
30, 510 


Short 
tons 
35, 740 
31,910 
42, 080 
26, 990 
19, 520 
12, 930 
16, 220 
14, 200 
17, 550 
30,040 


Short 
tons 
40, 000 
51, 250 
44,860 
34, 375 
12, 610 
10, 960 
15,300 
9,480 
15, 480 


Short 
tons 
30,240 
36, 990 
41, 850 
16, 560 
12, 520 
10, 120 
12, 320 
8,750 
16, 740 


Short 
tons 
25, 550 
27,890 
22, 870 
14, 220 

10, 520 
10,070 

11, 580 
10, 070 
17, 200 


Short 
tons 
17, 860 
14, 630 
14, 630 
13, 380 
8,750 
12, 240 
12, 280 
12, 300 
15, 270 


Short 
tons 
16,000 
9,870 
11, 260 
12, 960 
10,040 
15, 970 
14, 750 
13, 670 
16, 420 


Short 

tons 

321,310 


1928-29 


380, 940 


1929-30 


350, 875 


1930-31 


301, 740 


1931-32 


187, 040 


1932-33 


169, 200 


1933-34 


206, 430 


1934-35 -. 


186, 100 


1935-36 


219, 820 


1936-37 



















PRICE 





Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1927-28 


21.60 


21.75 


22 .40 


23.40 


23.10 


22.75 


23.30 


24.40 


26.25 


29.40 


33.50 


34.25 


25.50 


1928-29 


31.70 


27.60 


25.60 


26.00 


26.60 


26.60 


28.60 


29.75 


29.90 


28.50 


28.00 


27.00 


28.00 


1929-30. 


25.10 


23.50 


25.00 


27.30 


27.50 


26.80 


27.40 


27.40 


25.50 


23.60 


25.00 


23.80 


25.70 


1930-31.- ---. 


22.00 


22.70 


24.70 


26.60 


25.60 


25.00 


24.20 


23.60 


21.25 


20.40 


21.00 


19.60 


25.00 


1931-32 


18.10 


17.90 


16.80 


17.60 


17.20 


19.00 


18.60 


18.90 


17.60 


17.00 


17.00 


17.00 


17.70 


1932-33- 


15.40 


15.50 


15.90 


16.00 


15.60 


15.40 


15.25 


15.10 


15.00 


15.25 


15.60 


16.20 


15.50 


1933-34 - 


16.00 


17.30 


18.20 


19.40 


19.10 


19.00 


19.00 


19.20 


» 19. 00 


119.00 


U9.00 


1 19. 10 


18.60 


1934-35 


20.60 


24.25 


27.20 


27.25 


25.75 


25.20 


26.40 


26.00 


25.50 


24.70 


24.90 


26. 25 


25. 30 


1935-36 2..- 


26.00 


22.40 


20.50 


20.50 


20.20 


20.00 


19.50 


19.10 


19.50 


19.50 


19.00 


18.50 


20.40 


1936-37. 


18.00 


21.10 


25.10 


25.10 


24.20 


24.90 


24.40 





























i Fine ground. 

J Reported as fine, beginning August 1935. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Production data from reports of meal manufacturers to the Bureau 
through its market news service; prices are from reports of Bureau representatives in the market, and are 
average bulk of sales prices for 1 day each week. 



230 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. 1937 



Table 310. — Pasture: ■ Condition, 1st of month, by States, average 1923-32, and 

annual 1936 





May 


June 


July 


August 


j Septem- 
ber 


October 


State and division 


Aver- 
age, 
1923- 

32 


1936 


! Aver- 
age. 
1923- 
32 


1936 


Aver- 
age, 
1923- 
32 


1936 


Aver- 
age, 

1923- 
32 


1936 


Aver- 
age. 
1923- 

32 


1936 


Aver- 
age. 
1923- 
32 


1936 


"Maine. . 


Pet. 

So 
85 
84 
81 
81 
80 
78 
79 


83 
84 
88 
81 
77 
81 
SO 
76 


pa. 

86 
87 
88 
85 
86 
86 
83 
82 
82 


pa. 

87 
85 
90 
S3 
73 
81 
84 
70 
72 


pa. 

88 
86 
93 

84 

So 
86 
86 

77 
81 


pa. 

86 
77 
73 
72 
72 
81 
68 
69 
65 


pa. 

86 
85 
92 
78 
79 
76 
81 
71 
76 


pa. 

80 
74 
73 
60 
57 
72 
44 
49 
51 


pa. 

81 
81 
SS 
77 
76 
75 
74 
73 
72 


pa. 

66 
68 
62 
57 
64 
60 
49 
50 
65 


pa. 

79 
78 
85 
77 
75 
77 
74 
73 
71 


Pet. 
69 


New Hampshire .... 


64 


Vermont 


72 


Massachusetts _ ... 


75 


Ehode Island 


76 


Connecticut . _ 


70 


New York. . . 


70 


2s ew Jersev . 


56 


Pennsylvania... .. ... 


64 






North Atlantic 


79.0 


79.5 


S3. 5 


79.6 


S4.3 


68. 9 


79.2 


51.9 


74 6 


56.8 


74.1 


67.5 


Ohio.. 


76 

77 
79 
69 
76 
76 
82 
81 
72 
78 
83 
S2 


70 

70 
69 
72 
SO 
73 
71 
64 
61 
61 
72 
53 


79 
SO 
79 
81 
80 
77 
SO 
79 
73 
76 
S4 
84 


SO 
78 
79 
81 
SS 
88 
85 
72 
52 
62 
77 
75 


78 
80 
SO 
SI 
82 

so 

84 
83 

77 

77 
88 

85 


53 
48 
56 
63 
72 
67 
73 
40 
29 
33 
57 
55 


76 
73 
72 
70 
74 
70 
74 
73 
69 
66 
76 
77 


39 
23 
26 
35 
23 
29 
23 
14 
13 
12 
22 
22 


73 
73 
72 
61 
66 
65 
75 
75 
64 
62 
73 
73 


49 
28 
23 
41 
36 
29 
21 
7 
14 
12 
25 
14 


75 
79 
76 
69 
72 
70 
81 
75 
64 
65 
76 
77 


60 


Indiana 


58 


Illinois . 


42 


Michigan... .. 


82 


Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


S5 
63 


Iowa... 


58 


Missouri... 


28 


North Dakota 


26 


South Dakota 


25 


Nebraska 


26 


Kansas 


28 






North Central 


7S.6 


6S.0 


so.o 


77.9 


82.1 


55. S 


73.3 


23.9 


70.8 


24.7 


74.7 


,7.5 


Delaware . 


77 
75 
77 
76 
80 
76 
78 
79 


69 

73 

69 
74 
66 
74 
79 


81 
78 
SO 
80 
SO 
73 
78 
77 


61 
59 
47 
63 
46 
44 
49 
70 


72 

74 
77 
79 
81 
75 
76 
83 


63 
56 
41 
45 
47 
51 
44 
77 


68 

67 
72 
78 
77 
72 
77 
85 


64 
53 
52 

45 
60 
53 
50 
75 


70 


62 


66 

68 
71 
74 
74 
65 
68 
85 


72 


Marvla^d 


68 
74 
7S 
78 
68 
71 
86 


56 
63 
56 
80 
71 
71 
82 


61 


Virginia . 


57 


West \ ireinia .. 


55 


North Carolina 




South Carolina 


65 


Georgia... 


67 


Florida 


SI 








South Atlantic. 


77.3 


71.6 


7S.9 


52.5 


77.7 


46.9 


74.9 


52.6 


74. 4 ' 66. 


71.4 


63.1 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama. ... 


79 
79 
78 
79 
79 
79 
SO 
SO 


"67 
67 
74 
71 
69 
71 
40 
52 


81 
82 
79 
81 
82 
S2 
82 
S3 


62 
47 
65 
75 
72 
76 
64 
76 


82 

79 
77 
7S 
79 
79 
82 
80 


27 
23 
44 
50 
43 
52 
50 
66 


76 
73 
75 
74 
72 
74 
73 
71 


33 
60 
68 
74 
55 
76 
25 
72 


76 
73 
7° 
72 
66 
71 
65 
63 


32 
49 
76 
67 
22 
71 
14 
52 


75 
72 
68 
70 
67 
70 
67 
68 


46 
55 
70 


Mississippi 


63 


Arkansas 


36 


Louisiana 


66 


Oklahoma 


31 


Texas 


65 






South Central 


79.6 


57.0 


82. 


68.9 


SO.O 


51.6 


72.5 


59.0 


67. : 45. 6 


69.2 


56.0 


Montana 


S2 
86 
88 
S3 
76 
86 
86 
83 
84 
S9 
82 


70 
S4 
85 
63 
56 
90 
83 
90 
78 
87 
87 


81 
90 
93 
86 
SO 
85 
88 
87 
85 
91 
SO 


74 
86 
61 
76 
65 
75 
75 
82 
87 
93 
84 


82 
87 
92 
84 
75 
82 
81 
83 
84 
88 
78 


50 
88 

56 
69 
69 
80 
75 
SO 
91 
93 
81 


75 
80 
86 
79 
73 
81 
77 
SI 
74 
SO 
76 


33 
81 

42 
50 
61 
7S 
82 
87 
S3 
86 
78 


73 


23 


74 
77 
S3 
77 
79 
82 
76 
78 
69 
75 
73 


33 


Idaho 


76 
85 

SO 
82 

S3 
76 
78 
68 
74 
74 


80 
48 
62 
44 
80 
88 
S3 
69 
82 
76 


77 


Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

^Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 


48 
58 
61 
82 

82 
71 
71 
72 


Western 


S3. 


77.4 


S4. 1 


73. 


SI. 9 


72 6 


77.3 


54.0 


76.6 


61.2 


75.8 


61.8 


United States 


79.4 


68.6 


81. 3 


74.5 


81.6 


58.1 


74.4 


41.6 


71.5 


40.3 


73.5 


54.3 



1 For range States, condition given as reported. Probably relates largely to farm pasture, i. e., range 
not included. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 231 

Table 311. — Pasture and range: Condition, 1st of month. United States, 1927-86 









Pasture 










Range 1 






Year 


























May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 




Pet. 


Pet. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


Pd. 


1927 


87.0 


88.3 


92.8 


86.9 


84.2 


80.1 


89 


89 


94 


94 


95 


94 


1928 


71.3 


78.6 


84.4 


85.6 


83.3 


77.7 


85 


90 


91 


90 


87 


85 


1929 


86.9 


87.2 


87.5 


79.7 


67.1 


70.2 


84 


87 


88 


86 


83 


84 


1930 


77.3 


80.4 


74.6 


56.4 


47.7 


56.1 


89 


92 


88 


82 


81 


82 


1931 


78.8 


78.5 


73.0 


63.7 


63.0 


63.5 


84 


82 


79 


73 


73 


71 


1932 


74.1 


77.6 


79.0 


71.1 


67.6 


67.1 


81 


89 


92 


88 


84 


84 


1933 


71.5 


81.5 


60.5 


55.6 


59.5 


65.6 


76 


82 


78 


74 


75 


76 


1934.... 


66.2 


53.2 


48.9 


39.6 


43.1 


54.0 


80 


70 


66 


55 


54 


55 


1935- 


69.5 


77.7 


85.4 


81.1 


74.3 


73.8 


70 


82 


88 


85 


81 


83 


1936 


68.6 


74.5 


58.1 


41.6 


40.3 


54.3 


79 


83 


76 


72 


70 


74 







1 Western division and includes range areas of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Okla- 
homa, and Texas. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Condition of pasture for earlier years in 1928 Yearbook, table 296. 

Table 312. — Hops: Acreage, production, Dec. 1 price, foreign trade, and 
consumption, United States, 1910-11 to 1936-87 



Year beginning July 


Acreage 
harvested 


Average 

yield 
per acre 


Produc- 
tion 


Dec. 1 
price per 
pound re- 
ceived 
by farm- 
ers 1 


Foreign trade, year beginning 
July 


Con- 
sump- 
tion by 
brew- 
eries * 


Imports 2 


Domestic 
exports 2 


Net ex- 
ports 3 


1910-11 


Acres 


Pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


Cents 


1,000 

pounds 

8,558 

2,991 

8,494 

5,382 

11, 651 

676 

237 

121 

0) 

2,696 

4,808 

893 

1,295 

761 

439 

581 

470 

753 

649 

926 

1,026 

T 1, 253 

4,572 

• 5, 535 

5,528 

5,935 


1,000 
pounds 
13, 105 
12, 191 
17, 591 
24,263 
16, 210 
22, 410 
4,875 
3,495 
7,467 
30, 780 
22, 206 

19, 522 
13, 497 

20, 461 
16, 122 
14, 998 
13, 369 
11,812 

8,836 
8,793 
5,593 
3,817 
2,431 
7,588 
6,735 
6,349 


1,000 

pounds 

4,565 

9,235 

9,133 

18, 911 
4,576 

21, 869 
4,664 
3,411 
7,472 

28, 187 

18, 226 
19, 116 
12, 401 

19, 832 
15, 737 
14, 592 
12, 936 
11, 087 

8,198 
5,901 
4,583 
2,564 
8 2,141 
2, 053 
1,207 
414 


1,000 
pounds 
45, 069 
42, 437 


1911-12. 










1912-13 










44,238 


1913-14 










43, 988 


1914-15 










38, 839 


1915-16 


44, 653 
43,900 
29,900 
25,900 
22,000 
27,000 
27,000 
23, 400 
18,440 
20, 350 
20, 350 
20,800 
24,600 
26,200 
24,400 
19, 500 
21,400 
22,000 
30,300 
36,800 
38,900 
31, 500 


1,187 
1,152 
983 
829 
1,287 
1,243 
1,087 
1,186 
1,071 
1,360 
1,404 
1,516 
1,246 
1,257 
1,360 
1,202 
1,234 
1,094 
1,319 
1,194 
1,227 
740 


52, 986 
50,595 
29, 388 
21, 481 
28,320 
33, 555 

29, 340 
27,744 
19, 751 
27,670 
28,573 
31, 522 

30, 658 
32,944 
33, 195 
23,447 
26, 410 
24,058 
39, 965 

10 43,952 

10 47,746 

23,310 


11.7 
12.0 
33.3 
19.3 
77.4 
35.7 
24.1 

8.6 
18.8 
10.3 
21.8 
23.1 
22.9 
19.3 
11.4 
14.8 
13.8 
17.5 
30.4 
14.5 

9.8 
27.4 


37, 452 


1916-17 


41, 959 


1917-18 


33, 481 


1918-19 


13, 925 


1919-20 


6,441 


1920-21 


5,989 


1921-22 


4,453 


1922-23 


4,556 


1923-24 


3,815 


1924-25 


6 3, 256 


1925-26 . 


« 3, 426 


1926-27 


o 3, 149 


1927-28 


6 3,071 


1928-29 


2,735 


1929-30 .. 


2,627 


1930-31. 


2,197 


1931-32 


1,841 


1932-33.. 


7,767 


1933-34 


26, 235 


1934-35 


31,773 


1935-36 


34, 516 


1936-37 u 















i From 1932-33 to 1936-37, season average price. 

2 Compiled from Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States, June issues, 1910-20; 
January and June issues, 1927-36; and official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 

» Total exports (domestic plus foreign) minus total imports; beginning 1933-34 domestic exports minus 
imports for consumption. 

* 1920-21 to 1931-32 represent hops used to make cereal beverages containing less than 0.5 percent of alco- 
hol by volume; 1932-33 includes 867,057 pounds of hops used to make cereal beverages containing less than 
0.5 percent of alcohol by volume and 6,900,263 pounds fermented malt liquor containing not more than 3.2 
percent of alcohol by weight; 1933-34 to date, used for fermented liquor. Records of the Bureau of Internal 
Revenue, 1910-11 to 1925-26, and 1933-34 to date; annual reports of the Commissioner of Prohibition, 1926-27 
to 1929-30; and Commissioner of Industrial Alcohol, 1930-31 to 1932-33. 

5 Less than 500 pounds. 

«Not including 57,936 pounds in 1924, 71,508 pounds in 1925, 960 pounds in 1926, and 6,294 pounds in 1927 
used in the manufacture of distilled spirits. 

i Includes hop extract and lupulin beginning 1931-32. 

8 Net imports. 

9 Beginning 1933-34 imports for consumption. 

io Includes 802,000 pounds in 1934-35 and 5,436,000 pounds in 1935-36 not harvested on account of lal.or 
shortage and market conditions. Prices are computed on the harvested crop. 
11 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



232 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 313. — Hops: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per pound 
received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


Aver- 
age, 
1923-32 


1935 


1936 » 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


19361 


1935 


19361 


Washington ■ 


Acres 
2,600 
15, 800 
4,300 


Acres 
6,000 
26, 000 
6, 900 


Acres 
4,500 
21,600 
5,400 


Lb. 
1,927 
1,041 
1,651 


Lb. 
1,819 
992 
1,600 


Lb. 
1,520 
450 
1,250 


1,000 

lb. 
4,700 
15,961 
7,350 


1,000 

lb. 
» 10, 914 
2 25, 792 
2 11, 040 


1,000 

lb. 
6,840 
9,720 
6,750 


Ct. 
9.2 
9.9 
10.0 


Ct. 
24.0 


Oregon 

California 


30.0 
27.0 


United States 


22, 700 


38, 900 


31, 500 


1,274 


1,227 


740 


28, 011 


2 47,746 


23, 310 


9.8 


27.4 



1 Preliminary. 

2 Includes the following quantities not harvested on account of labor shortage and market conditions: 
"Washington, 2,600,000 pounds; Oregon, 2,250,000 pounds; California, 586,000 pounds. Value and price are 
for portion harvested; 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 314.- 



-Hops: Acreage and production in specified countries, average 1925-26 
to 1929-30, annual 1934-85 to 1936-37 





Acreage 


Production 


Country 


Aver- 
age 

1925-26 
to 

1929-30 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37' 


Aver- 
age 
1925-26 

to 
1929-30 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 1 


NORTH AMERICA 

Canada 2 


Acres 

870 

23, 270 


Acres 

1,156 

36, 800 


Acres 

1,123 

38, 900 


Acres 
31,566" 


1,000 
pounds 

1,130 
31,378 


1,000 
pounds 

1,406 
' 43,952 


1,000 

pounds 

1,766 

< 47,746 


1,000 
pounds 


United States 3 


23,310 








24, 140 


37, 956 


40,023 




32, 508 


* 45,358 1*49.512 








EUROPE 


24, 530 

3,441 

10,924 

35, 902 

561 

32, 067 

349 

14, 353 

5 205 

6,052 


18, 037 

2,170 

4,762 

23, 850 

133 

27, 055 

267 

5.S96 

40 

7,102 


18, 251 

2,068 

4,826 

25, 244 

86 

28, 948 

299 

8,649 

109 

7,685 


18, 317 
2,000 
5,004 

25, 061 

~29,~076~ 
"~7,"666~ 
""8,"40l" 


34, 577 

5,118 

10, 798 

16,111 

188 

21, 520 

170 

7,229 

5 90 

3,403 


29. 008 
2,824 
6.030 

14, 427 
148 

15, 595 
128 

3,159 

17 

3,172 


27, 776 

2,535 

5,098 

18, 941 

117 

15, 432 

154 

4,170 

52 

3,732 


28, 224 


Belgium 

France ------ 


3,172 
3,644 


Germany 


22, 271 








27, 558 






Yugoslavia. . _ -- 


4,327 


■Rumania 




Poland . 


4,277 






Total European countries re- 
porting acreage and produc- 


127, 269 

2,177 
150, 539 

155, 000 


88, 872 

1,750 
125, 672 

129, 000 


95, 671 

1,850 
134, 571 

138, 000 


94, 859 

126, 359 
130, 000 


98, 756 

3,213 
130, 134 

134, 925 


74,215 

2,975 

« 118,167 

122, 841 


77, 684 

3,416 
•125,430 

140, 925 


93, 473 


OCEANIA 

Australia and New Zealand 




Total, countries reporting acre- 
age and production, all years, 

Estimated world total exclud- 
ing Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics 


116, 783 
131, 060 







1 Preliminary. 

2 British Columbia. 

3 Principal producing States. 

4 Includes the following quantities 
1934-35, 802,000 pounds; 1935-36, 5,436, 

5 Average for 2 years. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



not harvested on account of labor shortage and market conditions: 
000 pounds. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 233 

Table 315. — Hops: International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1982-S5 








Calendar year 


Country 


Average 1925-29 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 1 




Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


Ex- 
ports 


Im- 
ports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORT- 
ING COUNTRIES 

Czechoslovakia 

United States 

Yugoslavia... 


1,000 
pounds 
15, 936 
12,654 
9,427 
5,601 
3,552 
387 

J346 
269 


1,000 

pounds 

1,228 

612 

231 

4,458 

447 

6 

2 126 
208 


1,000 

pounds 

12, 312 

3,007 

3,643 

84 

4,133 

200 

46 
32 


1,000 

pounds 



1,300 

54 

3,540 

11 

1 



28 


1,000 

pounds 

10, 975 

6,727 

3,105 

624 

2,640 

592 

216 
70 


1,000 

pounds 



5,938 

5 

3,499 

15 

1 

2 
10 


1,000 
pounds 
14, 244 
6,003 
4,430 
3,041 
4,247 
344 

57 
134 


1,000 

pounds 



6,105 

18 

2,952 

9 

40 

2 

10 


1,000 
pounds 
10, 844 
6,221 
7,901 
1,741 
3,710 
448 

22 


1,000 

pounds 



5, 273 

22 




2,490 


Poland 


17 


New Zealand 

Union of Soviet 
Socialist Repub- 
lics 


14 
22 












Total 


48, 172 


7,316 


23, 457 


4,934 


24, 949 


9,470 


32, 500 


9,136 


30, 887 


7.838 


PRINCIPAL IMPORT- 
ING COUNTRIES 


2,964 

4,672 



2,173 

117 

387 

89 





1 





1 

8 





121 




11, 408 

7,855 

5,997 

5,300 

3,082 

2,574 

1,273 

1,101 

1,097 

1,081 

1,051 

908 

814 

672 

530 
334 
310 
166 


4,657 

2,158 



382 

19 

15 

36 





1 





2 

2 





56 




3,827 

1,675 

4,558 

5,016 

1,502 

751 

677 

642 

975 

1,080 

46 

944 

696 

170 

252 

251 

42 

133 


7,481 

2,273 



942 

15 

773 

13 



2 







1 

24 



67 



4,680 

4,989 

4,109 

3,952 

696 

675 

483 

823 

779 

524 

416 

914 

496 

185 

310 
219 

64 

84 


6,909 

1,499 



1,282 

79 

348 

4 



6 







1 

17 




20 



5,246 

4,877 

4,402 

5,455 

1,124 

1,308 

756 

2 938 

1,128 

757 

480 

883 

898 

194 

456 
262 
110 
109 


6,841 

1,705 



842 

35 

391 

21 



2 







2 


6,299 


United Kingdom... 
Irish Free State 


4,661 
4,651 
4,478 




1,309 


Canada 


1,678 


Netherlands. 


734 


Switzerland 

Sweden 


887 
953 


Argentina 


464 


Japan .. 


933 


Denmark 


723 


Italy 




Union of South 




52 



442 




248 


Hungary . ... 


11 


British India. 


84 


Total 


10, 533 


45, 553 


7,328 


23, 237 


11,591 


24, 39S 


10, 165 


29, 383 


9,891 


28, 555 



i Preliminary. 

2 International Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. Lupulin and hopfen- 
mehl (hop meal) are not included when given separately. 

Table 316. — Peanuts: Acreage, yield, production, season average price per pound 
received by farmers, and value, United States, 1924-36 



Year 


Total 
acreage i 


Acreage 
harvested 
for nuts 2 


Yield 
per acre 


Production 


Price 


Farm value 


1924.- 


1,000 acres 
1,852 
1,667 
1,520 
1,898 
2,039 
2,064 
1,881 
2,299 
2,649 
2,350 
2,626 
2,550 
2,701 


1,000 acres 
1,259 
1,130 
1,032 
1,230 
1,375 
1,400 
1,136 
1,469 
1,707 
1,468 
1,699 
1,725 
1,736 


Lb. 

644.9 
700.3 
736.2 
758.9 
681.2 
693. 5 
036.2 
721.4 
609.9 
659. 1 
661.0 
755.2 
749.2 


1,000 pounds 

811,955 

791,355 

759, 715 

933, 465 

936, 585 

970, 932 

722, 745 

1, 059, 745 

1,041,150 

967, 620 

1,123,040 

1, 302, 805 

1, 300, 540 


Cents 
5.77 
4.49 
4.88 
5.07 
4.95 
3. so 
3.57 
2.05 
1.54 
2.83 
3.29 
3.13 
3.39 


1,000 dollars 
46,884 


1925 


35, 504 


1926 . 


37. 051 


1927— 


47,372 


1928 


46. 407 


1929 


36,851 


1930 .- 


25,815 


1931 


21,713 


1932 .. _ 


16, 050 


1933... 


27, 362 


1934 -- 


36, 980 


1935 .. 


40, 73S 


1936 3 


44. 150 







1 Includes peanuts planted in corn and peanuts grazed or hogged off. 

2 Solid equivalent of acres from which peanuts were harvested. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



234 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 317. — Peanuts: Acreage, yield, production, and season average price per 
pound received by farmers, by States, averages, and annual 1935 and 1936 





Total acreage > 


Acreage har- 
vested for nuts 2 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Price for 
crop of— 


State 


Av- 
er- 
age, 
1928- 
32 


1935 


1936' 


Av- 
er- 
age, 
1928- 
32 


1935 


19363 


Av- 
er- 
age, 
1924- 
32 


1935 


19363 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-32 


1935 


1936 3 


1935 


1936 3 




1,000 

acres 

149 

247 

17 

706 

257 

15 

408 

31 

43 

22 

67 

225 


1,000 

acres 

148 

239 

20 

832 

286 

11 

488 

45 

70 

38 

66 

307 


1,000 

acres 

148 

248 

18 

992 

305 

9 

480 

37 

56 

40 

53 

315 


1,000 
acres 

148 

226 
13 

421 
54 
15 

263 
25 
17 
11 
51 

174 


1,000 
acres 

147 

225 
14 

524 
62 
11 

352 
37 
27 
14 
50 

262 


1,000 

acres 

144 

228 

12 

605 

68 

9 

327 

31 

22 

16 

37 

236 


Lb. 

970 
1,013 
663 
588 
590 
755 
558 
540 
570 
486 
594 
513 


Lb. 
1,050 
1,150 
680 
700 
610 
625 
720 
510 
500 
440 
600 
560 


Lb. 
1,050 
1,070 
680 
740 
675 
625 
780 
520 
425 
480 
270 
420 


1,000 

lb. 

148, 324 

223, 450 

8,760 

239, 582 

28, 648 

10, 425 

145, 160 

13, 522 

9,166 

5,290 

26, 680 

87, 224 


1,000 

lb. 

154, 350 

258, 750 

9, 520 

366, 800 

37, 820 

6,875 

253, 440 

18, 870 

13, 500 

6,160 

30,000 

146, 720 


1,000 

lb. 

151, 200 

243, 960 

8,160 

447, 700 

46, 575 

5,625 

255, 060 

16, 120 

9,350 

7,680 

9,990 

99, 120 


Ct. 
3.2 
3.2 
4.5 
3.2 
2.9 
3.3 
2.8 
4.6 
4.1 
4.8 
3.2 
2.9 


Ct. 
3.8 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


3.8 
4.2 
3.3 


Florida 


3.0 




3.5 




2.9 


Mississippi 


4.9 

4.4 




5.1 




3.6 


Texas 


3.1 






United States ... 


2,186 


2,550 


2,701 


1,417 


1,725 


1,736 


686.9 


755.2 


749.2 


946, 231 


1,302,805 


1,300,540 


3.13 


3.39 



1 Includes peanuts planted in corn and peanuts grazed or hogged off. 

2 Solid equivalent of acres from which peanuts were harvested. 

3 Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 



Table 318. 



-Peanuts: Average price per pound, in the shell, received by farmers, 
United States, 1926-27 to 1936-37 



Year 


Sept. 
15 


Oct. 
15 


Nov. 
15 


Dec. 

15 


Jan. 
15 


Feb. 
15 


Mar. 
15 


Apr. 
15 


May 
15 


June 
15 


July 

15 


Aug. 
15 


Weight- 
ed aver- 
age 


1926-27 


Cents 
5.1 
6.0 
5.0 
4.6 
3.9 
3.1 
2.0 
2.5 
3.3 
3.4 
3.7 


Cents 
4.9 
4.9 
4.6 
4.4 
4.2 
2.3 
1.6 
2.5 
3.2 
3.3 
3.5 


Cents 
4.6 
4.6 
4.8 
4.0 
3.8 
2.2 
1.6 
2.7 
3.1 
3.1 
3.3 


Cents 
4.7 
5.2 
5.1 
3.8 
3.2 
2.0 
1.2 
2.6 
3.3 
3.0 
3.6 


Cents 
4.9 
5.4 
5.0 
3.7 
3.2 
2.0 
1.3 
2.9 
3.5 
3.0 


Cents 
5.4 
5.4 
5.1 
3.5 
3.6 
1.9 
1.3 
3.1 
4.1 
3.1 


Cents 
5.6 
5.4 
5.1 
3.5 
3.7 
2.0 
1.5 
3.2 
4.4 
3.0 


Cents 
5.7 
5.5 
5.2 
3.5 
3.9 
1.9 
1.5 
3.4 
4.4 
3.1 


Cents 
5.9 
5.7 
5.0 
3.7 
4.1 
1.7 
2.1 
3.4 
4.4 
3.3 


Cents 
6.6 
5.6 
5.1 
3.6 
3.9 
1.6 
2.3 
3.3 
4.1 
3.3 


Cents 
6.4 
5.5 
4.9 
3.7 
3.8 
1.4 
2.5 
3.2 
3.9 
3.7 


Cents 
6.4 
5.5 
4.7 
3.8 
3.6 
1.7 
2.6 
3.3 
3.4 
3.8 


Cents 
4.9 


1927-28 


5.1 


1928-29 


5.0 


1929-30 

1930-31 . 


3.8 
3.6 


1931-32 

1932-33 


2.0 

1.5 


1933-34 


2.8 


1934-35 

1935-36 


3.3 
3.1 


1936-37. 


1 3.4 























i Preliminary. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Based on returns from special price reporters. Monthly prices, by 
States, weighted by production to obtain a price for the United States; average for the year obtained by 
weighting State price averages for the crop marketing season. Data for earlier years in December 1935 
issue of crops and markets, p. 534. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 



235 



Table 319. — Peanuts: Average price per pound to growers, f. o. b. country shipping 
point basis, by months, 1926-27 to 19S5-S6 

VIRGINIA TYPE BUNCH 



Year 



1926-27.. 
1927-28.. 
1928-29.. 
1929-30.. 
1930-31.. 
1931-32.. 
1932-33- 
1933-34- 
1934-35 i 
1935-36- 



Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


m 


4 


4 


4H 


434 


4% 


VA 


4M 


5% 


m 


5H 


PA 


PA 


4M 


4 7 A 


PA 


5H 


5 


*y s 


pa 


pa 


PA 


3 


2K 


pa 


3H 


3 


PA 


pa 


PA 


2A 


m 


1% 


IK 


iy?. 


m 


m 


i% 


1 


l 


1 


1 


2H 


2y 2 


2Vs 


m 


3 


PA 


3 


3 


pa 


PA 


4 


4M 


3 


3 


2% 


-m 


2Vs 


2K 



Apr. 


May 


June 


July 


Aug. 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


m 


4% 


5 


m 


VA 


h% 


PA 


5V 2 


PA 


4M 


4H 


&A 


m 


*A 


4M 


2'A 


3 


m 


PA 


PA 


PA 


PA 


4 


4 


m 


Wn 


m 


Wa 


Vi 


m 


1A 


m 


1% 


2A 


2H 


PA 


m 


m 


PA 


PA 


4 


m 


PA 


PA 


PA 


m 


Wz 


PA 


4M 


VA 



Sept. 



Cents 

"'lA 
VA 
4H 
PA 
VA 
2A. 
P/s 
PA 
VA 



SOUTHEASTERN RUNNERS 



1926-27 




4.2 
3.0 
3.5 
2.2 
2.2 
1.1 
.8 
2.1 
2.5 
2.5 


4.1 
3.6 

3.8 
2.0 


4.8 
3.7 
3.6 
2.0 


5.4 
3.5 
3.7 
2.0 
















1927-28 


2.8 


3.6 
3.2 














1928-29 




2.6 










1929-30 


2.2 

2.3 
1.0 
1.0 

2.1 
2.4 
2.5 










1930-31. 
















1931-32 


1.0 
.6 
2.1 
3.0 
2.5 


.8 

.9 

2.4 

3.3 

2.5 


.8 

.9 

2.5 

4.2 

2.5 


1.0 

1.0 
2.6 
4.0 
2.4 


.9 
1.1 
2.5 


.8 
1.6 
2.5 


0.6 

1.8 
2.5 
3.8 
2.5 


0.8 






1932-33 






1933-34 

1934-35 1 


2.5 


2.5 


2.~4 


1935-36 


2.5 


2.6 


3.1 


3.2 


2.5 



SOUTHEASTERN SPANISH 



1926-27. 
1927-28. 
1928-29 
1929-30. 
1930-31. 
1931-32. 
1932-33. 
1933-34. 
1934-35 
1935-36. 



4.6 


5.2 


5.4 


5.9 


6.6 


6.8 


6.7 


6.2 


5.8 


5.8 


4.0 


3.6 


3.9 


4.6 


4.6 


4.3 


4.1 


4.0 


3.8 


4.0 


3.6 


3.4 


3.6 


4.3 


4.4 


4.4 


4.2 


3.8 


3.6 


3.6 


3.5 


3.2 


3.2 


3.2 


3.2 


3.0 


2.6 


2.8 


3.1 


2.9 


2.8 


2.8 


3.0 


3.2 


3.2 


3.1 


2.8 


3.0 


3.4 


3.4 


3.6 


3.6 


3.5 


3.2 


2.8 


1.2 


1.2 


1.2 


1.2 


1.2 


1.4 


1.2 


1.0 


.8 


.8 


1.3 


1.2 


1.1 


.9 


1.1 


1.1 


1.2 


1.4 


2.1 


2.4 


2.7 


2.7 


2.4 


2.5 


2.5 


2.8 


2.7 


2.8 


2.6 


2.6 


2.7 


2.7 


2.7 


2.7 


3.0 


3.4 


4.0 


5.0 


5.3 


4.7 


4.6 


4.0 


3.4 




2.9 


2.9 


2.9 


2.7 


2.7 


2.8 


2.9 


3.0 


3.0 


3.4 


3.3 



3.6 
3.6 
3.4 



SOUTHWESTERN SPANISH 



1926-27 


4.3 
3.2 
3.3 
3.1 
3.3 
1.4 
.9 
2.3 
2.8 
2.9 


4.4 
3.3 
3.3 
2.8 
3.1 
1.6 
.9 
2.2 
2.8 
2.9 


4.6 
4.0 
3.5 
2.5 
2.5 
1.4 
.7 
2.2 
3.1 
2.3 


5.2 
4.5 
3.7 
2.2 
— ---- 

.9 
2.7 
3.5 
2.2 


5.7 
4.0 
3.6 
2.3 
3.1 
1.0 
1.1 
2.8 
3.9 
2.5 


5.7 
3.9 


5.8 
3.9 








4.0 


3.3 


1927-28 . 


3.9 






3.3 


1928-29 


3.7 






3.5 


1929-30 


2.2 
3.1 
1.0 
1.3 
2.8 
4.3 
2.7 


2.1 


2.1 




4.0 
2.8 
1.6 
2.4 
2.9 
2.9 
3.4 


3.7 


1930-31 






1.8 


1931-32 

1932-33 


1.0 

1.4 
2.8 


.9 


.9 


""2.~5~ 


1.6 
2.5 


1933-34 . 


2.8 




3.0 


1934-35 > 




3.7 


2.9 


1935-36 


3.3 


3.2 




2.9 



1 Farmers signing acreage-restriction contracts, as most commercial producers did, were eligible to receive 
in addition, from the Department of Agriculture, 0.4 cent per pound for the quantity of peanuts harvested 
in 1934, or not less than $2 per acre of the allotted peanut acreage on a farm covered by an A. A. A. contract. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Prices compiled from weekly market news reports on peanuts issued by the Bureau. In the Virginia- 
North Carolina section peanut growers usually sell by eighth fractions of a cent per pound; in the South- 
eastern section sales are on a per-ton basis, and in the Southwestern States sales are on a 30-pound bushel 
basis. For the 2 latter areas, conversions have been made to a per-pound basis. 



236 



AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1937 



Table 320. — Peanuts: Yearly average price per pound of cleaned and shelled pea- 
nuts for prompt shipment, f. o. b. important shipping points, November 1924- 
October 1936, by approximate crop years l 

VIRGINIA-NORTH CAROLINA SECTION: VIRGINIA, NORTH CAROLINA, AND 

TENNESSEE a 



Classification 


1924- 
25 


1925- 
26 


1926- 
27 


1927- 
28 


1928- 
29 


1929- 
30 


1930- 
31 


1931- 
32 


1932- 
33 


1933- 
34 5 


1934- 
35 5 


1935- 
36« 


Cleaned Virginias: 


Cents 
11 

12% 

9H 
5H 


Cents 
7% 
& 5 A 

m 


Cents 

m 

VA 
WA 

m 

7 


Cents 

im 

7V 8 

m 

12 
8 


Cents 

e'A 

6 

ion 

5M 


Cents 
7V 2 
5% 

m 

5A 


Cents 
8 

6M 
5M 

m 

&A 


Cents 

2A 
2H 

VA 

3 

2Vs 


Cents 
&A 

3 

4 
3 5 A 

m 


Cents 

m 

5 


Cents 


Cents 
7 




5M 


Extras . . 


Shelled. Virginias: 

Extra lame 

No. 1 . 


S l A 
7V% 


m 

5M 


No. 2 







SOUTHEASTERN SECTION: GEORGIA, ALABAMA, AND FLORIDA 3 



Shelled: 

Spanish, No. 1. 

Spanish, No. 2. 
Runners, No. 1 
Runners, No. 2 



7V* 


8M 


m 


7 


Wa 


5H 


5H 


2H 


ZV> 


5Vh 


8V* 


m 


7 


7% 


5% 


5Vs 


m 


5 


2% 


3^ 


4% 


7H 


7% 


7% 


8H 


6^ 


6H 


m 


5H 


2V* 


3K 


m 


7% 


5H 


VA 


m 


5 b A 


5M 


4 


&A 


2A 


3 


VA 


7H 



5H 
5 

5^ 
5 



SOUTHWESTERN SECTION: TEXAS AND OKLAHOMA * 



Shelled: 

Spanish, No. 1. 
Spanish, No. 2. 



m 


SV H 


mi 


7A 


7Va 


6A 


6H 


3 


m 


5% 


m 


7M 


7M 


m 


VA 


6}4 


m 


5A 


2A 


-m 


5 


7M 



&A 

5M 



1 Crop year extends from November through next October in the Virginia-North Carolina section; farther 
south it begins earlier. 

2 Shipping points in 1935-36 season: Virginia: Boykins, Courtland, Disputanta, Emporia, Franklin, 
Petersburg, Stony Creek, Suffolk, Wakefield, Waverly, Zuni. North Carolina: Ahoskie, Edenton, Enfield, 
Lewiston, Scotland Neck, Tarboro, Williamston, Wilmington. Tennessee: Johnsonville and Nashville. 

3 Shipping points in 1935-36 season: Georgia: Albany, Americus, Ashburn, Bainbridge. Blakely, Cairo, 
Camilla, Coleman, Cordele, Dawson, Donalsonville, Fitzgerald, Fort Gaines, Leary, Macon, Moultrie, 
Pelham, Shellman, Tifton, Valdosta. Alabama: Andalusia, Dothan, Elba, Enterprise, Eufaula, Headland, 
Montgomery, NewBrockton, Ozark, Samson, Troy. Florida: Greenwood, High Springs, Malone, Marianna. 

4 Shipping points in 1935-36 season: Texas: Abilene, Carbon, DeLeon, Denison, Dublin, Fort Worth, 
Houston, San Antonio. Oklahoma: Durant, Hugo. 

5 Prices from Oct. 1, 1934, to Jan. 6. 1936, include processing tax of 1.05 cents per pound on cleaned peanuts 
and 1.5 cents per pound on shelled peanuts. 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Compiled 'from weekly market news reports issued by the Bureau. 
Shellers and cleaners usually sellpeanuts in eighth fractions of a cent per pound; more rarely, in decimal 
fractions. Prices in this table are based on returns from cleaners, shellers, and brokers, and are straight 
averages, not weighted in any way. 



STATISTICS OF MISCELLANEOUS CROPS 237 

Table 321. — Peanuts: International trade, average 1925-29, annual 1933-35 











Calendar year 








Country 


Average 
1925-29 


1933 


1934 


1935 1 




Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


Exports 


Imports 


PRINCIPAL EXPORTING 
COUNTRIES 

British India .. 


1,000 
pounds 
1, 320, 173 
951, 057 
408, 762 

( 3 ) 

266, 702 

134, 328 

81, 730 

61,251 

45, 492 

38, 592 

12, 732 

10, 722 

3,252 

1,494 

439 


1,000 

pounds 



66 

42, 314 

( 3 ) 





32 

735 







2 








1,000 

pounds 

1, 314, 260 

2 863, 509 

390, 428 

157, 304 

458, 315 

150, 909 

44,540 

64, 032 

60, 386 

64, 435 

6,951 

U46 

1,715 

8,458 

272 


1,000 

pounds 



3 37 

527 

955 





203 

357 







2 12 


1,000 

pounds 

1, 168, 664 

21,155,854 

414, 635 

263, 874 

548, 800 

161, 099 

81, 669 

32, 310 

61, 794 

27,001 

15, 822 

2 30 

1,574 

10, 467 

2 250 


1,000 

pounds 



2 526 

48 

170 





214 

683 







20 


1,000 
pounds 
801, 152 


1,000 
pounds 




Senegal... 




China. ... . 


493, 555 




Manchuria.. 




Nigeria .. . .. . 


412, 160 
101,046 





Gambia 





Mozambique ... . 




Netherland India 


* 33, 143 


4 


Portuguese Guinea. ... ... 





Tanganyika ... 


55, 201 
9,793 





Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 

French Guinea. .. .... . 





Spain 






Cameroon . . 









1, 641 







Brazil 







Total. 


3, 336, 726 


43, 149 


3, 585, 660 


2,091 


3, 943, 843 


1, 906, 050 


151 






PRINCIPAL IMPORTING 

COUNTRIES 

France . 


12, 863 





99 

3,278 

4, 569 

244 



12, 361 



885 



313 

2,599 



401 

112 





1 




1, 619, 507 

1,311,186 

286, 186 

252, 338 

203, 972 

78, 563 

61,350 

40,102 

30,390 

29, 783 

26, 603 

16, 095 

10, 025 

6,894 

4,769 

4,524 

4,029 

«3,442 

3,051 

1,847 

1,578 


1,114 





22 

1,327 

1,426 

641 



2,860 



15 



48 

974 



191 

433 



9 






2, 264, 039 

986, 581 

402, 820 

184, 042 

240, 023 

352 

75,200 

74, 544 

29, 136 

27, 318 

26, 263 

2,774 

19,211 

5,395 

5,410 

11,301 



2,990 

3,195 

4,011 

8,440 


7,826 





24 

769 

616 

216 



1,700 



25 



15 

589 



341 

1,354 



7 






2, 055, 023 

1, 221, 605 

366, 408 

413, 986 

387, 195 

742 

82, 225 

68, 126 

33, 860 

39, 275 

32, 387 

6,097 

18, 903 

15, 338 

6,416 

16, 627 



3,265 

2, 553 

25, 993 

50, 854 


10,296 




1, 889, 593 




623, 829 
497, 091 




Italy 


Netherlands. ... 


1,829 

226 

440 



1,859 



118 




44, 523 




282 


Belgium.. 


128, 759 


Denmark .. 


81, 135 


British Malaya 


28,450 


Canada _. 


33,406 


Japan 


25, 282 


Sweden . 


2,618 


Algeria 




Egypt . 


1,106 

384 
2,967 

15 




9,254 


Tunisia 




Union of South Africa 

Argentina 

Australia 2 


25, 614 



Philippine Islands 


2,824 


Poland 

Yugoslavia 


598 
1,395 


Total 


37, 725 


3, 996, 234 


9,060 


4, 373, 045 


13, 482 


4, 846, 878 


19, 240 3. i 









1 Preliminary. 2 international Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. 

3 Not shown prior to 1932; included in data for China. ' Java andMadura only. * 4-year average. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Official sources except where otherwise noted. Includes shelled and 
unshelled, assuming the peanuts to be unshelled unless otherwise stated. When shelled nuts were reported 
they have been reduced to terms of unshelled at the ratio of 3 pounds unshelled to 2 pounds of shelled. 

Table 322. — Peanut oil: Peanuts crushed and crude and virgin oil produced in the 
United States, by quarters 1925-26 to 1935-36 





Peanuts crushed ' 


Oil produced 


Year 


Octo- 
ber-De- 
cember 


Janu- 
ary- 
March 


April- 
June 


July- 
Sep- 
tember 


Total 


Octo- 
ber-De- 
cember 


Janu- 
ary- 
March 


April- 
June 


July- 
Sep- 
tember 


Total 


1925-26 


1,000 
pounds 
17, 134 
10, 576 
21, 810 
14, 740 
31, 598 
22,744 
15, 376 
19,944 
11,822 
150, 136 
107, 993 


1,000 
pounds 
17, 880 
11, 143 
24,168 
19, 596 
50,888 
23,940 
14, 874 
13, 432 
11, 896 
48, 032 
72,590 


1,000 
pounds 
10, 668 
6,321 
8,177 
10,392 
25,606 
17, 950 
12, 750 
20,260 
13, 164 
15, 594 
45, 225 


1,000 

pounds 

4,389 

6,966 

6,661 

11,320 

12, 672 

4,996 

8,464 

11,792 

8,118 

6,518 

14, 875 


1,000 
pounds 
50, 071 
35,006 
60, 816 
56,048 
120, 764 
69,630 
51, 464 
65,428 
45,000 
220, 280 
240, 683 


1,000 

pounds 

3,827 

2,544